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Sturmer, former Premier, the lead
itN of t! . .irii's. ha' I killed. There ii no c< nfirmation of this, and the iadicationj are to t ? trary. Petrograd dispatches under Wem ' .:y the two min I. ters and other prominent men who v. i e arrested ? sre comfortably honoed m the Tauru ?lent i I "TI ' ' -aw them there on W M. Sturmer wus with pap* ind M. ProtopopofT v. as lying on a sofa, a i hysiral wreck. The yarr Petragrad, ' - upon by the rsoctionarisa to tief?" ? them against the people, n i m the rebellion. The bureau? th? n sttos ptod to bring troops from Finland to ippre-s the revolt, but they n go. It waa then thal Kronstadt was sei/.ed. ilel.-dng . wileri' a ps are ,-tiii loyal to the old jr<?\ernme:tt, i- being besieged. Two deputies from the Duma, M. Pepelauff and M. To at ones wenl to Kr.ii. ia.it and took the ?ommand. The I at the front win n the disturbances broke out, and a series of v appealing for his aid were sent by the revolutionary lead? ? treme msaSUNS. When the ministry was ousted lie returned to in- paiace, where the Czarina ia said to have re? m.iinnl. a.al waa waited upon by a committee of the Durna, which pre 1 an appeal for a parliament? ary form men*. He was informed at thi DM that the revolution wa- not anti monarchial and that the future would depend on his answer. Prefers Abdication lo Loas of Power The answer has not been received and the whole cause 0? the abdica? tion is still mott obscure, hut frorn the fact that he gave up bil crown it ii taken for granted here that he preferred this to making any con n which would in any way limit Iii- own autocratic power. It is known that he ha.> held a strong conscientious belief in the divine right of kinjj--:. Well informed Rus here decline that he could not have commanded the support of a single important general if he had attempted to meet the revolutionaries with force. According to information received here, the Russian people have been most distrustful during recent events of the personal influence of Krnpress Alexandra. She was supposed to exercise the greatest influence over Kmperor Nicholas,. Before her mar? riage to the Kmperor of Russia, In 1, she waa the German Princess Alix of Hans Darmstadt In his announcement to the Com? mons, Chancellor Bonar Kaw paid: "Only to-night a mssssgl has been received from our ambassador to the effi -t that a statement from the Durna announced that the En had abdicated, and that Grand Duke Michail Akzsndrovitch had been ap? pointee regent, "Thi re is 6ome comfort for us in the comparative tranquillity with which this change was conducted. There i. also real comfort that all the go\ernn.ent'8 information shows that the movement was not in any toward an effort to I ' . "On the contrary, the di. content ? the govemm? carrying on the war, but for r rying it on with that efficiency and tnergy which the people had ex? pect. \ 1 nels Underground Man?uvres In fact, the liberal friends of country were never f the future of the A country than to-night, and they, sa f well as all wl a v;. itJon 0f the war, ) are ? . vslop | ment % | the pro-Germa; of thi ? Rii? Fia. . ? ..f period o? 11 Ftruction i . able to throw her BtrsUgUl into the war far y than al been able I li li ah ? ? st at all likely that there will be any further under? ground peace nuinceuvres going on in Russia. Sthetk co? ition of ' with the other ailie, ready it I i that the si sadors ti Britain an 1 Francs have -I official busineea relations with Um new rulers. It Is 4 ST leader- ?.f the Durna and the Zesaotvi ?ution 4-nd that it had bsSS BSSSt ?arefully t a- ' ad Por moi ? t il hail St the hand:- of the army SJSTI rod by tin ? ? home were starving in the mwist of yr*&' The attempts I v the psople through the Duma ts roach the Casr ha Lnavailir p, and the i ?? of the Durr, a ? ? at arehiesl,o; i ?> a battle botWSSS UM m1' I the ok ' I I f?jpr to \>i toost vigor, ene/.gy ni Sftihsj all three hating the Germans indi ? nina a nnMon. Pro-Germans Blamed I or 1 nod Riots The recent food rioti m the R Man cities, which formed the f?>r the revolution, were not caused ,.r conditions. ,n the opinion of ..a-, but by the roachinal of the pi ? ' . a ho havt been Imprisoned. They are declared to ba\?- boen trying to force the nation to ?i promatarc peace by fore : through disorganiz.'i lion of tin food supply. Against. clique men of all clown and all ? [)inions have now revolted. No x "tu ' . ed in the war has undergone I worse time than I a i: n ria re ? ntly. With three haixf-fs unexpoited, every part of the country has- been suffer? ing from want of food, even the wealthy frequently being unable to buy bread and meat for love or money. Meanwhile, the articles of primary consumption, like nutter, milk, oil, coal? leather and soap are e<iually scarce. The Russian?- recognize that there monak dislocation, due to the war, but tiny also know that the I shortage ii about !?."> per .!,'? to tia?.sport difficulties It ?I a case of the aristocracy anti ns. I$t is a case of the aristocracy ai d the democracy uniting for the com? mon good. The first step was the killing of Rasputin, the wild ami re? actionary monk who had such power OVOT the Czar. Gives Durna Control The revolution was as successful a it wa> sudden. It has given com? plete control of the government of Russia to the Durna, backed by the army, and what is tanned the "Pu.-h the War l'ai ty" ii now in power. The revolution, which evidently Wai carefully prepared, broke out simultaneously in Petrograd and Moscow. The garrisons, which c ? yod the instructions of the revolu? tionaries, immediately took pOMOO Hoii of these cities. All pro-German reactionaries are being rounded up by the new govern? ment. Strict military rule pre? vails, and the army has the situation IO well in hand that it is not ex pected adherents of the late govern? ment will be able to offer any serious ance, even in remote provinces. Renter's Petrograd correspondent sends the following dispatch, under date of March 14 : it correspondont has been in the streets both night and day for the last three days. He has seen lines of hungry men, women and children, and has goon th? wan? ton tiring of rifles and machine guns and civil war In the main thorough i a i ingle word against war. Fighting In Barracks The military ia .Petrograd is tak? ing orders from the committee and ( the city, which is quiet. The fighting which occurred was in the barracks, and a number of offi? cers were killed. The Grand Duke Cyril informed the Doma that he would place at its disposal the marines under his or? nad afterward visited M. Rod? zianko in the Durna and told him that he v.a- entirely at Rodzianko's order?. The people of Moscow adhered to the revolutionary movement without ?lied. The Militan.- Committee of the Duma/* says Reuter's Petrograd cor? in a dispatch dated ??-?lay. "ha- asked all the offi? cers not yt employed by the com? mittee to undertake the organization Of the Midien who joined the people und help guard the capital. The committee usuel a statement point? ing out that at the present moment, when facing ai enemj who wish take advantage of the temporary f ?he eouatry, it was eb toly necessary to make every of to maintain the power of the army. It added 'hat the blood of the I uns who have died during the two and a half years of war pledged the people to do this. Telegraphed Io Fleets "The President of the Durna sent telegram? t?> the commanders of the Baltic and Black Si a Meets, to the - of the armies on the Northern, Southwestern. Western, Rumanian and < . ffonl g1 ,1 to th. chief of the General Stall rec, w,g that the army and navy pre absolute calm and lo bo sail that gainst the foreign enemy wa no1 luspended or weak or a ?ingle moment. The mi.-i.iiKi'-r added : i valiantly ? ? igjonaJ committed Is aided by tpitali moral support of the alta gi ! w ?rular ? fl er, loldii r and lid fulfill hi? duty.' of the Petto; ling anani? .- aer? < d to n- OgnJ. ? oi ii ? ( thi committee ? til 'h' format. ? ? ' government ia] bodyguai I regii to da It i, ulunuU'l th,at Lhcie art liov, ?'J/A'J ' troops in the capita!. The political ; prisoners in the Schloeeeelburg have been released " "During the revolution,'' M] a Keuter ?iispauh from Petrogra?!. "the hated Kreaty prison wa? seized by the revolutionist! sftsr ? abort resistance by ita guards. All the political prisoner? held there, includ? ing the members of the wollun i ' group, snooted a month a?", were liberstsd. The same course was fol? lowed at the preliminary detention ? an.l the women's prison. I '? ? ? ?? beadquartera were demo, un??i with all the archive lating to political personages and or? ganization-. "Among thi i ,f,?i were Bishop Pitrim, the Metropolitan of Petrograd; If. Kurloff, who was in charge of the police arrangement? at me of the murder of Premier \ Stolypm. an?! whose activities have been renewed recently, anti (?encrai Soukhomlinoff. former Minister of War. Troops and People Declare for Revolution Petrograd, Mnrch li.- The pnrrisun ?t Kharkov ha? formally joined the revolution and is supporting the pro ii covornment. Strikes in ?ym r with the movement have he?", :n factories and on the streetcar ? Kharkov in the capital of the prov? Of the same name It is 480 miles south of Moscow and ha?? a population of about 200,000. Moscow, Rejoicing, Rallies to the Cause Of New Government London, March 15.?"Moscow, th?; ancient capital of Russia, resounds w.'h popular rejoicings over the over? throw of the government," (.ays Reu? tet 'i Moscow correspondent. "The offi. Cers have rallied to the new national gol?< rnment, ?uni a military commit!??' ha-, been formed to preserva order and reg?lete food supplies. The committee i backed b> ? brigade of artillery, Bri ? ota of infantry and the armed I eral Droseraky, commander of roopi in the Moscow district, has been arrested. .Mote than a thousand pol?n- and gendarmas also have been arrested ana brought to the Town Hall Ali tha polit ra! prisoners in the great Butynky Prison hflvp been released ?'The eities of Kharkov and Nishnl Novgorod, 'he lot ter the cnpitul ol' the province or' the ame narrie, have de< , dared for the ni sr truvernnient.' Army and NavyBack Durna Bonar Law Tells Commons London, March IS, In the House of ! Commons to-night Sir James Henry i I, Liberal, questioned tin gev* ? rnment concerninjf the situation in I Andrew Honur Law, ( hancel lor of the Exchequer. ? ving: | "I quite agri ? that in a matter cf this gravity it is the government's ! duty, if it ?s in their power, to eve the house nil the information could be ...?;> imparted. I am ? ? . | . ." i on. ? proper plat a i formati n of thi kind hould bl ? "Th.- ftral nowa thi ? had rouble in Roaaii ?? L It was I that I ? t?o-n the | information, 'l'y degree) ? became plan Petrograd i i ng mor- or less ' und< r oi lered rall ib I that m - ? ?? raia avai rhieh the Presidsnt of. 111- I .. : eil i,: eent roi. Al most from the outset the soldiei .sailor-, i...ve t?r. n tha sida at I Durna in trie revolution. In? result has EH SB, .fi.rni.ir,?." reached tha gerernoaeat, that there ha? not bean any -?nous los? of hi?' " Berlin Gets First Official Report Of Revolution Petrograd Uprising Begun March 12r After Duma Defied Czar's Ukase 30,000 Soldiers Revolt Cabinet Ministers Thrown in Jail and Provisional Rule Inaugurated ! , raitt ftuturi ni the Rusoiom roeolaftoa w thnt the fini of it tame to the outside world in the following dispntek frota Ber? lin. S'o other tOUTCt htti yet ?iub lith?d the text of ti"' r'atrmmt which it contents, and ?kick wau eiulently issued btfon the resolution un? complet i. Berlin, March |S hv wirele-s to Seyvtlle). There ha? been a success fal revolution m Russia, according to th? overseas Nowa Agency (th? official ? erman news bureau' The followia| statement uas jivi-n oat to-dav by the rews agency: The following official report was i in Petrograd on March 14 about the successful Russian revolution: "The population of Petrograd, in? censed by the complete disorganiza? tion of transport services and of ali? mentation, had been irritated for a long Um? against the government and had becomo restless. The population held th-s government responsible for all its sufferings. The government, expecting trouble, took measures on a large seile in order to maintain order ard. among other things, ordered dis? solution of the Council of the Empire and the Durna. Durna Defies Imperial I kase "The Durna, however, on March 11 decided not to accept the imperial ukase, but to continue its meetings. The Durna immediately instituted an executive committee, presided over by M. Kodzianko, preiolent of the Durna. That committee, declared itself to be a proviaii na] go. ??ruinent and issued the ? g appeal : "'? oi .- the difTiciiltie i in re gmrd to domestic tranquillity, winch aro to thl D4 i.? y o:' t lu :,,ria. r vT"-. - i ?. the exeeut re committee of the Duma feels compelled to take pub? lic order ?a It? own hands. Fully con iciou? ?f th? responsibility arising from this deeiaiOB the committee ex ilnty that th? popula t;,.!! and the army will lend their assistance fu| th? ???ilicuh task of n, ?Ung B BOW government which will ac Cepl th? wiebea of the people and enjoy their ? All Ministers Put in Jail "The executive committee rested it pOi the population "f the capital, full revolution, and upon lintel with tht r? rolutioniat?. It am sted a,? tho min ? | then te jail. Th? Isred lhat the ministerial ? ? ? po longer 1 ??istod. on th? third day of the revolt:- pit? ?I 01*04 t I? returning swiftly, is completely in the of the ,.\.. .*.:?. ,? eommttte? of the Du ' roepe e ii ch gar rii.I Petrograd and numbered more i -apport th.? revolution. Dei i i ! agelbara, I olonei Great Gi aeral StarT, has been appointed commander of Petrograd by the comm!'tee. Ti tterdey ?vening the commit'ee i? i?ued preclemetieai te the population, troops, ra.'rouds and banks, ask? ing thom te reeum? theil usual ac I ' pul Jf ( ii 00 U xx ;? - ei.ns, ,; by the Dub I ? for provisional management ?>f the Petrograd Teleg raphic Ag acj fhii probably refers Russian news I Revolt in Russia Kindled By Strikes and Food Riots Populace Convinced That Czar's Advisers Were Traitors To Nation?Hunger Pinched Thousands?Plot For Separate Peace Was Suspected Petrograd, March 15. Last week's factory Strikes arid -tree', demonstra tiOUS, comparatively innocent in them -, provided tha ^-park which set aflame the growing unrest and arigrj discontent that pervaded the i population of Ruaaia, Thus ?mau a I flotations of hungry factory workers .- foi bna?i changed in ?? ?to a revolution uh eh swept the whole city, spread to the government troops who had been called to hold the i rowd? in check, and. supported by the Duma, end'.d in the downfall of the j.overnnient. The revelations in the Duma of gov eminent stupidity and corruption, and allegations of treason against the chief members of the Cabinet, sent a of protest thrOVgn the country, and all small resc group, Winch *till cherished traditional ideas < f th? sid n. a Inch exited h? fore '? red a constitution, ii? elan d themsi misst the sinister infl. en undrimining the beal effort i i eeuotry succesafully to ian?, eu the war. Kven the Imperial l SUneil. which .? eon li - ..I lillie.! lt?elf with the P' . will, held spec iii meetings, m whick at? . v.?i. called to rh?. "?.?-i loos eon* dition brought hy the gnscrapuloui dei 'm! heu.ls." "Hark Forte?," I'ro-l,ernuiii With an mlmity unpreredented, the : f.v :ite.I ,i frort ?gain-; iii?- government, The br l"' prevailed everywhere and wa ? i that pre (Jenson court cirri?.* anti the g?. ira dell ?? every* thing m theil power to Interfere with the proper eendui I "f the war and bring about .-i peace. .'.n asd Protopopoff 11 aqua trio, kiiown aj chief ame.. rected. Bul , . clarad to se o als of German influence which wa? ? ? I the mi of ti i ? i ? pla for ? ?.f. i ti.?- i.??.. and the temoval of J turmrr from the | j rremier?h?p the name ministerial la* Alienee, wearing s new maali in the form of a changed Cahir.et, Durna effl . ali dec arad, atill flourished with no? diminished strength. Direct appeals ware mads to th.. Emp?rer bj u!l ?orts ..f representative bmiie? and influential officials to sum- the country from the ?' reatened It and to ap 1 point a now Cabinet which might en? joy the eonfldenee or* the people Hut th?. government, except for empty Concessions and Compromises remained obdurate te all appi-jl*. and showed not th?> sh(ihte?t inclination to ehaage the direction of it,? policy or to *r<eilt- io th? ?I'niand? more and more , inu'lly expressed. thought I't-Miluiii.n Impossible It wa- the epiniea of the majority i of the ili-put'.i in the Durna that, de* . spite th - Itatc ef affair?, an open ? revolution waa kmpoaaible, as ihr eountr) realized? that .1 revolution wouKi serloualy int'-rrupt the work of tbs war un.l would be paying into the of tho^e who had this very end lew, Open lette! were printed in the papers from popular Duma li ?tiers an.! nroclamntions were 1 usted in ti n sent ?. begging tti*? population not te create demon* ? ?n? or eau-?' am disorders which 1 might le.nl te interruption of the ifactura of munitiena or paralyse al actil ity of the city. already arranged for "?Ian h 6, including a gen?'ral --trike ? the Durna of a ? gmen, wera in averti ?I Hu', the moment was S ' o?'.1, a>- bv th:> '.min ; sople, "? ho wera e.onvini ed I iio> were being 1 tplc ted by the government, received what lered te be tha .as' proof of the meiTU :.?;,? \ und corruption af 'heir own government when they were n; j 1 ?ed that th?' already insufficient supply of fool hsd become ?till more meagre and that for some day? it woulil be nece.si-ar, to go without bread altogether. Pat es1 I 'i leag -u?Tci hit- by 11 to?) much foi the popula* <? < ' f'etrograd, who kn^w that the ip*?? r 1 ? 1 of Rui?ia wat storel ? I til immense quantities of gram and all i-. ins, and, a ith<<tit an\ other motive at firnt than to voice . mond .'o' breed I s peuple ? teta and the demon* . san which ??Jon kindled, into a revolution. ' I Pro-German Bureaucrats Caught in Their Own Trap Russian Chiefs, Doomed to Play Kaiser's Game, Waited Too Long Before Attempting to Check Indignation of People By ISAAC DON I.FVIM ? The |ong-dr,i-.x n-out conti the Ru?sian democracy and autocracy has noxv end- ,1 dramatically complete triumph of the former. The citadel of reactionism on earth is no more. No greater triumph for th? cause of civilization and freedom has l,?en registered m history since the French Revolution. The incalculable consequences o'' this epochal event become apparent only from a review of the causes and forces ' responsible for '.t. The Rus? sian revolution is entirely a product of the war. Had there been no xxar, had Rusria not been allied with the great democracies of Europe, Czarism xvould still be rampant to-day in the great Slavic empire. For the forces that accomplished the change in the Russian government are not the usual revolutionaries of Rus? sia. The iudustrial classes and the peasantry which rebelled in 190a did not lead this time. There were no revolutionary propagandists, no agita? tors. No separate parties and factions existed in Russia on the eve o' the revolt. The masses felt that some? thing was ia the air, but they were kept in ignorance ot the coming coup. Pru -slanism Hated by Democracy Ard the .eaders of the revolution aie Russia's finest and ablest sons. The chiefs of the armv, the Durna, the Imperial Council, the great social or? ganizations working for the prosecu? tion of the war and many high court offleials and relatives of the Czar com? bined for the first time in Rus-ian history, against the small cli?,ue of (iermanophiles controlling the Ru-'-ian government. No revolution could nee? been successful without such a Com? bination. And such a comb ii could never have been created ??thou? the issue of the present war, the struggle b'tween democracy an?l Pru. ?lanisst, The Russian bureaucracy made a fatal blunder when it catered tin- xxar on the side of France against Prus-ia. For no two po'itical in-titutions were ??ver more closely related to each other than Prussianism and Ciorism. The place of Russian bureaucracy In the great conflict ragiog to-day in Europe was attie bv side with Prussia. Elut the Czar's advisers realized it only when it was too late. Their feate xxas sealed. The future of Russia's democracy was aaaared by Russia'? participation la th? struggle. When th? xxar broke out the Rus? sian Durna ?as a conservative body Three months later the lame Durna xxas air? a?iy progronhro, and even militant. How did this transforma? tion come about? Only through the natura of the present war. Corruption I- Revealed The Russian goverameut was unable !?, meet the aaormoo? demanda mad? upon it by the straggle without the Darna'? eedperatioa. And whea the conservative but honest Durna ap? proached th, governYni-nt closely for th? purpose of OaoperatlBg :n th? prosecution of the war it dis?., the indescribable corruption, igno raaee, incompetence and di dominating the whole governmental plant. The same thinxr happened in the army, the setnstvos sad other public bodies that came m close contact xxith the government in connection with the business of the war. The appalling con? dition* prevailing in the official organ? ism opened the eyes even of the most conservative and loyal citizens Men xvho were the -t,inchest supporter? of Csarism taraed m a short tim? into radicals. High army officers, honest but reaetieaory tchinovmks, patriotic members ?,f the court, soon became revolutionaries at heal?. Disaster Was Expected Rut all these elements, the Durna in? cluded, believed that revolution m Rus nu during tile xv.ir vxuui.l mt .1., di-asti r te the Allied chu-? Tiny therefore contlned their activities toward th.? im? provement of the government. Hut their kio ?sa was practically nil, for it soon became apparent that the Ru-s;un gee? t rnment was a nest of treason; that 'he pro-German elements in the court were dominating Russia, ami that los? ing the xxar. und not xvinnitig it, xxas the chief uhjoct of the C/.sr's advisers. The Minister of War, SukhomlinorT, betrayed his country in return for Ger? man gold. This betrayal COS! Russia hundreds of thousands of soldiers killed and captured anti tens of thousands of miles ol' its ?hoieeel territory. But this betrayal did nut proxoke the Rus? sian democracy to revolutionary out barst?. For this democracy did not desire to jeopardize the Allies hy weak .- Russia internally. When the government, however, he gan systematically to \xeaken Rasaia'i rear; xxhen interna! conditions were carefully and gradually brought to a ?tate of chaos an<l disorganization by th? authonti?'-? themselves; when all the efforts of certain high officials were directed toward destroying the back bone of the pi my -the transportation tratest?iba leaden of the, army and the democracy realized that the gov? ernment was working ? ? of affairs developed ?bo it a >ear ago. Boris Stunner, a r?-.. ary and pro-German, became Rus^.a's Premier. Ile got his high po?t thanks .1 H tenes of Rasputin, the monk, laminated the Csai ead the Csar* ina. R.isputin was the centre of a of charlatans and German Raaputia'a favor was ?ufficient to make one a miniat Russia, is I a beiu-wd in s ita peace between Russia >nd iny, it ?a obvious why he sup st iniii. A close collaborator of liasputm, an International swindler aid spy, Ifeuooeviteh-llanuilov, bo . private secretary of the Rus? sian Prime Minister 8 ace tuen a baale royal waa s in Russia, a battle on which the fate of civilisation hinged. On one side wa a Rasputin, St?rmer, severa! court ? .y unos and some reactionary icrata. Thase will so down in h tory as the "dark forces." On '?? r hand Stood the arm; . the Duma, the nobility, the entire out on Suffering I'nites I nuntry Never was Rt-na -?o united a? in the last few months. The chaos created by the government caused the suffering ef all. Policemen, tchinovnik, Cossues: or workingman were alike affected by the lack of food. In this sense, the food difficulties precipitated the revo? lution. For they intensified popular feeing against the government. They niede the people think more than ever before. And this led to a realization on the part of the entire nation that the government was traitorous, lneom petent an?i inefficient. ares the foundation upon which the success of the revolution rested Tht Ros?los government had no sup? port whatsoever in the rnnks of the nation. It was wholly and purely the creation of a few intriguers. It was supported by i ot more than two or three hundred people In the empire. It ia true, these people were among the most influential in the country, but without the gurport of a large popular following the government coud not exist. Conditions became critical in Russia last November. The disorder in the food supplie? strained the relations be tween the government and the democ? racy to the extreme. When the Dum? convened the nation waited breathless? ly for the coming developments. The loader ef the Duma. Mlliukoff. bitterly attacked Premier St?rmer. Thi? attack led to the resignation of St?rmer. Protopopoff Retained Place For a moment it seemed that the Duma had triumphed. Hut Protopopoff, tl s Minister of Interior, who wa? a proteg? of Ra?put:n und a friend d"f Stunner, retained his post in spite of hil protest?. The newly appointed Pre* mier, Trep.off, wa? anxious to get rid of Protopopoff. But the latter'! connec? tion with Rasputin secured his position. The situation grew more and more acute every day. Dark rurrjors of a separate pence spread from Rus ?a. The army was aroused as rever before. For the Rus sian army wants to vindicate its He f. at- m Poland. The Russian army and the Russian people firmly believe that had it not been for tho govern '? trea?on Poland and Lithuania would never have been lost to the Teutons. An attempt was made by ?nmo of tht lending figures in the Durna and in the army to reconstruct the government by the elimination of Rasputin. The monk was killed about ten w-eks ago It was hoped that that would lend to the over? throw of the hated Protopopoff. But instead UVsaeood the downfall of Tre poff. And Protopopoff's power increased even more. New Repressive Measure? Protopopoff inaugurated a ?erie? <sf repressive measures that were euleu luted to paralyse Russia's lighting cu paeity in a bri"'' time. The big sec n1 organizations cooperating with the War Ministry in the prosecution of the war VOie put hy him under police regu'a tion. The army and the Durna made every effort to eua! Protopopoff. Hu' h?- was invincible. He de: ed all Russia lie became a aaeuoeo that had to be re? moved ut all coats Protopopoff thus precipitated the i evolution. Me und St?rmer are re? port-d k.lied. That end? the career of the "?lark force?" m Russia. All that is eflC'ient and intelligent in that country will now come t<i the front. A new leaf has been turned in the his? tory of the great S'mvlc nation. There can be no doubt thut hence? forth Russia will be rule?! in the man tier of Great Britain. The fact that Michael Rodzianko, the President of the Durna, is the head of the executive Committee responsible for the revolu t'on. mea.is that Russia is to have a tully constitutional form of severn* ment wttn a Ministry responsible to the Durna, The appointment of Prince Lvoff Premier is in itself of tremendous im portanec. A man of high ideals and wonderful ability, he will tirsr of all orgunisi the nution for the prosecu? tion of the struggle against Germany. In this wi-irk he will have the Coopere-. Don of th? entire nation. Wall Street Calm Over Russian Crisis - Rubles Hold Firm and Stock Market Shows Barely Any Effect from Revolt Wall Street refaced tS ?" come excited I play over tue news o' the revo-' lution in Rasais. The stock market,! in recent ?reek? ha? become in-' ured to development? of a nature to produce a shock in the financial world, remeioed impervious to thi suggestion that this latest political disturbance might be fcrriaching ia It? conse qut ncea. Plica? Meed off somexxhat when the repoli ?rel carne out OB the t ckers, but tra ' ' aaytbiag, became even more lluggiah 'han It lud been before. Subsequent.y there was a tendency to recovery. The txchaog? >'..' of the Russian ruble wa? maintained flmilv at If II Coate, unch*ng*d from Wednesday I.aat week the ruble ?it a new low r?c ord of 27.? > cents. Sine? then there has been some slight improv?>m?nt, al? though tht value o' th? ruble still re i.iatni far ivliw the norma! rato of >'..? cent? '. r.? presen ..-citation rep? resents a ataeocat of about ti per cent The Russian government has placed in Ulli market ?inc.? the beginning of the vi.r two eoai aggregating *7r,,iiu", 1 la? WOI i 11 :e? j iLi is?ue for 180,000,004, ?old en I ?>?? per cent basis, which matura* In l'Jl?. The 1 olh?r waa fet K'?.'-XiOjJO'^tutining fer' fivo year? at Isa per cent, ?old on a; basis to yield t>\ per cent. This issue osaturas in Ittl. Htsid? s the?e external operations there have boen sale? of Russian in? ternal bonds in large volume, taken '? largely by ?'ecu atore, Besides these u small amount of Russian Treasury i derstood to be bald by a few munitions makers, who accepted them in lieu of cash. Also some cred? its have been extended by New York burks to Russian banks, though the ?mount of ?uch lending is said to be small. Hankers raid that they did not be? lieve the developments "at Petragrad would aerieualj affect the position of these Russian ob.igations. There was, ho'Tever, a decline yesterday in Rus? sian aovernment honds fiuoted in this mark", the >*aa falling from s;tN ,,, II . ?? loss of I', points on dealings , of 150,001 The llfea, on dealing? of f i i 0 " , sold 'lorn ^?-i ?| to 14H They c1 ed Wednesday a' 15 Quotations1 on RusaiSS nternsl bonds here were proeticaUy unchanged. TRY KNABE TUNERS FOR YOUR PIANO 437Fifth?ve. Phoa*-3CK)!Vdfiaerbih ????^^?^^^*^****#??************?*ja*f*f**? Soldiers, Priests And Workmen In Duma's Army Thousands Flock to Parlia? ment Building to Join Civilian Forces Rebels Cheer for British Attache Colonel Engelhard, a Deputy, Is Placed in Command at Petrograd Petrograd, March 15. The scene at the Durna before the revolution was in full Barn? xxas ?xtraerdiaary. The mem bcrs stood about the broad corridors talking calmly, the serious priest mern-j :.g black goxvn?, with flow? ing hair, ead members from th?; prov? inces in top boots and blousen mingling with well groomed und frock-coated representative?. At the front gates the troop? began to assemble. They xvcre without arms. They were revolting rsgimeuts. One body, in marching order, entered the side gate and halted before the en? trance. A Durna member spoke from the steps, explaining the attitude of that body and assuring the regiments that the Durna was with them. Army of Civilian Soldiers Auto trucks, packed witn men, ?o'. ?hers and civilian?, with and without arms, rolled up tile circular drive an?. stopped before the door while some occupant delivered a lurid oration, and then went on. cheere?! by the crowds. Then came a small army of civilian solders, factory workers, clerke, stu? dents armed with ritte? taken from the captured arsenals, their pale faces and black winter clothing ''orming a ?'range picture agains' the snow piled high in the Durna garden. For an hour they atood in more or less military formation before tht building and at dus* marcued away toward the centre of the city, followed by the revol'ing soldiers. The crowd xxas extremely orderly. A group o? a du/en soldiers puaheo into the corridor al the building ?ml ?.emanded to be allowed to ??dresa the members. A mild mannered young civilian of the student type took' them in hand with a little difficulty and led then into the open. A delegation auk-til for food. Im mediately waitera from the Durna re? aurant were sent out with tray? of tea und food until the ['lace mus cea: out. I heer llrltish Attache. There wa? a characteristic xvhen the mutinous soldiers occupu the arsenal. The Hnt.sh military a' tache wa? lound there and wa? cheer? , by the leldiers, who gov? h m a gil., i of honor to see him safely to the em bessj building Crewda ?No guthere, around the British Embassy ?heeied heartily. The me m be i s of tie Imperial Cou1 eil ?em a etoaoags to Emperor Nieln. las oui lin; 11 conditions and recom rneniling a change in the .1.tenor po. icy in BOCordaae? With the decisiu of the Durna and the dismissal 1? the present Cabinet and a,iv ia ; ?,* reorganisation m actoidance with th? desires of the people and their rep .?uves. Tile meSMgO boretwe. ignatu rhs Itewl, organised revolution?r army, xxhose numu-ra are grown hourly, is indar sommaad of Colon? EngUherd, of the General Staff, wh I? a.-o a member ot the Durna. Un? after another roriou? dattchmsatS ap peered at the Durna ?some with then stundards i.i.d officer?. As fast as they reported tiley .xere formed into battalion? and assigned to peet? Tai president of the Imperial Council, J (,. 1 ihtehog ovitotT, va? arreated uni placed nedor guard in the Durna build? ing. The stu?tent bodies were appealed to by the new government committee to ADVERTISEMENT HALL'S BEDDING The Standard of Quality A mattress that gives perfect rest to the whole body and gives it all the time is the best invest ment ??HaU's'Mattresses, made of pure horse hair by our improved process, are the most economical and are a'.wayi a comfort, always new. tyt manufacture all our goods. Order through your own dealer or from our New York showrooms. We make and se!! everything in bedding. FRANK A. HALL & SONS V.ttuufaclurer? of lied? *u?l Ked.lisi 25 West 45th St. is in the wearing Back Lace - Front Lace International Mercantile Marine Corporation Declarea an Initial Dividend of $3 on Preferred Stock Turn io it NOW! ?all?t II organizations foi bl preier vation of order, the smbl? s bimi a i baaS on the ann i he ertier of .'ity wa?; "It \? fir?; uiiiors and let? 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