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Mcuj ttork tXribunc
k*a? Fir.t to I.aat?Ihe Truth: Neaa a?Kditoriala? Aiherinrnients. TUM14V. BKPTI MBI ? I IBI* ()a:.rd a I r ? * ' *' r ' a.-a !??? J.aiar,. ,..??- .-??-.. ? a ? ...... | ? Bulldtm ? Niui. artnaai BBBl m aacaiTTlOS I * I Us - ? *? ? ' i '? .' ??. ' ?.. York . , 4 ., rto I "? ' t . | . ?-?? ?? J _ ; , . * . ? i 4 . ? ? ? ' ? 'J' . . i . roUFI'lV BATT-S a ? a F* I Ail V AM' t af ? IND BI M-..V ... l < > ! , . ... . , .... a.n Bl-M_l ??! V ' ? T. ? > a - ? ? - .1 i a ?.. ?*?'' ,. , _ , _?" ? "* ONLT al "N,T- ,, f < a n , | .,? i a -<?'?? Boaaal Ou. You can punhnv ru< r< handi-e advcrtiaed in Thi TRIBI si arith Bbaolatfl aafoty?for if dlaaatiafactioi roaahfl la aaj eaaa IHE TRIBI SE gnaraatcci topaj yoai bbobov !>*'k upon rciiu?at. Na real tapc. Noajalahliai. Wa make good proniptl.v il Ihe advertixr does not. Muddling the Monroe Doctrine. Thr It to adjourn without reccivinp from thr Stata Department the treaty through which Mr. Wilaon and Mr. l been pla ahunt aaide the Monn ?? ?? ae*t doctrine of Pan-Americaniara. What haa that inter. itinj : :f> Tribune'a Wa.-hinpton diapatchea reported the other ,iay thal 11 bi been pigeonholed becauae of the feai I I I Mibmiaaion would lead ti> a highly eml '"n "! th0 Ineonai t? the Adminiatration'a Mcxiian, Haytiai . aa and I,(? ininican policiea. In his Shadow I.awn address Mr. Wil Bon said that ha lad failed to protect American livea and property in Mexico be cauag he did doI i i abridga the ripht of tha M< i can people to indulge in revolu tinn. That waa an acho of a sentiment which he expresaed in hia annual mi ,,, (',,.,; . ber. Recalling then Bome phra ? Virginia Declaration of Riphts, he announeed that ba atood for the inalienable righl of a people to change their governmenl by force, even though, aa ha now adda, roch a revohition may in volve greal viol< nce to the righta of neigh boring peoplea. Yet one ol the aectiona of the Pan American LeagtM treaty provided for puaratiteeinc by joint action the atability of each exiating American governmenl and for d inti mclng revolution by withholdinp all military supplies from revolutionary factiona. The Pan inn i bj eonvention would hind the United Stat. nize the ter ritorial integrity and complete political independemv of every oxistuip I.atin Ameriean republic. Under the Monroe Doctrine we have promised to proted these I.atin-Amer:.'a'i nationi Bgainal aggrea sion on the part of European powera. We have done that primanly in our own in ? ? fy our position in the \\ rrn Hemiaphere. Bi I are have never eon template I givii g thoae republica which are backward and miagoverned a free hand to omhroil us with Europe to kill European residents, destroy or conflacate European property, repudiate E iro] or in trigue with European powera to our dis advantape. The Urii1 must judpe for itself how far it shall pivc bonda to respect the Bovereigi l I ackward republica whoae independence we guarantee apainpt European coercion. Wa I.a1.' attached limitationa to Cuba'a Boveri gntj We have eatabliahed a over Nlcaraarua Inlcan Republic Mr. Wilson himaelf aei I - into Ilayti and ? the Hayl an govern ment a tre;. m American pro tactorate. With it d. :laring war he has twice diapatched military expeditiona into f Mexico and occupied afexican territory for months at a time, ii the protesta r,f axistii ?-? M< ? rnmenta?one of them - : I >' him againsl ? ?? ? ' Yet al! the while he an Mi I.ansmp have been working <???? a conventioi clemninc: ;n pi i policy of ir.ter vention in I ard and mis govaraed which they have pursued indei a legitimata in ttrjir- ? trine. hfo a Imerican blind pool, mutua ' How could La1 an diplomata any( laoaea ?'??? Wilaon'fl and Mr. ! BI ioualy? How . am conven? tion M s'n in a Senate which it by ' iliamg our mili-l . in Ilayti ar.d Nicarag -a' I:-.* . r up the m erabla Mr. va . w Lawn a that he didn't intervei e in 3d to ? -ratinp ' : ? Teet ? ?' ''? us whether we Kr- ?" rty or ? ? . ' |4p4Vt r " But if auch a 1 P ? ilayti it. !* is anv ? ?f OU1 Ar.-.f-r !'?;:'] Iw ?ll,. ? reel] appliaa ar.y ? " arican . ara of them n thej ? ? ? ,.. ring ota atoald bteofM iba1 gravesl political and economic menace were they to be recopnized as equal sov areigni in a Pan-American leapue, in which they could always easily outvote the United States. Krom our point of view the maintenance of their w>vereignty is conditioned on their ability to maintain or derly government, to protect alien rcsi avoid involving themaelvea and us in friction with Kurope prowing out of lawleaanesi and bail faith. "It is barren and provincial statesman shjp thal ligrht of such thinps," said Mr. Wilson. alluding to the alleged teat which our attitude toward the weaker Latin-American republici i- underpo;np. On the contrary, it is barren and provincia! atateamanahip which has confused and muddled the test, profeaaing one thinp and another, toyinp with the Pan-Amer m deluaion and yet unwillinp to acknowledge, when the rub comes, that it il ready to Btab Monroeism in the baek. An Important Conservation Measure. The treaty between Great Britain and the United State.- for the protection of migratory birds, recently ratitied by the te, ia auppoaed to be the first docu ment of its kind in the worid. It extendl ro ( anada the principle of the mipratory bird regulationa worked out in this coun? try ur:der the Federal law enacted a couple of years apo. As such it is a conserva? tion measure of vast importance, destined not only to preserve to the American con ? various species of pame and in Bectivoroui birda rapidly becoming extinct. bul to save American farmers millioni on milliona of dollars loat throuph the crop depredationa of inaecta. This I'ederal law eame into beinp as a reault of years of study by ornitholopists and naturalists and enliphtened iportamen Of the effects of the COnflicting game laws of states, frcquently loosely enforced or nol enforced at all, frequently drawn with a view only to the selfish interest of citi? zens of one Btate or a small proup of Under this schemc of thinps, <prmp shootinp was permitted in some state.-. thouph forbidden by neik'hborinp Btatea. Varietiea of birds protected in ? parts of the country were siauph tered mdiscriminately in others. It be? came evident that the only way to brinp aboul aderpiate protection for bird life. whether pame birds or insect-killers, was by a law pivinp to a Federal department ?ontrol of the shootinp seasons. This was and the Pepartmcnt of Apriculture madfl repulations poverninp the shootinp . taking into conaideration the mi? gratory flipht of birds, their breedinp and breeding seasons. and the like. Thr net effect of this was to establishj shootinp or open seasons by zones rather than by state boundaries, and to protect ? the birda during breedinp seasons and while on their way to the breeding grounda. The United States Department of Apri culturc has eatimated that insects dam ape the nation'a cropa to the vast extent 100,000,000 annually. Obviooaly, the ? tha people reojuira that any practical atep to leaaen such itupendoui hould bfl taken. The Federal law, based on the theory that mipratory birds irere the nation'a property rather than the property of any state within whose boundariea they mipht happen to be at a river. time, was one way of attackinp this ? timony from state officials, farmers' associations, conservation aa and iportamen'a orpanizations all over the country indicates that in the eom paratively short time it has been in effect it has produced preat benefit by increasinp the number of birds. That benefit will be magnified by the extension of the prin f bird protection to (anada. The l f a COntinent will be protected ac cordinp to one broad scheme takinp into leration their breedinp habits and diatricta, and that scheme may not be broken down aceordinp to the desires of the people of a piven state or inteiTUpted at the national boundary. The Latest Zeppelin Raid. The air raid of Saturday night was by far the most formidable that the (lermans have made so far on England. Something of this sort had been awaitcd for a lonp time, the peneral opinion beinp that the smaller raids of Auguat and the last week of July were mainly experimental. Ke newed activity on a preat s<-ale was ex? pected as the niphts lenpthened, and it is not unlikely that Saturday's raid is the .lics desipned to increase in extent and intensity. rditip to the official reports from London, the damape done was relatively slipht, and thouph thirteen airahipa were engaged in the raid and many bomba dropped the casualties amounted only to two killed and thirteen injured. In the Zeppelin raid of last January sixty-seven I | were killed and a hundred injured and in the raids..!' March .'il April 'J nearly two hundred and fifty were killed or in? jured. So in the way of slauphter the first /'eat raid undertaken avowedly without rej'ard for the safety of non-combatants ira a diaappointing performanca. The pre'ence that in the earlier attacks on England tbe raiders had scrupulously ad thi ir attention to objecta of mili? tary Importance is sheer hypocriay, for ? mination would !??? impoaaible in dropping bomba on such a city as London. i; ;? Germai have an extraordinary ca for believing what they want to ba aid though tha n?W threat was laughed at in England, there were prob? ably many aimplfl Ormans who really be ; that. their Zeppelin beroaa hari been mereiful iti the paat, and arho looked for ward gloatingly to indiacriminate alaugh ? propi r revi nge for the ao called ity. .- . ampU "f this kind of ind in our local "Staata* I he British official announce 'Ihe number of caaualtiea hava been reported are aa followa: . >,,,. aroman," etc. This, ated by 'he Garman editor becomea: , i nde Opfer gemeldel woiiawta. Octout,-tui hjaaa*." ttc. : He evidently forgetl that the Germans have i decided to be reckleaa ar.d. knowing that German bomba are far too polite to Idll [women, rabstitatea daahea for"eine Frau" I on the assumption, no doubt, tha*. thi ' must be an Knplish lie. However, in a few daya wa ahall prob ably hear from Berlin of the vas*. amount of damape done and the glorious alaaghter of Knphshmen. It will be necessary to make much of the raid because one of the airships was deatroyed aa she approached Ei field. The aimple credulity of the Ger? man populace ia unlimited. and quit beyond the understandinp of other-. [1 was reported, for inatance, after the raid of August 8 that 15,000 perona were killed, and a supposed neutral diacuaaing the affair in the "Mapdeburpi=.he Zeitung' gravely pronounced the eatimate "poaaible, thouph not probable." He eefllforted hii readera, however, by aaaaring them that the Zeppelins flrere driving the Engliah mad at such a rate that "the sanatorium. and lunatic asylums are fall to overflowinp. so that the WOanded from the front car. find no room there." The olBcial German reports ar" only a little less fantasticand the report on this lateat and greateal of raida should make pood readinp. The losi of an air-hip ia, however, a serious disaster, and auch aacri fires cannot be Buffered r.peatodly arith proiit. It may mean that the defencea of London are now too effinent to justify fre quent raida, but of tha* we ahall nol be able to judge until the feal has been re peated. On Catching Cold. One of the oldeal and most tirmly estal 'lished of popular medical notions is thal Imoet of the acute dJaeaaea af the respir Itory organa are invariably attributable tl iexposure of the body to cold. This m*jv partly be aceounted for by the initird symptoms. Pneumonia, for instance, is often ushered in with severe ripors; in fluenza, likewiae, frequently bepins wi*h | shiverinp; and in the commoner ratarrhal infiammationa of the nasal mumus raem brane a feelinp of chilliness is so jrenern! that it is usual to speak of "takinp a chil!" or "ratchinp cold." And thouph it is undentood to-day thal in all of these diaordera not exeept'ng cold in the head bacterial infe.-Mon al? ways playa an eeaential part, yet the opin? ion still prevails, even among experil ? clinical obaenrera, that chilling is ai an important faetor in a larpe proportion of cases. Some jnatificatien for this belief may be found in the results of a series of expei- i nients conducted durinp the last tWO ymr- I by Dr. J. A. Miller and Dr. W. C. Noble al the instance of the N'ew Vork State Ventilation Commission. and reported in ihe current "Journal of Kxperimental Med icine." An orpanism described as the snnf flea baeilloa /?*. bovieeptieua) waa employed for the purpose?a*n orpanism capable of prodocing a true septieemia, but when localized in the upper reapiratory passairer causing the condition "eommonly known| as snuffles." It is imposaible to deaeriba ir. detail the conditions under which the experimerts were tried. Let it siifficc that rabbita wera used in several series of experiments in which hiph and low temperatures an<l changea from hot to eold-and from cold *o hot were tried under a variety of condi? tions and always with a -uflicient number of controls to check the reeulta. The con cluaioni are set forth as follows: "1. Respiratory infection of rab bita with BociUua boviaeptieut (snuf? fles) is favored by chilling the animals after they have been accustomed to beat. M2. The character of this diseaae, which oecara frequently in rabbita un? der natural conditions, rnakes the aj< plication of the experimental n to similar respiratory diseases in man less open to ohjeetion than in similar experiments with other infection'-. "3. The weipht of oxpf-rimontal evi dence, includinp our own, d..e> not jus? tify the elimination of expoaure to cold as a possible, thouph secondary, fa.tor in the ineidence of acute respiratory disease. "I. Prom the limited data of our last two experiments it is BUggeated that any marked chanpe of lempera ture prediapoaea rabbita to this infec? tion, the severity of which varies with the amount of changa, and that th. chanpe from low to hiph tempentttfB has an even more marked effect than from hiph to low." It will be Been, then, that while there is apparently some jaatifieatkrn for the rnm mon belief in the effect of exposure to cold, too little attention may have been paul in the past to the possibilitiea of expoaure to heat. Crownt at Ihe Battle Front. .'??>. I '?- ...f 'inion ) Monarchs no loBger ri.le forth crowned tO battle as did Richard III to his fatal flghl on Beaworth Fiald. Nevertheleaa, avan to? day crowns ngure in the spectacular side of war more oftcfl 'huri ifl eommonly supposed. The Kinp of Itiily, for instance, althouprh he does not, of course, alwayfl wear it, car ries his rrt.wn with him whrrever he poes, and frequently dons i' when he revieWfl his rn.'.p- on eeremonial paradaa, Thia ia ifl BCCordancfl \v.r*i the custom and tradition of his h..u-.?'. Tlie rrown is sup poaed to readar ita wearer immune from hiirm, i Bcloaad Within th.- gold tiny circlet <.f iron, m.i.i to have been osad. from a nriil out of the true erOBB, The n(;cl Krip Peter af Serbia h.-ts twicfl dariBg tho preaeat ?ur nppenrcd robed nnd crowaed befora h - armiea oa tha hattle iield. r. ? | Krniinand f.f Rumiinni who must not i>e eoafoaadad witb tha micr f.f Balgaria, who ia alao named Fer.hnnnd will prohably Kn crowaed tn war, if h<- goea nt all, pr> ? i - in pradeceaaors, Priaea Alexander COBBB, an.l his unclr, Kini: f'harles I. Ilut then the royal crown oi Lumania is unique, in so fur as it fornis ? geBBIBO hadife of the aal oa'a freadom from aiien tyraany. I* is maile from the metHl of Turkish cannon cap tiiied at I'l.-vi.ii I i iBaaaiaas in I8T7, ?ad "i afcape aad appearanea I iggi ta tha gaducl. u a ataaaaJ .?--i t.Uau a iLaJcw. l OUT OF CAPITAL'S BOOK The Brotherhoods' Strike Threat Wai a Leaf from the Primer of Force. To the Editor of The Tribune. *7h) all thi ?i'8u-t a body of . up to r.ow held by the throat by Bg eapitalifltfl, have at last taken a it of the capitalists' book and insis'.ed on their righta? Does the dear public, as repreaeated by your editorial expressions ind the letters of some of your readers, feel ? ifl aay the WorM off by putting itself :. the hand- of mflfl lihfl themselves, mor, whfl are compellcd to work with their hand?, ? flroald be :f left in the hands of the ? ilictl Why ia it such a erime for our President de in favor of the men who perform tead af takiag the side of the man who pay? for that labor? What chanee l.as labor ualeai organized? I have worked for a railroad at shovelling coal, $50 a month, for a twolvfl hour day, oftCB thirteen and fourteen hours, with no overtime, and flVflry day :n the month. in? cluding Snndaya, $15 of which was taken out every month for three meals a day. Ir I v.anted a day off I must lose a day's pay No ine blamed the capitalist for that method . doing buaineaa, No, of eouraa not. Only an ignorant cla.-s nf labor was iavolvod. Al oon as thii iflina class of labor got aome ? however, it unionized, with the that the men have better pay and time off. For my pait I am glad to see these fellowi ? -<?' tOgflthoi and swamp the capitalist. ].f him know that they have some righta Why, it has not been so long apo when th, ? arould not give the lahoriag man a I to vote. N'o, he wa- ouly Rl to do ?ty work of tha capi'alist and ' ; ? for him in time of trouble. Hut the mg man is learning fflflt, and the pre.ent B, OT threatened strike, shows that he is c.-.pable of throwing a pretty big briek into the machine if he is not treated fairly Ii. my opinion Wilson is to be congratulated for having the nerve to take the side of the man who furmshes the labor, for a ehange. JAMES <;. BETHELL New York, Sepr. 2, 1916. Justice Abore Law. To the F.ditor of The Tribune. Sir: We American.a have been preaching to the nationi of the worid that WBFI COald and should he prcvente.l by means of courts of arbitration, and now our l'resident and Con grcfli rapadiatfl the principle of Arbitration in the diapnte of the railroads and hy hasty graat the imperafivo demai the brotherhoods ifl order to avert the strike Why th;- humiliating surrender 7 ilecause the brotherhoodfl had presented ih?-ir Bltimatam. They daclared they i -trike if their terms had not been eomplted Mth before September 4. The l'resident failed to see that he could tvert the threatened calamity by rejecting he ultimatum. True, law allowed organiza :ions to s'.r.lae. bul the present ca e ii ?nt in this, that the strike of the 4' arould paralysa the moving powera af the ahole American social and iadustrial orgBB ism. Legialatora never meant to enact any lawa which woald give such power to any Btion pOWflr tO infliet upon the na tion such mcalculable lOBSOB, BBCBdurablfl ia eoaveaieacea and farreaching distarbaacea. Thfl threatened strike aroold mean a crimi na! sbaaa af a law. i? woald be only lejra! oi. its surface. i.ut profoBBdly illegitimate I .-.ml unjaatifiable. Such being the deeper facts, the Prc should have BBBwered 'he Bltimatun af tha brotberbooda hy a deelaratioB that the case is one requiring careful iaveatigatiofl and arbitration. He should, morooror, have hdded: "Vou shall m>t -trike. The moment you carry out your unjust threat your com mittee -hall be put under arrest aml brought eonspiratora Againat the Ameri can pe": aboTo law, at. BIMBAD GABRIEL New York, Sept. J, 1916. Protect All Impartially. lo the Kilitor of The Tribune. Sir: Is not the Kimplest and the only method which our government ran ll etnploy for averting the nation-wole <*? a ter now menacing the country, because of the threatened itrike on the par' of powerful orgBflisatiOBI of railroad employes, fo ., :i: mediatfl anri comple>c prataetioB to all of tha people, without diatinction nnd 4vithout partiality? This, as I umler-'and It, :? the one supreme function of covernment. It is not ita function to Interfero with labor tea except by Bflaariag tO all i alikfl full anil ample protertion in the dis eharge af their dutics and in the exi re i af their ri| iranCfl of proter'ion, intflll amplfl and unhesitating, arould break the rle hold which 400.000 ,i *Met\ma la* borers, beeaoBA of their thoroagh orgfl tion and the fooliah eoddliag which they hava received bj have obta BCd BBOII 100,000,000 people, ? li^hing, for thr time being, nn intolera la imperium in itnpeno. Br government. in the impartial i>tar rise of its supreme duty to protect all <? I alike in their lawful occupations, assure tho peopla that it will porforn H all times and under nM eireafll taneea, aiol it will have taken the longe^t (tep an,i the tep eOBfliflteat with the fundamental of rimiocratic goverameni to the gigantic problem that eonfroata the rail? road eompaalflfl and the public at larire Ut day. A TRUE AMERIi I Broohlya, Aug. II, 1916 For a Taxpayers' Union. To tha Editor of The Tribaae. Biri More BOWar ta the llbow of the mun who wrote the article "Why Net?" il I day's Tribune! At least in a few rare rfllflfl find a man in this country who is not a rnaudlin mollycoddle. Don't you think it i hii'h 'ime to form n union of every direet; tnxpnyer in this country an association that arould he abflolately political and Iook the interefltfl of its membera? 1.' thfl people who pay most of the hills ind fona a taxpayera' union for their '.on. .1 k. W". New Vork. Sept. L\ 1916 Danielt and Ediion. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: In his Bocklaad, Me., speech S.cre tary Daaiala, la ipeahiag of hi. aceomplish ments. includea 'the formation of the eiviliafl Naval Coaaaltiag Board, headed by Fdi.on." Mr. Daaiala should have added that after Mr Fdison had been on the board long enough to jrer n line on the workings of the W'il.on adtniniatratioa he eame out strong for Riose velt. How many votes doei Dnnicls cxpeet to lami by calling attention to the fact that FMi son, nne of tbe beat judgea in tho country of the amount of bunk and affleteaej in the Nevi iiep.rtment, threw the AdmlBlatratioa dowal w. 0. BPEAKMAN. I'oal W'aihin_ton, Loiyt laLa<_Aiuj. a_lVl6,' THE MASTER PROFESSOR FISHER'S FALLACIES Whal Preaident Tatl D.d in the Way of Securing a Non-Partiaan Taritf Commission- Ihe Democrati. Party Starved thr Commission Out of I'xistence a nc! Proceeded to I .eq.sl.it.- Avowrdly Alonp Political Lines?President Wilson and the CHfice Seekeia. To thfl Editor of The Tribune. Sir: ln "The New Vork Titnefl" of Sunday. 27th, Profi?r Inriag Piaher, I chair of economics at Vale, undertakes to set forth reaaoaa why ha -hall . it i ea?a mg election for the reteatiofl of Mr. v. in the PreaideBtisI chair. 0a? i artiele that al Yala economics no longer need he termed the "dismal s^ience," as Profi ? or i her diacloaea a c riaing lato tha regioni of imagiaatiofl an ability which should enable him to invest Agurea, tabulatioai ard even abatraet ipecu latleaa with an unwonted charm. He IUB pCCi I the "old guard" Republican, of cour<e of "Iy;ni; iow"; disguiaing rillaaoua pur poses in relatiOB tO the tariil under the of preparedneai the tariff, an laauewhieh the party refuaed to reeognixa aa a i -al one when n draf?e,i tl-e platforn adopted at ita onvaatioa. Me foreseea that the party will make the tariT the great party queation; will reenact the Payao-Aldrleh act if it has the power, making it 11 par'v isBUO, suhordt nating all other iaauea to it. Hut he is nr roui that tl ai B i ? ikon out of politiCB, and he drCBBU that if I'l' Wil.on ihould be retaiaed Ib tha Whi'e Hi , B ar.d thfl Democratic majority in both houaea wera retaiaed the realiaiag of that greal deoideratum would he reaaonably cer? tain. And therein it aeema to mo tha pro repreheasibly forgetful, ond on iuch lubjecta Burely a profeaaor of economics should remember 'he facta of tha hiatory or the '.i-' three or four yeara. Being an eeoBonial al Vale, he should not have for . ,vn BBSOCiatC there, Pi ior Taft, while Preaident, made one of his | Aghta in demanding a non U taritf commission; thal hA tri i. fot legialativa aothority to appoinl ob and bb approprifltioa of $250,000 to defrsy Ita expeneea; that. he ap i such a eommiaaiofl with a diafcin | V;i!e profeaaor at the head of it; Bt commission did laborious work and presented a rolumiaoui report, whieh was available to Congress; that hii ohjod ? ? ;.- commii siori whieh should present. needed ''act; oil which as BOB BartlBBB matter schedules .,. laeeeaaively modlfied ar.d the tariff iradaally amaadad w aceordaaea with ? daUi that one parpOBfl of l'resident Taft waa to take tha tariff oul of politica a Pi ?' r Piahor himaelf pro ? , igei to di [,,,, | - Plflher flrlll admit that while Preaidenl WilaoB bow as a new dlaeovery iei AppreciatioB of such a eomml hii party, with its majority Ib < ongreai and with his concurrer.ee, doddod that such a commission was not merely useless, but would le obotruetlVA of real Democratic idoalfl, and parpoaoa to loglfllatfl on the .ubjeel as a whole ifl Bceordaaefl with Dflmoeratie prip eiplea and on th- tl al all prot ii uncoBatitutioaal. Bo they atarved the , || of , t< ? aod aeted .,:' all tha tal I tiea ll had gathered; they were not reatrained by aay. thing il had reported, ai either foreign or ea; they logialated avowedly fllOBg political lines, thus diflelOfliag the l teaaoeral ic policy ai 'i p irpoflfl to mai i political queatioa. ProfoaBor Piahor should know all this it ifl common knowi adgfl; bul he [| m diaordored in his thinking and rensoning that ,n Ordflr tO tflkfl the tariff out of politica he would loaVfl future logil lation and administrntion to the party thal ha? BVOWadly made of ll B QBOfltlOfl of pure politica. I? not this extraordmmy l'"r n man supposed to have .ome skill a. a logiciun? Where clse in economics can flrfl tin.l a poralloll Bow would Adnm Smith. Btuarl Mill, Thorold Rocers, Hon.mv riu-e, Sum nor, of Yn'.e; Dunbar or Tnu.sig, of Ilar rard; t lark or Seligman, of Columbia anj ecoQoffiiil ot (C_ut? r _*rU auch Va_uric.t , Bal he thinks the BTilflati Admifliati has heen construr'iv e beyOfld any ot miniatration for a generatioa, an.l eitea the Federal Reaerve bankinjr act ns one <>f ita evementi Lal ib n ill i fai I or two .iho.it ' , Abonl rhe time Senator Owen member of the House apoka ? . ommeree in ad tha I >wen bill, then reeei I . ea, President Wilson, in a speech de livered in Indiana] ei ounced R . for refii that original, unamende.l bill. Happily, the denunciation did |oanira ity; they sought to get tl i lation mto praetical, workable ahape, in order that it should BOt, from very cru.iity aml Impractieability, injurc when aigned te confer a 1" ? 'v. tr"' -ion 'was lonp, but after BBOBtl BBCh discussion and of l.-.'.or over ita criide iooB, nnd Bmending them, il waa paaaed aad signed by I !; ;l form hardly recognizabla for tha thing ir at first , was. Republican own Mr. R ' in this, h.'iv.ti" them ?nd being graatly iaapired aad by the aet framcl yeara before by the Aldrich Honetary Commission an.l Bubi " with ita report. Inevitably the Democrata have ignored tl a er i I Th"y first tri.'.l to foree through Congreaa; they ? is much . their eyea t? the icrvicea I - rendered in ro modelling the n.-t and making n pra measure of it, and their oratora, af the stamp of former Governor Glynfl and Sena? tor Owen, in B| I nflani rhe Democratic bearl hav,. elaimed the on ? fer the i "The New Vork Timea," which often <1 - Ananca with wiadom il Mi Glyi waa iuatifled Ib hii ro quote 'ha' paper publiahed a letter ef x in which the quotation appi am now justified in repeal tion and in pmntinr; out that whill ?.. the prof. mited in his audience to hia e a circolation of 400,1 ers very much more ? I eommend rhe declaration of "The Timi " ta ' ? ! ally. that whal '?' ' have known, for there ' ' away from peneraily knoa i dosing his mind t.? aceession of generally ted knowledge. "The Tiflfi ?'? In its leading edi? tonal of November 14. 1914 entitled "Nelaon W. Aldrich," tl ia valuabla on. The rafarenea in it to "that b 11" ? ? lation to ? \ " tarj lioB. Thia is tha "By whatever name we ca was apiril and : rve banking BCt . . Hai much of tl ' eommiasion bill wara i mbi act . ? . In BBJ in any acknowled - i try'a di bt ta tha lun'.. I adei ... Reaai \ a bank ing syfll ? aaaa oi Mai on W \ lat.'lv S,.;i itnr from Rhoda l-~lai.il, m. will stan.i Brai on tha lial af thoaa ta jredit Ifl .lue." i;ii.se ara wi rda af tha paper thal p< ? moal poteal among the newspapers idvoeatiBg tha reel ctioi af Mr, aVil bb, i paper, by thfl way, whOM eiliturials on thfl political situ.it in flxhibit, un.ler th. of an asaamad plaasaatry, jrr.-at an.l appreheBsiofl o\er tha outeome n.-xt Novamher. Hur ia tha kaatanee . it.-.i ob Ivioualy it traveraed ll ..?- arig nal plaa; it "eroaaed Ita traeks"; li ~.u,i on* thlag arhen It wn* eaol-kaaded, \?. ith ao axeltlag cam paigfl pendtag, aad axactly tha oppoaite ai dar rhe >tr.'*s af bb Bctflal pendieg eam< |palga, whaa ii ?m frightoaeaV I'iuKsaur i'uhci' abv> diacuaaea the Xlvxi 'can question. and on that it leei BflB. while OUl thaf the same paper lua .llly, in another Igaoriag af all mii'; ? It f?tn t' Prnimo the Proflidenrhaa to '.:?>??? haa bbb faalt I ? lomeat \v 1. 1913, he faced tWI BV racoc ', ? BB( '? whicl - only that I a? " 1 how. But another question ar ?a wh?' for thf d< ncy of "?' tho .I in ^ i ?i I reeeatly dia< aai ad aai ardei * ad ? " ?' son \ ?' aaw ? bad Haerl i cin^' ? any leMBl gaira < ? rBBB .?? their eoaatitutioi laao I a, w;': ' it be not .- il ' inBfld vt force u I to compel ? ? ? n q u i -'" I gave "The r flBW" **' oppoi ? -4i r the que (tion, but :! could nol summoB tho eoai raara Inc dl v about Mr U ' I (?' celling Mr rder prohibil . rl i tion ? ' Iting down the bara for the aorthera bo'dtf .? could pay for 01 Curiou ly. Profa ior r her 1 - ? rr" j deal u 'ion ha ! 'be pr? i -'' ? "' the Civil Service Refona thfl aca a ? B - cotun disc And doea he fail '* m Mi. Hai ? ? ? | I ? * ? ?' Mr. Br). . Mr. W Professor ! C :.- ' ' throui lt ? n of tl that in his chair of i elui 01 ORGE R B N -a iforh, a ._ II, ' A Proper R?all. To tha Editor of rh? i rihaao. ^t Sir: Whati boofl impolitic or aadaairabla tha [I OBUM St. John < .? Huuich i- BOl one flf '''?'?1 f ?* ^ trj bow nua? hoartil] appreve af bbbi v 'tloa. ,,\Att* Mr. Gaffaey'a ralgar ahaaa af """Jj, WilaoB and bia defoaea af *"<'" ? t|, Ithini Bf tbe I.uMt.i"* rj^ rf Germana, a reported in tha Bawapaaav.^ eurrenl iaaae, ahou thfl manner al ? m 4 is thi*" ?Ttv their fruit you shall know i ^ Whii | pity it I-. sometimes thal 0 j to 44ui( until fnnt time to find out;,>aia. 1 ?New Vork, Aug. aJO, iDlti, fi** .