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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 14, 1916, Image 6

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Vou ean purchase merchandise adrertised in
THF TRIBI'NF "**?ith absolute safety?for
if dis?atl*factlon resnlts in any case THF.
TRIRVNFguaranteestopay yo*" money baek
npon IHBIBt No red tape. no Qulbbling. W e
make good promptly If the sdvertlaer doea not.
"PitileM Publicity" in Action.
Mr. Hughes started on his Yross-eonti
nent speaking trip on August 5. J"*t OOi
week later canre the announcement thnt
Prosidc-.t Wilson, who had expected to
conduct a quiet and peaceful "front porch"
campaign at Shadow Lawn, had decided co
stump the country in defer.ee of his Ad?
ministration, following closely the Hughes
itinerary.
It required exactly five days of Mr.
Hughes's straightforward, sincere and
vital presentation of his case against Mr.
Wilson's Administration to change the
President and his advisers from compla
cent, contcnted officeholders to anxious, ap
prehensive politicians. In that short time
Mr. Vance McCormick's patronizing com
mentary on Mr. Hughes's speeches gave
place to the agonized protests of Mr.
Bryan and Secretary Redfield against the
?UUMiiim that Dcmocracy's representa
tives had been successful rather as patron
age grnv bers than as statesmen.
"I'd like to have about six months to
investiga:e this Administration," ex
o'aimod Mr. Hughes in one of his recent
speeehes. Hfl ifl able to do good service to
the country without such special oppor
tunity to reveal the shortcomings of the
Demoerats, for he has presented with
forcfl and clarity that chal'.enge attention
-aipnment of the Wilson Administra
tion's v.-.akness, igiiorance, extravagance
DCflflj which has left it shaking.
!,|. m.-rciless- analysis of Mr. Wil
ever-changing Mexican p-liey has
.- the "he kept us out of war"
and has left clinging to
. nt'a shouldors the responsihility
"very urnoble war." Hia, discussion
, f Ii.:,- ri'.'ir appropriations has punct
vpocrisy of their talk of econ
and has disclosed to the country nn
travagance, of money-wasting
an.l mor.ey-grabbing for political pur
unequalled. Himself clean
j roll plundering and paying of
?political debtfl with public money. Tie has
Jed dobauching of the public service
f,,r the benefit of "deserving Demoerats."
Mr. Bryan calls \h\a criticism "vile and
.lisgusting." Truly, it is not gentle and
gracious work thus to exhibit the sores of
WUfloaism, but it ifl necessary if the coun?
try is to choose wisely between thfl candi
dates on Electkfl Day. The Wilson Ad?
ministration has made its record?a rec?
ord of brave words, but of Bome deeds
which do not look good in print. The "piti
less publicity" which Mr. Wilson promised
for the nets of his Administration has
long vanished, along with his belief in
civil service reform, the initiative. refer
endum and recall, a tariff for revenue only,
and Mr. Bryan. Mr. Hughes as Governor
was one who not only preached pitiless
publicity but made his deeds jibe with his
words. The country may rest assured
that he has not changed in fitting deeds to
words any moro than he has in believing
that the public rhould have all the facts.
In both respecta he stands superior to his
opponent.
A Cenaor'a Museum.
The main purpose in establishing a war
museum at the postal censor's office in
London was probably to influence neutral
opinion, to pejsuade those who murmur at
interference with neutral mails that by no
other means is it possible to cope with the
c fforts of ingenious Germans to avoid by
all sorts of devices the full consequences
ol the blockade.
Samples of many thousands of packets
of rubber show an astonishing variety of
tricka intended to deceive the inquisitive
i xaminer or to put him off hia guard. The
most obvious is a newspaper or magazine
roll containing sheet rubber or rubber in
some form or other. But that is, of course,
readily detected, nnd more complicated
means have been devised to catch the cen?
sor unawares. Thus, a packet of pure nib
bflflj is made to look like a bundle of narcis
sus bulbs and considerable quantities are
sent out in exact imitation of a well known
make of golf balls. But the commonest
plan of nll is to send thin sheets of rub?
ber in letters, in the hope, perhaps, that
letters would be examined with less care
than the parcel post. Thousands of-*uch
letters were seized, and in many cases it
was found that they had double covers, the
outer envelope being addrcssed to a neu?
tral whose duty it was to forward the con
traband artiele to Gerrrrany.
Many of the newspaper bundles contain
calii'O bags, containing a great variety of
articles, from Para rubber to rlce, tobaeco,
tea, oatmeal, lard, or fl-rflflj Bliced ham. One
heavy bundle of German-American papers
concealed two pounds of cofTV", another
packet, apparently intended oniy to Miit*Bj
h photograph, was fortified with bars of
nickel. One of the most remarkable of all
th* articles exhibite^ waa a wrappcr cov
cring .'tftcen ]>ounda of bacon.with atamps
|0 tho value of $4.
Tln. oxhibition is altogether a remark
able tostimonial to the effoctiveness of the^
bluokade. a testimonial which it would tuk6
a fleet cf Deutachlands to annul.
The Conspiracy Against Sleep.
The cminent rcstauratcur of Broadway
who saw a Grrman conspiracy in the eom
p___fc_1 of an inhabitant of a nearby apart
? ment house, follows the aound military
thcory of always attacking. But the move
is tactica) solely. Kverybody in New
'York not congcnitally and totally deaf
knows that the one great conspiracy of
our mctropolis is against sleep. There is
neither nationality nor politics in this
Vampaipn that never ends. Such sweet
strains as this particular restaurant ihcdl
'upon surrcundinp apartment house dwell
. rs may bo Pranch or Chineaa. T'ney help
swel. tlM preat bang-whang, boom-tor-ray
in which, night and day, New Yorkers
M thoir souls.
"An carly-morning madhouse that ought
to be put into a deep.wood far from hu?
man habitation." was what the com
plainant called this particular restaurant
before the i.ia.r'.istrate. But why gwallow
'all the unnumberod miscellancnus hoots
and toots and clangs and tinkles that till
our atmosphere and strain at one mad?
house? No doubt this particular form of
bedlam keeps going ? little longer and
earlier. But all noise is relative, and we
bave DO doubt that if the jirrsent uproar
parS-Bta for a few gencrations espeeially
thick and insensitive ear drums will de-,
velop corresponding to the callous spots
We already wear upon our souls?and!
what New Yorker,even now, eould sleep in j
genuine, utt.r silence?
'No. New York'is already and evcry
where and all around the clock a mad?
house in respect of noise and nobody can
rightly complain.
A Jutland Myatery.
As it is evident that several circum
stances in the recent enpapement off the
coast of Jutland were not accounted for'
either in Sir John Jellicoe's dispatch or in
the official reports published iti Germany,
so in all independenl attampta to recon-i
struct the battle critics are obliped to em-,
ploy hypotheses in fillinp up the hiatuses:
and axplaining such incidents as have not
bitherto been explained by those who wit
: them. It ii ?ighiflcant that in Sir
David Beatty's report of the proeaedingi
of the hattlc-cruiser fleet there is no in-*
dication to show when or how the Inde
ible and Queen Mary were sunk,
while in the nnofficial nmrrativei which
have passed under the eye of the <??
there is a hint of conscious suppressiin,
aa if certain facts concerninp tbe sinkinp
of these aa well as the third battle-cruiser
?ithheld, perhaps for fear
of pivinp useful information to the m
Mr. Poilen, while n.akinp it eleai
that both were blown up at a very early
stage of tbe enpapement, intimates that'
: ot at liberty to enter into "the true'
explanation," addinp that "the Admiralty,
ibt, will pive this to the public if it,
ia thoupht wiae to do
When rhe flrat moapre accounts of the
I attle reached this country a conclusion
commonly drawn was that the advanced
squadrons had been caupht in a trap. It
waa tho obvious explanation of the loss of
the battle-cruisers, and it was also put for?
ward by several critics abroad. All ofl
them ?_-_** now to have abandoned it in <
the li'.'i." ' ? further evidence, but it ap-;
pears that many naval officers hcre still'
:? ai the most reasonable explana
?lri dismis? the explanations offered
i ihn Jellicoe, Sir David Beatty and'
all Britiah, Preneh and Japanese se?.men
aa biaaaed, if not, indeed, deliberately in-;
Ivented to excuse a gross tactical blunder.
Their belief is simply this: That the!
Germans led the British battle-cruisers
lon a course of their own choosinp overj
-.submarines or mines placed in position for
that very purpose. On no other pround,
they say, is it possible to account for the
loaa of two such units in the first half hour
of the aetion. Mr. Polc-n's express state?
ment that neither torpedoes nor mines
had any part in the matter is apparently
i accepted as evidence that they had.
What was the tactical blunder that led
tn this lamentable disaster? Accordinp to
these censors it was nothinp less than a
reckless abandonment of one of the first
'< principles of warfare, which is to bring to
bear upon the enemy at the point of con
Itaet a preater force than he can put in op?
position. What Sir David Beatty ought to
bave done, they hold, was instantly to turn
northward toward the.main fleet. Thus
'he would have effeetcd concentration, and
;had the Germans failed to follow they
'would have been obliged to aeknowledge
that they declined aetion, thereby greatly
enhancinp the prcstige of the British navy,
to the manifest prejudice of their own
wsjoraL The case is so simple that any one
who offers to think otherwise must, they
.-.c, be ntterly ignorant of the very
elements of naval tactics.
It is true that the case Is simple, so.
simple that we are surely justified in as
Buming that Sir David Beatty must have
had something else in mind. Let it be re
:::en._/?red that when he first met the Ger?
mans* they turred south, evidently try?
ing either to escape or to lead him into
danger. He must bave been very well
aware of the risk he ran in following,
very well aware that it would have been
?___< r to steer to the northward. But had
he not followed the Germans, the main
flOQtl. as Sir John Jellicoe has pointed out,
would never have been in contact. Is itnot
safe, then. to assume that his object was
to draw the enemy, as he put it himself,
into the jaws of the British fleet? He had
six battlc-crflisert. apainst Hipper'_ five.,
and had he done what some tacticians
say he oupht to have done, is there any
n to believe that he eould have ac-,
[___od his purpose? Is there any
? why Hipper with his inferior squad
lLin bhouid have followed?
Tbe tactical considerations on wbich off-J
hand condemnntion of Sir David Beatty
are based are really a Httle too elementary
to be nltogether cunvinclng. There is an
uluindancfl of examplca ln naval his?
tory for the Biibordination of obvious
tactical truiBnis to Btrategic considera
tions, and it is by no means clear that in
this case Sir David Beatty was excessive
ly hot-headed or that the resultfl did not
iustify his action. It is inconceivable that
if the losses of the Germans come near Sir
John Jellicoe's estimate they can pOfl-rfbly
regard the result with complaccncy. But,
it may perhaps bc urged, the circunistances
were such that they were able to claim a
victory. True; but they claimed a victory
with no less assurance after the disastrous
. ngagen.ent off tho Dogger Bank in Janu
?ry. 1916.
ln concltision, censure is undoubtedly
ju.-tilied if we must accept Captain Sims's
opinkM that the British had no business
te invite a general fleet action or to at?
tempt the destruction of the German fleet,
'because they already had as eomplete
CcntTOl of the sea as would have rcsuiu-d
from the defeat of the enemy fleet." On
the opposite side we have the opinion of
some English onthusinsts that a Hritish
naval commander is obliged to attack in
??ontinently against any odds. That ahsurd
belicf in a non-existent tradition may be
dismissed as unworthy of serious consid
eration, but we can dismiss it without
accepting Captain Sims's singular ar?
gument, though that argument be ampli
tied by'trite tactical maxims.
Preparedneas for Epidemica.
In the course of some observations on
the current outbreak of poliomyelitis, Dr.
Charles K. North makes a plea in "The
Medical Record" for the establishment of
a bureau of epidemiology. He holds that
with all our elaborate machinery for the
administration of sanitary measures we
are nearly always at a loss in dealing with
epidemic diseascs, and that in the history
Of this city it would be easy to point to
"instance after instance of this sort of
unpreparedness."
ExeeUent in other respects, our De?
partment of Health is, he thinks, singu
larly weak in this. for where iV'has not
entirely inissed the diseovery of the true
cause of an op'demic, the outbreaks re
corded have ponoed thei* course uninter?
rupted, and in some instances for weeks.
and even months. unan.'iour.ced."
With regard to the present eondition, he;
points out that thfl emergen.-y measures j
adopted men at first manifestly inade-1
qUBte, for whilfl great emphasis was laid
on the cleaning of streets. the disposal of
garbage and aanitation generally, it waa ?
month before any steps were taken for tbfl
control of contact zmaet nn 8*viotia pre
eaution. flinc* the diflease is unquo.-tionably
rontagious and contact infogt i.m ifl indeed
the only well established means of trans
mission.
lt is in the hope of providing against
the usuai panicky and unsystemaft-' way
of dealinp with such emergencie.s that he j
proposes a special department of epidemi-:
which he thinks should be organized
"just as a iire department is organized"?)
that is to say, with ? perfect alarm system1
and a force sufficient for specdy and well
directed action when the occasion comes.
?'Si.ch an organization," he says, "might
well be included within the regular Depart?
ment of Health, but so eoaineeted with the;
various special departments, such as the;
diagnostic laboratory, statistician, re-j
search laboratories, sanitary inspection;
service, disinfection service, etc, that all,
Of these departments can be instantlyj
swung into line, not aimlessly, but as in-j
struments in the hands of the epidemi-1
ologist."
It may be objected that such a depart?
ment would bfl condemned to considerable
perioda of relative inacti\ity, but, as he
obl ervee, the same objection might be m-de
with equal justice against the Fire Depart?
ment; besides, there would be work enough
to do in preparing against epidemics al
? rtain to prevail in the future. Thus,
steps might even now be taken against the
influenza of next winter, the scarlet fever,
meaalafl and whooping cough of next
spring.
One good result of such preparedness
would undoubtedly be a calmer and more
sober spirit on occasions of emergeney.
When we were overtaken by a new epi?
demic we should not all lose our heads and
behave as if it were the only disease that
ever threatened the community.
Goflernor Hanly'a Uniqne Geiture.
(JThbi The Boston /?f'-nld )
Oovemor Hanly i* a man of a single ge?
turt. His Iflfl band is the *nvil, hlfl right
hand the hnrnmer. He presented Fairbank*
Ifl a speech of tedious length. The grest con
\ention wa* unsympathetic. It was eager for
him to get through.
After he had pounded down his truths for
? ome time a group of waggish individual*. led
by lolonel Frank Knox, then a delegate from
MiehigBB and now editor of "The Manchester
ft\*. B.) Union," began to chorui with the
BBflflher in the hammer and anvil gesture. It
was not long before every time Hanly brought
his right haid down on his left 500 other
persons were doing so, and eventually 6,000.
Thi* turned hi* so'.emn pa??age? into an occa?
sion of unmixed merriment, until our own
Senator Lbdge, the chairman of the conven?
tion, wa* obliged to interrupt the gpeaker to
eall the house to order, even threatening to
clear the palleries.
We should accoftlingly fldfliflfl Mr. Hanly in
his appearance* on the stump in this cam?
paign to develop *nnie diversiftv in gesture*.
In thi* re.-pect he could take our own former
t'.overnor as a model. While he has never
enjoyed any technical instruction in elocu
tion, he cpeaks with ease, using no ge?ture
which any of his hearers can remember or de
scribe. That is a fundamental of oratui- '.<
u?e the gflflflfl *o naturally that everybody
forgi-ts its presence.
Obstinate Folly.
To the Editor of The TnSune.
Sir: In hanging Sir Roger CflflflflBflBt tha
'. Hritish jroverunn :,t has dehberately
r'.tytd in the baada ii Germany. It is one
of the most inerclib'e acts of obstinate folly
that ever wa* conniiitt.-.l by BB| body of men
calling itself a government.
BEKTKANS SHADWELI*.
Chicago. Aog. 10, 1910. _ J
REGRET FROM AN ANTI
Mr. Hnfhea Haa Given Prominence to a
Movement Fundamenlally Wrong.
To thfl Editor of Tha Tribune.
Sir: Such promlnenee haa been given to
the queation of woman auffrage hy the ad
,vocacy of tlie Federal amendment by Mr
Hughes that I feel it my duty to express
my regret for thr Mund taken !?>' Him on
the question, which ao vitally affects not
only tlie women, but the Constitutiott of
the I'nited States.
I cannot see the justice in forcing a Fed?
eral amendment upon itatea whieh have
given ouch overwhelmlng majorities again-it
any question as have been given against wom?
an suffrage. Would a successful candidate
for office or those who elected him con
sider it just and fair that, in spite of tht
tsiahm of tho majority who hiive elected him
t.. office. n niinorify ure to say that hia de
reatad opponent should occupy the position
rlghtfally belonging to him?
Would .Mr. Hughes, for instance, if he
won the election by a large majority, be
tatUfled to r_t.fi in favor of Mr. Wilson
if the latter's supportera made enough noise
and disturbance about it?
Jf a cause is nght. why not win a falr
rieteiy in a fai. a*ay. Btata hy state, that
ifl all we ar-k win. op;iose it.
Tljis is a question not of "men against
women," but of a different viewpomt amonf_
wom-Mi themselves. The women who are
oppeaed feel they are fighting for the pro?
tection of their homes, their cex and their
country. Women oppose this dangerous
?OveaaeBt because they know that it is
fundamentally wrong and a tliing funda
? .iv wiotig can never be right.
The men reted :it ,he recent elections as
their women Bl kad Ihctn to vote. The
r.uffragista were given every opportunity to
prove their case to the eiectorate. Ne ob
stacles were placed in their path. They
a..kcd the legislatora not to decide it, but j
to allow the people to vote on it. The,
voters have expressed thiir will in no un
certain terms. Now the suffragisti wish toi
override that will and try to get tlieir way;
through the aource they once scorned to j
have decide it
The amusing part is to see the suffragists :
clingir.g far power to their present "non
parti'anship" --the very thing we claim wc ]
will lose an women, if we are thrown into!
politics. The tremendous power thnt wom-j
tfl now hold will he lost forever with. all
women either Republicans or Democrats.
Idea Bf B "woman's vote" would be
ludicrou.s if it were not so pathetic to se.
how some who should know better actually
believe in it. What woman woiihj allow
BBOtber woman, or body of women, to dic
ttfl ta h<-r? She mifcht allow a man to do
ro, but not a woman.
;.-,- thfl wav, where are the men?
i LAXA VEZIN'.
Chairman of the Executive ('ommrtee of the
National Association Oppeaed to Woman
SufTrage.
beth, N. J., Aug. 11, 1916.
Funereal Moving Pichirei.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Bln I have noticed in the papers recently
Beveral protests against the suggestive and
ofteirtimes immoral scenes introduced into
otherwise high-class motion pictures.
I add my protest. Are acts of libertinism
pleaaiag to the majority of people?
I wish further to protest against the death
and burial scenes that occur in nine out of
ten of the motion pictures.
Why || nothing left to the lmagination ?
The last terrible rnoments, the ghastly fnces
on the pillows, the drawing up of the eover
and the weeping of the relatives; often the
digging of the grave and the mourners
arouad the mound-?all these detailfl arc
minutely earried out, Do motion pieture au
dieneea enjoy having their emotions played
upon in this way (or have they no em
tioBi l!
Can it bc that scenario writers and the
men who produce motion pictures have never
been bereaved themselves that they portray i
so glibly these harrowin?- scenes?
After a great loss ifl my own family the
twe of us who are left have lately turned
to motion pictures to get away for a while
from our rorrows. But in nearly every
pletnra we are confronted by these scenes
of illaeai nnd death.
l\ -nems to me that life is cruel enough
to most people at times without having the'
knife turned in their wounds hy motion
nictures, which should be a pleasant diver
sion? J. W. TOWNSEND.
Newark, N. J., Aug. 9, 1916.
A Dangerous Politic-I Body.
To the Editor of The Trihune.
Sir: Comment on **8taacfl KaiaeriatV
.?"coiul letter seems unnecessaty. "The dan
lereni politieal body" he mc-ntions, "which
will hold the balance of power in this coun?
try and bc able to dictate its policies," may
be more thaa a boa<t. lf already a fact, as
some believe, it ll an argument for anj
American blacklist, politieal, social anj eco- j
nomic.
We have beheld "Kaiserist" made secure
in asking for a list of the convictions of
Gennan-American citizens for crimes against
the neutrality of the t'nitcl Itatea, crimes^
for which it is sisnit'icunt that they have
been tried, and equally signiticant that they j
have heen acquitted. Our present govern-;
ment gave o_t that it would not act concern?
ing England's blacklist, and then the See-j
retaiy of State made haste to deelare this
parely domestic meusure "an unwonted in
?n.e with the rights of our citizens."
The u'.'tion of this force upon our govern?
ment has been detailed ifl "The Congres
*ional Record" by a statesman of courage?
Senator Paul O. Husting. His speech of
April 27 in the Senate -"Our Foreign Pol
* | worth obtaining from the Govern-!
ment Printing Office.
I am not "an Englishman resident In
Ameriea" erccept as that residence was taken
up ph?r to thfl Revolution by an aneestor.
I number Americans of German aneestry i
among my friends. We are of that large
body of Americans who agree, not disagree,
with "Kaiserist" when he says that his
"dangerous politieal body" will not "inure.
to the benetit of the country." W'e take
thi- body ?eriously, not as a threat, but as
an indic-.tion that our previous preoccupa
I th bveiaeaa has heen unfortunate.
Cornwall, N. Y., Aug. 10, 1916. R.
Tbe Unspeakable Chinese.
To the Editor of fhe Tribune.
Mr. A. Miller Wiison, Ifl The Tribune
of Augu-t '.?. .uggests that a book in thc
New York Public Library which "runs the
Scot-.h down to the ground" shoul-l be re?
moved from the shelves of the library.
There is a book on the shelves of the New
York Public Library entitled "The Citizen
r.f th.- v. ??'.!." bv an Eag-liali writer named
nli\er tloldsmith, which cr.ticir-es the Chi
?
"I:. defence of a good people" I demand
that this pernicious book be removed from
the shelves of all public libraries.
SING LEE.
Long Iiland City, Aug. 10, 191..
THE DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY
GERMAN ATROCITIES
Judge Nippert's Attempt to Excuse Thera
Unconvincing.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
B ri ta reply to Judge Nippert's many
temeata rt ('erman atrocities, would
ref.-r your readera te the able and truthful
? of Viscount Bryee, former Rritish Am
lor to the United States, who, with fl
committee, went to Relgium to investigate the
horribla atreeitlea committed on those help
less people. I wish you had the space to
?o meatioii some more of the berriblfl
bateherlBB, the brutal violation of young and
0ld women which are mentioned in that re?
port, copies of which can be procured in this
city. I will merely mention one case as an
example of many o'hers.
The rector of the Louvain University. thc
Vlcfl-BeCtor BUhop Dr. Becker, whom I
.., nonaUy, president of the American
Baralnary ' part of the university). who was
fonaeriy Biahep "f Wilmington, Del.; Mon
seiirneur Wi'.liamson, an American prie. t. to?
gether with 140 priests and ecck-siastics,
were sent to BrflflBfllfl in old, dirty cart-,
Matad on ban of potatoes, etc. On reach
iBg Turvirin. n suburb of Brussels, they
(.arcbfld the prieetfl, and in the pocket of
Father Dupieraux they found on a flyiea.
.. private note giving a description of the,
__f.raet.Ofl of the university wr.h its price-j
|MI library, Bt Peter's Church and a great
many buildings. When the paper had been
read an.l trnr.s'.ated. there was silence for a
mirute. Father Dupieraux asked to be al?
lowed to receive absolution. "Absolution!
araa the brutal reply. He
nuwered, "Te see .1 nriest." They assented.
_ nri.^t fldeaaeed. Father Dupieraux kne.t
down aad the priaat heard his confe.sion and
gave him absolution.
"Thirty yard* from us," says the *?**???'
who related tha brutal assassination, "Fa?
ther Dupieraux was or-lered to halt. Four
soldiers were liaod up ten yards in front of
us. The order to fire was given. Father
Dupieraux fell. There wns silence for two
minutes. The father's arm still moved; the
victim was diapatehed by a bullet in thc
e and buried."
A'.l thia is related by Father Schill. an
? .lesuit priest, who was one of the
party and witaeeeed this horrible murder.
-e Nipnert reports that the beautiful
Hotel de Ville City Hall* of Louvain was
not burned. This was no fault of the Ger?
man vandals, ns they set it on fire several
times, but each time the fire was extin
gui.hed.
,!ud;;e Nipnert writes of the so-e.-lled atroc
?? thfl Ceeeaeka in Eastern Pri?sia.
ble, and am glad an Amer?
ican lady, a resident of Poland, the wife of
a Russian nobleman, has written under her
own name the unnrintable outrages of the
Qanaaa aoldlara while in oecupation of her
section ar.d the terrible condition she found
her home in nft<*r the b'rutes left it.
lf the Germans were successful they
would be a menace to the world. Now is
the time fov Ramania. Holland and Scnn
dina*T.a te j?!ii the Allies. which would en
able heroic little Denmark to recover the
rieh pForiaeei el Holstein and Schleswig,
whieh the (Iermans stole from her.
The destruction of her largest merchant
steamer was nn act of war against Holland.
It is un histOfieal fact that at the sur
rer.der of Cerawallta at Yorktown among
.ilf. ta - surr.ndered fourteen
were German.
I hope our people are not forgetting that
large numbers of Hessians were hired for
money to light against us in the Revolu
tionary War, and that Raron Steuben was
a r-oKlier of fortune who joired our
arn.y for all the morey there wns in it.
Y\ e have been dining and wining the offi?
cers ar.d crew of rhe Deutschland, and I am
nfraid we are forgetting the atrocious mur?
der of 11") men, women and children on board
?x ?? Lnaitaaia, who were sent to their death
-.vi'hout aay warfllBf. and even now they are
dropping bombs from the Zeppelins on the
aleepiBg women ard chi'dren of our klnsmen
in Eaglaad. Is this legitimate warfare? No,
it is deliberate muid-r!
In to-.iuy's p.ipers I find a threat from a
eaiiaapoadant that when the Germans ?re
virtonous the United States will be brought
to account for helping the Allies with am?
munition.
I have lived in Belgium for ten yeara, and
one of my daughtera still ttffll in Bmiiil*
BBd* she recently lost her husband Ifl the war.
This beautiful country b-fore the war wa* a
Pflrfflflt beehive flf ir.dustry. It is the BBOflt
Ihickly populated country in the world an.l
contained one of the most ordeily and hap
piest of peoples in all Europe. Socialism and
anarchy have never gained a foothoLd Ifl
Belgium an.l never will. Belgium has gained
the admiration of the whole world for BBfl
ir.g Europe from the domination of the God
forsakeu, brutal Germnn*. who were checked
by thflflfl heroic Belgian soldier* from reach
ing Paris, when they thought the road wns so
easy. I would liken them to a burg^r who
wa* once succe*?ful and got a great loot
and who thouuht he would try apain for some
I mnre of what was left. The German (Tflfl
lerflflieBt has had a covetous eye on Belgium,
for years past, and wanted Antwerp for Bfl
export and import depot. If successful in this
war the Germans would also have taken Hol
land, ns the great port of Rotterdam is at
thfl mouth of the Rhine and all foreign goods
1 for the Rhine provincea have to be landed
Bt n.ftterdam, where the goods are taken flpl
| the river as far as Mannheim in great barges,
Iholding as much as severs! thousand tonsj
each.
I lived in Germany for two year? and went:
' there somewhat prejudiced, but I found the
I Germans among the best, most honest ar.d
i courteous of all the people I met in any
I country Ifl Europe. as my official duty for the
| United States government brought me in
contact with the people of nearly every coun
i try in Europe, ir.cluding Russia. -
CHARLES J. MURPHY.
Yew York, Aug. 2, 1916.
Where Eflery Dollar Couots.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: As attention has been recently
drawn to the case of nn organization forj
war relief work in which it would appear
that the funds collected 3vere alleged to have
bflflfl applied in toto to the collector's private;
account. rather than to the purpose forj
which V.tey had been donated, it may not
be amiss to refer to a pleasing ccntrast pre
1 sented by the Surgical Dressings Committee,
located At 290 Fifth Avenue.
Here Ifl an organization headed by Mrs.
Mary Hatch Willard and Miss Carita Spen?
cer. with bfiflfl Anne Morgan as treasurer,
which, without having solicited B penny 'a
few trirling voluntary contributions have
drifted Ifl), without any executive salaries or
o\erhead expense-s whatever, wi*h a payrol!
i of Bflrbflpa ?""?'"' a week l'or postage, office
help and packing room labor I no wages over
$10 a week), has made up and shipped some
-even million surgical dre*sings to the hos?
pitals ol' the Efltflfltfl Allies of the European
war, all at not a cent of expense to the
reripients.
These women hnve r.ow been asked by th>*
Sam Vork State ur.its of the American Red j
Crois to assist them in procuring necessary j
:,urvical dres-irgs for our f.eld and baie hos
pitala at the Mexican border, *o the end that!
our own roen asay not be lacking in them in i
case flf necessity. The labor for theso
dressings Sflfl be supplicd without cost, but
the inaterials will in this eass have to bc
bought, and there is no money at hand for
the purpf-se.
Wil! not the public eontribute it without
special solioitation, which would cost some?
thing by way of collection cxpe-ftses? Dona- i
tion* should be *ent to Mi*s Anne Morgan/
| at 2'.'0 Fifth Avenue. Every dollar will go |
into the purchase of raw materii-ls and fer
i.o other purpo?e.
BURCHAM HARDING.
New York, Aug. 9, 1916.
Lcarnin*** Out of School.
Tfl the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Wlll Harry Horoff kir.dly inform a
!ong suffering public how he performs the
miracle of keeping uhead of his leflflflflM, gain
I ing high marr.<, et'-., aa he Btfltflfl, although
atteriding gchool only about half time? Per?
haps his method wil! prove to be the relief
i'or which we are leeking. If ohi.dren can do
so well out of *choo!, why should any of us
condemn our ofTspring to the unnatural con?
ditions a:-.d Blow, t.irtuous routi.-ie of the
public school* by compeliing them to daiiy
attendancu and permitting tham to be im
,,n with two or three hours' home work
besides, the trend of which is surely causing
them to hste studies and ln some eaie* cre
ating mental inability to atudy at all?
Maybe ?ome r?f us will gladly embraee the
."ewish faith if by so doing we can save our
children e.live. L. S. R.
Brooklyn, Aug. 9, 191*.
GERMAN PROPAGANDA
Hope for a New Kind in Place of That
Which Failed.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
.?ir: In a letter which appears in to-d-j.
Tribun.e Mr. Shields includes my r.ame amor.g
i the German propagandists in thia B ?
I flriflb to reetify any wrong mipreision left
in the minds of some of your readers by
Btatiflg that I am neither in the pay ot *?_?
German government nor connected with ar.r
organizcd propaganda.
The criticism and satire bdfltowfld
Bhleldfl on the German prBpaffaadiati ??*_
B io far as they work under
orders and BW_fl_ Bgaiaat an adverflfl
They do their very best under most tryin;
circumstances. They ransack, day by day,
the presi from Boston to New Orlea ll and
1 rancisco in order to keep the ' ' l
Press Bureau and Foreign ' '
informed about the state of current Ar-ienetn
opinion. They fi'l econonic arehive. with
valuable r.ewupaper clipplng", nn.i Beea p!*n
a culttiral department which night Berra ai
a basis for the future betterment of Amer?
ican relations with Germany.
I can hear Mr. Shields object: But ifl r.ot
these armchair theorists forg. I I I "?
American press more than any orher ll th.
world works up and recasts rather rh BB rt
flects public opinion, which in a young com?
munity consisting of a mot'.ey crowd of na
tionalities is of necessity in a constant flu*.!
Unhappily, the source from whvh the Ccr
mar. propagandists draw ther ' -?' ""
iatad matter mueh more thar. social
thoue-ht. George Sand donned a boy's clothei
and fiequented the Paris night eaf.l before
_he ventured to write her BBggeatiVfl no??l*
on Pansian life. It might help con?:dersbIy
to clear official Germany's views of Amereaa
opinion if her New York | r.gtitrt
freely associated with statesmen and tehol
ars, merchant8 and manufacturers, publlflBfl*
and editors, instead of confiir.ng their BHag
intercourse to German-Amencar. ?r:<i ttO>
German circles. At preaent Berllfl cfficitj
dom sees the substance of current opirion in
thc United States through a glass darkiy, and
cognizes fleeting ghadows instead of tbttr
renlity.
That the actual German propaganda in >?*?
York is a distinet failure and harmful to the
German cause is admitted by irs onginator.
Dr. Dernburg, in a letter which liei before
me, advises the New York propagar.diit*ita
keep silence, though ha did not practiafl him?
self when he was over here what he now
preaches.
A prominent Columbia professor asked ?
short time ago: What is the use of turnin*
out pamphlets by the score on every pos?:0'?
Aliied subject to which no reasonab!- Amer?
ican will listen now since the aJgBBBBBl
comes from the opposite camp* Yet our
public libraries are flooded with liUratTtfa
isaued by Dr. Albert's New York press agency.
It deelfl with the collapse of Ruai ifl fln*?.**
Fraaee-Itallan aborainatloi ' [?'!}**
crime of having started the wnr
matter, on which It iJ too early to decide one
way or the other Goethe once blimed tf
poets for the decadenee of poetry. Ia r.ot rhe
failure of the GerflBBB propapanda n -*?***
York chiefiy the fau'.t of the c'.um?y method.
?mployed bv thfl propagan.!
correct Ifl forflfltalllBg cU
a aid Geraaaay after the war. and ib
... of a Germanic bona
? Bllghtily ?vii!r | - - ?' a'"1 "
ow wavfl, a ??>
German propaganda which arill forther Amer?
ican as well as German, aye. GermaBJ*. '^
terests wil*. be cordially welcomed by ejre'7
right thinking and patnotic Amencai. P*f
fes*or Munsterberg, who never conscloajay
alienated American sympathies. ii pernapJ tr
httest instrument for imtiatmg that -u,jr'
movement which. in the nature of thiafB, ca
only be preparatory und tentative as '???
as the war lanta. The Harvard psycholof*
?s genera'.lv respeeted. and affords thfl *m
oroof that a man can be a loyal G?rm?
without rendering himself odiou* to tha eom
munitv where he dwells as a gue-t. aeea m
Professor Shepherd. the Columbifl h itonB*
is the best example that a loy.' ***"*"
citizen does not forfeit the right of s**a?
pathizing with whatever eause he coBflid*
The old German propaganda Is dead! La>I
lire the propaganda! ?__?__?__
ERNEST P. HORRVrlTa.
? Nav York, Aug. 10, l.l*. ____^

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