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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 23, 1917, Image 1

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.?creasing cloudiness, followed by
or snow to-night or to
east to
Fresh to strong
northeast winds.
I Ull Kf per? on r?_f 1"
V__^ First to Lt
Over 100,000 Daily
Net Paid. Non-Returnable
First to Last?the Truth: News ? Editorials ? Advertisements
IAWI No. 25,66
l..|.sri?l.t Ifli: ?
Tlir Triliune Aaa'a.1
* * *
,..*,? ii*i?,v^r ln ***w Tor'1 *?*'? ?*w*^B*
Jerster t?ty and Ho.Vr.kt_
Plans Rigid
Food Rule
For State
Whitman Wants Dictatorship
and Power to Seize Good?
in Emergency
Rioting Continues Here
And in Philadelphia
Wwnen to Keep Children
hom School? if Prices
Are Not Reduced
Goternor Whitman is planning; to
niift the shortage of provisions in
fan York si d other cities l?y e?tab
luhing a food dictatorship.
The Wicks hill providing for the
nsti'u'.i of municipal markets II
to be rcv?ir?-*idered in the Assembly.
If it pai???;. 'he state will practically
f_ the prices of food sold within all
it.? lanre ?onimunities.
Scstteml rioting continued ye?
???rday in must of the city'?? con
ftsvtd ? 'ruts. .Jewish women,
?hopping for the Sabbath, became
enrage?, at the prices and attacked
mAny dealer-. An informal loycott
ras dec?an ?i on all meats and fish,
ind many who attempted to pur?
r-as?, upon. A score of
?rreitf were ma<b\
T?>day the Mother*- Anti-High
Price L-oafTiie will appeal to the:
Board of hstimate for $1.000.000, to
feed Neu York City's poor. The or
ranizstio-i announced last night that
if the ???.i ?rere unsuccessful it
?wild urge that the children be kept
out of the schools until the present
?onorti!?- pr?sure i* relieved.
Plai,.** have been completed for the
parade ol mothers, winch will form
.n Madison Square Saturday noon,
uni nur ''h up Fifth Avenue, headed
ty a Wanner bearing the word
"Sunst ??'?" Many thousands of
vtjmexi will be m line.
The food situation throughout the
rest of tkr ?o'jntry ha? improved
lightly in the last twenty-four
h-'Urj, rxp?!'" il ?i:?-aU-.
\t Washii gton thi Interstate
?.omtarrci' Commission announced
?hst the car ?hortage problem was
?esring solution. Meyer London.
Social ? ntauve from New
York, introduced a hill asking for an
appropria* ron of $5.000,000 for the
estai?!.-- a National I-ood
The ' tt let tram" of fifty
??- ir left Minneapolis last
sight for V v . irk. (Jthers are to
Frjod rioi tinued yesterday in
Mliladt* ? i iwo f-ersons were
Food Dictatorship
Urged by Whitman
To Reduce Prices
Aik? (.o.ernor Whit?
?an piar i . dictator?*h.p for this
''>'? | ? und scanty sup
??7 should warrant Urarstic action. He
?pent , holiday preparing
*atrti' measures. The state
?*7 re? ?-. rymmandeerine food
?Spplies .. ? nre reput??! bring held
Ml tat
???ramme mapped out by
conference with offi
[lepartmer ? of '
""?hsr? -
tn. ? by tell phone to?
*t jei ' passage of
??11, de- '
*na*i to state power and
teens ? emerg? ricies.
I? t..
?tSa sr\<j-, ion of tkst m?*a?ure he
mat t -ahlf the statt? to ronr
*?**?*' or hrj-her ;
mi lap- ??,,,.
still s?nd ipedal Me-naage
: to the l.eg
;-. fj??-? a! n.?
.""I*1-* " ac'ion on 'ha ?
7?B'<1 situation. Senetoi
| that the
? B bill could
etc charge of
the ?tau-. The
'? Of | , ?viieping
or. 22 ut
real ng or
m-*?'' rente n searcity of
M* * ' ate, ?h?* commission
^y tek< obtain re
2t-?s i_" ' - irn uii
??m,. '
??j r '?' would he
nM****'' ' ippl ''* ;" ,J
Pfi ri*"' . a' reasonable
1^.** |.el tnsi:?
o^*'" Whitman has
?ku '* " f0*
' the ??ate romrnan
^ZV*t BSppl ,? |n thi, f?Rhion.
m.r,, 't*n* rorn'
"*?i?_t.''![! *:; '!*-'" h? ????* ??*night.
Vaifc V"'' ' "*' r'r", "ff><-'?ls "n New
et4 ? regarding the
- taiat *rn '* '* lfl*' "?*"?' aei
wee*"* th?** '?>? aUti ed m
e??ja J".**r*- *n"- ' '?Und to take wh?t
ttHmmV. " '"" f???opl?
***eoor ?t*r",,",h*'r P1"" 1 tl I
f?SM ? ,'' n mas be
Stsi... . NT-sf ?ha r.eaiee.1
?ir*M?Pn'7l ''/V',*> '*"?? th" <;*?"
*?? ^tnwr ?h ,n teleelieaie eon
sulUtion with lleorgc W. Perkins and
the city administration in New York
At e times to-ilay. Me expects to go to
Han \ ork tonierres* t.? ronfei with
Mayor Mitchel.
It is understood that the state au?
thorities will soon have at hand dr
taiU-d statistical information showing
ju-l where and h??w ir.ui.li farm prod?
uit? and other food supplie.? are on
hand^but not on the market.
Opposition K*.pet ted
Senator Wicks ?aid to-mgh* that he
knew there would Lo* vigorous opposi?
tion to his bill, hut that lie hail rc
ceived encouraging information about
it? pre apesta. The measure, he ?nil,
i would enable the state to get a! "the
w-iraxdry of trading in New York Citg
and other evils of the present s\-*r.
of food distribution."
Jeeeph M. Callahan, minority leader
I of the Assembly, announced that he
would introduce to-morrow ?j bill pro?
viding for a ref? rendais fifty-year ?'ate
bor?d issue of tthfiASJtOO for the ao-ui
construrtion and control of ter?
minal market? in the cities of the state,
with ainking fund provisions Mum
Mr I'allahnn as?Hiled 'lie
patronage features of the Wirk- bill
and declar-d that its initial appropria?
tion would be more than the |1j3OO,OO0
Women Raid Butchers
And Beat Customers
In Boycott Rioting
Rio'ing took on greater proportions
in New York yesterday. Thursday ia
the day on which .lewiah women pur?
chase their food for the Sabbath, and
the butcher shops, therefore, were
crowded. The demand for kosher killed ,
chickens was. as usual, large.
Newly killed chickens were priced a'
H cents a pound, and the women de?
cided to concentrate their efforts
against the butcher shops. A general
boycott against meats r,f all kind?, as
-.veil a? fish, was declared
In spite of the warnings of the i
Mothers' Anti-High Price League, the '
house-wives enforced their boycott with
assault, and many were arrested. The
telephor.es ?B thr offices of the league,
on the nintn floor of the Forward
Hu.ldiirg. bossed all day with requests
from husbands and children to con.e to
the KSeeS <?f '.vi-.es and mothers. Will?
iam Kiarlrn. .larch Panken. Max 1-evino
arid Morn? I.illquit offered their ser?
vices a< attorneys in behalf of the
The women who ventured out with
shopning bag; were confronted at al?
most every rtore and pushcart by
groups, who warned them not to buy.
In -cores of cases purchases were
trampled m the street. Butchers, fear
irrg ?hat their shops- might be raided,
asked for advice from the members of
? ? -ub-committee of the If el
I H;gh Prfa Leegue.
Rutrhers Are Warned
"We informed then ihat it would be
better not to kill too many chickens
and to comply with the requests of the
enraged women," -ai 1 Mr.?. Hannah
One woman was attacked at Riving
ton and Willett Streets because she had
purchased onion? and ch'cken. She
fo'-trht when her assailants attempted
to take her purchases Then the net
era knocked her down, ??aught her by
the hair and pulled her alon;? the side
wj-.lk. until a policeman approached
'? hereupon thev fled
Mrs. Relia Tierkel. of R4 Wille"
Street, bought a chicken in the butcher
shop at 86 Pitt Street. As she was leav?
ing she was set unon by a crowd ??'
women. A policeman rescued her. Mi .
Trerkel charged Mr?. Lena .lacobowitz,
of 294 Delancry Sticet, with assault
and the latter was arrested, but Mrs.
Tierkel. before Magistrate Nolan, re?
fused to press the complaint.
"I Widerstand thai she has s baby
that's only four months old." said Mr?.
Tierkel. "Please lot her go."
The mag' rsti ispended sent ?rice.
Mrs. Nellie Pickolr. of '107 Kp.s?
Ninety-fifth Street, was fined $2 by
'lag.-trate Simm? m Harlem court He
then issued a warning that all women
brought before him for destroying
foodstuffs or rioting would be sent to
the workhouse.
An old man who purchased a chicken
in a shop at M Pitt Street defended
h-rnself against a crowd of women who
attacked him bv using the fowl as |
? rapon. One of 'he women to be hit
on the head was Mrs. Hessie Moskowit.7,
of 172 Allen Street, wh?-. was held in'
? 1 rt?i? ha.I by Magistrate Nolan fei ? -
umination next Mondav
Nine Women ArreMed
Nine women were arrested in Riowns
ville for attacks upon customers and
upon vender? of fresh vegetables. After
the arrest? Captain Isaac Frank, of the
Liberty Avenue precinct, said:
"The women hav?> ?.akin this course
to try to reduce the cost of food, and
they are trying also to boycott tlios,*
articles which are abnormally high. My
men and I understand the situation and
Hvp bearing with them."
Magistrate Ilodd. in the New .1. ?
Avenue Court, held the women in $200
hail each for a hearing next Meads;
Stores Damaged,
Food Destroyed in
Philadelphia Riots
I'r.ilailelphia. Feb. 22. Shouting pro?
test?, against high foo?l price, thou
?ands of women in the southern part of
?hi? city, where the resident-* are large?
ly of foreign birth, to-day paraded in
unorganized fashion, upsetting fond
ayi and overturning pushcarts.
Store? were entered and damaged in
some jnatancc?.
A crow?! of won_ n rushed a li'h store
and upset a tank of live carp. Kerosene
was poured on other tish, and ihc store
fixtures were badly damage?!. The
forced ba'-k the crowd and ar
r<*?ted thre?- women.
Similar -k-m- air? reported in the
northea-'ern ,|,?tnrt of the city, also
ted large!?, by foreigner?. The
pushcart v? their wares and
many groceis an<! butcher? clessd their
-hop? In a downtown attack on ?ev
??al team? lesded with f'iod supplies a
boy wa- hit in tha face by a milk bottle
and severe!) n.jur"i
A committee ef Kensiegtes house- ;
wives at a Sleeting te Bight decided tor
i.ppea! lo Mayor Smith te intervene m
an effort to lower feed prices, w i, r?a
leader? ef tha downtown boycott ?aid i
that if tl ??i.-itio'i di?l not improve
they would request the aid of (i'ivernor
a?, they BSSeitada were higher
le ?lav than yesterday. Fish, for which ?
they restereei par?) 12 ami It cents a1
, pound, had i-d.anred ?o II ?teats; on?
ions had increased from It te 14 i
h poiind, beet? from 10 te 11 cents M,?l
-?hickeri? i?rir?-*i from 2o to 40 rents.
an ndvan? ? a pound.
Other News of the
Food Situation
on Page Five
50 Sinn Feiners
Seized in Ireland
Detainee*. Undrr Defence of
Realm Act on Return
from Internment
Dahlia, Feb. a.2. Several Sum Ke r.
? ho hail recently returned Irom
internment in Kngland ?ere arrested
to-day in Limerick, (?slway and Sh 1
bereen. as well as in Dublin, und'
defence Of the realm art
Altogether about fiftv membeis of
tue Sinn l-'ein anal the diiclic t.eagu?
have been detained, and arrests are
continu.ng. Thirty-five men were
taken into eustodj in Dublin alone. In
Galway to-night n protninent member
of the Oughterard District Council ami
a prominent Athenry merchant were
H i? believed here thr.- these erresi
barn th? Nationalist party.
London, Feb. 22 Amone the leader?; ?
of the Irish Volunteer?? an?! others ie
ported arrested in Dublin to-day are
Councillor S. T. Kelly. .1. J O'Kelly.
editor of "The Catholic Bulletin"; Dur
re I Figgis, a writer, and Captain I.?am .
Mello * -
Maine Women
Get Suffrage
Governor to Sign Bill for
Special Election on
September 10
Augii-ta. Me.. ! el. Woman suf
ira?:?- ?dreselas ie this ?t?te to-day
area ;i Bghl of Marly ion y years for
submission of tie luffrage ?luestmn to
popular vote. The Senate, acting in
concurrence with the House, passed
?iii.iiiimoiixlv a resolution providing for
-? igeeial electicn on September It to
?.et on the adept on ef s eenstltutienel
.ment grai Hug suffiagc to women.
Gevernoi Millihen aaaouaeed that he
would sign the measure to-morrow.
Main?- i th? iseead state in New .
Kngland to adopt a referendum on the
question. Massachusetts defeated the
pr?posai m ItH, and suffrage leader?
here aaaaaaeed to night their belief
the? thi? -.?oui?) be the Aral ?-qual stif
frage itats la the East
Officials of th? Maine Kqual Suffrage
I eaglll. which for ten year*, has be? -i
actively at work for the cause, and of
tl? S-iffrage Referendum l.eagu" of
Ma'ne -tatet) that their forces wir?
well organized and that a vigorous
campaign would be carried on to ob?
tain the approval of the voter?. Oppo?
sition to the adoption of the amend?
ment will br led b>' the Munir Anti
Suffrag?' Association.
The fir t pn-itiv?' mo\e for equal
??uffrage va- made in the Legislature in
ISsl. anal ths ouestion ha? been up at
nearly every saaaraa rin<-<- ihat lime.
I m. \ears ago th/ resolution pa-*.??l
. .late aid cam?" within eight -.otes'
pf eiiai tin? ol m the il.'iirt
lediaaapalis. Fob, *?"-. The woman'?
?uffrage bill passed in th?' low.-r
branch of the Indian? l.egislal lire i...
day. D previously had hern pass. ,I b)
the Senate, and now go??? to Governor
ifOOdrleh The bill gives women the
right to vole for Preaideetlal elector?
and prartirally all state officer? except
Governor and Secretary of State.
One Parliament to Rule
Entire British Empire
Conference in London Neu
Week Is Expected to Revc
lutionize Government an
Weld Dominions Into
Vast Union
- a ,-ra i
?V;,?hington. Feb. 22. A general r,
organization ??<? the governmental sy?
'em of th?* British. Empire, aiming ?
greater centralization of contre
through an imperial Parliament repr?
aentiag all the colonies and dominion:
and through consolidation of province;
will be taken up at the imperial con
i.rence in London ne\t week, it wa
?aid in diplomatic quarter? to-day.
Some of the questions to be di?
cussed are:
1. An imperial Parliament, to he com
posed ef representatives from th
! ni ted Kingdom, from the ^elf-govern
mg dominions and from Indi?.
2. A plan, probably to be develope
through the Parliament, for joint con
?ro! by the United Kingdom, the do
minions and India of the empire's for
eign policies an?) of all purely imperia
Will Rnlarge Australia
?.. Consolidation of certain outlyin*
Brit i .?h possessions, such as Austrnlii
and New Zealand, of Canada and New
?1. Annexation ef Herman Wesl
AiricS by the l mon of South Afnci
and of (ierman New liuinea and othei
naeler Germen possessieei by Aus?
.'?. A largei degree of ?elf-govern?
ment by India.
6, Participation I?-, the dominions
and India in the peace conference.
All dominion premiers and Che Indian
government have been invited to par
ttcipste in the London conference,
which will run into March. David
Lloyd (ieorge, the British Premier, will
pre?ide, ?n?i other members of the Brit?
ish Cabinet will take part
The original purposes of the confer?
ence as announced were to conaider
argent nestlena connected with the
prosecution of the war, the possible
cenditiena es arhieb, In agreement with
its allies. Knglan?! could ronaent to
peace, an?l the problems arising out of
the conclusion ??!' peace.
Dominions Demand More Power
The dominions, it is understood, de
man?! a larger share in the detcrmina
- ,, ? of the foreign policies of the em?
pire and in the consideration and de?
cision of all great questions of state
whirh ?ffe?-' the empire.
In matters that do not concern the
empile as a whole, the dominions de?
mand completo self government. Aus?
tralia practically has this now to a
largi-r extent than any other colony in
th?* history of ?he world.
In the proposed imperial parliament
the United Kingdom and the dominions
would have equal representation if tha
dominions' wishes should be heeded.
India w-ouM he given representation,
but not proportionate to h-r popula?
tion. It is held to be impossible, in
the \ iew b'.th of Knglish an?) of do?
minion statesmen, for all the constitu?
ent parts of the empire to he given
proportion?! representation
Both wealth and population would
be determining factor? among the
Knglish speaking dominion? and of
South Africa, but in the in?t?nce of
India, both her wealth and population
would give her ? predominant voir, in
the imp'-ri?! council i if >he were ad-1
mitted to them mi the same baj?a aa
th ? United Kingdom and of the do
mi .ion?.
(.reefer Liberty for India
OaS of the most difficult problem? to
be confronted by the imperial confer?
ence in London is the proposal to grant
India a large degree of ?elf-govern?
ment. India ?till is a purely militarv
empire. composed entirely of alien
rare?, with the merest smattering of
Knglish-speaking people among them
II is not proposed to permit either
India as a whole or any of the prin?
cipalities in India to control their mili?
tary policies or to conduct any foreign
affairs, but as a special recognition of
the services India has rendered to the
empire during the present war, through
contributions both of wealth and sol
dier?, it i? the purpose of Great Britain
to bestow upon her new benefits, in?
cluding a pronounced enlargement of
India's political rights.
Yarrowdale Men
Released, Berlin
Again Announces
Freed on Official News That
German Ships and Crews Are
Safe in United States
Pans, Feb. 22. The (ienev.? corre?
spondent of the Havas Agency ?ends
the following ?lispatch receive! there
from the Wolff Bureau in Berlin:
"It is learned that the ere?? of the
merchant ?hips brought to Germany
aboard the British steamer Yarrowdale
ha*e been released, though it is held,
by reason of the present circumstances,
that the American sailors might have
been treated as prisoners of war. It
was decided some time agi to release
them as an exceptional mea?ur?. th.-y
having begun their voyages without
knowing that they exposed themselves
to treatment as prtsoner? because they
shipped aboard . rmed enemy merchant?
"After the rupture of relations with
the United States news reached Gor*
many that German ship? had been
seized and their crew? lateraed. That
new? gave rise to the idea that it might
be prudent not to liberate the Ameri?
can ?ailor.? until official information
was received as to the real situation.
"Information ha? now been received
officially that Herman ships in Ameri?
can ports have not been seized ami that
their crew? have not been interned."
Il'ionri Tl,? Tt*U?.i- llirfau]
Washington. Feb. H. Unofficial re?
ports to-day that the Yarrowdale pris?
oner? nsd been released awakened no
interest among official?. This is the
third press dispatch to that effect that
has come out of Berlin, and each time
the facts have proved otherwise.
Until the State Department is od
viaed officially by the .-ipanish Amba.?
lador at Madrid that the seventy-two
American? have not only been "re?
leased.'' but conducted to the frontier,
th? incident v. ill not be closed.
The sharp demand that went forward
Monday ha? bet been answered It is
expected that Berlin's reply will arrive
to-morrow, and that it will be entirely
favorable. The American demand was
couched in language ?uch as to make it
plain to Germany that any hesitation
would be regarded a? unfriendly.
M.nnniA am. BAtrr a ur.or ro.tnT
Points root h??i via Ailanii. <.???? i.m?. ?
A.I J*i??i rrale? Dally. Offlc?-. lili B'way. |
Wilson to Arm U. S. Ships;
Navy May Defy U-Boats;
Gerard Will Brave Peril
Ambassador Warns Th
Boats May Attack \
Ship if War Comes
S-eeks Safe Conduct
But Will Go Any*
Charges Pflug Is Get
Agent Trying to Gi
Into Lansing's Office
I ' t tollo viny artielt it tht '?
a Series \sy (or! If. Ackermor)
jmhUehed m The Tribune, i
Stnfl he bus von- ?nined. Wat
tuo nuns i r hat bren ;?? S
?/?/??-???- the tseneerohip has prev
his publishing much mfarmetitt
le obtained. H<- it returning
Awtbaaaador Gerard, and hit
full und iiirusinril r, ports on
ditient in Germany will nppei
thtet rol inn ns.
B) < \ki. w. \< ki.rm \n
-?i" * Th? Tribun??
. - Ata.Ttat
Madrid, Feh. 22. The momer
arrived in Ma?iri?l to-day fo
Ambassador Jam-?-* \V. (ierard
to the American Embassy an?i
the Wa-h ngton dispatches to 1
whether Germany liad guaran
hi**, safe pas-iai??* from Corunn
New York.
While he was in Pans .Mr. (Je
cabled to the State I'epartmen
Washington to inquire thn
Spain whether the cnihassy j
ports were valid only for lea'
German* "r for crossing the
Although Mr. ?ierard has no
of the consequences if a Gen
submarine stops the steamer
fanta Isabel, on which he is to
?*e desire1- that Germany go on
ord that the passports of diplon
are valid even in submarine warf
so as to avoid dispute which mi
arise in case the Infanta Isi
should lie submitted to search.
Warn? Other Americana
Other Americans in the fon
Ambassador's party have inqui
unofficially regard in g- their ?tat
A tew of them ha\e even asked '.
(ierard to request the American g
ernment for a destroyer to escort
Infanta Isabel in case hostilities
fween th?* United States and G
man] -h'?ui'l break out during I
Voyage, bat he ha** made no offic
i?ecommendntion to this effect.
Becauat of the possible dang?
from German submarines, especia
if war is declared. Mr. (ierard
urging all other Americans in I
party not to embark on his sh
which might be made a special t?
Kit for attack. For this reason
number of Americans who accoi
panied thi former Ambassador
Switzerland have already sailed
will sail earlier than his suite.
Kn route from Paris Mr. Gerard <i
cussed informally the German press r
potts refa r?li pg 'in* employment
British citizen? a; the American ?,i
bassy is Berti?. He stated that the
individuals ?rare engaged with the co
. ..?' tt/iltMtastrasse. He mention?
???.penally that the German authoritu
had ?approved an Englishman nami
Hoile. who worked in the code roo
of the embassy.
Mr. (rerard declared tnat he wa? coi
vinced the English employee were hoi
orable For purposes ?if contrast h
mentioned the case of Oscar Pflug, th
luspetted German air*"nt who'was ai
restsei arhile entering Prases with ts
embassadorial party.
Mr. Gerard reported tu Washingto
that I'flug was undoubtedly being; sen
b*. tha Oersaee government to attemp
to a.'?-t employment in Secretary I.an
?ing'a office.
It i? the belief ef some American
in Berlil that the German agi~tioi
? rning Mr. (ierard'? employment o
Britiah subjects may be to justify ai
examination of the American EphSSSf
ns Mackenscn's troops did to Minintei
Vepicha'a legation in Bucharest, break
ing in and currying: away officiai Amer
lean document?.
Mr. (leranl ?s not in the least dis*
turbed by this peaaihilitT, because, be?
fore departing from Berlin, he person*
ally burned every telegram, letter oi
other document ?en* or received there
since the war began.
Th-* or.ly document tha? Mr. (?erard
hrought away *?*-? it!i him was the joker
treaty which rhe l.erman government
attempted to get nun to sign. This ha
carries ?sitii !?,in -.?. iwi ??. er he goes.
Among those accompanying Mr. G??
rai , in an ??fficlal rapacity i., ?Tom
nu mer Gherardi. former naval at
at Herlin, who i? returning tt>
v r.vhington te report to the General
I'.'i.rd of the navy his observations eon
cerning submarines From his conver
kStlene one may judge that it is hit
?,p?nion that Germans can make it SS*
i -. rerrely uncomfortable for the F.ntente
w.t'n her submarines for a while, but
i that it Is ?erj doubtful if the ruthle?
I uni!trsea campaign can end the war
?uccerjjfjlly for Germany.
11" r?gula* ni . the teuton nth
martas Mssssssga from Vebruur.
ta ?in'r nr, at follow*
.Ambon. Dutch . 3.598
Corso, British . 3,242
Sigrid, Russian . 2,194
Alice, Norwegian. 709
John Miles. British . 687
Perseus, British. 155
Teowyn, British. I 32
One trawler. British. 150
Total . 10.867
^Number of ships, I 54, tonnage.
*' Orreeted in nrrnrdnare with ni -
Ife?aal $fueet pi?te by Sir Kdvrord
Number of ships. 162; tonnage,
357.105; British. 89; other Allied.
14; American, 2: other neutrals,
40; unknown nationality. 17.
U. S. Relief Ships
Going to Beirut
Despite U-Boats
Refugee? To Be Rescued
Whether Turkey Gives
Safe Conduct or Not
Pram Th? Trthun? R.?*??
Washington. Feb. 22. If Turkey
! proves unable or unwilling to obtain
from Germany and Austria the safe
I conducts asked for hy the United States
? for its warship? to go to Beirut to
: bring away the one thousand Aineri
; can refugees there, it is practically
1 certain that th? ships will go without
i them. The trip would take them through
I the submarine "one and through a part
) of it where Au?trian submarines have
been active.
If they malee ?uch a trip, fhey will
go with the eyes of the world focussed
on them, since ?ny attempt against
them by submarines would be an act of
; war. The request made to Turkey,
therefore, >s more than a move ?o avoid
present trouble it is notice to the Cen?
tral Poncera that the ships are going
through the zone, so that there can he;
no plea that they were mistaken for^
-hips o" the Fntente.
Owing to the extreme difficulty of
communication with Constantinople.
Turkey's answer may not come before
next we??k.
The rescue of the Americans is re?
garded as of first importance, as Beirut
is fast becoming a war centre. The
Turkish government until recently has
, put so many restrictions on the move
; ment of foreoigners in that locality
' that many of them had been unable to
leave at all. Now, however, all have
permission to leave, and the State De?
partment is anxious to get ?hem away
as speedily as possible.
The Administration feels justified in
the apparent excess of caution it has
?hown. Although there la no denial
of the right of American warships to
pass through the German and Austrian
submarine rones, officials believe that
so long as the I'nited States is neutral
it should give ample warning of its in?
tentions in that line, and should, when
possible, obtain satisfactory assurances
of safe passage.
In view of the illegal declarations
by Austria and Germany, however, it
was decided not 'o ask those govern?
ments directly. In this course, it is I
believed, humiliation has been avoided
and at the same time the purpose of
the I'nited State? not to provoke -rou- !
ble is made clear.
Bremen Went Down
On First Voyage ;
Berlin Has Facts
? openhagen. Feb. 11. While Scandi?
navian newspapers are printing a re?
port that the German submarine
Bremen has not been lost, but is being
used a? a supply ship in Germany''
blockade, information which has been
? ir possession of The Associated Pesas
in Berlin for month? is that ihe sub?
marine actually areat down on Bel
voyage to the I m'ed State?.
The .?ubmanr.e \*a< not captured by
a British patrol boat, a? was rumored
in the United Stat'"?. but vent down
in the gieat storm ? ? which aere pre
ealliag in the North Atlantic, accord
.ng to this information.
The date ard the circumstances of
, 'he departure of the submarine for the
\ United Sutes were well known in Ber
I lin at the time, and tbers ?as ill con
i cealed anxiety on the part af ths eva?
i ers of the underwater merriiantiran for
news of her arrival as the craft became
i increasingly overdue at New London,
! Conr. Wiir-ii h published report, of the
' arrival ef the ?remen in Long Island
Hound prove,i ? ?> ?out foundation Philip
Heinek/n. director of the company own
1 ing the Bremen, told The Associated
' Press that he regarded her as lost and
, ?aid the craft probably foundere?! in
, the prevailing gales.
It is higtly possible, however, that
, cargo submarines may be coopa?rating
! in the submarine blockade and that the
I Deutschland and six sister ships which
were building are being adapted to this
Franklin Appeals to Daniels
for Guns, but Gets No
President Expected
To Act in Few Days
Strives to Avert Break with
Austria?Has Little Hope
of Success
Washington, Feb. '?'?.? While
Washington waits for the President
t?i go before Congrees and ask for
blanket authority to use the military
power of the United State? in ?ie?.
fence of American life? and right?
upon the sea, the two subject? of
most eager discussion, no*w consif??
ered the most important prtliml?
raries to the announcement of the
President's future poll<*y, are:
1. The threatened break of dipta?
matic relations with Austria-Hun??
! iary.
2. The question of arming Ameri?
can ships to traverse the forbidden
r.one in safety.
A decision to arm American pas.
i senger ship? with government goat
I is expected to be announced by
! President Wilson in a few day?,
! President Franklin of tha Interna?
| tional Mercantile Marine, owners of
the American Line, saw .Secretary
1 Daniels to-day. but was unable tat
' obtain any advance informatioj**,
l.ansing l rar-? Armtnf
Secretary of State Lansing It ??ana
| vineed that it !? the duty of the go?***
ernment to arm the vessels of the
American Line new tied up la N?w
t York. He has so rceomraeaaisS ta the
< Pr?sidant, hut Mr. Wilson hat delay??*.
Mr. Daniel? told Mr. Franklin the
matter w?j ?till before Mr. Wilaon fo#
. decision, but ?aid he expected an an?
nouncement soon. The underatanding
1 i? tha* Mr. Wilson wil, make thia when
| he goe? to Congress for more author?
There il no .ntention to commandeer
the American Line ship?. SeereUrf
Danie!? to-day branded as ridiculous
reports that this would be done,
though he ?aid thr (rovernment. of
course, had its plan? ready for taking
over the vessels as auxiliary cruisers
in csse of need.
keeping Plan? Seere*
When Mr. Wilson will go before Con?
irres? continues to be a matter of ?pee?
i lation. Hjs course, however, may be
ndicated generally sfter conversations
v.'thj his adviser? and intimates.
*.*med neutrality is a phrase much ia
th?? minds of official?. Great ?ecreey at
te specific measures will be neees??****",
:' is declared, becaus? definiteness ia
stating them might be of great military
"???lue to Germany.
The speech to Congres?, which may
come to-morrow or Saturday, will have
ic.ich the ton? which characterised Mn
Wilson's famous address in which ba
advocated the repeal of the Panama
Canal tolls act.
'M ask this of you in support of the
fsreigl no'icy of the Administration,*
he said then. "I shall not know how
to deal with other matters of ?ven
greater delicacy and nearer cons?
Hilf nee if you do not grant it to m? is
I ng'udging measure."
Maintenance of relation? with Vienna
has been the dg&ire of the l.'nitSfd
States, as much as it has b?j?n th?
desire of Austria, it wa? learned to?
day. The active measures to maintain
relations, however, were initiated at
Vienna, or possibly Berlia.
Fear E(fe?rt <m Hungary
The reason for thi? no on? here cer?
tainly know? Close students of Euro?
pean polit.es. however, ?ay that a break
wi.h the United States would hsv? g
tr<?mer?!ougly bad effect on th? people
of th? Dual Empire, especially in Hun
gary. Ever ?in?e 1848 there ha? been
real affection for the I'nited State?
among the .ommon people of Hunger*.
I h<* *u?trin go* err.ment, none too
stiong after a war ?uth as thi?. he?
tates to give these people such a blow.
But vahatever the hopes on either
ay have been, they seem destined
-.-a be olasted. for thi? government has
practically given up hope of obtaining
from Austria a declaration receding
fiom the submarine frightfulne??.
I-Hoats May Cross Atlaatlc
(ifficers .n the .\'avy Department ar?
considering the imm?diat? possibility
ot the appearance of submarine? off th?
coast of the United .Stat*?. The visit o*
? -,, i .',;! has not been forgotten. It al
'? ? . ? h*- ?Ji-en believed here that this
) Newport harbor for
ths t.urpose of impressing the I'nited
States. If submarines do sppear off the
coa?t that "?uultl now be regarded as a
distinctly unfriendly act.
There vera I l?ns in both house? of
ongres?. to.lay and among leading men
f both parties that a call for an extra
ie?s?on immediately after Mareh 4 w|ll
he pressed on the President. There i?
feeling growing rapidly that in thf???
bly th? greatest, cniia in th* ne?

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