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liiaiL. ..\ ?*iv?rii> jr<?_ il Mi .? - _?. ?^ v TS ^7' L Is She Spirit or Mortal??Mer Output Through Ouija Board Amazes Writers and Puzzles the Scientists?All the Centu? ries lier Field. jr^t* Mnaa ? ruf V, Ppsafl petaSBJ BaSS term her or imetiher i " ? Trrtom _,"'??* nert art L^a aben in ? r Ltaa?ar, i err moeunin? net ***** ese ? ng her ?mil "'? towr 'gcmirrrt tVC* Of I far SB f? Ml f?-i ?^ ? Iks leetarj genim? ?rer mgttftSUd ?'? '-?? flit it not to rtrav - ? n - em 9J tie fad thai PntmrmO* I artl *???? dictated j, ? St. 2>?"- srii??jaa? **?**?.'? 500,000 ^-2'. **J .'?rra?ure ??ki.-ft h c? rrra-rfr ?i? fr? lit quolitj a* rit fas-BB, fast /_i?4^r ^ttJ-/ trlfl* Bjf <V"*-/ *nK* ^P P0*' flrctu?h th* humble meJhnnt of a ouiia loarcl, nitrierte regarded e* a toe, ike Igt (Tiren tt the g* ? - <J play, uany p.Tf-ll CT..1 ' " I'*'* M r, . "; -a, ' rT",i~ ?cet rwihrrmcrrc. I OBS,a toar?-/ *?.?? t-^' r ? t?aee an/s m ont en ?npomamf m i, never be> n'a at * loe* fe* 1% her ienunu T?wy rrtft ihr tomcat ?'? reu (he rr?.* MMrtBSafj ?'? r? WKt ' tut* a* ta 11'm* a'ed tSStt She lit C?> 'm?a! Hm i? ai -' * ?,-y? ale ta i ? * the ?f. and .' ?f-rer hat failed to ieaccvra. ?, :n I - -? WS*. aed iti p?riple.. v ?ease ?r Scofc. afiaslrH fl* roes i ? ?? other mAi ?. ? ' ' " Bi erntt Yuytial" lancjuape remains eouttaui. Patience R pttraJra te I fron ??'?'? ? ' >''???* '??*. ?7o?Ya //. ? virar. 71 ?pveart that she be ' ' BBSS noria'? wii | ' BB-rSBB, irr.?-? u'flj astap /or ijrnux/*' BBB t* " to /irT. " 7Tir?? person,. Prr ll'orth" hat amaz<-<! nearly ? rj one trh') /ta* ,4*4*1 - ? ? ? ? r)a;e rn-* ' ' ' /?lit /?a.r eran/ o?.'/j / of h i, l'ai. ? '3 "-'??-i ^t* ?-?</ i,i/ a N. . -."d etrrrn! per ! Linn* art ?.,*/?/ prominence to her work. ihed ? , critic an r a? much uboui I' rth ax m>: i-aoxrs at pr?t " auii one it unlikc ?t t$ he ? i h a ca?en ? Jm He ha? de? voted mar,: fear* *' a brilliant life to iqhtin " ail form*. Et relief ..????? atd by reato* ? ? nral mental m dmrttii' ? f proof aqainst deliberate cam cone :? ' ' ' ? . ?? t**?xx-*ffiitn'.- - ? mwuvicaJioTji from t\t spirit of a ?uxtnan echa pasted cetUtmet eg ? romgh thr ehaM-ye ire -*-r ** dexith. By William Marion Reedy. THE cty o? St Loui? appear-? to have at preaeat a patr.n sa_at other than the canoruzed K.ng o? France. Her name ?* Psteace Won.-. E .-erybody here is Ulk Cf sirout her. No OBM .-ai ever seen her. On ? ereruj-g of Novembee 3 the Papyrus Club, o org-uuzatxa of local writers and artists, "???'?' ? finer .-. bei honor at which there *lre ?y> guests. The menu was decorated 2 l*10*-?' '"? e words and works of P*tci-e '?'. I ?oca] celebrities made ***?** ?bout her and her message. The ?*??ol her has spread abroad even u.nto Bos k^w!?ere I ' ? .n Prince, an emi e?t ptychologis*. er\twhile of Harvard Uni ???:ty, ;nve?x* gsted sr, with little satisfaction ??himself and less to Patseace harsell -?ome say ?he ?5 a spirit. Others that ? ? ? s figment of the subconsciousness of anotbei ?T . Uxtrirf lett are of the opinion that it ?eea.1 rrunet who or wr.at aba is; her utter T?r *" WU* Md trndcr *?nd k'e-????*M ***** nm that P,?erice Worth m the greatest llt. **** -.emu, St Louis has yet produced, har ,;nt n? '/ne ? ?he writing game in that me ^'i^eisthe.tr.r, , . . About mn iVj Mrv joh_ Hawtrd Curran Wife Immigration .._' Mrs c Bdsrin HutcUaga 1 ?*, f ted to amuse ? -lelve? um? a enija board while their 2??_! ' I IM "? ' 'hey ob ?"-?Wiro**, tb* boerd -?-.?ng but a few sen ^?ometin??-. sv,,. ? ' I =ime ,n,t " n from some i ? & ? . ?. realm heyend the world to the two ladies Then cne day the pointer on the board in re sp<-m..c to questions as to who wished to speak speUeci out P-a-t?P-a-t, and the ladies in ? u:red if it wi?s an Irishman who had some thing to say, when the replv came in the neg? t;ve. A little later the pointer I I) the board "celled out the name Pati-nce Worth. From that tirt-.e t.ll now the intelligence calling it self Potence Worth has continued to pour forth a stream of the most remarkable quality of literature that has ever come over the ouija boanl WHAT THE OUIJA BOARD IS. The ouija board is a board about two and one half ieet by one foot The letters of the alpha be* are pa nted upon it in two concentric BC9 cirdes, and the numerals fren one to zero ap pear or. a straight line beneath; in the upper l;ft hand corner appears the word "nay," and la the upper right hard corner the word "yea." The messages are spelled out by means ota small triangular shaped pointer resting upon three legs, shed tritt felt to prevent rasping on 'itching the board. At this hoard Bit! Mrs, Cuiran wilh arvbody who may be in* tereste-d enough to alt with her. The sit'c rest their fingers upon the triangular pointer "en it moves about among the Ic'ters? r,g out words with a mar?cl!, v.s rLp.d.ty. The operations ?re conducted in a par! fully lighted. Mrs. Curran is not blindfolded Anybc?dy present is at full 1 berry to make any investigaticns the situation may suggest or to ask any questions It make? DO d..:erenc; at what t'.rre Mrs. Curran and her vis-?-vr. s.t dotrn to the board; the pointer begins to Bash about and messages are reoe ved from Patience Wert1?. These messages are taken down by Mr. John Howard Curran and preserved in a record which now estends to nearly 5,00,000 wcrtis. Some of the most dstlnguished men and womc-n of intellect in the cty of St Lcui". have - -..-,? anf* af |],c brard and have ne ? ced Patience Worth on every question and over the siin. A.mong these Admirers Give ?inners in Her Hon? or, Yet None Is Able to Answer Simple Query, Who Is She?? Her Remarkable Quips of Conversation. Mrs. John !.. Curran, amanuensis for Patience Worth. The language is like no written '.angvrge with which any student of Knglish literature is familiar. It is Patience's own. The locu? tions are peculiar to herself. It is very fig? urative, -ometimes symbolic. The parable is a favorite form of expression with her. Her style is : ontinuo.-s stream of metaphors and simile?' None of her figures is far-fetched. For rer the visible word xividlv exists, and all her il'-jstraticn? are drawn from nature with a \e:y poignant simplicity. When >ve come to the "Sorry Tale" we get away from this so-called early En-;iish style and we tall into a measure which has a griver and gramler sweep and a more sonorous rhythm. For purposes of convenience one may call it a Biblical style, but one should not be held too strictly to that description or defi? nition. So far as any one has yet discovered there is nothing like this story, at least in English literature. There is no evidence of its deriva tiveness from the New Testament apocrypha. The old morality plays have been searched for some clew to the origin of the story, but they have yielded nothing. "A Sorry Tale" is an intensely personal expression of the per aonality called Patience Woith, as it re. f itself both in particularities and in general? ities through her other recorded utterances This is the marvel of all her work. To one well versed in literature the reading of it re? veals echoes of many things: but no one has yet been able, surely, to lay a finger upon any plagiarism of any one particular writer. PATIENCE IS A POET. Last February Mr. Casper Yost published in "The C'.obe-Demo rat." on four successive Sundays, a number o! poems, parables, prayers and a abort story or f.vo as coming from Patience Worth. These examples of her work and many others Mr. Yost has shaped into a book to be published? shortly after the holi? days by Henry Holt ?4 Co., of New York. The poetry is not rhyming poetry, but it is richly rhythmical. For a comparison to it we must turn to such writers as Walt Whitman, Edward Carpenter or some of our contempo? rary writers of free verse. But the like *'> 'W-'u Worth typewrite* h 1 mils "*rd, a popular ?imtiseniciit dex ice: inve*:?g2t rs have been ex-Governor Charles P. Johnron. a eilst nguiahed crins* inal la ver: Pr? fes? se: * Payne, professor of psy? chology in the St Lou?s Te-ar-.1. ers' Col? lege: C?-?; er .i. Yost. managing editor of "The Globe-Dem? ocrat"; many emi? nent medical and legal gentlemen, proiesscrs at Wash? ington University and indes of all kinds and dis? tinction that may be found in a com? mun, ty the S.2C o? St LcHjis. All are agreed that the com munic-tkin.. they have a e e n tran senbed from that board CCWatlinte a body of literature absolutely unparal? leled in the history of such manifesta? tions. I be intelligence which is always in readi ne?>s to respond to Mrs. Curran wastes no troe in answering fnvolous inquiries. No one has had from her any prophecy of the future. She has found no lost articles and reunited no estranged lovers. Often, though, she says tilings to inquirers which have pertinency only to things known to the inquirers but unknown to others around the table. She has been put through such a quiz as no one has been subjected to in this ry in the last decade of investigatonal " and "probes." She has been examined upon all the subtleties of philosophy, upon the mysteries of chemistry and physics, upon al ? every possible conception of life beyond tve, and she has given responses to those ? ns which are thoroughly con?.istrnt each with all the others. Perhaps 300 people in the last two years have sat with Mrs Curran and i ave put questions to the ouija board. Every one of these ?'.nversations has been recorded. I have read the complete record, and the as? tounding tiling about it is the impression one m from it of a thoroughly complete, con tent, fully rounded personality. I personality is a most attractive one. Patience Worth has wit and humor, acute ob ?, keen of character and a ? -ut.ful. tender, spiritual poetry To d tall: with her :* something like it must have been ,i'"'- witl1 Shelley. She is a mis ?btleties and uncannily wise in thll : ? ? et to catch her. So far - I rd shows she has never once con? tad erself. On the contrary, replying . ah. tO the s.ime ?juestion in variou? repeats 1 n a" :n elmoe. ex I wotds ? . , ? - ?-? bangs ?.i ? ? . ,.] irvi. ihr personality .|Kh the ouija board will - pu ir.e 10 4 reqnett 1 pr.i ont, ghtssl ' Ital on, poetry and POEMS BY PATIENCE WORTH War. AK thrnktrst thou to trick? I fain would pe>cp beneath the visor. A g<-'d of war, indeed! Thou litestI A masquerading fiend. The harlot of the universe? 'v*. ar. whose lips, becrirnsoned in her lover's blood. Smile only to his death-damped eyes I I rhallejigc thee to throw thy coat of mail. AK, Cirxd! Look thou her.** 'V ?!d, those arris outstr? '?rhed. That raiment over-spangle?-*! vvith a leaden rain' 0 Lovtt. trust her not! She biddeth thee in siren song And clotheth in a silken rag her treav 1 o mock thee and to wreak Her vengeance at thy hearl. Cast up the v?sot's skirt! Ihou'lt see the snaky strands. A >'><] of war, indeed! I brand ye as a lie I _a_4 ?1 afs Prayer? Vast blue above, wherein the angels hide I And rnoon, 1 fis lamp o' lovel And, cloud-fleece white. Art thou the wool to swaddle Him!-1 And doth Hie mother bide upon a star-beam That leadelh her to thee? 1 bless Thy name. And pray Thee keep my sire to watch full well His flock; and put a song in every coming day: My Tina's coo, and mother's song at eve. Good night, sweet night! 1 know He watcheth thee and mel I parables and short stories and epigrams?al! with .i peculiar personal quality, thoroughly consistent with everything in the records and evidently the expression of a personality thor ougnly at one wan itself in all its multifarious manifestations. 1 here are in manuscript two complete works of literary art; a third cne is in process of communication. The first is a ? play in six acts, called "Red Wing." It is a drama loc?->.ted somewhere in England, or per? haps in Scotland, about JQO ye^rs ago, or may? be earlier. It is a complete play, the characters dearly differentiated, m.ensely individualized ?md thoroughly consistent in every changing .-ituation of the drama. The setting; of the scenes reveals a wonderful clearness of visual i/anon. The description of the setting*. i* av minute as the like feature in the work of George Bernard Shaw, although not so pro? fuse. The characters come and go without conflict and the s'ory works out logically and ? ?'-utively to a beautiful conclusion. CORRECT LOCAL COLOR. In additiiui to this play there has been taken down a novel entitled "Telka." While the play runs to about sixty thousand words. "Telka" stretches out to about eighty thou?. ! "Telka" is a story of life in England about two hundred years ago. and it is thoroughly correct in all its local color. The characters have a reality ?rhicb is hard to describe, be? cause the author docs not describe them: they ?'csiribe themselves thoroughly in their ex - ion end in their action. Particularly colorful and racy of the soil ?ire the descriptions of the domestic life of the lower claSM "'? ?" of the scenes of '"I - hic *rt in the kitchen or in the barnyird. and the real.sm oi them is strih.ingly honcsl Brith <.ui dee-cent Into any ?<f the dieguetini '!<-? to which so m.?ny of our modern realists rs ? ?it for thcr strong eflect*-. 'Ttlka" is a I eautiful story, and it moves with a rem.iir. able swiftness through scenes of humor an ? 1 and pity to an CU lui'? which has in it -oine of the high quality that we find, let us say, in the work of Thomas Hardy. To pass from the reading of "Red Wing" and "Telka" to another work now being re* ceived is as much of a leap as, for example, that which we must make between "David Copperfield" ar.d "The Tale of Two Cities." Indeed, it is a much longer leap, for this third tale?which Mrs. Curran calls "Panda," but which Patience Worth calls "A Sorry Tale"? deals with incidents in Bethlehem and Jeru? salem under the rei?;n of Tiberius at the time of the birth of Christ. So far, about eighty thousand words of this tale have been taken clown. It has been communicated in sections, in sittings at the home of Mrs. Curran and in various friends' houses in St. Louis, in the tity of Washington and in Boston. No matter when or where Mrs. Curran sits at the board with another person, after the usual conversational pleasantries and a few special inquiries and answers on subjects in x.hi.h the inquisitors think they have posers tor Patience, ?here comes a pause and then ?oitic BOCh sentence as this: "Bake thou the loaf or "Set thou aweave," and then straight axxay, without any hesitation whatever, the story reels off in sections ranging in length from three hundred to three thousand word?. This story is told in a language which simulates somewhat remotely the language of the Bible. SHORT WORDS USED. The language in "Red Wing" and in "Telka" has no Biblical flavor whatever. In those pro? ductions the speech may be loosely called "early English." Seldom do we find a word of more th.in two syllables. The language is of no particular past time. It is made up of the lin lest root words that have been used as fai . ack as the time of "Piers Plowman" and earli? . t it ha no Latinisms or Norman 1 ms Many word arihaic. obsolete, or linger lag :n paititular provincial localities appear As they appeared they were looked up by students of philology, and never once has a xvord been found used wrongly. / ness is far from close. There is no imitation in Pa? tience Worth's lit? erary output. It is much simpler than either Whitman or Carpenter, not at all complicated by mod? ern forms of thought or expression. It remains always what we call archaic, al? ways highly figura? tive, often appar? ently obscure, but easily clarified by taking a little thought. It is al? ways full of pictures, and no matter how gross the subject matter in which she worki there is thrown over it an indescribable but not the less definite spiritual glamour or over-soul. I don't know that I can bet _ ter describe the pe? culiar quality of this verse than by saying that it carries with it an atmosphere of "other xxhereness." The touch of Patience's individuality is eerie, but not spooky. While her "note" is religious it is so in a large sense. Her faith is too ?arge for dogma or doctrine. Broadly she pro? claims a spiritual democracy attainable else? where from present conditions, as the buttertiy evolves from the chrysalis. Her description of the realm from which she speaks is not ma? terialistic. It is difficult to condense all she says, but one gathers that where she is there is life untrammelled and unconditioned. There is boundless knowledge and there is a union with the divine without the annihilation of the individual. SHE WAS A PURITAN. So far as we have been able to learn Pa? tience Worth says she lived somewhere upon the eastern shore of this country. She was a Puritan. She has expressed hatred for the Ind.ans. She has intimated that she helped build stockades against them, that she has chewed sheepskin to make wads for m.isliets. Once she was asked if she had been captured and killed by the Indians. Her reply gave her i'iterlocutcrs a flash of horror. It was: "Nay. worse." She describes herself here as not tall but short; eyes brown; she wore a cap with a crown and with nbbens on it; in her face tiere were lines caused by sorrow and not by laugh? ter. She says that a tree rises out of her grave and that one man now living, of her blood but not of her name, knows all about her. None of the investigators has been able to locate the date of Patience. She described herself on?:e .*.s a "russet." meaning a Rom ! hetd. She has given COOtesnptnooa and scorn (ul descriptions of Cavaliers. The name 1 Worth ?l quite common in records in Masvi ?Jiusetts and in Virginia. I asked her oree to give me some t?ong she had sung at home or in the chapel or meeting house, and she re? sponded with a verse in Scottish dialect. She haa used Scotticisms once or twice. And this ?S all -ve know positively about her thus far. 9 I vs she will tell more later. Curran, who has the lovable and pun iprightly Patience for a familiar, do?**?? ay that Patience is the spirit of a woman long dead. Neither does she say that Patience is not ?t name taken by her own suhconscious less DC personality. All Mrs. Curran will say 1 ? that she has the sense of being In touch -rsonahty of a very b.ight, charming and lovable being; that this personality, in her communications over the ouija board, hss never said or written anything but that con? tributes to the comfort and happiness, spirit? ually, cf all who have seen the message. A GOSPEL OF KINDNESS. All I know," says Mrs. Curran, "is that Pa? tience comes to me as instrumentality to 'un? pack a pack apachad of Him.' Her gospel is of loving kindness, universal and individual." I asked Mrs Curran how the messages came to her. She told me that she has a peculiar feeling as of a pressure upon her mind?upon her mind as distinct from her brain. She says tint the communications come in a combina? tion of vision and hearing. She sees things as ; Ictured and catches them as a sort of unheard sound, which comes with s peculiar best or rhythm. Sometimes she has the vision before the pointer spells out the words on the let? tered lines. She does not know exactly how to explain her method of reception of the mes? sage, but it is in a sense independent of the ouija board. The ouija board seems to be sim ply the easiest means cf transcribing what she receives in a combination of visualization and audition. Of course, the Spiritists insist that Pa tience is a d.scarnate spirit. Of course, Ro? man Catholics and some others maintain that she may be a spirit, but if so she is a spirit not at peace and abroad to no good end Other* ins.st that Patience gives off what she gets ir m the individuals around the board when she is communicating, and then there are the psychologists, who hold to the t.eory that everything that Patience Worth gives off has been ta':en into Mrs. Curran s subconscious? ness in some way. Mrs. Curran is a very charming woman of about thirty. She was born in Mound City, 111., has lived in St. Louis and Chicago and in the ??:ark region of Southeastern Missouri. She li.^s had a high school education and lias studied music and taught it. She is a woman o? intelligence, but not apparently of super-in? telligence. She would not be classed as a "highbrow." She has none of the stigmata of so many psychics. She is spontaneous, blithe, girlish-matronly. She has read the ordinary literature that a woman in middle class life would ordinarily read?the standard novel?. BC n.e of the standard poets, some of the lat? ter d?y "test sellers"?but she has no partie ular knoxvledge of any literature that is archaic in charricter. She has not been a great reader of the Bible. and she knows nothing much more than the name of Chaucer or Langland. She never heard of Caedmon or Beowulf until their names were brought out in questionings for the origin of the Patience Worth writings. Neither her father nor her mother was or is literary in any distinctive sense; certainly, neither of them ever specialized in early English. Every line of investigation which promised to lead to something that would account for Patience Worth by evidence of an unconscious acquisi? tion of the kind of language used by Patience Worth has led to nothing. So far as known, rx.rs. Curran has never been placed anywhere where she could have absorbed the language of Patience Worth or anything remotely resem? bling it. About three week?, ago Mrs. Curran, at the instance of some friends, went to Boston to visit Professor Morton Prince. The viait amounted to nothing. Mrs. Curran sat with Professor Prince at the ouija board and Pa tience disported herself in perfect character there as elsewhere. She laughed at Professor Prince when he tried to trap her, saying that he was trying to measure a smoke that would drift awhither under his hand. When Professor Prince wanted to hypnotize Mrs. Curran and sidetrack her consciousness, according to his theory, so that he might get into her subconsciousness as the abiding place of a personality of hers calling itself Patience Worth, Mrs. Curran refused to submit She ??aid that she did not want to surrender her will to that of another person, being unassured that such another person might not suggest to her aabconeciessa personality explanations which would destroy Patience Worth. She ?eared that in some way submission to hypno *.s might put a stop to the message of beauty and love that she has been receivinj, and so the visit to Professor Prince ended. The mystery remains. And Patience gossps and smiles and sings and weaves away at her 'Sorry Tale." Inder Mrs. Lurrnn's much it writes "spirit" literature and ntessa<te<.