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Partly ?fc>ad->T *nd coMer to"day To-mortow lair. Strong erevt manas. s-TTiiniahing. l-ull Ket-trt on Paft t e^tXV^OXoi \fmW^ First to Li ?ribtmi CIRCULATION Over 100,000 Daily Net Paid, Non-Returnable First to Last?the Truth: News ? Editorials ? Advertisements Vol. IA XVI No. 25,6*88 If'op?rl?-|.a 1817? The Tribune Aaa'n.) SATURDAY, FEBRl AKY _1, L917 * * a . ?_.?-? aOl^V-T* i? *?*-"?? ?'?"?* <i*r. **?????'??'? ().\h l l?> I Jeraey CHy and HoboWe? Bill Calls For Army of 3,296,023 General Staff's Measure for Universal Training Goes to Congreaa All Youths of 19 To Get Year's Drill Budget of $472,258,746 Will Be Required, War College Figures Washington, Feb. _3.-~-The War Def?artnient made public to-day a aynopsis of the ?\rmy General Staff universal service and training plan which was also sent to Congress with estimates of cost and a de? tailed outline for a bill to carty it into effect. The main essentials of the plan are: One year of military training for all boys, beginning in their nineteenth year, except those ex? empted for specified reasons. Exemption to be extended to those physically or mentally unfijt and those who are the sole sup? port of otherwise destitute de? pendents. Training to consist of eleven months during the first year and two weeks during the second and third years of a reservist's lia? bility. Wnr service to be required of all who have been trained in the tirr-t and second reserve, the first rese?e duty to extend over a pe? riod of four years and one month sfter training and s?acond reserve duty for seven years. At. the con^ elusion of service in the organized reserve the men would remain lia? ble for duty until they reach the ttge of forty-five. Estimate of the t oat Is estimating the cost of main ?enance of the proposed army, the W?r College figured that an annual military budget of *?4T_,_58.746 would l>e required to keep the pro * posed force at a strength of 3,296, (?23 men, including the regulars. The total represents an annual cost per man of $143.2?, and includes the cost of training of the 475,000 recruits, although it does not enumerate them as available soldiers. In comparison to this, the staff say-?, th? eventunl military budget under the present rational defence act will be $539jS48,0(K) to maintain a partially trained force of 826,673 National Guardsmen in addition to the regular army, or a total of 1,187,904 men, at a per espita cost of $2<' Other table, show the ultimate cost ?f the pr??po?ed universal system as compared to the national defence act plan. The _rst cost of the regular and National Guard establishment contem? plated by the defence act, with full re ?erve supplies and necessary construc? tion of a permanent nature, such as armories and the like, is given as $1, ?CjRMta. Ia comparison to this, similar figures 'or the staff universal plan are: For permanent construction, $2.138,031,:?7:J; tantonment construction, $1,708,816,1*07. Thi? would provide, however, for 3. *t*,f)2','j men, who had had a year's training, and pay also for the instruc *.en and maintenance of 47&,(MK) boys 'a training. Secretan. BarVt-r's ?letter Secretary Baker's letter to Senator (-Umberlain transmitting the bill dis ?Ppointasd those who hoped he would aedare unequivocally in favor of a uni? sonal training system. But the Sec? retary intimated that both he and the "resident were giving it favorable con '?deration, and that while no action *aa expertea or aeked at the present ?***?ion of Congress, they would take ?**Mr eve from public opinion when we next Congress convened. la his letter the Secretary says: laia plan is regarded by the mili ?u? SZEtrU of the Gcnen> *st*ff ??-? *sal. They recognize, however, that 't Involves n?,t only a radical depert tSt tretn the military traditions of ?**s eonntry, but that it present? a vaet ?*??-me of ?rganiration far larger both ? eost snd r?eoltc than anything yet ?*rio*i?ly considered by the people of _* I'nltod SUtes. The General SUIT ?elieve? the plan, homerrer, to hav? this aent: "That it can be uaed in p?rt for the warning of a less number of men and ?t a less cos?, in proportion, so that ????id tke opinion of the country, ?ben thorotjaj-nlv informed, come to ????r th* principles opon which this ??saur* i? based, its application could ? a? rapid or ?a gradual ?a th? Con ttess may ?determine wise under the ???eumstanc*?. ,_!Tlu b:ll here transmitted looks to ae annual training of about ?WO.OOO ?**?. arho, wl.en trained, pass into the 'r****', aatil ultimately there will be ???UsbU an aggregate force in the ae* "?t and reserve fore? of the country * **?et 'A,teOo.OM me?. >laV !:*B"n,tue ?e*ire such modlftca *?? ?? any of the ??tails " ?Wf-at ?f (eemeral HUM Pia? ,J,,?'?f_?,?? ?a th? digest ?f th? Gen ^***M national army plan, prepared ''-'AhaWarC?.la**d-r.e,c*n: I P1JEPOSK A r?as<?eW? meassre el Set. n -BASIC PRINHPUS? s.m??S" '? ***1***S u> offset ?aiver ??1 l???lrlt7 te tra?ais?, la am?te e?d te NEAR-SIGHTED OLD LADY TO UNCLE SAMUEL: "QUIT YOUR CROWDIN'! DON'T YOU SEE WHAT YOU'RE DOING?" ?servie? in war, decentralization of ministration in peace and war an : talization of organization. Ill TRAINING AND SERVICl 1. Training in Peace. To effect i versality of training in peace and ( cient service in war it is propose, call out all able-bodied male citi in their nineteenth year for el? I months' continuous training, to be I lowed by two repetition courses of ! weeks each, one in their ttvent j year and one in their twenty-first y It i.? proposed that only the follov classes should be exempted from I training: 'hi Those permanently physicall?. mentally unfit for service of any k Such men will be permanently rejec [O) Those temporarily physical!) mentally unfit. (e) Those who are the sole suppi of destitute dependents. 2. Service In War. All non-exemr i physically and mentally f?t male c zens who have completed their ? ?scribed eleven months' continu training are liable for service in - reserves as follows: ?a! In the first reserves for f? ' years and one month. (b) In the second reserves for se? ?.ear?*-. (el Thereafter until they reach I age of forty-five years in the unorg j ized reserves. IV PERMANENT PERSONNEL 1. Oversea Garrisons, Frontier For? and Training Forces. Under this pi the .?oldiers of the United States i ; to be the young men of the Repub who, after temporary military serv I for purposes of training, will be d< nitely organized into a localized i tiooal army. Permanent soldiers a to be employed only for those dut: which cannot be performed by citiz soldiers, and the permanent personr : is therefore reduced to a minimi consistent with efficiency. Permanent personnel will be requir , for the following purposes: ?i To form the necessary garriso ? of our naval bases and other overs | possessions. (bi To form a small detachment f frontier (ruard dutv and for the d fence of our fortifications at home. (c) To form the administrative ai teaching personnel. 2. Increase in Permanent Personn? [ In order to provide the permane ' personnel necessary for these pu : poses, considerable expansion of oi , present military establishment will 1 necessary, especially in the number ? officers and non-commissioned officer In order to utilize existing militai resources to the fullest extent, it proposed to recruit the present estai iishaaeat, BO far as practicable, by r ceiving qualified officers and non-con missioned officers of the Nation: Guard, organized militia and suitab enlisted men of the regular army. ! ?In like manner it is proposed to n vite graduates of military' schools an colleges, and all other citizens of foi mcr military training and experienc V. CREATION QP RESERVES The problem of preparedness is n< met by merely providing a large nun ber of trained individuals. Trained so diers must be formed into d?finit : tactical organizations before they ca , be- employed in war, and in order t meet modern conditions these unit ?Hie? be trained. organized an equipped in time of peace. 1. The First Reserve. In order t meet these conditions the trained re earrifta in their first four years an <ne month of reserve service will forr the pereonnel of the First Reserve. Th First Reserve is to be a definitely or I gonized and localized national army complete in every unit? 2. The Sr-roi-d Reeerve. After fou ? years and one month service in th? First Rese?e the reservist will pasi into the Second Reserve. The Seconi , Reserve will be a localized nationa ' army, organized like the First Reserve bot as it will not be required for im mediate mobilization it need not be ?< fully equipped, ard it will not be calle?; out for annual manoeuvre?. S. Reserve Officers. When the ??> i? tern first goes into operation all citizen.? who have had military training in thi National Guard or from any other ; source and who do not elect service in the permanent establishment will be in? vited to qualify for appointment as re? serve officers. VI. STATE MILITIA Th? plan contemplates a strtcily Frd I eral army for national defence, hut ' aome provision must be made for the ' atates until they will have organized forces of constabulary or some other power to prevent domestic disorder. Por this reason it is proposed to con? tinue to the state? for a period of five years the financial support provided by the so-called Dick bill as amended prior to the passage of the national de? fence act ot June 3, 191?. It is?, proposed to continue such sup port indefinitely to the Hawaiian mi? litia snd to thst of Porto Blco. Pacifist Meeting Ends in Disorder, "Nothing Is Done" Kirchwey Asserts "We've Degenerated Into a Mass Meeting" Two hundred pacifist?* from all sec? tions of ?.he country, who have been in session at the Hotel Biltmore since Thursday to aeree on an anti-war pro? gramme which all peace organizations could support, adjourned in disorder last night without having accomplished their purpose, or. in the opinion of Dr. George W. Kirchwey, chairman, "anything else of any consequence." A resolution favoring submission of the question of a declaration of war to popular vote was rescued from the avalanche of motions, counter motions and amendments which beset the con? ference, and was finally passed by the dele-fates a? individuals. The action, it was pointed out, will not bind the twenty-eight organizations represented by the delegates, nor will it have the official support of any of them. "We have degenerated into a mass meeting: there is nothing but chaos," exclaimed Dr. Kirchwey when the wrangle of protesting pacitists was at its height. "Since we can't have order, let us have chaos for a while." The introduction b?- Dr. Arthur D. Call of another resolution in which the conference was asked to pledge sol? emnly its appreciation of the integrity and patriotic devotion of President Wilson was the signal for more dis? order. "I object1" shouted Joseph ?. Can? non, of th<? League Against Militarism. "We don't appreciate those things at all. I move that we pledge our sup? port to President Wilson in so far as he conscientiously struggles against war." In confusion the amendment was put to the vote and was carried, its oppo? nents orotesting against the count. Resolutions providing for the dispatch to Washington of a delegation of paci? fists which should bring the resolution to the President's attention; resolu? tions calling upon Congress to settle international difficulties by conciliatory measures only, and resolutions provid? ing for publicity measures also were carried after considerable discussion ?nd acrimonious debate. The sudden disappearance from view of a committee on findings which the delegates had appointed to consider resolutions before they should be put to the conference occasioned consider? able questioning and amusement. After many proposals had been referred to this body without result or report, a delegate was moved to ask Chairman Kirchwey where the committee could be found and how* it could be made to report. "In the words of Cicero, pronounced on a similar occasion, you may search me,'' the chairman replied, in perplex? ity. Miss Emily Balch, instructor of Eng? lish at Wellesley College, .?.aid the com? mittee, of which she was a member, was in a "state of innocuous desuetude." In the confusion Dr. Anna Garlin Spencer, professor of sociology in Alleghany College, Mesdville, Prnn., arose. Chicago's Promising Signs Samuel Hopkins Adams found Chicago full of promising signs. Some of them promised $25 clothes for $15 or $425 pianos for $89. But many were genuine indications of better ad? vertising days to come?a lively Advertising Bureau and a wholesome newspaper attitude, for instance. To-morrow he describes the signs and reads their meaning. You will find the record an absorbing one, whether you live in New York, Chicago or one of the other cities which Mr. Adams will visit soon. Zht ?unftnt< -Tribune Fittt to Latt the Truth: New?- Editorial??Advartitement? Memlaer <?! id? Au.Ill Bureau ?af ?In ul.itlons Will Force Extra Session To Hold Wilson in Check Congress Will light Un? limited Powers for Presi? dent in U-Boat Crisis U> STEVENSON H. EVANS Washington, Feb. St. When Presi >t dent Wilson asks Congress for author ? ity to use the military force of the I United State? for the protection of ' American lives and rights the request will be couched in pacific and concilia? tory language. If this request is limited to some* I thing specific, such as the arming of ? American merchantmen or the convoy . ing of our ?hips through the forbidden 1 zones, it will be granted freely. If the President asks for blanket authority to I use the land and naval forces as he ; deems proper there will be a fight : against him, and the chief objectors ; will be in his own party. It is a request for limiter! authority I that Congress expects, coupled with a statement of the situation from the i point of view of the State Department, a report in general terms on the pre? paredness of the War and Navy depart? ments and a brief history of ?-vents since the announcement of the break with Germany. The President met lus Cabinet this i afternoon in a prolonged session. It was Said by several member" of the Cabinet after the meeting that the international situation v.iis elacuased in all its phases, but that the discus | sion came to no conclusion. Secretary I.ansing said after the meeting that he intended to spend the i week end and Monday at White Sul j phur Springs. W. Vn. Hut it does not I necessarily follow, it is said, that his I absence means there will be no devel ? opments or announcement of the Pre?; i dent's policy. Besides the virtual admission at th? i State Department that there is little ! hope of avoiding n diplomatic break with Austria, there are several evi ? dences that Count Tarnow von Tar nowski, the Ambassador Designate, ex i pects soon to follow von Hernstorff. ! So arrangements have been mado for Count Tarnowski to have any part or i even to witness the inaugural ceremo I nies. Preparations are being made to ? ask the Entente governments for a safe ! conduct for the Austrian Ambassador | and tho Austrian consuls in this coun ! try. Baron Zwiedtnek. the Austrian Charg? d'Affaires, called at the State Depart? ment to-day and was told that onlv a withdrawal of the declaration of sub? marine frightfulness could maintain friendly relations. It was made known to-day that the 1 delay in the settlement of our future ' relations with Austria was responsible j to a large degree for the delay in de? ciding to arm American ships with naval guns. The question of arming American l merchantmen will bo quickly answered. I There are signs that the Navy Depart - I ment is ready to act on a moment's no I tice to install the guns and supply the I gunners. The Navy Department waits I only the definite announcement by the President. I , Republicans in Senate Bi Filibuster; Threaten t( Block Big Bills Washington, Feb. J3. Rep?blica the Senate began what is virtual filibuster to-day and threw into th all plans for the remaining seven ? ing days of the session, threat* essential pending legislation and ' shadowing opposition to any req President Wilson may make for authority to deal with the internati ! crisis after Congress adjourns, did not challenge charges on the that they deliberately wer.* seekin , force the Presi?lent to call an extra sion. Although the Democrats believe fight is aimed chiefly at the Admi tration's emergency revenue bill drew prompt and hearty support f those opposing any grant of additic power to the Executive which mi i result in aggressive action to proi American rights in the war zone. Begin hilling Time The trouble began when the niajoi rejected an amendment modifying excess profits tax provision of the r entie measure. There was a conf?re preiided over by Senator Lodge ; participated in by leaders of both wii of the Republican party, including S ators Pcnros?, Smoot, Weeks and Rr degee, of the regulars, and La Follel Poindexter and Nereis, of the Progr sive group. Returning to the floor, the Repuk cans began 'wiling time, ?peaking 1 hours, while the exasperated Den SiatS listened helplessly. Democratic leaders nre corsideri forcing all-night ?e?---ioii? in an effi to tire the filibusters out, an?! th ma;- begin to-morrow. Filibustering continued until o'clock to-night, when leaders of bo sides agreed upon a recess until t morrow. No Democrat addre??? ?1 t Senate unless asked a question, the d bate being carried on by Republic) Senators, among them Sterling. (Ironn Sherman and Weeks. Sure of Extra Session With reference to the attitude ? i the Republicans toward the lagislath programme, some of them said to-nigl that the revenue bill might be allow? to pass some time next week, bal thi ? "?he public may be very sure that thei ' will be an extra session of Ceagfl A surprising unanimity ?>f ?piai? was expressed at the Republican cat cus that Congress should remain i session, ready for any emergency. Of position was manifested to any gran of general powers to the President dur ? ing the nine months' reces? whic would ensue if no extra session shoul | be called. Underlying this view were wide!; differing reasons. La Follette Hnd Nor ns fear that if the President is left t? deal with the situation without any re straining influence from Congress h? ?vill plunge the country into war Lodge and Brandegee fear that he wil let Germany kill American citizen! without number without taking any de cisive steps to protest American right? No decision a? to the steps to be taken was reaehed. It was decide?! however, that the Republican Senator? "would discus? all pending legislation just a? though March I was many months away, instead of just seven legislative days distant." Refuse To Be Rushe-d "Senator La Follette has fifty amend ments to the revenue bill alone, and he will speak on every one of them," declared a Senator who scarcely even speaks to the Wisconsin Progressive, in describing the situation. "There is to be no filibuster," said nearly every Republican Senator in the same words. "Please dont get the idea there is to be any such thing. We are merely going to consider ?II the pending bills sanely, and not per? mit any hasty legislation. If a bill is noi worth discussing we won't discus.? it. But if it? importance should war i rani debate and amendment, we will : point out our position and seek* to make chancea." I 3 More Ships Reported Sunk The retultt of th? Teuton >ub ruirine rtimpni:in from February / to dat? are at foUnxtt: ADDITIONAL SINKINGS REPORTED AlKos, French.12.644 Belgier. British . 4,588 Watlineld, British . 3.012 Doravore, Norwegian. 2.7oO Invf-rcauld, British. 1,416 San Mich?le. Italian. 583 Adelina. Italian. 528 Ape, British. 464 Giovanni P., Italian. 105 "Monarch . '?"tmcroy. Two smacks. British. 200 Totol .25,700 * .X'il\i,il.il,l,j ,lnrl ttUUaat Unk.HO-U.il. PREVIOUSLY REPORTED Number of ships, 162; tonnage. 3)7,103. TOTAL SINCE FEBRUARY 1 Number of ships. 175; tonnage. 382,805; British. 95; other Allied, 18; American, 2; other neutrals, 41; unknown nationality, 19. U. S. Missionary Drowns as U-Boat Sinks Troopship Athos, 12,644 Tons, Torpe? doed Despite Warship Convoy; 1,450 Rescued Pans. Feb. 23. Robert Allen Haden, an "imerican Presbyterian missionary stationed at Soo Chow, China, perished when the French transport Athos was torpedoed without warning in the Med? iterranean. .'10 miles east of Malta, on February IT. The Athos, a 12,644-ton liner, was carrying Senegalese troops and French ? olonial laborers, and was torpedoed whil?? under convoy by the French tor pedoboat destroyers Mameluk and En? seigne Henry. These vessels, aided by a gunboat, saved 1.450 persons from the sinking ship. The Athos was on her way from Japan to Marseilles. The submarin* showed neither flag nor number by which she might have been identified, and may have been an Austrian undersea boat. The Athos was a steel twin-screw steamer and was built at Dunkirk in 1?.14 for the Messageries Maritimus, of Marseilles. U. S. Will Not Take Action If Ship Was ?Transport Wa-ahington, Feb. 23. The following dispatch was received by the State De? partment to-day from Consul Keblin ger, at Malta: "Robert Allen Haden. Presbyterian missionary, vas drowned when French liner Athos was torpedoed, without warning, 210 miles east of Malta on ?he 17th. When the ship was struck he went to the aid of the Chinese on board. Otherwise would probably have been saved. Reported large number of troop? on board. Not definitely ascer? tained if ship was transport." Information is being gathered offi? cially to determine the importance of the Athos case in relation to the tense situation between the United States and the Central Powers. If it is defi? nitely established that the Athos was acting as a transport this government probably will have no cause for action. Haden Killed on Way To Join His Family I'. ? r.-ia*A*rapl? ta? The M*MM, ! i,ville. Tenn., Feb. 23. Robeft Al? len Haden, Presbyterian missionary at Soo Chow, was en route to Lucerne, Switzerland, to take his wife and six children back to China with him, when he wus killed on the Athos. He had been a missionary since 1891, when he was graduated from the Southwestern Presbyterian University, at Clarksville, Tenn. He was born at Keatchie. I.oti tsian?, in 186.V Since 1908 he had been an evangelistic missionary at North Soo ? how. In 1897 Mr. Haden married Mis? Kugenie Clara Hilbold. of Switzerland. GRAJ-TD CENTRAL THRONGS FLEE AS FIRECRACKER POPS Three Calm Men Suspected, but Are Freed After Search An explosion resounded in the west end of the Grand Cen'.ral Terminal at 6 o'clock last night while the crowds were pouring down the incline from Yanderbilt Avenue. There was an im? mediate upheaval at the lower end of the incline and the throngs began to flow backward to the street. Patrolmen Curry ?nd Culler., who had heard the concussion as they stood on Yanderbilt Avenue, pushed their wsy through the crowds. Just in front of the newsstand at the base of the incline was a clear space. Three young men lounged against the counter eying the throng with amufement. "Who touched off that bomb?" de? manded Curry. "To what bomb do you refer?" count? ered one of the young raen. "This one!" cried Cuitan triu-rn phantly as he picked up s discharged firecracker about two nches long and half an inch in diameter. The young men inspected the relic calmly and with interest, but put for? ward no ilaim. A? they possessed nothing more incriminating than safety matches they were allowed to go. kor uiu mufan .ajak nan Vz, lirait. ? Kumyss.?-Atlvt. English Food Crisis Is Faced Heroically British Are Prepared For New Sacrifices Accept Food Restrictions as Means to Victory and Are Ready for More ?) VRTHl R S. DRAPER Hy ?'able to The Tribune) London, Feb. 23.?Britain is tak? ing her medicine standing up and smiling. As Premier Lloyd George indicated in his sp-eech in the House of Commons this afternoon, the food situation has reached a crisis. In the distance loom up the spectres of compulsory food rations and con? scription of labor?though the latter is far off. Britain faces the toughest prob? lem of the war. But the people have at last been taken into the confidence of the government; their eyes have been opened to the true state of af? fairs and they are prepared for the struggle to come. In good spirits they will accept all restric? tions, will be perfectly willing to make more and more sacrifices, pro? vided it means the winning of the war. War Most Be Won Everything is to be subordinated | to that; the war must be won. To appreciate the full significance | i of the grave warning contained in j the Premier's speech, recourse must I be made to some figures on British shipping, import and tonnage, Be , fore Um war Britain had some 3,600 ships of over a thousand tons, ag? gregating 16,000,000 tons. To this amount must be added captured Ger . man ships and those built or bought since hostilities commenced. On the debit side, so far as the , civilian population is concerned, 1 must be set approximately 8,000,000 , tons used for the army, nearly 2.000,000 tons utted by Britain's ! allies and nearly 3,000,000 more j tons which the Germans claim to have disposed of. After the frank speeches of Lloyd George and flir Kdward. Carson, it is apparent why the economic situation is considered extremely grave. According to the latest figures, commodities amounting to 37,400,000 tons, of which 16,000,000 tons consti? tuted foodstuffs, were imported by Great Britain last year. To decrease the import tonnage there must be strict economy in con? sumption, intensive farming and the i reduction of non-essentials. Last 1 year Great Britain imported, approxi? mately, 9,000,000 tons of iron and other ores. Lloyd George says this cannot be reduced. K?t*onomy in Paper I he Premier's announcement of the reduction of paper distributed be? tween the printing and packing trades ' to ??140,000 tons means the halving of their last year's supply. Already the paper*? have anticipated this move by reducing the size or increasing the price, or both. In 1916 '.,000,000 tons of petroleum \ were imported by Britain, and no change has been announced in this | case. Lloyd George's speech indicates a probable reduction of tt per cent in non-food imports, as compared with the ? 1H16 figures. His most drastic reduc ; tions are aimed at imports of food? stuffs. No American apples or mineral table waters, no tea from China, no coffee from .Ja?a or Brazil, will be per? mitted to enter the country. Many . American manufactured articles are to j be place-d under the ban. American firms dealing in typewriters and photographic apparatus almost : monopolize the English market, but have factories here. The importation of , American boots and shoes, once heavy, j ha.? decreased greatly in the last ? decade. The output of beer is to be cut to one-third of that in normal times. It is estimated that thia means the sav , ing of 15,000.l)i'<i b?.shels of barley, 400,000 bushels of maize and nee, 8, 000,000 pounds of sugar and 17.000,000 pounds of hops. Italy and Spain Affected The SI per cent reduction in the im? port of oranges, bananas and nuts chiefly affects Italy and Spain, espe 1 cially the former, which found a large market in Germany long after the war started. To encourage farming on the maxi? mum scale the government undertakes i to guarantee the pri*-?s of oats and whea* for *hree year?, and potatoes for the present year. From time to time it is probable that additional commodities will be included in the prohibited or restricted lists, but as constituted now they will not at once affect the people seriously. In the figures quoted earlier regard? ing import tonns?e, neutral as well as British ships arc included. During th? first, part of last year neutral shipping ! suffered only lightly from submarine attacks; now a large part of it is tied ! up in port Walter Runeiman, following the ? Premier, sounded the keynote by his ; reference to the importance of labor's j attitude henceforth. It will be the de? ciding factor in agriculture and ship < building and also in the question of : supply and demand, unless the govern? ment desert* voluntary for a compul ? sory system of rationing. The war triumvirate? Lloyd George, ; Milner and Turzon still control the situation, and they are prepared to j give a strong lead. THF ORRENBKIKK -While .**?. p.. ., Springs. ,?, ?at \o I.leal USM tor th? cur? Only un? olght frmn Sttr York. .-Ad?t. Lloyd George Announces Embargo on Huge Volume of Imposts Sustenance Reserve? Lowest in History Prices for Farm Products Guaranteed for Years ; All Luxuries Eliminated London, Feb. 23.? Great Britain ha? determined upon drastic meas i.rer to increase her home food pro? duction and to curtail all non-essen? tial imports, a.- the best way to back up her army and navy in their stiuggle with the Teutons. Official indication of the effect of the enemy's U-boat campaign was given to-day, when Premier Lloyd George declared in the House of Commons that the success of the En? tente cause rested on England's abil? ity to solve the tonnage shortage, which was now affecting not only the ordinary needs of the nation, but also the military exigencies. To achieve the success of the En? tente, the Premier announced, spe? cific measures had been determin?9d upon by the government. Restrictive Meaaure? These include: Guarantee to English farmers of minimum prices for wheat and potatoes for several years to come. Fixing of minimum wsge for agricultural laborers. Cutting down of production of all breweries and distilleries to about one-third of normal produc? tion. Prohibition on importation of coffee, tea, cocoa, all raw fruits except lemons and oranges, vege? tables, hides, timber, leather, boots and shoes, wine?, mineral waters and agricultural machinery. Curtailment of paper ?mpeite tion. i Prohibition on importation of I all luxuries. Everything must be sacrificed to the conservation of shipping, the ? Premier declared. A great increase | in shipbuilding was planned, he said. ; There was no sure way to victory, he ' added, without hunting the subma ', rines from the deep. Colonial Premier? Present A crowded house at the special meet? ing listened to the Premier's speech, the premiers of Canada and New Zea? land being present in the diplomatic gallery. Premier Lloyd George announced that the United Kingdom would en? deavor to depend upon its own re? sources for timber, which heretofore largely had been imported, the chief obstacle to its production being an insufficient force of skilled workmen for cutting and? finishing it. It was announced that in deciding what commodities should be excluded from the United Kingdom to econo? mize in tonnage the government had to take into account the interests of I its Allies. The threatened restrictions aroused immediate protests from France, as the impo;.s from that coun? try of mineral waters, winea, brandy, ' silks, needle work and of all kinds of | garments and luxuries, such as hon \ nets, feathers and flowers, represent a considerable income to the French ' producers. The power given to the Board ?of ! Trade to issue special lieenaea, how : ever, may be freely exerciaed in be | half of the allies of Great Britain, ?a ships taking munitions and other aup I plies to France and Italy hare ample tonnage to bring return cargoea. Thar? are now heavy stocks of French win?? in England. In hia peroration the Premier said: "I know of no body of honorable mea who would take for one hour the re? sponsibility for the conduct of thia ter? rible war unless the nation was pre? pared to take its share of the sacrifices. I say it would be a crime it would, b? a black crime for any government t? ask the gallant men at the front to risk their brave lives in the coming conflict if they knew the effort of the nation was faint-hearted, was selfish and that 1 their ?acriiice-i were thrown away. Asks Nation to Accept "We have 1.0 right to ask it For I that rcison I have come her?, afUr long deliberation and thought and on | behalf of the government, to submit proposals which ! hope the Commone j will approve and the nation will carry out with unflinching and ungrudging I hearta." Mr. Lloyd George said that for sons? i time there has been a shortage of ton? nage required for the general needs of the nation, and even a slight shortage in the tonnage for military purpose*. The nation should realize absolutely what the conditions were. "If we take drastic measures," he continued, "we can cope with the suU tnarine menace, but if the nation ia not prepared to accept drastic measurea for dealing with the menace, disaster ia be. fore us. "The government is hopeful of _s4?