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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 15, 1917, Image 8

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??ctti gork tjTribunc
? ir?f to Last? the Troth: Ni*-**? FxHtorlsls?
nu BSDA1 i i ma \KY IS, I9i?
? ? Ohi.KI ?r-l ru*.'i?b??* d?.i? by Th? Tribun? A? ?
?f'.l<?i Raid. r-Midm!. ?; tmamt
Utrnjan. Vata-t^eeaSmt; 1U-..?:J il Waldo, tetitAatt: I A
-., a ? ?- . .? Building, 154 Naaaaa
!-??i>>,Cni?, K'tk-naa I
B| r."??-*Rrr-"TON" ra r"Bfl By Man, i?o?*?\g? ???<*. ***?'?
?y. I meal .'I P?:!? ant?. 1 month ? '
6 month!
"i??l ? ? ??a- t "?
v ou.7. 1 year ... ?"
DAII * ? DAT. KA1I.V AM? sisiur. _
i - ?: ?t ? ?
? un? y?ar. a .v
DABJT ?>**..T,
- a ? month. .JJ
.. 6.?S ua ?a?. .... S.OS
DAll.V (?Sl.T ?I M'AT ONX*
I Ol a n .-? ... **
' On? jcaj ... i. . ..... LIS
r-iter?d at th? Paatafll ? at ttea Tort ?a Beer' ? ' ? <?
Ma w.
You can purchase men-handise advertiaed
M IHK TRIBl NI with absolute safety?for
if <H??:ili?fa? lion results in any case THY.
TRIBUNE Ruarsntee? to pay your money bail?
(?pon request. No red tape. Noquibblln-*. We
make good promptly if the ad>ertiser does not.
Call Congress in Extra Session
in joint laaalon """esterday de?
clared Pre-idcnt Wilson elected for a
second t? nu. l'util that formality had
been pone through the President might
have felt himself debarred by eticjuette
' from issuing a call for an extra session of
Congress after March 4 next. Now then*
? <*ati he do impropriety in hi* issum"? such
a call, since hii nght to take office next
month, concurrently with the new Senate
and HOUM 0? Representatives, has been
officially and finally recognized.
The new Congress ought to be assem?
bled in Washington as soon as possible
after March 4. The statutes require a
notice of thirty days*. so that if a call is
not issued before March 4 or March 5
the two houses cannot meet until April 2
or ?.. In that event there would be an
Interregnum of more than four weeks in
which the President would be deprived of
the cooperation of Congress and would
be unable to "?'lain legislative sanction for
many acts fur which sanction might be
; urpently needed.
We may drift along until March 4 with?
out any clear determination of our status.
so far as Germany is concerned. Then
for a month we should be without the
proper means of determining that s-tatus.
since the power to declare war is lodged
exclusively in Congress. The risk of an
interregnum at Washington durinp March
should be retluced to a minimum. For even
if we get into war within the next two
. weeks and a half, the new Congress would
be needed thereafter to pass war legisla?
tion of various sorts?most of all to ar?
range for a mobilization of our military
It was one of President Wilson's grav
fla*, errors two year? ago that he did not
call the prc.-ctii Congress in extra session
imrnediateiy after the sinking of the I.usi
tania. A vote of > 1.000,000.000 for de?
fence at that time and the adoption of an
intelligent military programme would
probably have brought a secure under?
standing with Germany before the suin
?aer aras ortr. We should have escaped
vsar by showing that we were ready to
tight for our rights.
fortunately! we took the other course,
and now we have to ficht in the end with a
- which ha.-, trifle?! with OS and in
. *ulted us solely because it despised our
spirit and interpreted in its own way
our failur?- to make rudimentary military
The error! of the past cannot be re?
paired. I!u- -imilar errors can be avoid
1 he Tribune tried hard to have an ex
. called in 1915. It believes that
an extra did Ik- called now. The
expiring has been a cruel
disappointment to Ihe country, chiefly be?
irai'?'. 1?-tu]? i ship and
-<-lar;';. rhe next Coi gn c i
hardly fail to i ? ai nhtded and more
intelligent. Such as it is, however. tl>p
country r ? ? , and need then
at once. Kvery day'i delay in issuing a call
for an extra Bessie?* can only add to the
pen ? m our wretched condition
of national unprepared: ?
Labor Not Above the Law
Practically the only element in the popu?
? huh opposes tl
tiori of a mounted state police force is or
?'?d labor. Its representative
the project with abuso and mi^rep
Their argunKnti againsi ?
way thia
sylvama or a delib?
erate intention to igt ] ,- r,,,
not hard to find. Labor union lead
!y on the thiV. rfl-aj. anf* the
"ipaniment of serious
? and the destruction of
Prop? .. intimidate
put them into a frame of
? compliance
union den of the
which would re:-ult if they
ri are cunning
recate the use of violence
during -ati s their temper ge-ti
th- better of their jtidirrrrcnt. a., happened
M tOO ma- ?,, vio
in fact as well n . -.-, ?,,,,*
organized labor wants DO police body in
?i upholding the
law and la ? than thOM
sg<?fn-ir-s the public now has t?> rely on.
a\n.' ator MiHa'i bill <-r?-at
pro-. Kling that these
-:-; might serve in municipalities only
local authoritie?. had certified
anuble t/> handle lawbreak
? r.ere would weaken the nyst-*rn and
? ap the polite m their law enforce
' It wo?ild l?e a o to the
af v.hon f'r<,wn
? ? ? they
iu there some particular kind of disorder i
which you arc unwilling tu have re
1 strained'.'" Such amendment would Dot, in
' reality, lessen their antagonism to the
measure one iota. Nevertheless, if "ffKirtf
that change is the condition of its passage
by the Legislature, the chango should he
made on the theory that three-fourths of
a loaf is much better than no bread.
Cse of the state police in labor troubles
is by far the less important part of their
work. The really important part lies in
their patrolling of rural districts, their
handling of all varieties of crime there,
from tape and arson to ordinary crop-steal
in >r, their unfaltering pursuit of criminals
until arrest is made, their splendid en?
forcement of the game and forest laws,
their service in emergencies of lire and
flood. Most of UM work of this descrip
I tion could be accomplished by a force in
this state as good and as well directed as
! Pennsylvania's, even with the limitation
: ?suggested; and if riot beyond the ability
I of a city police force to handle should oc
; cur it would be the fault of the local au
! thorities if they delayed too long in calling
I on the state police lor help.
This proposal was killed last year be
I cause of labor union opposition. The im?
pudence of this demand for exemption
from the penalties for their "particular
kind of disorder'' is amazing. The -t?te
needs the protection which would be given
by the mounted police, and the lawmakers
ought not to hesitate to take the necessary
? steps to give it.
Count von Bernstorff s Success
The rancor A mer ?cans must feei toward
Count von Bernstorff by reason of his devi?
ous machinations on behalf of his <?*overn
ment need not blind us to his brilliant abili?
ties in what was undoubtedly the most diffi?
cult diplomatic post of the war. The prob?
lem which he faced daily, almost hourly,
was less one of diplomacy than of modern
publicity?the art of the front page. Bow
to reach that front page at the montent of
moments has been the despair of countless
American statesmen, born and bred to its
study. It was Count von BernstorfF's feat
that he intuitively mastered our journal?
istic processes?which is to say, that he
mastered the one direct route to the pub?
lic's eye and mind.
The cost of German propaganda in this
country? has been very great. Its returns
have been ridiculously small. It is ??zip to
say that the ingenious BemstortT forth?
puttings, timed to the second, did ten times
more for the cause of Germany in ?America
than all its subsidies put together. Ha?l
a correspondingly keen sense for neutral
feeling and ability to appeai to it prevailed
in Wilhelmstrasse, a ?cry different ban
dling of the war would have prevailed, with
it is impossible to say what differ?
result in neutral attitude.
The facts were always against the Ger?
man Ambassador. Whenever his govern?
ment could blunder it did, whole-heartedly
and unreservedly. Count von Bernstorff
sat in the game with a pair of doue?
of the time. And he almost invariably
won. Nothing more need be said to ex?
press the extraordinary feat of Count von
Bernstarff or the extraordinary failure of,
our government to cope with his methods. |
The one great victory Americans can
congratulate themselves on is the con?
sistent courtesy and good humor with
which they have taken Count von Born
.-torff's success. 11 is departure without ?
suggestion of discourtesy is p credit to our
national poise and self-control.
"Another Five Months"
An anonymous writer, describe?! by Mr.
Bidder as "a well known authority on the
subject of the toll which German subma?
rines have taken of British and Allied ves?
sels," offers the readers of the "Staut
Zeitung" a wealth of figures and argu?
ments all tending to the inevitable eonclu
Ba-oa that "another five month* if war
would seem to spell the end." He deals in
detail only with strictly British 1*
touching but lightly and in a general way
on the destruction of neutral tonnag-e and
the tonnage of Britain's Allies; and as he
believes he has. demonstrated "that the
English mercantile marine has suffered a
lOBI of at least 32'2 pt?r cent of its effi
ciency," so he is satisfied that "another
absolute loss of 10 per cent, combined with
a (?rowing depreciation and the ?net' .
difficulty of procuring crews and neutral
ships, will make it impossible for England
?to continue the war."
On ihe other side we have relatively
cheerful reports from I/uidon. Even Lord
ford, who less than three moi tfc
trag deploring the "di?-a.-trou-" state of at
. ?omplaining bitterly thai no lietinit?-*
and systematic step:- had been taken to
deal with the Bj*d)gnai?M RMtiaee, and
warning the public that the .?bip of
B/as drifting on the rocks in the charge of
blind pilots even I/ird Bercsford i- be?
ginning to brighten his constant gram
blings, and criticisms with llashes of hope.
He records the loos of *i .000,000 to
shipping as a grave fact that m
but add*- that, it is "not. nearly BO
.'?rious as it appears," since ",000,00(1 have
beta "more or less adequately" r? placel.
IyOrd Lytton speaks with no less confidence,
and Lord ?"urzon gives th<* assurance thai
the net decrease since the beginning of the
war amounts to no more than ."i or 8 per
It is difficult to determine exactly htm
UM matter does stand at pre: cut, Mine the
reports from various sources an- so main*
contradictory. We may safely ac?
cept Sir John Jellicoe's recent a?lmi ?on
that the menace to th<- British merchant
Servies is at present far greater (ban II
ever was liefore. It does not follow, how*
ever, that the end is so near M the prophel
ti the "Staats-Zeitung" would base it. II?
makes too grudging an allowance for the
replacing of lost tonnag?'. Kxactjy what
the possibilities are at present we lannot
tell, but in the year In?fore the war the
merchant toniiags 'ompleted in British
shipyards amounted to something not far
'lOO.OOO. Tin? lig'irn. Si ' ''Hi
*.? Mi. 111.I* , . ,
g, then, thai t ho Inunediate need
o? the na\y are provided for, it u quit?
conceivable arranting sufficient fe
?to the British government?that th
l?ge done by the C-boats may be su
ly made up to postpone the downfal
' Empire beyond the allotted period
Possibly, indeed, the Germans ha
l?egun to show what they can do. at
ultimately do much more. They <-n
i have not lost a single submarine sii
. d campaign befjan, and if
true the prospect for them is by sr
:the more hopeful. For though we ;
surer! they ate turning out. submar
; the rate of three a week, it is clea
they iaiit.1.* by any means create am
'?tews in the same way. Unfortu
WS have no means of testing their
tions, because for a long time pa
; British Admiralty have refooed to j
any particulars about the work of th
in this field.
There are, in short, so many ?
which can by no means be determine
the only posaible way of judging ?
success of the lateai German endea
by following the daily lists of joiaei
' must wait and M
Daniels, Back Stairs Diploma!
.-'? rretary DanieU ia lefl in i bighl
liaiTaaaing position by the disclosure
cerning the Bartelme cable dispatch,
dispatch, lenl ostensibly to the Cc
''(ia/.ette," bin not yet published in
newspaper, was used by the Gernuui
ernment as a basis for its expn
through the Swiss Minister in Was
ton of a qualified willingness to rasun
gotiatiom over the treatmenl to b<
corded to Americans on the high se?
the commander.? of German submarin?
Secretary Jianiels. after an intei
with Dean Kirchwey of Columbia Un
laity, consented to read and help edi
Bartelme dispatch, which, in it?. fina
Vised form, contained Util a.-suraiic
Germany: "Front high sources, ?*,
identity cannot be disclosed. I am u;
i almost implored, to comey to the Get
people, and if possible to the governn
the idea that the message (meaning P
, dent Wilson's adtlress to Congres.?
nouncing the dismissal of Count von E
storff and the recall of Ambassador
rard) should not be construed as indica
any desire on the perl ?if the governr
or the people for war with Germany."
Por Mr. Haniels to pass this myster
hint as to "high sources" \sa? ?-ithi
vouch for the authenticity of Mr. Ba
me'.- account of feeling in official cii
in Washington or to consenl to an im*
tion "ii the German government. \
should a member of Mr. Wilson's Cab
take the Intublc to help edit and forw
to Germany ? message plainly sugges.
that the President did not wan? to h
Germany take his speech to CongreM a'.
tace value?
Did Mr. Daniels engage in an intrigu.
?c.'ire a renewal of diplomatic nei/otiati
with Germany only two days after ?lb
matie relations had been publicly bro
off? Or. if that WM not hi? purpo.?e. w
was it?
The Secretary of the Na\y was evider
not acting in harmony with the State
pari ment when he contributed to scat
such impression- in Germany. Whose m
was he interpreting? It is only anotl
mystery of a highly mysterious situati
Secretary Lansing is apparently mt
ed at the results of Mr. Bartelm
representations to Berlin. But. Mr. I b
iris ?a as much to blame as anybody else 1
the misrepresentation (or was it realh
imsrepresenUtion?) of the Administi
tion's attitude conveyed to the Germ
Foreign Office.
Many conks spoil the broth. And !?
Daniel? has hardly shown himself co
petetit enough at his own job to entitle h
to mix freely in the Administration's dip
macy. Yet at that we prefer him as
diplomatist. Can*! the Administration fii
a place [or him for the nexl four years
i remote South American republic'.'
Boston and the Argentine
' . r/M Soaloa Watamt)
Peculiarly intimate are the business tl
. h? the commercial centre
New England, and the f*reat and propres?!'
capital of the Argentino Republic. Our.?
Lthfl greatest wool' market in the t'nit?
|i the B*reatea1 hide tnarkft, ar
lthfl Algeatinc il the chief source ?if our BU|
?ply of these two *"-reat ttuple . ?With dir*
h:p connection! now seessiagly n.-Mir?
[*fl s <.'ii;lit t'i do a largfl business With Huen?
Ay res.
Th? Kir-t Natiotssl Bark of th;s rit y i
a full eotastlamaal si
eial expert s branca in Baaaai Ayres thu
ml, to t * i ? < il past
ire 11 s of bts ? .? ? ?.. Th
to serre tl
ite banking need- of an enlarged trad
in tha' Qjuatiar, bat tS Bet h. a bureau of til
?ion 1er any concern-, throughout Ne1
England which may eontcmplat? extendii
their business in the southern hcmi.'phere.
A fortnight inC? the K;n.?cr sent a BOtfl
I i;
i ni,-, tying th? impresi?n that he did no
II citizens ?ho ?tiled fo
'What help ?or us if Wilhelm rares to piling
u? In
hips are at (?uantsnamo,
Our raen just on: ?.* Mexico;
'I hank God for lintain's navy that is watrh
inp at our ?i<..
A foxy cuy, the Kaiser, and he talas foi
yards and yar?l?.
And all ihn tim? he'? talkinj" he i? ?'arkinc
up the curd*
We h?ten to hi? chatter and for-jet the hat*
of Hun,
|a< what arill ?top bis a?ronianes from
X pjp our sons '.'
Our hips are at tiuantanamo.
Our ? ? , '.. K o;
' '.".) for Britain"! aa?y -?-? ? 11, its ant i
sircraft ,
JThfl War Lord do?? not always fi<*ht eiactly
by the book;
I Mis hulitnarinrs may be to nljrht du? east of
Bandy Reek,
\\.'-e had ts-.o ss??k? of warning to prepar?
against his whim
What, fate ?hiiuld overtake us if we're not
rl ? i* 111 m ?
'?m ships are at Gaaatauiaaso,
Oar i ; ? lo?? to Mexico;
(iod lor Britaia'fl battleship? that
I lUnd 'twut us and him. A. R. V. \
Will It Take the German Alarm Cloc
End Our Somnambulism?
jTo the Editor of The Tribune.'
A very large proportion o? the ini
taatfl of this country are suffering from
nambuhsm, and because they are able tc
and drink and talk they do not realize
they are dreaming. Another portion?al
urce one is plotting and spying in thi
terest of Germany. Still another portio
?sadly small one i? helplessly watching
re-?, and asking: "How long, O Lord.
We are tol?l that ?-he reason ?on.? couni
lia Lurope took side? with liermany and
era fell in line with the Allies showed
they knew on which side their bread was
jtered. We have had our bread butterec
both sides for over two years, bat every
who is awake knows that this artificial p
'perity cannot last, and that the sooner
enter the war the sooner we shall be assi
of butter on one side of our bread all
i time.
Watchful waiting, ideals and doctrines.
?I'hcate sentiment that makes us
proud to accept the aid of an ally in a
that we are not prepared to fight alone,
aeariaees to the fle?h.
We have levered diplomatic relation? ?
(?ermany. Iloes that mean we know on wl
tide ear broas' Ifl entered! Or is it gc
;to be another Mexican llf/i
In the mean time liermany i- srerkiag
an alarm clock, the only kind that will awa
sleeping America. ?AGNES I' * AMI
fork, Feh. l".. 1?1T.
More Watchful Waiting
-,r Editor of l bfl Ti Ihm -
Sir: As is 'h' ?a-,- with meal satrh
Americans. I have followed the recent de?
opment in the crisis with Gi-imany with
greatest of interest. When a week sine?
cerned that war was inevitable, while rea
lag to the full the terrors and tragedies
tondant upon war. I rejoiced that the Pn
dent had taken the honor of the nation
.heart at last and was disposed to defem
to the last. Rut later developments seem
i ?-how that the same old policy of "watch
. ' is in vogue at the White Hou
The motto of the campaign must ?till rei
?'He kept us out of war." And that ?11
trious, the retired, statesman William J
BtBgfl BryaB, in cooperation with one \
Bernstorff, is working to further delude I
American people with the shadow and pro
?se of peace. "Peace, peace, wY.cn there
no peace." Now, I am moved to wonder at t
process of reasoning that lies hidden behi
such speeches and act?.
"Peace at any price" is the slogan luir
at us by our frit nil Mr. Bryan and oth?
of hi? creed. Yet they will refuse to p
the price. Po they seek to buy peace flfi
? ,th evasion?, with dishonor? It
not thus that peace is bought! Peace is
most valuable condition. It is well wor
purchase, but even could it be purchased
-uch means it would come too dear. Ho
ever, the facts are different.
The security of a nation, as of an indivi
ual, rests on principles. They arc the fou
?lution of its very existence and life. A
dearest of all these principles is honor. 0
forefathers fought for liberty, justice ai
honor that we might enjoy peace. Are *
then unwilling to sacrifice at the altar th
as may hand down untarni?hed the-e r-acr,
ideals? They realized that the price of pea
was high, yet they paid it. Are we too coi
srdly t<> do our bit or has time dulleii t]
???Itf?? of our conscience that we seek to eva?
th?? issue, hilling behind empty words ar
phrases ?
Honor i? not. an emptv word. I? r?pre?en
all tha? make? a nation great and suprem
When we t,f-h? for honor we are justili??).
i - better to tight now in defenre of our hon?
than later in dflfeBCfl of our lives. Neith?
Mr. Wilson nor any man alive can save i
from war by pa;, ing the pnre with dishono
liermany has torn t?> *hrcds the honor of tl
Ameinan nation. Mr. Wilson has writtc
notes and barierc] ?he ideals of the cour.ti
for a temporary and shortlived peace. TI
time of accounting has come! Now we mu.
be prepared to pay for peace in the on]
coin that pa?*es a? standard, the coin of su
fering, of sacrifice, of blood and death an
1 , ? Palt', X. Y , Feb. 11, ltlT.
The Firm of Bernstorff, Dumba and Brya
in the Editor, ef The Tribaae.
Sir: I read with ama'.enient in your tc
dt-.'s eiliiion that Messrs. BrrnMorff an
Bryan 'the Austrian partner has been sen
a\sHy- are working topether to make delaj
li has been so from the beginning of th
war; the firm of Bernstorff, Pumba an
Bryan always worked together; they do B
now, and alwa\s will until some American
with a trace of red blood will put an end t
that treacherous combination.
Let Bernstorff sail away and take Her
Bryan with him and keep him, for the gooi
of this people.
Brian's influence in Washington is gettinj
on the nerves of true Americans, who, care
fully goinc hack on the record of Mr. Rryan
find him alwa>s actively enjratced for thi
foreign element, against the interest of thi:
nation. I,.
(?lens Tall?. V. V.. Feb. 13, HIT.
Suspicions of a Pacifist
To the !.*lit??r of I'm- Tnbunc.
Sir: In your issue of to-day I notice ar
anule 'Tieclare War at Once" signed "Ar
American Citizen." He i? indeed bloodthlrstj
in his speech, and in my experience I n?vet
knew such strong advocate? of war ever gc
to war.
It may be he sees some ultimate profit ii
there shoul?! be war, in some project he i?
interested in. as I can't believe th.?
sane man would attempt to write such a non?
sensical article. Any man of sense realizes
the horrors of the war in Kurope and thanks
Cod we arc not in it. If this American citi?
zen is really a patriot, bfl WOnld be exempt
from such anpaient fen,? ousness.
New fork, fob. IS, Ifl ..
Musi We Hare Another Lusitania Outrage?
In the Kditor of The Tribune.
Sir: What sort of an "overt act" do??
[President Wilson want before he can be
roused up to the point of defending Arneri
lesB rights? The staking of the passenger
Iship California, ?rith the murder of several
?somei* ;,n?l children, did not Itir the blood of
the White llou'c. Mut it be another Lusi
??ania outrage, or uoi?e? It is manifest that
'something houlil be done to safeguard our
tights on the high seas. As to our honor,
that went down with the Lusitania.
M. T. R.
N'ew York, Feb. 1.1, 1917.
A Russian Analogy
: To the Fditor ol The Tribune
Sir: I arisfe ?or the eloquenc? r,' DoiSOS
thene? or the pan of a ready writer; then I
' taW e-pre- ngg f,M. Mr Rly?n t(lf.
iKaspuiin of lha I'm ted Stales. p
I New York, Fab, 1*, 1D17. ' J
Let Us Forget Our Ancient Prejudices and Support Her Strongly?Hu She
Not Ra-nllv Bern Our Be-st Friend Amona the Nations?
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sr: Somewhat over one hundred yi
have slid into the discard since our
?war with England. It would be historie
correct to say since our first war with t
[ land. School books now about to go i
?the discard have misled a great number
Americans into the belief that the hostili
immediately following the Declaration of
iependence were between the United Sti
and England. Clearer perception of the tr
?leads to the discovery that what then
Barrad was a revolution on the part of c
tain subjects of the King of England agai
his usurpation and oppressive measures.
was a fight between Englishmen domiciled
America and the dominant faction of Ei
tisaSBflfl domiciled in England, resulting
(the upholding of the fundamental princip
of Engli-h liberty and- followed by the esti
'.ishment of an independent government a
?Basted chiefly by the love of liberty, wh
was the flBSflBCfl of English civili?stion.
The theories of the French Revolution i
doubtedly played a part in the formation
the new republic, but its laws, its languai
its literature, its bone and sinew, its pi
1 sonnel were, ami to this day, generally spea
ling, remain. Er.gli.*,h. As to the England
'centuries apo, so there have flocked peo|
of every luce. ?\evv clime, every languat
tc '.his new country; but not any of th?
singly nor all or them combined have be<
able, even if they desired, to change the c
sential racial characteristics of the good o
stock or to make us really foreign to tl
land that gave us our start in life. Our ha
may not be as light nor our eyes a?, blue m
our pronunciation or spelling as English ;
they o? ce were. Wfl may have a bit moi
vivncity, we may be less averse to change, u
may not have the ?jame reverence for the e
tablished order of things: but the America
who visits in England or the Englishes
who conies here and really enters into t'r
life of either for a reasonable time say. fc
as long as it takes a New Yorker to becom
fairly used to the ways and atmosphere c
San Francisco ? finds himself at home. Th
differences either finds are no greater tha
those which the Philadelphian finds in Bo?
ton?are less marked than the I.ouisiania
tinds in Maine. Ask any Rhodes schola
whether he found his fellow-undergraduate
tit Oxford materially different in ideas, aim?
manner of thought, making due allowance fo
differing antecedents and surroundings, fror
the fellows he associated with at his Ameri
'can university. One must make some allow
anee for different surroundings; one woult
not expect to find precisely the same menta
attitude in a native resident of Tucson. Ariz.
as one would expect to lind in a native rest
deal of Brookline. Mas?.
But let an American go to Berlin or tc
Paris, to Vienna or to Rome. CO Petrograd
Or to Madrid, he will surely feel like a
?tianger in a strange land for an infinitely
longer time and to an infinitely greater de?
gree than if he goes to London, to Manches?
'er, to Edinburgh, to Dublin or to a?- ?nml!
town in the I'nited Kingdom of Great Brit?
ain and Ireland. By "an American" I mean
be has been born and brought up here
as an American and not as an Fnglish-Amer
: ?can. IriBh-American. German-Americ
Italian-American, or any other hyphen?
variety. I ?Jo not car? whence hi.? pare
or grandparents cam? provided only h* ,
lived in an American atmosphere and not
?Little Italy, or (ierman rathskellers, or
George's, or St. Patrick's or St. Anyone Kls
peculimr neighborhood.
If, then. I am right in asserting that
spite of early mistaken prejudices or ai
mositie?, such a? usually follow family qui
reis, and in spite of modifications due
differences of climate and entourage a
age. we are essentially part of the Kngli
rae?? in language, custom?, laws, literatu
and general ways of looking at things, s*
should we hesitate to give to England in h
present struggle the fullest sympathy a
support" Is she not fighting to mainta
the principles of individual liberty ?nd go
ernment in which we also believe? Are *
any more a democracy than >he is? Bl
??all.- net- head King and we call ours Pie*
Jem: he is born to the title, ours is elect?.
but our?, in fact, has more monarchic
pawet than hers. Our commerce is prin?:
pally with her or her colonies. Her navy
our great protection, as has been demoi
mated many time?. Barring a little mi
understanding on the part of a few Knglisl
men of mistaken sympathies during o\
Civil War, has not Kngland been our be
i among the nations of the earth'.' T i
not forget the Fiance that helped us in 01
?struggle for independence just as .?he is no
. helping Bagiand or they are helping eac
other in this titanic struggle for freedoi
from military barbarism. But Samoa, M.
! nila Bay and many other incidents rise t
| prove her steadfast, friendship. The Ven?
? zuela incident aras certainly no more irr:
Itating o?- offensis? to the Monroe PetUJB
than was the French effort to set .Maximilia
?ipon tkfl throne of Mexico, yet one seldor
heais of France accused of being unfriendl
to us.
It is ta Kngland that the Kntent? Allie
look to secure the victory that is to brin
relief from German arrogance and brutalitj
! It is England that Germany looks upon as he
'chief enemy. The English navy up to now
i the English army from now on, and Eng
lanil's wealth all the time, are th? mainstay
'of the Entente's defence. Magnificent as th?
' French have been and are, brave a? are th?
! Italians, effective as have been ?even mon
?effective an will be- the Russians, withou
the power of England's navy and storehouse!
?at their backs they could not have held oui
i as they have done. Whether, then, we believe
: that blood is thicker than water, or w? lov?
France, admire Italy, svish to encours**?
progress in P.ussia. pity Belgium and Ser
bia or merely desire the defeat of the Cen?
tral Powers lest their triumph should mean
?trouble hereafter for us, is it not time that
we should come out strong and clear for Eng?
land, cease carping at her, cease ignorantly
asking what .-lie has done and save our own
influence by supporting her ?nd her allies?
England and our well-loved France?per?
haps Russia and Italy, too are now Bra
friends, their friendship being based on cor?
rect BBderataaflliag of each other's aims and
desires. Shall we not join them, forgefin?-,
our ancient prejudices, as they, too, have
done? M
i New York, Feb. 1, lyi?.
Dr. Manning's Birthplace in 1914-'15 an
the Ten Commandments
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: As you gave prominence to the Re?
Dr. Charlea Aubrey Eaton'? sermon of la?
Sunday in the Madison Avenue Bapti?
Chnreb, it seem? proper that this commen
shoul'l be sent to you.
It Is evident from what Dr. Eaton said tha
he feel; ?tror.gly that the United States hs
a moral obligation to support the cause of th
Allie? in war again-t Herman;.. In his ad
?Iress he ?aid:
"You can't arbitrate the T??r. i'ommand
Bleats. You keep them or you break them."
Dr. Eaton is a Christian minister, and th
Founder of his religion, whom he bel,
be divine, talked very little about the Deca
logue but when ?sked what the great com
mandment was replied:
"Thou slialt love the Ford thy God with al
thy heart, ami with all thy soul, and with al
thy mind. 'Hi is is the great and first com
mandment. And a second is like unto it
Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. Oi
these two commandments hangeth the whol?
las ?i ?I ihe prophet.?.''
Those to whom the Christian religion i:
?illy or saperstitieas have no concern wit!
this, but cannot, the words attributed te Je-u
Christ be fairly quoted to a Christian minis
ter as a criterion for his acts and thought?
teaching upon public matter.-'' An<l is Dr
Eaton's attitude in harmony with the Gospe
of I.ove? I? he not trying to arbitrate th?
:-.?o commandments, to keep them and break
them at the same time?
Incidentally, Dr. Eaton was born and edu
rated in Canada, and not entirely irrele?
vantly that other clerical apostle of mili?
tant Americanism which pleases the Allies
thfl tter. Dr. William T. Manning, was born in
England. Speaking in all sincerity. I do not
accuse either of the?e gentlemen of deliber?
ate and conscious hypocrisy, but does not the
evidence suggest that their spirituality is
alloyed with that purely human sympathy
which we call prejudice when we. do not agree
with it?
As a matter of, perhaps, nmu-ing interest,
:? nay be adde?! that in the paragraphs de
?o'nl to Dr. Manning in the volum? ef
Who's Who in America for 1910 Tl ami
li-TJ-'l.'t there it this information: Born
IMC, is England. But in the paragraph?
devoted to Dr. Manning in Who' Who lor
1!<l Uli an,I KtDs-'lT. there ?? only this infor?
mation concerning his birth: Born, I860.
The birthplace is not mentioned. I am ln
f?,riiie?l that each person whose name appear?
in Who's Who contributes the paragraph
about himself. Why ifl Dr. Manning's Eng?
lish nativity mentioned in the volume? that
appeared before the beginning of the war and
his preaching of Americanism, and not men?
tioned in the volumes that appeared after
the beginning of these things? (an it be
that the rector of Trinity Church, in talking
as he has talked while "England" was pub
Ii.-ly recorded as his birthplace, had that
"?guilty feeling" of which your F. P. A. used
Of cour-e I shall be accused of pro-Ger?
manism. I ?hall not ask space fully to refute
that charge, but only to say that I no more
indorse Germany's brutish acts than the
most blatant Anglophile, that I was born in
th? Unitad States, and that, so far as I know.
only English, Irish, Scotch and French blood
runs ifl my veins. My position is simply
this: although not professing the theological
faith he',I b. Dr. Manning and Dr. liat?n. I
do not believe that we ?-?n make this world
worth ?Ahile unless we attempt practical ap?
plication of th?? fundamental principle? of
Christ's kind of Christianity
No? York, Feb. 13, 1917,
I Unfortunately for our correspondent 's
ropuution as an international detective.
the Who's Who for l'.HI-Mf?, m which Dr.
Manning's birthplace was first deleted, was
issued in May. 191*1, some two months he
fore tin* war. Our ?-orrespondent. Blight
very readily have discovered this fsct from!
the volume itself.-?Ed.J
Raising Postal Rate for Magazines Would
Affect Readers, Writers, Commerce
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Bin One provision in the postofl.ce bill re?
ported to the Senate last Friday seems likely
to escape publicity in the pressure of world
nesv.s, and it deserves consideration fully as
much as the Postmaster's mail chute pro?
vision, which was combated at. a more fort?
unate lime and suppressed. Shall the rat?1
for magazines bo raised from the present one
cent a pound to one and a half cents a pound
in 1917 and two cents in 1018?
To quote from one magazine: "This meas?
ure Brill put a blight upon magazine publish?
ing la the United States an?l cause the sus?
pension of four periodicals in ten. The sec?
ond class postage rate ought not to be in?
creased. Even if the retention of this rate
actually did constitute a subsidy to magazine
publishers?it never has been shown that i'
costs more than one cent a pound to handle
magazines?the magazine as an educational
force is as worthy of a government subsidy
as the United States Bureau of Education.-'
That the government recognizes something
of this is seen in the abolishment of ?II
??harj-a whatever for weekly rural papers.
Quoting "The Times": "Special provision is
iiiad'- that the old law by s?hieh weekly news
paper.? are carried free in their own counties
shall be continued in force."
Do we want magazines? The farmers have
spoken, just as urban business interests have
spoken, concerning the mail chute and one
cent city mail. Congressional legislation is
too often a process not of investigation, but
of passing the buck from one interest to an?
other until the weakest get.? the load. Pro?
test on behalf of magazines think of your
favorite one advanced lu cents!?would not
be weak except for the present congestion of
editorial and news space.
Behind the magazines arc not only read?
ers, but writers. Markets are none too ?ecure
lindar the present prices of inks and printing
paper. It should be considered that the simul
taneous cutting off of half these markets by
this bill is not the sort of government en?
couragement to letters that compares favor?
ably with England's pensions or the scholar?
ship? of Germany. When the time comes for
a change affecting writers it should he a
charge that insures them not only thrivin?*
markets, but the opportunity of -ending their
wares at parcel poat rates, and not. as at
present, under letter postage, as if a story
aera a long personal letter to the editor.
Imagine basing to sell egijs by letter postage
and having to pay sam? for return if found
But, disregarding publisher, reader and
writer, if you wish, reflect that magaiines
through their B'lvrtr-ing columns and in
their own business offices directly gis-e rise
to many thousand- of dollars' ssorth of e\
penditure for first class, third class and par
eel postage. Not onlv the postoffice. but all
business, will fee! the limiting and the higher
co?t of advertising space. In ?hort, thi.?
measure to increase the rate on magazines
i? farrearhing bad business, if nothing elae.
and should hare protest from those concerned
eieiyhody. VEfcNON RAOCUPTE,
New York. Keh. 11, 1.117.
An Unmerited Honor
To the Kditor of The Tribune.
Siri I have just read your article in to
day's issue, "A Nomination To He Beaten "
I.ike all the criticisms I have read on the ?p
pointment of I>r. Grayson. it ?? unfavorable
Invariably the President is blamed, and very
juatly so; but I am surprised that no paper
a? far aa I have read, ha? commented on the
fact that It i? such a strange pioceeiling on
the part of the recipient that h? should allov.
an unm?r:te<l honor to he bestossed on him
at the expense of hia brother onVerv
| O rang?. Vs.. Feb. 12, 101 u
A U. S. Marine Writes Heartfelt P?^
of a Din-* Cartoon
I'o 'He Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In praise of Mr. Ding's tsrtaa
Saturday. Kebruary 1ft, "What Do Yo, t *
About Running a Battleship!4* I ?r\\\ ""
all due respect to all concerned, that**-! *^
ally. I do not believe any civilian, un!*?!?'?
?an ex-service man. can appreciate th
meaning of this cartoon. However, ti? * U"*
?about 5.000 servie--- and ex-sers ir. BjaslTak
York who are reader? of Th. Tribus.'*1
svho ?rill surely "laugh with Ding- ..a **
prec?ate the genuine ail and h<imor *?,"
prompted hist to create this .irauin? "
We men, thousands of u.?, hav? ?pe?. ?
;year? or more in Uncle Sams practical ??
'college, preparing ourselves not seliiihl./
'?he battle o:" life, but for the bottle of 1,
?the protecting of home and country a?
(paring our.elves tor the accurate -i-nrinr"
shot and shell rather than the at' ' '
ing of ink, we feel ourselves -?.?>. CfJJj
.an-l deserving of manning and comma*!?*.
?Uncle Sam's fighting craft than Ui? pr..--^
iuotis college Btudflnl who never. ?,iv??~\
country th? Bjhto? I i igst astil ? tr"
arises an.l he avails himself of the o?-m
?tunity of bringing to himself a lot of ,a?
?notoriety by "volunteering his servie?! '
jan officer." '
Where, we ask. la the student of math???
! '?8' Of I e -,s !io will %
, unteer his services as an apprentice lugu
leal soldier and take his chances al?
jsvith other men of equal moral, mental ?
physical ability? Our country to-d?y n -,
| ing this problem in civilian life even a?
'than in military life. Ask any factory rnat?
Her or labor head what his greate?t proble
?is, and he will tell you invariably that k
?applicants come to him with the expecUti?
lof relieving the manager.
The days of underrated and unrefined ?a
?hood in the l'nited ?Statu Navy are put, u
we has?? contrary to the dca? of a numb
S? in.?informed civilians i In our nary to-d*
morally, mentally, physically and spiritual
lg, a personnel not to be equalled by v
other country on earth. Men of th? flntMttj
'of moral character are rinding i-, th? or
to-day opportunities for real Kir-vie? and ?
?wards by promotion for every earntit ?
deavor put forth. Let m? ?nlighUn tb?
?who have heretofore had the very ralitak?
(idea that the I'nited State? Navy wat g flflal
ng ground for undesirable? and Incorni
tent?. I have aerved four year? in th? fan
States Marine Corps, and in view of Imp??,
|lag danger to our country have reenlirt
for the sol? purpose of b< ?ng truly prtpan
and in ranks with the first at th? trtt
| Three years of my previous servtc? at
spent aboard the V. S. S. \. yorr.ing. and dl
ing that time I took part in every battle a
target practice. Qualified as m first clai
gun pointer on the 5-inch battery, My re-?
was eight hits out of ten shot? in forty-*?.
liei*ona|?. This record ssa? made at nigbtwr
?our ship and the target under way in a r?tj|
| sea. Was transferred aboard the I'. S.
?Washington and ?err to Havana, Cub?,
June, 1912, to quell a d>>-turbanre ther?. Si
service in Vera Crea mm Apr
?1914, until the outbreak of hostihtie- in ?
'rope in July, 1914, ?TBen "?e ssera r?call*d
our home port (New York' to protect ?i
.?\.n shores. Was appointed a non eomm;
sioned officer my Aral '.ear in the *?rvic? |
received an excellent discharge.
I a?k you. kmd reader, aal la a perMB
?raj", but in behalf of my eSflBradflfl, am It:
are they not bette.- fitted to man ?
I'nele Sam's lighting machine thn
lege boys who are apparent!;. -
anxiOQA to sere a? office i
'hat you will, in your anplieation to itu?
and determination to win, make jr,)od docte
or lawyers or any of the sibei Stotso?t
for which you may be preparing, set hi '-'?
are ambitious of liera.. ' ,-?r in tl
army, navy or marine corpa, go te our acid
mies sad receive the proppr s.-iiooling; ?
.? ly to be an eleetrieal eagiaaei ha I
; - . heel. Tin- I v.:ll ne?
in time of arar more officers than we will Hi
eligible in our Bar I bib of peace, bt
1st us hop? that ?ie dcficiea
by ra n at least familiar with human natur.
ami 'siiere could you find a h""cr plac? I
Btady than in our ra: - sou m?<
every type of American manhood : '?V? et:
?not ail be generals in time of v.ar, ?o let?
? hear from those rho are arilliag to ?houldl
a rifle and learn front experience wnsi i
moans to be an officer. No wonder I'nel
Sam looks vvoriieai in Mr. I?.r.gV a---.
!Fort Lafayette, New York Harhoi v-. V, Kel
It, 191T.
Giving the Public What It Wants
To ? ie.
Sir: A eorrespoadenl eotaplalai thst a
heai-d "Onward, Christis ' ph"?"ei??
. ragiiae. Nothing nnuBUs Lasl - *
? a certain mos ie h>. . then tVS hund?*
yards Irom Tin.? ?re'i?"-"i
played the "Mar Spa' *" '<> ri*
time, svhile B ' '' ?**"
revardlag a woman for killing a Mexican ?U
thiwwa on the screen. tdoreosrer, the wot?**
?rn-n tin- flraiflt up, hl 'hing t??'
, would suffice to make an ordinaiy pw'*"'
handkerchief! And she ?rsfl lhel at their*
!of tha fake Presld? -;ient."*h**i
?the audience was Bttorl] ?'.. andb*?*
bii g .m aad doa i i '- kaea-laf tm
to ithsT? toward a fa) I mmattSf
tinea "Star-Spangled B *?"" *?
switched to one ef the B?sn* BOB I?
aret airs. lad ?he movie magnate, pro?*?
asrainst censorship! .
I have heard "Load, Kiadl? l??I-? '*
"Hail, Hail, the Gaag*l 111 H?rc" s*. the ***?
movie organ at about ? po.
?orne day. ?hen a:' ""'r "I^J
the Lagislatan Ie m * *
of art, taste and l
magnates, who are "losing i< "? ""??? .***|J
, vear ?rising 'be p ' :' ?tut> * .
wake up to th- fa.-t 'hat the ordinary ???
| fan wants to see good pictures and hr.r I""**?
music. ,(,.
If William Sha!?' i ' Hsmlet t? ?
- - would gel ? rtiteutsam
They would hase too I '*r'
! hand to cor
New York. T.b. 19, 1017.
Men Ai Shopperi
To the Kditor of The Tribune.
Sir: There i? . ust one Vnd of *******
ss h ich man I. a valuable porflOfl to ^^
or for which, by Bis Ion?
?the maximum of aanfllderatioa aad atfls-j
sad aa a judg* af ?rhleh he ,i apaa?
i It i? ?hopping for evoked to?.,! and th* ?
attendant. . . reo*
If von don't bebe.e me fO 11 "? * ? ' ^^
or restaurant with a man and h?""?''? w.?
M4j ,h,.n try the am? pU'e ? ^/u ,r,
(?der th? ?rst condition, the wauerc.
re,, wUI he all ?mHing conwrn far faar ^
fort, and the bill? "?"'^^
demand; under the r*eond, lh- jTjV m
nine timei aut of t?n. ^ ''f ?J ^ *
ladiferenl and th. bill -n be ?
'sour attention before the ^.???L ,U>
? ,,or -rherefar? All the ??rid ?*?? ,j.
.?.?'. Pine string, leeee. ?P^???55
Icallv ?f'*>r eomnnl'ing him?elt 10 v (k,
LBUH?f a public dining 1*00?. ?J^
eondltiaa. Erea rieh ^"?V*
bill of fare in search of ihr mosl ??
Humans serving other? f.^^1
,oou Ix's.mie prohc -"' i" .??>*:n"
adapt themselv.s ?. ?oi ??M\*i_ .-.., r/,Ci
| Lpp.r Moatclair, N. J-. *???* 10* lW" J

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