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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 16, 1917, Image 1

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Cjir today. To-morrow, rain or
snow Moderate north or
northwest winds.
full Keport on Page S
^????^^ Fire* 4-n I?
First to Last ? the Truth: News ? Editorials - Advertisements
VoI. I AWI No. 25.688
'Copyright 19i:_
The Tribune Aaa'n.
? ? *
Over 100,000 Daily
Net Paid, Non-Returnable
ON F (FM ,:;r-n?
Railroad Strike Called,
Men Quit To-morrow
Nothing but Intervention
by Wilson Can Stop
Big Tie-Up
Brotherhoods Place
Blame on Railways
Refuse to Await Supreme
Court Decision or Arbi?
trate Demands
The railroad brotherhoods have
icrved notice 00 the railroads that a
tistirir-w .c will begin to-mor
fleeonieren e between the broth?
erhood chu-' and the railroad inan
iftTB ?toti r'i}ty ended in a disa^ree
m?nt The managers rejected the
?rainmen's demand that the eight
honr schedule be put into effect im?
The oniwer of the brotherhoods,
riven by William G. Lee. was notice
?hit Um p ? k-oisl would begin at 7
?:\irk I ? noTTOW night on Eastern
tnd Souther- road^ Thirty thou- ;
?and men are to be affected imme
cutely, and i ventaally 400,000 if the '
?inke -ful.
From W<i-hin?rtor: came word that
President Wilson would do all in his
wwer te avert a ?trike. It was sup-.
gated in \;i ministration circles that
be would appeal to the patriotism of
th*brothrr> ? ?is, and possibly compel
:h< runnini: of certain trains in the
??rent of a wa Ik-out.
Order Is Revocable
The orders to strike were issued to
h? men of the several organizations
!?!week, so that it was not neces
try fer struct ions to strike to be
?iued yesterday. I'nder the rules of
?ie sever.tl organizations of railroad
i*n such order- are subject to can
e.lation up to the last moment if, in
lljodgnient of the executives, can?
illa t m or ??Ivi-able.
The brotherho?-'.
snV> our?' wag?-- ft
?en' i overtime pro rata,
t I li pay \xag;e.? ?t this
?it* from January 1 lart, and that thee
icwpt I -?-rhoods' interpr?tation
ff the A'i-- ' - :- -j"' la the ??vent that it
M leid co- ','utional.
The raill ?-, ? ? ? ,r,'de by trie
Supreme Court in thr
tb?l Id, referrin?; Uti
?trms to thr,
Goetha- ? .r commission, or *o
:-, ?Impute to that ,
lomm-.?? c event of the <
natal lbs loeoi itltatiooal.
t to Stop 1'lrt.t
Uniie: ? - of the notice i,ervrd
on Elisha Lee, i '-.airman of the N'ation
?1 Ce-'" ? '? Bee foi tbe Rail
?syp will begin hy the
frfijh- aMern and Southern
road', uA ,?? Ittollj spread until all j
,. ., - service al
T.agencer men
i?? expert quit arerh befor?
,'V , ?f
'.( ? York Can?
?'A - iii Baltimore * Ohio,
?i ( hicairo
??ion of the Brother
hwief '?.. Trainmen'? ?-?itching
totnm;"' ? Louis Terminal
on, the Merchants'
Bn?J|e and rrj? yard in
?? Um
(reap of
'ril-k. i?s will b4 tb?
?^utht-r < k Weetara, the
,ipeake A '
f,th*r jrr?- .- < reodl ". ill
to twenty-four
"?art reifbt traffic ia af- ;
BtfStf, | | re xeill be
Tvs raJIt Kee York ,
:<-a>d to their
<? ?' 'h' same
i dooen and
?tk?r> c raine ami 'io
?o repoii
W duty . . were
-???d from
that a ? le eat?
"?"I* 'r ? a!!cd.
"f Break Withheld
? . ?
jj**1? sod roaoU took i
,."*?"> ? era of
?hat any 0|
. . ',' the ? '
- ?'ed
i2a ? lee le
??*? ' '? railroad'.
i*i ?I I ? ?-i I ? -. expressed re?r-?
m?* ' I 'Stlori '??ey rad
-'.. V.arrei, ""?' .
tartar, tor the
J-T**' , the ron
-^?rt. and W (,. |,?, u.r the "
?bo? P " '
trnmJ ' ? ?hpy *""
?ieat J
? -, 'riarir?') that
a? . *r\* -'; '?Jib !" "fT?r
2J" *'''">? ?, a tatt Ali
C**ina*d on page 6 column J
t?i?*T ?a*a arura?? watui ?m
4??.*""** ** ?** ?I??*? ?ton??r?e K?ttl?OL?
Strike Chiefs Give
New York 5 Days
To Get Food Supply
May Also Permit Milk Trains
to Run; Prices Already
Mounting; Mayor to Act
Five day? of crace wi" be granted
to \'fw York after a walkout of rail?
road trainmen in which to lay in food
supplie*. There is a possibility, hut
a possibility only, that milk trains will
be permitted to operate throughout the
The brotherhood chiefs made this
"concession" yesterday m response te
an appeal of the city'? food ce?
si?n. After its lapse city officials pre?
dicted acute suffering would result
trom the ratting of New York off from
its food sources within a week after
the calling of a strike.
Joseph Hartigan, secretary of the
Mayor's Food Committee, sent two
propositions to the conference com?
mittee of the railways, one add*
to the railroad managers, the other
to the brotherhood leader?. The oh
ject in each ca?e uns to cause an
agreement to be reached under which
the city would be guaranteed an un?
interrupted supply of food
Proposal to Trainmen
The proposal to the trainmen asked:
"That the Brotherhood of Rail?
way Employs? agree arid guarantee,
ii. the event of ? strik? on any ?if
the railroads of the United
affected by their authont\, that
supplies of food and fuel for all
destinations shall be permitted un?
interrupted passage, and that ar?
rangements shall Ik entered into
forthwith with the railroads to
furnish proper working crews for
such freight and tran-por'ation.
These proposals are submitted,
nrgine that immediate consideration
be given to them, in vic? of the
obvious conditions which will arise
ni the event of either partial or
general railroad strike throughout
the country, more particularly, how?
ever, haviig in mind jtas effect upon
a city like N'ew York, which depend?
for 95 per cent of its food supplies
and upon all of its fuel upon sor?
tions at great distances from Vcv
Five-Da v Heder GhnM
The response of ihe brotherhood
leader" said:
Every Indies) on now seems to wai -
rant trie statement that the freipht
train, engine and yard employ
??'?rta,-i railways entering this city
will peacefully withdraw from ser?
vice at 7 p r-i. Saturday, Mareil t.".
and that the employer on other linsi
will continue in service 'nr several
ela\ = thereafter, risking it possible,
in our opinion, to furnish thi
food and fuel supplie? for several j
dayl after the strike becomes el
f active.
Wf repret exreedingiy the ?iccc?
? of inconveniencing thi pul:
any way, and haw ?>r;?
our approval for the stoppage of the
work of regular roatl passenger em?
ployas for a period nf Ave da>s after i
the strike becomes affective, the result |
of which will he that regular pas-i
senger trains handling only pa?"en
far equipment as wall si regular
milk trains, ran operate, as u?ual.
Ihe threatened strike showed a
marked effect npt.ii wholesale prices of j
foods dm na. the da* s hint of what
miri'.t be expected In the event of a
long drawn out straggle thal would
cut off the city from the SOUrc?
supply, Mar-'t experta said thal prac?
ti.-ally a'l ?if thl hip dealers were at*
tempting to lay in supplies o< food
creater than required for the i
mediate need", thai forcing up the,
Perkins Mimmoncri from Florida
Although .".tun,,uiii. egfi arrived in
t) during the dap, the lau-.- *
shipment of any sin?le day for many
. .\hol"sale prices v.ere slightly
Mayoi v catad with
George W. Parkina, head of hn'n the
ty committee "ti food in- !
?.vh'i is in Florida. ,>'r
ted ba< k in the city
on Sunday, wnen he v.ill immediately
cal! a conference for tht purposa of
ng method'- of handling the
citv's foot) supply.
The question Of operating tniik trains :
wa? carried lo President Wilson I
New York Milk Dealers' I
Board Thi I Ion w Ired
?o the Pre idenl thal he u?e hie
influence to cause the trainmen to keep
from stop;
"Because of the condition of the
roads, making ii practically imp
to knova feed upplie from inland bj
motor trucks, the position of ti ??
trikC, will become
Beute within ehre? dayl aifr the cut?
ting I communie .' I
; ' tata l ?? i of
and Markets.
"Fro cheese and i
I heal and mia' con:?' from west
al Buffalo 1 hi cannot ha
: without the aid of the ra-;
-. ? gatablei come from
West and South, anti, as ?. con SO
?. would be- i b1 alT| azcapl bp i
water." I
Threaten to Kill
Americans Who
Munich Newspaper Says Shot
Before Declaration of
War Means Death
Captain Fryatts
Fate Is Recalled
Germans Say Shot Before
War Is Declared Means
Death to Sailors
tserland (?i? Paria),
March IS Phe crews of armed Amer
ican merchantmen who venture to fire
upon Herman submarines before a
stiit,. of war exists between l.ermany
and the Inited States must expert to
? meet the fate of Captain Fryatt, warns
the Muenchner "Neueste Nachrichten,"
a copy of which has reached Berne, in
commenting on the announcement of
the State Department that American
merchantmen will be armed.
"\\'c assume." the ne-wspaper Fays,
"that President Wilson realizes the
fate to which he is subjecting his ar?
tillery men. According to th" German
prize laws, i* is unneutral support of
the enemy if a neutral ship taken part
in hostilities. If such a .ship opposes
the prize court, then it must, be treated
us an enemy ship.
"The prize rules specify that if the
crews of such ships, without, being ?'
tachad to the forces of the enemy, take
part in hostilities or make forcible re
. sistance thev may be treated according
, to the usage of war.
"If i'resitlent Wilson, knowing these
provisions r.f international law, pro?
ceeds to arm American merchantmen
he must assume responsibility for the
eventuality that American seamen will
meet the fnte of Captain Fryatt '
The Captain Fryatt rcferre.l ta
in the abn\c despatch was Captain
Charles Fryatt, ?if the Great Kaster';
1 Railwa> s'eamer Brussels. He was
tried befon a German naval court
martial in hil... 1916, and -entenced to
d'-at^ on n charge that he had a'
d to ram a Gerir.a-. submarine
The sentence of the court-martial ?a*
execn-. t
Gerard Tells Wilson
Kaiser Ignores U. S.
Says Germany Will Not Mod?
ify U-Boat War?Failure
Would Aid Peace
Washington, Mardi 15. A personal
report on conditions in Germany and
the event* leading up to the break
between the country and the I
States was made to Pr?sident Wilson
to-day by .lames W. Gerard, former
American Ambassador at Merlin. Af?
terward t* '.'a; learned tii.it. there, win
nothing in the repent tu change ihe
situation from the viewpoint of the
t'mted States
Nie former Ambassador expressed
his belief that German] is staking ev?
erything ?.'i tue ruthless submarine
campaign urti that failure of this would
. .ii prospects for peart. Ile was
.??,?!: the President for more than an
hour, repeating ?ntl amplifying the
statement airead] made to Secretary
Lansing, in Which he said l,ermany
was determined to put no restrictions
the relentless operations of sub?
marines, despite the prospect of war
with the I'nited States.
'! he PTCSidenl congratulated Mr.
Gerard upon the manner in which he
handled the difficult situation in Rer
After hi? vieil to the Whit" Houee
Mr. Gerarn went to New York, where a
reception is to ?? . 'i hu honor
rre '! - plans for 'he future
ndel "?? A ?cere cold i? giving
lum trouble, and he Will seek a re?t a
Boon .iq possible.
French Army Officers
To Train U. S. Men
re 16. Five officers ha\o
hern | 1 ? the French mil
BUthorities to proceed to the j
,, :.. ? a^ military in?
rtain American :
... ] !,.. i , ,, ..
i ni ted Stati
i -? r..r |tS I - Purctul
tVasl ngton, March It \
Secretary of War Ingniham, m the al>
senea from the -.ty of Secretary
Hak-r. 'cul t?. -night that he had I.'1
knowledge of any plan to bring French ,
militar) instructors to tin-- country,
li.- di dared thal ? ed th?- Pan?
report wa? without foundation.
Two Cents?Outside
Owing to tfir- m< rrascH coat of white paper, thr prit r
?<t Iii?' 1 rilmnr outside of Greater New York is now
Two Cents on Newsstands
linn < hange in prier inrludrs Jrrsry City. Nrwark.
1 lohokrn and thr Roi ka way* <ind othrr outside points
wlirrr I fir Iribunr has hrrrt ?riling for Onr Crnt.
An ordrr to your nrwsdrnlrr is thr surr way to fjrt
your Iribunr rrgularly Irll us if your ordrrs are not
Kiew ftiyxk 2Tribune
Fir?t to i cut?th* Troth:
MimUr ',f Hi? A,,!.' Hire?,j -.f ?. irr jlatlor.i
LLl-L- ' ' M ii ^^^^=1
Czar of Russia Abandons Throne;
Army Revolts and Joins People
Nicholas II, who abdicated after twenty-two years turbulent rrign. and his Getrnan-born ? onsort.
who was susprctrd of pro-Teuton synipathirs in the present war.
Flame of Revolt Spread Swiftly j
Through Streets of Petrograd
Troops Joined People in Fighting Police, Regiment After Regi?
ment Revolted, Killing Officers; Jails Burned, Forts
Seized; City Now Quiet
Petrogra I, Mareil I
de] ' rrvolnl.ioi, ? h :i r lia- .? ?
(Var m,id destroyed
has bren one of the irkable
in history. Beginning a 'i, m nor f?""l
not> und labor strike . the ? ry fe
reached the been old ?rs, .-iii?l
one by one ti?, regiments rebelled?
until Anally those troop? which l,ml for
h ;in:c stood loy;.l t,, the covernment
gathered up their ann? and marched
into the ranks of the revolatioi
Although eoosiderable fighting
place, i' is not helioxed that ti
?initie, win exceed BOO So far as is
known, no foreign' rs ?vere injured.
The early period of the uprising, be?
ginning a ?reek ngo. bore the character
rather of a n,,,ck revolution staged for
an immens? aodieace. Coasock?
chargi-ig down the street did :-o in a
halfhearted fashion, plainly without
mallee or intent to harm tho crowds
which thoy playfully dispersed. Th?
troops exchanged g"od natured raillery
with the working mc,, and WOOMO, and
as thrx rod?, v ,re cheered bv the popu?
Marhirc Gana i ire Blanks
I.our lines of soldiers stationed u
drnmati,' atUtode? across Nevaky l'roi
pect. with th ? i r guns pointed at an
imnri"?ry foo, appeared to he taking
part in a realistic tableau. Machine
gan?, Dring roalades of blaah cart?
ridges, seen ed oui;.- to add ?nota.
touch to a trataeadea? theatric
prodaCtion, which xxas usine 'he whole
City as ? "tilge.
ghi thii pag< i ?
Uaoed without seri?os ?aterra]
Then n ;, Hash the whole -rene los
rie quality; it became a genuin.'
The regiwents had received at
from the commandant '?> tire up?"
pie afsembled m the street. This caused
immediate dissension among the
troop?, who ?d not anderetand why
they chould be compelled to take vio?
lent measure?? against fellow citizens.
ehief eaTeace wea that they were
hungry and were asking the govern*
ment to supply breed Pht Ve rnat
raginseot ?-ii? ? t its ogle .-ried
Several other? followed, ead
battle began between the uroona
Stood With the govenimor.t and those
xxhc, reioaiog ia obey ordere, had mu?
tinied. The r?!ic'-' lomed erith the
"loyal" troops.
Battle Through the Night
A long night battit occurred between
the mutinous regiments and the police
at'the end of St. Catharine I "ana", im?
mediately in front ti the historic
church built over the snot where A.ev
ander II was killed hy a bomb. The po?
lice finally fled to rooftops all over the
city, and wer? seen no more in the
streets during tha entire term of the
Still, .?n Mondav morning the reac?
tionary government troops appeared to
control all the principal squares of th*
. ". Then 'ame .-i period when it was
to dis) inga ih oui tide from
the other. There was no definite line
factions. The turning point
red to ?-onie shoal z o'?lock in the
;:oon. For two ?louis the op;
legimei I pa - ivaly confi i
etrwr alor-.R the wide I.item;. Prospect
in almos? complete . ilence.
From time to time emissaries from
the revolution?r] tide rode t.. the op
poMnir ranks and rvhorted them to join
the side of the people. For a while the
? ia? mod to bang in the balance.
The troop.-; appeared irresolute,
mg the commands of thcr offleera, who
? hes were ia doubt sa to what
they should ?lo
Port and Arsenal- Seized
Desultory ^r.n^ continued alonar tnr
I sen groups of govern
ment troops and revolution'.?!-*. But
the regiments upon whose decision the?
outcome r?.-.te.l still confronted each
other, with machine guns and rifle? la
r.-a.l i
Suddenly s fan volleys vere ea
. ? d. there ?Hs another period of
silent suspense, and the government
regiments finally marched over
the revolutionists A few hours af'et
?he first clash, this entire section of
Petrograd, in which are located the
Tiuma Building, artillery headquarters
and the chief military barracks, passed
into the hands of the revolution?r
forres, and the warfare ?wept ?ike a
tornado to other parts t>f the city.
where the scene was duplicated. In the
arxmals and the fortress of St Peter
and St. Paul i. > .? mmunition
enough were BOised to supply the civil
itionariea. A* the some tims the
political prisons were opened and 'he
? rs joined t . revolt
At ed a miracle th
revoir,. ? ita.v thoutpraarrangodplan,
arithotlt leadersh.p or argent)
could n such a short time, with com?
parative ease, achieve ? com] st?
tory over the go\ernment. But the ex
planation lay in the reluerance of the
?roops to take sides Bgainat the people
and their prompt desertion to the ranks
isa who opposed the jjovemmont.
Student? Join Soldiers
? reata wera by this
r,me remarkable. The w
wh.-re the ti rere stat onad
complet? b ? i ted by cr.
for a fow ?taring individuals.
i all I and ?I.;.-*, ng ?
'rom one si le to the
. s street hoked
? pie.
?iroups of stu'lents, easily .:
guished hy their blue caps an ;
fell into step with rough
units of rebel soldiers, and wer* joined
other heterogeneous elements
united for the time being by a cause
greater than partisan differences, t'n
? workingmen. with ragged sheep
coats, covering the conventional
peasants' costume of dark blouse and
topboota, strode side by side with well
groomed city clerks and shopkeepors.
This ?-'range army of peonle, ram
???red aa the street corners, ?houldered
their newly acquired rifle* and
marchad out te Join the ranks of the
?li-sertr-g r? gimrnts.
At nightfall only one small district
of the city, containing the W?r Office,
admiralty buildings, St. Isaacs Ca?
thedral and the Astoria military hotel.
still resisted the onslaught of the revo?
lutionary force? and the battle for the
posaession o? Petrograui came to a dra?
matic conclusion, (n the Admiralty
j buil?i . - Mi -iistets se
' crctl'. fat - ? - ? ? , ?? ami
, the |g
government were drawn up a? a guard.
Building N Besieged.
neil sal in the la.-.t
meeting -xhicj, they wer" destined te
hold th? building xxa-t surrounded and
; the besiegers poure?! nile and machine
' gun lire noon th?- defenders. For a
dey continued,
by a etea ide and the en
scattered for the nearest shelter, some
' of the people being compelled to
the nigh' in c. :- corridors
ot office bo they
'"our;.i ref?
Toward room ii l idden
lull, broken b1-- exultant shouts, which
?ieepeperi into a roar uni xxa< sue
ceoded hy Uta "Boa ian Revolutionary
Mar?- The regim' i
Bg the Admin I surrendered hnd
gonn over to th?- side of the revolu
?lori?' .
The ministers m the Admiralty
hu.1,Ung -vere then arrested, ..rid the
an national color- were ret
the red flag of the revelation
Although sporadic fighting continued
between 'mall groups until Wednes?
day, tin "*au ?? of th?- people" had
Business 1? KeNumed
I -,-.la y n a
week's nightman- of revolution and
figuratively ?miled under a brilliant
flood ot sunshine following the
of gray ?lays which ended with a snow?
storm yeeterda) evening. Planks wer*
pulled down from Window? long closed
. nariK- and bosiocaa establish
description r. ..p. :.? ??
- imption of ord:
t ary ?? ? i la "he new
temporal \ . t gained ii '?-?ree.
Truck sledgea and little sleighs for
mire, the most widdy appreciated ?n
renia .---an cities, began to
appear agaii i- h for
??? ri absolutely void of
any means of pr ;?,,nation.
Newspapers, srit the < ?ception of
.,; y publications which sprat.g
into life erith the success of ti
volt, had failed to appear. Street car
ee at noon n resented,
but it wai red that night would
? ? . ' ' '
still peering .. eloed of smoke skyward,
sr.?! bl
other | the homet
few Individuell "-ho were re
gnrded a-~ offenders again-t. the rights
of the people. In front of other gov?
ernment luatitutiona, which appurer.tly
it wa? not seen fit to destroy, were
piles of charred embers showing where
wreckage and documents had been
dump.-d and COB IUUM 1
With the reopening of bread, sugar,
tea and meat shops ! ne? of women
-hopping bags and baskets lined
up, often te the length of a block, to
replenish ?tore? exhausted by the long
?:ege The noel phenomena', feature of
the revolution has been the swift and
orderly transition whereby the control
of the eitj axes? 1 from the regime of
the old government into the hand? of
its opponents.
!?? ima mi i !?? 11 ?aim mm ii
ATLAST'' '"AST UM-: ?4 **??? r.;.-c ,
i". IjghteU Trama D?l,^. IDS U??>.?
Durna Leaders in Complete Control
After Fierce Battles; Protopo
poff Reported Killed
New Cabinet Is Formed;
Prince Lvoff Now Premier
Grand Duke Michael Is Chosen Regent?Pro
German Forces Are Crushed?*Push the
War' Party Is Triumphant
Petrograd, March lo.?The Em?
peror of RtlSlia hu abdicated, and
(?rand Duke Michael Alexandro
vitch. his younger brother, has been
named as regent. The Russian Min?
i-try, duurgtd with corruption and
incompetence, has been swept out of
office. One minister, Alexander
ProtopopofT, head of the Interior
Department, is reported to have been
killed, and the other ministers, as
I well ta the President of the Im?
perial Council, are under arrest.
The Duma, the progressives and
the army are in complete control,
and a more vigorous prosecution of ;
the war is promised.
\ new national Cabinet is an?
nounced, with Prince Lvoff as presi?
dent of the council and Premier, an !
the other offices held by the men who
are close to the Russian people. Tho
members of the new national Cab?
inet are announced as follows:
Premier. President of the Coun.'il and
Minister of the Interior Prince
Korean Mir:?trr Professor PAL L N.
Minister of Pubic Instruction Pro
M WIU.OFF, of Moscow T*ni- i
Mims'er o' War and Navy, ad interim i
A. J. GUCHKOPP, 'ormerlv President ?
of the Hum?.
f Ar n mu?
GABEPF. Deputy from Petrograd.
Minister ef Finaoea M. TBlf ?
TENKO, Depatj from K i
M t. Dopal. kKRF.N
Miaiater al i "mmunications V I
NFKRASOFF, Vice -Pr?sidant of the
Controller af sute- M. GOIHIWP,
Pepu'y from Kazan
Demand F'arliamentary
Go eminent
The revolution was brought about
by a union of the Durna, the army
lie people. The President, of
th" Durna, Michael V. Rudzianko.
?a ; the leading rtrrure amone the
Deputies, who unanimously decided
.he imperial order for a
itioil 0? til?' HotlM. They con
?tinued UM ami KI. Rod
lianko informed the Kmperor, then j
at the front, that the hour hml
struck when the will of the people
must prevail.
Even the Imperial Council realized
the gravity of the situation an?i add
ed its appeal to that of the Durna
that the Kmperor should take step?.
to ir:vt- the people a policy ami ?"'?'
eminent in accordance with their de?
ni order thai, there should be no
[ntl rferenee with carrying on the
wai '.? a victorious ending
The Emperor hastened back from
the front, to meet a new (rovernment '
and atlemai.il for parliament irj gi ?
eminent, lie abdicated.
The following ?rere named oa the
"staff" nf the temporary (rovern
ment: Michael V. Kodzianko, N. V.
NoJtraOOff, A. I. Konovaloff, L I.
DmitrukoaT, A. F. Ktrtnokj, M. S.
Pahkeidse, V. V. Shulgin, S. I. Shid
lorsky, Paul N\ Mihukoff. M. \.
I auloff. V. \. I.volf. V. A
y and < olonel Knjrelhard.
Th?- government waa then declarad
: aimultoneoualy M
that all the mu >
except M. Protopopoff, had realigned.
II Itatad that General M
V. A.exifff. former chief of staff,
had Keen offered the military dicta-,
Mams Delay
Means Death
The first mes?a*re from M. Rod-1
zianko to the Kmperor was as foi-,
lows :
"The situation ?I grave. Anarchy
rei^n? in the capita!. The gnvern
mer.t ia paralysed. The transport of
provisions and fuel is completely die*
organised ?ieneral di.->a tis fact ion i
is Blowing. Irregular nfie firing is
occurring in the streets. It is nec
essary b3 charge immediately some
person trusted by the people to form
a new government. It is im|Kissihle
to linger, since delay means death.
Praying God that the responsibility
in this hour will not fall upon n
crowned head."
Later President Rodzianko sent
the following to the Kmperor:
"The position is htvomin? more
serious. Ii is imperativo that, imme?
diate measures he taken, bacanOM t"
morrow will ho too late. The last
hour has come, when the fate of th?
fatherland and the dynasty is hei nur
decided "
Similar telegram* were son^ to all
the commanders at the front, with an
nppeal to use their influence with
the Kmperor in support of the
Duma's action. General Alexih Bru
siloif. commander in chief of the
armies of the Southwestern front,
and General Nicholas Ruzsky. com
maiMstir of the Northern armies, re
plied promptly.
The former sent this message
"Have fulfilled my ?lut y before
fatherland and Kmperor." General
Ru/sky's reply read: "Ctnilili?hill
The new Rus.?ian Cabinet is a
coaliMon government. It represents
the Oetobriat, the Constitutional
Democratic and the [?abor parties of
the Durna. The German influer,, i
?'[-pears now to be entirely eliminate,)
from the go\crnrrrcnt of Rt
Czarina a Captive,
London Hears; Fled,
Petrograd Reports
London, March lfi. A Petrograd
despatch to the "Daily Chronicle."
dated Wednesday, oays the Kmpros"
of Russia has boen pia?e<i under
gu.i rd.
Petrograd, March IS. The Km
pi'-ss, who, u i allegad, hal ban in
floentia] In the eo4jncila oppootd to
the wishes of the people i <poite?l
to have fled or to tie in hiding.
Revolt Will Help
Allies, Bonar Law
Tells Commons
Bt ' ' .
London, March Jo. Aimoune
merit that Russia had overthrown
the autocratic government and
joined the ranks of progressive na?
tions was received here with un?
mix',i joy. For months it has b?een
ki,own that the p?eople. who wish to
push the war to a finish, have been
curbed by the bureaucrats.
The nowa of the sudden abdiea
: Um ' /.ii w3- made by Bonar
Law to-r.ight in the HottM of Com?
mon. Held by I acr. the censorship
until the new? rame from Merlin, the
story of th" tremendous three day?
was tolu lo-dav.
The "Pus: (Jw War" part,y, in?
cluding the Durna, the army and the
rnpriaon th?- r<
nctionary Cabinet ami sweep away
the pro-German bureaucracy? which,
for th<- loot eighteen month?, has
Leen a't4mpting to hamper the con?
duct of the war. Its* IM was
complete, so far as a<hices here in
IVtrograd. Moscow and
Kronstadt, the great naval nase. are
kDOWB to bt completely in the hands
?'t the revolutionaries, and the gen
erais at the tront are cooperating
erith them.
Reactionary Leaders
Reported killed
All that could be xaptured of the
pro-German bureaucrats are in
prison. It is reported from Stock?
holm that Alexander D. Protopopoff.
Minister of the Intepior, and Bon? -

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