2-fctt) govk tribune
i ir?t |o laat?the Truth: Neta?I. i.N.rial-?
11 I -|4\>. *..?*. I MIU H I " "
Mi rr. ..a . r
.. - 1 ' H
purrha-e merrhanniM* ..!?..
rltb ibaalati .af.t>-- roi
. ilU in an>
IK.Iil NE guarsntees lo pay ...ur mon.*
.- So red ...;*- St
?,?,d wrtaaaO* .f thc eeret*
Berlin Talks Peace Again
,!_it is fair to <*o r.
orderi and to l
talk, whether *.t comca in
bc speeches of public mer.,
a anx-iaUkabli lamoneii lt
- - ft m ur,
arranped bj tho Gr-rniar.
? Tento question
? bit happei.- '
? thi was li
thi apo, when
? | the
ba would meet fram
on the r
,.-..- of the
when the Roaii-U- of
- the Somme <_rot
. a pause in the
ar.s eeetn on the point af
- ibla inddental pain.
/ maj i
- ?? grocfa of Bo____i__n tea
. u the baali for
uis.ussioii. All fhe Alltad
rjy] ? nn? talk prat-e? Ob
? are in desperate ?_!__-_,
WU Bl ' nw?ds
? du protree- of thr
: hc condudes that i
? ii thc ?_n
whrre thr *?__ ll ?"irraian
? *%**. Thr OU f-rror
mnaa _0?l not r-*c*c*r*7ii-_e _l the
dcter* the rtat* rf mind of
his eac__J-l He ha.? r_**trat-_ the state of
D ii. .1, but he do__ not kno-w of ita ei.rt
enre \\\. pdoB ll that VYn-nc-* han
| oai **' e ee-_D0l nwenqurr Alsaco
BritB-l ta Batisfled that rhe rar.
Dn-B-7? Knssia h perma
in tha e**_t, arui Italy is
Ih. lita proof cf this
- v:.5tory .rf the var.
| point r.f *. 4 is not
.: ? the map rr the histcry of the
* ot all upon thc rr-an
.?rrany has eO-dOCtOd the
var. The masn of thc BritL.h pouple are
tnne the war hocauae
? and the Zeppelin
.. nroused anper, hat-*i*d and a
* e-,pe in Enjflan.i. ffngtamd
? irrrnan aa the Gerrr.a-.
D \rhcn Lissauer wr
- I raa ?**. ihe ta 1 ?r tht*
i rlmoo. the borrara
. __ na.
' .. tiality ar.d
boi ef FontliU-i-g a
I ? an animal whose pr*_atnry
? reatea the lives of Frond. men
ple quarrel .ver projx-rty,
? ght for a time, but
iB win the lOruf-plr. But a
man canr fl a lt__tfgta 1
.?cause he has had ruther
t in the ti
If Anwricar:** would unders.h'd ti..
ihtions in Kurope to-da> I ?**. pui
eption of war. as wars are
;. Thta ?
MM anything ot this bort to tht: I'mi-h
,,- the Britiflh. Tbe Frenrhman nml Ofl
ihman have a dear cc |
: by the 0
.. thfl manner in *?
Germany haa wagad tba war. by the ? ?*
? . ? ? Un, BTOBgfl whkfa
. Belgium, lt " ?
. of hon
of co:: ? !1 ,!" not '
nren. baCBHtfl tin ' '>'?'' t-h'*** tM,'-v
- many baa
pn ? roni
ry sort of offei
humanity. The result tf her
been tO rouse in her ct.cmi* s n
. continne the battle until
they are d.-.-troyed or rictorioOB.
"tl he made at ana time jf Ger
I and bar allies ***** ready to
nratoal coneeaaiona. The real laaaea
( war, on the military side, BI. B
. ? thal G. r
dcstroyed nnd I
i Germany < en hoW Bel?
gium or Northern France, or that the
bolding of them would he worth th.' eost
of additional years of wnr. There is no
proflt that any OM of the con
tastantfl can now make material ;
:i,nt is?which can repay it for the cost
wnr. It must prove a great failure to
. riewed as an invea?uent er a
Bat France and Hrit.ain, and their allies
them, Will not view the war in this
?,, boeanflfl (Iermany has made it
thing else. The way ("iermany has
made war has transformed the whole
character of the war and given he*
mies new detcrmination, new p'ir|><.si* nnd
somethinj? approachinj? B paBsionate re
flOlffl tO pumsh. TWngl Uke the recent
ln Belghnn and in France givfl
-rwer to the Freneh peoplfl Bfl ? 000
pie and silence every whiipering thought
uf peace in France. It doea tho same in
Britain; it has an effect in neutral na
If (Iermany crtir-hcs Rmnania flhe wil!
he no nearer to peace than thfl was wh"n
she crushed Serbia. If her vietory is at
?v the atrocities which marked hl r
rroeeesn in Belgium, she will only inereaM
The angar of her foes and g;ivo still *
- an.l their wills. She
wiD still further eorrdborate the- aaaertion
of Freneh *? leaders that what
ifl being fongbl il r " i war between na?
tions, hut a stmg-v'le between errittsition
and barharism, between me.n ar.d beasts.
lf France, "Britain, "Russia were ex
. i, if 'hey were onable to bear new
- . the eonqnest of Kumania might
brinjr peace: bol they an* not oxhausk-d.
in 1870 after four times
ai much of bar territory was oerapied ar.d
I'aris shut up. 1* rar.ee fought all Kurope
from 17OT to 1814, before she flnally
.j, and then _m jiddad onlf beorai?
emies guaranteed her llltwglllj and
recogni^oil her indcpend'T.ce: she changed
ivnasties, but she kept her provinces.
Poland. Constantinople, the Trt-ntino,
.V.r-ace-Lorraine, Serbia, these am issues
* mipht be tctfled by conference. I.el
e'um could not be discussed; it would have
to bl eoneeded in advance. Hut these thinirs
? ot the thinjrs that w ' with
rtnch or the Britiah. They are flght
. (Iermany mrans in tlie
arorld and they cannot bnrpain with Ger*
many, because Germany doei mean thesp
things. lt is ncf a questi on of the opinion
| t itesmen, it is not the result of Freneh
and Rritish leadcrchip; tho lev.dership
counts for nothir.fr beside the popular emo
?ion, and it cannot choose but follow this
\ time may eome. years hence, when
pxhaoetioa will sap nnd deatroy the Frrr.ch
Brit??Spirit When that time mmes
peace may become a matter of arrarjre
ment on the ba.sis of the map of th<* world
Ofl it then stan-b . Hu? that time is far
?. M'.l'ioTi., of CTmans will still sup?
ply cannon-f diler beforo it comes and
they will nuffer becatiso of German a**ts in
ronquered landa and upon the high seas.
We shall havw war and not peace in the
?wnrld for a long time yet, because Ger?
many has created among her foes that
tpirit and that emotion which cannot he
nfTeeted by maps or e.iece5<ses of the sort
tbo Rumanian invasion promises to be.
Thia is a fact hidden only from all f.er
'mans and some Anerkana.
Rheams Cathedral To-day
It is re-*orded by aeorn ipoildcnt of The
Associated Preei at Rheima that the Ger"
,ni_ns rrlebratol AH Baintfl" 1 'ay by drop
Ipiag the thousandth shell ot*. tbe well-hat
Itared esthadnL Gtnnan efiv.rts in other
jjinrtions have of Iato diverted popular
'attention from this quarter, but it would
be h nusfake to supj?>se thal the interest
ing enterpriafl hepun so promisingly two
yvars agO huii been abandoned. Indeed, il
?.ra from the accoontfl of diacerning
in who hava followed the work of
the de.-troyers httelligently that they con
?ign slowly. it is
. but with eharacteristic thorouKhness
"/.. , c floal /'?.- SBBfli iiucluintA
...I .*. Freneh eflcer to Mr.
Kdmund Gousc on his visit to Rheims three
Imonthl ago. Htit bfl was speakinc rela
. and Mr. Gosse learned that only
fi ur days after he left forty bombfl were
ir ppad in the city. The lataat aeeonnta
? ? little doubt hut in time they will ac
complish their purpose, topposing '
parpoaa to be tbe complete demolition of
j the ancient cdiflce. Great progrees has
btM made in the last half year, notivith
standing tbe preneral irrpression abroad
that the Gcrmnns had given up their at?
tempt. A correspondent of "The Morning
Poat," of London, who was ln the cathe
i .iral about six months ago, and has seen
:". again within the last three weeka, do
senbea its eondition as "entirely chan-zed."
Jt ia clear, he aaya, that if the bombard?
ment eoMinuea the whole building will
The bombardment seems to have been
October _.?*, the
day following the German defeat at Ver
!? NV.IS cootinoed dillberately foi
ifteil . - ? ? A..I nn N .rember
; - isbm fot the bhabitanti
? ? ia the assurnnce that
bai heen beatea ejmi
? ? . tati ihadbj
o thal a ri-.eix- ot anj oil fr
?'. ns, the Gennana biTi
,.n th.* cathedral. ln
| tO I BB. f?
n of a thing
which nai no military ralue and which is
hatefal to thi Qeiman only in en far ei H
li a tbinf >'
The Woman Who Flew
- Rotb Law, fair, smnll and twenty
rivc. ibatten d the lonp distance air recr.i
bf America when f-hc land"d OB the
Hornell fair pro'ir.di*. 590 miles ea-t ef
CbkaffO. She also crosscd another i'em
. fr the once long liat of thingi no woman
.-an do. On both eooata, ire applan
It has l.een a bad century for thnt his
liat of non-womanly occupation..
vw yeari thus far run have dOBO
more to upset tlu* eetabltabed faeti eboiit
, iromen than the whole century precedinp.
The war did it. Hut for the eptaodo
toaehing ea Archduke and its varied 4-on
tequencee, we ihonld itfll be Itatening to
. ur conaervative frienda, eontending not
only that woman'l place is in the h?me.
r but that ihe is otterly Ineapable of de
Ilanding that home, and that therefore she
.-ation n helpless ward of man.
How theee helpless wardi hata loft their
ihomes to make shells and run raflroadi
. . n.Tally do a good half of the woih
of defending their homes ta now htatory.
:The beantifal assumption of woman'l
nferiority to man hns beant.
With this new record has come the di
eorery that ? woman can do an amaaiBg
airay of thingi and still be a womea.
IfiM Ruth I.aw, for example. Without
.* too much .tress on tht* fact thal
irriod ? ddrt with hei all the way
fr(Pm . go to New Vork ar.d donnod
it over her bloomers as soon as she struck
land, the point ta rignMtaant r
.. til pol ible tO hold the non-stop
air record of America and remain dl
ly feminine?even egieaably an.l charm
lTifly sd. All thingi copaidorodi u i ihould
11 ,., ib.... rati thta detail m ? eery
importaal pait of Mh Law^ my Im
Democracy Ueber Alles
- . o Beiwkt)
Th, !,iin_ (ounty. Niw MiXiOO,
la arai | t.us is situated, retun.-d ?
jvotc of alS-OBt two to ono in favor of Proil*
i dent Wilson doea not prove tho voters ar.
in lyapathy with the Prr sident's pt
with re-pect ta Vexico, n- a result. of wlncl ;
Bapablicaa pnrty has argued, tl.e iaid '?'?
Villa on Calombai Bai n.a.le possible. Luna
Cooaty t'opie andaobtadly d.-piore the at
taeh on Columbus as deeply as ever, and they
may feel that a more vigorous cours. witr.
i rt*spect to Mexico, pursued from the begin
laiBf, waald have prevented such an attack
i being made.
Bat, M wi'.h Democrats in the Sou*h**rn
Statea. thi-y feel bound to vote th" D.mo
rrntic tieket itfalghl from top to bottom, in
Dg Preaident Wilaon with the rest. ns n
. of Democratic principle. It l| verv
r in! to win aome men away from party tr:i
.. n hy killing their relat.iv.xa BBd
buraing their home.-..
. fr. "i .''.. *?)?? ? tiHort
I havi i"-pn l*oyi i-b'-oit fresh f.um ** pub?
lic achool in whoao faces than were two
. persor.ali'.ies exprisxe.l; the one full of the
j light h.-art. _, recklesa, irresponsible vitilry
1 oi hoyhood, and thc other acarred with the
anxiour lion af one to whom a coup'...' of
' hundred exhausted and rerve shattercd men
! havo looked, and not !oek..l in v.i.n, fi.r lead
? rshi*. Jr-.1 Btnagth ia their gr.rn extrimity.
: l'rom a boy in such a position is rcrjuirod
;.ir.g fur more diilirult than nersonal
.-. Ktaaja, lt wo praise tha hoy aold.er for
: h.s emile in the face of |hell| ar.d maehine
guns, dont let us forget to praise ati'.i more
tho boy ofliecr who, in addition to facing
.!.-.ith on hia own aecount, has to bear the
t>- of tbi Irrei af a hundred other
rnen. There is many a man of ando
courage whose nrrve would fai.1 to bear thnt
.'?.?. I \r _>/?<-!.' ?' ?
They had so much to lose: their radiant
Shook my old walls -how short a Hmo ago.
tbl echoea of 'heir MBg bl reafter
Among the precious thing** I usi.,1 to know.
I Their cup of life waa foll to overflowing,
All earth had laid its tribut?* at their feet.
What harvest might we ho;>e from such a
What nonnday from a dawning so com?
And 1 I watched them working, drcaming,
Saw thtlr young bodiea It th.* niind'a de
Felt ll i '| reach outward, upv. ard, still obey
The pasaionate dictates of their hiider,
Yet here ar.d there iome greybear.l brcathed
"Too much of luiury, too -oft an age!
Your earili'a-4 (ialahada will see no viaion,
Y4.ur knights will make r.o mark on
N'o mark? Co ask the broken flelds ln Flan
Ask Um great dead who watched in ancient
Ask the old moon aa ronr.d the world .hi
Wl.at of the men who were my hope an.l
Thry are but frajrnient* of Imperial iplen
Har.ufiils of might araid a mighty hoit,
Yet I, who saw them go with proud turren
May surely claim to love them flrat and
They who had all gav. all. Their half-writ
I.ies in the empty hnlls thev knew so well.
H'4* tt..T the kaifbtl of (.o.i, shall >ee Bil
And tind the GlBil ev'n hi tbl Rw of htl'
"A MAN WITHOUT A COUNTRY"
A New England School Teacher Deplorei
tbe New Patriotiim
To the Editor of The Tribaae.
Sir: May I extend a u.-td ..f .-ympa'
thoio who, in the eolumns of pOOt I
rJaaf humiliation an.i
? - . u>- are making to
Btia Am. r.-.-iri BOlt f. ll '?'
Uf "a maa without ?
...untry." 01 Dl ' ,-? rlty, Billbalag, im*
*. from bloadibed, wo baal much. Ol".
., . right BBd j i tie* ?'e hear so little
? ? || r if tho words are
-till in the <li.t;?Ti.iiy laitoad of "honorl
Brat," wi baai "eafetj Bi ?" Ia place of,
il. 1 as kept us out of diagraea," wo prate
"Hc hai kept us out of war." A popular
?enttmental song runs "I didn't raiao my boyi
to he a soldier," but I ban yet to hear of
anybody finding WOrdl aad BtBlll for auch ft
title as "1 di'h.'t imlN ?! bay tl bc n
If the "new Americr.rism" has iB-BI to
?tay- and the people". ladai latiBt of Wil
sonism woul.l ***** U show that they are
not keen for a ebaagi thin wi iboald eaa
r thi iffoel of this latter day patr.otlsm
upon the boys and girll wbl are to bc the
?itiiaai of to-morrow. When I taught nchool
lfl New Kngland. jmtt ago, a course in
Amencan blltorjf included certain fiiniln
mental fac'.s thil OBri WBI n moral.y grea.
nation, that tho lag wai raapaatad at home
md abroad an.l that it stood for protection
?:, |?Bd aml MO, All thil waa v.ry anti
: if our advanced ( .)
, 0f patriotum are right, then the great
nm who made aad areeemd -baee Uaited
States were wrong. Therefore, why not a
?trict eaaaarohip of our school htatortai
somewhat along the.-- lines:
ElimiBBtioa of all Proaidonti and national
heroes arho ****** not "too proud to fight.
Propoi doaoneiatioa of the Revolutionary
A sub.'titution of rhetorical fluency for
the protection thoory. liBCi rio situation ll
too difl ? ' ?Pi Withi l.rovr.le.i we choose
-orda laag laongb tad blgh sounding
enough. . .
oi ly thi fotori eaa tell what kind or
Ani.rican litiMBI thil "BBW Americain.-m"
......ll briag forth. Cartaia idltorial writers
trong to withetaad our recent dieaitan,
. v fall to state on what they has.
I . itces for the future. He
| -rerien, can she ilo no
1 What hope is there
fe( | poopll B*hO have put thi LniitaBla
nlndl as completely as
if it wre ? b ' <>:' Bwlodramatli fietiaal
\?; |ei u ' honest! I.?*' Bt loab faeti
I, thi ;'"??? ind iehaowledgi tbal ?? have
heei tried ar.d found lameatablj lacklng.
w | -, ? , ng fne complacent platitadei,
i aa-Amarieaa apirit
.. eaa wi bapa to re
.ieein OOnelTM if il ll not too late. It is
-iilicant fact that many thoughtful
Amerieaa eitiaani have renouneed or are
?boal t? renounre their allegiance to their
? country. Shall we call it disloyalty .
Hardly that. Rathi r, li it not an Idaaliia.
groplag for ? eooatrp iad ? tlair that can
bo hoaorod ard roapeetad in place of a
countrv ar.d a t'.ag that have ceased to mean
aiiyil ;. MAT EMEBT IIAI.L.
V.,rk. Nov. 17, Illl.
Birth Control at a Vait Peril
Tl tbl Editor af The Tribune.
E .-: The absolute failure to recognize
tho danger of this popular sympathy with a
woman like Mrs. Sanger is beyond all com
Have tho mothera nnd father* nnd brothers
lr*. thia city loat their senses? IJave the
fundamental principles involved been for
gotten entirely? fan they not see that sueh
v propaganda as thil will undo all the .iie
guards of society an.l thal the IBialt will
b? an immorality that ll unspeakable?
Ar.d there are *'??-? 0 Writi lettOM <>>
. ipon iad bbbioi Ib utt.-r
-nrrl of the doeeat lawi of society, aad
my tribute to the adTOrtitiag value of thi
oppaiition of ro-peetabli or more properly
i doeoal people to loeb lehoaio of oalight*
!' wo want our public sehooK onr col
lOgOl and particularly our co-e.lucat,onnl iri
?tltat.OBI tl boeOBM liapOilibll to handle
on aecount of immorality and passion, wlnc'i
thii gi thal moit ladh
havi to itrnggli with, tvoeati this
Bat, of n!l things, !et Dl curb ? milgaided
"., and mny all witb any sense of pab
| lie propriety or of common decency rofBM
j to tolerate auch talk delr.ir.d under the
gaili M utterly fnl.-e.
. It ia beyond underrtanding l:o4v respect ibll
nowspapers vhOM editors mail he moro or
I less familiar with the eonditions so op
1 pres.ive in pnrta of ar.y congested com?
munity can aupport such a propaganda.
Perhaps it will be more tolerable for them
iin tho day of Judgment than the inhabitant..
of Sod.m and (lomorrah. V C J,
New York, Nov. 18. Illl
The Fall of Anstralia
?To the F.ditor of Tho Tribaae,
Birt I'ermit me, as an Australian, to re
fu'.o the statementa mado by Dr. James J.
I Walsh, of the Catholic I'niverslty of Wash
incton, in his speech on birth control appear
? ing in this moming's Tribune.
Either hia geography il very much mixed
ot bl li miirepreieating the facta. He states,
"that the fall of Itr.rr - tad the dyi-ig nations
<?' Australia were tbl result of birth con?
trol and that in the year L'OO" then would
not be | lagli AoetI_J :: on earth."
In Auntraha large fan*.ili<* . are the rule
and not the exeeption UM as the govern?
ment pay-i ? "h.ihy booa " of |2t to the
'mother of each ehild born in wedlock, birth
control clinics woald dl I poor business.
Maybe in tho yenr MOO then- will not bc
a single Aoitraliaa lift, far they may all be
niarr.nl and rai-.ng lai
Hoboken, N. J., Nov. 18. 1
The Belgian Ordeal
'To the Editor of The Trihune.
1 Sir: Tho terrible ordeal through which
tbi dernians are now putting the BolgiaBI
ihoald brmg f..rth llaeon ar.d -.vhole-hearted
icondemnation from this country. (.trmany
haa curaod BalgitM with idleness and now
pretendi ta rollovo her of it by bre.V_ing the
laat binding t;. ring thi men from
ill women an.. nd their country.
Thirking piopli of thia land will remii'.y
respond to a harah protcit To raise our
?-.any fooliihljr tnink, a atep
taward ?- ?< ? H Maralp thowi that our mit*
crption still has MBgl ? BBOgb to d:scrimi
OBtO bttween right and trrt
P.rooklyn, Nov. Ig, I'.il.*..
War Newt Sent Via London
P.tinite war aewi have 1 nor.,
Bai my aunt'* charwoman'a siscer'a ion
Heard a policeman in Downing Street
Say to a houaemaid on his beat
lhat hia Wtfa*l OUtU brnthfr had a friend
Who knew dumwell when the war would end.
/Iffri6ufr<. t? a yoxirxg jxiriton?said to be
a eon of the Iiiskop of-.
AMERICA'S MOMENTOUS FAILURE
We Have Only Ouraclvefl to Blame?National Moral Weakness, and Not
Politician*' Blundern, Re?pon?ible for an Ignoble Election
To the Kditor of The Tribune.
Sir: Thflffl Ifl something unvrorthy in tho
vay that thoie of ua who are dlflflfltlaBfld
v.ith thfl fllflCtiefl hav taken it. We tind fault
with thinga that were done by the Hepublican
Canpalgfl < SWiaatUaa and with thinga that
,-.,.,,. not done. wi'h what Mr. Baghflfl aaid
rhat Mr. Bagbaa kid not say, with taa*
tional aaanela in Callferala, with the brata
vote of thfl Smith nnd 'he Bfllllflh vote of th<*
W." Wfl turn to blame every one and
thing bet oarflehfefl tad tterlkt a mo
FaflBtOBfl BBtlOBfl] failure to trivinl circurri
stance*. A nation does not make a momen
toua failuri' unlesa it has some moral weak
ncss at the rore. In this election the reason
irl | tmatiet theofl th? leea noble part U tael
I flf ,'iriy miscnlrulation or mismanage
*..,- politielanfl, bUt b.-cnuse wi- OUI
I ,',t bflOB what '.'..- OBght to be. To think
rise, te thiah tbat great uwaea tn at
Stdfld, thnt thfl character of a nation gOflfl
down, tbat even tha idflfllfl of our children
?ay bfl influenced for ill because of errori
Iot politicians would be, indeed, to thiak
Iraeaaly tt life. Wt ure paalflhfld bflcaa*? m
havfl nadfl a moral failure of our daily lltflfl.
'"We hav* traaagrasfld against the..*. v.i- havfl
rebellfld ifaiast thee, and thou hast not for
The mass of men flTfl eager to be led; they
have somewhrro (afl matter how coarse their
llibre) a romantic strain, and if they .see ideal
Itn they arill rise up as ono man and strug
glfl toward it No saying is more true than
?his, that tin rightOOBA men will save a city.
, If the opposition to Mr. Wilson had stood on
!the high ground of human justice, of willing
|ness, if need he, to tight and suffer for tha
right, tha eonatry would have followed with
a hurrah, but the Republican politicians pre
jferred to appeal to the same material intor
'ests that Mr. Wilson appealed to, and he was
'far cleverer than they. We must tako com?
fort from this. Bad an it is to have the igno
,ble prevail in one election, it would be far
worflfl if an elementary principle of morality
were to bend and break under ua.
A great nation must not sit still and fold
ita hands while it eces committed before its
fflflfl what it believes to be a great wrong. A
nation need not go to war even when its own
ikin n touched, but a nation must not shut
itl mouth and stiflc its conscience for fflBI
of war. Fear is a benumbing thing, nnd fear
of war is the most subtle and dangerous of
fflaia. See what it has done to ua. <>ur na?
tion had klwaya ptwitttoi and more than pro
fosscd, it had felt, admiration for resistance
THE WAR AND THE ELECTION
A- Progreiiive Who Voted for Wilion
ExpUins HU Decision
Tfl the EdltOT of Tho Tribune.
||ri I was one of tho Progressives and
former Republicans who voted for Mr. Wil?
son. I have always had a high regard fOr
Mr Hughes- admired his course while Gov?
ernor; hut as a candidate for the Presidency
his utteranees wero disappolnting to me in
one respect. Rightly or wrongly. I believed
that the most important issue before thfl
American people was the attitude of the
nation toward the great war. Theodore
Roosevelt r*Und what I felt when be fear
Iflflflly denounced the cruahing of innocent
BfllglBIB, the bombardment by aerial war
eraft ef defeaeeleflfl town populations and
'the mon.Urous brutality of the sinking of
jthe Lusitania without warning. I was for
thifl courogeous leader with aU my heart,
bat the Republican National Convention
! would not have him.
The man named in hia stead gave no such
|outspoken ili-closures of how ho felt toward
those matters which seemed to me of forfl
\ most importance to the civilized .world. Once,
M l remembor it, when he was asked by a
iteat heckler what he would have done
ifl the Loaitania case, he answered that he
would so have conducted our foreign af
ifuirs that the liner would not have been
sunk. ? reply which to me did not seem al
i together convincing. He waa definite enough
Jas regard Mexico, tha tariff and other ques
ItiOBfl, bat on those matters which I have
'mentioned. nnd on which great numbers of
hia fellow eountrymen would have hung on
?rda with deepeBt interest, he was silent
ior spoke only in generalities. It did not
??em to me that he got much beyond the
statement that if elected President he would
'enforce American rights abroad, which was
igood as fnr as it went.
I do BOt say that the I'nited States should
have entered the war on the side of Ger?
many or that they should do so now. 1 believe
we aro bound to show due consideration
tor tho millions of our fellow eountrymen
?f QflrflMB blood, who have had so important
? part I" building up this country. But I
dfl not think we owe it to them, nor do the
i,.,' nf them demand, that our public men
should sidestep great questions which have
.-ome with this war, ghould fall to condemn
mu-rnatior.al wrongs which affect all the
world, should heaitate to cxpreaa detesta
tion of flCtfl which vlolate the hitherto ac
cepted practices of civilized warfare. I know
nea of German descent whqsa opinions eoin
eidfl with mine on those matters.
I voted for Governor Whitman and a ma?
jority of the othor eandidatea on the Re
| publican ticket, but when it came to Presi?
dent the choice seemed to lie between a can
didatfl who Wflfl an unknown quantity in the
r.spect which I have mentioned and a Ghtcf
. Kxecutive who, while he had not gone as far
?y of us had wished, bad yet forced
j the KfliflOT to (rreatly modify the rathlflflflBflflfl
of his submarine warfare, had done enough
IW upon himself the bitter hatred of
! that element which would like to make th1*
: country the tool of Prussian militurism and,
1 if it were po?sib!e, to embroil us in war
against the Allies.
It ii* true that some of the domestic leg?
islation which the President had championed.
BOtably the currency bill, the child labor
bill, the ineome tax bill, abolition of Panama
Canal feella, the rural credits bill, etc, made
, r for me to vote for Mr. Wilson.
Ltica, N. Y.. Nov. 17. 191fi. T. L. G.
For a Foodttuifs Embargo
To the Fditor of The Tribune.
Sir: The cost of living is beeoming so high
that it seems as if the United States govern?
ment should step in and try, if possible, to
"emedy the situation.
Thia country has produced less wheat than
'usual during the last year, yet our ships go
out daily laden with thi* commodity, while
our people suffer at homt. Bread is 6 cents
1 a loaf, eggs ?'> cents a doien, and the etid is
rot yet in sight.
If the I'nited States would put an embargo
on all foodatuffs learing- thia country it would
greatly t*nd te alleviate the situation.
Why send#out products, many of which go
j to the bottom of the oeean, when our people
! are suffering at home?
I A few mdividuals are making fortunes at
'the expense of the majority.
The government should interfere for the
protection of its people.
FRANCES BEADEL BROOKS.
Mountainhome, Penn., Nov. U', 1916.
to flfprflflflioa* II hud tnken George WflflhiBg
ton as th<' gTOal type of hero resisting tyran?
ny. it had believed that by resistance to tyr-.
anny fliflfl scrve the god of righteousness.
(ir,(,i,?.. i ? i fld aOOaflOd to us odioua, whether,
if ft tj ittaehfl a amall state or the(
rich d : i corporation maltreat their
employes, ?r I big boy buliies a littla bey
In old times flrhea America naw oppression,
she wi.i wont. tfl IBOBh out. And when the war
.it, flXOflfltlng fel min born in Qoiflflaay,
'. ? ta ?]ri fflflHagfl and w?<
ually raaai ? .*? ia bt
tt thfl Earopoaa war repra.rd ? -.-.ry op-,
Bl and the other side resistance to op-j
pression. Hu' Anvricn did not act, sho did.
not spe.ik, sre wan bidden i.tifle her con?
science. And what has thfl iBflTitflble I
of laaetioil and silence been? A man who
? ? right and wrong are
lot maatt rp,
Iord and thought, ifl *
. >ftc of hia aeatrality tfl lia to himself.
If he does r.ot declare for one side or the
other, hfl ran only jusf.fy hinrueli" by pro
Bg ti.it thi '-Te right on one
ther, for li thera Ifl right
upon one aide manhood roojairea every man to
trality ta flhrsg onr iho
and say: "What ate these rnad fellows fight?
ing about, aaywayl Biaea we are not on one
side or * * - * tOOBflBOflfl,
nor Is juatice; there is no conflict BflBwooB
oppres-'.r ai.d oppressed, none between mili?
tary and self-defence, there ii
merely an ioflxplieablfl eoafuflioa of grflfldy,
, fighting men; and just Bfl Wflll, f'.r
we are therefore quite free to enjoy the com
forts of ease and peare."
Such a na ?' act. word and thought
is the spirit that denies. What except our
. our OWfl love of ease, our self
surrer.der *.o comfort, has enabled this spirit
tO sit in our high places and render America
indifferent to right, indiffcrer.t to wrong?
Luxury, comfort, aaflfl wa salvc our con?
science by callnj the?e things peace. These
are the things we fear to lose, nnd that being
IO, how waa it that we could hope
to put heart into the mass of voters? The
mass of rotera ae? fla a!l sacrificing every?
thing, or -.Imoat everything, to comfort and
luxury in our private lr.es. How ean they pay
heed to us if Wfl demand something differ?
ent from the nation? "We have transgrexsed
against thee, and rebelled against thee, and
thou hflflt not forgtoen IM. l'..*'nold, thy judg
ments are rightflonfl altogether "
HENRY DWIOHT SEDGWICK.
New York, MOT. 19, Itl*
THE STRATEGY OF THE KINGDOM
Spending Money to Win Young People to
God Is Defended
To the Editor of The Tribune.
S:r: Iti a recent issue of The Tribune ap?
peared a letter from David G. Wylie. In to
day's :?sue, the llth, I tind a letter from
George Weeks which takes exception to Mr.
Wylie's letter. The last two parBgrapha in
Mr. Wylie's letter are the two which he
takes exception to:
"Winning young people for God is the
strategy of the Kingdom. It is 'prepared?
ness' in this life and for the lifo to come."
Mr. Weeks itatetl that! "The strategy of the
? ?tn is not the 'winning of young peo
p!e."' He i-tates that this kind ot stra'egy
has been tried and found wanting. especially
in tbe last Bfty yeara. Erideatly Mr. Weeks
believes that up to fifty years ago no deCaltfl
effort was made to interest young people in
Christiar.ity. I do not believe it will be
..iv to go further on this question than
to call attention to Sunday as observed by
our l'uritan forefuthei s. .Mr. Weeka would
havo been more aecurato in his statement
had he said that up to fifty yeara ago it was
tiie atratflgy of tlie Kingdon to win young
people ' ? Cr.* bat thal now it hai heen
given up tnd Wfl are reaping the fraitfl of it
.u our lack of rollgioBfl sjnec-rity in our
everydi.y !.'.? and even in our churches.
Hfl got s on to state that "Lhe strategy ol
the KiBgdom?ifl the flaraeat determination
of Chriatian men atnl women to establish a
kingdom of righteousness, jii3tice and
brotherhood upon this earth by applying tha
Christianity of Jesus Chriflt to its everyday
problems and evils." Does Mr. Weeks think
lhat these men and women by instinpt arrive
at this state of Christianity? Ho' will be
? bi god ' i admit that they must arrive at it
hy -'.iges o*' education.
l'ha aeeond paragraph which Mr. Weeks
tako** exception to is U | : "Every denomina
tion nooda a large endowment in tba torn of
Iflgaeiea to eatabliah and mamtain the work,"
that i'. thfl work of reli^ioun education in
our eollflgOfl. A rathor unhappy way of stat
iag thfl case. I will admit. It is always awk
w.itil to cor.nect religion with money, but
nevertheless money ifl necessary. Thert is
never a question about giving money to repu?
table charitable organixations. Money haa
simply poured in for the recent politieal
maapaign, For both of these activities tha
people who gave the money thought it was
for the betterment of conditions, and no one
Now Mr. Weeks has condemned one plan
for increasing intelligence on reIigiou3 sub?
jects arnorfg our young people. ! truat ho has
some better plan to aot forth. aad I also hope
that it does not involve tho money question.
DANIEL S. SMART.
Kew Rrunswick, \. J., Nov. li, 1916.
"The Mark of the Beaat"
To the Fditor flf The Tribune.
Sir: Your editorial entitled "Tlie Mark
of the Bflfl-flf is excellent. It would be dif?
ficult to iuri up the caso againat Germany
more suerinctly or more dramatically.
I very much fear that we Americans do not
sufficiently realixe what is at stake in this
world wm*. It was begun by a government
whose only object |j to win. Th? l'ruaaian
army was rushed into Belgium with orders to
win and no questions would bfl asked. The
aame policy has been puraued ever aince.
Germany's stat-smen, her diplomatlats, like
her military officers. ha'. I per-istently acted
upon this principle ni every ea?e. lf a lie
seems to aeeOflBpliaa. the object best, lie. If
the truth for the time being promise* to
bring tht quicke.-t results, tell the truth. That
you gave a promise or a pledge yesterday
ia no reason why you ahould keep it to-day.
This ia in accordanee with the Treitachkean
dictum that it.'ernationa! treaties hold only
rebus aic atantibus. If such a policy ahould
win even a moderate triumph it would be
thfl greatest ealan.ity that has befallen the
irorld smre the dawn of history.
When I was a boy we used to read in our
geographies that mankind ifl div uied into five
classes: the savare. the hflrhorw. the half
civilized, the civilized, and the enlightened.
Thii definition or diviilon will now have to
be lupplemented with another which reads:
There ii a sixth claia called the Teutonic,
whirh has some of the virtues of these five
and all their viccs. If there ia anything- that
will make an honest man aneer it ia to hear
'he (ierman chancellery talk of violations of
international law. The hypocrisy or the soph
istry that prompts such accusations can
be explained only on the aasumption that
the whole (ierman nation and its allies are
suffering from moral atrabismus of auch
-evnty that there is no cure for it except
C HARLE.*? W. SUPER.
Athens, Ohio, Nov. IH, 1916. J
An Inquiry Into a Common Accm
Againtt the Germaat
ro ' '.Kditor of The Tribune.
Sir: Word is sent from Germaiy y^ -
submarine ae'ivity is to be i?j|] ffln-fw
creased: all merchar.t ships ari___ _u| *
offence or defence, are to be torpedoed am
out warning. Thil will cost the )itm ,f\*
.-ngers and erews of all natfonallttei ^*
rana will be killed, and soon we ahall tat,
mi against Germany for tha bf ?"
of her pledges. *.
Hut let us be fair. Lot ua give ?k? j__
hii due, for Germany hai need ef i!|T
ieniency of judgment we c_n f;v? her g
over, to thlr.k e>arly is a debt we .*,
own mental integrity. (.ermany it, J^
no pledg?s. The ao-calW pledgei art te
,y s'atements mad .r,y ,, t ?
;ast May reiative to the *hen preaent im,
- which the nubmar.ne 'ommandirt
work;ng. Thia wai not a pledge?a ?roa,**
but a itatement. The fact that lt **?**?? ^i*
under duresi does not change iti trntttt. '
Moreover, there ia r.o aseuranee ef Ba
permanence of these orderi. lf theri ow.
no statement reiative to their .jratin ?
? ?uppose thom permanent. lf, ^
x* an explicit itatement made that tf ta.
English blockade of (iermany it alleoii .
contuiue then tho orders may be chaat*.
In addition to this, the r. .te 1 raita tht _f?
catior* of these "hrmanitanan" ordtrt ?
.-n.-n-hant ihipa "reeognized at toeh hy iat<r
national law." And ir.aamuch aa Gtnulr
?ta ed that ahe used thii phraae te deiet.
only ur.armed merchar.t veiieli, w? nt i|.
terprct her r. thu light.
If it ba contended that international kr*
ly armed ntrchti:
ship, then we m.y have a pretty ergti__*t*
over that question, but the retult of tht ir
gunur.t cannot affect the meaning ;?, ttAM
the phrase is used in '?ermany'i note, pr*.
vided Germany made it r'.ear ia what ttavt
ahe was using it. and she did make It tttar
The timo to object to her tu ef it a\,
when the note was received. By Ukinf *>.,
"pledge" in a different lenie wi ia cot bix4
G.-rmany; we only befuddle O'.riel.ei.
This remarK applioi a.-o to I'retidar.t W.
.on'a rejection of the cor. 1 tioai !a;d .twi:_
t'ne note "? ted .tatei tata
fcingland's blockade to r.a-?. The Ptjitta
of a part of a pledge doei not alter It ulai
thia rejection secures a modifled and wnti
ble pledge. Thia wa. r.ot the caie. Tht w
jeetion of a part merely leavei it ia tht ur.
The gay-ao of the acceptor cannot biad thc
pledgor. Germany a'.ore can 'rr,'* Gtrait)
Preaident Wilson can say what Wilm r.'.:
do; he cannot aay what Von Jagow will yna
The Ameriean people and the AnwrUei
Administration ihould clanfy their ?'..-. 4 ??
this matter. Any rolitional *-*'.pidit*/ en nr
part will not embarrass (iermany. Wi ita
secure for international law iuch nctaittia
thi courage of our heart and integruy ef tr
mind can attain, but by the hoeui-poro .
words and recriminat.ona about "hnb.
pledges" we shall secure nothing.
For this is the way in which internatiaa
law is created iii tho beginning?by cosnji
und by sacrifice. 8om. principle, geed .
i bad, for human kind is at gtake, and a ha*
people throws itself in the breach, ind, t*
Wordsworth's Happy Warricr, it "atttm
with audden brightnesa, like a mar. :r.ip;rt?
.Thus and thus only are the great adnia.
of law an.l civil: ' ' ' s'o hy tt*
l bravery of Decatur and the Amtrican Hi*.
jthe Mediterranea* ? . lt an onea w
Had the eonrage been ' ick ng, the Mtdit*.
ranoan reng-ttai Vj
'"international law" as a c'.o-e i sea owntdhf
Algeria, Tunis, etc. So the courage of __>
coin an.l his men reteined the So___B
States in the T'nion. Had the courare *BB
lacking, the Confederaey to-day would b
recognized by "international law" at a B?
ereign nation. lf a nation or nations *BC
a revenue tariff. or protectire tariff, or fR
hibitivo tnritT, or exclusion lawt afiial
other rations i ns Japan did in thi HV
aad theie miiiures are ???.;: *cs.l in,^th?
|that ia Rccording to "int i ?**>"**
\ it the other nat to scqlfcan hi
their exclusion an.l compe! a chan|?. tha
the other beconu-s "int. '?*'**" ,
To this the timid and the s- "tim.ntal m
exclaim: "Does law then depend on feitr
Yes, in the ultirr - **' ***** ***
international an.i .-...forth*.
validity on force. Though they bt wtiBa
in tho "lawa" of Hammurabi or Mo?H, W
if not enforced th ' 'v' W,J*
inot stone a man to day for pieking op tfl*
[on the Sabbath. That law ! - not b?? ?*
forced, therefore it is not a I ll th* ***>
I way any aupp.>?_ I :*rals to tnt*
the sea in gafety during a war aill h? ??
tainod or loat according a-4 the right'?? ?*
j ia not enforced ?
Thil ii the situation we face to-day '
; amount of elocution or ,- ' -al tn*lT*,
'tion or recriminations againal Germany ***
Iher "pledges" will avail. Let ut bruih II
from our mind, and ln place of it r-m-ta*
thi worda of I.owell: "They have rlfhti wl?
dari maiitain them." nnd the wordt ef *-**_
lyle: "Deliberate valor - irh?t ft;
ito man, and eomes not *rial B ??.
iRF.V.) CHARLES E. WALDIOX.
Bloomfield. H. /, Naw. lt, WM.
Congreu Not a Free Kgtut **
iTo the Kditor of The Tribune. ^ ^
Sir: In your editorial "I > X\*i *V ?
I morning you say: "rf the Msmsw W\
'means anything, it mears that ('oDa**VT
declared its power ar.d inten*. B to n*rtf'
railroad traffic. noi on the rate -i<1">B!'v*!
on the >ide of wages as well" An_ m*>**t
the other newapapers prefer to thwrtM ?
this rnanner rather than face th* UBPJf*J*
facts. If Congress had passed th* AdamlH
law without compulsion th* implieit-iU ?
piaaaad in your editorial might hold
iwe all know th?t ? bl!1 wM
paaaed without compulsion- ^
If a highwayman holds a pistc! at Q
head and tnvltcs you to stMr.d and tt
you don'* tell v.-.i. fi ends "-r thal ta %j^
plying with his requeet >*< I ?>pr*,'?^1u
belief in thi communal enjoymeitt*? |f
and vour intention to practisi that '??*
the Adamson bill mean.. anything. U*
thst (ongresv ln Septernber laat. *?
roriiod by the brotherhoods threi.
obeying their orders, and that it had n*^
power nor intention of any *?***? ^ I
enough to oaable it to res.st. Afgo j
baaed on any other theory ^s Jg^
j N'ew Vork. Nov. 18, 191H
"Little Alice Priff
To the F-ditor of The Tribune. ^ ^ |
Sir: While "Pro Bono Pubi.co *??^
itriot," aye. even "Constant R"d*r' tf
their breath in the post-e'.ecti.m *****''
me register my anpreciation of a neoi
m The Tribune ot Novamber 1'- ^
"Little Alice Prafg. Just a ??" ^jt.
boat kid" is an uncommon t09**a*f* ^
Itl a diatmct pleaaura te unco?*r ? r^
of that calibre from the mas. ******ZjA]
place writing. Kdi'orial wrttera ar*
ered with th* benedictioni of ****?". ^
: creatora of featur ?? *toriea ar* P?'n'~ v
as they whil by in their fl*r"r*"_,1|Mi^
reporter'a job ls a thanklesi on*- ***^"
on the author of:
"Littlo Alice Pragg. kii?
Juat a waif-a canal *?}"&,,
HILA8 FRANIC 8CA0U* I
AshiTille, N. C, Nor. 17. m*. I
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