Newspaper Page Text
The Irish Revolt
p Bv Francis Hackcit. .mrtrsy ot "The S'eu- Repub'',- " "lt miy be ? frood \h\rtg to forsjft and forgrive; but -t 1*4 (.Hofrctlicr too easy ? trick to forpet ?nd be forjpven." 4", K. 4 hcererton. m "Thc ? rimea . | 1- -szland." lftr; WHEN a rebellion ha* failed men say it was wicked or fooliah. It is, on the contrary, wickcdncss and folly to judge in these terms. If men rlae against au thority the measure of their act cannot be loy alty or prudence. It i? the character of the authority against whieh men revolt that must shape one's mind. No freo man t-cts an ulti mate value on his life. No free man sets an ultimate sanctioa on authority. Is it just au? thority, reprcscntatve, tolerable? The only revolt that is wicked or foolish is the revolt against reasonable or tolerable authority. If authority is not livable, revolt ia a thousand times justified. The Irish rebellion waa not prudent. Its lmprudence did not weigb with the men who took to arms. Had hope inspired them they would have been utterly insane. But hope did not inspire them. They longed for sucress. ?hey risked and expeeted death. The only con r-equence to us, wrote Padric Pearse before action, ls that some of us may be launched into Sternity. "But who aro we, that we *hould hc itate to die for Ireland. Are not the claima of Ireland greater on us than any personal ones? F it fear that deters ub from such an enterpri?e'' Away with such fears! Cowards die mary times, the brave only die once." To strike a decisive blow was the a5piration of the Irish rebels. But decisive or not. they made up their minds to take action before the govern? ment succeeded in attaching all their arms. In this rebellion there was no chance of ma terial victory. Pearse. MacDonagh, Connolly, Clark. Plunkett. O'Rr.hilly, 0 Hanrahan. Daly. Hoheon, (asemer.t. could only hope against hope. But their essential objective was not a boldiery. It was an idea, the idea of unpro tested Eng'ish authority in Ireland. It was to protest aga.rst the Irish nation remaining a Crown Colony of the British Empire that these men raised their republican standard and un? der it -hed their blood. In the first process of that revolt few cf them were irnrnediately sac riticed. Their fight was well planned. They made the most of their brief hour. But when they were captured the authority they had op po$e<l fulfilled their cxpectations to thc utmost. Refore three army officer?, without a legal defender. each of the leaders was condemned by court martial. Their rebellion had been open. Their gullt was known and granted. They met, as they expeeted to meet. death. The insurrection in Ireland is ended. A cold tribunal has finished by piecework the tasV that the soldiers began. The British Empire is still dominant in Dublin. But ruthless and remorseless behavior sharpens thc issue be? tween authority and rebellion. Even men who naturally condemn disorder feel impelled to -?crutinize the authority whieh could deliber ately dispense such doom. If that authority deserved respect in Ireland, if it stood for justice and the maintenance of right, its exac tion of the pound of flesh cannot be questioned. It does not represent "frightfulness." It rep ,-esents stern justice. Its hand should be uni versally upheld. But if. on the other hand. English authority did not desorve respect ir. Ireland. if it had forfeited its elaims on thes" Irishmen, then there is something to be made known and said about the way in whieh this Empire can abuse its power. Between the Irish people and English au thority. as every one knows, there has been ar, interminable atlllggle. A tolerable solution of this contest has only recently seemed in hight. The military ullOOBlty of England has 0-f itself precluded one solution, the complete indepen dence of Ireland. The desire for self-govern ment in Ireland has opposed another solution. complete acquiesrence in the union. Between these two goal? the stniggle has raged bitterly. But human beings cannot live forever in profit :ess conflict. After many years the majority of the English people took up and ratified the Irish elaims to self-government. In spite of the conservative element in England and the British element in Ireland, the modus rit-rvdi ot Homc Rule was arranged. lt is the fate of this rnode* l il tndi, accepted by the majority of mo<bi<> rivondi, accepted by the majority of Irishmen as a rcisonatle commutation of their elaims, that explains the recent insurrection. These men who are dead were once for the mo'=t part Home Rulers. Their rebellion came about as a sequel to the unjust and dishoncst hand ling of Home Rule. For thirty-fivc years Homc Rule has been an issue in Greal Britain. Th" majority 4>f the British people I ipportad (.ladstonc during many Homc Rnl The lower house of Parliament repeatedly passed the measure. The House of I.ords, however. turned a face of stone to Ireland. I* Icily rejected Ireland's offer to compound her elaims. This in eilable attitude proved in thc end so monstrOUfl that English I.iberalism revolled. lt threw it< weight against the ligid body that de. ied it. It compelled the Ib.use of l.ord- to BCCept the Parliament act, u.- scheme for drcumventing the peers* veto. Then. three times ir, >ucees sion, it passid the Home Rule bill. Every one knows what happened. During the probation of the bill the forces that could no longer avoid it constitutionally made up their minds that they would defeat it uneonsti tutionally. Men left the House of I.ords and the Bovee of Coi East ern Ulster. These. aot the Irish. were (ler many's prima.v a;,..- ta the British Isles Cannon. machine guns and riiles were shipped to Ireland. leecendant of the implanted Ireland ws l_arge number wei recruited armed. The Ulstei leaeJtri pieaded they wen loyal, but they in I ted that the 1 England di I : could not apeak ''or the empire. The on;-. English authority the] ognized 4va- an .lutlmnty like-mindcd to them i?hes. !?? i '? ;V "',1' l,or<l LaodoBderr) and Lord Abercorn and l.ord (i f, MOV1ES THAT MIGHT HAVE BEEN LUCY TAKES HER PAIL IN HAND AND COES,SINGINC,TO THE SPRINGS OF DOVE. "PLL HAVE YOU, CIRL! YOU HEAR!" HISSED SWIFTON WILDE, THE LIBER TINE, TO LUCY. "HAVE A CARE, JOHN BLAKE! RE MEMBER! I HOLD THE MORTGAGE ON YOUR FARM!" VI-SHE DWELT AMONG UNTRODDEN WAYS. By WILLIAM WORDSWORTH and ARTHUR U. FOLWELL Pieture Scenario by C. B. Talls She dwelt among untrodden ways, Beside thc Springs of Dovc, \ maid whom there were two to prai-e. And, likewise, two to love. The first was rirh in lands and gold, In cars and gasolene; A youth from fashion's finest moulH, But ah! A libcrtinc! Thc seeond was a lad of toil. From dawn till fall of dew: A tiller of some mortgaged soi!; Butah! So good, so true! ()ne tnorn came Lucy to tlie -prin^T. Untrodden ways among; Take wing, O sombre care. lakc wing! A lilting song she sung*. Came, also, in his limousine, As soft as flight of bird, Young Swifton Wilde, thc libertine; Fair Lucy's songhe'd heard. With pussied feet he trod the path Beside the Springs of Dovc, Nnd then, despite her mounting wrath, Told Lucy of his love. She spurns his gold, and starts to go? "I'll have you, ^irl! You hear?" She screams! Again! Anrl then a blow Puts Swifton on his ear. Ile rises, ranting', to his feet, And thcrc beholds?well, who Could make this pulsing scene complete Who bul thc lad "so true"?* "S<> ho. John Blakc.'* laughs Swifton then, "So YOU'RE the luckyguy! Rcmemhcr. happiest of men, ".Our mortgagee am I." "What does hc mean?" fair Lucy cries, As Swifton beats rctrcat; And Blakc to hide foreboding tries With: "Nothing; nothing, Sweet." But something, something IS at hand. Though John beseem composed; Yea; on his chattels, house, and land. The mortgage is forccloscd. \ cruel vengeance, Swifton Wilde, To wreak on those who love? For shame! And Lucy hut a ehild Beside the Springs of Dovc! A ehild? A ehild perhaps in years. But not in wisdom's store; She soothed her John. and calmed his fear: With love?and something morc. For soon, in bottles, galion size, As clever Lucy planned, With Dovespring Water John supplie A nation-wide demand. A chemical analysis Well demonstrates its worth; And Doctors write: "Dear Madam, this Best water is on earth." Meanwhilc, j>oor Swifton's cup of woe Is mounting to ihe brim; He thought them down and out; and OH! The difference to HIM! \RE WOMEN PEOPLE? By Alice Duer Miller 1 hc Code. "'We -.omen am no-. auppeee*. te ba -.aaaeraea, ! kno-v." Anti-suffra;:- p??e_ I.adies. true to the tr.ad.tion Of the ny and the oak, Never make tbe dark admission Thal you see ,-, jok< I.aupii nnd mile, i"1' that'i bcguiling. lt thc teeth sre apt il Bol not Imowing wh* you'n amiling - That'a trui womanhood llumnr must remain I itranger To the loving female mind. If we WOO-d svoid all ilancer Of i thooghl nnkind. ( hivalrj a ould go to Hades Very, verj quiddy tben. Men mav laagh d u> poor Isdies; We must nol sl im ii NOT PERHAPS so VEW l l NNY. "We women are not suppoaed to be humoroua, I know, but even tho rr'"*' Berioua of us are obliged to smile when weaakouraelvea:Who will do our woric when we are doinp men's?" The contril mr who calls our atten? tion tn tois paragraph irom an eleven ! ear-old sufTnge ipeeefa asserts that not only can she read tho question without unfeminine hilarity, but that, after a ; ear in Europe, she can answer it. Who will dn our work when we M* doing men's? We will. !>(> VOU KNOW That in Berlin nearly 900,000 women arc at work in BUCfa ocnipations as dig ging the subway. driving taxicabs. serv ing u conducton on stnetcan and rleaning the streets? That in Parifl women are being em nloyed in garrisons in the place of sol? diers of the auxiliary service? That in Kngland 400.000 scientificalL trained women have been called on as sgricultural recruits? That Uoyd George has said: "With women victory will tarry. and the victory whieh tarrics is the victorv whose footprinta arr footprint.. of blood"? WOMEN LOSINfl l\Ti;R.7.ST. Under this headline a etrtain news paper recountcd the facl ihat in Ch - cago a decrease had oocurrad in the women's votc.s land a largor deerease in the men's vote.s) this year as compared with last; that. in fact. an aldermanie election is not as interesting to the vot rrs a.-- thc election "f a Mayor. StartHng Re\rlation. How LegiiUlion Ii Conducted in Norwar, Au? tralin. California, lllinoi* and Many Othe Statei. "Reader. have you ever seen a mat. driving a pair of spirited horses with hi? little daughter litting beaide him-* She says, 'Papa. let me dwive the pwetty horses.' And he puts the reins into her ehubby hands. But he at onee passes his arm around her and holds hia hands very cloae to the reins. When they come to B dangerous piece of the mad or are about to meet a team his fingtrs close upon the reins and the child ia no longer the driver. So in any itate or country that adopts woman sufTrag-. -'i long as no more serioua question ta mvolved than a choiee between John Doe and Riehard Doe (both estimable citt /.ens) for an otfice. the votes of womci may be east and counted. But when any serious crisis occurs they will be simply bruihed aside and the question decided by ihe only power that can maintain the deciflion?a majority of men."?The Rlank Cartridge Ballot, by Rossiter John son. f.ovc S-mnets of an Anti-Suffragist. III. ti) h:?. mvr. sujgestinc, a congeniai, topic. l oDir, Mabel. let us spend a pleasant hour Telling what silly ereature* women are. Will riot that he delectahle, my Flower, Mr Angel-Princess, Queen aud (iuiding Star? Come. let m two Olvrnpians be gay. Jestiag about your sex'?i lack of truth. Their r<iwardice. thei' vanitv, the way Tbe? eiinp. though aged. to the garb of routh; Their mental powers. charming, but ab*.urd. Their inability to do or pian: .nd then, my dar\ing, ran may my vour ?a..r.l ln }>.-ai* ol lh?l i ? ? tt ition, Man Whnt'f thnt vou MJ . That nol all men are great? Vour thought. rm Mihel. savor* of _.ex-hate Faith without Hope (Continued from firtt column.) Willoughby t\h Broke and Lord Robert' ?nd .Sir Edward Carson and Bonar I,aw to sdviei arn! atimulate rebellion. Eome of the nest Britiah generals in the army, to the de light of Ger? many, were definitely available as leaden. A provialona! government, with f'arson as iti Premier, was arrar.ged for in l.-Jl. Tho I;'nionist and Orange organiza tions pledged themselves that under no conditions would th-y acknowledge a Home Rule government or obey its decrees. In 1912 the Solemn Ceveaaahn pledged thems"!ves "to refuse to rerogni*.? it? authority." During this period the goverr.. ment negotiated, but took no action. Then were no N'ationalist under arms. If free men have a right to robol, how ra* any one gainsay Ulster? It was the I contention that Home Rule would be unreason able, intolerable. and unjust. This was i prophery, perhaps a nataral b | , prophecy. But it i ? Mary to debate the Ulster rebellion. Il wai a hard heriu-*? of England's rrime against Ire... enough to say that Engliah authority ref used to abandon the Home Rule msaanre, ar,d h April, 1914, Mr. Asquith prcarfood *.o vir.dicat. the law. The British League for the support of Ulster had sent out "war calls." The Ulster Ur.io-.is'. Council had appropriated 15,000,000 for volun? teer widows and orphans. Arms had bcajr, landed from America and, It was esi i. fror. Germany. Carsori had refu*.r * t.ate" any further. His mobiiization in 1914 I'ecami ominous. The government started in SawTma troops to Ulster. The King intervened. Mr. Balfour inveighed agafaiat the propn?aI to um troops. The army eOBSnlted aith 'arior.. Generals French and Ewart resigned. About this pc-iod, with Asquith snd Birre" failing to put F.ngland\s pledpes to tha proof, the National Volunteers at !as* were behagW ganized. Mr. Asquith tempor ?-. At his bebeet John Redmond peremptonly ai sumed control of the Volunteers. Their _* lected leader was Profeoeor MacNei!'., a fore most spirit in the non-politica! Gaelic rrvival. There was formal harmony ur.til the K :ropf?n war was declared. when Mr. Redm """1 r-ought to utilize the Xational Volunteers for reeruit ing. This move made definite the purely na? tional dedieaticn of the Irish Voln Four events occurred ln rapid loeeessise tn destroy thc Irish Voltmteere' confidence ii Eng!i-h authority. Theoe an ->' and yet events over wMch the Iriah Volun? teers i-ould have no control. On J.ry 10. 1914, armc! Uletei Volontawi marehed throagfa Belfsst, snd E I Careoa heid the i ting of his pn rhbml government. On July 29, 1914, the Bril four persons and erounded lixtj | .-ause rowdiea had I Dublin. subioquent to their fi | intercept Irish Volunteer arm*'. On Septemher 19. 1914, the Ro_M B was s'gned. but ita operation ride'" pended. In May, 1915, Sir '" : member of the B: ' ' inet. These eventi wi mond. He ha.i and put his ttitsi paying the price i decreed. The < not so troatin**. had heard Aacpiitfe proeniee the would be pi bari?ai:ie,| for I ? Tl he woaM ' '?'? him aanetion the deftanl mander I the denant rivil leade* as a minister of tl I '.' ? i the rttai nieBMirj of Bril 7.ens o-7 tbo | reo- - Di '? lin. they dtWW thei* eondoeions as to English honor. They ha<. no hnpolss to reeruit for the defOMO ?n a* Centinent of an mpire thttl bonorsble, Thr" looked baeh on the evfl history they hsd h***' ready to forget. They prepared to -'.rike and to die. Irishmen like myself who believed b fa*u~ Role and dishelieved in revoial agrr<? with this spirit. We thought Booth-fl Ireland might persuad" Ulster r\ thoOgM Engli-h authority was poeslbly week and shifty, but benign. We did not w;-h ' Ireland, in the words of Professor MacN'eil!. go fornicating with Germany. When our brothers went to the EttropeM wa*- WO took England's gratitude as hear' tff lf" pentance as deep. Our history wai cne ?* forcible conqucst, torture, rapi I "??* ser.ience. ignorance, poi we listened to G. K. CI men ir. relation to maananimo ' I "'' was ro doabt whether ore wen the hen of her garmi All the deeper, then, tbe ?.i "rom the execution of our men They were guilty of r>-b ' so wai De We* in Boath Kl I a. I to have been ? militai ? . th of the I >ul l \ arhl -h had i taotiated with rebela in tl whi h had sUoared tbe retenl ? r. whieh had ;? ? the Ca could not inar!; an el of brave men whoee proepeeti it had ri md ' igh snd I ably raspended. But th:- : erlngtag and sapine, an ? ? .mgh to slay one imprisoned r.'he1 sfter I ' ? ' did so in the name of "j'.is'ie." the judff this rebellion being oAeen of tl had refused to stand Bgainst '? Ulster. It is not in vain, bewover, that these and Gaelic scholars and repabticani 9m* itOOd blindfolded to le ihot hy l diers. Their verdict Ofl English sutl rity "*** scarcely in fault. They estimated with j-*' contemptaoosneei th" Umper ? whose yoke Ireland \o** to endure. Until thal n '"' land. by the fullilment ol rnaniory of thia ' te-t.bes sadly but heroieally that there ara .-ul! Iri.hmen wbe lannot be wld OVOf ^* i-our.ter, Iri.-hmen who set no ultimate sar.ctiOS er. a disbonesl sathority, Irishmen who letai ultimate value on their merely mortal livea.