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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 29, 1917, Image 1

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C^etrsst to-day. probably followed
bf showers to-night and to?
morrow; continued cool;
fresh east winda.
mil Krpert ?a faga ?
V^^ Ft rut in It
??**
iMtmnc
CIRCULATION
Over 100,000 Daily
Not Pai'l. Non-Returnable
First to Last ? the Truth: News ? Editorials - Advertisements
Vol. LXXVH No, 25.732
'Copyrl-rtit isi:?
The Tribune AviV;
SUNDAY, APRIL 20, ?917-SIX PARTS?FIFTY-SIX PAGES
? ?
FIVE CENTS AX
British Take
Arleux and
Enter Oppy
Desperate German Defence
Fails to Hold Back
Haig's Troops
Battle Develops
On Ten-Mile Front
English Flyers Bring Down
Three Hostile 'Planes
and One Balloon
*-..-.-? the most
-rate counter attacks vet cxpe
tn on the Arras battlefield,
?ps to-day beat their way
forward along a ten-mile front, stormed
%s ' ut-an-Cnhelle, one of the bastions
e, a:.d swept furth*r
aero?? th? line itself, right down to the
north hank of the Scarpe. Though the
?r- ?till defending their po
avagely in disconnected forti
ilaig's victory means thst
z must soon fall back to the
--. three miles nearer Douai.
* line runs from Lens to
..?*. of Ar'eux. which is
a semi-circular supplcmen
isnoy it parses by
Oppy, and thence, to Roeux, on the
Scsrpr-. ! eg romewhat to the west of
the positions the British occupied on
men th i? morning
cspt-iv i Arleux and surged forward on
a front of more than two miles north
?:.- nth ? : the v.lage. The night
*" "In the neighbor?
hood of Roeux and Oppy heavy light?
ing . 'x" Biit correspond
- army declare that
half the town of Oppj is already held
men in khaki. Roeux seems to
an hands, but the Brit?
ish aie battling stubbornly against
ave of derman attackers for
tha cemetery which ad
thc village.
Roans aid Gavrelle, where
Germans have wafted so many
thousand- in fruitless counter attack?,
the British fought their way up the
of Greenland Hill, one
o? the laft organized centres of Ger
?ran defence.
Troop** Cross Srarpa
Roeux the fighting crossed
? ani Rrit:--h detachment*?
.: couth from the
? -itions north of
were rcgis
? up to the Aebeville-Vtray
' far 1 Lens, and 500 Ger
?lers have already been sent
"?jph the linea.
n the war has there been
than along this sector.
.lernotionHl British communiqu?
: be Germans counter at
vrly with large forces and
avily from the Britiah fire,*'
hut ? the front declare that
ghtars charged across
almost like
?war.- be literally
own by the British barrage
' ondary iirc of the machina
.
I that the ferocity of
thrusts indicates
.- action bus
or Queant
? Drocourr lir.e, is not yet complet?
?ion. The German batteries
? anywhere near equalling
hurled from the
? l. H the )
- walls of
? --my's
? ? bei "er
uied lavishly, and se\eral new divisions
bave ? n identified in to-day's
al accounts of the ha'tle
? rasan ?lay report
Ftei e bombard
to ?irum-lire, thi
mi a front which
! from Loos to St. (Juentin.
The ! .- bulletin contracts this
,'ound to thirty kilometres
t but declares that
in complete defeat.
? 'a." ?t says, "the
'third time fa'led
temp ? ttei pt to break
Important Cains Made
enthusiastic of the corre
? ? only give
the front of the attaeh as ten mile?,
tsd alang almost very point of this
vit gains wer?- mad?-.
La*-' this M-ctor thai* was
?ng uproar of guts carefully
previously determined Ger
?an positions. At daybreak the range
?si m r-'. iv-tPTided, and the khaki
farbeH ranks moved quietly forward.
eux was intrusted to
, and they had
1 ?? nnan
"?out' . ime promptly, but the
Cana-n*-? ? Hst of the town
?? hsnd-to-hand combats and drove
tati?' back to their shelters.
Arleux if only nine miles from Douai
"B"l slightly les? than two from the
?"?tan line. .? trategically It menaces
'as trench systems which the G*?r
?*"? are still holding south of Lens,
?">"! the village of Urocourt. where the
Hp line turns northwest to estab- ,
?-elf on Hill 70, sou'heast of
Mas.
irh the British batteries coneen
?"ated their fre- to their utmost capac
1 are no longer playing upon
****\*r trench systems, but must feel
?t hidden field defences, constructed,
???n hastily, but with extreme art.
*Ja con-equence, at home points the
??man barbed wire entanglement*
~*t* not entirely demolished and
?jjsed the Advancing Tommies some
J"?nlty. Nowhere, however, were
2*7 held up, except, on the outskirts
w noeux.
Throughout the fighting the British
"*r* were active, though the day was
**--. Yesterday four German planes
**A a hostile balloon wrre destroyed,
-acnheuig three of their
?*? machines.
< -plum of btltrr ?tjki
eArrtit tnirl o'ht r i? <ir ?f<< a- nn
I
Congressmen Ask'
Lloyd George to
Press Home Rule
Settlement of the Problem
Would Enthuse America,
Cable Says
[Fi?did Th? Tribuna Bur??i'?
Washington, April 28.- Signed by
: more than 100 members of the House
of Representatives, a cablegram to
Premier Lloyd t.eorge urging that the
Irish problem be settled was dispatched
to-night.
Representative Gallivan, of Roston,
drafted the message immediately on
reading Lloyd George's speech before
the British Parliament- Speaker Champ
(lark was the first to sigti it, Gallivnn
?econd, and Representative Fitzgerald,
of Rrooklyn, third.
1-ollowiiig is the cable:
"You aro quoted as saying that 'the
settlement of the Irigh question is es
rential for the peace of the world and
for a speedy victory in the war.'
"May we, members of the American
??s, suggest that nothing will
add moro to the enthusiasm of Amer?
ica in this war than a settlement now
of the Irish problem.
"We believo that all Americans will
be deeply stirred and their enthusias
fort enlisted if the British empire
will now settle this problem in accord?
ance with the principles announced by
President Wilson in his address to
Congres? a.king it to declare war on
autocracy for the world-wide safety of
racy and of small nationalities."
Hospital Ship Plan
To Cause Reprisals
Germany Objects to Exposing
Her Wounded to U-Boat
Reprisals
< npenhagen, April 28. Announce?
ment was made befoic the Reichstag
Mam Committee in Berlin yesterday
that Germany will adopt the sharpest
reprisals if German prisoners are em
larked on hospital ships of the Allies
and exposed to the danger of torpe?
does.
The sinking by the Germans of the
British hospital ship Lanfrano last
wrek caused the death of fifteen Ger?
man wounded, who were hemp, trans?
ported to Kngi.nd. The British Ad?
miralty announced that as the Ger?
mans were sinking hospitals ships with?
out any regard to international law
the distinctive markings of these ves
>els had been removed, and that virtu?
ally all the hospital ships had on board
l.ermen wounded, who would b? ex?
posed to submarine attacks.
The French government announced
that on account of Germany's policy
?,?man prisoners would be embarked
on French hospital ship?.
Every pn trial if ficr.snn
must nnd ALL of Tlii:
GREAT AMERICAN
a HAS ARIES A XI)
I, A H I) E Ii S A K K
BARK on Paye 8.
Masses Forced the Duma
To Help Set Russia Free
It Was Faint Hearted When the Great
Test Came and Would Have Saved the
Romanoff Dynasty First True and Se?
quential Account of the Revolution,
Reproduced from Its Official Bulletins
By ISAAC DON LEVINE
The full story of the Russian revo
lution has just arrived in this coun
try.
The news bulletins Issued dally dur
ing the revolution by the executive
committees of the Duma and the Coun?
cil of Workmen's and Soldiers' Depu
ties have come, to The Tribune. It it
possible now to give a sequential ac?
count of the dramatic events that oc?
curred in Petrograd in the middle ol
March.
Contrary to the impression create*!
by the news dispatches, it appear
that the overthrow of Csaristn wai
not the work of the Durns, but of the
labor classe:,.
When Paul Miliukoff, the Dumn
leader and now Foreign Minister, first
became aware of what was going on
in the streets of Pc-trograd he ex?
claimed: "It will be over in a quarter
of an hour," expecting the soldi? ?
police to crush the revolution. The
Duma, therefore, was not prepared for
a successful revolution. It was only
when the masses had w-on over the
soldiery and defeated the police that
the Duma joined in the upheaval. Or?
ganized labor movements produced the
great results that astonished the
world.
Beginning with a Strike
On March the 6th a strike began.
On the 7th all the textile workers
were out.
On the 8th the last newspapers ap?
peared. The whole populaco of the
city turned out into the streets with
cries of "Give us bread!" lor two
days the Cossacks and soldier., >?? :.t
out to dispers? th? crowds, fraternized
with them, accompanied by universal
ovations.
Demonstrations began on .Sunday,
March 1). Hundreds of thousands
marched toward the Winter Palace.
This date marks the beginning of the
revolution. On Sunday afternoon the
police charged the crowd-., but the
soldiers ordered to do so refused point
blank. The police were savage, caus?
ing considerable cnsualties.
The storm, however, burst on Mon?
day, March 12. Knormou* crowds
rushed to the arsenals and arms fac?
tories to arm themselves. The cordons
of police were everywhere smashed,
and with the help of the soldier? the
worklngmen turned upon the police.
Th* Revolution's Newspaper
The first bulletin was issued on the
afternoon of March 12. Across the
whole page is a three-line head read?
ing:
"The Newspapers Are Not Appearing.
Erante Are Developing Too Rapidly.
The Population Ought to Know What i-,
Going On."
The bulletin contain? the Czar's edict
dissolving the Duma and the Duma's
resolution not to close its session.
'
Twenty-five thousand soldiers joiner
the revolutionists on that day.
At t o'clock in tho afternoon a depu
tation of these soldiers arrived at th?
Duma to find where it stood. Rodr.i
anko, the president, communicated tc
this delegation the Duma's resolution.
Rodzianko also said that he had wirer
to the Czar, the commanders in chiel
and the chief of staff on March 11
Oil the 12th he .?ent to the Kmperor th.
la*.t telegram, which read in part: "Th?
last hour has arrived to decide the fate
of the country and dynasty."
At 2 o'clock the revolutionary sol?
diers, followed by the armed populace
arrived at the Duma. The Socialist
Deputies, Tchkhcidze, Kcrensky and
SkoboloY, came out to address the revo?
lutionary army. The latter enthusias?
tically greeted the radical leaders, lie
chiefs of the revolution then detailed
rebel soldiers to cuard the. Duma and
take over its telephone and telegraph
apparatus.
At 2:30 o'clock the Duma net. The
question of organizing a temporary
committee to restore order in Petro?
grad Was discussed. In view of the
crowded assembly it was decided to let
the ? ouncil of KIders of tho Duma ap?
point this committee. It became known
under tho name of the Temporary Kxe
cutivc Committee of the Duma.
Rise of the Super-Radicals
The same day representatives of the
revolutionary working men, soldiers
and some radical intellectuals met in
the building of the Duma and organ?
ised the Temporary Kxeeiitive ("nmmit
te? of the (ouncil of Workmen'? and
Soldiers' Deputies. Immediately the
committee issued a manifesto calling
upon the soldier." an?l the workmen of
the city to hold elections and vote for
Deputies to this newly constituted
?ouncil. The elections were held, on
the base of one Deputy per thousand
voters. The committee also issued an
appeal to the people of i'etrograd to
?eed the hungry soldiers who fought
all day for the revolution.
Taking the Ruasian Baalile
The (lay was eventful in the progress
of the rebellion. The President of the
Imperial ?ouncil. Stcheglovitov, was
arrested and imprisoned at 5:30 o'clock
in the building of the Duma. The fa?
mous prison, "Krest*.," v here political
offenders were held m large numbers,
was taken by the revolutionary army
the same afternoon. The smaller
priions were captured almost without
opposition. The fortress of St Peter
and St. Paul, the Russian Bastile, was
Ikon taken over by the revolutionists.
The Secret Service Dep?rtment wm set
on fire. All the archives were de
itroyed. So numerous and bulky were
pionage documents that for three
?lays they continued to burn.
Premier Resigned by Telephone
i'etrograd went to bed on Monday
, Mairh 12, under the protection
n! he revolutionary army. Two ?oni
mi'tees, simultaneously formed, repre
?enting the Duma and the rebels, were
already functioning as the i-ole govern
Continued on Page JO, Col. 1
Balfour to Put
Wreath on Grave
Of Washington
British and French Missions
to Decorate Mount Vernon
Tomb To-day
Revolution Breach
Healed by Britain
Bronze Leaf from France to
Rededicate Spirit of
Democracy
Washington, April 28. With the
groundwork laid for a working agree?
ment with America in the common
cause agair.st Germany, the British and
French war missions will rededicate
their united efforts to democracy to?
morrow in impressive ceremonies at
th? tomb of George Washington, at
Mount Vernon.
Through her Foreign Minister, Ar?
thur James Balfour, and in the pres?
ence of nianv of the foremost lesders
of the British Empire Great Britain
will publicly psy homage to the mem
cry of the man who in the name of
democracy led the revolution which
tore one of the brightest jewels from
the Rritish crown. A wreath will be
placed on the tomb by Mr. Balfour, ss
the representative of the British gov?
ernment, signalizing a public manife?
tation of honor seldom equalled in
Rritish history.
France, through former Premier
Viviani, now Minister of ?lustice, and
Marshal JofTre, popular idol of the
French people, will accord to the
Father of the American Republic the
highegt honor within the gift of
France. In placing a bronze palm leaf
on the sarcophagus France's two lead?
ers will complete the original purpose
of their mission to this country, in
paying homage to America's fore?
fathers, to whose aid France came in
lTTfi.
Will Heal War Breach
The union of Great Britain, France
and the United States over the tomb
of Washington will symbolize to Amer?
ica's guests a consummation of the
joint crusade against German autoc?
racy Members of both missions spoke
of the ceremonies to-day as carrying a
great significance. To Kngland it means
tho final healing of the breach made
by the Revolution; to France, a recon
secration of the ide?is of the two coun?
tries along the best lines of democracy.
The party will go to Mount Vernon
on the Presidential yacht Mayflower,
accompanies by the members of the
Cabinet and their wive?, military and
naval officers, Chairmen Padgett and
Swanson, of the House and Senate
na\al committees, respectively, and
Governor Stuart of Virginia. More
than 100 American officials, all told,
will be in the party.
Roth the British and French mis
,,irin? made considerable progress to?
day in their conferences with American
officials.
Experts Lay Out Plans
Intensive discussions by experts
along the lines laid out by Mr. Balfour
occupied the British. Major C. E. Dan
sejr, of the British War Office, con?
tinued his discassions with General
Scott, ehlef of staff; Admiral Sir Dud?
ley R. S. do (hair talked with Navy
Department chiefs on maritime ques?
tions, and A. G. Anderson, chairman of
the Wheat Evecutiv? Commission of
England. Franre and Italy, saw mem?
bers of the Shipping Board.
British trade experts conferred at
the British Embassy in an effort to
systematize the information requested
by American officials on trading with
the cnein>, export restrictions, the ra?
tioning of Holland and Scandinavia
and German trade, influences in South
America,
Groundwork for understandings on
various subjects relating to the con
duel ?>f naval, military and economic
war against Germany ?aas laid at the
conference between the French and
American officials. Tangible results
are expected within the next few days,
after President Wilson personally has
taker, part in the proceedings. Monday
the President will confer with Viviani,
head of the French mission, at the
White House.
So far President Wilson has not had
an opportunity to discuss details with
the representative? of France, the for?
mal meeting at the White House fol?
lowing the arrival of the mission hav?
ing been devoted entirely to broa?l gen?
eralities.
.loflrc Wants I . S. Army
Definite prohiem-, of the war wore
discussed at the French conferences to?
day. M-rr.ber? of the military section
of the missien, which is headed by
Marshal lorTre, conferred at length
with the American army officers, and
Marshal Joffre appeared to be increas?
ingly interested in the idea of having
:?r American expeditionary force in
France. He and other members of the
mission made known to representatives
ot the W.-i Department their Tiew that
activo participation n the war on a
?arge scale bv the I'nited States with?
out adequate prepararon invites enor?
mous losses.
Conferences between member? of the
French naval section and representa?
tives of the Navy Department also were
continued to-day.
At noon leading members and offi?
cials attended a luncheon given in their
honor by Assistant Secretary of State
Phillips, and late in the afternoon the
visiting Frenchmen were present st a
tea given by the French Ambassador
and Mme, .lusseiand To-night the
party separated, eivilai members at?
tending a ?liiiiiei- giren in their honor
hy Attorney Genera! Gregory, the mili?
tary section attending a dinner given
bj Secretary Baker and the naval sec?
tion being the gue*ts at a dinner given
by Secretary Daniels.
The Inited State?, it became known
to day, probably will he invited by the
British ?to ?end commissioners to Eng
?n-id to familiarize themselves with
British ?methods of trade regulation
and control.
Congress Passes Draft Bill
By a Big Majority; Senate
Is for Roosevelt's Division
Provisions of the Draft BUI
Washington, April 28.?The selective draft army bill passed
by Congress to-night authorizes the President?
To raise the regular army to its maximum war strength of
28 7,000 men from its present strength of about 145,000 men;
To increase the strength of the National Guard to a war foot?
ing, or about 625,000 men, from a present strength of about
I 30.000 men;
Besides the above, to draft immediately 500,000 men be?
tween the ages of 2 1 and 27 (or 21 and 40, under the House bill) ;
To draft an additional quota of 500,000 men and begin their
training whenever in his judgment he deems it necessary;
To prescribe regulations for the registration, calling out and
training of both these draft armies.
Legislative, executive and judicial officers of the United States
and of all the states are exempt, as are ministers and members of
religious sects with convictions against war.
The President is empowered to exempt, or to draft for partial
service only, custom house clerks, persons handling the mails,
workmen in arsenals, navy yards and armories; persons engaged
in industries necessary to the maintenance of the military estab?
lishment, pilots and mariners of the merchant marine, persons
having dependent families and all persons morally and physically
deficient.
The Senate bill prohibits the sale of liquor to soldiers. The
House did not vote on this.
Britain's People Want
To Face U-Boat Facts
Even the Government's Strongest Supporters Demand
the Publication of Loste?, Waving Aside Its Defence
That This Would Furnish Information to Enemy. Public
Not Expected to Oppose Being Put on Compulsory
Rations
By ARTHUR 8. DRAPER
(By Cab.? i" Th?, Tribune]
London, April 28. Great Britai
wants to face the tacts, however dii
agreeable or alarming.
The government's strongest support
ers demand the publication of tonnag
losses from the submarines, wavin
aside its defence that this would fui
nish information to the enemy.
If the government persists in ft
stand of refusing to publish even th
German estimates which are sent ,ou
by wireless it must face unanimou
opposition.
The tonnage figures could hardl;
hearten -the Germans more than th'
editorials and news items appearing ii
most of the papers. For instance. th<
editor of "The Daily News" states
"We have got Germany by th? throa
on land, and she has got us by thi
throat on the sea." Lord Northeliffe'i
"Evening News" in flashv headline:
asks: "Does Germany rule tne waves'.'
It is seldom that these two bittei
newspaper enemies agree on any ques
tion, and I cite them to show how gen
eral is the demand for full informa
tion about the U-boats.
Ever since its formation the presen!
government has been on trial. It has
had an unusually good press, but that
press is now becoming extremely criti?
cal. Lloyd George's mild attack on the
late government in his ?iuildhall speech
did not improve matters, as a reading
of the Liberal press shows. "The
News," "The < hronicle," "The Man?
chester Guardian" and "The West?
minster Gazette" rush to the defence
of the old r?gime, holding Lloyd
George himself equally responsible for
any mistakes of the past.
Political Crisis Unlikely
Inder other conditions Great Britain
might expect a fresh political crisis,
hut on? _reat fact stands in the way.
Aligned against the government are a
number of hostil? elements which, com?
bined, could easily unseat it. But they
refrain because it would mean a gen?
eral election.
All the present trouble centres
around the submarine, which ha? be?
come the createst factor in the war
1 to-day. The Premier's suggestion thi
even Germany did not at first realiz
the potency of the submarine i
doubted by "The Times," which says
"We believe he is mistaken and ths
the Germans set to work at a ver
early period systematically to develo
the submarine."
His other statement that the sut
marine problem has been bothering th
government for two and a half year
prompts the question of why a Cabine
official declared in the summer of 191
that the situation was "well in hand,
and as to why similar statements wer
made at the time of the Sussex note.
But responsibility for the past is o
little consequence compare?! to th'
future. The only reason for referrini
to it is to show how it has been use?
for political purposes. Next week'i
figures on shipping losses will b?
awaited with even greater interest thai
tha news from the battlefield.
Next week the public will probabl*
learn when they will be put on com
pulsory rations. So far as I can learr
the public has not the least objectior
to such a course, and it could be in
troduced without serious protest. Th*
greatest problem is not how the peopl?
will take it, but the preparation of tin
machinery necessary to carry out th
scheme. Many would welcome it, be?
cause it would simplify their problem?
and reduce the cost of living.
Campaign on Breweries Gains
The campaign for closing the brew?
eries is gaining strength, as is also
the crusade against racing. The end
of June and the beginning of July will
see the hardest economic pinch Eng?
land has experienced, but immediately
after that it. is expected that the crops
will relieve the situation temporarily.
"The Times'' says: "We must impress
the government with the importance of
getting on with compulsory rationing,"
and it voices a very general feeling.
In connection with the submarine
problem. Carlyon W. Bellairs has given
notice that he will make a motion in
tiie House of Commons calling on the
Cabinet to adopt for the navv. the War
Office practice of having a separnte
staff for the conduct of the war, free
from administrative work. The gov?
ernment will also be asked to extend
the policy of placing command of fleet
?quaf'rons. patrol areas and naval
bases in the hands of selected officers
I in the prime of life.
"The Liberty Loan
Of 1917," Named by
Secretary McAdoo
Washington, April 2?. The great
loan which the United States is about
to raise by bond issue, soon to be an?
nounced, will go down in history, Sec?
retary' McAdoo announced to-night, offi?
cially designa'ed a? "the liberty loan
of 1917."
This name was s?lected by Mr. Mo
Adoo because the money derived from
the loan will be spent to the last dol?
lar in the f;ght which democracy i?
waging against autocracy. No mor?
?uitable name could be found. Secre?
tary McAdoo believe?. Many have been
suggested, but th? one selected, Mr.
McAdoo said, not only characterize? the
purpose to which it will be devoted, but
bring? to mind a vivid and clear cut
mental picture of America'? purpo?? in
! entering the war.
The Treasury Department issued the
following ?tatemen*.:
?"Secretary McAdoo to-day decided
that the great bend issue which he will
soon begin offering to the public will
be known as 'the |.be-**y loan of 1917.'
Tho money to be Y*ai?ed by this loan
il for th- pirpose of waging war
against autocracy. It ;s to supply the
.new* of battle ,n the interest of fr?e
government. It is peculiarly appro?
priate that *-' the negotiation of this
! loan will conf?tate the lirst great ?tep
| of the United States in the prosecution
of the *r*r n should be Issvod 'n the
name of freedom."
Wilson May Send
A Socialist with
Root to Russia
Washington. April 28. President
Wilson has under consideration the ap?
pointment of an American Socialist to
the commission headed by Elihu Root,
which soon v. ill be sent to Russia.
Since Socialists and labor leaders make
up a large part of the controlling ele?
ment in Russia, such an appointment
appears probable.
Among the Socialists who have been
suggested for places on the commis?
sion are Vit-tir Berger, former mem?
ber of Congres- from Wisconsin, and
Meyer London, member of Congress
from New York. Several labor leaden
also have r-e. n suggested.
John Mitchell, former president of
the United Mine Workers, is one of the
labor leaders mentioned for the com?
mission, and Morris Hillquit and
Charles Edward Russell have been
brought forward as possible Socialist
members.
The President desired that Edward
N. Hurley, former chairman of the
Federal Trade Commission, accompany
the mission to Russia, but it is under?
stood Mr. Hurley hss found It impos?
sible to go.
"?car S. Straus, w, o v.ss been men?
tioned as a commercial member of the
commission, called at the White House
to-day, but did not see President Wil
son.
The names of all of the members of
the commission will be made public
within a few days and soon afterward
they will sail for Ruisis. probsbly on a
warihip. |
Final Vote in House
397 to 24; Senate
81 to 8
Only Clash Over
Maximum Age
Conscientious Objectors
Lose Fight; No Liquor
for Soldiers
V -m Tta Mb?-*)? Bur*?'!"
Washington, April 28.?The Admin?
istration's draft bill passed the House
by a vote of 397 to 24 shortly be?
fore midnight to-night, and then a few
minutes later went through the Senate
by 81 to 8.
The actual test of the dying strength
of the volunteer principle came a few
hours earlier in both houses, when mo?
tions to make the bill provide for vol?
unteers instead of for the selective
draft, were beaten by ,113 to 109 In the
House and 69 to 18 in the Senate.
Divergent amendments adopted in
the two houses will send the bill to
conference and cause some delay he
fore it becomes a law, but It Is expect?
ed that will be before the President by
the end of the week. In ita main feat?
ures the bill is identical in both
houses.
Senator Hardmg's amendment to the
army bill, designed to permit Colonel
Roosevelt to raise four Infantry divi?
sions for servico in France, was
adopted by the Senate, 66 to 31. Many
Democrats voted for it. A similar
amendment was rejected by the House
yesterday.
Clash Over Age Limit
The one big question in dispute be?
tween the two houses, which will have
to be worked out in conference early
next week, before the President's sig
nstura can make the bill law ia tha
age at which men can be drafted. Both
houses now, as a result of an amend?
ment adopted by the Senate to-day,
h?/e the same minimu.n age, twenty
one, bu: the maximum age fixed by
the Senate to-day, as exclusively pre?
dicted in The Tribune this morning,
is twenty-seven, while the House fixed
a maximum age of forty. This maxi?
mum wss rejected by the Senate by
an overwhelming majority, indicating
that the Senate will stand fast for s
matimum age somewhere near twenty
seven.
Another point to be settled between
the two houses is tha prohibition
amendment This was passed by the
S/nate and provides for dry camps and
making it a crime to sell liquor to a
man in uniform. The same amendment
was knocked oat in the H-ous* on a
point of order, so that the question
will have to be adjusted by the con?
ferr?es.
The Senate approved an amendment
by Senator Stone which would definitely
confine the ooeration of the draft to
the period of the existing emergency,
and another by Senator New providing
that, notwithstanding the exemptions
in the bill, each state must furnish its
quota in proportion to population.
Chairman Chamberlain accepted an?
other amendment, authorizing the Pres?
ident to raise bv voluntary enlistment
or draft -.uc". special and technical
troops" as he deems necessary. Mr.
Chamberiain said this would apply par?
ticularly to railroad and other workers
of that character.
The Senate also accepted, 63 to 26, an
amendment by Senator Fall, of New
Mexico, authorizing the President to
call into service three or mor? regi?
ments of mounted volunteers for ser?
vice on the Mexican border or in any
foreign country the President may
direct.
It is expected that the conferees
wil be able to ngrrt on their repo.t
and both house? adopt it. thus ?md
ing the measure to the White House
before the end of next week.
Cuts ("IT Congress's Drinks
In spite of the intense seriou*ne{s
? business of getting an army
reaoy for the war the Senate, in its
debate to-day on the prohibition
amendment, descended to the level of
buffoonery. The Senate actually adopt?
ed an amendment providing that no
member of Congress should nava
hquor in his possession, and making it
i i vme to sell liquor "to a member of
Congress.
"If we will not permit those who
are to shed their blood to have
?:quor," said Senator Williams, ??,?,
?? it ourselves "
Besides Mr. Williams, other Sana
no normally resent the advances
of prohibition voted for the amend
to nut < <>ngre.?a on the vate**
wagon, including Senator Penros?, of
Pennsylvania, and Senator S ton. ' ?f
I.shoun Most of the dry Senators
except Senator Sheppard. of Texas,
voted against the amendment, fearing
?hat they were making the prohibition
'sue ridiculous.
"Why. if a bomb were dropped from
up yonder," said Mr. William?, p.in*
:ng to the galleries, after a sharr? at
tack on the absurdity of the ?M~SS
sion. "and should destro* every MM
of us. it v.-ould not amount to thv to
the Inited Ststes government.'' V
the word "that" he snaoped his fingers.
Draft Victory ia House
The vot<- i- th? House csme en sn
amendment by Representative Kahn \
'Rep.-, who has led the **--ht fo- ?V? ?
Administration bill, .noving to -ctrik*'
out the volunteer amendments inserted
t > a majority of the Military Commit

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