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3Xem gork Jribunc
Flrat lo laat?lha* Truth: No-an?Etlitoriala Adaertisementa. M M> .*, JlLl tt, ??* , ' > v._ Ted > 4 - ' ' .fiaphrvnf. Baaaaaaa ... Val.l e-Jtalda . -a ' ' . I >rar ... ?.a? r>3ii\ 4 > . ! ?' a*p 1.AIIT ONLT * ? 4 VI V rV *?? "NLT a. Ona tatmti 1 "aVOi ., a- * ... 1 . - ? n-_ | ? ai s.*.vn_ Claaa 4'. Mlltfr You ran pur h.ix* rr.erchandiie ad4crti*-e(l m TBE TRIBl'NE with abeolate eafetjr?-fei if diaaatiafarlion reanlta m ?*?*.*?' (:>k'' T1IK TRIBI M. Kuara.ilei? to pa> >our money ba.k up?n reajaeat So r?d tape, bo gaibbliag. *?*>< make t-ood promptU If Ihe a.i3 rrt i*.. r de. a not. Pervert-ed Idealism. Writera, liki Ben *?. who are always praiainf tha i i aliam of the .,ii mind in contraal with the ao-called Mntim4 ?'? nnd alleged moral hjpocT - ?' ' Bt ? -? ? ' '" : Uttle ln the rwtnl Ipeech cf the Kaiser to back up their argum. \ts. V. hen the perpe trators of "frightfulness" in Belgium and ad the pro? of a Manda ?? I eiril ted world by aaying thnt such thir_r*- woro "nc-ccssary."' their defence. however unconviucing. was a cha'.lenge which the unromantic Shavian ir.tellect might understand But when a ri.ler. ongaged in the most murdcrou? war the world has ***** known. claims for his ad tho ttnetion of Christ's teachin-r. pertifftl in this enliehtened age ln laffardii | I inatlf as the agent of the Almighty, am! | ?rge his soldiers ughly" th< ? ? *y oi k\ of their al life." Mr. BhaWl carirature of Iward Gray, the poaeur, fades into jn .? th the Kaiser's , ipeech il the w < preetad in the rarrei I narabar of "The Atlantic Monthly" iy AlihttT I phtf Benson, the Eng? liah writer, hima hirtn nni\ tl the son of a former , arehbiahop. He says: "II -arill be (iv. | I to see what effect th.- war will have on cur rent eonceptloi itianttf ... 11 I myse.f feel so . *!ie point that the only hope of civilization liea in the eruahii - branch of the ag_--. my that I am | ronsider whether I am entitled to cal! myself a ( hristian honestly an.l aincerely. lf non ? principle of Christian not a Chris I feel that this war has put Chriatian prii I the sever PSt ? them ... I expect rha' thottghtful paople will be fon | whether a , its life so largely on the aecumulation of wealth can continue to believe thal it is in any real serise <'hristianizcd." Mr. Benson has at least the courage to situation as it ia M art poople ? . With them - same question. But no such s.'lf-ar.alysis is ovident at Berlin. To many peopie the pro''. !sm of the K -Uical. It is not B imarck in the miJst of his mocl rathleaa campaigna never could ' l between his policy of "Blood and Iron" nnd the toach.- 'rnon on the Mount, of the moat cruel tyranta in history, the Emperor Cbarlee V, hava been able to keep tho most child-like piety com pletely insulated from all contact with con rrete realit} r daily conduct. Empor-r WUUam'l recent talk simply i.'vi-als him as a well kflOWn typ?' of sei.ti nentaliat He ia s.? obaeaaed by certain abstraet ideal of the "divine mission of the Stata." the supremacy of "kultur," the ab?*olute nature of "duty." "gl<>ry" and "honor" that he can aee nothing un-Chns tian in aacrifldng to these idols everything human and nal. It is thii same sort of mad ideal w< r-hip. derived from al tionilta like Kar.t, Hegel nnd Kichte, rather than I as many Americans imaglne. from Hielaaiihe. that has lod the whole Prussiun war party astray and thrown their onduct ->ut of adjustment to the human world around them. It was out of uuch upside doWfl id.alists that Ibsen con.-Uructed the villains of his plays, Hnd the surprisn.g llnng is that Bernard Shaw, ?harp-eyed thinkar that he is, does not ? once who is the colossal, self-deludtd idcalist in this conflict. Our Amateur Navy. Thirty dollars and a reasonabiy sea worthy stomach are all that are required to yield an amateur sailor a month of rare i fu*afanng ?gpar.MMe ifl the Naval Volun teers cruise, which start. un August 15. The Kentucky and the Maine, second line bat t!eahij>?, will carry the volunteers from this port. Other ships will start fTon Portland, Me.; Boston, Newport, Philadel? phia, Norfolk aad <harles_on, N. C. The whole fleet will gather in Chcsapeake Bny for a week of target practice, beginning August ..7. Then* will be plenty of variety in the work offered, and by comparison with the trench dig?.cr? of Plattsburg constant ex citement ar.d thrills. Coal passing and 1 ftoking, for instance, are expressly tn- I _K>oed. Cun drills, sig*ia!!ing, small-boat 1 work, fire eontrol nnd torpe.lo defence ar. : parts of the daily instrurtion. The rra !- 1 uate of the cruise, with Rear Admiral ' Uelm's ccrtificate in his hand, may not be I exactly fitted to pnee n qunrterdeck, but I he will havo the Mtiafactkw of knowingi' that he would be of very real aid to his country i:i time of nc*?d. Perhaps the most latflflTflfltillg feature nf the crmi-e will l>? tho ma>l?iUw?ti4>ii o4 yachts and motor boat." ifl the last week. Several hundred are expected to take part from their various home ports along the COMt .lust bOw vitaliy buportflJll these craft can be in time of war as n patrol service the yachtsmer, of Knpland ean testify. So-mting. patrollinp, f-ignalluig, piloting and ohartir.g wil! flfl amonp tho subjeots taught. These auxiliary sailor men promise to contribute a very needed o'emctit ifl the country's defence. Likfl the voluntoer.-* Ofl the battlcships, the*" wi!i have the knowledge of service well done ifl "addition to the pleasure of the liest of vacations. The Memory Test. An interesting psyehologicai experiment was conducte.l * in Justice Greonbaum'l court in eonne-ctJon with tho famous "'wire tappir.g" case. A detcotive who had "lis tflnod in" upon certain much disputed tele? phone convorsations was asked to demon strato Um acouraoy of his evidence by tak? ing down a report of a telephone conver sation arranged under the direction of the court. This test showed that his memory was Mtoniflhingly inaoeuratc. .*--uch a piece of judicial psycho-nnalysis DMy nr may not ha>*e a material bearmp on the trial of this cas-*-, but it affords an illustration of the genera! fallibihty of the human memory. According to psyeholo prsts thore is no such thing as a strictly accurate memory. Vhe normal mind does nol ncord anything precisoly as it hap pened. Peopie ofUn speak of memory as if the mind wore a sort of passive phono praphic record upon which events were mochanically traced. On the contrary, memory is an active process of seleetion and reorpanization. Details aro passed over in oblivion or of? ten changed or supplied ifl order to em phasize the point cf greatest inter.-st. Memory is always mere or less creative, tuiildinp up whole trr.ins of thoupht out ->f the merest suppesCons. What is r>* r-alled varies with different individuals; r.ot only as to vividness, but ifl spite of t.he most honest intentions, the contont of what is remembered varies accordinp to pach person's interests. experience and training. Most peopie are also aware in others. if not in themselves, of a similar variation if the memory at different times in the same individual. It would seem that we jll contribute too much to our perceptions to permit any of our ideas to be exaet r-opies of tho thinps which happen. With ve'-yone exhaustion, excitoment, precxist np ideas and expeetancy have thoir effect in distortinp mental impressions. The true test of a good memory is not the ability to reeall a nrass of irrelevant i.-tails. but a sense of the relative im? portanee of thinps and the power V, se leet. and retain those phases of an event ivhich are most sipnificant. War nnd Books. The English Association has v.eon in -uirinp into the fortunes of literature ander the influence of the war. The re? sults it considers nsost encouraginp. The British, it finds, both at tbe front and at iome, have more leisure and lou various tvays of spending it than ir. times of peace. At the front this war hfll thus far oeen ?mo of inaction, of waitinp. rather than of -onstant fiphtinp. The men in the trenches must ocrupy thoir idlc hours in some way. The hospitals have lonp strotehos of com parativo leir-'ire; convalesconts, physicians and nurses alike must. find diveraion. Tho first expoditioi.ary army was <riven *o tho mouth organ rather than to litera ture. Kipling's Soldiers Three were not intorested in books. They were not of the class that reads; nerther were their offi-, eerfl. The military caste is not bookish, i-xeept professionally. and not even that in all countries. as events have proved. But with tho creation of a citizen army, with the onlistincnt of all kinds and conditions. of m.n in the Briti.-ah forces, with the be stowal of commissions upon the best of them, all this has been changed. The de? mands for books from the front have been "amazingly catholic" books on flfltrofl* omy, presumably from airmen; Anglo Saxon dictionaries. Latin prammars, the Loeb classics, poetry?Wordsworth lead inp, and with Rupert Brooke a preat fa? vorite, of course; Blue, Yollow and oth>*r books, histories of Europe, works of geo-, graphy. And Mulvnirey. I.earoyd and Ortherls have taken to fietion, "Monte Cristo" lead? ing all others in popularity with them. They call it "Monte Carlo," but what of that? Has not Mr. MacKaye's tercente-( nary masque passed into the eonsciousnes.-, of the mass of the community as "Cfllla han"? What bookseller cannot match these tortured titlos with others even more giiitoflquii flmonsj the repponadly lettered? The war bepan with many laments over the coming extinction of literature?one more prophecy already disproved hy thfl .ourse of events, like that of the hank ruptcy of Europe within a year. Whether this renascence of the reading habit, ?specially this momentary interest in bottor things, will outlive the return of peace remains still '.c be seen. It would seem to be largely a question of econ-mie romiitions after the war. Mental and --motional states of mind are readily sloughed off under changed circumstances. Prosperity rrray cause a return to the i*asier ploasures of life abandcnerl under ?stress of circumstances; hard times may force a continued and increasinp adter ?nce to the least expensive of a'.l Ijxuries. .vhich is books. The only precedent we have on which to rSuild anticipations is the case of Frinoe nfter 1871. The French peopie turned its :>ack on the fevered, pleasure-seeking spirit of the Third Empire; it stayed at mme and read. The conclusion of peace was the beginning of the great prosperity | the French publishers. It also brought tO the front that galaxy of preat authors ?*.ho led the world's literature almost to the end of the century?a leadership that erded Ifl ? doeadonco the reaction nga'nst which had onlj just gained linpetui when thia new aml greater war broke out, Englnnd. at tbe front and nt liome. ii reading what is , ndurini*. and tfl the liter ature of power. of emotional appeal, of high thought and higher aapiration ll addi a new-born interest in the liUrattir" of JLiiuwledni What of t-. morrowl Will ihe nation return to its WOnted divcra-'ons. anprofltable and eOftly, or will it continue in Uie MliOttl BOOd of t..-day? And will lt, side by rride with thii iwriral ?f the claaaiea, raise up a new ireneratioii of rnas ters. a.. France did. without landing .n a sl<>ugh of natnraliam, like her? Time will tell, The fact remaina *hat thii literary revival, even if it bo only mo nier.tary. cannot fail to leavi* its |_fl ,leep upon the nrind and oul of England. It ia some compenaatioi) for her .-a rHi.'.s. rrafferinga and loaat a. / "La Gazettc de Hollande." Not the le___1 importanl of the foreign papers which reaeh our deek in tii.se days of 1 irope'a gradual transformation ia the bilingual "Gaxette de Hollande." revived in 1 i> 11 by its preeefll editor, an aceom pliahed journaliat, Jonkheer 0. van Bere steyn. Pro-Ally, this sonu wookly ia as re? liable in ns newa reporta as it is outapokaa in its opir.ions. I'rom its columns one can glcan the main currents of rvt-nt* in Hol? land between two iiies. alert to maintain her neutralHy and ind ipe idence. But it is of tbe history of this historic ?heat that we would ipeak for the moment. lt is of direc: intereat to all Americans. and to New Yorkers most of all. because in the days that. tried men'l souls Iti edi? tor. Luzae, was in .onstatit and close cor-; nspondence with forerunners and Fathersi of the Republie. From 1784 till the early years of the ninetcenth century nearlyi every number of the "(iazette" conuined its "lettre de New Vork." or Boston, or: l'hiiadelphia, many of the tirst, Mr. van teyn raggeata, written by the Dutch, clergymen then residfiit here. It is his ? tion that some member of our Hol? land Society might find valuable material on this side for a monograph on the con-| nection of this early Dfltch newspaper with the American Kevolution. But there is more. No penodical of the seventeenth and cig-htoerth centuries is m-.re freely quoted in contemporary me rnoirs and by historians than this "Ga Eette de Hollande," the unofficial organ of reign diplomatista then stationed nt The Hague, and of their sovereigns as well. Catharme II wrote for it. and so did Frederick the Great. Th.. French Foreign oi!',!'.. attached the greatest importance to ita news, wherefore to-day the best collec-| tion of "Gazettes" in exieteoce is found in the I' And yet, I ? peaking, there never, wai a "Gaaette de Hollande" in Holland | until its appearance four yean ago under| its present management. It never was published und. r thal naifee, which merely became a eoi ? ? of claeeiftcation and ftling ia the French Foreign office. All the gazettee then puhliabw Vd the I.ow Coun-j trics, of which, to give it its nal name, the "Nouvallea 1 natrei de Diveri En droits" was the most important, were bun dled together and labelled "(iazette de Hol " --the "Dutch Mail,*1 I peak. The paper novor waa what it has often been held to have been?a social scanda! monger. lt was the "Times" of its day, a woighty influence in Europc's public af faira. That its fame should have come down to us under a name that never was its own is a cunosity of the history of journal ism. For thf sake of the record, it must be adde 1 that during the < losing years of the Third Empire Alphonae Karr, Sainte Beuve and some others founded in Paris an opposition journal which was called "La Gatette de Hollunde." It exiated for only two years. ADAIR OF CARRIZAL. To-day the body of Lieot. r.:ai41 Hcnrj -on of nn <>r.*-..r>n pionerr, will he ro (M.V.d with such military und civie honors ai fit the elreuiBBtBBei - Bj DK\n COLLIN8. I had thought that our hearts would leap, Adair, That our hands would clutch at the sword and gun; I had thought that our spirit of old would flarc At the ta!c of the deed that you have done. Hut silent wc walk ar.d ailent you lie, And "Peace" saith the biahop above your pall? But the blood you ahed il red, how* red! Red on the sands of Carrizal. I had thoupht we would rise on the wings of fame' That a river of IWOrdl would southward flow, Ar.d voke* of battle would cry your name As they eried the name of the Alamo. Put we muttir our prayers for the rest of your eoul? And how shall rest on your spirit fall Whon we bow the hei ?!. while the blood you shed Cries from the sands of Tarrizal? I had thoughl but my thoughts were lies, Adair. For my heart was not with that art im I oed That fashions a diplomatic snare ttle a Nation'a gratil Th.e itati -? ip the forms of peace. Where words look large and where lives look small; While my hot cheeks flame with the blush of shamo For the cry, unanswered, from Carrizal. The funeral honors are done. Adair, And under the earth your b. dy lies; Thrilling and sweet on the vibrant air The last long wa.l of the bugle dies; Weil was your duty done, Adair, And duty to us alone may call? And the blood you shed, how red. how red! Criee like a bugle from CarrizaL THE DEUTSCHLAND CASE The Pre*umplion of Intent lo F.icape Against the Submarine. Tfl <lie Editor of Tho Tribim* Sir: A geatlllflfl ?*h?'*"*" communication ?ii|>a'i4ri4 in your usue ot to day seeinfl to b? ( ?f tho epinleti that thi Allied eenhlpi B* rffllflllflg lha pniitipU of IflUrafltiOflfll l-,w whuh makflfl .t flocflflMfy te rliit flfld amr-h ? merchant -hlp bflforfl eaptoring orj tirint; on her ll thoy wew tfl '<? ** ***i\ link the Deetoehlflad at ilght Me appar *.nl)y fail* M un.l--r-.Und the different l?-**r-?l pieiumption atUching to a -iurf?aCa- tm r chantman and a Iflhmannc freightei. Thl erdiaary morchant ihip Ifllllng un the lur-, -".iro Iimk b*fn eenatraeted aatirely tor th* purj .,?,,. of carry ing froight ..r pu-asa-nger*-.. "i both. She han alwfljrl rorifa.rr-r,-.l tfl thl laWI prflvalllng at thr ports at which ihe tooohOfl nriii the regulfltioiis lefljfllrod ?'> ,l"' ; tionfll code. The presumptlnn of Innfl attflchflfl 1" her action ll 'nn* at war unti. by some ovcrt aot, such an aUctnpting '" . ? . ), hy ii -fflfflhlp, tahe thfOWfl thfl burden of proof against hflTMlf. A lubnerlae In tinifl ot peaei would not h* u'..l afl ? ma-ichrir.'iiiiin exeept for irnug k'ling or some kindred ?nteipftM which mado it worth while to cvade the law. She hen heen rn ."ted for purpoc ef war; her train formation into m freighter i? for the pl of iirflplng searcii. Whereai m the larfaea going freighter the carrying of frc-ight main elcment of her make up. in 'hr Itflhflia rine ffflightflff thfl element <>f -scape is the mnin featuro of her construction. All the ri.iinarj circumstai.cfn, l>..th of construc lion und action, cstabli-h u clear presump tion of guilt. When thfl hateh flf h*r c<>nr.inp tower ll closed ?o thnt, she mny dlvi immediately slu is in the ?ct of escaping just a*. much ai th" surface freighter ll escaping **h< .in ken* tho stroke oi her a-npine. l.'nloss the submarine freighter ovorcomes this pre sumplion by having thc hatch of her com.mg tower open so ihe eould not dive the Aliicd warshipi would be juitifird in firing on ber and sinking hor just the same as they would be justiticd in firing on and linking a sur fncs going freighter which was attempting to escape seareh. For any ountry to deny this right to an Allied warship would be to mnkr their own revenue flervice powerless against a suhma rine freighter used for smuggling purpo-es. H. B. HETHERINGTON. Rockaway Bench N. Y., July 20, 191*. "Why Not English?" To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Mr. Samuel H. Hodges's letter ought to convince everybody, including the wn7er o'f the editorial in your valuable papi-r. It is obvious that f"r praetieal convcr.i-nce there must be "nm* one word which may be une*. as a generic designation of BVflfy citizen of the Britiih Empire, Just ag "American" is used by flvery one, eonvemently but qurte maccurately, to designate a eiti-.cn of the !'. S. A.; and "Roman" wai used of old for a citizen of thfl Roman Empire. The words '"Great Britain," as a geopriphi- t cal name, are rorreet when flfled to dllignatfl , England, Waleg and Scotland. though it ll i lOmetimefl forgotten that the eorresponding ? i.ittle Britain" means Brittany rn Fran.-.* I But "Briton," except in poetry, is impoi for every flehoolbov will tflll you thal thl word inevitably luggests skins, wood and thfl ! davs r.f Beadleoa, < araetaeus and Julius i f?esar. Naturally, because the prcser.' liah are des-cendants of Britons, Angles, Bai i ons, r>nne.-a. Normans and olhers; so that to ] eall them merely "Brrton" is historically in- | accurate. i The only eonvenient word is "English," i which by long us* and aisociation has com" i to mean a combination of all the above races and, by logical development. all I arr lii ..nal races who are united under thfl I'nion Jack. This la no mor* a slight to i Welsh, Scotch, Irish or others than it is to i ea!l N'ew F.nglanders, Yirginians, Cahfor- ; nians, ete., all "Americans." COMMON SENSE. N'ew Vork, July 19, 1916. Hardships at the Mexican Front. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: From thoie who have relatives and friends at the border comes eriticism whrch o'ij$ht to have Wflighl among those who are able fo reme.iy the conditions, reported in some of our most r*liabl(. papers, '-??:>!: , the trip of our National Ciuardsnien to the border. Is it small wonib r 'hat our Gunrds men have been lackm,; rn supplies when one appropriation, for irntar.ee, wns made by thfl governmeni of .*.'.,oou for thp purpose of kiil ing sharks, when an order could have been' . b]| I'resi.K*nt Wilson warning the [.-.. ple to keep out of the water and try tabfl for ia while, if a scrub wns absoluta-ly BflCfll rhlfl money couM then have been uaed l'or supplies for the troops, unl.-ss :? w.-re uti 1 i7r>d for the purchasir.g of corned beef eanned m 1903, or that put up in the ark Wp might suggest that the beef wouhl ?ir..rise more flBthnaiaani among the sharks than in our National (Iuard. Inasmuch as the old layingi "The best way to reach a man's heart i.s through hi* stomarh," hns been proven, we taggOfll thht the governnunt put in as mueh time as poaaible figuring the amount of supplies required Bttfflcientl** tfl fflfld a company of men from New Vorl I'aio, Tex.. rather tnan the amoonl ' I we can send to the Polish relief. This would ?ite some of thc punishments N ii ly have to be infll<*ti General Wood upon our Guardsmen's arrival at the border. MRS. "'ASSEI.AS W. HROWN. ( orry, Tenn , July 11, The Blunder at the Border. To the Editor of The Tribune Srr: '1 h'* m llions of American do^.trs which have poured into the coffers of I pean war relief locietiei are evidence of a commendable international spirit of s m pathy prevalent her.-. Is it r.ot po> however, to do more than hns b<'(-n ?!<?-. ard alleviation of tne tribnlation causi .1 by that colossal politics-playing b'.under thc mobilizntion of our militia on the border? If the fflcling for our own t .:??? ai " r'or the forfligll Arir-poor, at thfl donations migh; he Bflflaifl .ri ?-? of the giaring publicity whifl ation haa givfln I ? BETI1 .-. Brooklyn, July 19, Iflfl. Withdraw frotn Mexico! To the Editor ot The Tr Sir: Ii not the Keeping of our troops in ' Mexico a colosaai biunder? Carranr.a is our friend, or wou!d be luch if our troopj wero withdrawn as ne reo to our side of the lir.e, and if gupplie. ffeely sent him and withheld from thfl rehflll he w.iuid soon handle them. The Metieana, i from their long fighting ar. i otner reasons, i aro bitterly poor and Ihe :? ? to satisfy real neccssity. Mear.whi'.e our troops are raffflltng in the I tropic heat in a coun'ry wha-re thfl- tte ? more harm than gflfld atd where thfl) little rr.orfl right than Germans in Beigrum. Ii not a little commor Mfl -e irg ne* !*!* H H. SWIFT. ' Millbrook, N. Y., Jujy 20. ItM. li THE AMERICAN AMBULANCE FIELD SERVKE IN FRANCE *-___- French Front of the American Boya Who Are Carrying tha ***** -' ftzXL\~L "*? .::t z h?.*****+?*** ******* from thf Notee and Diarie*. of thr Worker*. By ARTHUR H. GLEASON. SF-COM) ARTKLK. Tho or.br of the iay, Jaly *% titai *-h" J?eH eon aeetioa, "eeeapoeed of rolaateei-. frtaaai ?f oar eooatrg." Alao, "Edward Ball .un A f?.t ntOWra des meilleurr-. qualit** <l?n? ih eondaita da u saatioBi iBfatlgabla, d ofl. roloatd fanaa al rdeolne, il tt doflad I'egempU ,iu dtvoaeflMat, da la boatd al da eoorage. Here nre a half dor.en Irnpreia-iions thnt eo-na ti. tho man \n 'h<. eoaraa <>f their work. Aft< r ra poaab-.l'dmi "f, aoa "f them writes: "I wa- .??"? ""S about tha? rar. In th-* hnrn, Oaa ihall f;<i::n_r in the mi.ist of aouLI hnve crippled half. snd if Bfl at ?:. ,. n, tho lata le Vri-ire had follow. <l" ,*!, the -...Mier'r. .urfnro gayty oaa muy iae thn fatigue, thr* hor?d eyaieal ?nre ,-aus^d by * yettr of war, tOffl iri.in avary human relatleai ?'? '* rnn ba doaa ? i hunmnin. his lot ba doea with ..-ront 'kill." "Th. di'i'.-ulty <>f making oars acrustomed to ihiapnel take the sound of a motor horn lerioui! :mpro-.7>eK a driver. ??; eon ted 8B< .ng liftecn balls wtthlBl .. -q?'. ??? of -i doaafl iqaare yards by the door wav where I was ibaltarifig. "The dark houses, deaerted itraata, th.* dim ?baaa of a aeatry, tbe night iceata of the t'.eld." these are what tho cv.-in-ig run ro vinl.i "l ovarbaard a ?' Bpoken betwaaa a braaaardiai aad a a-oaaded maa, "vh? w?8 ??,.,. ? ?? "...ii will be saf. row. You aro g-.ir.c to your wife.' " N'o, no, I am dying.'" "I.-it."-, ai th<* sun araa risinp and 11 Tt int? the blue rr.ist in tho hollows of tho bill, I avatched aoma shoiis i-urs'ing in a Bald; * brown spin-h ot enrth. a ball of smoke which driffed BlOWlj a*vay." "On the one hand ar? the trenchei. whoro rr.on live In conditions whirh must resemhlo those of tho cavemen; dug into tho earth, aad with danger of death as daily habit; on the other, within half an hour'i walk, most nf the eeraforta of c.vi.tiatl'ja We come ilown from th" work of carrying hundred* of mr.ngled men, ar.d in tho evening *it eat ing strawhorries and cake in a pretty drawing room." Kough roads: "Small wonder that when tho ?tretehei i* laid down its occupant is oc,*asionally found to be dead " "Out of the pocket of a 'cadavre' near to rr.e [ ua rr"*ru'in!' a common picture postcard, a thing of tin tt* possession for one passed into the "The wounded had a CBriooaly unconcerned ;,nc... a* though, having been hit, al raad) thej" were immune." Nol "Gentlemen Drivera." "Our young horo.s" Tea, they are all of '?.,?. irleaa and iwlfl to aet But they are ( ??uch praetieal beroea |?od mechaniciana, ready ta lead a haad on any lowly job of ( rraahing u itratakar or abiftiag faraitBre.j ( Th. 1*8 la none of the taint of the 'gcntle- | man drivar1 about them. They are willing to , v and tired. I remember once working ( ivith some 'gentlemen drivors.' They had ( naid chauffours for th. timea when they were tlMd ar tha gelag was wet. They went along , ,n a Mad or' managT.al capacity. They pro- | :es*ed against going alone into shelled vil lages. for who wouM bring them OOt if they ] rare arooBded*. They wera thoronghly brave bat they had tl i atb aataa uu iea that their pereonality was ver> i ?tracioea, an.l that it must be preaerved for : :he futur.". abova all, that it must not be -fveretraiaed with liftlBg weight* or dirtiad ,virh mussing into greaKe boxoi. Thoy frat ?is, and brought us gos.-dp ? an atmoi -aberi of aecial dictinction around uv .. the roaghaaek way of the Aar-art* :an Ambulance better. There has been a tttaiapt made to describe theM fOBBg work-:* aa belonging to our "be^* fam IMti," represen'.ing the "elite" of Am.-nca That ia to miss the point of the work. It is democratic service. Work hard, and you aro ? popular mombor ot the community ihi'* Lorraine aaetlOB ll now at Verdun, and ? roma, ""' Marion. Iowa, write. rr.. : ??y.:er: ..no haa the right iplrlt, and we aro ill wrking together. We are living tho real army llfa sl.'.pmg out of doors and eating in a barn." Working Inder Aeropiane Bomb Fire. Ona ' tha Verdun aeetioaa w-as sent to Bar-le-Duc recently, where a bombardment by fourteen German aeroplanei was under Porty persons were killed and 160 la* jur.-d. Tha boys erniaed around l i dariag tha overhead shelling of fortg-Ava minntea, picking up the dead and wounded. ? t_U tho tara wera hit by fragmei ? . ,: This prompt help andar f:r<* aad the Araerieafl Ambalanea to tho mhabitanta r,f th .r town. Next day one of I ? took hil coat to a t.ailor for repair. The man refaaed tO acnpt any pay. A few of na a | around quietly, the other day. v hen a French sous-officer en ?i red in a condition of what seems to our ? i!ate northern stolidity as excit. but whal in raality ii merely clear expression cf warm emotion. IL' ?a;.d: "The paople i ' Bar ia Doe are grnteful for what tha Americans hnve done. Your work nrai axeelleat, wontlerful. Wa shall not for ?? ? ? ? ? ' This work of the American Ambulance fleld aat, tha most aridaly Of any wo are doing in PraBCa. motored tiirough Liorraiae, Major Hua brother of the conimanding geinrnl of the ;'.r| Diviaion, atoppad three of na, Ab i and said he aiahad to tell us h- an to our coun:ry that the Amoriean Ambalaace larviea gava greal aatiafaetion to th. Preneh nay, "It is courageous and usefui. Wn thank you." In the Vser Kegion. lt, 1 T'nev serv. d at the ?eenr.d battle of the Yser, when gas was u.- first | ihe taamy. It is a flat country. .-? I they ran eloso ta rh.' atl efron* Thay wer? I at Alverdaigh till the rillaga <-rum ihell fln Th record for M aaetloB, wns : ...'*i; Ijrlag, "<3-; wo. .- work was in part "c!ean:ng p'.ugs and ra, tighteaiag nvta aad ind graaalag, washing our litl ia ? arara a lei af ? I ? "Con T-'js," rar **2. dr ? ? ? Sa rled 18* aa caaea between March N ind M ?'. ' ? in'port.d to th.- hospitali in that one "At 2:30 in thr afternoon a call came from ?...' post, and in an_wenng lt Pay aad Browa h*.d a sloea ealL ... . ? ea ia view _f the n.rman trenches thay woro ca.ight in ' I <evei4 shells strikin/ a ;.a of *.he machi'ie. Two or three davs r halt . ? 1 dOWB "? .vith tha 'Mediein A ixillara.' Bhrapaal I ih near them, and thay arara foreed te put in the next few minutei m a d.tch. They uere fcrced to lie down tive tun.-s that; mori.r.g in thii ditcb, half full of mud und wfl... Thl red-lr.*ade,i girls ttlll -ntinue '.p open thelr littlfl ***** right B**t ?l ehurehonthi ftala itroot D**t*tt taamt th. ??'*1,r,,k" , ; .2 -ar. It flamed ,ut .nddonly,, flM |, mi too lat* tO save even hil IWMOflfll be !?*?"?. .111 - ??- **_?!"'-; U; -rork. Hflrfl it a Cbriatan-notfli "Df""1*; || rh, sr.rt,on h.d it- Cl r rtnflfl IWMI Bl li'eloek. Kenyon -playfl th. vtolla vfljry weU, eni Day and DOwtll ?M B? ****** wrth ne tt* -Irunk I ?he way from Ittar i. thwtrlijtajffankllfl ...,, U | ? | tflkiflf the flflflO. A;;; . gyfljl , ? <. hor.fll reanng at.hfllL, no light b ____i\ _t littlfl ca" HM ^fwaated f.r Ptete do ***%*? l' rromihflllholeo.1 P/tteh foi the round bl I A l.i.t ??? Monor. Hata ar* tho aamflfl of some of the drivers ln tl.i.s section: Haroi-i -Xlngslaad, H Avo?eo iett de Bou logno, Parii , llamttovrn, ????? ,..'.; liorham Avenue, Hrookllnfl. "S'rhtrt P. rewnioed, IH Fast Thirty fourth <'rrn-. Ne* York Edward B. Ha***Jo?, Watertown. Mfljfc Qflflrgfl Rockwell. 30 Firit Avenue, Water ^Ria-hard'sayer. 121 East Thirty-first Str.ot. N'ew York. ? Robert L Howard. Wcstfleld V Y Edward D. Townser.d. 128 East Thirty fourth Street, New York. F G. B. Campbell, M Wall Street, New ?Lawrenee Hemenway, 273 (Tarendon Street, Roston. . . ? Henry Sydnor Harriion, author of Quee-1, drove one of thc cars. Through all the records one fflflll the hearf tning Bonae of the good will of the peopie for whom thfl work is :. "All day long, wherever we nave ttoppert. rrronie have .rome out and offered ufl flowers ftnd fruits and food and frier.dly greetings, very much as our anceston of 160 years ago must have offered them to the compatnots or Lafavette." At Eiverdinghe. "while I wai putting on my shoes the arfndow fell in and part of the ceil ing came along." General PotI, commandrng the Detachment I'Amlfl de Bfllgierafl, states: "In spite of the bombardment of Elver lint-he. of the road. leading to thu village .nrinf the ambulance iUelf, this evacuation ..as been effected night and day without in ?orruption. I cannot too highly praise the touragfl and devotion ihown by the personnel tt \he section." A driver says: "From 3 a. m.. April 22, un - 0 p.m., April lt, rrve cars on duty. In ?ho.se four day* each man got seven hour. sleep, litting at the wheel, or an hour on a irspital bed" , ... Of one sudden shell flurry: "**. e atayed Btill ?. inuttfl, I smoking tntiontlj and thfl Engliflh r.urse sincing. Littlfl Khaki. the . . * p?t dog. '-ay flhaktng." The Punkirk Bombardment. Five days of continuous heavy work ex rps was sent to , Dur.kirk "fln repofl." "n thfl day of their arrival flhtlll came ifl from ? distance ot twenty-ono milefl, twenty ihollfl at intervals of hr.if an hour. They took a minute ar.d a kfelf tO arrive. The Frer.ch ou*posti at the German linoi Mlephoned that oni wat on its A-ay, and the sirens of Punkirk, twenty-one miles away, blew a warnmg. This gave the tantfl a minute in which to dive into ?herr eollars. The Unflriean ambulances were the only cars left in the tuwn, On the sound of the fllron the boys hoadfld fur the Gmfl 1 Flaee, an.l BS soo-n as they saw the cloud of dut they drevfl into it. A- onc oi rlhflfl it: ? Wi ipoflt the next two hours cruising ll | - thfl streets. waiting for the r.ext shells to come and then going to see if any one had been bit I had thr.-e dead and ten terribly wounded soldiers, civilians, women. Thfl neat day I was glad to be off for tho quiet front, where thinr-s happen in the open ard women and children are not murdered. "Seven ihfllll fell fl/lthln I rndius of 200 if thfl 'ara, pritb p.ec.-s of brick and hot splinters." A Kreneh official said of the Dur.kirk bom? bardment: "I was at most of thfl seeiu-s, but always ftund one of your ambulances before me." Touchez le Main." A Iforoecea lay griovonaly wounded in a Dnnkirk hospital. One of our boys aat down the cot. " Touchez le main." said the wounded man, fr. bly, He orafl lonely. Thfl boy stayed with him for a time. There was nothing to say. The mnn was too far spent to talk, but every littlfl while he aaid. "Touchez le main." Through the darkness of hrs pain he knew Thi yonng 'oreifBer at his side was a fr.end, and car-*-! lhal h ? Bttfferod. lt is diftealt to put in pub-: lic print what one comes to know about theflfl men of ours But they nre giving r aomothing bfl slant driving; I have seen men like Rob Tom.-. nt work, and I know! ?hat every jolt of the road hurts them be-' ? .. unded loldlor. These young men from our eolleges and farms and fljrofcailoni are wi'.ling to lose ind food in order to savi men from pain. Tha-y are taking BOflflfl ot the daily risks ? *. rtho'.it reeoi i rhe loldiers,' ' I - nee, under-: thifl, and, with the respor.sive French M it, One of our drivers tell. of a n Iddli sgfld flentry. P as along, my children, and good luck," i. "you ar? .tej than we." ,. no." proteeted the boy. '.*? e all l bank you." Ition was now incre-a?",! to r irs, of which ton remainod in Dunkirk. . Marins and the at 1 i ent to , Crombeke a;*..l crawlod along the towpnth of lighti iratehing :'? l shell holflfl. Then they came down *eit south of thfl English i b working ^nd Compia'-gne in a rolling; eenntry, living always ia barni. They an arorking within a half-mile of tho (ierman, lines, along a narrow road of soft ground.! Five m> n have won thfl C'ro.x de Guerre. | rt I'<-!l lownsend, of Prrrec-ton, i* in j ra ot the Flai m. ?ith ago a fifth s-ct;o:r was sent out I and met a gas OH thc fl They wore ga? i for one . * ihe pin.- forest. * ithoring Bro. Auatii eherga . ( tha sec? tion. rh.. whole artiele bai Aaelt with the work of tha boy.. Bu* back of them has been the | riM who laiied the money and ran the job j To Piatt Andrew was sent th.s letter from| I J-j.t'n Cod-irt, Cablnat Minister. in ch.r? ft tho Iiepartmtnt of Health for all tka r'ranee arm1'": "T wish to e4rpr#?s to yr,j tJ fm ;.l ?? ? tl i Ameri can Amb'.lanre Mctioaa i ? 'o m*. ? Thaaka ? - ?xcel. la nt aaaterlal ergai *?? ? ******* skXte ihe courag?ous davotton of tha *p,- -.did -t_?? ?..dvoh your cointry ' I ??. .,e. in a very gradoaa way _? r.il'igato th? suferlngs of OUt wound*. _y ?ninjf 'he glievoea hoan ? ? . MOOM ri. _ r,*n th. ?<?!<: ' battle and the time when h* r-o tet hai proner care. "W || feet, thaa, Bi '.r?oif an. ser.d *o yojr Arr.orican tt\f ti my prefoofld you hav- ao adm i ..ui for whirh your '? ??-.?? - - equal shar** of gallnn'ry and . Jnffre'-i Trlbute. To *..r. Andr?w t" I ? ' of *| the PraBch ar_a i "I wish to ex ? I '.ctiot. with th? work aeeeBif yeai voiun teers, who have revor fa;'.".| und.r any dr ?ir.cn to prove the'r courage enduranee rrd devo'ior The good lOaOlta ne.i.ev.d 0y _ are due in larKe m<-as_-_ te yo'ir latti*. ty a* l tirolrsa * ? r'.ird ambuinnr-e ' chaasle, bo !>? and equia. freight charges and u.i.rarce; coiti -?'?''* '"OTItb. A full field aectlon of twenty amr,_lanc_a ln tho field, two in resorve. a s*.a:T rar, two re pair cars. a truck, a kitchen treilet snd tent, nheltering thirty men, coat IJO.OO.. Ita maia ter.ance for a year ia $15,(X.O. Each maa cares for hia own car and does a": tha ro.tlr.e dirty work conneeted with it- All tha rr.an are volunteere. They come for s.x motthi tnd have expenses of about *? "..!_di_| trarsportation i. They roteliat f r a ptrtod of three months. Mar.y of them have t'.tuij covered eighteen montha of aatviea St. Paui's School, of Concord: the Pomfnt School, Fhillips Andover, Middleaea _*_*_.. and Croton -all have given cars. Prir.-t.9_ and Weilesley have given cars. Harvard hu given cars. So has the L'niversity of I'.r.n sylvania. In the gift of mer. for elrlve.' al\ our coileges have done we.i. Harvard Wltk 98. Yale 27, Princeton tt, Co.Baabia I, V I ginia 8. Dartmouth, ?), Michigan 4, Caltfeiafa 2, North Dakota, Arkansas, Wabash. Massa chusetts Tech, Fordham, Naval Aaadaaay, St Lawrence, N'ew York t'niver-.'y, Bew _?(__, S'tevens, Temple, Brown, Amherst, (ornell, Hilladala all have contributed dr.v.rs A young millionaire who has bear. driving up in the Alsace district remarked tba other day: "I never uaed *o do anything, but I went be able to live like that after the war. T_t pleasar'ost th.if- ..ha' is going to ha; pen to me when thia thiag ia over will be * go to tho telephone in New Y.rk and call _;. Fran .ois. "'That you, Frar.cois? Come ar.d let'a have dinner together and talk over the big "Fran.'.,._ is a fhisseur Alpin. I've been seeing him up on the rr.ounU.:;. Frar.-oia is the second cook at the Knickerbocker Ho? tel and the Tinest ge.itleman I ever knew." A Gift of the War. That Is one of the gifts this wai r to our young men. It is teaching th _8__ democracy. France has equality, ar.: oor toys are learning i'rom her that it g itt a nation strength. And they are learnn _? that an artistic peopie is not a waakliag. l*SM men as they return to us n -?? of lateroet in their community to interprat France to our country. In contar* v. ?'-. her at har hour of greatness they _-. -_ irr.pressior.s of courtesy an.l self-aa" *_?. They have mado close friaadahl : wll t_M soldiers. They have chatted with thousandi of them and received a f.ne courtesy from'.hl humblest. A beauty of daily BBBBer which they never saw in our hard drive ai corr.ri.r cialism has been revealed to them by th.ie friendly, brava peasants. Within tha laat tWO weeks tWO new lOetiafll i.ave been given, making seven in al:. Three more are r,e_.i.*.i at once. One woman who gave a section yesterday refused to let h?r name be used. the said she had no childrea and that this capital of $45,000 w. .. | b? ben iavaatad if given to France. Sho wm not a woman of wealth. It was capital .ha wsi giving, not income. We are now at tha 1?"? lap of the war, when an immense effort wil! be put forth, more costly in life than any? thing the world has ever faced Franc* wtJl give the lives of her young rr.er. ShsJI wa not give the money that will ea.e their taw feringa? Here ia a chance for Rotchklaa School snd Yale L'niversity. Here ia a char.ee for D?? lloir.es, Iowa, and Pallas, Tex. Tha tide !? rolling. Five sccf.ons needed ar.d two ira already given. Three sections -$150,000?and we have risen to the full measure of oppor? tunity. The address is "For the Field S?r vice," American Ambulance Field Service, L**?i Higginson & (o., I'oston. Consrripting Roasian Jewa. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: The editonal in to-day's isaua of Tha Tribune, entitled "Tolstoyiam in Britain," and dealing with the question of Britiah conicl cntious objectors to cons | -Tiindi me of another class of objectoro, whose acru ples can scarcely be ealled cr.sc.er.' cu? on?i I infer from cabled reports that government has decided to eenpel Kususn lams of nilitary aee living I ^ w enltat, on penalty of deportation. This mesi ure, though belate.i, cannot ba too highl*/ praised. It is aurpns.ng, howe\4*r, that ?u<h a measure was necessary to rem r,d tbiae men of their bounder. duty. The prejudice extant in Russa aniir.st tha Semitic ruce as wall as political | ?' 00 ' *** their native land. One cannot blame the* for that, for the lot of the Jew in Kussi* has never baan . hapi Ireal Br.taia. like the I'nited States. has astaeded tba hand of areicoaia to thaaa peoj i* rc-s^ecta* their political opinion; has not lniarfervW with their freed'r- f ip^^h; it has rretiti its educational b titutioaa to them aad ???* permitted them to ihara in the I ' commene ai ' * aicured them i-iet:ng ..? erael oppress.on I t* ..j- ,-rR. . |o*rara_aaa_. .. *-. -.1 la the hou: ***J ***** where they have fonnd a ho.r'*_-: lhe!,,!j ihey profaaa a feeling of eonaternation rh'r turn to Uussia is natursi. .t waald :i n-"V! ? ii, but they rpurn thi ? nT*?*t permitted to go to neutra. I dn'.r**** I hope thia goverr.vier.t arill not c*& plaaaad lavaaloa bj m.n who" re in all o'ii iad ln oar K*"J perity withou* l r?' * *T f lifa or liaab ta dafaad our boBOf sn** * ? i.-rce. [| li high ' ii na tl 4 country com* hero aaai . - * ?' ??' _ gjg have consci.iitious objections nor )e ta proud nor too timid to f.ght for us.^ **?*~ aafaoaity demand it CHARLES SLttF*** New Yoik. July 14, 1916.