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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 14, 1916, Image 3

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KING COTTON WINS
PROFIT TAX FIGHT
Southern Senators Force
w Change in Charge on
Munition Makers.
BIG CORPORATIONS
ARE LEVIED UPON
lewis Secs Pangcr in Hugo Ap
pi-opriatkNM and Would
Issue Bonds.
that
as one of tkfl
? 0f war munitions
a-nment in the
Tha eom
Ute*
T/nderwood. of Ala
h?na '
- ? ? .
prove' r ,h? Sfr
led by Sim
ITected
n "componi
- cent on ihe profita, in
mmitt 10 * *" eani T - tan on mu
.. 10 per cent of the
?be Under
%ooi . a foufhl on for the
BCtlOB tax
Ifl thl*.
????>? ^(l' ?rui ,hc ux
.--. waa vetained. 20.
( , corpflratloni whoaa
0,000 wa,.
caucus. Thia ia ?
B each thour-and dol
I BBd nnd;
ft-ured that
100,000 an
ke up
,, munitiom
iB the
tax-*
Stamp Ta** Cut Do?n.
? taxe* tvere not on
uecided to
-eia-ht,
tax on
:. but
t, thi .v imposed
o rai
- out many of the
aucua also raised the
?ion from the tax on conveyances
A propo.-a: thal bond* br* issued to
nt, instead of laey
ti proposed in the
he pointed out.
ave dire political re
?-. was mid- by Senator I.ews. of
B?J --reatly diatnrhed the
:i of tne Lewii pro
. comumeJ mOBt of the day
caucus and WB8 nnally
?
ator Se Vir* a, that aa
ike ;.- ? ., ;. h Bflhflti
? entire bill the ltem? of
should be perfected first. This
*??* approved, and mean* that th<* vote
Lewis'a motion will not be
taken until the entire bill has bflflfl
i ou1 by the caucus. Be?-ides
Martine, Chilton,
rwood adi
.
mmons, William*. Thomas and
of Georajia, opposed it.
: ewis said thereowere plenty o.
?al bonds to meet all tlie
o-" the fOTflrnmeBt until
January 1. Coneress, he urs*ed, will
ember, and could
mipht be ?
; rdement the revenu
.- law. By this i
,.f the
ould be a*. c
\pproprialmns |{<at Record.
of the
p pun bill and the
House of the
? naval bill, priatiofla of
will have
? <-eed*rf the previoua hiph recoi I by at
l bi'.lion dollars
? ol be computed until
ftn on the laal supply
? , the appropatr . |
for a'.l ft.' :
|] approximate $1,700,000,
11,114,000,0(1
?r*SR.
? supply bills, which
?
i] ,.'.i. more than
?
07,000,000,
the uncertain
:,ropiiatio:
?nd of I
B^Bflflfl uf the Rij* Itemi.
$20.
i plant,
' ? iads, $15,000,000
?
. ? ?-? lo I
-i.'ft army,
10; sundrj
? .rhors,
utive an.l
-. and ri.vv
? 1,012,
? olum
rel I" br approved. about $1_,000.- !
OOO; Indian affaira, $10 or.T ?'>..; diplo- |
and conaular, $5,355,09., and mili- '
-.-... $1,226,0.1,
11,. eaaCUl to-night, on motion of
Senator Baulahury, of Delaware, . v
empted munitioni maaufactarera from
tbe special corporation tax adopted
earlier in tha day. The Senator pointed
.'iit thal OtherWIBfl tbe munition- cor
porntiona woald he inhjecl te double
taxation.
The enueua adjeurned te meal to
u night.
Tntcrnal Revenue Tax
Increases $97,042,264
Waahington. Aug. IS. Colleetloni hy
tha Internnl Re*renue Bureau for the
flaenl yeoi ended June SO reached a
total of $612,723,288, an Inereew ol
$97,042,264 o\er those for the tiscal
year 1916
A preliminnry reporl irn.de public to*
dn_ b*f < ommiseioner Oaborn ahawa
that of tbe total $387,7-6,036 came from
ordinury eolleetioni _nd $124,987,263
from tha incoma tax. Of tha erdinary
r.veti. ? 02 waa eolleeted under
tha emergeacy taa law and the rest
came from the taxe- on -pirits,
t. baceo, ete.
About 138,000,000 accrued from Miles
ef documentury Btampa, about $29,000,
000 from tln- additioaal tax of M cents
p. r harrel en fermeated liquors, and
almoel $7,000,000 from Bpeciel taxes
on bankers, brofceio, theatres, etc.
The normal tax on incomfll those
over (3.000 and leaa than 120,000 pro?
duced $23.9-?_,777. Incomei from $20.
| 0,000 produced $6,091,776,
those from $60,000 to $76,000 producei
$4,071,362, thoae from $76,000 to $100,
? roduced $3,623,478, those from
-. . 000 produced $'
0,000 to $500,000
pn duced c- " "N r
00 produced $12,647363. Offers
? eomnromiae were accepted inrolring
169.
The cost of collection of all lpternil
revenue is put at about $7,190,000.COm
|l ,04,689 last year.
TO SHOW ARHY HEN HE
IS HARDY BY LONG HIKE
Bronx Man. Rejected. Will Walk
Hcre from Plattsburg.
h. n -.-.:' Ul Ha T- bfl - i
Plattabarg, N. Y., Aug. 13. "I don't
know thc roada rery well, but I'll just
1 eaded BOUth, and 1 won't srop
until I'\e reached Xew*York."
With this ferewell, Paul Kude slung
iveraaek In place. saluted a group
een in front of tbe training camp
pOfltoAea to-day and started for the
nietropolis.
"That's grit," said an army ofneer,
wntching the receding khaki-clad Af*
ure. "Maybe he'li make h soldier
all."
Kude. who lives at 862 Leggett Ave
. he Bronx means to demonstrate
that armv medicul examiners made a
Ice when they refu?ed to permit
o enroll in the Plattsburg tiain
I cuni layiag hia phyeiqua would
ind heavy march ing, by hik
milei te New York.
BOY FALLS OFF ROOF
WHILE FLYING KITE
Jersey City Lad, Too Intent on
Task. Badly Hurt.
Robert Granow, eight years old,
chmbed on top of his parents' three
s'ory house, at o.r>- Hen-ierson Street,
. yeaterday, to fly hii
So abaorbed was he ia hii task that he
ran ofT the roof.
Hfl wa? picked up and taken to the
I ? Hosmtal with a fracturcn ?
rna taken home. Ilis condi?
tion ii regarded a> criticeL
MEN AT BORDER GET
100 COMFORT BAGS
Made by National Special Aid
Society's Members.
The National Special Aid Society, 269
Fifth Avenue, of which Mrs. William
Alexander is preaident, Inat week for
warded to men at the border more than
? omfort bag-. Each contained a
mg, a bar of soap, mosquito net
. and tobaCCO, B bo_ of lOOt
ler, face aml bath towela, hand
tooth bru.-h end tooth pow
ind a pair of ilippera.
- were made by vol
work< ? thc articles with which
: were cont ributed by
ety, ? rnona them
H. Knhn, Mra. 11. H. Flagler,
Mr. F R MaeNutt, Mra. Cherlei B.
Mrs. H. I.. Pilhinaton, Mra Oli
ver B. Bridgman, Mrs. Henry Alexan?
der, Counteaa Festetiea and Mr-. w
Alexander. _
ANSWERS ITALIAN PROTEST
Montclair Board af Health Denies
Di?4crimination.
| wering h protest of tbe [I
? Bir, N. J., ngainat
epnrnte cluasilleation of their na
? viUl Btatiatlea report ,
Edward Winslow, president of tn?
| of Health, says that no discr.m
rtion is :? t<
ttiatical pur
only. ,
thfl Board of Health report a the
"eolored, Itallaaa end
- ,r, Italians. rhfl Ital*
t?nd that thc diatmetion li
minatory nnd unneceaenry.
AERO CLUB LIKES ARMY BILL
\,h.-es Reserve of lll Trained Avia
torr- for Kegular Force.
? , Aero Club of Ameriea
their approval el
? :.,.? armj
bill.
Tbe bill previdei for twelva aero
.quadi three cemonniea each.
}, .iiuadron being eaaigned ro each di
of tha regular militia, and
each Bqundron.
?.ron will have twelve erin
torfl mehing an organization of 14-*
r . The Aeio Club advises
of equal number ia
? ve.
?
^""l-OftN'Dl'D l?*i(?^?*
?^
Our summer clothes for men and boys
ievel all barriers to comfort.
Linen and mohair coats and trousers.
porous homespun and thin worsted
suits.
Flannel sport coats and trousers. bath?
ing suits, summer shirts and neckwear,
cool underwear and pajamas.
Daneing pumps, tan and white oxfords
for promenading and beach wear.
Brokaw Brothers
1457-1463 BROADWAY
\I FOOTY-SECOND STREET
NAVY PERSONNEL
PLAN ASSAILED
Sectirity League Says Sys?
tem Will Demoralize
the Service.
MYSTERY VRILS
ORIGIN OF BILL
Ofticers a Unit Apainst Proposed
Interjection of
Politics.
Supportinp the objections made to
tlie new naval appropriation bill by
Cushiag Stfltaon m Tha Tribune of Au
fflal 10, the National Security LflflJJBa
Iflfll nipht made public a communici
tion from J. Hernard Walker. chairman
of the navy committee of the leapue.
and Henry Reuterdahl, of the I'nited
States Naval Institute, critirising the
provision which place* the power if
promotion of OaBCflN in the han.N .ft"
fhe Secretary of the Navy.
While the leapue heartily indor-**
the big building proprammo as it came
from the Senate, nnd feel* that tha
eflMntial feature.s must not be endan
pered, it bclieves that the widest pub
licity should be piven to the evils of
the personnel provision. Accordinp tfl
the letter, the bill propose* "the most
important personnel legislation ever
enacted by Conpress. yet in the most
Mispiciou.-ly peculiar manner the vari?
ous foatnrea of thia bill have been con
cealed from the service, except for
hearinps lastii.p only three days, and
coverinp only one feature of the bill."
The leapue beheves that while promo?
tion of offlcen by sclection is desirabl ',
such selecticn should be made by a
board of naval ofhccr<.
I'artv I'atronage Increased.
'
"For Inereaaing the party patronap
tnd pork, tha personnel features of the
Senate bill are most admirsble," runs
the letter. "Thr party in power, with
the hundreds of appointment* of vari?
ous kinds provided in this bill. will
transform the navy into a hupe political
machine, and the Secretary of the
Navy will become a potentflte of poli
: tii BXpflBflfl of the navy's fsture
battle efficiency.
"The House < ommittee has as yet been
unable tfl ascertain who made the bill.
It was not drawn up by the General
Roard or any other renresentative
proup of officers. ln fact, the bill ha*
been enrefully kept from such bodies.
It was born in the dark. No naval offi?
cer father^ the bill, nor does any one
else, so far a* the House commi'tee
*\a- able to ascertain in the short spa-e
of three da; s' bearing. lt :.- thr j..h ll
poHticians.
Bill l njuM to Officer-.
"1* ;s nb.inly evident that the bill
? ol repreeent the best thoupht if
r.ur navy. II Im.- not had the Cliti
eism of experienced naval officer.-. To
i:.-- -ueh a bill. fathered by no one
an.l kept pract ically secret from the
navy Itself, is a rank iajvatiCA to the
offleera "?'?ho are afloat and without a
voice in Conpress. The hearinp before
the House committee broupht out the
fact that the naval service had n>,t
for and did not want 'cver.ty >r
riphty more admirals, includinp the
new-fanpled 'deputy surgeon general'
or 'depu'y payma.-ftr general' a I
mirals all. Furthermore, it has been
broupht out that there was preat diver
sity of opinion amonp the officers as to
the selection feature.
-Promotion by seniority, now ifl
practice in the navy, violates every
tenet of life BBd hfips to kill the am
' b-.tion of the jrounger officer.-, who have
no chance to reacn BTflB a lieutenant'i
' rank before thfl up'- of forty. Hence,
there must !>.? some form of telection
such Bl in the prir.cipal navies abroad:
the method of advaneemenl ibusI
be determined by fitness alone. and the
nal eliniination or leleetioii pr ? t
b- law in the handa of the .??? ?
itaelf, leaving no cl.ai.ccs of rever^al f
,.n tO ti,e r.avy'.- civilian, untech
nical head,
Na*.al Kffiiiencv Menaced.
"ln 'he Senate bill the selection <>f
offlcen for promotion ia practically left
',, ti.e Secretary of the Navy. Baeh
kind of promotion is apt to Hepend
upon political influence, not profea
.: akill. The navy as a unit is
the eonsflqaent interjection of
l olitics into Ihe ,-ervice.
"The BBVJr hr.s pride in its orgflnizB
and naturaliy does no- v.. ?
lardi lowered. We have eeexj tea.
? ? ,? the bi'l a.-- paased
would lower those itandard* and
... ? ,, - from, ft' not seriously
.le, tht nuvy efficiency. This bill,
isdly to promote the na*ry'i m ir
readiness, bai beflfl kept under cover.
The offleera in the fleet who have given
their lr. (?> to the service have not had
a chance to be heard.
"On behalf of the Security I.eapue.
the underBignfld urgently appeal to a
pi.trio*..' pie->. Congrflfll and the pub?
lic to bring to bear all possible in
kill the vicious personnel
featurei of the Senate naval bill. the
of which bill we believe rner.n
. ? on of tin- Aiiii-ri
;-;,n BBI ft
MEXICAN GIRL DETAINED
Hanter'n Daughter Held by Immigra?
tion Official*.
Aquilina Martinez. the young daugh
ter flf 4? plsnter of l'uebla de Iflfl
Angflli who nrrived here yes
terda* by tht Ward liner Mortx
tie, ?a.- detained bi the Immigratioa
offi'ciall i. id ordered to Ellifl Mand.
Senorita Martinea came here to
m\ the FrflBclflflflB Convent of
,1,. Mission of Mary. at '_'?-'.'. Kast
flfth Street. buft having a crip
pled arm, was held for medical ex
amination at the islar.d. She informed
the boardinp surpeon that her arm
had b<*cn burned 3vhen she was a child.
St -he will he released
t.i-day.
Victor
Service
Knabe
5 th Av. ?t
39th St
The Tribune Justifies in
Greenhufs Libel Suit
Answer Filed in Court Declares Every Charge Against
"The Big Store" in Samuel Hopkins Adams's
Articles To Be True.
The answer of Tbe Tribune As.ocia
tion to tbe complaint in ihe $600,000
libel suit brought against it by Grcen
hut Coaapaey. Inc, has been served and
waa uled Saturday in the County
Clirk's office by Sackett. Chapman &.
Btereaa, the attoraoyi for the .lefend
' ant.
This answer is a long one of about
18,900 worda, exelueiea ef the exhibit*
anti*xed to it. lt contain a slutement
| of most of the details of the cxtraordi
i Bary litigation of which this libel suit
I ifl the outeome. and which grew out of
I the series of articles by Samuel Hop
I kins Adams on perniciou* and dishon
i est advertising und trade method*.
I which have appeared in the columns of
The Tribune during the last year and a
| half.
As stated in The Tribune's answer,
the plaintitT corporation was organizcd
! in September, 1 _? 1 r>. to take over the
i hu.-iness of its bankrupt predecessor,
.1 B. (ireenhut Company, Inc., which
had prcviously suceeeded to the busines*
? of the corpotations Grcenhut-Sicgel
; Cooper Company, Greenhu' & Co. and
Siege!-Cooper Company, in the conduct
ing of the large department store on
Sixth Avenue and F.ighteenth and N'ine
? ternth Streets. For many yeara the
manngement of these corporations had
been in the si me hands and had been
generally adverti.sed nnd known as
"Greenhut's" and "The Rig Store."
Advertising Method* Atlarked.
The tirst of Mr. Adams's article? re
gaining the "fake" tra.ie methoas und
i.d*.erti.*ing used bj thil establishment
? v.as published in the inring of 1911 and
COntnined charges against its trade ..nd
i drertiaing methods aa gravp as aar
? thing in the publication^ lued upon in
'? Ihi present libel -uit. It also contained
tlie statement that The Tribune had
refuaed to enrry the advertising of
I Greenhut'l because of its bad methods.
No complaint was ev .r made bv any
eaa connected with Greenhut's rcspect
it.g any statements contained in that
titicle or any assert ion made that
there was anything in it which was not
true; nor wai any libel suit brought
upon it. Soon after its publication
J. H. Greenhul Company, Inc,
went into bankruptcy, ar.d in Sept.em
. ber, 101 fi. the plaintitT corporation took
ov.i the stock of that nisolven* COI
ccrn and what waa left of itfl good will.
A Btated in the answer filed Sa'ur
day, Th* Tribune Bureau of Invest iga
tiors still continued to follow up eom
piaints regarding the advertising and
other trade methods of Greenhut's. and
particularly the mnnner in which it ad
vertiaed ar.d conducted the sale of the
? of the baahrupt A D. Mattheem
Company in January of this year.
On Friday, Februarv 4. Th* Tribune
publiahed announeementi 'hat on the
following Sunday there would appear
? eolumaa ?? "atorr** by Mr. adatni
of the mantrer in which he was a1
treeted by the advertisements nf this
sale and lio-.v "he went forth to see am;
to buy." One of these ..nnouncements
was beedd- ' Fake Sale at Greenhut's,"
and went on to state that "S..'ri lel
Hopkins Adams went shopping at
Greenhut's and found that the sale sup
posed to contain only the stock of the
banhrup. A. D Metthe?i Co. was
reelly a fine jumble of Greenhut trash,
Sil gel-Cnoper relic3 and enough g.n
uine Matthewi merchandise to lend
plausihility *o the ocenaion.
"It's aa clear a case of juggling
labels and marking up prices as The
Tribune Bureau of Investigations evr
encountcred even among the Kosof
' skvs and Finkelstein-Willards of re
tail trade. The whole amazing story
of how the hone.it name of a respected
coneern like the Metthewa Courpeny
can be put to such use- in the face of
the new advertising law now in force
i.-, told in detail with dflocriptioni of
how each purchase wai mad". aml with
azpert appreiaali of raluationi in dey
after to-morrow's issue of the Sunday
Tribune."
I .junrtion Was I'rocured.
Readers of The Tribune will reruem
ber that Greenhut'l obtained from
Judge Newburger. in the Supreme
1 Court, a temporary injunction forbid
ding the publication on Sunday, Feb
runry ti. el the announced Adams story
of such "fake" sale, and that this was
served upon The Tribune before the
Sunday issue of the paper went to
press.
This extraordinary proeedure, abso
lutely unprecedented in the history of
newspaper publication la this itate,
l ecesearily prevented publication of the
artu-le upon that Sunday; bir.
Henry W. Baehett, ai eooaael for The
Tribune. proaeated te tlie court his ar
gurnents, sho". ing that without e.xeep
tion the highest appeal courts, both
itntfl and Feoeral, had umformly held
that such an injunction was beyonil *he
powers of a court of equity, was in vio
lation of the State and Federal Con
. stitution and of the guaranteed pro.ee
i tion to freedom of the press, Jusiice
! Cohalan, before whom the matter araa
argucd, promptly vacated the injunc
J tion.
This ban having been lifted. The
Tribune soon afterward published dr.
Adams's "story" a* it Bed be. ?
nounced on Februarv 4, to which was
appeaded i recital of other damaging
r'acts diacorered by Tha Tribune Bu
? reau of Investigations after the in?
junction was granted.
Rose <? Fasku*, the attorneys for
Greenhut's, did not appeal from Jus?
tice Cohalan'* order vacating the in
! junction, but BOmfl weeks later asked
lor a discontmuance of the equity *uit
in which, in addition to the injunction.
the plaintitT ha.i asked for $200,1.
damagei for the publication of the an
nouncements ef th* Adam.< story.
Some time later Greenhut's brought
thc preiflBl libel suit, and the declara?
tion wa made by itfl iepreser.tr
for whieh they sought publieity la
trade journals and otherwisf, that th.y
had begun a $600,000 libel suit againit
The Tribune because of its publication
Adams articles about "The Big
Store."
As a matter of fact no libel r-uit has
ever been brought by Greenhut's or
by any one connected with that busi
*ith.r upon the tirst story pub?
lished in tha spring ef 1918 er upon
the Adams story against the printing
of which the injunction was sought and
which was published in the spring of
1919, The present libel suit il based
onls upon The Tribune's brief an
nouncements of that story which ap?
peared en Februarv 4, 1916.
The Tribune. nevertheless, Jnstiflei
il its answer not only upon the truth
of all that was contained in the an- ,
nouncements of th.- story, but upon
the truth of everything contained in
that r-'orv Iteclf, so far as it existed at
the time when such announcements
nere made. The an?wer i- in the
usual legal form of BUCh pn.ceedings. .
but the main defenc is the affirmative I
one of justification. both on the ground j
of the truth of the published matter I
and also on the ground of pn\ilege, as I
being a matter of unusual public con-1
cern. so that by thi* publication a
great public service was rendered.
Thi* portion of thfl answer tell- BOBJ
thrre had gTOWfl up in New York and
elsewhere in thfl country "a cla-- .>f
dealers BBd 8fl-4Jflllfld manufact ur.-r
nnd merchhift irhfl ^ere habitually
seeking to doeeive, mifllflfld Bnd Impoaa
upon the public" hy thrir false, d. ?
ceptive and fraudulent mflthoda of ad
vertising and method- of sale, and how
the evils resulting therefrom became
... gros! B8 tfl d'-nian.l public ,'VMn-iii
that eomplainta regarding thesi tl
of advertising and busines* methoflfl
had come ft> The Tribune from yi.tnn
i-.cd customers. ' frum reputahl. and
falr-dealing mai ctorei aad "if-'r;)
Cbanta and from tlie public general 1.. ?
Bfl The Tribune undertook fltl (B
vestigation of thfl Bwttar, Bmaiafld ita
Rureau flf lnve-t igation and prepara?
tions and publication of a leriflfl of ar?
ticles showing thfl fact- revealed by
the iBTflfltigationa. Samuel Hopkin*
Adams WflS the i.pert who wrote the
principal articles.
"The eonduct ot .-aid Inrestigationfl
and 'ho publicatio* ot inefa -' i ?
lf| , ft the aiisw.-r BtfltflS, "had r?n
dered a greal pub i - Barrlea prioi :?>
Pebruarj I, 191*5, in 'he eipoaare ot
?uch d.ceptive an.l mialflflding adrer
tising and othflr business method*,
abu*-e> and prBCtiCflfl* ifl ti"' pivvention
ot the Injarioua effecti thereof, m the
protection of buyeri of such merehan
dise and of customers who hnd been
Vietimized ifl the shops of said dealers
and so-called manufacturers and pio
prietors; in the protection of manu?
facturers an.l merchant., of high rcpuft'
an.l Btanding and of the public gener
ally and in btingiflg about the abflfl
donmcnt, from time to time, by many
of such Individuall and eoncerns, of
such bsd and dfln ?? l ? . I laiflflfla meth?
od* and practiee
The answer proeofldl to set fortn
thal the InTestigationi eonducted by
The Tribnn I thfll "('reenhut's."
or "The R;p Store." had been one of
the largr e-Uablishments mialflflding
and Iraposing upon the public by its
tril methodi of fld?*erti?ing flnd aala
Bnd i-ive- the detail* al gxan\ length.
ll allegflfl that thr prcsenl eorpora
tion has continued to follow *hc BBBM
metho.is as ita eorporate predece lor
ifl the same s'ore. whose bad prac?
tice* had already been expo*ed by The
Tribune, and that itfl BBrflflfl of In
vestipations had found some of the
most gtflting example- of thia in con
n-ction w.th th^ advertisementa and
the condu.-t of the A. [). MfltthflWa -ale
of |*oods
Fact* Get Out
'Ihe facts to .-how the tnrh of every
eharga made again I Gn n The
Tr bune publ al oi ' ' rtb ::t
?j ;,,. .. | ?:,-. Ihat what
is known as the ' HOBflfll Adv ??
I.aw" against BtislflBdiflg and decepftve
sdvertising and onnouneemehta, was
not in force when Th" Tribune Bl
about Greenhut'i wa< publiahed in the
spnng of 1916, but wa n i ffflflt at
the time that the plaintiff eonducted
the IfatthflWl sale in January, 1916;
that The Tribune's inrestigation "dis
eloaed the fact to be thal aid 8?
called sale at iaid Greenhut'fl store
-rai a fake and an Impoaitioa upon the
public. and that ifl the co.n-? thereol
the plaintiff longfal to and in fact d ?!
nnslead and diccive the publie hy ft
means and in the respectl hereinabo i
set forth and many others"; that thil
Honest Advertiaing i.a'-* maa intended
to and wa ? ifl flrdflr that ita
provisions might reaeh and apply to
and result in the punishmenl of those
who were knowingly roaponaiblfl for
the practice of such deceft; that the
presence in the itfltBte of the word
"knowinglv" \vas elaimed hy iome to
preaeat an obstaelfl to tha aneet
? ,ution of such a concern Bl
Greenhut's "because of the ditlieulfy
of estflbliahing the fact that particular
individual- had actual knowledge oi
the decep*ive or misleading method*
and practices used and followed in the
COnduet of tho business"; that if the
responsible individual- of C'reenhut'
saw such hope in the presen'.f the
word ?"knowingly"' in the statnte "and
were eonfident thal gui ty kno ?
eould bi ' b ? prov.-d againat them,
ind if Bneh eonfldence w?re well
founded iaid itatute had I
sccompliih ona of the iaid ehii
vital purpe ti enactment; the
cortinuation of .-uch methodi !
praetiees on the part of tha pla l
ln the faee of said Iflflr, '??'
actual -let'-unce thereof"; and that
under the circumstano- ie< forth
in the answer. "the fact was that tlie
plaintiff had eondueted sflid Mal
sale in the faee ?.f sflid itatute, ln
-rlolation of tha intents and purpose*
of the enactment thereof and ii
i of the provrisions theroof.1"
lt ii the e\pectation of Sl
pmai) <t "-''?' bbb, eounsel for The
Tribune, thal tha extraordinary evi?
dence in their posaession ln j;i-'
tion of Samuel Hopkin- \>
ehargfli againal Grflenhut'i will I
widespread attention to this nighl)
?
in court upon the trial. If thi
unneeessary delay Ib bringiag on the
trial or eva-ioi. of h judicial detcrmi
nation of the eBSfl upon Itfl mei I . '
will not he the def.ndant which has
resorted to dilatory tflfltics,
WANTS BRANDEIS
OFF COMMISSION
Chief Justice White Op
poses Another "Inva
sion of the Court."
- ?
W'a-hington, Aug. U. Delay in the
announcement of the three American
eomn. tfl he appointed by
P ?? IdflBl Wilson '.nfat wlth Car
ransa'i repi ? ? " ?
ment ..;' Itexiean bord.-r questiom hai
lieen eaused by the opposition of
.Justice White lo Jostiee Brandeii
riflfl on ' he eomn-..
President Wilson off.-red the |
Justice Brandeis, it ia declared, condi
tional on the cor sent of the Chief Jus?
tice. While the latter is declared to
appreciate fully the MntiflMBtS prompt
ing the President's choice. he i- under
stoo'i te feel ll -***?)-* more itrona
nv-a-iion of the Supreme
Court."
The Chiflf JoBtiefl ia said ft, rie-fl tl
much disfavor the gTOWiug practice of
using members of the Supreme Rench
for othflr than thflir proper duties. He
?hat the impartiality flf the court
will be impenlled If its member- are
brought into service on quflstioflj of a
political character. With Mexieo as a
leadiiig eampaign iaaa*, and the fact
that Justice Rr.mdei- ha< hardly taken
h'.? seat before he is called to aid the
Administration, the f'h.ef lual
declared tfl regard the anpou.tment Bl
partieularly opflfl to thlfl eriticism.
Chief Justice White for the >am'
rea-o'i il undflrsl.? tfl bflflfl opposed
Justice Hughes'.- resigration to accept
thr Republican nomination. The -e
lection of Justice Braadflia for the cum
mi**ion i* thus the second "invasion"
of the court within a short time. I
GUARD HEALTHY*
SAYSDARLINGTON
Ex-Health Commissioner
Sends His Report on
Border Conditions.
ASKS STEEL CARS
FOR THE SOLDIERS
Few lll and Food Supply of the
Very Best, Is His
Opinion.
Benaratfl beds for soldiers in train
porta, Bteel cars adnptable to
other neaI in times of peaee and an all
around increase of consideration for
the fighting man. are among some of
tha rccommendations made by Dr.
Thomas Darlington, who was sent to
tha border bv the Soldiers' Welfare
Committee of the National Civic Fed
eratioa. Writing from Eagle Pass.
Tex., I'r. Derlington says that food
and aanitery conditions among the
7,300 men there are of the very best.
Hr. D.irlmgton'.' reason for recom
mending separate beds for soldiers is
that bodilv contact tends to spread
.'. 1'rime factors to consider in
th<> care of soldiers, he writes. is to
get them to their destinations well
: aad well fed.
"There are those who think," he say*
?that if B man is a soldier anything
il good enough for him and he can
lo transported in a coal car if neces
sarv.and there is a mistaken idea that
there should be in the treatment of
troops o hariiening process. Men ir.
the militia regiments vho are perfect
ipecimena phyaieally, and the majority
moral, who are wiliing to give up their
buiinea. and even their lives for lov_
Of ciur.tr.. should b< held in the high
? . -:.-i m. and v.-e should do i-verv
thing r.. eonaerrfl their health. There
are innny whose views accord with
mme on this point."
To Disinfeot Bedding.
One suggestion made bv the doctor
to the army rne.'cal department for
the purchase of large steam sterilizers
?o ii?infcct all rrattresses, blanket*.
pillOWl nf'er DBfl bv ill soldier*
r..' clothing haa
tdoi ted.
Tha pre.enl communication from Dr
t..,,.!.. ,. .-om mittoe is a nre
tatemenl of hia ebeervetloni
? _ troopa compriBiag tare regi
? ? :. k . bbb, three from Ma i
ind one from Vermont. two r*__
of rsgalare, the Fourth Better.
. Artillery and four pontnon com
- of the engineers. He savs that
ent over nearlv all the kitehens
ding the fcod in excellent condition
and a balaneed dietarv in every case.
\ ery Few Are lll.
In the hospital he savs ther? wer
only l_0_ Vpr cent sick. mostlv due to
typhoid orophylaxifl treatment. Tho
onlv two deathi wera from accident.s
rhe dairies contiguous to thc camps
,, found to be in various de_r..e_
eanliaeaa, and reaehea the con
that oaly condensed or dried
milk or pasteurized local milk should
be uaed. Hc baa taken up the subject
of milk with the miiitarv authorities
at San Antonio.
When this report was mailed he was
ng for Mexico. to investigate the
odi of shinpmg food. particularly
periahabla goods. t0 Pershing's forces.
Ir i- stated by the committee that so
far Dnrlingtoa'fl reports have be?n
onlv prtlimiaary memoranda to the
Seeretary ef War, his full report to
laued when he returns. Sugges
tioni tO the mflr_i.nl department, it is
said, have been received in a spirit
ordial eodperatlon.
MEXICO'S ENVOY
WOULD QUIT U. S.
Arredondo, Who Dislikes
Americans, Is Ready
to Go Home.
Kmnr !_? f____M BflNM
MTaahiagtoa, Aug. 13. With Presi
on'fl acceptance of the Me.xi
o.iti commission. only the date of its
iiX being still uncertain, Ambua
I Arredondo is under
tood te regard his mission in the
I'nited States as virtually complete. It
il doabtful if he will ever present his
eredentinll at the State Department as
the oflicial repre.entative of Mexico.
Some time after the November elec
tioni for it is accepted that the com?
mission will Bit safcly past that crucal
period he will turn the embassy over
to a churge. or to his successor and re?
turn to Mexico City.
i;.tgnition for his services to the
in Washington is not
likely to be long wtthbeld on his re
? ., tha Mexienn capital. In fact,
looked upon here, because of his
experienee and long service, as Car
l*fl natural choice for the post of
Foreign Minister. Arredondo himself,
il is deelared, v. ill -eek retirement from
public life, which :-. di-'.asteful to him,
but tht- recent death of L'nder Secre
t.ry Amador. retrarded as the most
Capabla of Mexican ofiicials, has made
imbeaaedor'i eleretien to the For
? ign Oflee practically certain is the be
iere.
Arredondo will leave the I'nited
. it is understood, practically at
rn requeit He has the Mexican's
. for this country, and it is only
becauai ie patriotism that
he has remained at his post. Since he
har been in Washington it is doubtful
if he has made a single American
ti.end. Me does nol understand Am.r
:,. or' those he has em
I loved hc has never eritertaijjed one
under his roof.
Hii relations with the State Depart?
ment are also understood to have been
trying in the extreme. He has not been .
, able to understand the attitude of SflC
. rvtery I^ansing or of Counscllor Polk.
An extreme Latin American, like
'others ot his race he is -ensitive to a'
high degree on the ijuestion of na- ,
tional horuir. He has been espeeially
?.. . omprehend the Administra
eourflfl in invading Mexico with '
a punitivfl axpedition, or it- ?ubsequent
nxplar.| "< delay in withdraw
ing. But through his absolutc faith m
thc Preaident- i neerity of purpose he .
;s underatood to have counselled Car- |
rr.nza to moderation. and thus made I
I possible an ladjustment of difference. I
I between the iwo nationi. I
ADVERTISEMENT. _I_ADVERTISEMENT
^aksMompatty
Broadway at 34th Street
Hctfinmnff This Mnndaj) Morning
A Most Important Sale of
Silk Neckwear for Men
at $1.35, $1.00 and 69c
A special shipment of high-grade silk neckwear,
suitable for early Autumn wear, made by leading
foreign and domestic manufacturers of the finest
quality silks, in the most exclusive and richest designs
and colors imaginable.
A very rare collection of scarfs. different from
anvthing We have ever offered before, and at the
prices stated they are the best scarf values in New
York today.
The weaves include the very new?
est materials off the looms:?
Brocaded Silks. Fine Mogador Stripes. Plain Moga
dors. Indescrnt Cloth. Onental Weaves. Repps.
Regeji^Gep^ Mr-teor. Silk Francais. NoveUy_We^'*is.
Brochet Figures. Stj^peid^d^ojcai^Silksj^
Sale of Men's Shirts
at $1.45 and $1.85
A splendid collection nf shirts, made of the newest
materials, suitable for present and early Autumn
wear, in a variety of beautiful designs and colors.
All sizes :rom W -2 to 18i ?_?. including
sleeve lengths up to 36. Wonderful values.
Men's Fine Silk Shirts
at $2.95, $3.65, $4.95 & $5.95
A truly remarkable nfiVrir.g of high-grade silk
shirt.-s. marie of tho lines. <;uality silk. in a rare
a. sortment of riesi....,--. materiali and colors. ? Obtain
..ble in thc followirg w.aves:?
Crepe de Chine^Crepe Francais. Silk Faille. Tussah Cloth.
Broadcloth. Radium Siljt^l^Fjbre_and_^^L>____
To be had in plain colors and in
heavy satin stripe and cluster designs.
Todaff -Clearancc Sale <>f
Men's Straw Hats at $1
Every straw hat in our department with ihe ex
ception of Panamas is included in this event.
aMade of the finest straws in the very newest styles,
by foremost foreign and domestic manufacturers.
Also Men's Panama Hats
at $2.95, $3.95 and $4.95
Former Stock pricct ?>??> to $12.
None C. 0. D., exchanged or credited.
Freneh Cruiser Off Coast.
Several steamships arriving yester?
day reported having seen a four-fun
nelled Krench cruiser steaming to the
. a?tward of the Nontucket South
Shoata I.ightship. The master of thfl
Dutch steamship. MerauWe, from Ro'
terdutn. s_;d the war vessel trained h r
sear.hlights on him at 8 p. m. Satur?
day, and after observing his signaln
steamed away in a northeasterly Jirte*
tion.
Wall Street is only the
face of the clock
It is the ctfect, not thr cause. Bad. of it wliir all the complicated
cogs ol Big Boaines*. Back of its open f?e? dial lies a maze of
financial machinery ili.it only th?* _aster ?__!? have dkcipbefcd
and int-rpreted.
Garet Garrett
through hia "Buaineea Man'a Financial Page" in The New York
Tribune take. ron back oi the aeenea and pvti you in intmiatr
touch with thc . aried and fascinating activitics of industry and
finance.
Business men are tinding out that they can follow Mr. (-arrett'r.
pan with profit. His style is crisji. intercstiiur. authoritative. His
knowledge is first hand. His ariglr of ai.p.o... h is delightful.
No matter what may he your _____ of daily rndea\or. you
OWC it to yourself and to your po__H_M to pmpcrly understand
bu.iness conditionv Vou can do this to best advantage by keep
ing in touch through Garet (iarrett.
to-day in
Wxt ^xioxmt
lirst to Last?the Truth: S'c.is?l'.ditorialt?Advertisements
TRIBUNE _MBR*J_Ca

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