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Receives U.S. Recognition Formal Notice, However, Will Be Delayed Until Gov ernment Is Stabilized On Guard Against Possible Reaction Washington Sees Vital Ef? fect Here if Duma Regime Is Overthrown Washington, March 21- Reeogl of th- | ?irI < o-jnr I of Mil as th* de facto g?.? ernment of Russia has he??n accorded by the United Btatei ?hrough conversation:*, earried on by Ambassador Franci?, at IVtrogra'1. Tkta '-vas vtated at IB I I ment to-day. with the ? BB thut. fuil recogr. woui I ? To-day'a press reports saying the deprive** o? their libertj and the former :<>d bacK from ? i'.t tc Petrograd .* hly indicating control by an .1 I adical group. OH ? think | th- | ? in the R I tion i ? to destroy the ao?derat? power, r by the form?r by the extrae unary The arrest of r.croi and hi? w there?- j fore, witk shadow a long period of unrest ? -tan iriter.-ial affaira and the crippling of the countr>'s reaeurcei for w?i. For this reason tht inuoodiate iccog nition of the new government, which tva.* deairfd Ix c republican principles, will be po' until affair?, have had time to Ambassador Proncii ii calling larly at the Foreign OfBce, however, and transacting bus;i ?th the duly con*' .* ateo Officials are following the difficulties in Russia, not only beeaaae of the ques? tion of American recognition, which is admitted to be largely a formality, but especially because of the rita] they believe those developmenta may hhve in Americans own interests. The crippling of Raaaia'a military strength at this time or the possibility o? a sip arate peace is a ?Vital affair to the ? d States through the practical Of war now existing between this country and fie many. Gompers Congratulates Workmen of Russia ? Washington, March II.- Addr hin.self to N. B. Chekheiji, leader labor group in the Russian Duma, Sam? uel Gompers this afternoon sent this cable message to Petrograd: "We rejoice with Russia's workers in ?heir aewlj achieved liberty. Thcsp i did proclamation of your provisic declaring for fl and press and the right of worker! organize and. If necea ary, I ti.<-;r righto, goaranteea ;<> Root '? opportunity lor freedom l progreai and assure? the OOW Roi bar r?j* ire greater glory. Internatio ??'elrome? the triumph of freed ann the downfall of despotism throu out the world.** Holy Synod Declares Revolt ta Gods Woi Appeals to All Orthodox Ri sians to Support Government Ion, March "3. A Renter d patch from Petrog d aaya that t Holy Synod has resolved to address ' the children o; the <>itli ireh." declaring that the rev ition to the hand Of (.("!, i asmuch as "He holds the fate d peoples in His handi I* will exhort the Orthodox to ob the n? . : and fulfil the -tian children. -. will be read S.inday all eh II lei in 'I ? Czarina Defended Hessians' Braver; Petrograd Story Credits Em press with Calling Russian's Story of Retreat Untrue : ?Tad, March SI. A st?r?,? i? re mer Empreai Alexandr as illustrating her pro-Germanism. Th occasion was a visit to -.. hoapita where, in conversing with ? wounde. officer, U:o officer described a ?lermai where the routed regimen turned and ' "What regiment""' inquired Alex A certain Hessian regiment was men . pon Al? Sandra indig nanti', rep untrue. The Heaaians nevei show their hacks to the ?'iien>y." M, Protopopoff, former .Minister ?. the Interior, 11 said to i ave ea i nief of Police et Petrograd ii the early day* of the street demonstra tion. and Inqnired if everything whs h neaa. He inatrnctad the chief tc inform the police that they would re ,i bon as of 7 rabies daily dur? ing the disorders, and in the event ol ! their deaths their families would re? 1,000 rnbl? There has been found among If. ?Protopopoff' BO order reopen? ing the vodka shops to the public. The order was to be effective n few days ?he beginning of the disturbances, At the headquarters of the ?"?Blue". H**n ? dreds" b quantity ?>* provoca _ufl lit j eratnre has tu en d >< ov? red? There are thirty-five prisosjera, min and <.*her former irovernmcnt of j iicials in the Fortress of St. Petar and St. Paul. The syno] ? i -tory in a i morning paper concerning the conduct , of the prisoners follows; Former Pre? mier St?rmer desires to make deelara Former Minister of the Interior . Protopopoff has asked for religious Prince Golltain, former Premier, \ has made a declaration that he was i forced to take the Premiership through f?ar of F.mperor Nicholas, and that he ? s to join the new government. Former Premier Goremykin has been the right to have white bread. The Returned Goods Samuel Hopkins Adams In the stores of New York twenty per cent of all goods sold are returned. YOU pay the bill. i%r \ nHE return habit is unsanitary, unfair and expensive." says Samuel Hopkins Adams in a scathing indictment of this offspring of the charge account in next Sunday 3 Tribune. Mr. Adams makes clear the widespread damage to customer, ???tore and public certain to continue while the returned goods evil is permitted to operate unchecked. Every statement he makes is barked up with stories of actual happenings. I le gives specific u^eshons for a return policy New York stores should adopt that would fully protect the customer and the public and still be f.iir to the store. In this, as in every phase of merchandising, The Tribune's position is for both merchant and customer and against neither as regards their true interests. The Tribune is ever for construc? tive fair play. Because of the newsprint situation, editions of The Tribune are necessarily limited. Order next Sunday's Tribune from your dealer to-day and protect your copy ?he j?un?iatj rag-) HXtxbxmc ' '" LtsA Hi? froth; News Editorials itdvertiseaeaU *? Duma Calls Noted Exiles Home; No Reaction, Says Tcherkesoff Titled Writer Asserts New Government Is Firmly Planted on Foundation of National Brotherhood?Prince Kropotkin Requested to Return ?l \KIHI l! ft. DIAPER ? M? i ai>> i . Tha? I London. March 21. Oficiala o? t ne?*- Rooeloa government have se urgent messages requesting the retu of Prince Peter AJoxandei Kroootk, Russian g* og raj her, bi Prince W. Tcherkesoff. wiiter. Hoi were exiled ? BgO fat BOlit cal lessons. Soon after leaving their native laa Kropotkin and Tcherkeaoff began tli work of bringing abolit the raorguniai tion o? Ruasia. Naturally, they ar elated over the development- <?f th last fortnig'it. "From all parts of Ruaala *n<l fror nil nationalities in the empire," Print* Tcherkesoff said to me to-day, "mos adhi the new gai ernment ar?* arriving daily. "Among the intellectual? in Potro and some representatives of th? foreign proas s certa is ha? been exproeaed concerning the la? bility that the advanced section of the lab? r movement and the extreme So? cialists might provoke disorder.? im? perilling the newborn government. Rot who know Russian revolutionary movements ?>f the lost fifty years. aj we <io. are convinced that outbursts of extremists cannot be condoned by the gr??; masaea of eighty million i<< ? ? ? manal land-hold? Ing and autonomous local life. ? ommon Sense Rules "From ;..l reports received b; i pirn:: t hal (?ommon sen boa a itself even among leadei - of the ai I i tion. liie pol?tica! programme adopted by the advanced labor paity In Potro? gra.l and Moscow contains nothing thai ?. the ' nited . the Bl * I. I mpii.? and oth??r self-governing pai ? aorld. "A whole century of German bureau rratie order in Russia could no* crui tii<* remarkable democratic spirit of th .:.try. All tin- former anti-Sennt ifm and oppression of the differen' n? tionalitie?? in Russia was the policy 0 u Germanised, despotic go4rernraen ied by means of a corrupt polie :? ree and the briber** agitations ?>*' th l'iiack Hundred. ,-Tlie I" s< proof that th? natioi hated th.- ordci- of thirics was eve ? :.t mi ti.e respect and kindnesi v.itii which political exiles and of eppresi "'.?? wort treated in th? taws to which they were sent. ill ? spirt of Russian tolerance was shown -plcn didly in th" hospitality and help ?river to hundreds of thousand" of I'.omar Catholic Poles and Jaws who becam? refugees daring tho i National ?Brotberbeed " \:.,' ! leans must boar in mind 1! is revolution was broujrht ?bout, not I?, a conspiracy of revolutionists or Bo? ' |, but ?fu? the otltcotne of ;: ?*rca* brotherhood union between the ? ?i?d th?- urmy. This spirit ?as created h, -.' on ol Zcmstvoi which uncees ingly labored to sups ,? ;? needed Eren the ext d to tuppoi I I he ??"? ero mont until an Assemul ?hall ex? Draal !'i" ?!' 're of the Ku-.-ian nation in repaid to its government ?ad lawo." I asked i*i:*?.<.?? Tcherkesoff whether he thought ?a republic would be estab? liahed. "No ?.???? knows at the pr?nent mo mont," he ?sai?!, "but it la btghli po~ lible that ?this will bo a? Things ara eertalnls shaping them ?elvc It that din ction." In regard to organ sod oppoaltion tu t] e new government in Russia? P TchcrkesofT is of the opinion thai tain fon i i i< ? fostered by reaction? arc inevitable. Hut be bolieVOS that tha? will be negligible until after the 0 . Jews Will Fight Bravely For Russia, Says Bamberger That the Jews will fight more pa? triotically for Russia, now that they have recen ed recognition, is the pre diet.on of Governor Simon Bamberg? i loi Utah, who is a Jew. The following statement by Governor Rambergcr ap ' pears to-day in "The Jewish Morning Journal": "The proposed emancipation of the ' Jews in Russia sounds almost, too g.1 I to be true. However, should it prove indeed true, then it mea i wonderful future for Russia ;.? a na? tion. The revolution cannot prove otherwise than beneficial for our peo? ple, even though they are not complete? ly enfranchised. The Jews in Ruasia, 'oppressed and downtrodden though are, repreaenl an exceptionally intellectual elaas, a people that ?rill | prove to be among the most enlight ? ened of the progressive races of mod? , ern times, and in return for their i ?mancip?t um will undoubtedly bravely and patriotically for the Coun? try that has given them such signal recognition, tardy though it ?.?v." Germans, Journey To Georgia Forts Delayed 2 Days Daniels at Last Moment Halts Removal of In? terned Crews a ?SltT CetTttatAaOmt r.1 T ? Philadelphia, March 21. Orders from la, which came at the last minute to-day, delayed the removal to Georgia of the crews of the German raiders Kronprini Wilhelm and Prias Eitel Fr:. (Irieh. It is itated the Germans will be i taken awaj Of FridajTi probably at day break. It teas laid that the delay was I made at the behest of Major General Scott, who wanted more time to remove the lTtli Infantry from the border to Forts Oglethorpc an 1 McPher?on, Where the Teutons Will be sequestered. Another theory was that the delay ? , due to the fact that it was made eettaifl to-day that Lieutenant Victor II. Kr.ith and Machinist's Mate Herman Schroed<T, who participated in the break for liberty from the Wilhelm Monday night, have escaped. It was not unreasonable to assume that Kroth and Schroedcr would make a desperate effort to freo some of their comrades during the long railroad journey South. The government will take every pre? caution against such an occurrence. I hree hundred and sixty marines v.-Ill stand guard in the coa<hes which will convey the German?, who will number al>.?i.t -.?in. In addition to the COO men from the two raiders. Lieutenant Hani Herg and his crew from the Appam also will be escorted into retirement. I?y the Kaiser's command, a German prisoner of war is bound to attempt to escape. A German prisoner must keep a record of his attempts. An escaped soldier or sailor is duty bound to attempt to assist in the deliver? ance of his compatriot?. 'Ihere was little sleep for those aboard the German vessels last night. Short!*-, before midnight an American officer handed to the German com? mander of the Prin>*. Rite! Captain Rnaaoll'i order, which notified the Germans to be in readiness to leave il ipa at s a. m. to entrain. A guard of fifteen from each crew eould be left behind with the shi|? a ??Vise designed to save the incident . the Ciateg<.r\ of warlike act? The German tars greeted the rcad ng of the order with hoehi. The r'a iron discipline was relaxed. With no thought for the th.rty who were to be left behind, every keg of beer aboard both vessels ?aras hois'ed to deck, ?.long with the arailabla -tork of provisions, nnd the ailnrr set in ; . eolobrote what the* believed would h-, ?hoir last night aboard ship. ? Naval Hospital Unit Prepares for Service Brooklyn Nurses and Doctors Ordered to Get Ready The F.rst Naval Base Hospital of the I Red Cross, station el in Brooklyn, received word from Washing? ton last night to hold itself in r?adi ness fer immediate service. All nurses and doctors attached to the unit have been notified, and mobilization can be ! wtthifl an hour and n half after the order has been received assigning r? ire with the Navy Department, unit, which was equipped h-, a gift of l2SfAM from Alfred T. White. of Brooklyn, is directed by Dr. w. B. Hicks Street, Brook? I omplote equipment for S hos- i pita] of 2M b?ds, wi'h surgical and, medical supplies, is i?ored at th?' navy yard. This is the first of the level Red <>o*s base hospitals in New York City to roeoivo a notice of service. There are ? ii army hospital units, each e?|uipped ??th .'?"" ?bedl ?nd each laving a ?'an* of t?ent.\ live surgeons, fifty graduate lUfSOS and twenty - five volunteer I These units are stationed at .??. New York. Mount Slnal, I''?' bjrterian. Post Graduate and German i i pit?is. Uhrrr yl how the riH'.al urn? ?ill he ?aied ?*?j'l not be known until the ?rdor to pnnbilize is reieive?! from Washington*!* Czar and Czarina Arrested; Sent to Tsarskoe-Selo New Government Orders That Former Rulers Be Held as Prisoners Army Is Now United Premier Lvoff Admits That There Was Trouble on Northern Front Uondoi Uareh 81 ? hi ? ?? ' '? and ?"zarina have ben <! their liberty and ordered by the sian government to be brought baek ? T-:i:?skoe-Selo. BCCO iter's ; ?? "l correspond' ? former : ? ?i end hi eonaorl daoarted on ; Sunday for 'hen I : '?!'??? in ! ? ?. where th? meted ilo?lalon of ? the government I . ? ?rise '?'? ''??nistr>' ; .. .,i rang, u.- ? ; *'"?* j ? Prince V* ' < 1; lM :' Pl .-..?? iving the Russian nta ,t l'etrogiad, outlined the re?? m the creation of Ht m R Mtyi anothei diapaUh. The BaatJiwaat Pro intirely on the . . ero bad baaa some si on the Northern ' "??'' l'"m' .hither had found on their arrival thai order and discipline! hod b< eon reetorod. Fleet Hacks (?overnment Hie ?hola Baltic fleet ?as ?rith the gev.rument. continued Prince I.vofT, and all diatorboaeos had eaaood I ? I land also was unanimously on the side i of the governnunt. Nowhere ?va? there , reason for anxiety. The govern m m Bros !" eonetant eon tae? with the workm. ? and ,li,l ne . "noua dissension?. The work of renovation Was io?n nev? rtheUss, the convocation of the eon tita "'?':?' ;l n*'?*' tion of months. Aire ? of inapieioui peraonogea in Russia continue. Among the lateat | prisoners of the gorornmei , accord I ing to reports received her.? to-ilay, are Governor General Gandattl, of the Siberian province of Amur; 'Jeneral ? the troops the Dun? of a <ierm.ui family, .and General liaron Frederick-, Em? peror Nicholaa'i miniater ?>f court. ( rowd Demands r.xecutions A Reuter dispatch says that a crowd ass.-mbled outside the Duma Wednes day caryinj; red flags, on one of which was Inscribed "Heath to those arrested." Cric* demanding execu 1 tions also were ra ? i The Miniater of In-tire. A. I?'. Keren sky, boa i s -u?-il a proclamation point? ing out that none of the r?volu' or Socialist nartii? have urged vio or condemnation without trial, and adding: "There is reason to believe that such exhortation* to violence have been prompted by a former member of the secret police and provocatory organi aationa. The dispatch add-; that the im? prisoned ministers and other officials in tho St. Peter and St. Paul Koitre-s are being trt ited scrupulously. Ac? cording to the r?gulai ions of the old : r?irimo they are allowed 10 kopecks daily for food. Thev are not allowed to give interviews and their corre? spondence is being eon'rolled. They .ne permitted to wear the?! own elothes. Pi taken to |.te. ? of the prisoners com ! mitting suicide. ?. ?immun? lo ?.reel Duma A reaolutien of greeting to the Rus sion l>uma and people on the estab? lishment of free institutions will b?i introduced in the House of Commona to-morrow by the government. The ; resolution. Andrew Honar Law said, I will have as it? object tho encourage? ment of the provi?ion*l government in Russia. It follow.; I "Resolved. That this llou-se ??nil- the I Duma fraternal greetings ami the Rue people its heartfelt eongratala I tions upon the . ? amongst them of free itions, in full con? fidence that they trill lead Hit only to ti.. rapid and happy progress of the 1 Russian nation but to the .r .-??. itioii . with renewed I and vigor ? of the war Bgaii I I old of autocratic militai SI ahlch threatens , the libeit v of Europ ?." Foreign Seen sry Balfoar made a .. m th" llou?e to-d . ? \ Co??.' ? Milnei attea pi ?- his r'?e.'!.' riait to Ru fera di? , rectl* or Indire :tly m . polities. Russia's New Rulers Grant General Political Amnesty i Peti larch SI. Genera: po ; litical .. ,- he. :i ordi red I pro?. ? . . nment The order is j embodied in me following ill "Yielding to the imperiooa demandai a emoru? 'i"ii of ?'..? .?r ? ..??,. triumph of th.- i SW ? led upon : ? ......r-v, I political amnesty." The provii a si government alea has ? ? ? el a manifeato full;, confirming the constitution of Finland and order* tion m full form. The . manifesto grants comprehensive mi? cal prisoner?. It also or the early convocation of ?i,? r, The provisional rovernm? Creased by J.uDu.??u.oOO rubles thai ? v. inch the state bank SAO] issue I ? ,- : ??'? Airmen Killed 1,000 In Bucharest Raids 'Planes Flew Low Over City, Hunting Civilian Victima Laaaoa, Han h ZI More than i Nfl persons a/ere killed in Buehoreel by the attack? of German aircraft prior to boodonmenl of the eity by th? Rumanians, according to an account of the... raids given out ?it Jaaey, the I ipital in a single ?la pei ions wen? kihed by th. and airplai '" " l!?" ronorl itataa, a I group of airplane deae? nded to .? low altitude and p? .,? .? Vral hour, in ???eking ?rietims, killing vaoikmen and! ??orkWOOaoa in th.* Held.? and at i cet 45 British Ships Sunk by U-Boats; Week's Toll Higher 16 Were Over 1,600 Tons, 21 Were Small Fishing Vessels Loss Under 1 Per Cent Two Mine Sweepers Reported Destroyed, 14 Men Missing ?U. S. Bark Overdue London, March SI Ko'?>'.??? Bl ? -??I- were sunk during the weoh ended March IS, according to nn oflic a? statement ??sued to-night. Of these sixteen measured more than l.lOtl tons, while twenty-one were small fishing in..,' ?-. In the same week the number of ves? sels, of nil nal measuring more than IPO tons, which entered and left British port?, was as follows: Ar? rived, ijott', ?ailed, 2.554. T'.e same ?igures for the week ended March 1!, during which twenty British ships were annk, were as foltowii Ar? rived, 1..'*">; aailod, l.'.'5'i. Nineteen British merchantmen were unsuccess? fully attacked n this week. Thus, while the commerce to and from British ports during th?? latter bowed an increase of L'O per cent ?iver that of the earlier week, the sink | the week ended March It repre? sented nearly 1 per cent of British com? merce, while those of the week ended March 11 represented just a little more i than one-half of 1 per cent. I 'wo British mine sweepers were re ADVERTISEMENT TITLE LOSSES YOU hear it said some? times, ?? Most titles are good anyhow." It may be true. List year, however, we wild more than 170 losses, practically one for every other business day of the ycf?T. This shows you that de? fective titles are not a myth and to the people who actu? ally encounter them they are very real things. Our title policy is your pro? tection. It does not cost nearly so much as It is worth. TiTlE G?i\aRa?\NTEE AND TRUST C9 Capital . . $ 5,000,000 Surplus(all earned) 11,000,000 176 B'way. N. V. 175 Rcmscn SI., B'kljra. ?'") Fulton St.. Jamaica. ported -ut.k to-night, fourteen heing missing from ?>i.e of them. The Anuncan bark Brown Brothers, of >T?? tons, which sailed from Brunswick. Ca., ni-. November l'? foi tland. .' as ?suited as everdae. American Consul Receives Names of U-Boat Victims London, March II, Robert V. ner. the American Consul (jeneral, has received a *> -r of the following five Americans lost from the American steamer Vigilancia, torpedoed and sunk Init Friday! Neils .\.<r!h, third officer; I'. Brown, Joeeph Fibern, Kstnhan Lopez and C F Aderahoid. The last named ?.?s from Attalhi, Ala. The addfUHM of the OtheTS were not given. Among the lost was Alexander Rodr true-/., h Porto Rican. Russians and British Closing In on Ti^ Arab Rebellion Makes pL. of Ottoman Army Mo^ Precarious London March :\ R)1|IJw driving toward the TtU\M _ BahhiS, Persia, have croii?4 tlu ?^ potami.in frontier, it w? V At the same tun? tk? d'"'** ? to the south Cort:l,w,,,'*, ?mrs'jif of the Turks '?? ?* shah. These Kussmr, W[ti ''"** not many miles ?"rom the Briti?T* ** north of Hablad and the Tiri*'" swiftly being apnrosche* .. ! '" ? fin Russian Church Waitin? New York Bishop to Vii?tpu ?she* Pending Instruction U a re? I upheiv?! isj,, Archbiuhop Evdokiai, head 0! ?>, r sinn tirei.k Catholic Byi left yeaterdi ? .- the ?ir. churches of the synod in fstmt States .?? ' Is. Th? a**?? Synod eoi . Serbian, B n u >??, Bulgaria. ^ , baaiaa ihun ?ten I tJirr^ intry, Cai ?da ?.r.d A;?.,,, ?.? i" r cabled the Holj Ruaiiaa f*yr<>iiw, will be irti inX_enZ as ?non as an answer i? recei?-^ Until such initructieai ar? ?*,,] the (*hurch will not rt*co/*n?Ku*(_ of Bui ??* <^>^K> ^^^ ^^N^^*^^ VSS* ^*^*-? TThir ????n?? l^W? PAULINE FREDERICK, On- ?f the r?J stars of the Photo Drama, says: I have found that an irritated throat i* quickly relieved by the licorice in Adams Black Jack Chewing Gum. ? tastes good, too."