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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 27, 1917, Image 1

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W E A T ?M F. R
Overcast to-day and to morrow
Continued cool. Moderate, vari
able wind?;, becoming cast
lull Kr|...rt on P?ae *
r ? r c u L A TIO ?f
Over 100,000 Daily
Net Paid, Non-Returnable
ast ? the Truth: News ? Editorials - Advertisements
?>. _.?.!
I ..,,.ri?l?t 19K ?
1 iir I r ll.nne \??n i
? *
om: cent ?a
Gen. Bridges
pleads for U.S.
Army Abroad
British Commissioner De?
sires to See Americans
on Battlefield
Gerard Criticises
Speaker Clark
Former Ambassador Urges
Publishers to Back
Draft Plan
ati a
ral (J. T.
M. Fnd_
ip from
of that
aairtira*. era' A~
fren all P?
in uni
form h?". ?
! military maxim."
l_"ifr?i I
'Wttn in doubt, march to the sound of
th? i?*, upo
???Id.? of battle, that WC would
ttt the manhood of von*
to ttt th'
:. on Jack."
lupted him here
??th a stern
"You're right!" and "We'll be there!"
It *s? th -eech. all of
,..? enoed. which se
| insUint and ove:
tpplau-e (,r?ets ?.rrard
I* rt.ee. W. l.owell. K. ? ,
i iif mhr Parliament,
lid expir. of his
th? United
liberty and
??Itocrai ;.. ?I
t?r Jam? greeted
t-ili a ten ? spoke words
umt ct. i
Mr. (?t : ? f that
. volution
*t*j. R .
t**tt. but
Ht coagl
?i apite of hi>,
i?ni- ? alf.
hen he
hit tt
'.?? amh-.
Mat be
?tpt the 4
??f??r?| *
KeieaK "Serra. History"
'No?. I
i- miirht
at convention, in the middle
l__t, enougl u le over
tut that was
Ht rrouf
tattti, as
O? that
. ? n With
- ? enough
****, am; wanted
I* Sdjew rtmeril ppo?? he wanted
?J to out and call foi i olu
Unrrai ';:
Inania | ? . o'clock, ui.-l
jj May?.- Cor
?*?)? '? the pub
2*T matn ?!.-. and
ill room
* ?-** -*> - i there
***** ***-? ?pringing to
*** ***tit ? u full atin?te.
'?encrai Hridrce? a Speech
ttt General Bud;*'
'???thir.-f would ha
jj* Heater ? o have
"*S .rtfcent at tin? great repri
J* that
r**fM ht* ? um ae*
?T"t >? itation. He
*n. ko*?, , WMH
?? rn-at imp? rt?
J-"?*11' > ?If *"d
tk?t o? all the rai ml ?
tA_4**n,ro'*-* *nd cordial v l
*? ?S have tree?
"T___L?f >ou
^ ***** den-ioiihtia* relcome
,* fven u? bol h f y m p..
Iry ""? t. lie;, ,,?.? made it
J2J**ll> r;**?r that, having made
?2J? eau.e with the All:?
Jt-T*-* "Utes
7V*?7 mear.ii )n hei power, tl
?"?J tf democracy, freedom ai
?^3,/ which our cau..
TA* upheld.
^ ?-*? greateat asset of the A.
atttt**f '* th*t they ur.
?ami ??J** Hsd it not been *o WC
?T/?} aa**? continued 11
^U*. Plain to ui from the beginning,
??k_A|,*l4 AuMrl?? b> wantonly a'
^T? "???* ?Serbia and Germany bv
?^?T"'0** ?"d devaatation of Bel
^P??r*d half the world into war.
^wued on Page 11. Col. 3
Utter Exhaustion
Forces Germans
To Halt Attacks
British Consolidate Gains
at Arras in Lull
in Battle
Lcndon, \ A pause
I settled upon the pre;. eld < _ I
i of Arras apparently a pause of utter
? - rmans,
who are obliged
?niest to .-how :'<?r theii appalling sae
m'.cc. of the !a~t five day.-, while the
- thodically refor?
begun Mon
ed oui n
? of Gavrelle last . ? *houi:h the
Berlin bulletin to-da; at the
! on th<* ? .
General Haig'?i
?i. however, flatly contradicts
? ira i ii
- v -r.
enem. ttempted ck our
Hii advancing troop
titiller*, barrage and
completely repulsed."
To-day there were what
? ?? Hi ?tish sapp? i - were able
for bursting
\S\ | : | ting there
1 ?fted southward on the In ?
nine .own t?. S :
Gavrelle, Monchj :,
of which are m British hands, lie
all the Oppy
line, swung . i of Oppy,
rhii is an
. ?nie system of defence about
?m Wotan, or
nun e
but still I m
hold the Oppy
line ? retire
I l.e \\ ?)t J': Tl
la.led to do,
Valley ?i?
rew away *
a fruil pivotal
loody counter at
were still in progress, the Brit
the othei bank
o! the Searpe.
Monchy for
a while, lost moi i then
i inward to the dent
temporal ily drove
? -till helil.
At times th?- Germans, foui ai
? delivered as many
? attacks m h dl
??a*, relie. Observe? at th? front have
i Ida before the town
? ted with their dead.
Laat night also marked the climax
counter nttacki noon
The Parts night icpott sav*: "Re
'?. .
Germans, - ran.
guinary ?.<-??
- their attempt A violent ar
. act.on m the sectori .?. ?en.y
and Hurteblee wan nol followed by any
The iierman el ' ed t?. c??n
st.tuted an attempt to pry the French
from the Chemin di ? I:
Nivellc's forces overlook t?
the Aillett?- and alon?_ a mile
ami a third front t; ? about
nightfall flunir. .ii ths now familiar
mu.? attack, which merely withered
the storm of French ?hell and
machine--, un lire.
In I - agi ? thtri
?ral tierman surprise attacks which
laited. I - - ""' ??' **??
tempt to raid oti<- of
? '
tutal < anadian casualties since
April '.'. when the combined All
fensive started with the
re announced al
ranks M?i-t of them .re
wounded, th? majority ..?" th?-..?- being
slight case??.
-/ and
???i i,nge :,.
Hollweg May Outline Berlin's
Peace Terms in Reichstag Speech
Chancellor's Address Next Wednesday Expected to Carry
Programme of Non-Aggression?Austrian Press Dis?
claims Designs on Russia, But Asserts Firmness
AmsterdSf?t, April 26, The "V
i corresponden! in German)
Dr. von Bethmann Hollweg, the ]
; Get man Chancellor, ii
speech in the Reichstag, will spec
Cermu in greater
R tag ha adjourned
meet M iy 2.
\\ eser "/? ercely
J nounc i th? ." ace propagan
which i' says ilvpl,,;,; a inuddlehea?
hnd incredible misconception of G
i many's victorious position on the W
front ri 11 el tiie her si
marine warfai". The newspaper frani
? pectal oi that G<
maiiv'.- programme, in the event
. conclusion of a si pai at e i i
a, will b" ;? follows:
? front arn
d for s< rvicc in the \\ ei I.
Strike tenor among the Italians and
relieve Samara and Mosul, while wi
Russia dissolved into several ?niton
mous republics we ?hould no long
i need to guard against the l'a
The new paper adds t hal :
Germany is strong enough to defy u
,t would be an Insult to the dead at
,?i show weakness,
Russian Reports Halt
Hollweg's Peace Mov
Chancellor's Decision Sup
ported by Catholic
? openhagen i vis London . \
Dr. von Bethmann-Hollweg, c ?:
ma." Imp ' has foi.n
1 support for l?v policy ol
? ?
i hi * uppoi i comes f i om ' h
i i m ?.. Luv the most powi-i
1 fui paity m the Reichstag, whii
adopted his itandpoint if tins is st.]
Ipoiat i favoring the i x
'??foini in ' n Tran
pected, the Chancellor's ?!?
Norddeutsche Allgemeine /.eitui?-*'
: peac?
? ?,] ;.u,.-> pi
' from opponents ?m b< of th?
( hamber. rhe
his refusal to put forth del nit? peac*
i i of vi ink ?
the Pan-Germans an
. -i. ant ovei the abaence of ai
I authoritative disavowal from the gov
alisl propo
The renewed decision of the .
to commit itself vvith i
In pi . 'I tO be dl!?
act ion would plea ?? nol od
: but would cut away support from all
.vile?, and ai-o to the belief that for
' the presen? little is to be ho.
timn it- missions!*) effoi? ? n
h Hold from which I i prompt
German Troops Plead
With Russians for Peace
Petrograd, April 2?.- A telegram re
dicatei that
?the Germans are continuing uv
Itinglj tnpts to pai -ley with the
Rusi is . ?,. ?
ay? ?I a placard on v? inch was
writ;? ne, <i" not attach v. ?
also will not attack."
Ol many sectors ?,: | front
in the lh?l few ? rmans have
tiot lired a shot, evidentl) baaing fond
11,p(. m the result o
diei?' runf? if ne m Minsk Airplanes
bhv?' iiiuiipiii proclaaations which ?I
\ I-"_rr there i* a popula** movement :*i
Germany m favor of a relation of the
wir, a?*?) propose the initiation o!' peace
negotiations mutually on honorable ron
Dispatches from Kiev report that ar?
rivals from ?he front are recounting
manj instances "f partie., of Germans
lustrians carrying re?! and white
flags striving tn reach ?he Russian
tranches despite Russian lire. In one j
ome reached the Russian wire en
tanglements and were taken prisoner. ?
They told ()f a desire in the Teuton
i rank? t'or an imm?diate peace,
iiially ani?n?; the Socialist?.
German Papers Censored
Before Leaving Country
Copenhagen ? \ ia London), April u .. '
The protests of a Socialist represen- '
tative in the Reichstag committee yes?
terday called attention for the first I
i?> the fact that German news
must now- submit to a prelimi
nary censorship before bemj? permitted
j to leave the country. For some time
the Radical Socialist newspapers have
markedly behind other publica?
tions in the time of their delivery here
The authorities have evidently re?
to this means to block the chan?
nel through which disagreeable newsi
and discussions have reached foreign
< ai-.
At the -aine meeting of the Reirhs
tag committee, which was devoted to
militar) questions, it was indicated'
, that all is not satisfactory in the man-1
ufacture ol explosives. Deputy (?othein
demanded information ??s to the status
cf the production of explosives and
criticised a- inadequate a confidential
report of the Minister of War on the
military situation in the we I
Russian Government
To State War Objects
Petrograd, April Zt. The Provisional
Government is preparing s note which
? purposes tn send shortly n> the Al?
lied powers m which it will explain in
a more detailed manner its standpoint
in regar?! to the problems aid aims of
resent war. The declaration, it i?
will be in accordance with that
made on this si,
i in the previou of the
Provisional Government, on April i<?. it
ha? fres Rui lia did not aim
al the domination of other nations or!
ireeful occupa'.inn of foreign
I* - obj? i '
durable peace on ths
rights of nations tu ?lecide their own
desti: eguard
the rights of the fatherland, while ob
.-? rving tl.- | into
with ;
German Workmen
Planning General
Strike on May 1
"~ ' "
To Tie Up All Industries
as Warning to the
Amsterdam. April ?*?" To demon
Strate their strength as a warning that !
the government must accede to sil i
their demands, German workmen and ;
Socialists all over the empire ??re pre?
paring for a general strike of twenH
four hours' duration on May Day.
Berlin advices to-day reported ut
activity in Socialistic circles
arranging for the demonstration. All
industries arc to be tied up.
Washington, April L'?". Reports to
the State Hepartment through official
channels tell of a strike of '250.000 >
laborera in Berlin. While the name of
the official who gave the information is :
withheld, the department says the inci?
dent shows the growth of desire for
peace "ti the part of the workmen. It
11 reported alao 'hut bread rations
have been reduced from !,!?<l?i to l.BOO
grams per week.
Newspaper reports from Berlin, is?
sued in summarized form by the State
Department to-day. say that as a re?
sult of the continuing strike at Klbing.
the commander in chief of .ha' dis
trist has issued orders directing muni?
tion workers under leave of absence
from the front to resume work before
April 20. Unless the order is obeyed,
the statement said, the workers would
have to report immediately to military
headquarU'-rs. Inder threat of that
penalty the workers resumed their '
Committee to Urge
Republic for Germany
Former Berlin Editor Heads
Organization in
Washington, April !t dis?
patches from Berne to the State De?
partment announce the appointment
there of a committee organized for
propaganda purposes in favor of tl
tablishment of a republican form of
government in Germany. The commis
sion is h 'aded by l'r. lloese Meyer, for?
mer editor of the "Morgen Post," of
Establishment at an early .late of a
aper to further the work of *he
committee at Berac is announced. The
,'ion will be known a- the "Kreie
A Warm Welcome in Shreveport
1 Tie triumphant progress of the Tanlac juggernaut
wat abruptly halted when that hoary quack remedy
rolled into Shreveport, Louisiana. /
Samuel Hopkins Adams tells in next Sunday's
I ribune of the pretty fight that developed when the
Vigilance Committee of the Shreveporl Ad Club side
t;,uked Tanlac.
Not the least remarkable part of Adams's story is
the list of well-known newspapers that have blazed the
trail for Tanlac through the South.
You get the whole unvarnished tale in next Sun
tlay's Tribune. Remind your newsdealer to day to
iavc yours.
=2=33: he ^imitay ?ribui_je-s?=
U-Boats Bring
Crisis Home
To the British
People Begin to Realize
Whole Allied Cause
Is Imperilled
More Submarines
Than Ever at Work
I lundreds of Craft Arc
Laying Mines in
Sea Lanes
?Ii-. i, .- t., Tii? TrUNMel
London, April 24. By June 1 t.veiy
European coin,try, with the possible
exception of England, ?rillharaadopted
compulsory rationing, as well as sonic
form of food cards. This applies both
tu neutrals and to heilig? rent?.
The probabilities are that England
will be included, though it is possible
th? government will delay rationing,
until July.
I make these statements after a talk
with an official familiar with every i|e
tail "f the food situation. Nothing
ha? brought home the seriousness of
the food situation so well as the Ad
miralty list of the sinkings in the last,
week. N in? ..f th?. warnings of Lloyd
f.eorgc, Sir Edward ?'arson and Lord
Dcvonport impressed on the people the
nenl of economy BO much as the report
?.?? th? loss of lifty-tive Rriti**h ships in
one week.
With the store windows fillei'. with
bicad and cakes, groceries, fruits and
Candies, and with many people enjoy
ir.c the greatest income of their lives,
a large part of the country has contin?
ued to smile wisely and consider the
disappearance of the potato find the
shortage of sugar as merely interest?
ing incidents of little actual consc?
Britain*? Life at Stake
In the last week peuple have begun
to understand that the Herman offen?
sive on the sea is no* of secondary im?
portance, that t.rcat Britain is involved
in two major campaigns, that ?he can?
not succeed on land without winning
on the sea, and that on hev supremacy
ai sea depend? n?r ..hole life.
Better weather and longer days bave
given the submarines the opportunity
they were ?waiting. More U-boats
than ever before are now at work tor?
pedoing and laying mines. The Gcr
n.ans seem to have concentrated on
mine layers, probably because, though
the mine layer's power of destruction
i.-. more uncertain, it can work with
I? ss risk, as it does not have to rise to
the surface. There is no question that
ti? campaign has been greatly intensi?
Since the Admiralty has intiodueed
the practice of ..ivinn. numbers without
exact tonnage, it has announced the
loss of ltix ships of over 1, .00 ton.', an.I
s? venty-two under that tonnage. In
these titilles ship- In the government
service are not included. Then there
ia the loss of other Allied as well as
Hutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish and
Spanish ships io consider.
In a little ??ver two months (lerman
tcrpedoes an?l mines probably have de?
stroyed more ships than in any four
previous months.
I rge Truth as to Lossei.
There ia strong agitation for a re?
vision of the Admiralty decision not to
reveal the losses in tonnage, opponent?
of the system holding that it is more
important to impress the public with
the seriousness of the situation than
to withhold information which might
help the enemy.
"The Times" says: "The sen-e of se?
curity engendered is dangerous because
it is false and a bad preparation for
the trials which are certainly coming.
It would be far better to tell "th,- whole
'The Telegraph" declares: "No suc
n land can compensate for failure
at sea. The whole Allied cause is im?
perilled in long as the losan al
exceed the production of new ?hips I
i?j useless to lean on America, antici?
pating that She will solve our problem.
' .-i will assist, but nothing she
i-F.n do will i-ave us from the consc
quencea of a lack of ef?oit on our own
I'.l! t."
"Th-- Post" is ?tren mon- pessimistic,
announcing that "British .-ca pou
understood prior to the war, no longer
British shipyards never worked undar
i praeaura than to-day. But ?Jreat
Britain needs every ton that America
can launch .--he needs it now.
The Food Crisis
Id o us a r. ?is and thousands o;' men and
women aie verklag every spare mo?
ment in their gardens. Some are even
? I planting by moonlight.
Hut these gardens will not begin to
middle ol June. De?
pendence on this seaaon'a crops ia dan
becau. ? tin- weather may be
a? ? : -I ., gOOd : I
That ?a why the Food Controller la,
building the machiner*! for compulsory i
rationing, meanwhile beseeching the,
people to practise economy and hoping
that Anu-tica will appreciate of what
?ious importsnce its economic
a?si?tance will b?.
In many homes bread i? no longer
not because it ii impo --iule to
get, but because people can afford only i
a -ubstitute. At most public dinners ,
bread is e.th.r omitted irom the menu
or oatmeal crackers are sub-ttituted.
Many people have stopped using sugar |
in their tea or coffee. Potatoes from
1 .?nary I?land? are being sold at
its a pound, and all other kinds*
are being used only for planting.
It seems highly probable that the ?
government will soon prohibit the
brewing of ale, while much of the '
i ?pints may be command?iered
for the manufacture of high explo
I'ickled lei ring, Swedi.-h turnip-, gulls'
and manv other foods seldom
used in ?'?real Britain are now being j
The pinch is bound to come, but its
?; d?pendu largely upon the help
America give?. War does not wait.
Joffre and Baker
In War Council;
Viviani Confident
Big Loan to Give
Allies $400,000,000
Borrowed Funds To Be Spent
Here; Big Loan May Be
Spread Over a Year
Washiagtaa, April 21. Preliminary I
report-? to the Treasury Department, :
upon which Secretary McAdoo will
base his recommendations to the Pre
ident as to the -i/.e of the first bord
issue tu.der the "7.000,000.000 war li
nance law, indicate that the I'nitcd
States will be called upon to financ ?
the Allies to the extent of at lea-*
$400.000.000 and possibly $500,000,000
a month.
The tentative programme also cal's
*"or the expenditure of virtually every
dollar of the borrowed money in this
country for foodstuffs, munitions, coal,
clothing, railway equipment and other
The estimates indicate the following
Entente needs: For Great Britain
$200,000,000 to $2.")0.000.000 a month;
for France, $100,000,000 to $120,000,
000; for Russia, an amount undeter?
mined, but up to $100,000,000 a month,
depending largely upon the ability cf
manufacturing plants in this country ?
to meet her demands, mostly for sup?
plies other than foodstuffs and muni?
tions; for Italy, $jO,0O0.00(t a month. \
May Lait a Year
Should these requirements be met:
in their entirety, the $.'1,000,000,000 |
available for lending the Allies would
be exhausted in from six to seven and
one-half month?. It is likely, however,
that preliminary estimates can b;
pared down |0 that the loan can be
made to cover perhaps a year.
Secretary McAdoo and his assistants
devoted to-day almost wholly to n
study of Kntcnte financial needs and
"methods to be followed in placing the
money at their disposal. Callers ir
cluded Lord Cunlitfe, Governor of tht
Bank of Kngland, with Sir Cecil
Spring-Rice, the British Ambassadoi,
and other embassy officials; a delega
tion from the French Commission and
the Italian Ambassador. Count Dl Co!
With French and Italian representa?
tives the needs of those nations were
discussed in detail. France, it was
represented, vvas spending from $2?)",
000,000 to |220,000,(. abroad, one
half or more of which is being paid
out in the Cnited States. One-quarter
of the French foreign spending? go to
Great Britain, her chief source of coal
and other supplies. m
The Nations' Problems
It is understood that representations
were made to the United States that
a heavy burden would be lifted from
French shoulders if a w-ay could be
found to furnish France with |200,
000,000 to 1220,.'.?on monthly, de?
signed to cover her expenses, not only
in the United States, but a part of
those ?n other countries.
Italy's chief concern i? with her food?
stuffs and coal supplies. The situation
there is said to demand relief as soon
as it can be furnished.
Russia's immediate need for credits
is to furnish her with foodstuffs, rail?
way equipment, to make effective her
military transportation system, and
other supplies, a study of conditions in
detail being contemplated by the Amer?
ican commission. Of which Klihu Root
will be chairman, soon to visit, that
? a ? ?
Germans Again Shell
Rheims Cathedral
Irritated by French Advance,
They Fire on the
Famous Edifice
Paris, Aiu:1 26. Stung by the
steady advance of the French funt, j
the Germans to-day threw 'iftee'i '
large calibre shells at the Rhein*.?,
ira!, damaging several impor? '
tint parts of the famous monuirii'..
Kncouraged by their first gucce?
teen more heavy shells were thrown
upon the vaults and tower*.
The northern tower suffered most
trom the shelling and is leaning and
may give way at any time. The vaults
ami transept have suffered irreparable ,
loss. The projectiles are of the M
tiiill,metre size. Some of these hu;-,;
les crashed into the building 09
First American Taken
As Prisoner of War
Glasgow Consul's Report May
Mean That U. S. Vessel
Has Been Sunk
London. April M. The taking of the
f'.rst American prisoner of war was re?
ported to the American Embassy to?
day through the American Consul at
The Germans often take prisoner cap?
tains of merchantmen sunk by their
submarine?, in view of this fact, the ,
above dispatch may mean that an !
American vessel has been sunk
rmm pi **.< n -
No work \ KM <- IKM II ?. . i ,|?
t KM - IMiKI Ilil.K No I
. thing ?a rpll! ? A4, t.
Wilson Receives ?-French
Conferrees and Dines
with Leaders
"War to the Death!"
Says Mission's Chief
Army and Navy Chiefs
Confer; Message Given to
American Peace
Washington, April 2'"? Preliminary
conferences between members of the
French war mission and American gov
emment officials began to day, after
the leading commissioners had paid
??fTicial calls upon President Wilson,
Vice-President Marshall and Secre?
taries Lansing. Baker and Daniels.
Of foremost importance was a long
talk between Marshal .loffre and mem?
ber! of his staff and Secretary Baker,
General Scott, chief of staff, and sev?
eral other American army officers. It
took place at the home of Henry White,
former American Ambassador to
France, where the French visitors aro
being entertained as tbe gaatti of th??
t ation.
France is known to desire the send
in-- of an American expeditionary force
to cooperate with her armies, and Mar?
shal Joffre came to the Cnited States
prepared to give reasons for the opin?
ion of Fr?neh military experts thai
the sending of such .1 force is advisa?
ble. Information regarding the meet
I ing between the military leaders was
??-'oor. after the conference Ren? \ i
| viani. Vice-Prctt ier of France and head
of !he mission, made a statement to
| the American preas, in which he de
i clued th.it the cooperation of the
! Cnited States in the war would mean
I not only a victory for France, which
, already was sseired, but a victory for
I morality and rght. which will "for
j ever secure the existence of a world
"' which all our children shall draw
free breath in full peace and undis
turbed pursuit of their labors."
Vivlani'a Statement
M. Viviani's statement follows:
"I promised to receive you after hav?
ing reserved, as elementary courtesy
required, my first communication solely
for the President. I have just had th?
honor, which I shared with the other
members of the mission, of being re?
ceived by him.
"I am indeed happy to have been
chosen to present th<* greetings of ths
French ?.public to the illustrious man
whose name is in every French mouth
to-dav. whose incomparable message is
at this very hour being read and com
mented upon in all our schools as th*
most perfect charter of human right.
and which so fully expressed th?
virtues of your race long-suffcrin*
patience before appealing to force, an?
force to avenga that Iong-sufferini
patience when there can be no othe;
| means.
"Since you are here to listen to me
1 ask you to repeat a thousandfold tn.
expression of our deep gratitude? fo
the enthusiastic reception the Amer
?can people has granted us in Wash
ington. It is not to us, but to ou
beloved and heroic France, that recep
tior. was accorded. We were proud t
be her children in those inforgettabl
moments when we read in the radianc
of the faces we saw the noble sincerit
of your hearts.
"And I desire to thank also the prei
of the United States, represented b
you. I fully realize the ardent and dii
interested help you have given by you
propaganda in the cause c
right. I know your action has bee
incalculable. Gentlemen, I thank you
Salutes American People
"We have come to this land to salul
the American people and its goven
ment; to call to fresh vigor >ur lif?
long friendship, sweet and .-ordial i
the ordinary course of our lives, at
which these tragic hours have rais?
to all the ardor of brotherly love -
brotherly love which in these last yea
of suffering has multiplied its mo
touching expressions. You have giv?
help t.ot only in treasure, in eve;
act of kiadness and good will. F
us your children have shed their bio?
and the names of your sacred dead a
inscribed forever in our hearts.
"It was with a full knowledge of t
m-aning of what you did that y
acted. Your inexhaustible generosi
WM not the charity of the fortuni
to the distressed it was an antrmati
of your conscience, a reasoned appro?
of your judgment.
"Your fellow countrymen knew tl
under the savage assault of a nation
prey which has made war no quot<
famous saying!, its 'national industt
vu were upholding with our mco
parable allies, faithful and valiant
the death, with all those who are fig
im* -l.oulder to shoulder with us
the tiring line, the sons of ind?mita
Knglsnd. a struggle for the viola
rights of man. for that demo<*xi
I spirit which the forces of autocr
?etc attempting to crush through

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