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Ai rO M OBI LES "", -Neto ftoric STribtme EDITORIAL ? FINANCIAL AUTO If OBI LES i>\IH III EIGHT PAGES . SUNDAY, MARCH I. L917 PART Ml EIGHT PAGES x BRITISH VIP:W OF THE AMERICAN CRISIS Sonic Americans, the Author Intimates, 11 \t limes Seem Doubtful Whether George HI Is Really Dead" By SYDNEY BROOKS IKNt'W of nothing moro imp ? .???nit- than that the America pcop!<' should reconsider their trail tional a'.' hide tOWWd (?reat Britain. An ?-, appeal to them to do so is- In reality t make a fh a for nothing more start lin than a ???? ?-r proportion and the rccogni of fact*. It il to ask them merci; -vhether the time has not come wheai the; -hculd lhake off the dead hard 0/ the past ptridc certain prepossession? tant clow their right, and look the present aqaarel' face. Let me sa.', at once that u an English ?nan who ha= known the United Stal twenty years I well understand why then mould f?ll remain at the hut torn of th< America*: ?msciouineji a sediment o? anti-British prejudice. I should have 11 mnelf if I were an American. The fad ?hat y"-' independence was wrested fron England, that Knpland has inevitahly In? ured in your somewhat ebullient school books as "the enemy*," that the B ?Vrjverr,b c 1 Ml " 'hough not the mass of the Br.ii'h people, was pro-South durir.f **our Civil ^';>r. and that mo^t of your diplomatic disputes have heen with Eng? land?all this is reason enough why a dis? torted view of (?rcat Britain, and of Anglo* Ameriean relations in general, should ?tffl y Ob-taele? to Anglo-Americaji Good Will And it has hern reinforced hy many other factors. The two peoples are se much alike that they are apt to resent their little points of dissimilarity. And st the same time th ferent that the srulf ? partial and a complete understanding of each other*. devacter and instinctive way of lookinjr atthinp? seems at times impassable. That black and stupid blot on the British rec? ord, Bfain- -I 1 handling of Ire? land and the Irish -has been and still ?a Vnjrlo 5?od will. Our lark of the tfifts >our aloofness and isola-1 liions of immig have ''*T?ec1 11 to the Unite-1 States an , inet of indifference or of dislikt- tow-1 England? these, too, are elements ii the problem. Th? ike il for granta !h:it to ?tin the genuine sympathies <?f tin American peuple for England must tlwayi be a matter of difficulty. I do not at tempt to hide thai from myself any mon than I attempt to deny that for this ciif ficulty our own bhinderings in the pas; leen greatly responsible. But I als? ?ee that Americans have a certain respon sibility in the matter a.? well. They allow :lif past to have to?? much .?way with them They even at time? seem a little doubtful ?r George III ? really dead. Whoi they think of England it. is of the England ?if the Revolution, or ?if the War of I s i 2 tiie Civil War of some dead an?! i.: gland that is separated from the England of the nre?ent by fifty or a hun? dred years in point of tirrre and by whole centuries in point of social and political structure. That. I think, i.? what Americans might well recognize more fully than they do? that the England of their schoolhcxiks and of their imaginations is not. (he England of to-day. 1 must heartily wish they wer? better informed ta to the changes which in the last fifty yean have transformed the scheme of British existence and ren? dered anything like the ungenerous and unintelligent attitude which the aristu cratic Fingland of the 60'a took up tow? ard America forever impossible. I wish they realized the strong sense of friend? liness and admiring kinship which m ai! Anglo-American questions animate- th? sen!iment and determines the policy of the British demo.! ?icy. You will rind people in Great Britain and especially ?.: the upper cla>?e- there an? fools in all countries-?who are ?till niggardly in their appreciation of Amerii-a and who : it with a BOrl 0 am I ed and top? lofty tolerance. They are the people who are the enemies of ? very democratic move tin itself. Americans can well afford t" disregard them and to look beyond this impotent and unrepresen? tative minority into the hearts and minds of the "common folk" who make up the bulk of every English-speaking commu There. I can promise thenr, thcy( will tind nothing but a cordial good will, ai honest desire for cooperation between thi two land?, an abiding faith?or instine would be the better word for it?tha serious trouble with the United St utterly out of the question, and a pas ate conviction that the two eountrie: have only to ?rork together to !-:>uro th< peace ?>f the world. I.et there be t." doul I I th< United State will always have a cIom friend am] a faithful friend i:i G real Britain. And at a crisis, if America evei , finds herself in a tighl corner, that friend. | ship will not be found wanting. Even in the convulsive fluidity of world politics, as they ate to-day and as they are likely to continue for some lime' to come, that at , least is a fixed and stable point. There i no possible combination of power- that will ever discover Greal Britain on the side of the enemies of the United States; nor can any danger, "i whatever magnitude or from whatc'.cr quarter, threaten America that <ireat Britain, if her assistance '?' t needed, would not gladly join in repelling. And that i ti"t only the truth and the whole truth and nothing but the truth so tar M Anglo-American relations are con? cerned. It is also the supreme and car . dinal fact of all international politic?-, present and to come, for those who have vision enough to take in its significance and its potentialities. The Democracy of Kinship i'ei there an itil] some American- who do not even recognize it M a fact, much te - appreciate its beneficent possibilit?-. . It is partly that they allow themscKes to be governed by obsolete but quite natural prejudice.-, partly that until recently they nave rarely bad occasion to think out thei* ! relation? with the different powers of Bu? ' rope, and partly that the fog and turmoil of thi. war rather stun the sens?-?? than clarify them. But I cannot, help thinking that Americans as a whole have shown somewhat lesa than their usual quick intel ligence in not long ago perceiving and ap? praising at it- true worth the unalterable the British people toward th>- United states. It w?.- sufficiently ?'( - vious, and for a brief period aras retsog nized and understood, during the Spanish War. And then it was forgotten or per- ? mitted, at any rate, to lose its meaning. "i et you can go Over the history of the! last four decades with a tine-tooth comb and not find one single instance of ill wii! on i the part either of the British government | or ?'f the British nation toward the United offsel the score of instances jrot will certainly find of friendly acts and . till friend;,- : ion. I Irish Americans would once and for al allow this Sim] ' ?in!, into theii coii?ciousne.?s. I wish they w??uld frankh Grett Britain for what ami mus? be, whether they like it or no? the democracy of all others *.? which the) .?t" m ?-* akin m blood, in speech, in social 'i:e, in political formation. i:i mora' ami ethical id?ala. I ?jrish they would in the*ir minds sonic clear, unvar nished picture of what she has stood fm in the past and standa for to-day, of the civilizing mission that has fallen tc her lot, and of the spirit in which she is discharging it in every corner of the world. I !i they woulil lind out for themselves whether on the whole it i< not the -pint of justice and liberalism and helpful pi _' ;? spirit and an achievement m which Americans may candidly acknowledge the embodiment <?f their own ideas of all that for pra.'o and prosperity and who ? someness ami sanity. I wish especially they would quietly survey the world around them and discover, if they can. a single point at which British and American in clash, a single fundamental aim of policy in which the two peoples are not in complete agreement, or a single quarter of the world in which each would not gam b.\ the other's assistance. And I wish all this -let me frankly say -?i rather more for the sake of America than of my own country, tireat Britain been betted in this war through ami through tnd has not. boon found wanting. She will enrerge from it in every WBJ a stronger power than she was when it be? gan. Her future js secure. She has firm allies. She iteeds no others. Yon will find, whin peace returns, tha* a new England ? "li forged in the furnace of the wtr, ati England of labor ami not of leisure, lid by great sacrifie*?.? for gretl ideals, fortified by poverty, acttlly, spiritually, politically and Industrially made over, and a hundred times mure eft!? cient and more vigorous iban ?!'?? was in facing all the emergencies of national I of international life. Prom the narrow standpoint of self-interest sijrh an Kng land may safely trust tu the strength of her own right arm, to the new ?pint of enterprise which this war ha?? surprised . al "I her sons, to the COmmO l,ir diplomacy and to the tremendo;. pacted power of an empire that the pail thirty months hnve ?o'iditied into a ? ingle unit. I ha? - com try. Bi ' nfesi to I ;?? . | - ?M ' r America. it, of COW ' I question her n ? beyon comparison greater than those of an other nat:on. The United States has wit! in herself the latent power to be or to d almost snythii . The navi 1 is hers whenev? Bj adopting univers; service she can build up also, if not tu; merically the greatest, by all the odds th most intelligent and the best equippe army in. the world. But what -he can d and what she will do are two very differen ' matters: and I own to aome anxieties whe I view her apparent reluctance to face th stern facts of international existence i these stern days end when I see her wan dering in a eloudland of sentimental tin realities. The position of a wealthy, un armed, peace loving nation, with exposai ees dependencies, i- nut one that in to any great comfort of mind. There teem, indeed, to me to be threi alternatives ahead of th States In the first place -he may equip hcrsel with sufficient naval and military force U prakc lvr secure foi all time against in on, to safeguard the Monroe Doctrine to protect the Philippines end to main tain the open door in China m China where American interests are airead] 1 heavily engaged arid where the next greal n ternatkmal problem is slowly but in exorably taking shape, That mean-, oi course, supporting a burden of armaments by land ami sea such a- America. ? t hardly dream of. Secondly, she may remain much a- -In is at present, taking no effective pert m world politics, a hermit among the nations, with her range "f definite influence cir? cumscribed bj i he American hemisphere and leaving the Old World to get along a :t can. This means, of course, the renunciation of all hopes of establishing univei al i" ace along the lines of Presi? den! Wilson's proposais. It mean- that the United State will peraist m her tra? ditional attitude of irresponsibility and will continue to act as though America had '?ne tel of interesta ami Europe another. I* means that if the United States takes in European Hague conventions it will only be in the future, a n m the past, on the understanding that she is thereby eom mitted 'o nothing. It, means also. I fear, that the moral force of America, once the greatest of her assets, will be subject to a : progressively increasing discount. The England of American School Books and American Imagination Is Not the England of To-Day cached s ?od of ;'n? world's history when wishes ami aspira tiens tnd hieb ideals, unsupported by tilt I power af deed--, will be less than OVOl COtnpt -way the iic.?unies of na . lions, 1 haw ntver wanted America ti enter this war for the lake of the Allies I have hoped that she would enter it fot her own sake an?! for the sake of hei I future standing in the world. It does not need much foresight to be sure that thosi who have ?run.? down into the arena and have foughl the battle of civilization and liberty and democracy, hurling into th? struggle the very pick of their manhood and uncounted billions of treasure, and reckoning the canse, the great cm worth every sacrifice it ?Joes not need much foresight to be >^rv that, these na tions, when victory is in their grasp, will have little regard for, -??ill pay no more than a formal heed to, any land that has hovered as an affluent, onlooker on the out? skirts of the war and has rjeclined the su? preme call to itself descend into the list ?. Americs Linked with European Liberalism There remtins th?? third alternative that the Unite?! Si ate? should boldly enter the war not merely to vindicate outraged American rights, but to help in defending those sacred causes for which the Allie?; are tiurhtmir and which every true Ameri? can, as I believe, desires to prevail. 1 want to see the humane and dUpaasionate intelligence of the United States brought 'o bear 01) the actual terms of pea.?' those terms which ?he can never affect by holding aloof or by ?'residential atljura tions and promises or by anything but the Of powei and the will to BJM it. I want t.? see the Soldiers and sailors of America lighting the great tight for the lalvation of denioertey side by side with ?heir brother democrats of Prance and Gretl Britain. I want to ?<??? the United S'ates exercising the hijrh privilege, seat? ing the irrevocable opportunity, of strik? ing in corptrty with the heroes of Verdun and of the Summe another blow for human freedom. And with her |>osition and pres? tige thus reestablished in the eyes of a now critical world. I want them to see ; America link her (orees with 1 ho foi | European liberalism in ai -ccurc a perpetuity of peace. Only by herself We? I suffering can the United Statt tluence the BM - that ? ill and '.Ins war. Only -olutely emerging from the shell of isolation and alig'.. elf with the powers that think at sS ?loes can she hope to bring about that better dis* pensation which rol ow the war. The besis of a uor: ! peace il not to he looked for in ? world cor.io | or in dis? armament. It i- to be looked fi i m !y la the cooperation of the liberal and un?ev e democracies, bailed by naval and military force. Only when the United States, Prance and Great Bi sin itand t?v gether. with the doc .men of sea power in their joint control, will the cause of peace have found its true guardians and guarantor-. Make peace too powerful to be broken and ?t will not be broken. On no other terms can it be preserved? Will America enter the war and, if she does, will she wage it on the limited lia? bility principle or frankly, ? an ally among allies? Will she enter the world and at length play an activ? part in the family of notions? Will *-h< per-".ere in her present neutrality to the end, retire once more into the seclusion of her own continent, ami turn her back on the bigger questions of the larger world'.* Will *h?* i has?? after the rainbow of perpetual peact* in a vagus endeavor to internationalise the universe when sh?? can secure to herself and all other net ?OM S durable and effective peace by reinforcing the power 0? Ett* ropean democracy with bor own? Will ?die permit old prejudices against alliances and older prejudices against Great Britain to obscurs her vision of the i lament needs and facts of the world around her ami of the -ole conditions on which her idealism and her Strength can usefully BSrvO man? kind'.' These are tremendous They concern Great Britain, They con? cern Europe and A ia, B I most of all do they concern the Uniti es. On the answer- the returns to them Will depend, for a longer futurs than JTOU or I can measure, the policies, the moral influence, and the material fortunes of tho Al tuu people. ? "THE GREEK MASSES ARE AT HEART WITH THE ALLIES" By P. I. ARAVANTINOS o? '/? mber 0/ eefc P 1 IT }.? ippoec that the sub? Constanl the European war. ecenl ory of ..m the first da hrone, following thi ' J.tion of 1. which, by the way. : ed by some ,erman intrigue ; rtoi d minute that in the Bpring of ' ??:? and ? ? ai a final agreement beta-een Wilhelm and Constantino, of the the 'mu Premier ? ignorance. The af-re.-ment W9 ? tn'' Ka - m rig of the man hal' and by thai ?irions speech oft! ! ?'-' Potaaam, and truth. a for Groeee'i ab. achie k9 arul thr' . -, gd ,,f t., I re? ch education . and the valiancy of the If Germ;. t?fd in winning so easily the I 'till('? ?t w* in a:. ? to tilt fact that 1 astJon " ta V'-ntr^. hip was at the iitary ma? le attrih valuo jtion of foreign tlfs i.-a of divine right made . ? rttssacy of Gar many was to him a guarantee of the eotv? The King did Bjoi ',? ,-manophile !? -an .> ?pre* ?ive ; iir"1 ???? fJbavt Ihstl time v.hi'b taogh'. tba? the Beat '.f <,r'.'f ran be secured by the Odor/ I autocratic form of gov l th'? right - ? ?v. ... . ? , . ? . King, ehief ? '"' ''?'" h he prop""'.'. fwp. a? thai time ,.,?-. rernov ??I him from ??< po ? td ' > tta) ? teaststt with Ven; , owever, th? King reinstat ? i general. The opening of the European war, 1914, found Greece in a : tat?- of confli sen the ;- ding for the co of the people and tl Prussian influences fathered by the King The K ? ret agreemei I m i Rai i . \ir therefore did hit best furtl ? ? ! , for ciumph of the latter he saw his ou triumph. An ab olute monarchy in Greet would have been the natural result ? Germany's victory, On th?- other hand, the Greek demo allied itself with the Entente power urging Venizelos to coordinate the drei with the Entente pol Under the pressure of the popula be King was obliged t'i remove ai the beginning of the war his favori! German Foreign Minister, Mr. Strei Germai ? -mment comm? ? stant?ne to influence the Serbia government, in 1915, toward the conclt -?on of a separate peace, the King carrie this mission out, without infoimin Venixelos, by sending to Belgrade Colon? Metaxas, of the General Staff, In February ?if L915 Venixelos. backe Parliamentary majority ?if three ths and the country'-- public opinion proposed a pian of military action witl the object of soiidifying the Balkan States The scheme of Vcnimlo wa to safeguan the Balkan peninsula from Austro-Ger man Sggrei -ion, at the same time liberal ?ng about two million Greeks from the ot toman' yoke. A crown council ??... cod, in whicl party leader participated, to pa-; the plan of Veniseloe. The counci ? I unanimou: ly. The King, how ?. : to abide by it decii ion, and violating the constitution, dismissed V*e niseloe from the Premiership, and sub man with no political following what-oever. When the new minister came to power oopulai backing of him bad to be cre? ated, and for that purpose German gold . id. Newspapers turned within one tiight from pro-Allies info the champions ? Pj . ?.;i!.i-rn. This produced the ?m iou abroad that a ectkm "f Greek public opinion ws pro-German, hi sctu* however, 'be large ma- ? of the . are at heart with the Allie*. The mi of May, 1915, not v. ,th -tar. ding th?- presMire lirought by th'- King's agenta upon ?li?- people, demon?o*rat?d where ?M athisi ot the large majority of <;n-eks i . ? | ?? er by thi- Cuek ,;,..? to ths challenge ?if an unCOfl tional monarchy, for the royal mm biiving been repudiated by the pen hotlld hi?-.?- re Ignod m favor of the . Liberals, Hut such a chaagt m th?- gov [eminent WOOld bave been injurious to the of Germany, which wanted have Bulgaria's cooperation in the w And Bulgaria would never have dared join the Central Powers without being si with ' ' It gee without saying that bau \ nizeltt been at the head of the govei ment Bulgaris would never have enter the war on the aide ?if the Teuton-. I! the royal ministry, in power in violati of the constitution, ws nothing hut instrument in the hand- of the Germai phi!" King. Before the ne** Parliame ITS convoked the King's ministry gave Bulgarie full guarantees that Gres would remain friendly in case Bulger joined el Powei . When Venizelos again became Premi he was suddenly confronted by a Hi garian mobilization. He hastened to u mit to the King an order for mobiii/.atit in Greece, proposing to end immediate an ultimatum to Bulgaria in conformil with i.'>? ce' obligat on to Serbia. Tl King signed the order for mobilizatio but refuaed to send an ultimatum to I5u garia. Veniseloe, who bad the full a| i-oval ol Parliament behind him, wa di "d. I-o reason) he retired wit! out protest. He rj d not d< ire to brin about an internal crisis at a t?m?' wbc Bulgaria, fully mobilized, might bave ai tacked Serble in order to avenge her df feat of 1913. Veniseloe was followed b Zaimis, who eras obliged tO resign on month later because of his disappiw al o i. . riendly stand toward th tnglo-Frencfa army at Sal?nica. Constentine then intrusted th?- govern ment to Scouloudi , At the same time th' King, ding the constitution am the nation'- Mate of mind, dissolved Per liament and ordered new election . time when one-half of the male populatioi of the country were mobilised at 'be fron tier. The election 'oUowed, perhap* more than any other event, illustrated th? nature of Greek public opinion in regan ? War. For the large majority of voters abstained from coming to the poll ;..~ the Liberal party and Venizelos boy? cotted the election. The royalist candi* date , backed by the King's government, made a wretched showing. In Metelin, for instan'-?-, the royalist candidate got -i\ as compared with ?20,000 votes re? ceived by ths Venizelos candidate at the pre\ iou? election. ('onsta.it ine. however, would not be ? wayed from bis position by the proof fur ?ii bed a? the election es to the sympa? thie? of the '?reek nation. The foreign policy of Greece was shaped by the '?<-n ?ral Staff of the army, which was in com? munient ion with the Germen authorities. Ill?- militar'', attache at tbi- Garaaaa Km at A'hen.? got from the (?reek au il,untie? ell the informttion they cou obtain in regard to the Allie?! f.. Macedonia. iag the path of 'lie Allie. ? ilii i kinds of difficulties became s favorite p? icy of Constantino. He used the army suppress all internal dissatisfaction. Tl Liberal party trtS the main object m tl King'- crusade again.?' (?reek dem Bande of criminal-, named by the King govi rnmenl g "secret police," wereformi under the leader-hip of Constantino'? chit of bodyguard to terrorize all Liberals an popular leaders. To ay that the situation grew into liable toward the summer of 1 *T+1 * ? i? t put it mildly. Kin?? Constantino was tel ing like an agent of the Ktiter. That h really was s missionary ?if Prussianisi we diado ed only la<t June, when th Entente Powers obtained proofi to th effed thai the royal government had d< livered to the Bulgarian army, Bccordin to s prearranged plan. Fort Ruppel. Th object of this treasonable act wts not onl; to hinder the Allied offensive m Mac? dunia. but tu expuse the Hanks ^f the Al lied army to Bulgarian att., The demand? made by th?? El i ?u.V., re 'ii? re ore full; justified. The ?? uesnands amounted t<> th. removal of Scouloudis, the dissolution u the fake Parliament and the demobilize tion of the army. The Ruaaiail Ami.a? a dor tu Greece, Prince DemidotT, made i piain to Constantino that any rttitttnci on his part would cost liim his throne The King temporarily gave in. ami Ztimii again became Premier. In July, 1016, th?' new Premiei . ? Bgreement coricluded between ;!" Alliei and Rumania in regard to th?' lat . nee into th.- war. Xaimi? con? ,?!? red h an opport me oocttion fur Greec? ?i the Allie-, together with f?? ir II?' communicated hi? views to Coi tine, advocating i*o?Jperation between the Greek army am! the Allied force in Mace donia against the Bulgarian-. But 'he King would litten tu nu ... ii prono a! . On the othei hand. he orders to the Greek army to abendon positions', so a? to allow the Bult^arians "> invade Macedonia. This allowed the Bul . urround the Allied Hani.?, elim? inating the possibility of an imniedia'? Allied offensive. Thus has the King of Greece enabled the Central Powers tu trike with safety their staggering blow at Rumania. Prettier 7.a?m?? could do nothing else in :|i " circumstances but resign. A roy? alist ministry was forme?! under CaJogeTO PUIOB. This ministry would never have bean popular with the (?reek people. The ? rider of an entire army ? orps tu the Bulgarian! naturally increased the na tietl's ire i?|?-airi-t the KJSsBJ anil his gVrV frnment. A revolutionary movement I iprang up er the result ot Constantin pro ( ?erman and anti-t ?reek intri machinations, In Macedonia 'in- population cast off t Athena rule, forming an independent i tional defence commit!'?-. The [aland < rete also abolished the King'- govei ment. In various other part- of Grec committee- were being formed for t ? ? of evolving a truly national go ernment in Greece. The logical leader ?In- revolutionary movement was, ion, i-, Venizelos, to whom the Greek ?I mocrecy looked forward as to its mo illustrious and gifted representative. Venizelos, accompanied by many hit military and naval officers, departed fro Athens, ami on September M founded ti present provisional government in I Crete. Wherever Venizelos went th?- p*?? pie denounced their allegiance to the Kim joining the provisional government. A the (?reek i lands and a considerable pai of continental Greece were affected by th movement? A flood of public men. oil eer-, sailors, soldiers, university profet poured into Sal?nica from all the cot ners of Greece. To measure the depth of feeling arouse in the heart - of the people by the treason able acta of the King, it i- sufficient t point out that within twenty day- thre complete military divisions wen- raised b] the provisions! governm?-nt. Even Pre micr Celogeropulps saw the extent of pop ular indignation at the King's policies, am arrived at the conclusion that the onl] way left for Greece WS to join the Allies. Still the King remained loyal to hi; Prussien ?deals, He dismissed Celogero p dos and appointed Lambros, the present I remier, aa bis successor. Tin- rule i-t I.ambio- has proved to or ., reign of violence ? I rror. The inter? ests of Pro ipreme in the ??; the present Gr, rnment livea are Mcrificed to the Prussian god. v easel transporting (?,-eek volunteers to Sal?nica was sunk by a German -ubma rine acting under instructions from the (,'.k royal palace. Constantine ? ?o terrorise hi-- rebellious subjects. With this end in '? ??.?. a number of criminal ? ? perpetrated by the Cembros ministry in recent months. . presa was gagged in a feshioo un? known to (Ireece. Editora and journalists ?hrown into jail ami executed with? out trial. Civilians by the hundreds were -hot by order of i 'onstantme's officials. About 1,500 citizens were imprisoned in Athens and about 5,00Q in the h I of (ireece. Among these prisoners were clergymen, ex-Deputies, Mayors. | sor-, ex-ministers and even nurses, who had been eccu Sd of rendering medical av sistence to wounded Vcnizeli-t . This reign of terror Iihs no parallel in the modern history of (ireece. It led to ?i ngthening of popular support i the provisional government. The lattt has gamed steadily among all class? through? uiintry. Being a trul democratic government, functioning b . ho rit y of the (?reck people then the Sal?nica governmen' i< full constitutional, while that of the King i being illegally mtinttined in violation ?? the G eek constitution. Greece is ?till often referred to in th p ? es a sii gle itate. In reality, hou . th has ceased to exit lince September 11, 1916. There is n Idhger one Greece, but two divide! te? tions, cadi having its own governmeni and separated from each other by a neu tial zone. One government ?S located : ; Athen and i? headed by King Constantino, wh ?hape- it; policies according to h ?una! view?' an?l asnirations. The otne ?men; ha? its headquarters in Sa i?nica and is the direct choice of the G ? people. Under the presidency of Veni/.elo it is carrying out the national pola Greece. The independent existence of the par of Greece governed by Venizelos is not ; mere detail in the national life of the coun try. but a fact of great historic import The government of Sal?nica has beta rev ognized l'y the United state.? a- de facto the American Consul at Sal?nica havinj. received instructions from Washington '< put himself in cummunieation with it. The legality of this government hai been recognized by all the Entente Pow? ers, which have estab!i.?,he?l ?liplomatic in? n? Venizelos government going a- \'di- a? loaning to it consim turns of money. The relations between the Allies and the Sal?nica governmeni arc BSOSt curdial, while thOSB of th" Allies and the Athens government art to the ? '?' n e The divisi ? see into two separate ins does not harmonizo with the (?reek people's ideas and wishe?. It would be, indeed, an incomprehensible phenomen?m from the point of view of raodern I history. But a deeper ?tudy of the tion will revea! the fact that Conditions in ? ? are the result of decomposing influ ? acts from without. Th''.-e influences are the old force , *" Prus?ian militarism. Prussianism consid? ers all .-mall state? and nations a hindrance in i's path of world domination. P Is only a natural se?puence to Germany's Weltpolitik that the national, social. MO? nomic and even liotBCttic decompotition that occurred m Belgium, Montenegro, Sorbit and Rumania under the rotr I '" Prussian guns ?liould htvt had a ? n ' r effei't on peaceful l.rcece. The section of t'reecc under the eontrol ?f the provisional ??ovemment is about ?wire as tarife a? that under the King. siso the pai i riche I iltural and commercial It is fully self-sufficient, ?is incomt I than enough to cover all administrative ex? penses. The army under thi control of the King at the present moment d< not e ccecd 20,000 men. The provisional government, on the other hend, ha ? an armj of .-? 70,000, (?art of which "hting 'he Bulgarians on the lide ' f til'- Allies. Tie- policiei of V barn completely with the t "''?' aim- of the power- lighting 0t?OU? foi- the reel in? ?? ?-? : of,thc (?r-' pep!?? are bound closely wi h those of the /?eat democraciet of E . , i, ?.. people would have proved '?? i true position hail it not been fol ?ianized King that heppened to conti I ''he fortunes of the the outbn i th?' E Th( Allies undoubtedly fully appreciate the difficult ? <-n ot' -hi- Greek democrai This dens ' san i d 'he right to le represented i i conienaee at I of the erar, i to the rdly been fully appreciated in this country. It was its wake! . llty to civil? ization, th;f ted the perfidious King from joining hands with the Central Power-, tie ting disaster to the force in Ifaeedonie. Ail the ?? provis? ional government to furnish as much aid ? being expended on behalf of thi Greek The ? M G ? that her national a-pirationa will I a realised at th ion of the ? onfli. t. ' | these is ; *.ons Whs rill in all probability -till 1 ?? divide M the King and Veniseloe. The government of rmer, being an sdjnnct of Prassif? ism. will have | ether with it i pr ?:? -'iit of the lat? er, b. in ? i truly repre? sentative govern) ?? ? the prob? lem ?if : at ional gov ernment of r,?. ? The question of ti.?- overthrow of the royal government and the possible alioli* tion of the monarchy altogether will be decided by a national assembly *o lie elected for that purpose by the entire [Kopie. It la eertain that in any event the authority of the King will he to a great extent su a- to deprhe ! i f his air . wer. A new will therefore be the r? suit of the ? ai. Indirectly the democreciea of Ku ? ope will have helped the democracy of dr,- it to achieve, through much suffer? ing, s?lf-government in the true meaning of the term.