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Kir?t t? taat the Truth: N ???>---Kd It ??rial ??? Advertisements SAT! RIIAY. M\K< II 17. 1?1" o?**?ai .-*;?-. ?. ', Th? Tnt-iina aUav? ? N.? lcar? i ?v-?? P^-1?a V!-?.. i-.. ? u ?.?M H Wl '.'? ? ? ' . ?-- v,? ... . ?.^, T-ibui:. i. 4 ? Naa??.' aWetai N-? -, ,-, '|..;-r,i, B?ariBan X000. ? i - ?.' !?.. Val?. Pn?'??? ! ' ? - t?i ,.-?:-? ? < ? J2 ? ? !?? . a ?Xjt.d?) "?. i - : I. I ???* rnnrn-.v ?atin k2!? DAn.T AM> Kl M>?T DAII > \T .. II II ?' ?. ? i' ? .(? MM.U OVT.T. lAU.T OM.T. *?? m*? "a '"' ' - ?? ...... .. 6 90 !?All.r ONa.1 JHVTJA? "M.T. Or? mcn'li O?., ?car. ? 0 i'?I. <M l.'mea m aUe I? - ? - - ? Vrw T"r? ?1 f*-**?vn<l elu? '.'a Malier. Uu can purchase merchandise ad?eitised In THF. TRIBtNi: ?ith absolute safety?for if dissatisfaction result? in any caite TilV! TRIBUNE sruarantec?. la pa> ?nur mone\ h.-ick upon request. N?> r???l tape. Ne ?.uibbling. We make giuxl piomptb if the adwrtiser doer. not. Shv and Teuton The first thought in ?every A monean mind on rendu g ?the news of the R revolution was entirely and ?necessarily a thought of tl. : o? this great, event, not in terms of world ?politics, but in terms of world humanity. That many millions of UM n and women, millions of men and women living in one of the ?most despotic of nations, should achieve democ? racy and liberty was a thing appealing immediat?-'y to the enthusiasm and to the imagination of the American people, and for us all this aspect will ?doabtleaa ?remain the more imp." ' Yet it i- nol ?? trj at this time to think of the political effect of an emancipated Russia upon the destinies of Europe. It is well to recall again the fact so frequently forgotten that this war had its origin, as well as its immediate occasion, in the conflict hetween the Slav and the Teuton, and a Russia liberated and democratic must, neces-arily be the champion of the Slav races in the future as an autocratic Russia never could he. German an:?"-racy, like (?erman world politics, dreamed of fastening its ?system upon the Czech, the Pole, the Slovak, the Slovene, the Serb and the Bulgar. That great Mitteleuropa of German dreams was in fact a ?Central European state in which the Teutonic supremacy was assured, but a state in which the Teuton made use of millions of Slavs as hi* slaves and his servants, his "cannon fodder" and his in? dustrial machines. The (?erman statemen have long per? ceived that unless Germany could expand, unless Germany could divide the Slav world and bind the Roles and the Austrian as well as the Balkan Slavs to her chariot, the inevitable expansion of Slavdom might some day eliminate Germany as a world power. Considerable as was the annual in? crease of German population, that of Rus? sia was growing by leaps and bounds, and the hour when Russia should organize her? r?! f was recognized by thoughtful Germans as the hour which would sex? the extinction of German dreams of world power. Germany struck in 1?* 14, when Russia had succeeded in building in Serbia a tem? porary Slav barrier against Teutonic ex? pansion to the Near Ka-t. Berlin calcu? lated that Russia was Still too weak, too unorganized, ?too divided, to oppose that resistance which a few decades later would be beyond Teutonic resources to stem. The Germans foresaw an inevitable flict between the Teuton and the Slav. They foresaw that if the Slavs wen. united Germany would not only be outnumbered, but her pathway to the Near East would be forever barred ?along the Danube and her eastern marches on the lowei Vis tula threatened. She foresaw tl;.. hernia would become ? Slav citadel iu the heart of Germany and that in the longer future Germany herself, like France and Italy, WOOld ! 6 relegated to the position of a secondary ?power in a world which be? longed to the Slav and to the Anglo-Sa?-..? . Beneath all else thil WOT was a German war to sas -.? : ? ?Germany ? position in the wor]. . ?' the future commensurate with that he] ! '.?any now. Her ?'place in the sun" could only be ?assured if Rus?ia were turned back from hi ? ward and southward advance and a string of Slav ?-. :ding upon Germany were erected on ?her I ntier; tates com? parable to those ?ted in Southern Germany ?n the days of hi? Kuro pean domination. The S!.v. that the question al . ,l3 ?, funda? mental question; a question of tin libera? tion of the Au-?? .<, the protection of th? that ?gateway ?to the wam I rig de? nied, first by B ? . ?German veto. The) a "ptedthe war. They ha dea?lar?'d that the war shall U? fought out. It is t/>o ?. ,? w?ii happen, b it K * ? ? ' too early to i? how tren.fT .i? . |uences politically and racially of th !; revolution. It may have COnsequePCi fecting the man of Europe ?more per manentiy than did ? lotion, and affecting U deeply as tho I'aba-i and Geimaa trilogies for unity affected th<- Italian and German peoples m th?? i.'?*t cei '?iry. The future of C??r imperilled by the pro'?..?' of a Slav awakening, bul the? prewnt existence of Austria is im? mediately in danger. Pot tw? ? ?. . ?? ions of Slavs living within th? H.? domu . taey In the gr?-.?' a I ?tW :i' d ? rrty and '? Russia. H?.m '' ? - ?Ust rare t m? may have baMn, thi moral sad ?p'rif,';ii tie v/Uh a rle-mrtrrn' at rmcf. a'id ri -'ronger. If the res ' ? <h" I cours? Basemed to in- _frfctll out for It? if it becomes as completely an ? of the will of the people as did tit Revfilution. Russia will necessaril; Austria and for the Austrian S part that France played in Italy the Italians in the revolution an ward; and the erection o? Indi ??"lav states on Um Adriatic ? Danube and in Bohemia will efl and '?ermanently bar (icrman p to the Near East; ('crmany will only great ally in Kurope; Austl gary will disappear as a state, a many will find herself as Franc h'Tself after the conquest of Vieri ?.ream of European supremacy nently blocked and her avenu? s of sion closed by new and strong alone her frontiers. to-day a nation ?if 18<>. p?''ip!(\ occupying one-seventh of t face of the earth, the greatest p state in the world because her U stretches unbroken from the Haiti? Pacific and from the Arctic Orean Black Sea. No man can calculate tli ben those frontiers will hold a ? hence, but it is plain that if the SI; achieve unity and independence nc men passage of time will make German attack futile. It is far too early to attempt to pre but viewed even in its present st<* an revolution promises to real German statesmen f?';?red and may the cock on which will be erected a | nent peace in Europe, as it. may pre ultimate and enduring harrier to ; German dreams of world empire ar iop. an domination. We have been tomed for years to think of the i hang?-s to come when the day of th arrived. It is hardly too much to what has now happened at least a thentic sign of the dawn of that day Can a State Recall a Senate The people of Oregon are manifi much interest in the question whethei have or haven't th?? power to rec U\ 'id States Senator. They want call Harry Lane, one of the "wilful tw who participated in the filibuster S| the armed neutrality bill. Oregon's constitution says: "i lie officer in Oregon is subject to re Machinery is provided for ordering a I vote on the ??etition of 25 per cenl <? electors. Rut Mr. Fane's ?.run haunted by an uncomfortable doubt, if they put a recall through, would it i ate to end the Senator's service.' We do not believe that it would. Seventeenth Amendment to the Fe? Constitution says that "the Senate oi United StatM shall be composed of Senators from each state, elected by people thereof for ?ix years." Artii of the Constitution provides that house of < ongress "shall be the ju<ig the elections, returns and qualification its own members." The Federal pr?s?; tion of a term of six years therefore flictl with the right of a state to reef Senator l?efore his term ends, and in of conflict state law must yield to 1 eral law. Maryland had for years a statute wl required its Legislature to elect one S.? tor from the Eastern Shore and the ot from the Western Shore. It did net 1 anybody. The Senate would net.i ? h paid any attention to it if it had been voked to annul the title ot a claimant a seat whose other qualifications w legally sufficient. The Legislature it? finally violated the law by electing i Western Shon Senators in succession. The people of Oregon might vote to ?ail Mr. Lane. But that action would a vacancy. The successor wh they might choose would have little cha of getting his credentials accepted ? .'ton. The Senate would be cc to bold that the state-- are imp?t? to change the qualifications or alter i terms of Members of Congress. For Un y could recall a Senator they could a DC for two years or four years; tli ?ould elect a citizen under the constil lional age or an alien. 'ry the experimt calling Mr. Lane, its people would promptly disillusioned. They would lea thai a state can all only with the sphere in which its own sovereignty lute and undivided. Exterminating the Submarines i ? i.. earl] di : - of the unnstrict .i;i.'..- campaign it was explained wl s Bi ' ih Admiralty could nol un ? to describe the vari? adopted, or to publish the losses, es, of the enemy; bul at the san nted out that ti? the defence could be estimated pretty a tel; by considering the decline in tl number of merchant vessels sunk. The n . judged in this way. are thus fat i couraging. In the first fortnighl of Fel ruary forty-eight British vessels of 0V4 |f600 Un troved; for the COI responding period present mont the number reported i= ?c'y *.?????.ty-nin? rding to the figures of the Hoard o Trade this leaves the British mercantil marine with 8,663 ships of mor?- than 1,60 tons, not counting merchant tonnage 01 . the stocks. It would be imprudent to conclude ths - .solwd, or even that tin figures cited are an accurate index of th? decline In the effectiveness of th?' subnra rine war. Many other circumstances ma;, contributed t?i the result, Th? weather may lately I infsvorabl? .' i mans, and it may be thai Um German plan im ? termittency of at i lack, but from the hin's that we have had from authoritative quarters ?' ant i submarine nave airead) bad some eff? er the first thr. ?? wot ka of th? ! ir t Lord of the Ad? n Iralty gave the House <>' Coma ;? .r?.?. that at ??anil Indicated the magni? tuda Of tho submarine bunt. ||e ?r- ?. fj ?I 'o no detail?, of the ? . ,uch ? | out the enemy, but he laid that he had ??I report.*? ?if n<? less than forty ?n counters in the space of eighteen days?an average of more than two a day. It is ex? tremely unlikely that the issue of these encounters was uniformly successful, but it was encouraging to learn that contact had been effect?'d so often in the first day ?if the campaign. There is no way of telling how many submarines the C'ermans have or how speedily they can l>e replace?:!, but though wp were to accept the most extravagant estimates it is obvious that the possibilities ?n personnel are not unlimited. The ofleeri and crews are undoubtedly trained mere speedily to-day than they use-d to be in the days before the war. y<-t considering the ? bound? of human possibilities it is clear that they cannot be turned out like ma chines, however efficient the method may be. And it is matter of common re? port that neither the vessels nor their com manden and men are uniformly of the best quality. It is believed, indeed, that the ibmarines cannot be spared for this work; moreover, evidence is not wanting that many ?if th?' offlcen employed in com merce Obstruction to-day are compara? tively unskilled. Even if we ac.-ept German reports there ? ry reason to believe that the meth? ods used to defeat the submarine men? ace have already proved their worth be? yond expectations. Mr. Gerard's Return The Tribune congratalstes Mr. (?erard on a safe return honre after having tilled honorably for nearly three years a very difficult and trying post. "Boche" The proclamation by a Munich D?-v. ? paper of the German purpose to murder American sailors M rving as gun crew? on American ships is interesting and edu? cational. It is interesting as it discloses th<- German mind anew, and educational as it explains much in the European point of view that has puzzled many Amer The war has enriched the vocabularies of civilized nations with a new word. The adjective "boche" means in French and in English alike a characteristic German thing d??ne in a typically German way. By way of example, "ne might speak of the destruction of Louvain, the atrocities committed upon Belgian and French women and children as deeds essentially "boche." The Lusitania was a "boche" per formance in the most unmistakable degree. The appellation "Hun" claimed for the German people by the Kaiser and tem? porarily adopted by some Englishmen tends to become obsolete. London, like l'an.?, now invariably refers to the Ger? man as "boche." Evidently there is, a de sire on the part of Germans to establish the term in Amern a. This will not be difficult. A few more murders, a little neire bart.;;nsrn, and "huche" will be as well established in the United Statei as in Western Europe. And it will be for us, as it has been for the French and the British, a new word made necessary by the appearance of a phenomenon unknown to recent genera? tions. Ceet boche, the French say of Certain things otherwise indescribable. As usual, they have found the necessary w..'!. I he Copperhead I ' - :jr ri.? nam? is lost to history, but he de - a monument. I mean the man who I the word copperhead to a traitorous a? I The word came in dunnj*. the Civil War. and, as everybody, kno?vs, \?. :? the North to Southern sympathizers. The word has slept for thirl .... construction dsj '. Now eopperhead hob? up m type ami cartoon. It i bitter political ipithct used anywhere m the world. The copp? i ? 'he three fatally poison in iiil North America. It ii .?-;.. aient la parts ?if Penneyl* rsnia. Early settlers called it the pilo: ; ? bal the pilot or cop i always travelled ahead ef th? ? rp the name pilot. But the woodsman bai ;? pari son for loathing the copperhead a little ir.ure than he ?Iocs t! ? I ?? latter loaad sad ringing alarm be? fore ho strikes, but the copperhead attack? in stealth. On? SO open foe and the other, srhicl deadly, s I ', more treacherous foe. To be a banian eopperhead thus sif ? *?gi.f lost never centaine.I in the name Tory of Revolutionary I For an April Inauguration lively four years en agitation i- started for ? ? mure unpleasant to endure or nun than bad aeatl seldom hap* ? larch t <>i 6 is i ?or oui emonies, and generally the conditions are as bad i? the W?1 Who will soon forpet the bllzsard which "!'ar?.ii back" when rail ?'-m inducted office ! Thers is no reai ? er for continuing the present date, and Miere are plenty of ones for a ehange te April '?". when Washington ?ted. That Miireh 4 was selected in the first place ??. as s ?.ere hasard, When I l .- ? under the .? ? tution it pa-sed legislation to carry it into effect 1 he Brat Wed in January ? Qg the elec? votes by the legislataree, the in February for counting them and the first ? Harel for the In? anguration. He i mncton taoi i. time nr.il was more thaa a month i reaching New York. IV,?nuts Replacing Cotton l h ,rr->,<1ri bast year ('omanehe Coanty, Tex., which until a few years ago had groara hardly any reial on?, except COttOn, made more than ,".0(1,000 bushel? ?if peanuts. This ? - ? ire s do lei srei * and south f Port Worth thai ** : 11 produce from ? 10 bushels ?.' n. an il . That seetion hasa*. an) special monopoly un the for they are lie i ri g- g all over Texas ?rid Oklahoma, but not on ea!e n s ?;i the locality mentioned. ? j ? n hat and lit ?. ? ?rill i fairly ?*;no' nop. When th?? dry, hoi days cams il aril] erlll ami !nnk ' .' mot go ng ?i> shrivel up. hat when .-. ? ornes it ?tart? to growing ?nd putting on nut* spam It may !>? planted fron Aft I DSl lina, and i? usually har? vested In October or XoNcmher. Helping the Allies Our First Duty Is to Speed Up the Production o? Foodstuffs To the Lditor of The Tribune. ? : Preparedness is in the air; all are talking about it, and many are doing nothing el?e but talking. All sort? of organiza' ? '.? and ?ocieties are being conjured up. and it te the fashionable thing, but there is a prepnredne*? that is vitally necessary, pre- , parednesa against shortage of food. in no way can ?t be of greater assistance in overcoming the Mad Dog of Lurope than in producing the necessities of life for those who have been waging our tight since Au ; The Allies must have food. France ha.? a wheat shortage in sight for ? the year 1917 of ltf,000,000 bushels; Eag* I land, it is reported, has already purchased ! the entire exportable crop o? ?.'anadian and has taken nil of the Australian wool elip. The requirement? of the Allies ? and neutral? abroad arc ?aid to range up to | 570,000,000 bushels el wheat, while the fur- j plus available from oversea? countries II 0,1. We can readily imagine that 1 ? tl ' rty or forty million people with-: drawn from other pursuits and devoting [ themselves entirely to war activities all the : nation* of the world must and will f?-el the : pinch of food scarcity. I be problem is so great that it is not conceivable that ?there cnn bo an overpro? duction of grains or produce that will bear '.nation. What cnn we del We ean seal voiun '?? rs fot farm work, or draft them if need be. Let the school children be mobilized, girls and boy?; let the youth of the land be ?OUts; ?.?er) body, men and women ean do their bit. The fair dame? : be all the better for a country holiday. Let each and ever?.? one promise two weeks as the minimum for all who can handle a hoe, a ?hovel or run a cultivator. Let the rich donate their un? cultivated laad, lot the churches get at the people and enroll them for the war against W? would be S better race and a more worthy one if we talked less and did inore. It is all rery Well to donate money and organise relief work, so that our cities are populated with fashionable relief com? mittee?, many of them most worthy, but it is not money that is needed so much as food, for, aftei all, armies fight an their belly. i ? tRENCE 1'.. WOOD. New York. March 13, 191?. "Compulsory Health Insurance" ? The Tribual. Sir: it r* sid that if yen ?aal to get the news of home you have ta g" abroad, The publication in The Tribune of the e??act status of thi "? ' Society of the County of New York SB compulsory health insur? ant, though formally given out at its meet? ing on February 14, now reaches us through Its puhlleation la full in a communication from the secretary of the Broas County Mad irai Society. In this way The Tribune makes tublic what lui? bean omitted or denied men? tion ).. general, beth lay and medieal. Among the great body of the raed? lca] ; publication increases the respect for as oppoaeal such n? The Trib? une, which has advocated this measure from lit and whieh nedieal men now oppose almost to ? man in this state. In the same way la*t real The Tribune promptly gave space to and editorial comment on a communication which di -proved the that compulsory health insurance was a natural sequence and a logical companion to the workingnen'i compensation law?. It was ?i that the ?ick poor had tever been exploited by the doctors a.? the victims of in?u-t r;..l nccider.ts hud been by th.? casualty companies ami *he lawyers to prove this **iew erroneous. It has never been publicly advanced since, until the ? hearing before the 6V rate on the Mills bill, when it was uttered by Mr. Hol? land, a labor union man. ?vho should have known better, and by Mr. Andrews, of the American Association for Labor Legislation, | i know bettor. A newspaper e??ay ,rly evolved need only be noticed as proving that there is no standard of news quais m fitness The Tribune'? one of "Truth, first to last JOHN P. OAVIN. M D. ?? 14, HIT. Disraeli and the World War To the Kditor of The Tribune. Sir: "Am I hai" plead?, m a letter ro The Tribune, for an "Independent Holy Land" in which there is to be a Jewish commonwealth under the protection of England or America. Now. 1 submit that when the time come? to the steps of the world the English government will not be in the humor to cm i any such undertaking. This tor the tO-be-forgOtten rra-on that the egg from which thi? infernal war was hatched ? Berlin .lune 13. ? i m 'n. Prime Minister of ? d. He :' ? ? ? had the Congress called ii ordi t le rob I their ? over the Turk*. Ml free that 1 ? I importai,' i eongn waa the tustria on the pr.ii o .. fur the occupation and sdninistration of the provinces of Bosnia snd H . This v.i \ . ,?s ro. ward for helping Disraeli to nullify the in Other matter?. The the two province' were bitterly ? An-'nan domination, and their "lent showed itself on June 28, 1914, when the Crown I'r BCO, K'.-inr- Ferdinand, was i yaaag Bosnian student, who?e grief iiver the oppresaed and stifled country of his birth had driven him to hys? teria. 'In:? deed | ?ted trie war. i. .?.I stone SS ?? Disraeli's hatred of R . nint of her anti-Semitic poli - than loyalt* ? . Eagles. I dictated his course at Berlin. Be that as it may. there can b.? no question but that he is nsible for the world war Brooklyn, March IS, 1*17. BRIT1SHF.R. Every American's Duty ! liter of 1 rre Tribune. D :?>? to th.- country, as it should be regarded in 'he threatening national crisis, . ?? i' every C?tisos who has resolved to be faithful should place his service? un roaorvodly at the disposal of the nation. ?Duty requires that every man, woaui I child of what? lag aR ?re-,? ,io tad always may enjoy the privileges ..n,i preteetioa efferded by the nation, shall ? ' observe and obey the laW| of the laad and be ever ready to faithfully ee-Sper* th the ?iithont..?s in the enforcement SB), .- !or myself, my Wife, three ?ona 1er, I fiad r able te ..1Pj ready t., comply la the falles) mbm duiy's every ?ie?-|uireaseat, asiag ,?,? our watch wonl? : ""'ira not lo reason ah]. Oui ? but to ?do -n.i di? JOHN ARMSTRONG. Whilrstonr, N. V., March It, l'.H7. HOW CAN GERMANY INJURE US? Bv HENRY RKLTF.RDAHL A war with Germany would be our owr affair, and, owing to our tradition?, we woul?. not make an alliance with ?.reat Britain. I :? quite possible that our splendid little flee will have nothing to do. The fact is, this il quite certain. When it comes to dread noughts, England needs no h??lp in the com mand of the seas. Her force of capital ship: outfoots the Germans two and a hal* times Our fleet would stay close to its base jasl where it is now, protected in the daytime b\ destroyers and at night behind huge steei nets, with orders to the patrols to fire firs! and ask questions afterward. Those who think that the German fleet will dash madly across the Atlantic and spoil thr scenery ei Hoston and New York sliou1 have no fear. The British Grand Fleet stand? in the way. It has always been our life preserver. Meanwhile, we can safely ter.i to our knitting, and not worry about phan? tom fleets coming up to the door Don't Duplicate Fears of ISM And let us hope that we have grown up a? a nation and that we will not repeat the panic of ISM, when the good people of N'e?v Fngland took to the timber and buried ?heir money and jewels, scared to death of the phantom fleets of Genera. And this, wi'h the unfortunate result that, at the time, the Navy Department was compelled to detach the flying squadron from the main fleet to calm the citizens of the sacred cod. Not that actual German raids might not occur. The Germans might And h hole in the British blockade, though it is almos? air? tight. They have done it before, and they might slip through one of their latest battle cruisers. It will be th?' job of the British to catch her, for as yet our navy is without any of that type. Should that speed queen escape and get across, her ?arce coal supply enables her to give a grand party on Roekaway Heach, touching the high spot? of the sky? scrapers of lower Manhattan and dropping a salvo or two of fifteen-inch shells in?o ?ho Brooklyn Navy Yard. Of course, the German has, in doing this, to reckon with our sub? marines. The affair hinges first on how far Germany wants to go in a war with us. Her main ob? jective is to crush Fngland. Germany has few battle-cruiser?, and will it be worth the price to rush a valuable unit for such an In? significant, unmilitary performance as shoot? ing holes in the Singer Building and raiding a few of our unfortified harbors? The British mine fields on the fringe? of the North Sea have first to be dealt with and then the blochade lines. If caught below the ?creen which England has thrown out between the Orkneys and the coast of Norway, she will meet her end under the guns of a division of British battle-cruisers. But then, on the other hand, the ('erman?. have been lucky, or skilful, in pushing through the North Sea, Twice in an effort to split up the British Grand Fleet, (?erman battle-cruis? ers have bombarded the British coast, and three or four times smaller ships have pene? trated the blockade, all clever and spertac'i lar performances, but of no military signifl ranee in the war at sea. You cannot help admiring the chaps of the prize crew who took their captive from Archangel right through the British cordon, safely to the German dock, and you cannot but applaud the shippers of the Kitel Friedrich, Kronprinz, ????! \npiim. who broke through the English and French lines off Hampton Road?. It is fine work, but it gets Germany nowhere, ex? cept in establishing tradition for the navy and bucking up and encournging the unthink? ing. Yet a Raid of Dur Coast Town? Is Possible In spite of the vigilance of our patrol., our coast might be raided. It is a lon?r coast, ??erman raiders are supposed to be at large in the South Atlantic, and bases are believed to exist in Venezuela and Brazil. These rnids will be but p.n pricks on our national pres? tige, a house or two may be wrecked, some ships sunk all to be expected. When Ger? man destroyers during a night homliardmen* plag a hole in a bedroom in Margate, the Briton wipes the plaster from his eye? and goea to a neighbor's to finish his sleep. But then the English have had more than two ..:' "strafing" end do not get excited. After all. England is the Kaiser's main enemy, with the 1". S. A. in the background, big in size, but puny in the possibilities of an immediate offensive. Germany's objective is to starve England. A glance at the map -hows ?hat the nearer the Briti-!i [sloe Ger? man submarines can operate, the longer they can stay at sea. Hence, future submarine activity will largely be localized within a couple of hundred miles of the Furopem coast line. And every submarine detached from the main objective, which is Fngland. to operate against the United States, weakens j and delays the punch of Germany s oni intention. There are lots of good people who tre in their boots for fear the German "? are coming up our bay?, rivers nr.d ?n and that little baby one? will fro up Crot?n aqueduct and float down into the b tubs of Harlem. But the damage Gern can do to the I'nited States depends lar upon the number of new submarines she launched, how many of these can be dive to worry us, and on how many the Bri have captured. Considering the large of German shipbuilding, it is likel be correct that more than tour hundred : marines have, within the last year, I (..Lied to the imperial navy. All types standardised and maehiaery parts turned like Ford automobiles. A c-bout i? c pleted in 'ess than t'rve months. I -Boats May Haras? Is We will have a circus just the same, not a three-ring one. Germany knows panicky character of some of our people, i for the sake of moral eiTect, n few g: "subs" might be despatched, basing fi somewhere in the West Indie? or in a cov< Mexico. The neighborhood of Tampico ' be a lively one. The came of the l"-boat \ be to diminish the oil supply of the Brit ?a??;.. Snd, ? rue the Allied pa'rol? of Mexican coas', are i:ot. perfected, as in i haaael, the C-boat will make a 1 headline?. In cruising a torpedo or I might be launched against our steam bound for the canal also some coast tc raided here and there, but only for moral effect, just to show that the war is rhe worry will be small, but it will ki patrol.? on their mettle. In the beginni German submarines will be sighted eve where, just as the trains along the coast Cuba, during the Bpaaish War, were ported as .? -over? In full cha Then it will simmer down to routine, ?nd i damage will depend on imr watchfulness | on how many of the Kaiser's submarines i footloose and free. The one who controls the ?urfaee h oadereea control, i.s the new maxim. With thousand or more motor boats not the which go up a creek lor a picnic with a de cold beer in the bow locker, but re?l lellov big and fast bigger than the British cov? ing the ocean lanes, the ubiquitous C hi has small chance. But then the best patr no matter of what size and seaworthiness, blind in a fog and the top of the sea in half g*i?e covers the track? of any peri'cof War will increase the activities of the Gc mans of military age in this country. B( lubjecta of th?- Kaiser, they must do tl proper bidding of the fatherland. And in t| whirl of the huge ipy system centred in Ne V.iiK, int.'mal disturbances are to be e ? d ami from Mexico snoradic out*?iirs of hBte, just as the revolution in Hayti a? the flare-up in I'uba was hatched under ir portal German protection. F.very officer < the German liner? now in American harboi belong? to riie German navy. For more tha two years he has done hi.? best to heln, an the eight hundred German bluejackets it tented In German men-of-war in the Phili (ielphia Navy Yard have not been idle in r? porting their piek-npfl as tr> our nreparation Stupidly, these German warships were place In one of our prominent navy yard?, givin them a front seat in reporting our naval pr? paredness, at least in one spot. In war ?i these lads have to be taken care of and th problem of internment and policing comes ur A Cheap Sport for Germany To sum up. It is cheap sport for German; to go to war with us. We can do her no im mediate harm, except by menu? of our poten tial strength, lending all our spare cash t? the Allies. Possibly we might open our har bora to the Allies and tik-? over their ocear patrol, thereby releasing their cruisers foi other duties. But then all this is balanced in Germany's favor inasmuch as autornati eallj n larger part of the raw material for 'ror.? will stay here and not be sent abroad. Then again, might not a war with the I'nited States help Germany, now in the throe? of starvation, literally fighting for her life, but not beaten? Was the Zimmermann trote B plant? Could any statesman outside sane asylum propose such nonsense? Might It not be an effort to excite us, to make us fight? If we go to war. our importance as a na? tion gives us a ?eat at the peace table. We m"-(.> known to be magnanimous. We saved Japan from Russia, and stepping in laid the foundation to Japan's greatness as a world power. Might not Germany argue that if she can force us into war, at the round table of ean appeal to our well-known y and our desire for fair play and thereby get better terms? This is a , rough conjecture, expressed by many in the navy and worth recording as an interesting current of thought in the crisis. Think it over. I (Copyright, 1917, by John \. Wheeler. Inc.) Home Defence Regiments M.iny Might F.nlist in Them Who Are Not eligible Elsewhere To the I'.ditor of The Tribune. S.r: I WOnld iike to Suggest t!.rouj;h tiie( columns of The Tribune the formation of! one or more regiments for home defence. Such a movement contemplates the ? men' and training of men chosen from among those who. for physical or economic rea 01 are unable to enlist in the Federal ser? iee, These men would be available solely for home use. I have had the opportunity during months to examine many applicants for com? missions in the ofleers' reaerVS corps and in the National Guard, and a suprisingly large number were found disqualified because of minor physical defects. The defects were often of such alight character that they would no? disqualify for doty in New "fors < although they might cause disability dien subjected to the rigors of a long cam? paign. Recraits over thirty-five years of age are not acceptable for enlistment in the : army, and many men who are patriotically , inclined are prevented from serving 'he country during a period of stress merely be eatiae of the age limitation. In addition to these, there arc a large num? ber who, for economic and personal reasons, an? prevented from joining any of the Ing organisations and yet are willing and anxious to give a considerable portion of their time to the cause of general prepared aees The formation of such an organ Stion ap? pears to he practicable, and shoubi, when fully developed, perm.t the release of the regular and National Guard organ! tor other duty. A. C Bl RNH til NOW York. March IS, I'.MT. General Coethals for Mayor ?.. Editar of The Tribune. Sir. As long as we ?in? looking around far I ,?. Mayor I suggest General G. W, Goethal?, builder of the Panama Caaal. He ha? proven himself capable of handling big things, and surely New York is a big thing, needing a big man, and not u politician, which happily he is not. S. SAM-'.. New York, March 15, 1?U7. I Our Perilous Delay Why Is So Little Beins Done to Arm Against Invasion? To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir! Weeks have e!s ? diploma ? relations with Germany were severed and lee the disclosure of the efforts of that nation to form an alli? ance .-igait;?t thi? country. Scores of ships are held m our harbors, owing to the in ability of their owners to obtain the means ?nding them against the submarine menace, not knowing what step?, if any, thi? government v ill take to protect much I lives and property of it? ? . I am reliably informed that, beyond news? paper talk and throwing dust in the I ye? people, little has been actually done t.? peadily put the army and navy in a ui for war,' that the former is defi? cient nearly 80,000 men snd the latter about 27,000; that the Springfield Arsenal. w?i,h a capacity of 1,500 r.fle* a day, is making but ir.d that not a keel has been laid fur the ships authorized by Congres? last year or for the two super-dreadnought.? author? ised in 1911. What is the matter w-ith Cue Administra* tiou with which we aie to be hampered for another tour years? The officers and men of the army and r.nvy are chafing at the inactivity and supineness of their political superiors, hut their lip? are sealed and their heads aie tied. When, after thirty months of tue great ?? ar. the reeultS Of which threaten to ahnke tiie foundation of our civilisation, I ?ee the stolid indifference of millions of our people te our defenceless and unergaaisod con dit um. ? eernful recaption g"-i:i to the varaiagl of our unpreparednes? by men like General Leonard Wood and Ad ti?. ; rn I Fi I.e. nrd when I look across the At? lantic and ???(? the siegle ?yerpceefalaeee, unity and patriotism of th? nations of Ku rope, their aitiiie? and their fleet.?, I seem to hear the 'bunder of the fooLsteps of a great host it is the tramp of the invader on our undefended sett. CHABIaffJ ft IBTAM. I New York, March 0. 1017. Russia's New Cabinet Unites All Liberals In War on Germany Prince Lvoff the One Statesman Wh* Could Hold Together Such a Coalition B) ISA \? DOM LSI INK The new Russian government <* ??.<?-??? a \?;?r government. The primary obect t the revolution, acconin-g ? . aa* SU?? Minister, Paul N. Hiliahoff, was "the ree$t,v lishaient In Russia of a power curable of B. lag the people final victory ever th? eix-m?? The new government is charged, first of aji to win the war and rid the world of ti? Prussian menace. The triumph of dtmo-n, in Russia, it Is understood, will be *triru and made permanent only h) the err.*".., destruction of Kaiser It is m tins light only thai ti i ? .n(.n of the body of men tea - th? 4 tinies of the RMSts ?*r-J ,tMif to interpretation. 11'admg t1?,? bo'? n ^ man who has deserve.iiy acqaired the SSMs> tion of th.? Russian Lie; .?, ama, at profound vision, charming persoas I mous eapacity for work, Pr BCe G. K. Lvof* symbolizes the whole new gOTSrnSMal i poet, but never s visionary, .1 practical kA r?-? | .-. ? ?? th 1 1 .??' that goes out to t?| humanity, a democrat t constitution, the t-r>? Prime M "v.lir of li?. eru'ed Russia typifies the tine?t ar.<! th? co. blest that there 1? m I But the feature shoal 1 ? 1 fl 'er?.h?'<?. in? ail ether :denti!ie,l himself ent;r. of the liberal Russian par- .". 1. ?.? th? rat? with the average Russian Ibero':. W party leaders delivered ktioes u4 wro'e fiery arl 'i? -, Pi ?? 1 r ?.:, rti.*??^ in som? constructive tash. The leadvrssfS_ ? :tional Democra ,f* fuu and Left parties became haOWS all SfSI ?j.( world. Rut Prince Lvofi : work to talk, comparative or.se. spectacular career, and peace '? I r?rty itr.'i and jealousy. Character of the Prime Minister To-day he is the ieal point of view, able ( coalition Cabinet such a? the Rassiss (*tb|. net is. A liberal to the eon from all other Russian liberal lea'-r? m that he commands the ?idmiration of all the vai ? . ?-, find radical elements :? ist and Canaan ?t ve, tutionalist alike have Implicit ., ih in \t:% And all that Is due to the ? kept aloof ttt ft ing and quarrelling. This characteristic o* the ? ister guarantee? the stabil - born government, Pot I trasses! | a conglomera: Ion of ,-.. thought and action. In times of peace .ark a governme-it would 1 possible. ?>r,!y the common pa mating the entire nation in | fh proseen! on of the war i present eon'i'ion Cabinet In this Cabinet ?he bl |?r of at Constitu?.onal rirmocmts, M a man of sane and BMtnro tat. Joins hands with the Socialisl ? ? and eloquent labor ? wealthy Konovaloff, appointed t istry of Commerce; the COB r.eff, th? ('or.tii.:ier of State, and ttt see Minister of Finance, Terestehenhe, 1 Ktff sugar manufacturer, are i;!1 Octobl BMrly the government Bari tween an Oetobrist and a H sia is immeasurable in coalition of the t ? lid bo m? thinkable in any other 1 1 the present, when the extrr-. the war transcend in the .??.?. r* ;h? Ual ??an democracy the interns I ; the political in?* I I A lai) of Kxperti The political physiognonr. amply and in . Il "' f? n government i? n g?-, ing from the war. 1 ke pro?*?* tion of the war and erect? ^urpo$*?r? backing t;ie Allies with I of the gig ? ?vie nation. This il "? "' great outstanding factor tion. Internal refoi I- reedom will he granted I t.ationalitios inhabiting . primary purpose of .?? ? BSSB the fee of O S?J ^r> eaders of th? 'tuisisn !??? ?rnment and - Mm.lar body of BBOI tO**fcl ""* inspired with the ideas of ?I ? "*' r>'x '"' and pro?, r. ba 1 raanal Bat what '*' " that besides being '' J ?ted I war. the new governm? ? I Y tor i it. The new Russian I ? ?*-*"J institution primarily. I the member | tit for his post. Russia has expert body of men at the hela) o-' her I*T**"' ment. " , no pre- ? ? ? * 'i-1, ' , . Th? the new Pi ; ?? evperienc-. I ?v.. n half ?*>* Started -V. Moscow :i mOVell ?'??****?** with the obj? et of Af?t? ? :ha* time fore-. "*! "T? '..-er ?;.,a ? ..-. ,,r ? . ,i'' ''* ' op.?d so eoleesally as to be ths atAtv ?*?. in the overt ' '-'^ s.an autocrac>. The '/., BMtva t nion Ar.d its it. ? lier and chief is IVnco Lveff, n0"" ???S Prime ' < .***""?, merit of the tll-1 ?stvS ? "'* * I the very onfavorable <*"n?itor'r^. ng it. is ur ?*-"] "t ,.f lous tale of the war. There is no "J-T^ pariente neeams ?ted by ^wv^|t. last thirty months. There is 1*_f*lJ7pi the significance of tra H ng ? b0*"*' ??at hundred thoa romea **^^5 organisation work when P *.'.-??**--* m> I a? been pi upon the- 'XtaftSa^ plant in times o< a world (ffisls. ^,, ?in the be.t possible ti?*" '?he complexion of th.? I 1 of view < and exp?" Bl : ? fS* which the Rus ?ian deinocrs . !*?''*Tfc.^r ?a.' f? ? years have not b.?en IB %:V"^ti,il born R.t??;? 1? not an Infant bat S*J_ ft i.n.1 mature giant. And It h?* *rTl* ?ttf world of democracy readr ? . ?he Prussian s; ?'em s? ;<?: * , v maining powerful embodiment 0? ism and absolutism in humsnit*.