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2?cu) t?ork (Tribune
\a%* \ r.t toi s?f-the Truth: Ve-? ??Kd'lnr al*? Sd?erMaement? - ~ r-- ? * a ' ? S -* . i m BSP kl k*P*RH if Itl" ? ? - ' ' ? ? "l ou ?an pur,h??e n?er.handi?r advertised Mil ll'il'.l M With al.*...Inte ?,.frt\?for Il tfaaaatiafartioM rteults m an; <a?c illl I Kllil M (tuarantee? .. pa; -?..?ir i-mnr? ha? k ?pas* rr?|?ir?l V?. r<r ?1 lai?< No *|**ibblin| W< make j-?x.d prompt I) if th< a?l*.rrli?e; ?l??e? not. Concord I lymn I at the - '?? il"* Bailie ! rled, II, <e tme* I i i .1 a**] ?red the Shot i ? . ? i bridge ?' flott v the ci"' We Ml tO-?afJ a t oh I I r n . , are got e. ni -- -rie those hrroe* dare I ?i dit. and U av* their ? free, Vatur* gently "pure ? raiss to thein i Raj pii Waldo Emerson. April 19th, 1775-1917 On? hundred and forty-two year.-? ago .>? a handful of farmers assembled on i Lexington Green and ?it the old North Bridge in Concord in "response to thai call ?: BfOUSed all the love of liberty and ce instinct in men of English Wood. ntury and n half before, their ances responding to a similar call, had . can, bringing with them the the English Commonwealth and tradition of Hampdcn. These Middle were armed with fire-locks. had scanty ammunition and little . snd they knew that they marched . . ?? ? mi who, on European battle -. bad w .n pi ..; w;,r Bui they and fired and fell. Lexington ? the ipii on which our R? pul lie was f built It was lierived from England, and in it there lived all that was vital and best in the British history from Magni Charta t?i the Commonwealth. To it there was added in the first years of th? Republic n new clement which l-'rance in her R?volu tion gave to all mnnkind and for all time. To-day, after nearly a century and a half, this country of ours must stand oi fall as it is true or false to that voice which spoke lirst for us at Ix*xinpton and mord. It was this spirit which made ountry through the first half century, when it struggled upward from its colonial the position of one of the great nations of the world. It wrj the spirit to which North and South responded at the outbreak of the Civil War, when men from ".ho different sections of the country saw liberty differently. I ?uring the last throe years we have had a hahel of many voices. Many of alien races and ?lien symp-athics who have found refuge or nsyh.m in this country have un ? dertaken to replace American tradition hikI American institutions by ideas and ideals borrowed from nations whose tradi? tion is not of liberty and whose heritage is autocracy snd not democracy. American obligation to liberty in the world has been -r???l bci-ause in the past half century . ands and millions have come to this ? ountry and failed to understand or to accept what they found here. Those who fought at Concord and taxington loved liberty more than they loved any king. They cared more for the institution-? which had come down to them from the past than they did for any government which t*e trayed them. Those who have cone to America in recent decades seem to have preserved sn allegiance to a sovereign at the cost of loyalty to this country. let us not be deluded. I*t us not be misled as to the foundations of our coun? try. The liberty, the democracy, the jus tic? which are the bases of our national structure are Knglish and are derived from those ideas and their ideal which <>n either side of the Atlantic have been the domi r?ant taspulee of the Knglish speaking t?-*<* pies. Kor three \ears every effort that could 'e rnsde has been made t** persuade us to abandon oui sncienl faith and to disre gsrd those principles and Umbc kseal which oux ?tocasteis fought and upon which they const <ruct*fd our God, this nriadn? after long, lutter d?laye our country taken I ?moi g the lit? the v orld i ?W?J and the h; follies which w too long tolerated ai '.?r what th?*y were. ,. I . \ , .ime down : ! i h their gri .fathers had won, Th when the very (ha! '?'.'** Ol ce the comm"! - i I tongu?. |i ?erved by the written menu '.-?hod race. Th.*?' '?? Ol ?am which ha?l its oritrin in the erty and of justice and of dem ?; .- Thirteen Coloi ? - - has triumphed, V -prevailed, over the Prussian spiril spol ? -o who Bought in America nol ????rve the pi re established, I to t ?-place them by the system which is day expressing itself in fire over North? ? day it wrote its will blood over Belgium. I'h? re never was and there n? be in an Am?rica faithful to the traditi ? : its past room for anything that even the remotest degree conformed to theide and the ideals of modern Germany. T soft voices, the lying tongues, the whini hypocrisy, the stupid threats and t secret violences of the German agents America were things hitherto unknown our history and foreign to all our tra? tions. The descendants of the men who foug at Lexington Common and a' Bridge could never feel anything hut loal ing, contempt, bitter disgust for a nati? ami for a system which expressed itsr in the terms of modern Germany. All th we love and hold to was endangered wh? the first gray-clad Prussian soldier cross? the Belgian frontier, which was then at remains the symbol of modern civilizati? and of American democracy. At last we are at war with German At last we, too. have taken arms to fight tyranny a thousandfold more odious thi that which crushed the first rally of tl ; Minute Men at Lexington; a tyranny I which is joined a brutality otherwise ui I known in any so-called civilized people. And on this Nineteenth day of Apr while there is cause to rejoice thai o country has come through the storm sat? 1 ?that in the end it has not bet ravel a that it once stood for in the hearts an i i the eyes of men all over the world -ther is ?-till reason to keep in mind the warnin of recent day?. We shall lose all that i worth while in a nation if we permanentl forsake the principles established at Les m and Concord. We shall ?ease to b great in all save size ?f we ever forget th origin, the character and the Condition o ? ur national life. Americanism is not tigure of speech. It is not an empt; phrase. It is an ideal of service and o sacrifice. It was expressed by the Middle sex farmers one hundred and forty-twi years ago to-day when they left evcrythinj they had or hoped to have and withou thought of victory and without prospect o survival challenged the trained armies o a European power because the rulers o that power invaded their rights and sough to limit their freedom. They dared nil. tha their tradition and their inheritance migh be continued. Their example remains thi dearest expression of the meaning o Americanism that we have had or evci can hope to have. The pathway to nationa greatness lies toward and not away fron Lexington and Concord. Brazen Legislators In vetoing M75.000 appropriated foi legislative expenses in the general appro priations bill without ?temization of liV pUrpoatN for Which the money was to In spent Governor Whitman was adhering to a wise and excellent principle. In pa s ing this appropriation over the Governor's ?vct?> the legislature has reiterated its de nanee of this principle and its contempt of a widespread and well-founded demand for publicity and economy in the handling of state funds. The Legislature, of course, was within its right-. It had the power it used, but it was distinctly unwise to use it. By its ac lion it said, :n effect, to the public, "We will spend your money, but n is none of your business how we spend it. All you ha\e to do is to pay the billa.*- That ii ba I doctrine at any time. It i? worst <?f all at this particular time, when big appropria? tions arc needed and arc being made to enable the state to do its part in the mili? tary and industrial organization of the country for war. Every dollar of the pub? lic's fund? must l?e made to do its duty, and nothing can be taken on trust by the public. I.east of all can the Legislature ?be tak? n ' n truM. Its expen*?' a mntt?r of scandal in the pa?* | ? | h.tor* have charged tha*. th.-re wa? p in the hiri.'it; of clerks and the like which amounted to little ??h?rt of actual g'H?t. i Printing expense.* have . been enormous. j The "pro-rating" of expenses of members .... ?-, '" ' ' ! performsnc? ' '"?"' sre m th? ' : which war- i giving of ;. blank check to 'lie I ?. ? ': :'1 i l,r''" wha( -.he i ' ' "??stem, with blind Snd the ? ?; the the (ii ? ? Suffrage Breaks Through ? . Mi . I V "i .?!?'. With so 1 i if frage vote at the fir.-M i ont? I i h con? tait it wa .- foregone coi of political Ii would vanish. It did. La I year witi the convi great political to th? polls . I Li. witl vote for a Presiden! who ?tro ip tea foi worn? \? a nal ura! i, on?- by "i ? -. ft theii w ?n i n the Pri In Ohio the movei ? dge of the East. \ii'l now, through the vote of Rhode 1 land's Legislature, the Atlantic ? "oasl itself ?Trag? t?te, I" mall * ictory, but a momentou Goven ir Bi ? mi i ? h ?s? leadership made the gain possible, deserves high prais?- II to be congratulated. The solid block of the conservative 1 a I has been brok? n, and won (feet in e 1 li) oli 531 much more than a artei entire vote. Th?? effect of the war in this quickening advance is unmistakable. Perhapf ica will enter the war half heartedly. and we may miss the lesson which our allies have learned. Mut we doubl both possi? bilities. We doubt especially whether America can long remain the on?, advanced and di i ati? n to d? ny equal rights tu its women. For Clean Prizefighting ? II the two ai. Ivanced bj the eppom ' peal of the Krawley boxing law in th? \ either seems weighty. To say thai without thi* law -ate will go ba inregulated" n? to say nothing, for the boxing commission! have flagranti; neglected to regulate prizefighting according to their own rule?. To argue thai profes ional boxing is necessary or desirable al this particular time becausi it stimulates cour? age and self-reliance and a il'-sir?- t?, ?serve ?.no's country is to overl case of Let Darcy, whii up the question ?f repeal for whether or not Darcy sneaked away from Australia to avoid military service, as ? he certainly is not serving in the rank?. The plain fac? i Mur thi b raw lej law has broken down and pr? ?cd wor ?? than a joke, Boxing ha more of a I? of a sporl on nal? dorous, than under it. The coi itioni el ip have damaged h ?: in*j a a uport, lave di - thou and w ho ha. more ; ? idice against a boxer than I a all player, have led to the disi of a commissioner on - ha .?- . If thi i? to continue partnership with the is, if ii i to continue t?. re ? ive a rev? ni e fiom the gate !? eipts < e? il mus? ?-. 11 k - the slate clean and keep ?1 clean. It is greatly l i be regn ttc.l thai ? peal lull failed of pa house, It is to be hoped i' will not fail on a reconsideration of the vot? A Warning from England There is an ob 11 for us in the blunders of British press censorship .- - forth in The Tribune yesti rdaj by Lord Northcliffe. The problem is admittedly complex, but Lord Northcliffe holds thai it is "not s?. difficult as the politiciai | the soldiers and sailors maintain." Th? | initial ernu* out of which grew n subsequent erroi | trol of the newspaper? in th? hands ol utterly devoid ol anj ki o\\ edge or i ?in?- of the mal ' were app to regulate. There i ' ??? the slightest doubt that an ? majority of the editor- and news pap r owner? of the t ted Kingdom we ? prepared in the early days of Ihc wai : - cooperate with the government in e tablishing reasonable restriction!. Ii deed, it was admitted by num.?;? i ? in Parliamcn' I Pr? B ire iu wa - tabl '? ? : th? . ommitted few indii had fall? en m readily vt ith the re. ommendatioi ilitary and naval authorities. Never , thclcss, ?i \? xal lintelligenl sorship wa.? imposed oh th? m, the evil con? sequences of which, though mitigated, have ' ? ? ? ? ?-?ii . n, ..'n... i Northcl IT? thai with our "wide ..pen newspaper methods" we are in little dancer of .?ha? Eng? land suffered in the early days of the war. Hi? confidence may i ? but if it i - not r our own fault. With the evil example o 1.? fore US, w have no excuse for ibmit . to a similar tyranny. The censorship -.f new.? ; time can. as I . i . luctcd sue cessfully only by the I after men and m?n | ?rar. The censor.? of tin- British pre- had no expert ^ once in either capacity. There an? and always will be certain problems hip which admit of I several solul n Lord Northcliffe speaks of the ? ? rated ranard concerning Rus? | sian troop? m England. It nur. ,that a military authority ,? .?mmetiil?-?! th?> ?:ment's reticei. oi thai oc i alleging that there was some profit ? ? report !o i*ain cu*r I On the othel side, Lord Northcliffe holds enl . misch ? I inasmuch as it tended notably to di?cour._ further recruiting and had i depress? ing effect e ??n on the output of the mum fact? .? . Then, again, there is the question not of bul of opinions. The partial tup ?n of "The Nation" i ? ? es e In from the answer? ?given by min , in Parliament this week it is mani thal "The Nation" wa? debarred from (he foreign mails becau.f ;l" ?pinion? lor. It i true thai Mr. Ma ham has long been ai of the doc? trine of "?peace without victory," and thai hi disappointm? nl al the failure of this ? ? ?me been i tpi essed in ? ? term . Here, for instance, is s pas? sage drawn from a recent numiSer of his journal. ! ? ;. no! dec? ? ? oui ael ? ? the boyhood I . ? i n | to 1 bled whiter than evt r; ? ? ???, that con - ? ,11 r;-?> higher and i r. \??ateen ? id a blink ? -ill ha? " a 'I irkei night. To arhat.J nd " I o a "broken backed" uar. \?ncf?l by i ? I am afrai : He ha- likewise spoken of Sir Douglas tiaig'i rre ? ?? as if it were noth ess than a disaster t>? Hritish arm?, an opinion which ma.? perhaps be subject to the prohibition against "-"al-?- or preju dicial reports" tending "to rause disaffec tion" or to injure relations with foreign p iwers. Vel there ia something to be said for Mr. Churchill's argument though nol wholly disinterested thai such passages "make mild reading compared with the Dardanelles report." I Bui whatever doubts there may be on BUch nice points as thes?-. there can be none ?it all on the folly of manipulating news as ? was manipulated in the past in the sev? eral instances specified by Lord North cliffe. We have the evil example before n>, and it will be our faul! if we fail to profil by it. "Americ' A ?Plea for a New Word to Avoid Confusion Abroad . Editor ??f The Tribune Sir: If you will read over very csreful an open mind the fine editoriala which .-ippearcil recently in your new paper, you aril] aee lhal I'nited Statea Amerieai themaelvea harm and contributing to a weakneaa i:i th? Rngliah language. By ng thi I ' American" aa acceptable of ?v o aig ? render articles ambigu foreigners A f i ? nehman win? read? English eaaily ia iiu.tr vatrue I concerning the actual meaning of the under phrases. And even many Engliahmen ;? n ?1 uneducated Americana are no! perl c< !y aurc of for instance "nn American n, lia;, ti and the Dominican m .-? preceding paragraph \ can lates" mean! Bra . ? If "A ,??--?' pen to knou :* do? i) iaolatio of ? Ameri Ihcy are puzzled by "American partic n in the world league," which we -, tu know meai k only I*. S. A., hut vhiili they are led, hy the previous phrane. nn ni.o pur' eipation by all tl-,r A IT,?-1 I i.. ? ? saitati re Amer cans do, to i oin "'.'? ?*' i\ e wordi foi sake of i have made the word *? from "Ai - Zealand volunteer?." They ationa, which ia alwaya clear. Some fea allude to thoac of ti)?- Americas'aa "Tranaatlanticana," rerentiate between Americana t'. S. A.i and "all" ? "? of the Americi This ?a merely a en*?- no! of cr-uity nor but of <? ??? d si ? Some far? ? writer ought i?> be atrong enough n a word tu-" \?i!l render our lan? guage clearer. It will be ?iiffienlt. for us t'if. Atlantic lo sav "we Transa? lanticans." Also the i awkward. R i there a ? ome one of duca "Ain.-i ?can par ? on in 11 i- ?. ?n?" and diffej ? nl t?te it ??-. "the Monroe Doctrine of Americ isols Compare the words "Hom?-r.r, Olym? pic, dynamic, Atlantic, oceanic," etc. The Americ nationi ltr.-.7il, etc. i and the -an states I New York. <te. i. "Anier aoil," could then mean but one thing our ? \\ n land. Are the English more rouragrmn thr?n our ? I w ADMIRER OP THK TRIBUNE. S'ice, Franee, April I, 1917. Plant tbr Postoffice I.awn i IJlitor of The Tribunr. The Postoffice liepar'ntcnt doe? not -rm\ in be working in harmony with the gen .-"vcrnmcnt in th?* matter of agricultural iredness. ? village p" ? -1 innin and ia surrounded bj an extensive ornamented with flojver beda and shruba, la ly b) liiiii?lrf,| of person?. i luthoritiea are now engaged in ng 1 lawi with load of ear! iry, I .im informed, for rolling an?! aow I ? i cms to some of n- that a splendid lea could he given to our people if tin? ? ploughed, fer! i ?i and plant? d ! ,,f (,,? ng ? . . I : tal. ROBERl I HORPE kill. V V.. April 17. 1917. I'l.nsr lor Lord North? liffr's Atti? les I?,'1, i ' >.,r ,,?? i *,,, Tribune. AI loa h l'.'tyear ol?! aon of a man ? - , aubaeriber to The Tribune from ? e? ?'? I by ?ta campaigner \<-lept "The I.e.? ? ahm," to ?av with emphasis ' ? hia opinion tha a? ne? of articles by I ?? r.j N'orthclifTe now under publication ?ur n interest aivl v?tal Importance in the?o ? any cor.' ribu! to ita columns tha! I ever r? ,?.i. *.'?? - r tbia atupend ? ruggl?? ? ? ind in? otbai man liviai ' "*"? ? -.id? hi putting hia readers ?'i rapp.?r' with hia COnetuaiona. Hi? letters ??light to be immedia'ely ?n?l universally rr culated m pamphlet form K H I ? ?pril 17, 1917 Ihr Threat Against .St. John's To the Kditor of The, Tribune Sir: A few day? ?fro y.ii printed a rerj* in? terestin- ?r.n, th? se-rerar;. ?f the I - --?n Srenir and Ifiatoric Preservation .- a f'irthrr threat ? .*?' John's ?"hape!. in Varirk Strert. ?nd has .?hown us how to conduct a ? Br BI 1 at the ?>ar: ? ? ? ,.n ,.,, ?pinte?! effort*, alone other line? Will ha Tribune keep the public informed o ' '?to destroy this fine old landmark" All - nere??ary i? that the fift sho'iM he' H G ? ' ? Yerk, Apnl I?, 1917. France, Our Friend and Ally from n Speech h\: Btshop Brent at a Dinnei Given Him bjf the Cmii;t: Frana Am?rique in Pans ! ha - ? la follow I linrtivi I. r behalf <?f tl ?? i*rr>?! \ ? ' .. greatesl rcpubl - ' i . op? ? trih ful ? ? ogi ition foi hei omplaini i ? dm ?,?.. ? igg , foi (he exact ioi ponsibilit ? . ? ? ? ? ? ? of th? i?i? ervation "f the iibeiI ? nations of the world, It would be difflc ill to ? m the n aim of t .- hieh terni to bind Frs v . i together in ;? union of mutual undi ? tional tempei i political iil'-ii ? we arc c!<> -?? : ?. allied. So mu i ttr can actively serve Am-.-ti ? ruggl? i" I >? born not o . I ut als.. '.. th<- advantage of his own futta usefulnes in Preach public life. A centu and a half later America mak rcspoii m ;i Chapman and s Seeger, who in layii or Prance enrich their ov ration's annal b> the act. The Evolution ?if Our Entente Vi.ii have a pi roie cxpresi relation of nation whieh like mai French expressions, is untrs and has been incorporated as it stands in other languages entente cordiale i i ig like the lerm alliance, it has polil ?canee, il embolies much beside. An allian may stop short with a formal contract. / to tiu- heart and roul of tl inc trned. The entente cor.-. Prance for America has been ?in ??? ? ? ?? luid t already a developed for,. > our brill is ? ? ? writer, de Tocqu ville, nearl) i? ? | paid hit ? ii( America I i -iiglo phase of our lif ?,?.?l came away with such s ripe knowledj of the genius of oui nation as t?> be equippc ??i interpret us to ourselves in his "Dem? cratie en Am?rique." To another fon Lord Bryce, America is debtor for a simile ?service of national interpretation, of hig intrinsic value, ?is well as a strand in th cord binding hi? country to ours. I one : heard him say that he did not "write tli American commonwealth il wrote He was it. America at s friendly observe snd gathered much nformation in eonvei 01 during railroad travel and other infoi : mal intercourse. In the end he awoke to til thai he hurl material for a book. Thi? ability of a man of foreign blood an allegiance to interpret the chniacter of ?in other nation better even than one of its ow ? tizen nol perhaps as inexplicable as a first blush it seems. Hecause of the grav limitations of introspection, sutobiograph; .1 lowei place in letters than biogra pi.;.. The autobiographer is under the dis labilil ' vanity or modesty and say: ?either too much or too little; the biographe) :?? unhamp tri d by an} considerations othe than the facts of the ?ase. The former i 0 ? to hi material 'o ?ee it in du? pective; the Utter is free to view it il ' 'ts act mil setting. The former, provided h< - i .?i s megalomaniac, is so familiar wit! his subject that it is always stale; the lat? ter approaches it with perennial freshness These same principle; operate in national studies. Por this* reason we Americans wel ome ?uch bold portraits of our life and in* ss oui distinguished chairman of ng, Baron d'Estournelles .1" I on itant, has given us in his "Les Etats-Unis ' d'Am?rique." Nut only do they form links in the chain of friendship, bul they help us '?? know ours ( heck? ami I.apse* nf coui -, this process of international un? tending comes ?lowly and has its checks end lapaes. During our Civil War it was I with you s has been with us to-da> - ?the government snd ? large portion of the ? were nol always in accord, ?ranee ?? ."i ?? :? - quicker, perhaps, than Eng land to perceive the moral question involved ? . I?, lligen nt that was lighting t.. maki lavery s permanent principle upon whieh to establish and main? tain national life. Napoleon II, influenced by [Southern agents, presented propositions of ! intervention and mediation which did not ! represent the Blind of the Preach nation, and which received short shrift. In England It vas the industrial classes, inspired by such mrn ?? Cobden and Bright, ?has? sympa? thiea earliea! embraced the Federal cvi-e. iltured rlai ic : on th? d. with ?,?>?, exeeptioi i, espoused th? Confederate oppo - ?. rhough th? ?iiltiire.l lni.r;. I ad no mor? informa'.<m on the lubjeel than th? Fng ?? , ,r in~':t . ind from 'he star* and repreaented the mind of th? ration. In both countries officialdom '.va? c?.l?l a? : By the close of the uar ho'h ? lolidly on the aid? of the North ?? rirall-. neutral but not pn?sior ' Trade's Influence Our fur? ? toi ian of th? Ci*? il "?*? ar Kord Rhodea, ?orne twenty ven-? ;<?" -,... -, ? ? . H ?aril refer ? Engliah that th?-;, "rsoald not . Muro waa a moral question involved ? teat, becauef, und^ r the influen?a of their hatred of democracy an?l *he;r <!?? fire foi good trade and prospero?! manu? facture-?, they did no! ' lieve it: a**?l the thought that the South would probably ,| developed into a wlah for 'ti sue Then follow ?r< ? up not with? out elementa of prophecy in them: "Neverthe nol b* becoming for an American -,i ?tu foi. being trui* chil? dren of the Mother Country, il may be sua peeted that, in ?mular circumstanc? ihould liaxe likewiae erred; that had England war in u ?lieh just,ce, sup ported by the monarchv and the ariatocracy, ? ;,- on ??' ' ? lollar? and a plausihl, cau ?? on the other, the dominant aympathy in our country would have been with the Cauae which seemed linked with our ritmmercial proaperity." I do not believe, however, that i! waa coal? mercial calculation but rather a great hatre?! ive of comfort, a ' rad policy of i olation and an imperfect con? i of the m ? iki h ch have led m to experiment up to the laal n.- mi ob ??tete i of neu? trality. Then r? tli i? who from the ?p ginning have recognized that Eranea and Belgium m reaiating the in asion ?if -heir own territory war? al I ? tame tima pre? venting the future invasion of American -oil, which would have been the nc\t step in ea?e of Herman victory. With equal clearness it has been ob\ ious to all who eared to see it. that England ir, maintaining her own '"ree 1 ?lom of the seas i? maintaining that of America an?! the non-belligerent natio,-. ? I ' n the eourse of the war there hase been occasional lapeei : justice i par of the Allies * iward neutrala hav been, ?o to apeak, - ? aa diatinguiahed from criminal offence*. !t ia not f??rahou?e ? I.older to pu* in the Earn categon the thief ?and assassin who ii n? ..-- chaaed and 'he 1 policeman who in pursu ' at th?> offender i breaks the hedge and t-ample?? down the ' flower, or even the vegetable. gar?>n America's Debt to the Allies If my reasoning is true, a den* of more than gratnudc ia ?!uc the Alii???? bv America 1 <>r having borne the burden and hent of a ?-torching day in behalf of her freedom and Integrity. fii?- accidei of geogreniiv whic^ ? few thousand milea ?>!' arater bet us and them lia- obscured the fact whic'* had our borders touched those of Franc? i would have been ;'s evident as waa the value to France ?if the immortal Melgian resistance at F.e^e. It is no ! local quarrel that ii in progress. The soil of Verdun is a? acred to the cause : of universal liber'.v a-- that of Gettysburg. The conflict here, as there, was that govern - ? n( the peonie, tor the people, by the people, should not ner,-h from the earth. No man'? life was incompio a io died fight i-in. II.s mouldering body honor* the ground where hi , ,l hia sou! II? hel<l in truFt th? of .-?II men. Deep within the fort res a , of Verdun I found inscribed: "L'Allemand se bat pour opprime: : l.e Fran?ais se bat pour affranchir. Pu soit ?le la France denen?! 1?. ?or d?l monde." [? - profoundly true. , It mav be that you arc well a\?aie of ri.?'-e I thilUS yourself. Rut you need the voice of a firer.d to ?elI ?< to you ?n new language, lan? guage reverberating with the music of gra* .'?J recognition. The interpretiv, function <.f ?mother tuition come? m to inapira 'on nfresli by lifting you forth- moment out of your local problems, your intimate aorroam, your bur? dened lot. We s.'?- about France the halo ? hich she herself cannot -o?. because of the blood an?) sweat and amoke of battle. It is the halo won only by those who go through the greal tribulation under the stern guardianship of great principles, principles to which France in victory will be as true as France in I conflict. 1 Let the Rich Volunteer Surplus Wealth To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: May I stif-pest that at this time your paper might perform a useful service by de? manding that the - ? D.OO0 of jvar bonds and certificates should 1><- paid for by an ?n roine tax. Moreover, it teems to mr that the J absurdity of the propo?nl to place only a in per c : ? wai ' 0 il ' . 'n?s <v .-r a million dollars s \?ar should be commented upon. V.Istuffa and elothing are already soar ing. People with small income? an- going to ?utTer actual bard-hip ss the war continues. The main thing is to have the war burden adjusted fairly, ?n that there will b<- as little ' p and po ? ? ? ossible while tiie war is on. ? ? in ,,er cen* .. . |1,000,000 in leivii ; the poor multi-millionaires with only from $?600,000 a year up to shuffle eems, in a war-pinched country, ai ? ee and of th? pay-aa-you-go plan. Incomes of more than (100,000 should be taxed to the disappearing point m ?ar time and" continue to be so taxed .,ust s the war debt lasts. This is t-ot a niatt.-r of sentiment; it is a matter of: sheer and practical justice. The war will not be popular until the peopl? feel it is ? >. ..n with justice to all classes i.?* this before the people. Recruiting may be expected to pick up as soon as the public realize.? that the rieh are willing to volunteer lurplus wealth. K our ?oung matihoo.l g? ing 'o !"ght. inco ? ? ?. too. AM'?S PINCHOT, For tmeriean Commit!., War Finance. "for"*, Apr.I 17, 1917. "Eugenic Conscription" Indorsed To the Editor of The Tribune. ? Sir: Please let a woman with brothers, husband and sons indorse (iertrude Adele Einit-'s note in this morning's Tribune. Can there be anv objection t" this plan? It would be educational, and perhaps bring result?. :f The Tribune would publish letters from its many friends and readers on this subject. It is indeed a short-eighted policy that1 rrippl? - .? nation b* lendii .: into war. lir-t of all. the best of its young manhood. It ig thought thai th? American nation i would be, in ?very way, better and stronger could w?. have with us the descendants of the tine men of the North and South who gave their lives in the ? iv.l War. O.C.O. ? | New York. April 17, 1917. I Information for Patriots To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: I have been very much interested in noticing the comments which have been made by your paper as regards the. failure of vol? untary enlistment for the present war. and >eur persistent contention that the only sys? tem that is practical is compulsory military service. If this is true the failure of voluntary en? listment is due to the lack of information regarding the whole matter of enlistment. It ??i y difficult for any man who wants to ?nlist to find out where he can enlist, in what, branch of the army enlistment, is ac? cepted, the length of time he must offer his services, what salar; he will receive, whether he receives h'*? clothes as well as his salary, etc. If you would be willing to d-">o*-? a page of your paper each dBy for a week or !".?? t?i giving full information regarding the various services for which the unvcrnm-'n now asking volunteers and where enlistm?-nt for these services can bo made, and as much information concerning the service- as possi? ble, I feel confident that the men of our country will respond to the need of the gov ernment and that the necessary men will be found in record time. WALTER I. EHSICR. New York, April 17, 1917. .Selective Service To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Why ua?te time debating in Congress the merits of the volunteer and so-called con -cription s) sterns for securing an army? The volunteer system has always failed in the past, and always will. It is being a?Ivocated by those with pacifist leanings ? who really do not want any army at mil i because it will serve for a time as a bone of contention and work for delay. There seems to he an unreasonable preju? dice against conscription, if we must adhere to that word. Every hoy is virtually con? scripted at a certain a??e ar.d forced usually again.'! his will to sene a prescribed nuni- ( ber of years in the oublie schools. Universal military traininf* is a continuation for a vear of his enforced education slong lines ful'y ss important a* the public ?chools, even though the military knowledge acquired Is never utilized. It is no hardship and should not be so regarded. M. T. R. I New York. April 1?. 1017. Kansas Goes to War HowanOldF^Ts^Tt^-i^ 10 Kr(rmtm*andFi--h.ing ?j HKRRFRT FLCrr Lawrence, Kan. April u, m: i u_ Lawrence, a few m,ic< oat of K-st?T* kmc'> '? -? ?'-Mi^r?^ recruiting *h.- ,'-,,. -^ek 0f M M **" -, "* ' ? KaasM ??** now, and Lawrence is the bedr*T bl00'' lr|yi-*u?,iu?| th- old Free State men. th. ?l..^_??,,? New England . ',n?clenee^4^,*, " ' Uwrel 'roy'd br tki? from arros. the Missouri border a t*i* '?"?"* }'"r'?" ' 'T.ough te recall. .Von 'la ? ?t?te ?ft - -- .?--??. ?'?'"". thouiand. ?ants who are - ishame*| to fc,""" >- m a For.) ? ,,,?., ? ??,.^** who voted .gainst *..? ?,r resolt-ti? j . ""'r" ;- n : ' htm, aa it k Aral term and his te, ?r,d h? pr?L il again, aee-a. I he has g.it ?? little telegraa we sent to? ^ other day. I live in the 1200 block on Ohio St-v ?thio isn't exactly what you'd call th. ^7 ' "?" ' -'"??' '?'"uiiiaassrt nessee i? nearer ' . ? Rtvers??,.W M'11" 'i"intothe"*"--L old Kaw River o . ar(j ?a^ ? border-ruffle crowning the an the south. ?' I gf( t?v> litm. but we folks on ? -, ,-?t,? upfM, street, now thai -- ar? gettistw, pa\ injr. and bj s I .at.i On p-krilst*" Street I suppose ? n the East wosMa ?inio a "i ... et ' You ctn **-*? tntire length, through ar, archway 0f *u. greening ? tl buds.aad aabaa 'tonally ?< ?%g. The ru_ ?urn- on the itre? ?? . ha? fat "ne. I mig n i4raa* i then, the rich an for war, you ksn and, i ' an Eng?tkti too. In fact, if you ?v,?*,-.! to prove ti-. is, you might f nto Kansas hit*? and show that ?ih;o Street has alwtjr- k,? s sort of ilevard. In th? ?? days. QuantrMl snd before, Ohio ati ? western limit of the town, and beyos-j nbou* where our hick alley now is, wfrt? fields. In) ir pacifist aneesu??, caught unprepar . ?.-?hooted Miss?. bushwhackers, -~ r&tegic r* ? - by a plan !r ? ranged" .? -,'ood d< a! from the ?Somme and Ancre, to br.ng thi-^ ??own to ?late. Now 1 -> ? lerstaad, Ott? something of i | tion, and nii-Jr b?? I bering, unpatriotic West." That's ?ros-, ? my grandson, Bob, ? ould say.) It's tm i right, '.hat we folks here in Kan?;. -??' against militari im, despotism, Kaiarue r,.;.! .. army-and-navy ripai* that makes you - ? 'i-jii? of r !ic"r who got his place by pull, and wui . rore breakfast. Butwe'n-. n ??ein sii;ht. and yoa'd kr.. look out Kai ?is that last fall airr herself :? "b ? only to ?at . on the coast < onscripiing Everything Our on is goingsp'' , the L?gislature, and, having ? tarred ?st ??? ?'ate university, ?p.-nding our time nukiBf a misdemeai thatcksMM cud m other tl an the accepted direction.** so on. Befoi ?1 ?e'ril-i* I y to - ?Tiptioi I ?' ealth, universe -nal pr-?.i ?oveinment ownership ?.f railroads.*ro ?rnment control of ood, s ?.mall sad Bal war co.in.- I. -.- .'n nil bur unlimited powen' the dur?tioi i id'cal ?fora i Congress, ?? .irt -. abolitiearffc Senate, and a reduci m in the number?!''' makers hihI a few other thinf-s which I o* ' think of just bow. I guess everybody ki**" ; we believe in doing thine? thorough,*" here. We have no illui - long th is t>N croirg to II v the Kail*' ' "/??.r!-- t.. ?,, tipped do - out of his bttl-ir W ? had a litt ? war of our ows ?? Iicre in the earl) <:;<?.?. and ?'r^ek the ?a1 thai set off the < i* ; War We dont a? to boast, but we remember, if vou dont,th* , Kansa? sent nore i i? n ir.:?? the Unios i" ! for her popula; ion than any o?her statt i??' Union or lo?t more, which was it? W?1" also had ? little experience lighting ?W*" and Spaniards, nol to mention drouth ?"? .grasshoppers and chinch bugs. So look ?*" But I wish you weren't so far off w* ! twelve hundred in.!.?? away, Mr. Trik?* ? think I could talk better to you if TOS *"*"" right here. Von ?ee, I've kind o'got *.""?" place in my heart fur you. When I first?? out here in '?vi ?e a!! swore by Hors? Cr*"?*" ?mi his "letter writers" that msde L??i*'" , their headiuarter?. Greeley spoke sttta" ?' publican Convention at Ossawaton-i? i? * ; you know, when we started the G here peace to ?ta ashes! So I'm just P* to imagine you're h-r<< i?i rr.y front ySM,"" ; I can talk to you fa?'c to face snd -!*?!" i how we feel about this bere war buiiseM? \ I ni\ersity of Fighters First, just step back of the hoai* **j^ | my new garden. Yes, it dees seem ? ?,r ?to spoil such a fine b!uegra?s sod, bet , is war. you i th<- (iovernorMjr ' u# all to making g?rden, so's to help l'?<* ("ermans. Wem, ?'.?pted s f***^ ! hills of potatoes, b-i* when the chsnt?>^ , th? university as I ?aid a rr.ir.ute htlatt stufe ui lersitj ere, where Fusit* Metcalf and Fill White, all t'ghters '?? ? ii-ui part?cula! ways, you know, go* start when ihe chancellor ?aid -^'f^T*,. plant the campus to potatoes, *r* decn?"* '."> . mi(-h' spend putt of the.r time up *?*? \\ hat's that bugle call? Oh. that"?M"J ! of the hoys up at th< university, ^'oa,'?lJ i boys got up a ?or* of peace club s <?? | jears ago a Polity I lub, I thiak thsj"*^ ? it to discuss reduction of armsment*. ? marines. Monroe Doctrines, and all that i my oldeat grandson, belongs. The ?P. t?, feeling pretty strong against the **?? tion plan you fellows ?it Washington "?^ ! ing to run'through. The only wsy ?*7 I to beat it out was to raise a compati*^'.. ! unteers. Funny bo\ s, they are. *"'*_ ?? there now. drilling and studying ta? 'a ?pectacled "prof" from the EDr?T , ? School. A year or se ?g? there wsst??"' 'of dressing this "prof" down snd r* ^ . b;m out of school for being ? n,l,^*j!ri I talking preparedn.???. but he's a *v^|B I tioned sort of cusa, and so they let an armv, nut i inm-? ?????v ?? should be considered. ,eS -jHTfO? New York, April IT, 1?1?.