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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 15, 1915, Image 1

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Your Money Back
If You Want It.
See Editorial Page?, Fifet Column.
Nm ?IotI?
Ve?terd?iy-? Temperature?:
ii?t, M| lasar, 70.
Kill .. i ... ?n laj. 7, Part 1.
First to Last -the Truth: News - Editorials - Advertisements
Vol. LXXV....NO, ..vuo.).
I< "l>?rl?hl. IBIS,
Ht The I illume \a?.-> lnlli.nl
srNn.w. august 15, 101.-). seven parts fifty six pages.
? * #
price five cents
40,000 RESERVE
Depends on Students to
Train Force That Could
Repel Invaders.
HctoteSSttSS o1 Volunteers Wor
ne? lionera. ? Plattsbur***;
Rookio*-? Oe. New Honors.
?e.x^-i?e-1 M TV TribttfM 1
S. V . Aug. 1'. In n talk
te-dB* ? ' ?-men at the rail?
j!srv ? camp here Major
Qe-er ?- W<t?*>d, v. ho IS BU
the instruction of mine
BBS and professional
? dative of an array
?':.ws in our ?>s
?r.eer army and
which he believes
distance toward
try against the sac?
an armed enemy.
I, "we
?rfctt ndcra from three sources,
ret: in the
errs, militia, ma
io have had their
vary limited.
who have qualified
a and have
r Depart m
m ns. th?
??.:.. I iv? graduated
??- at-.d mechanical
.-.- all of which
:: under an
tiona were endowed
? as the Morrill
ajgt, I at a tim-? when the
* acutely the need of the
.?rial for officers. We have
?bo'-r lent? at school
on in these schools
ty and character. It
: and efforts
-. :ure the men at
nd of their junior and senior
yaaaj ,<1 of intensive train
followed at the sta?
tion camps.
?? .1 and gen
*? pe
- .il for OlBcers.
rge source
f .he type of the
te, Norwich
mis State College
a:.d : rs. There are about
? -. utionis
-.he army. These men
- ? icticable at the
? years,
? ?'lie or two of
when the camp
' ? ?
ag i .cultural
? .'itary col
.. .-.?.'. tal ng class
.. mng
is one of which you
al lately
military mstruc
?re from which
th* B1 r,.mps are
?t?mn ilitary col
most unlim
? . men fron.
? '.. ir train
??IV .-hould be |
? : in -i :
??? the grade of
I or
i corps
ich reserve
.'i for
They would be
" ti lining
; i" titounht
the militia ami
?" year and
"P*. ' ??tails.
I'lan foi \rm> Service.
, 'r' lourcea not less
?es . , lelected each
jaw, ? , >,, h physical ? I
*ai'*i.* -.? all nu 'i who
"***?* ? f,.r
"PP? ' econd lieu
?i the
? ?
? :
? .
. principally
e field i (fleers. They
?ained, ?
re available and
?" at {.tactically
ie to the coun
? i : reasioii
tit y of ma- ,
? out method o** |
? .t.'mont we !
""*"?*?'' ? 1 ai".n a system
?Batd upon volunl ? re ia noth
. i ' irk which in anv way
the volun
one of the
? ?? history. I am I
! \ idual or the !
? rompts him, but am
have fol
.- apon vol .
oi imminent.
had been raised.
trained in
v would be rompar
i 'ii of volunteer !
"it. which at least had its
dders, officers, per-'
JJ?1*' ?rtunately, the voluts?
? apply it i? com par- '
. !. preai ranged
?, ** lent, but to a tire department
?al**''*1 ' ie has started, to
?-?wad,- up of volunteers,
- another aspect
?fie < ? . A. 1 look upon it, no one
'?".tinuril on paae 3. column S
Washington. ,ug. 14?Major Gen?
eral l.*onnrd Woorl't? Invitation to
?'resident WIsSMSB to visit the
Plattshurg. N. Y..'camp reached the
Whit* House to-day. If public
businwa permit? the President
probably will .icr.-pt. He will stop
at the ramp on one of his visits
to Cornish, N. H.
It is practically certain that the
President will apeak on national
American Reported Killed by
Mexican at Nogales.
Nopales, Ariz., Aug. 11. Scores of
American Roldien participated in ?
: riot in Nogales to-night as the result,
; it i? said, of a rumor that Mexicans
had threatened to take their -*uns
Ten Mexicans xvere attacked before
the ofllcsrs g"t control of the men.
One American was reported to have
been slain in Nogales, Mexico, just
across the border from here, by in?
furiated Mexicans.
He Will Come to Town on His
Yacht and Closed Auto Will
Take Him to Office.
Glen love, Long Island, Aug IS.
.T. P. Morcan '-sill return to h;s desk
in Manhattan Monday, having fully
?ccovered from the wounds inflicted
' early last month by Holt, who killed
himaelf in the Mine?la jail.
Extraordinary precautions are to be
taken to safeguard Mr. Morgan. His
assailant appeared to be well ac?
quainted with the financier's habits,
displaying familiarity with h;s daily
lotite from the time he left Fast Is?
land, his country home. All this is
to be changed.
His steam yacht, the Corsair, will
carry him each day from Fast Is?
land to Manhattan. The landing place
will not be made known A limousine
xvi.l meet the yacht. After Mr
Morgan is leated in the car the
curtains will be drawn so that its
occupant cannot be seen and he will
, be driven to his office in Wal! Street.
There is no danger whatever of any
? crank reaching Mr. Morgan while he
is embarking on the Corsair, as Fast
Island is heavily guarded and the
1 private boat basin is unapproachable
from outside.
Retired Merchant Found Dead
When Wife Returns from
John Hildenbrandt, fifty-three, a re?
tired German merchant, was killed by
burglars last night in his home, at 144?t?
Fifth Avenue. The thieves climbed
down the fire escape from the roof and
cut theii way into Hildenhrandt's
apartment through the window. They
found him alone and asleep. While still
on the bed they struck him with a
blackjack, but he chased them into the
hall. Just as they made their get
axvay one of the intruders shot him.
His slayers took $75 and the dead man's
This was the fifth robbery in two
hours on the block between 117th Street
and 118th Street on Fifth Avenue last
At ? o'clock last evening Mrs. Ilild
enbrant, with her son John H. and
daughter Sophie, went out to take a
walk. Returning at 11. they found the
body ol the nur,!, red man lying on the
They called the police. The district
was surrounded by detectives, but at a
late hour last night no arrests had been j
Hildenbrandt xvas formerly a cigar
manufacturer and owned considerable;
real estate in Harlem. His son is a!
la' student at Columbia.
Soldiers, from Ambush, Greet j
Temperance Sermon with
Rccr Containers.
Ilighlaivls, N. J? Aug. 14. According ,
to reports from the front. Secretary j
Garrison, who has a summer place near
here, whs obliged to execute a rapid
retiring movement one day thi.? -seek,
when he was ambushed by soldiers
from Fort Hancock and bombarded
with beer bottles. In consequence of
this engagement Highlands is now
under martial law. A provost cuar.l
patrols the street-, and every soldier i
on 1 >ave who looks as if he had a
speaking acquaintance with beer bot- .
ties is promptly arrested.
The Secretury of War. i? is said, was
passing in his car along Ocean 1 -ule
vard when the ambuscade was sprung.
I'niler a tree Mr. Garrison observed a
Hie of bottles, ?luite emntv. and. j
watching over them, sever. soldiers, ,
quite full. The condition of the men |
moved the Seen irv to halt his cari
and beirin an extempor BOO?! lecture j
upon temperance. The condition of the i
men prevented their appreciating the
First the air was full of beer bottles.
Tb**- it was full of dust kicked up bv
?.itu haste of the Secretary of War? d
i'".'. ?
Story of Elaborate Plots
Published by "New
York World."
i Charges Include Fomenting
Strikes and Subsidizing
"The N'em- York World" publishes to
day an article exposing plots which it
says have been carried on in this coun?
try by high German officials an.I their
| agents, aimed not alone at the heiliger
! ents, but "in some instances at the
laws of the United States, as well."
The article says in part:
"The facts set forth are based upon
correspondence exchanged by lepre
1 sentativea of the German government,
its agents and sympathetic allies in
this country, which has come into pos
! session of 'The World.'
"This correspondence reveals unmis?
takably that the leading officials of the.
German government have had a hand
in the promotion of ventures directed
not alone at its belligerent enemiei
with whom it is at war, but, In
instances, at the laws of the I nited
; States as well.
Cerman Chancellor in Seerel
"The most surprising fact m this
connection is that no les.?- a per
than Herr von Hethmann-Hollweg,
! Chancellor of the German r'mpire, has
1 actually participated from Rerhr. in
some of the secret undertakings of h.s
government in this country.
"The facts .?.et forth in the corre?
spondence show that the chief actors
selected to perform the duties aBl
to them are:
"Count Johann von Rernstorff, the
1 German Ambassador at Washington;
Captain Franz ron Tapen, the mili?
tary attach? of the embassy;
"l>r. Heinrich F. Albert, the chief
fiijancial agent of the German govern
' ment in this country;
"Herr Hugo Schmidt, Western repre
i sentative of the Deutsches Hank of
I Berlin;
"Hugo Schweitzer, a German-Ameri?
can chemist;
"S. Sulzberger, a banker in Frank?
fort, Germany;
"Herr Waetzoldt, trade representa?
tive of the German government in this
j country;
"Agents of the German Bureau of
?Information (Secret Service i and vari?
ous oth?r agents who are not officially
identified, in the public view, with the
German government.
Eel ?mated Coat $2,000,000 Weekly.
"The linancial features of the under?
takings of Germany in this country are
shown to have been cared for by the
Deutsches Hank of Berlin, S. Sufzber
ger & Sons Company, of Frankfort,
Germany; the Guarantee Trust Cora
1 pany of New York, Heinrich F. Albert,
Hugo Schmidt and Hugo Schweitzer.
The magnitude of >ome of the trau-..?'
; tions suggests expenditure of a very
large sum ?if money every week, one
estimate based upon pretty accurate
knowledge of these tranaactiona fixing
I the figure ut $2,000,000. The tranafer
from the Imperial Interior Bureau
through the Deutsches Hank to the
credit of the German Ambassador in
this country of $1,100,000 is mail
I;, for tin- USB of the SCCKt service
maintained by it here.
"The disclosures contained in the
correspondence, the authenticity of
which has been clearly established,
show that the German propaganda had
for its purpose the involving of the
United States in the complications of
the Kuropean war; that the plans de?
signed to accomplish this result were
carefully and deliberately projected, ef?
ficiently organized, superbly executed
ami adequately financed.
"Every move made in furtherance of
the general German propaganda and ?>f
specific undertakings is rhown to have
bees performed under th?' peraonal di?
rection of the German Chancellor, its
American Ambassador, and Chief Finan?
cial Agent Albert.
"due of the very important features
of the German programme was a ni"~t
elaborate scheme to control and in?
fluence th<- press of the United State?,
to establsh newspapers and news Ber?
eites, finance professional lecturers and
moving picture shews, and to erii.-t the
support of American citizens and pub?
lish books for the sole purpose "f fo?
menting internal discord amone the
American people to the advantage of
the German Kmpire.
Germany the Financial Backer.
"In furtherance of this plan of for?
mulating and controlling public senti
ment favorable to it and unfavorable
to the I'nited States government, the
fart?? in possession of "The World'
dearly show that the German govern?
ment is the financial backer of 'Father?
land.' the pretences -:Z \?h.?h to be
lyoal to the Amn..-4ii people ?re offset
by the VicioUl attacks printed in its
columns upon President Wilson be?
cause of his unsweiving e'Toits to
maintain impartial neutral relations
with all of the governments at war,
the publication receiving a monthly
bonus from Financial Agent Albert.
"Another feature of the publicity
programme ot the German government
is the < iputed claim of M. H. Claus
se . one of its agents, that he hecured
from Courtland Smith, president of
the American Presa Association, a
thirty-da, option, expiring .Inly 16 last,
under the term.-, of which the Gi
government was secretly to control that
?nsiitutio i upon the payment of $900.?
. >? ah and the retention of Mr.
Smith .? its ostensible head at a
o." $15,000 a year. Mr. Smith flat
nies giving any such option or being a
partv to the deal, declaring that his
: rise is purely American and is
not for sale.
"The f?c. that the German govern?
ment paid the expenses of Fdward
I.yell Fox. a magazine writer of est?b?
il.? ed reputation, lor his 'good article.-.'
while m Germany last fall. aixl that the
German Chancellor himself recom?
mended a similar arrangement, is clear?
ly established by the correspondence.
"line of the most interesting feat
tT"iitiiiuril en pase 1> column S
Plea to Mexico Made Public;
More Troops Go to Brownsville
The Mexican people are informed that the
following communication has been sent to many
prominent persons in Mexico who possess au?
thority or military power within the republic:
Washington, August 11.
The undersigned, the Secretary of State of the
United States, the Ambassadors Extraordinary
and Plenipotentiary of Brazil, Chili and Argen?
tina, and the Envoy Extraordinary and Ministers
Plenipotentiary of Bolivia, Uruguay and Guate?
mala, accredited to the government of the United
States of America, acting severally and inde?
pendently, unanimously send to you the follow?
ing communication:
Inspired by the most sincere spirit of Amer?
ican fraternity, and convinced that they rightly
interpret the earnest wish of the entire continent,
they have met informally at the suggestion of the
Secretary of State of the United States to con?
sider the Mexican situation so as to ascertain
whether their friendly and disinterested help
could be successfully employed to re-establish
peace and constitutional order in our sister re?
In the heat of the frightful struggle which for
so long has steeped in blood the Mexican soil,
doubtless all may well have lost sight of the
dissolving effects of the strife upon the most vital
conditions of the national existence, not only
upon the life and liberty of the inhabitants, but
on the prestige and security of the country. Wc
cannot doubt, however?no one can doubt?that
in the presence of a sympathetic appeal from
their brothers of America, recalling to them these
disastrous effects, asking them to save their
motherland from an abyss?no one can doubt, we
repeat, that the patriotism of the men who lead
or aid in any way the bloody strife will not re?
main unmoved. No one can doubt that each and
every one of them, measuring in his own con?
science his share in the responsibilities of past
misfortune and looking forward to his share in
the glory nf the pacification and reconstruction
of the country, will respond, nobly and resolute?
ly, to this friendly appeal and give their best
efforts to opening the way to some saving action.
We, the undersigned, believe that if the men
directing the armed movements in Mexico?
whether political or military chiefs?should agree
to meet, cither in person or by delegates, far from
the sound of cannon, and with no other inspira?
tion save the thought cf their afflicted land, there
to exchange ideas and to determine the fate of
the country?from such action would undoubted?
ly result the strong and unyielding agreement
requisite to the creation of a provisional govern?
ment. whi,:h should adopt the first steps neces?
sary to the constitutional reconstruction of the
courtry and to issue the first and most essential of
?hem all, the immediate caH to general elections.
An adequate place within the Mexican fron?
tiers, which for the purpose might be neutralized,
should serve as the seat of the cc nference, and in
order to bring about a conference of this nature
tne undersigned, or any of them, will willingly,
upon invitation, act as intermediaries to arrange
the time, place and other deuils of such confer?
ence, if this action can in any way aid the Mex?
ican people.
The undersigned expect a reply to this com?
munication within a reasonable time, and con?
sider that such a time would be ten days after
the communication is delivered, subject to pro?
rogation for cause.
Carranza Will Re Unable t
Resist Friendly Tone c
Note, Is Belief?Bigf*<
Force at Border Requeste
by Funston.
\rtam Th? r : B
Washington, Aug. 14. Genera! Cs
ranza, it is believed here, will not 1
able to resist the friendly and ol
viously altruistic appeal which'.vas sei
'broadcast throughout Mexico to.,',
The text of the communication ws
made public to-night, an?! while
offers no new arguments and contain
nu threat of alternative action, it i
calculated to touch the heart of ever
Mexican patriot.
The War Department late to-day, ?
the request of Major General Funstoi
ordered one regiment of infantrv fror
Te i ' ity to Brownsville, and also oi
dered ?me aeroplane, one battery of 4.
guns and one battery of 1.7 h?.wit /er
to Brownsville from Fort Sil!. <>k!a
Although first reports Indicated n
more forces would be sent to Brown'
ville, later developments evidently con
vinced General Funston of the need o
protection for the boiler lim
thre itened by Mexican raid?
"Tu?- ho a tzei el een unt,1
tant Secretsry Breckenridge, "a
they are the best weapon? to us?
against marauders, who ma. br hidim
in the hills, because of their high angl?
tire, (?encrai Funston feels that then
should be a stroncer force at Hrowns
! ville, where there has been so muer
dlfficulty. He did not report any new
Agents Get Peace Plea.
The Stat? Department to-day tele
graphed the Pan-American peace mes
sage to its twenty five consular anr
oth. r agents, instructing them to dis
tribute i* among the political and civil
lesdera in their respective localities
The recipients arc asked to reply in
ten days, but the request is put ?o po
I litelv that the not.? cannot be said tn
partake of the nature of an ultimatum.
If anj of the Mexican leaders de?
cline to answer within the . irr.r speci
tate Department i; not de
ned upon the course it ?--ill pur?
sue. The Latin-American nations
whose representatives signed the doc?
ument with Secretsry Lansing are not
committed to any future joint action
with the Tinted States.
It is ??i'? ?teil the greater part of *he
Mexican leaders will reply, an.I unir??
the defection should rove to be gen?
eral the peace conference suggested
undoubtedly will be called. All in
tere I centres around th. action which
General Carranza will take. I'p to this
time he has Leadfastly refused to
me.?' any of his opponents, and the
offer of his attorn v here to arrange a
parley in Washington was
promptly r? ph.hated by the first chief.
Villas Aid Fipccted.
General Villa has announced that he
will lend hll .-upport to any govern?
ment not headed bv "Cient?ficos" which
i will promise to establish constitutional
order. Zapata, it is thought, will fol?
low the lead of Villa
Carrants i*??- repeatedlv ueclared
that he would cons?-:.* ^ ?re ???r.tnire
ment that would diminish the vmvv? '
I nntimied en pace S, eolumn 3
Glories of Italy's Past
Reborn in Blood of War
Nation but Following Inexorable Law of Blood?As Rome
Rose from the Red Furrow, So Italy, Through War's
Supreme Sacrifice, Will Again Rise to Greatness.
In thin statement, prepared tspeciaUv for The Tribnne, Gabriels
D'Aii'iu/izio, Italy's greatest living poet, tells of the cull of tin future
which led his countrymen to war.
There is in all human history ?s 1
of blood inexorable, inevitable,
i truth to be fruitful should l.e writ!
with blood, all unity to be. lasti
must be cemented with blood *?
Latins cannot forget that Roms, p'i
tied, arose from the red furrow of mi
?1er with her doori the color o? t
. skies.
If our xvar ?I just, ?.f our xvar is ho
it is because the morrow will ce'
brate the real birth of the nation
the Mediterranean in fresh blood. Gro
Italy will be born from the mysl
furrow, according to the living law
Roma, recognised us living not on
in bruts force but in spirit.
I'p to the eve of the war, the o
?i.rrupt adviser, periuaded the Italii
. people that they should not seek gloi
; in conqueit, but in acquisition. Thi
triad tu lubordinate all moral valu?
to petty and immediate interests.
It has been my joy and pride t?. r?
establish in the c?m?entice of the pe?
; pic this xvholesome truth that the ,.
i tion is in fact of a spiritual natut
and that the idea of sacrifice il at th
root of this very ipiritual
We know to-day, ?.fi>? r [our weeki i
i war, what manner of individual excel
? in the nation, and through what llToi
' the nation herself excels in renewin
i and creating ills through instruction.
Italy's Hour to Suffer.
We bekrin to .seize ??Kam this Romal
art of power "facer? et pat i fortia"
The hour to act and to suffer has com?
! for Italy, and never before this hou:
1 '...s the admonition so appropriate foi
her of nur ^'r? ? ;.t poet and prophet:
"Now, an r.'.ix, we must learr
through anguiah, marching forward
lighting againat the moat atrocious d?
j tiny xvithout recoilinir. Now it ?'
'necessary to realise what the children
of Italy, unite,I, really are, and to how
: it to the world."
Italy, in truth, after Rfty years of
I misfortunes, errors and efforts, badly
governed by unscrupulous and incapa?
ble old men. ?who wers 'he dead em
, i.er- of the little tire of the small rev
olution Italy had not yet shown the
world xvhat she was in reality. I even
dare to say that =he .lid not know
?hat she was. I ex en dare to a,id if
twenty-five years of lolitary medita?
tion and uninterrupted vtpiianee give?
n:e the right I even dare to add t?.
the last warning xerses, the final xvord,
j humble but proud of your rude singer,
because up til! now except myself no
| one has recognised what the-e chil
I ('ron, united, really were
> 'vie ?lay men will have the courage
i ??? ?rite a true history of our wars
I ?**>.* ??dependence, so interwoven with
you will find in The Sundav Tribune articles bj or about
Gilbert K Chesterton, .Mrs. Thorn's A Edison, Generil Louis
i. Augustus Miomas, Louis Brandeis. Samuel Hopkins
. Grantlam! F.ce, Herbert, He*, wood Bronn, l P. A.
and man) othei
1 an you remember ever scein** a list of names Ike that in
a dail. paper' Which interests you most 1
tXItr *5>uni>aij Sribum?
First to Last?the Truth: Netui?Eattomls?Advertisements
light.? and ihadowsl Notwithstsndim
10 much heroic ardor, notwithstand
i many sublime flames, the per
feet mingling of lOJlll and of blood
wai not attained. A veritable nationa
coniciou ?:? - wai not formed.
In accepting the risks of the war
in throwing themselvei xvith all the;r
ardor into the turmoil, the Italian peo?
ple know that more important than
the territorial unity to be Sttainetj
they will And real unity of eonseienci
;? ni \ irtue.
Know Their Tasks.
They know also that their task, in
truth, is much more arduous than thai
of bringing about the death throe?
oi th? two-headed vulture. For Italy
as well as for France, for our distant
brotheri Dacia Trajan, as well ,?
for all nations of Mediterranean cult?
ure, it i- necesaary to light a supreme
t.ght against the imminent menace ?>:
?servitude and extermination.
This war is nut a simple conflict ol
intereati vagus and .scattered. It i?
much deeper, and, I will say, almost
more divine wiping out the flight of
t'me and the development of man
through his brutal and primordial nat?
ure. I' i ; .1 warring of races, a con?
flict of irreconcilable powers a trial
by bid,ni, which the enemies of our
Latin world have precipitated in ae
ccrdanci with the mo-t ancient law
of iron.
Latin culture is as neee.-sary for
the nobility of the world as organi
me necessary to a living creature. ?In
the fatal tea v.here c,rpci<- awoke
1 ? auty, Rome justice and ,Iu?l??a hoii
we eannot await the a?I\ent of
the Teuton. If the great legend? of
the Caucasus and of Calvary ?! sap
? ir irnm the Medite! ranean o'' th?
future it is not the brutal race that
will create the cycle of mvths.
Where then will the attributes of
the new life rind the marks of per?
fection? Every one of us knoxvj and
every one affirms the immortali'v of
hil blood by all the aspirations of his
periihable force. This is why thi war
il just, flit- is why I demand in the
l,"ur of danger the honor of this brave
Psychopathic Piano Tests Ap?
plicants for Work, Also
Animals and Birds.
(B.- T?-'?-*raph t.. Th* r-.-i,.? |
rto?ton. Au?. II. I'igs, ero-ars and
rats are said to be proved more in
teUigont *han many men bv the
"psychopathic piano," an invention of
Professor R If, Verk.es, of Harvard.
The "piano" has been adopted at the
Psychopathic Hospital, for which Pro?
fessor Yerkes is psvchologist, ar. ? i
used to test applicants for employ
n.cr.' It has twelve keys, only one
of which sounds when pressed. The
person tested ha? to ???>ct from group?
i f three until the right key is pressed.
The operator of the machine, with a
stop watch, notes the time taken bv
the subject. The intelligent person
rea?ons ou*, ?luicklv which keys he has
touched before.
? it of sixty applicants for work 6?t
per cent were found normal and 1" per j
cent low in ment .
In the tests for animals little doors
are u?ed instead of key?. One door i
out of twelve leads to food, and the ,
animal select? from croups of three!
doors a? ? human being does from ?
i-ev.-. Pur?, crows and rats ha.e found
food in losa ?.me than IT per cen? of ?
?he apnli-ar.t- for vswrk tested '
the right key. None, however, wa?
hired. I
Loss of U.30, Off Mouth of the
Ems, Admitted Possible?
Officials Are Silent.
Rerun, Autr. 11. The Admiralty de?
clines to comment on the report pub?
lished abroad that the German sub?
marine U-M hid been sunk off a Ger?
man port by accident, in consequence
of a defect in operation, but subse?
quently had been raised. Official in?
formation is refused, also, corcerning
the fate of the crew. As the German
navv has a special ship for raising
sunken craft and other facilities for
coping with such emergencies, the re?
port may quite possibly be true
A dispatch from Amsterdam on July
S said the U-80 had been sunk off the
mouth of the Kms and raised thirt\
six hour-- later, one member of the
crew losing his life.
Reply to Peace Letter
States Allies Must Make
First Move.
Paris, Aug. 11. The Kaiser, replying
to the peace letter of Tope Benedict XV,
declsrei his willingness to accept peace
negotiations, provided the nations with
which Germany is at war make the
first overtures. Austria lias taken a
similar stand, a dispstch to Fouraler*i
News Agency from Rome add-.
Pope Benedict's appeal, addressed to
the belligerent nations, was issued on
July 28, It asked for an exchange of
views in which "the rights and just
aspirations'1 of the various peoples
could be considered as far as possible,
and "thus put to an ein! th? terrible
combat, as has been the case previously
under simiiar circumstance
The letter invited "the true friends
of peace in the world to extend their
hands to hasten the end of a war which
for a year has transformed Europe into
an enormous battlefield," and de
that he should be bleased "who
extends the olive brandi and tenders
his hand to the enemy in offering him
reasonable conditions of peace."
Prom The Hague comes the report
that the Netherlands Anti-War Coun?
cil has presented an addresi t?> Jonk
heer 1'r. John Loudon. M mist.t of
Foreign Affairs, asking his co "? ? i
m the formation ?if a permanent
:e of repr?
powers to work in the interests of
The Anti-War Council also issue.) a
manifeato, printed in Dutch, English,
French, German an?! Russian, exho
all belligerent people.? to proclaim their
for peace.
Signed by a .lumber of learned pro
fessors, the docui tates m homely
phraseology that it reali7.es that ?*.ar
nng nation..-- may ask arould-be
itiuki rs?
?'What the deuce enters ne itl ll
heads that, they mix m Others' atTairs
while refusing to assume a share of the
comiiou burden?"
Nevertheless, it ia pointed ?"it. the
only victory that rill insure a lasting
peac? mi-' be a moral viel
people, who are urged not
to love an enemy as 01 01 even
to love on?-'? neighbor ? ''. but,
as t!ie mai..fest to "re?
spect thy neighbor ?ike th;.
Germans Ridicule
Russian Peace Talk
London, Aug. 14 Reports 'hat Ger?
many has made ... ? Russia for
a s?parai?- peace bj off? ring her a fret
use of the Dardanelles are i diculed by
th? Hamburg "Nachrichten," according
to a Reuter d. pi: I from Amsterdam.
"Germain' does not. own the !'
neues, and therefore canii"*
to anybody," declarea the pap?'r. "They
are the property of the Turks, who for
rive months have proved that they
how to defend them. The German Um?
pire doe.s not betray Its alhca."
Sidelights on War
in Italy's Green Book
!' ' ,
London, Aug. 11.' i
light . ,. Daily News," are
* lirown on the progr. lead?
ing up to the out!.leak of ho-'
between Italy and Austria in the Ital?
ian green book, now Issued in English.
While negotiationi between two]
then still allies were in progress the
Italian mini-ters in the capita!? of th.
belligerent countries notified their
government 'hat a separate peace be
tween Austria anii Russis wa< in con?
templation on the initiative of Aus?
The Italian Ambassador, telegraph?
ing from Pitrograd to Rome on Maren
lid; "I 'earn from an unim
pugnable source that a serious at?
tempt at peace has been addreaaed to
the Russian government by son ?
speaking in the name of the Austro
Hungarian government."
From Nisi:, the present capital of
S.-rbia. the Italian representative tele?
graphed April 10 to his government:
"According to confidential informa
tion, a separate peace between Aus
tria-Hungary and Russis might a."
? Ie."
Three days later the Italian Minis
ter at the Bulgarian capital tele
graphe.!: "Rumurs are in circ
of a possible separate Austro R .
peace. In Viennese political ?
there is talk of peace bet?.-' A.
tria-Hungary ar.d Russia, and even
that it is with the object of being free
to deal with Italy."
Most important of ??I was a tele?
gram from the Italian Ambanyador m
Berlin to hi? government, dated Apr.'.
15, ?i follows: "Rumor-, i
:..er.*, toward separa'e peace between
Germany and Austria-Hungary and
Russia are persistently maintainej and
constantly gaining ground."
Crisis Near in Bel?
ligerents' Plea for
Latter Willing to Make
Concessions to Bul?
garian Demands.
Rumania. Again Menaced for
Refusal to Pass Muni?
tions, Mobilizes.
London. Aug. 14.?Affairs in the
Balkans aro approaching a crisis.
While diplomatic negotiations are
proceeding in an dort to induce
states still neutral to cast their lot
xxith one ?ido or the other, the cen?
tral ?powers hare, massed troops on
the Balkan frontiers. Thetr plan,
it is supposed, is to force a way
through t?? relieve Turkey. The
Tu-ks aro b? liovod to bo badly in
need of shells-.
This concentration, which has
been followed by an artillery attack
?>n Serbian positions, \g equally a
menace to Rumania, which again
has refused t.i permit shells to pass
through her terriory to Turkey.
The Rumanian army already is
partly mobilized, and four new di?
visions of r. .?orves now have been
called ??ut.
Bulgaria has m -0t made no
move, but awaits the reply of the
Quadruple Entente to her demajid
, tiia*. Serbia and Greece ?-oncede Ma
?edutra to her in return for her
military support. This answer
probably will lie forthcoming after
, the meeting: of the ??reek an?i Ser
f bian Parliaments next xveek.
pa ? ' ".- what
they consider the unfairness of the
Bulgarian demand, 'hey ?ho? an la?
' ?>n to make ion i i >ns to
? the support ut their former ally.
Greeci linn in her refusal, but
, it is believed here there may be a
change in her policy uhen foi'ner Pre?
mier Veniseloi ?,,,?ser. He
ha- a itrong pro-German par*-, opposed
to him. however, and, according to ?
telegram from Berlin to night. King
i im the Premier?
ship only upon th.- understanding that
?ne' neutral ';. shall !"? maintained.
I.reece Hound (o Serbia a? All).
Thi? was ' i|""i w'hich the
King and M Ve igreed when
a new ?'.ii.iriet wai appointed *''?! Par*.
, 11.-.inent wa Ina nach m* IL
. Veniselo? m rted by the people
at a general election it '?<?- thought the
Kin*; ought fall into line, but the dis?
patch from Berlin indieatei he has r.ot
?fed hi- views. Should Bulgaria at
serbia, however, Greece is bound
; nort Serbia
as h?'r ally.
The d.'claration that Serbia's atti
toward the claim- <?f lUilgana was
, tu ver ha?l ad
,?... ?? i :.iy by
M. Boskovitch, Serbian Minister to
Londoi eeently put
? rd from au tivs Bulgarian
"Th . h iwn," M. Hoskovitch
f the Serbo Bul
r.tlL', in which Serbia
fit I [tit of Bul
. lying east of
the I. of mountains in
?i Rumelia, partly In Macedonia
ind parti) in Thrace) and ?he Struma
Rivei . which was made
.pon which
?he 1" ?? her pre-ent
in con aider
of pi,. eel offered
, which havi I ulfilled.
"Thi? latter fact, i " 'he
,. ??. ?? .r detri
? and th.? aid which we tendered
I the Bulgai ?di lanop.e, n<
of the
"Serbiaaccepted 'he Russian proposal
of arbitration, which had been provided
for ?i i d Bulgaria
appeared prepared to arbitrate, but un?
expectedly made an a'tack in June,
1913, thus precipitating the second Bal?
kan xvar.
"In company with our ally Greec?
we beat the Bulgarians back to their
old frontier.?," he went on, "and thus
g-i the Treaty of
Bucharest It is perfectly obvious that
this later treaty deatroyed ?he treaty
112 and with it Bulgaria's claim to
Memory of 191.1 I.infer?.
"It Is quite impossible to efface the
tragic record of 17?13 from history '>ur
sacrifices, forced upon us, were enorm?
ous. We now hold this territory by
! the double right of conquest and na?
tionality. Further, it must be remem?
bered that we now are obliged to re
a friend. Thus
important ?trategical considera?
tions for retaining our present posse?
"Any attempt to demand concession?
? an? are of
1 the Bulgarian race iti-r.'.j readers the
problem more difficult of solution.
Serbia never acknowledged th.s claim
anil cannot ?nter upon any discussion
baaed upon such an easiuaptiea. If
certain concessions were made upon
:. condition* it wool 1 be only for
j reason* of political ? l ?r.d in
order to assist the general cauieof the
Allies, for in our view it would imply
. a .surrender of part of Serbia and a
j population of Serb?.
"The existing deadlock call* for con
eessions on both sides. At present
Bulgaria wants to take all and **ive
i t-othita-,. ?he cla mi the mu.mum of,

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