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?ci' Editorial Page, Firat Column.
OBMEBALLY ? ?IR T<? li.1V \Mi
Va?tar?l??'a Tam|K?raf ?ira? :
High. Mj ?itivr. at.
lull ra;i'.rt on I'nc? a. fnrt I
First to Last?the Truth: News - Editorials - Advertisements
Vol. I.XXV-No. 25,088.
n? Thr Irll.iina \??i? In?Inn )
SUNDAY, JULY 85, 1915.?SEVEN PARTS FIFTY-EIGHT PAGES.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
1000 to 1200 Die in Chicago Boat Disaster;
Four-fifths of Lost Women and Children;
U. S. and State Sift Upsetting of Picnic Ship
Think Stand on
TO BE U. S. ALLY
May Co-operate Toward
Freedom of Seas for
?? we'.] a-? her enemies must read a
? in the note just dis
Germany. This is the opin
f many official*- who studied the
to-day and believe the document
tion of the
eray, but a statement of
,-ed to back up to the letter, no
Much cor I forth by
which the I
;nay accomplish most ;ir.?l this
object the freedom of;
y and efTec- j
? ed." ,
: ret this to mean that :
ment will ab: e
tl -.a! law in
bmarine warfare, the
i take to compel
.:.ce of the same princip..
'???many an '?
-;e virtually '
. ' ' ites, officials
at once on the
e are anxious to see
the Gen . Office will
[.'rasp this :
.'.?I dictate such a policy, as
. ..-.-i at ?seal .ore ;
,c unlawful i
i time has ?
. military way.
? hance I?. Kaise Blockade.
tea to pros- !
against Kntfland, ;
"?.?pht be in- '
ertain ex- ;
e that has cut tier- :
? ? i nly with the
: with the neutrals of
prepared ' to
:, sharply to account
ml commerce, but has beer, prevented
so up to now by German
? sfaction on
? hat the question
| i?i many rt verts ;
that destroyed the
confidently expected j
in the note a '
?? Great Britain of increased;
?cuting Ameri- ;
although they say the
in which this is i
tended for popular i
?'he state- ,
-.?. ill, "with- ,
." con- |
for the freedom of
whateTer quarter vio?
more vigorous tl
i in the past in sup?
: this opinion, how- :
fact that the difficul
? of a highly
involving princip i
ich have never
? 1 The whole
Of the lon|
".e that can
>? reference to specific
? - ? edenti Foi I
? ? Great
I and cannot'
ir or even popu-|
*?'?!iiti?K? i aborioM Taak.
? Miment can an?'
?vith regard to
?hat all th<
'?* til? at ions. When tl
? it Britain a great deal
.?I, but the
? problem will not by any ,
i? ached. The inter?
I 'he law to mutual satis- t
will be a minute and laborious!
'he German people will look '
Of tie ni' '
- it is believed the
I the .'hanr ?
nk the au?
:> a trump ?
11, . '
from the Ui -anti
.-. of the
In this way not only would a friendlv ?
?.cd, but the German j
So'-ernment would tret credit for skilful j
I "nilimad on |>age S. column 4
FAITH ON WAR
London. July 24.?The anniver?
sary of Great Britain's declaration
of war on Germany, August I. ?ill
be marked throughout the Umpire
by reaflirming British determination
to continue the struggle unswerv?
ingly. The pledge will be embodied
in this resolution, approved by Pre?
"That on this anniversary of the
declaration of a richteous war. this
meeting of citizens of ????
records its inflexible determination
to continue to a tictorious end the
struggle for the maintenance of
those ideals of liberty and justice
which are the common and sacred
caaae of the Allies."
Meetings have been arranged
throughout the Umpire at which the
resolution will be put. Members of
the Cabinet and of Parliament and
other public oflicials are co-operat?
ing in the arrangement. The ?lo
minions and colonies are all joining
in the mo*?ement.
E. M. GROUT GUILTY;
JURY OUT 53 HOURS
One Juror Finally Con
tion of Mercy.
Edward M. Grout was found guilt]
late last night of perjury in connec
tion with a statement of the conditior
of the Union Bank of Brooklyn, o
which he was prc-ident. The jun
came in at 10:45, having deli1
?y.three and three-quarter hoars
It was said that from the very stari
only one juror, James M. Murnhy t
musician, had held out for aciuittal
They included a recommendation foi
mercy in their verdict. The former
Controller will be sentenced Tuesday,
He came into court about ten min?
utes before the verdict was returned,
His wife and sister-in-law were with
him. Grout took his position inside
the railing beside his attorney, Stephen
C, Baldwin. After a few minutes the
jury entered. 'Ihere was a trying five
minutes before Judge Lewis came in.
"I want it thoroughly understood,"
said Judge Lewis, "that under no cir?
cumstances is there to be any demon
n when the verdict is announced."
At the summons of the court clerk
Theodore Cramer, foreman of the jury,
announced the verdict. Not a tremor
was visible to those whose eyes were
fixed on the prisoner. In response to
the questioi I clerk he gave his
"pedigree" in a voice that was inaudi?
ble a few feet away.
Judge Leu;.- thanked the jury for the
patience with which they had borne
nine weeks of testimony and argument
and turned to Mr. Baldwin to hear the
customary motions to Bel aside the ver?
die and grant a new trial.
Mr. Baldwin said he was not yet
ready to make the motions, and asked
to have an hour's conference with his
client. Judge Lew:? assented, but not
before he had discharged the jury and
remanded Grout until Tuesday.
After bidding goodby to hi- wife, son
and other relatives in the Sheriff's
loom Grout was taken to the Raymond
Street jail in hie attorney's automo?
bile. He will stay there until Tuesday.
When he is an ? nci a
ate of reasonable doubt, en?
titling him to bail pending an appeal.
may DC t.ied. lie and his attorney went
into conference in th< room
under guard ot several court at ten d
SHIPS IN CRASH,
DRAG TUGS IN BAY
Five Boats in Tangle Wove by
Drifting Oil Ship and Four
Swinging to the urge of the ebb tide
lai-t night the English steamship
Teucer, loaded with case oil, fouled
th? American four-ma-ter Hilton otT
Stapleton, Statin bland. The bow? in ?t
of ttie Hilton raked the 'lank of the oil
steamer, brushing off half a dozen life?
boats and finally snapping off and jam?
ming near the St? MTU.
Whistles were sounded and i
went up. The tug-- Stapleton and Tim?
mona panted out and made fast. W it h
their engines going full speed and ?
their anchors out the tugs wen- power?
less to sto? the drift of the unwieldv
ships. All four started down the
crowded upper I
Two German freighters came w;ith'.n
Mi ace of being scarred. Off Clifton.
Staten lslan.l. the tangle picked up the
??timan bark Ar.dr? -, and the flv?
drunk. own tlie bay.
.? ami churn as they would, the
icceeded only ?.i in
mtarv motion *?? the drift, which made
. through ? ?gued
doubly perilous. By midnight
? ., i i. ach?
? i were undei the searcnlights of'
the destroyer ami naval tin- anchored
there. The tugs sounded their whistles
It was thought that nothing would
interfere with their career until the
tide changed at 1 o'clock this morning.
STEAMER ON WHICH 1,000 WERE DROWNED, AND RESCUE LEADERS.
SING SING PLOT
TO FREE BECKER
Life Termer, Taken to Ex?
ecutive Mansion, Trap?
ped by Whitman.
ADMITS SECRET TALK
?N DEATH HOUSE
Murphy's "New Evidence" Plea
May Bring Investigation of
[Preari a Slag C? ?- ' a? 1
Albany, Julv -4. On Sunday night.
June 20, a convict serving a life term
for murder, stole into the death house !
in Sintr Sine prison. Two keener ?>n ,
watch, who are supposed to let none
into the death house but the chaplain, j
the k> ?fives ?
of the condemned, did not stop this '?
mier from going to the cell of
Charles Becker and conversing with
This convict, after having this for
1 idden talk with Becker, drafted a let?
ter to W. Hourke ("ockran. ?nd mailed
it to him. Mr. Cockran. Keeker's coun?
sel, incorporated the note in his appli?
cation for a new trial on the grounds
of newlv discovere?! evidence. This
appeal Will be argued before Justice '
Ford in New York City on Monday,
I he same convict, wlu.se name is
Joseph Murphy, wrote a letter to Gov?
ernor Whitman, begging and ?mi
ai?' the convict's words) a per?
The Governor granted thi> interview ?
to-dav. Mr. H i. tmai i I nol co to
nt:. The convict cam' , .
and was taken, not to a local jail nor.
to atLV of the other places set a-uie for
the administration of justice, but to
the Executive Mansion.
Governor Traps Convict
For two hi'tir?; the murderer sat in
a richlv furnished room on th<
ond floor of the mansion. This room
?a used as a Study. For two hours the
Governor, with his st?nographes, >?f
a few feet away from the mur ?
? - ?tory, with here
Murphy, who ?a t fi um Sing
Sing by Deputy Wardei ' . came
with tl e of h? Ipinc
What the slaver did il
?utes of his i-.4
He .-n! nut? i',l what was tantamount
to a ronfe-Mon of a COBViet conspira??
to i re?* Becker.
Murphy lifted himself out of the ob?
scur :t f Sing a
few days ago by accusing Bndgie Web
ter, Harry Vallon and Jack Rose of
ring while they were in the
to his -to.1 . ?a ho were ae?
,i doomed man to ch?
'1 hey h...| no pre. ? that t.me.
Hut proof ? will bi in
? hen Mr. Cockran will argue for i
trial on the allegations of Murnhv.
i h - proof will al - th??
basi.? for a thorough . in of
the Mutual Welfare Leagne, some of j
( oniiuii"! on paa?* *. rolumn 1
Federal, State and City
Officials Seek to Fix
Witnesses Testify at Coroner's
Hearing of Listing of Top
Chicago. July 21.?Coroner HofTman
announced late to-night that he had
ordered the arrest of e\ery official of
the Indiana Transportation Company,
which leased the Kastland. No indi- ,
?i.In.i Is were mentioned in the Cor
.1. in Tribun? ]
Chicago, July 21. Chicago was busy
to-night getting investigations under
way to place responsibility for th?
negligence which cost probably more
than one thousand lives.
Although the Gastland was known
over the lakes for its lack of balance,
neither officers nor crew apprised the
?.?ers of their danger until it was
too late. On that the stories of the ,
survivors, however incoherent, agree. ?
There are two big questions which
the various investigating bodies will
???ek to have answered:
1. Was it because of a defect in its,
water ballast system that the Fastlan?!
:. Were more passengers permitted
"thcial carrying capac?
ity of 2..-.mi 7
Already there have been several an
l: 1! McCreary, navigation inspector,
he turned away all prospectivo
?fers after his automatic counter i
? ' ed 2.."?mi.
? tradicting MeCreanr*a assertion is ?
the estimate of two officials in charg*
of the outing that 0,200 persons, of
whom the women and children out- |
numbered the men four to one, had
been crowded aboard the Fastland.
The Fast land'? gauge tender came
forward late in the afternoon with th?
S?. Joseph-Chicago Steamship Com
?.??ision of the capsizing.
'?. i.Id-n ru?h of pas.-engeis to the
|.. of the excursion boat to vie.v
a pa--nig launch carried the Kastland
over, he said
Before half the bodies had been tak?
en from the choke "tween decks" of,
Continued on pas* I. column ?
The steamer Eastland, 1,000 of whose passengers were drowned
when she upset in the Chicago river yesterday. In the inset above?H. P.
Albright, of the Western Electric Company, who took charge of the rescue
and relief work for the companv. In the lower inset is F. W. Willard, another
orticer of the company, who personally drew twenty-two ot the victims from
Women Calmly Await
Fate as Men Fight
Dragged from Places of Safety by Frantic Members
of Stronger Sex, They Fearlessly Accept
Rescue or Death.
!.. T-'.?raph t/> Th? Tribu:!?? 1 I
Chicago, July 24.?Stories of joy a
joy which found expression in tears
were told by those rescued from the
river or from the deathtrap hull of the
A daughter, hauled from the water
just when she felt that she had no
chance for life, lay on a bed at the
Hotel Sherman and told the story of
In the crisis the women were the
stronger. While men fought madly for
their lives the women and girls, after
the first panic, quickly recovered.
Kither they clung patiently to rails and
bits of wreckage, or, if trapped in the .
hull, waited calmly for rescue or death.
Rescued, their thoughts for the most
part were of those not so fortunate.
With the men it was different. They
dragged 'he women from places of tem?
porary safety so that they might be
saved. They struggled madly to save
life, not for others but for themselves, i
And some, when rescued, stood stunned
and helpless watchine* others at work.
"I hear?l her nop over with a crash
an?! a splash,*1 said William Raphael,
manager of a commission house at 71.
Sou'h Water Street. "'I jumped out to
the door and sa?v what had happened.
Two women came bobbing up to the
Samuel Hopkins Adams
writes his regular weekly business article this morning about
.1 visit to one of those men's furnishing ?"?tores whose alluring
windows luve often stoppe?! \ou. Here's vour chance t<? find
? .: whjt is inside?without paying lor youi lesson. Turn to
the article no??it's on I'.??:?' 12.
?lltr ?mt?mtj ?ribum?
First to Last? he Truth:
surface not far from the shore piling.
I jumped in to grab them.
Frantic Man Prevents Rescue.
"Some fat man, his face green with
terror, was making for them, too. I got
hold of the Wornes. anil started to pull
them out. The fat man held on to 'he
women's dresses, and I couldn't swim
with the whole load. I yelled at him,
treading water as I fought. He
wouldn't let go.
"I kicked him in th<* face and made
him let go. I lost one of the women
in the struggle) but I got the other
woman to shore safely. All three of
them might have been saved if that
follow hadn't been -cared into a fren- i
zy. I am glad that I laved one, any
"I wonder what the coppers were
doing. When I was in the river
inp to save the lives of these women
I looked un and saw a whole row of
?hem on the dock. There must have ,
been ten of them there, not making
Jumped to Nearby Boat and
Didn't Wet His Feet.
One of the most dramatic, complete
and coherent of the survivi
wa.? that told by K. w. Sladkey, h??a?l
of the Weatern Electric Com?
prinl Bg department The la I
board the Eaatland and the first to es
iie walked over the upper
of tHe vessel and jumped to the
?'f the Keno?ha without so much as
wetting his feet. Many of those who
wr.? saved, he .?aid, followed his ex?
Sladkey, who probablv will be an im?
int witness before the various in-i
rating bodies, pra:se?i 'lie captain
of the Kenosha for his presence of
mind in backing the tug against the ,
upset Kastland. But he said the e.\
cursion boat's officers and crew gave I
BO warning of the imr>- isl
until the vessel had heeled beyond an \
antrle of 46 '!";"r' ? -
I., w Miller, employed in the '-> ? it
ern Klectr -
was one of a group of young men who
? ??'. in the -am?? way as SI . .
He and 'he ?.'her three John Peter
ton, E. H. Peterson and "a
suenjop climbed to the dr
Woman Pulled Through Porthole.
Mrs. ' illiam Peter?on, wife of a
foreman, was pulled through a port?
hole to safety. "I was dragged clear
Continued on page 3, columa 2
BODIES OF VICTIMS
COVER RIVER; MANY
TRAPPED IN CABINS
Eastland, "Hoodoo Ship," Capsizes
at Pier While Loaded to
Capacity for Excursion.
SEARCH OF HULK GOES ON
UNDER ELECTRIC LIGHTS
Catastrophe Stops Picnic of the Western
Electric Employes, 2,000 of Whom Were
Recently Sent West from New York.
(By Telegraph to The Tribune.)
Chicago, July 24.?Nearly 1,000 persons, at the lowest esti?
mate, and possibly 1,200. of the throng of 7,500 employes of the
Western Electric Company and their families who started this
morning for a picnic across Lake Michigan were drowned when
the steamer Eastland, the first of five boats that were to carry the
crowd, capsized at her pier in the Chicago River.
Coroner Hoffman at 11 o'clock said that according to the in?
formation at hand he hoped that the total dead would not exceed
1,000. The number of bodies in the morgue, according to official
count, was 842. While others were added later, there was some
duplication, it was discovered. The Coroner said that any bodies
in addition to the 842 were in the river or in the hull of the steamer
Eastland. These are estimated at from 200 up.
It is believed that 1,500 of those on board were saved. These
estimates do not fit into the official statement, which places the
number on board at 2,500, the legal capacity of the vessel. Several
witnesses, however, declare that this number had been greatly
exceeded, some putting the total as high as 3,200.
Probably four out of five of the victims were women and
children. The men employes were practically all accompanied by
their families, while in addition there were hundreds of girl
All day long every available man strained at the work, first of
rescuing the living, and then of recovering the bodies, and to-night
long lines of electric arcs were streched along the uppermost side
of the Eastland to enable firemen and divers to continue their work
through the night.
NO CHANCE TO ESCAPE.
So sudden was the overturning of the boat that none on board
had a chance to escape. Within five minutes of the first notice?
able list, the vessel snapped the hawsers that held her to the pier,
or dragged up the piles to which they were fastened, had drifted
slowly a few yards out into the river, turned on her beam ends and
settled to the bottom in twenty-five feet of water.
Panic seized the passengers when the boat began to turn over.
The best accounts of witnesses agree that the steamer rolled slight?
ly t" ice, then turned further, and that hundreds of screaming,
struggling men, women'and children slid across the sloping decks,
fought for room and clutched at companions, deck chairs or
any other object that came to hand.
Women and children by hundreds were caught below decks,
and the scratched faces, torn clothing and bruised bodies of the
dead bore mute evidence of the desperation with which they had
fought for life.
Instantly the surface of the river became a mass of bodies;
the light dresses of the women and children, who were nearly
four times as numerous as the men, making patches of tragedy on
its murky surface.
MEN RUSH TO RESCUE.
Instantly, too, from the crowd still waiting on the piers, from
neighboring boats and buildings, and from every point where men
were gathered volunteer heroes plunged to the rescue.
When firemen chopped and forced their way through the side
of the hull of the overturned boat they found bodies piled on one
another like so many boxes of merchandise. They began taking
them out and placing them on the tug Racine, which stood along?
side. There they were placed on stretchers and carried ashore.
Eight divers, equipped with underwater suits and helmets,
searched the holds of the vessel, aided by a doz-en or more volun?
teer swimmers who, clad in bathing suits or stripped to their un?
derwear, dived time after time into the water.
As quickly as a body was located it was seized with hooks and
brought to the surface. "There's one," would be the cry, and usu?
ally this would be followed by the call: '"It's a woman."
Summer gowns and finery torn to shreds, scratched faces and
clenched hands were the rule.
The rescuers for several hours suffered from the heat of the
hull, caused by the furnaces of the boat. They stood first on one
foot and then on the other until sawdust, burlap bags and tarpau?
lins were laid on the hot steel plates.
Several persons were taken alive from the cabins of the ship
after it had lain on its side in the river for four hours, but the hun?
dreds of others said to be in the hulk are all dead.
There were seventy-two men in the crew of the Eastland and