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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 14, 1917, Image 1

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CIRCULATION
Over 100,000 Dalli
Net Paid, Non-Returnable
First to Last?the Truth: News - Editorials - Advertisements
Vui *
I,\\\ i N* 25.658
( ?,|isrl?h( 191.?
The Tribun? A??'n.!
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 11. 1917
* * *
/??vr ?/^?I^VT' t? ?s? T?>r>? TUt. N?f**?art?.
(l.M'i 1 I?' 1 Jar????*/ City ???1 H??b?ke?i
prepare To
Intervene in
Cuban Crisis
(jen. Wood or Gen.
Barry, Who Went
Before, May Go
ELECTION TO-DAY
MAY RAISE ISSUE
Ex-President Oomez Has
Joined Rebellion, Wash?
ington Hears
- -?hura? Bureau)
WMbingtoi!. Feb. 13.?Plan? for in?
tervention m Cuba, which has become
??tronc poa?ibility because of the rapid
,pre?d of the revolution, are being pre
?ared by the General Staff of the army.
The State Department referred to the
???cretary 0f War to-day it? reporte on
-andition* in the .-?land, and Mr. Baker
li understood to have directed Majoi
?entrai Hugh L Scott, chief of staff.
:? prepare j.lnns for an expedition of
.'rom b.OW to 7.000 men.
Intimation*- already have been con
.eyed to the government and people of
that ?uch a step might be taken
unless the disorder ceased. Unless
?.here ?s a marked improvement, th?
trmed forces of the United States will
M sent on their way within a ftjrar day*.
Either General Wood, who command?
ed the forces of occupation in 1900-'02,
or General Barry, who directed the in
?*-r.f-i.:o;. ?'.' j.aOH-'OT, will head the
MB expedition, it is expected. The
chinees favor the latter, owing to the
antipathy tu General Wood la the pres?
ent Afoinistration.
( *??i* Kx peeled To-da>
the revolt since ita
.m, only a few days ago, ha?
??jeii alirrr.ing. Tha new election? in
-.he province of Santa Clara to-morrow
are expected to bring a crisis, and
f?rte intervention or end the rebellior.
lb? new election? were ordered by
H ?j-ovcrnment on account of alleged
frail?is in the Presidential election lest
?er. President Menocal insists
?fc?t he wa? icHcctcd over Alfredo
th? Liberal candidate, and re
lh and American interests in
?r.?i have te!e,?rraphed that as a
?tep vhe ? i?it of a few war
'.o Cuban water? would have a
. ??Tect. The Atlantic fleet is
tee at Guantanamo Bav manoeuvring,
and coui?j send detachment? to the
ariric'pal ports m a few hour?. At the
BBrjl T'epartm?*?-,' ail news of the ?
'-;ts of ve??el* is withheld.
'??m*.?* Reported in Rebellion
The report that former Pre? i
Unin, with a large follow!n?.\
joined tha revolt adds to the disquie'
il ?ft Havana in hi? or
ytttt I???, werk, and ia said to have '
anded it? Puerto Principe Province, in :
'?it tantre of the disturbance. The re
???Ilion i? in projrrees in Puerto Prin
rrft and Santiago province?, and i? im
?ment in Santa Clara. Condition? n.
'?? three other provinces, Havana. Ma
'-?niai tn?l Pmar del Rio. nre reported
**aat
Menocal Calls Volunteers
for Ninety Days' Service
H?van? I eb. ,1 President Menocal
'M juat issued a decree authori/inj* a
?I? for volunteers between the aires of
**t!*teen and forty-five year? to ser ??
*t ninety day?. It is rumored that
-??? former President, General Jo??
-"'toel Gomez, ha? landed at Camag?e*/ !
?ad that Lieutenant Colonel Quir."
'???raander of the CaaiagaBj fai
^?i re?*olt*d w:?h n\
?-"lei?l tnnouneeineti?. wat mude ta
**? thai - sacat
??4 affana] ? \AtWjm
??an goeotat
An er,-o ?r?er haa oct-urred in
*' '?* r"- . ? . ? > n .., ???ovemment ,
tftoj?! vu r,i?i. r-rr T,.y,e\s were
bleated
Cuban Official Says
Outsiders Aid Rebels
? ?ia convir.eed that outaide inter
**??* are fomenting or ar? aiding in
'??? foine'.t.in-- of the present disturb
>-temer.? wa? made yesterday
*V ? ?it>? Cuban official here. Whether
? ?ouide interest? h? r?f?rr?d to
mtt Ainencan or G?rnian. h? refused
** **7 They are not Cuban, he plainly
'??^a?ata>d.
**? ?tory in Th? Tribun? ye?t?rday
**"* th? on??oal n.jrnber of Germaaa
?? rt-tently have take?, pa??ag? for,
^** *at not denle.- tf th, i ?ban Con
?u J,,,Ur,1''> :* '*" i?-mtemi that
iba or,
*.*' "" ?,. hwea\
-T*"1"" e'arh Mai
,rt? and I
? r.d then bv;
?''01.It
'
rebels ore
? rt?. ?r.d an
her by
from openly
?r th?y h.v,
A larjfe tU-em
I
.., ,,<
?tiv??
AS IN THE DUMBA AFFAIR?
ar?! :. leader of the Liberal pert;..
cabled in President MeBOCal
night calling opon him to icsipi, ?n
favor of Vfee-Praaidcnt Varaoa Hii
meaaage -
"If ynu. .? homage '.?. jraai
hi?torical *M and uspirations t?.
leave a na'ne tiiat i-hall not be caned
by your chiMr.'i beCBBBe connote,i
w'th an era of your brothers' blot, I
Bl d the loss of the republic, resiirn t<>
Varona roap?rity will re?
turn.
"Pendipp grava moment?, on? naal
ntide In* the voice of eona?ei?n?M, not
that of ?aroua led pride, and still le?-- t<>
the voice of the mob that surround?
von, incapable ?to understand and to
ana historical responsibilities." t
B, 1'cli. IS. Following ia Presi- :
>.o::alV tej,!v to the cablegram !
I errera:
cablegram of this date has I
surprised mc because of its unexampled
audacity. Duly elected by the free and
ui.trainmelied vate of my fellow citi- '
:-.i?ns, nan? can aaaajr, except by placing
himself outaide the pale of the law, to
b? or eurtnil my pov *
"My dignity und --elf-respect are
liny insinuations that you and
year friends ?nay dar? ?.. make with th"
?vowed purpose of forcing me to abdi?
cate my eenatltatioBal right*-, ?n face of
the present seditious movement that it !
la my firm intention to put down with
( which I am capable."
Trouble Latent
in Carranza?s
??ibargo Plan
U. S. War with Mexico or
Controversy with Britain
? Poeabii.ifv
; ? h - ? a B?b*mm
i.mgton, Feb. 13.- General Car* ?
raiiia's proposal for a league of neu* '
trais to stop the war bj an embargo ;
on food and ?uppliea wa? regarded
lightly by officials ?,e?terday. To-day,
when they have had time to consider
the possibilities, they view it with sus?
picion, if not alarm.
On its face the suggestion might |
have been "made in Germany." From
thi? a? a starting point, there is much
conje?rture as to what Carran?.? has
?peciftcally in mind
The attention of State ltepm
officials has also been directed to the
possibility that Getrmaa rnachlaationa
may be r? - ponribl. fnr th<- conditions
in i uba. which ai" like';.- to force in
terventien apd i drum
on ?n? re ourei ?>f the i nited States
?,nly embargo which Mexico could
elTrrt that would ?r?fu? '<< th( progre-s
of the war is at. embargo on oil. The
British oil field? in the Tampico dis- |
trict are the chief hource of supply for
the British fleet, aid are therefore of
vital Interest to Great Biitain and her
allies. Any effort to embargo oil would
be: nie?, by prompt r<-'i.-tun? ? b) the
Br;ti*h government. !
Th<- Monioe Doctrine stand? in th?
way of liriti?h Intervention In Meaice
to pi'.t'-r?. the oil tie!?!?.
It is oeclared b> close observer? that
thi Britiah could r.-.' permit any
"wa'chfu! v.aititig" on this qaeation.
- the Carran/.a prop?
as h 1,1-rmtn plan to ?ngag? the united
tithe! in war with Mexico or in
a ??rioii? controver?y with Grt?at Bri'
tin Either result would be aeceptabl?
IB dejrnany. but preferably the latter
A? a r??ult of thi? new move by Car?
ranza, government official?? see the re?
cent aetivitlei of Gui* < ab**era in a
now light. When Cabrera wa' at At?
lant, ?? City ? chairman of the Mexican
tion of th? Mexican-AmericH'i
cominiHuion ha talked freely of t'1'- duty
of neutre! nation? to ?top th? European
war. At that lime it wa? not leed UlBt
h?? had (ierrnan leaning-.
I . S. Helpless lo Lift
(ierrnan Ban on Relief
Tt'MklnfteBi I ???"> 13- I'eep regret
at the expulsion by German military
??jthoritier of tha t*uaerlcaa relief
Belgtnm and North*
a-.r. France wan expre??ed officially at
the LHate Department te ?lay, where
?aid that there was absolutely
notHinr 'hat ibir gevernmenl eealddo
?,f the military
?
British Killing U-Boats;
Only 4 Ships Sunk in a Day
Curzon Credits Jellicoe w
Greatly Cripplint* Ruth?
less Campair*n
Londun, Feb. ]'?). Speak ?i,g
House of Lords to-day. Lord l'un
member of the War Council, said t'
Admiral Jillieoe, First Sea Lord cf I
Ar< ?irait/, \\*n "not dis satisfted" "*
the number of Gorman submarii
which never would return to Gorsaa
The first official explanation of
decease in number of ships sunk |
day by aubflaarinea, us compared w
the heavy toll a week ago. ansa gi*.
to-day, ??hen Sir Edward Canon *
"Le Petit Parisien" that the Mrit
navy hrd doatroyod "a very large nu
ber" of U-boat?, sir Edward add
that the activity of the British si
marines and destroy?rs svas COnatan'
increasing.
Recently unofficial reports ha-, e be
circulatod thnt more than 206 GaTtafl
submarines have been captured or i
?i ?yod b] the British navy, but
Officia] confirm; tion of this has t,<
ma.ic. Thfl exact number of BUbmari
?ictima probably ?rill not be ma
known until the. end of the vai.
There hr.s been ?*. most noticeah
falling off in the number of sinkm
lately. The average daily toll for tl
thirteen day? of the campaign is 11.6
'Oil!.
Far Helos? Million-Ton Ratio
It 'his eati' the submarines sson
sink iess than 600,906 tons of shippu
in a month of thirty-one da;,?. Bl lei
thaii half ?he aggregate it oral nredic
ed would be attained.
Admiral Baron Rerenford. drawin
nttetition in the Rouse of I/ords to tli
submarine menace and asking ss hi
measures bad been taken to meet i
said:
"We have lost since the beginnin
of the war 4.000,000 tons of shippinj
That is a fact which the public shou!
know, but 't la not nearly a? s'-riou
? appeal". We have made ??? th
lo?- very considerably. Three millio
tOB which have been lost have ),rr
more oi less adequately filled.
Thfl ??'?ii'-' of Lyiton, replying for th
Admiralty, said the government wool?
be j;Ih?I If it were possible t(, tai(r th.
puhlir entirely Into II eonfldenee, bu
that that would involve imparting in
formation to the enemy, and the Ad
miralty sea? determined that the tier
man? -hould have that information bs
experience and not through question;
in Parliament.
defensive Measures Kxtensisc
All the expedients suggested b>
Raron Reresford ?*r* being prrs.ed for
>.? aid With the utmost energy, together
with many others, lie continued, eset
In addition to those mentioned h. Bari
| furzen on February 7. Every desire
that human Ingenuity eould frame was
being employed.
Although 'be new phase of ?he sub?
marin" ss arfare was only a fortnight
old, Lord Lytton said that the eounti -
BaaiUltl put into effect already hi.!
achieved very considerable ?urces? and
justified confidence m expectations for
the future.
Apparently the mean? the government
is relying or, ?re a great multiplication
of daatroyen snd the arming of mer
ehantmen. Lord Lytton said that all tha
ship yard? m the world would aol
tat) build the de-troyii? needed, but
available yard WUt being iiti
)i*?d tor that purpose
l.oni Cursan In hia addresi adduced
i ?? of flgurea which, he elaimod,
ibOWOd 'bat the situation was less ag
graveling than might be BU*** I!
?.aid:
"In July, 1014, ?im mercantile marin
eansUtad of SJOO vessels la ,xeess ef
1 cud tons each, with a gross tonnage
i,? i?-,H.*,o,n00. At the end of lnst Janu
I ary the decrease had b"en only between
fi and n* per rent In gross tonnage. Ad
mirai Jellicoe and those who hare h-er.
with him are not dissatisfied with svhat
ha? been done, eren in the last fort
nigh?. Thry were not dissatisfied with
the number of l.erman submarines
that would BBVei reiurn tO 'heir own
? bo 11
TOLL OF SUBMARINES
IN 13 DAYS, 92 VESSELS
/ . ? ? (a nf the Gortuau nth*
morirte caiapaigu ta ?tate wet ?%
faiaUrws:
RLToRTLT) SI NK YESTERDAY
TONS
A iris-, British.U.993 ?
Foreland. British_ 1.960
West. Norwa-flgiai].... 750
Ada. British. 187
Total .14,896
PBEVIOl BL1 ::Kl'ORTKl)
Number ?>t ships, 8X; ton?
nage. 180,981.
TOTAL SIME ?ERRIXRV I
Number of ships. 92; ton?
nage, 196,877. British. 51;
other Allied, 7; American. 1 :
<?i her neutrals, 38.
11,999-Ton Ship,
3 Others Sunk ;
17 Men Missing
Freighter Afric, Owned by White
Star Line, Biggest Prize
of U-Boat Campaign
London. Feb. 13. The largest, though
by no means the most valuable, pria?
of the submarine campaign fell to th?1
<?ermans to-day, when the H'W-ton
White Star liner Afric was sunk, with
the Joss of seventeen of her crew.
N'o details nf the sitiVing had reached
London 1st" this evening, and the num
her of BflMflfl Bfjfll I, if an;., and thfl s ?lu?
cargo carried by Mm Afric aie
ut present unknown.
Th?* Afnr helm,???.! te th? Oeaasiic
Btflflua Navigation Cosapany, a ,r
so' branch of the White Star Line
Prior to O.e s*.ar ?he was in the Liver
pool, Tape Town and Australian ser?
vice, but at, the outbreak of hostilities
was commandeered by the Hritish Ad?
miralty Th?- last available record of
her mo* rments show.? that ?he, sa-.leo
from ? ape T?*rWs?, South Africa, or I'
cembrr S. No ?mti'iuncrment was mad'
a? to b?r dest'iiatuin ?nd ?,n news B
her h?d reached shipping at naval ei
lace.
While prn arilj ? freighter an?i on?'
of the largest under the Rritish flag
the Afric had accommodation? for ahflOt
500 passenger?, seroi.il class exclusively.
She was compl'-ted at Relfast in IWi*.
and was regarded a? extremely slow.
Asid? from the sinking of the At'rie,
the day's toll of destruction was light,
only three other ships, of a total tstatn*
rage of 9&&YI, BSBlatg" reported lost. Thev
svere the Rntish ships Foreland -?i"l
\.|a. ?nd ?h?. Nonsoicaa ti>.
West. No loss of life was report r
I'm- nf thfl thffOfl America.i liremen
aboard thfl Hr.ti-h flt?BBflf Sfl
when abfl Braa ahclled, torpedo??) and
-unk la?' Wi'dnesday flrafl wounded by !
a ?hell splinter and is now in the ho?
pi Lal at Queenstown, it was learned to- [
dav. Another American ?aid that, the
submarine gsve no warning and ?helled
the rrew as they were getting into the
lifeboats.
The attaxck was made 2M) miles from
shore, and one boat, containing twenty
three men, was afloat sixty-eight houra
befflre the occupant? wer.? picked up.
The csptan ?as taken prisoner and put
?hoard the t'-hnat, memb?r? of the n?--?
i tat? d
D BOAT BOMBARDS FRENCH
COAST. FLEES FORT Gt
li?<- I'er.oi.s \\i,und??d in \tt;??l,
?1- nth of \iloiir l:it er
Paris, lb. i:.. A submaria? yes
day attacked the French coast.
official statement read
"An eaemy Babauuria? emerged ;
o'clock yeaterday afternoon at
maath ef the ?Adoor River ar. ? ? .? .i
slbBts ;?? th? ?east. The ;,>n<i bat
rie? immediately replied. At th? I
shot the subsaagin? dived quickly, i
persons were wounded, one seiiou
The material damage was insignitica;
?Troops Moving
In Germany for
Big 1917 Driv
Campaign May Open Februa
20; U-Boat War Timed to
Hamper Allied Offensive
' ap-enhagea, Pen. IS. Tha tn
n QTementa ia Geraaaay preliminary
th** spring campaign ar<* now ?n f
TI,?* movements of the tro
.?cd tin- requirement? in ears !
the traasportation of regii
places ?elected far thi
,1.1.*. far -
?he coal shortage, for th? great rcstr
?ions upon ordinary traffic.
(iisrman newspaper:', say that
February 20 new and still further i
strictions on train schedules will
i-sued, and, according to rjmor?: en
rent in Berlin last week befara Th.- A
?eclated Press correspond? r.t left thel
pu entire .suspension of
traffic w:is contemplated for a pern
o' niaMinum intensity in troon ?ra-i
fers.
These ai.'l other sign? would iinlic.-i'
that the (ierrnan leader-? expect tl
opening of the 191*3 campaign quite i
early as in the previous year, trail
a' \ erdun February 20.
I ?,- early itart of the ruthle?? ?ut
marine cani|,a gn was ?lu?- to the e?<pe?
tation of h 11 early spring campaign, s
a (ierrnan military man told The A?s?
ciated Prri* correspondent during
dtaca ?ion "? the dtflleultie? with th
I nit,.*! --t?;.-, II, ??id that the -o'
marine campaign had aal been ? sp?et?
so soon, bul tha' foi ? OBI ti
date had been advanced "naval rea
???n*?" prohabl*. meaning plan.? to Intel
feri ".ith 'h?' expected transfer of Efl
fente troop?- a.-ro*? ?he BBITBW seas an
to confuse, ?f pos-ible. the Kntent
plans of action.
Break with Other
Central Powers
Appears Certain
Relations Badly Strained b)
U R?iat Policy and Hold-up
of Relief Ships
R a klagten, Feh. I".. There wen
strong indication during the ?lay that
the leveranc?. of relations with (;<??*?
many would hr extended to the othet
Central Power?. Austria'? adherence to
Germany's p??ition is regarded a? pra?>
tieally certain to force ,, break with
?"iiiitr. Amb???ad<"- Klkus, at
? snstaatiueple, wot inatroeted to-day
t?? aacertain whether i i - spar?
??ing 'inder the Turkish flag were un
Ber tn.? -atne instruct ioai as those of
Germany and Austria
Senou? difficulties with Turkey al?
ready exist over interference with Ar?
menian and Syrian relief and the de
tentiofl of more than 1.000 American
refugee?.
S'o massage ha? been received since
the break with Germany from either
Ambassador FIVu?. in Constantinople,
or from Consul General Murphy, in j
Sofia, who cared for American nitere???
'hronghout B?ilf?n? *
Germany Repudiates
\ Her Peace Overture;
\ 13. S. Is About to Act
Cabinet Is Divided
Arming of Ameri
can Ships
WILSON TO DECII
WITHIN 48 HOU
Unmoved by Bryan-Pi
fist Element?Firm Stai
Predicted
Its STKVENSON H. IV?4MI
Washington. Feb. 13.-?A clii
?H the pre.-ent crisis between
United States and the German :
pire may be reached within fo
eight hours or les?, .'r?silient 1
son within that time is experti-i
indicate the rafaninating point of
ptolongcaj <ii.i?i?ii''-at .?m a> to
next step to be taken bv the Un
short of actual hostilities
The '!<? ??inn probably will i
?ern the arming ?if American n
. hantmen. The Cabinet was in
?inn for more than two hours
afternoon, and -pent a s*ood pan
?lint time wiaaillilig with the im
d?ate problem of funs for the
Louis. Thore ITU I serious dif
? of opinion. The tustentend
of well-in formed men in Washing
to-night is that the President did
?ide with the pacifists.
i ABINKT IS DIVIDKl)
Lansing, Lane and Houston t
the position ihat this governm
. ;-i make effective the d?clar?t
of the President that the Uni
States would not recognize the rij
of the German government to p
??-.im forMddejO zones on the h
B-B-st,
That declaration is distinctly i
I'fTVi tivo as lotlf as American m
chant ships are compelled, because
lack of protection, to keep th
ports. \\> matter what the Germ?
think about it then, it is incumb?
upon this government to assist in '
arming of the ships.
Baker. Daniels, Rurlesnn a
Gregory, the Bryan-pacilist group
the Cabinet, pleaded on the oth
- ;de. This irovernmeiit had gone f
enough, in their \ iew. when it to
the American nrerchant maritie th
conditions on the high seas had n
beeii thange?l by the German frigl
fulness manifesto and suggested th
American ship*; protect themselves.
WILSON WILL DBCIME
A great latitude of diseoasioii w?
permitted In the Cabinet. Howeve
the responsibility is just where it h:
leen right along-on the shouldei
of the President ?and he fshows r
desire to share the burden.
There is much more optimism, e>
pressed and unexpressed, as to th
ibility of the United States staj
ing out of war, in Co'i'-'ress tha
there is in circles closest to the Pr?s
[dent. Despite the hollow Germa
offer of a parley, an?l ?lespite th
pacifist sentiment which Bryan am
his friends have managed to creaU
the government look3 to the day
immediately ahead with deep ?*on
cern.
The ?inking of the 11 .?M'9-ton Brit
iah pa-?enger liner Afric to-da*
? hhout warning, the rews from Ger
? that the |.'.o\ernnient had m
of re;r''atinir from its an
nounced policy of -inking ships with
i q| '..; !.. . and the approach o)
American cargo boats te the forbid
?'en zone are developments tendinj*
ti increase the tension.
I B, STANOIM. FIRM
The t?*mper of the Administration
! was BtTOBaffi*, ind:cn'?'d \>- two BflCW?
? ta,.day:
I, Th.- m iterati-il ?ie-rard BPOI
many, servad thi*?s?s*"* the Sflrtaa Min
i-rrr. that I ? ' i'.-r ? Bfl
irlea?e?l. This fmen mcp'. lakfl
? anoiisly fiie tsti that, (iermatiy, has
[?g stated that thfl Yerros?dale crew
would be free to lease the country,
' now appeais to be holding the men as
1.1?staizes. The demand that went for?
ward to-day, aj I'ount son Bernstorff
i waa saying his llaal gondhie? at theem
haaay, is the third demand this gov
emment has made.
?J. A hill offered in ihe Senate to?
das b* Senator
- ? [- i 7-111 if the Prcflidflflit to open
\mTioan B*>t*tfl to the flrarshipfl o? th>
Btaina
us polir;, of anraatrieted sehn
,s..r'.?re. This would give the Allies a
(Treat advantage in patrolling the trun*
htlanf.c sea lane.?, a.? th? y could have ?
tiH-?-? BB this ?Ide.
Senator SauUbury's resolution ob- j
tain? special significance hecause of
his intimacy with the President. He
would do nothing against Nfr. Wilson's |
wiahe? or anything calculated to em- |
barrsas the President. Mr. Saulsbuty |
i? president pro tern, of the Senate, 1
and, therefore, leader of the majority, I
and i* a member of the Foreign Rela?
tions Committee.
BERNSTORFF HOPES
WAR WILL BE AVERTED
.From The TriiVjn? Buraau!
Washington, Ftb. IS.?Count
Ban Bernstorff befort ?raving
hrre to-night issued thi fol
',.;? ?n<7 ulntrinrnt
In leaving the United
State?, after ? ?tay of eight
vein. I wi?h to extend to
my many personal friend? my
heartfelt thank? for the
great kindn??? and cordial
hospitality which have b?een
?ho-am me. My heart ia full
of gratitude to those who??
pet-tonal friendship never
wavered during the trying
year? of the war.
In the last day? 1 have re?
ceived ?o many cordial fare?
well meiaaf?! that it wa? ?m
poaaible for me to thank
them all individually. The
Counte?? Bernstorff join? me
in this expre??ion of our
deepest personal gratitude.
I hope that war may be
averted and the old friendly
relation? between the United
State? and Germany may
soon be reatored.
{?>i tails of ths plans for
Von Bet M tOt ft railing to-do f
,,fi ?'age J. )
Third Demand
For Release of
Yarrowdale Men
Berlin Admits 72 Americans Are
Being Held ?as Hostages
for German Sailors
r,.r Wirmt Buraau*
Wa.-hington. Feb. 13.?A third de- !
i nand was made to-day by the State !
Department on Germany for the re- i
lease of the seventy-two American ;
?,i:*-oneis taken into Germany by the j
ruder "prison ship" Yarrowdale.;
Il was directed to the G??rman gov?
ernment through Dr. Paul Ritter,
the Swiss Minister here.
The first demand was made
through Ambassador Gerard before
the break. While it was in trans?
mission Germany promised to re?
lease the men. After the break they
were held up, ostensibly as hostage?.
\ new demand was dispatch?!
t,irough the Spanish government,
It* no answer was received.
It was learned definitely to-day,
)-owever. that the (ierrnan govern?
ment was holding the prisoners until ?
assured that German citizens and I
their property in this country were I
m?ei\ring legal treatment.
Will Not Force I??ue
Although there is great indigna?
tion at the treatment of the Yarrow- '
dale prisoners and other American?
?11 Germany, the disposition of the
State Department is not to force the
it sue, but to act with the utmost pa?
tience. The Cabinet discussed the
question to-day and decided that in
view of the imperfect communica?
tions between the two countries it
would be a mistake to raise a grave
:s-.ue over matters in which life was
not involved.
Germany'? action in detaining the !
men is desc-ne? ov official? as unjusti- '
fiable, even it the Herman government
believes German.*; in this country ?re j
BeiBg treated illegally or improperly.
Th? Slate Department ha-i a complete
???<-,n?) of th? wirele.s? telegram?? th?
have been .?et.? *..* Germany ?ince the
brea*. These Hispatche? ?how that the :
German government ha? had ample op- :
portunity, through it? newspaper? at
]ea?t, of learning the truth about con?
dition? in the L'nited States.
Suspect? Political Censorship
It i? con?i'lered possible, however,
that Germany believe? there is a polit?
ical ?"ri.*or-.hin of the wirele?? which
permits only matter favorable to
the l'nited State? government to go
t h rough.
Th?. Spani?h Ambassador in Berlin
ha?, iaatTBCiiOBl to investigate the de?
tention of the American? and report at
oner. Communication with him, how?
ever, i? exceedingly ?low, a? all pa?
cages have to go through Ambassador
Willard, at Madrid.
GERARD IS EXPECTED
IN PARIS TOMORROW
*.\ill Re Guest of Ambassador William
Grave? Sharp
Pari?, Feh. If, Jame? \V. Gerard
Bad Mrs Gerard are expected to a
111 Pari? Thursday. They will be the
guests of William Grave? Sharp, Amer?
ican Ambassador to France, and Mrs
Sharp.
Berne, Feb. It Irawas? \V. Gerard.
the form?r American Ambassador to
Germany, accompanied by Pleasant A.
Stovall, the American Miniiter to
Switierland, called on President
Schulthe?? thi? afternoon. After a
long convocation, th? American dip?
lomat* paid a vi?it to Dr. Arthur
Hoffmann, chief of the St?--,?? Pol HI
(?1 Department.
All Craft To Be Sunk
Unwarned, Germans
Notify World
NEUTRALS' LIVES
NOT TO BE SPARED
Further Negotiations Not
Warranted or Planned,
Berlin Declares
Berlin, Feb. 13 (?.na London).?It
Is absolutely denied here that Ger?
many in a note to the United State?,
or through other medium, is inviting
suggestions for the avoidance of act?
ual war. It is reiterated that the
imperial government is not permit?
ting doubts in any quarters rcganl
ing the position actively assumed in
the U-boat wurfare, and that there
can be no talk or thought of reces?
sion from the programme already
being carried out.
In view of this, it is declared in
authoritative circles that any fur?
ther parley or exchange of note?
with the United State? may be dis?
missed as unwarranted and improl?
ahle.
The origin of the report is as?
cribed to the recent announcrni'-i
made through the Swiss government,
that Germany was willing to neg<
tiate respecting the amended treaty
of 1790.
Following i? the memorandum pre?
sented on Sunday to S? cnt.-nv l.ai
sing by the Swiss Minister, who offi?
cially represents Germany in Wa?h
mirton:
The Swiss government ha? been
1 requftftaBii by the German govern
r mont to ?ay that the Intfer |i now.
a? before, willing to ncpntinie.
formally or informallv. with the
I'nited States, provided that the
commercial blockade against Eng?
land will not be broken thereby.
Will Warn No Ships
Henceforth, Says Berlin
Amsterdam, Feb. VI (via I.oi.
don).?All periods of grace for neu?
tral rhips entering the /.ones at,
rounced as prohibited by Germany
have now expired," according to ?
Berlin nflicial statement received
here. The statement says that im?
munity ceas??d m respect to the At?
lantic and Knglish Channel zones on
the night of February 12, for the
North Sea zone on February <?> ami
for the Mediterannean zone on Feb?
ruary 10. It continues:
"From now on, therefore, in ail
prohibited zones the warning which
has been issued is in full force and
shipping can no longer expect indi?
vidual warning. Vessels which en
ter the prohib ted areas do so with
a full knowledge of the danger*?
threatening them and their crew.*?
It is expressly stated that all ?
spread from enemy ?sources alxm?
any torpedoing of neutra, ship*
without previous wanuntr, before the
dates mentioned for the various pro
hibited areas, is incorrect.
"The periods of grace mentioned
were also in force for enemy pa*
"-enger vessels because it wa'' fat
sible that they were carrying neu
trnl pass??ngers who \v??re perhaj.*
ignorant of the new blockade r?-g?i
lations."
Washington Mystified
by Denial from Berlin
I | Ti- ii- ? 1'..i.-.a-?
Washington. Feb. IS. Official? are
mystified bv the obviously inapt red
Berlin statement that no "peace ef?
fort toward the t'nited States govern?
ment had been authorized.
It' this ?taUment i? intended to deny
that Dr. Ritter, the Swiss Min-'e
was authori7?*?l ?o pre??*i,i hi? ineir.
oraidnui of Suaday to .-??er. , I *?
? n b\ I kaaa order* Hi?i "?
?ha' "the German government" had re.
quested him 'o make the overture??
Washington take- th.* Berlin ?t'??y
to be partly an address *o 'he dermal
people, intend?'?) primarily for doi
tic consumption. It id. R?
lin'? retort to the blurt ??tat? i
from the Cnited State? that iht* gov?
ernment would have nothing to do
wi'h Germany until the submarine
frightfulness edict was withdrawn.
The American Sute Department w??
convinced that Dr. Ritter had autho*
it?, fr?;in his government to pre-ent t.?
the government of the I'nited St
-ugge?tion on Saturday whic
? ;iov\. ! by the written memoran
dum on Sunday.
The hand of Bernstorff wa? seen i?<
the affair troni the iMfiaaiBf ?>*'? ??*
Dr. Bartheimo'* wirele?- to tientan?
lagt Tues.i.iv rcommon.'.-i thi* pr*H
?etinn it had been assumed that au?
thority for it had been obtained ?1 ??
from Berlin. It i? well understood, how?
ever, that Germany would have pre?
ferred not to put the proposal in writ?
ing, but only to offer it informally, a?
a peg on which to hang newupapar
Propaganda. . .
Ifthe German government per?i?t* If
denying th.t Dr. Ritter had no a?
thority to make hi? ?uggeation ther?
?ill be an investigation into ti* wnole
affair. *

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