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Showers to-day; to-morrow over
,_*>t. Probably little change in
the temperature; moderate
r*_ii Hn""**"* ?? r?*?? i?
Over 100,000 iMtf
!Cet Paid. Ntm-Tte?midAi
First to Last? the Truth: News * Editorials ? Advertisements
Vo?. IA Wl 1 tfo. 25,738
Hi? Tribun? .\aa*n.l
MONDAY, APRIL 30, 191
f *r ?
ONE CENT ?A/
Debate by La Follette and
Others Likely to Re?
Slim Chance for
T. R.'* Division
House May Make Senate
R?solution on Prohibi?
I an, April 2?.- There is no
chance of chancing the resit of Mi
Senate's vote late last night in favor
o ?electivo draft, but the entire
??aoatioa can be tLrashcd out on the
floor again, and additional votes forced,
I *<_ advocates of the, volunteer plnn
desire to ?. i-.buster. This would hold
up the Feulement of the differences
het-no-n tie *<vo Houses of COBf-OOl
and delay the actual work of getting an
? U due to a queer parliamentary
i.tuat'o:.. Late? ?-aturady night the
??r.ate, after receiving the House hill,
referred it to the Military Committee.
The committee substituted the text
.u!t ps?.' Senate for the
House bill, and reported the amend'?!
hack t0 the Senate.
'? nically, although the actual
Hs beer, passed I I :e, the
:ro now pending is a new bill, and
I course, subject to amendment
before it can be passed. Debate en
sire?dmcnt can run on indefinitel*;
ur.d? * 'f there is any desire
on the pert of the anti-draft Senators
I.i Follettm Likely to Talk
??-. who tried to
propos? and discuss a substitute meas
_r>. providing for the volunteer sys
n few minutes of the time
had agreed on a vote, ard
who was denied the right to do so
unanimous consent agree*
oeeted to utilize the present
pa; ?mentary fituation to discuss his
All this will hold up consideration
?? eonferreee, and, con
Mfaently, the adjustment of the differ
tnces "between the two Houses.
A careful canvass of the situation
with regard to the differences between
the houses to-night disclosed the fo1
ROOSEVELT , AMENDMENT.
Senate amendment, authorizing the
? g of four divisions of volunteers,
under which it was expected that Roose
rtlt might get his division to France,
will probably be lost. The Adminis?
tratif!! is against it, and two of the
three probable ?senate conferrccs voted
aga.r Senate. This does not
mean thit Roosevelt has no chance to
ause the President has as much
to appoint hira to the regular
es'i_b_ishm.?_nt, or with the frst Na?
tional Guard division to go, as to ap?
point him over one of the proposed vol?
unteer divisions. It does mean that the
proposed Roosevelt I .vision has little
PROHIBITION AMENDMENT. If
the iliu^e of Representative;; ??
opportunity to vote 0:1 the Senate
ment putting in tho hands of
I prohibition of al
coho hi or near military
camps," the House will beyond a doubt
e.tr ? r approve it or seek to make
The "drrys" is both houses
wouifi like to see this section amended
by ? ? *? ? iting a straight out prohibi?
tion amendment, instead of authorizing
the IV- den1 to prescribe regulations.
I?. \as-ee <?n Conscripts' Age
"HJL.T To ? ONSCRIP
? ate lixes the ages of
raen i the selectiv?- draft at
clusiv. ; the House at from twenty-one
to forty, inclusive. The best judgment
obta::?. |? to-Tiight vas that the HOULS?
?voold yield most of the difference, if
M that the iinal ages
wiil not b. far Tom twenty-one to
VOL' NTE1 U ' 4VALRY I 01 BOY
REGIMENTS.* -The War I*?p__rtinent is
?pposed to the amendment of the Son?
st? mpoood by Senator Kail, which
s voluntar]* enlisting
*s of cowboys for Mex?
ican, I order patrol. 1 he eonferrees are
i ?ot believed to be friendly ?
?nent. and it?? chancel of ap
Cerrad Bill** Defects
rt af th? General Staff are ?
fforts to have several seri?os
defects in th? bills corrected m the
enee. Some of the feat?!.
which they object are:
>?j for allowing draft
? tinits af the National Guard to
keep their old designations. The staff
The House provlsioi ipportion-!
Btt the draft according to popui
The ?1 iff wants tfce apportlonrrien* si*
imber of men liabl.
for draft, elimiaating differaneos due
?? *?: h- ont <iv." to unequal distribu
tiari ,.t -rr or ?-,
Mouse provision for racing lc
. with the appointment of
????par y officers from these units. This
HrpcTuxtos several of the e\ils of the
*oaiR*eer syatem. chiefly in making se-'
?**rtion of competent officers uncertain,
'he HAuse provision for grouping
??aitii "by ?Ute? and political divisions
*?w __ M*n*f" Thili would ?nterfeie
the organization of the army ac
?*rding to strictly military effieiency.
sions for determining et
?n. The Senate bill ha? none, i
'"use biil proM'l? foi m lawsuit
100, iravni_ ?ieter
tbe hands of ? ?"??r.l 01.?
tn? army, and permit'
Peal t?j ? Clv,l court on any p0MJb|e '
A LITTLE MESSAGE FOR THE KAISER
To Go to France
Within 3 Months
Pick of America's Docton
to Bolster Medical
Corps of Allies
Washington, April 29.?Plans foi
J sending one thousand American sur
i gcons to Europe for service in the Al
I lied armies were announced to-night
; by the General Medical Board of th?
? Council of National Defence. The men
w?!l be picked by the American College
! of Surge?;ns, and the aim is to have
them on the firing line within three
The announcement was made after a
conference of the Medical Board to-day
with Colonel T. H. Goodvin, ranking
medical officer of the Brit:sh forces in
France, here as a member of the Brit?
ish war mission.
The offer of surgeons for the Allies'
fronts came from the regents of the
College of Surgeons and won the im?
mediate approval of the medical board.
It wai inspired I.y Colonel Goodwin's
story of the difficulties Great Britain
t_.nd Kranee are having in keeping their
' medical ranks filled, and awaits only
the formal sanction of the government
before selection of the men begins.
Offered Its Whole Staff
In addition to offering surgeons for
the Allies, the College of Surgeon?,
with the American Medical Association,
put at the Medical hoard's disposal to?
day its entire organization. The Col?
lege of Surgeons offered the Medical
Board for service throughout the war
its director and office staff.
Deans of forty-six medical schools
meeting here to-day reported to the
board that they had decided to make
no changes in their courses toward
shoitening systems of instruction, so
that a continuous stream of trained
younj. medical men may b<* supplied
to the army and navy if the war
lasts a number of years. All, it was
announced, will reduce their teaching
staffs to free men for military service.
Hospitals, too, will cut down their
staffs to give the military forces the
largest number of physicians possible
To hasten the manufacture of hospital
?upphes they will be asked to use only
standardised articles recommended by
the Medical Board. The hospital com?
mittee of the board will make a study
of special hospitals required for the
Dental Siir_eonn Mobilizing
1'ental surgeons of the country, it
was announced, also are mobilizing
forces for the army and for service
with the Allies. ? Dr. Franklin Martin,
chairman of the Medical Board, said
to-night that Colonel Goodwin put
vividly before the board the medical
"It was apparent to every ore pre?
ent," he said, "that ?11 WO, as ?od'enl
men, can offer is ourselves and ail
medical nieti who can be spare.!. We
? ? ? !. and the great ?
e?l organizations of the I'nited S*."*tes
are prepared, with the aid of
officers and members, to cooperate
with the ?urgeoin general of the srm>
and navy,and with the Red trots.''
Maimed Soldiers of Russia
March in Protest Against Peace
Thousands in Anti-Pacifist Procession When It Reaches
American Embassy in Petrograd?President of Duma
in Throng Cheering Envoy and United States
Petrograd, April 29. -An anti-pacifis
procession of about 1,000 malmer
j bandaged and convalescent soldiers, o:
? foot or in motor lorries, assemble?
i this morning outside the cathedral, de
spite the keen frost, and paraded th
streets to the strains of the "Mar
Scores of one-legged men brarin?,
? military decorations bravely hobblec
along on their crutches, while man?
: others were glad to accept the helpin.
arms of nurses. -The banners carriec
in the procession bore inscriptions in
: viting "L?nine and company" to "gel
; back to William."
I The procession augmented quickly or
its way to the Duma building, and by
, the time it h .?i reached the American
Kmbassy there were tens of thousands
I of persons In line. David R. ?" rancis,
I American Ambassador, delivered sev
I eral addresses from the balcony.
Mr. Francis said the Joy of 100,000,000
' American freemen in the attainment of
Russian liberty was only second to the
, joy of the Russians themselves. Russia
' and the United States, he added, were
| fighting shoulder to shoulder for the
vindication of human rights. The am?
bassador dwelt on the imperativeness
of victory for the consolidation of the
freedom won by the revolution. He
said he could not imagine the possi?
bility of a separate peace by Russia,
which would involve the loss of all the
Russian people had gained.
M. Rodzianko, President of the Duma,
who was in the crowd, was invited into
th?* embassy, where he stood beside
Ambassador Francis and led in the
cheering for the ambassador and the
Mikolai L?nine, the Radical Socialist
leader, who recently has been inti?
mately connected w th the attempts to
? bring about a separate peace for Russia
' and to whom the inscriptions on the
j banners in the parade referred, was to
I have attended a great meeting of troops
in the drill hall of the Grenadier
1 Guards yesterday evening, but did not
? put in his appearance.
Fire of Russian
Guns More Violent
Pressure Against Teutons In?
creased from Riga to the
London, April 29.- Teutonic hints
from the trenches that the Russians
need not expect fighting unless they
: started it have apparently fallen on
deaf ears. Russian pressure on the
? whole front from Riga to the'Black Sea
: has gradually increased to a point
; greater than at any time since the rev
There is no hini of this in the official
I wireless trom Petro?rad, which merely
: leports the usual rifle firing and scout
ii.tr operation!. But Vienna reports
: that on several sectors of the Russian
' front the artillery firing and bomb
firing have become more violent. Re?
cent war statements from Berlin have
also referred to the developing gun
lire on the northern sector of the Tine.
On Thursday :i German air squadron
flew over Sulina, n Rumanian town on
the Black Sea, and caused heavy fires
alone the harbor front.
Britain Plans to Stop
All Horse Racing
Jockey Club Anticipates Edict,
and Cancels Derby and
[B* rar-:? t?. The Tribun? *l
ondon, April 29.? It is understood
that the government is about to place
an immediate embargo on horse racing
it? Grer.t Britain.
This decision will bring the lircliest
satisfaction to Pi? per cent of the com?
munity, who decried the fact that time
and money should be dOYoted to such a
. sport in the present emergency. The
i argument was advanced that the con?
tinuance of racing waa a necessity for
?' keeping up the best breed of horses,
but it was generally scorned.
Little opposition is likely to arise, ex?
cept from those professionally engaged
in the sport.
The Jockey (Tub has anticipated the
? government's edict, and cancelled all
the 1917 racing fixtures which were to
I lav been run after the first spring
The cancellation of the summer me?
! mg dates will prevent the running of ,
I such classic events as the Derby, the i
Oaks, the Ascot Darby, the Lclipte, the
Jockey Club and the St. Leger stakes.
Chinese War Move
Expected in 2 Weeks
American Legation at Peking
Tekins, April It. A declaration of
war against Germany by China II ?.. ?
pected within a fortnight.
The special commission for interna
tional atTatrs designated by th?. gov?
ernment has advise?) that China I
the war. The ??uestion will go batata
The American Mini'ter, I>r. Ps il
Reinsch. held a reception af the lega?
ron to-day to twenty provisional m.'i
tary governors, composing the military
cnference which recommended recent?
ly that I'hina declare war. The gov?
ernors were received with full military
honors by the legation guard, and were
welcome?i by Dr. Reinsch and promi?
nent members of the American colony.
The minister mail? an address, congrat?
ulating ih?: governors on evidences of
????Operation in all parts of ?hina, and
assured them that they had the be-t
wishes of th? United Btotoo.
General M?u-shu-<'hang responded
f,.r tie ?*;o.er:iors. saymg they realized
(he Inited Stat<* was Chinas best
Of War Staff
Hero of Verdun Called to
Aid Offensive on
General May Get
Likely to Become iiconomic
Dictator of the
Tans, April 29. General Petain, who
commanded the French army defending
Verdun during the critical stages of the
battle in February and March, 191G, is
to be appointed chief of staff at the
Ministry of War, the Cabinet decided
The Cabinet meeting was presided]
over by President Poincar? and was
held after a session or the War Com-;
mittee. After a general discussion it
was determined to restore the post of
chief of staff at the Ministry of War
and confide it to General Petain.
The recent French offensive will be
the subject of an interpellation of the
government by Deputy Dalbiez, it has
been learned. The Cabinet already has
deliberated on this subject. Premier
Ribot conferred individually with some
of his colleagues yesterday and had a
long interview with President Poincar?.
The Premier had an interview with
General Niveile, the French commander,
Washington. April 29. The appoint?
ment of General Petain as chief of
staff at the Ministry of War is pri?
marily a quick registration of French
disappointment at the comparatively
meagre results secure?! by General Ni?
velle in the present offensive along the
Aisne and in the Champagne. Evident?
ly the nation expected a strategic vic?
tory, whereas little more than a pro?
nounced tactical success was obtained,
presumably at a cost which is held too
di-ttr. The results of Nivelle's offen?
sive contrast unfavorably with the
sweeping British victory at Arras.
When .Toffre, after placing the French
armies in a high state of organization,
wae made a marshal of Fiance and
? retired from active service, it was be
; lieved at first that Petain, the hero
of Verdun, would succeed him in com?
mand of the armies in the field. It is
understood that the offer was actually
\ made to him. However, his demands
| for authority were so sweeping that
! the politicians immediately cooled tow
j ard him, and Nivelle was selected for
the post. Nivelle was appointed as a
I proponent of the offensive in warfare,
] and he has evidently heen measured
: by that standard.
Though 'no has been named as chief
! of staff at the Ministry of War, Petain
! prubably will succeed to the duties laid
1 down by Minister of War Lyautey,
after the latter quarrelle?! with the
I haniber of Deputies and returned to
the Colonies. Petan? may even have
been given wider dutie_, as it has been
his theory, constantly advanced in the
! face of opposition, that the commander
? of the armies should also be tne eco
' nomic dictator of tn?.* nation. Whether
\ he will supercede Nivelle is not clear.
Petain ..a Fighter
Above all, Petain is known as a
' fighter. He has the St. Cyr training and
; ir acknowledged an expert tactician and
Petain was born near Calais sixty
' one years ago, and by 1S90 had become
a captain in the elite Chasseurs ? Pied.
When the war started he was a colonel.
Almost instantly he was made a general
i of brigade, and by September 14, 1914,
: he had become a general of division.
Seven months later he was commanding;
the ?_3d Army Corps and took part in
the Allied offensive in Artois. His work
I here was so brilliant that he was placed
I at the head of the Second Army, which
he led through the Champagne offensive
? in October. 191.'.. His famous "Iron Dl?
i vision" of colored Colonial troops,
! whom he had personally trained, large
! I? contributed to that victory. By this
? time Petain was admitted a master of
, the offensive.
It is reported that when the German
i storm broke over Verdun the French
! were ordered to evacuate the fortress.
) The rumor of this aroused a fury of la?
j dignation in France, and General de
Castelnau was rushed up from Paris
1 with orders that Verdun must be held
at all costs. Petain was selected to do
it. I'nder his command General Herr
i.iganized the now celebrated motor
transport system, and the catch phrase,
"They shall not pass," became ao
[Prortrest of Allied attnek on
West front, on Page 4 ]
Americans Win Air
Battle with Germans
Willis Haviland and Charles C.
Johnson Put Enemy Avi?
ators to Right
Pans. April If. American aviators
again have emerged victoriou? from a
Vat'le in the clouds with German air?
men, it wa? learned to-day. The he
I roes in the encounter were Willis Hav
! iland, of Minneapolis, and Charles C.
I Johnson, of St. Louis, who are under
the command of Lieutenent William
The twe Americans encountered a
| group of German airplanes. Haviland
forced one enemy craft to an altitude
of 4.000 feet. After a spirited fight
the German machine, riddled by ma?
lt hin? pun lire, collapsed and fell.
Almos* at the same lime Johnson had
?a desperate battle with another Ger?
man machine, which he put to flight,
evidently in oiotroaa. Its fate was not
determined. Severa! other German air?
craft refused battle and escaped.
Gen. Joffre Tells America
I France Wants U. S. Army;
His Message Is Censored
Viviani and Balfour Make
Stirring Addresses at
Two Nations Place
Wreaths on Coffin
Greeting of France Is Con?
veyed by Former
, Mount Vernon, Va., April 29. The
flags of Great Britain, Trance and the
United States floated together to-day
over the tomb of George Washington.
Beneath them, spokesmen of the three
?rreat democracies paid homage to
America's soldier and statesman, and
pledged themselves, each to the other,
in the name of the dead, to prosecute
the struggle against autocracy on the
lines he had followed in bringing
America into being.
In groups of twos and threes, an em?
inent gathering, including the members
of the French and British war com
, missions, the "President's Cabinet and
members of Congress, had strolled up
through the sloping grounds from th*
; river bank, until perhaps half a hun
i dred people stood with bared heads in
? a semi-circle before the tomb. The
i doy, which had been heavy and threat?
ening as the party approached on the
Mayflower, suddenly burst into sun
; light, which played through the trees
! on the uniforms and faces.
Without formality, Secretary Daniels
i motioned to M. Viviani, Minister of
i Justice and former Premier of jfrance,
1 who advanced slowly into the centre
and began to speak.
The spectators, though most of them
could not understand French, caught
the suppressed feeling and fire of the
Homage to Washington
M. Viviani said:
"We could not remain longer in
Washington without accomplishing this
pious pilgrimage. In this spot lies all
1 that is mortal of a great hero. Close
by this spot is the modest abode where
Washington rested after the tremen?
dous labor of achieving for a nation
its emancipation. In this spot meet the
admiration of the whole world and the
veneration of the American people. In
this spot rise before us the glorious
memories left by the soldiers of France
led by Rochambeau and Lafayette. A
i descendant of the latter, my friend, M.
' de Chambrun, accompanies us. And I
esteem it a supreme honor, as well as
a satisfaction for my conscience, to be
enabled to render this homage to our
ancestors In the presence of my col?
league and friend, Mr. Balfour, who so
nobly represents his great nation. By
thus coming to lay here the respectful
tribute of every English mind he shows,
in this historic moment of communion
which Franco has willed, what nations
that live for liberty can do.
"When we contemplate in the distant
past the luminous presence of Wash?
ington, in nearer times the majestic fig?
ure of Abraham Lincoln; when we re?
spectfully salute President Wilson, the
worthy hetr of these great memories,
we at one glance measure the vast ca?
reer of the American people. It is be?
cause the American people proclaimed
and won for the nation the right to
govern itself, it is because it pro?
claimed and won the ?quality of all
men, that the free American people at
the hour marked by fate has been en?
abled with commanding force to carry
its action beyond the seas; it is be?
cause it was resolved to extend its ac?
tion still further that Congress was en?
abled to obtain within the space of a
few days the vote of conscription and
to proclaim the necessity for a national
army in the full splendor of civil peace.
France Salutes Army
"In the name of France I salute the
young army which will share in our
"While paying this supreme tribute
to the memory of Washington I do not.
diminish the effect of my words when I
turn my thoughts to the memory of so
many unnamed heroes. I ask you br
fore this tomb to bow in earnest medi?
tation an?! all the fervor of piety be?
fore all the soldiers of the Allied na?
tions who for nearly three years have
1-een lighting under different flags for
the same ideal. 1 beg you to addrc?s
the homage of your hearts and souls to
all the heroes, born to live in happi?
ness, in the tranquil pursuit of their
' labors, in the enjoyment of all human
affections, who went into battle with
virile cheerfulness and gave themselves
up not to death alone, but to the eter
? nal silence that closes over those who??'
siv.Ti.iee remains unnamed, in the full
knowledge that, save for those who
loved them, their names would disap?
pear with their bodies. Their monu?
ment is in our hearts. Not the living
alone greet us here; the ranks ?>f the
dead themselves rise to surround the
M.ldior? of liberty.
"At this solemn hour in the history
of the world, while saluting from this
, sacred mound the final victory of jus?
tice, I send to the republic of the Unit?
1 cd States the greetings of the French
Ralfour In Address
Then came forward Arthur Jam?-??
Balfour, Foreign Secretary of Great
Britain, who stood for a moment in
Mlence. overcome with all that the sit?
uation meant to the two Anglo-Sa.on
?ountrie?. Mr. Balfour abandoned his
decision not to speak.
*'M. Viviani," said Mr. Ralfour. "has
expressed in most eloquent words the
feelings which grip r_f all here to day.
He has not only paid a fitting tribute
"Let the American
Soldier Come Now"
"The Evening Telegram" yester
dny printed th? fnlloving quotations
from Marshal Jotjrf's intervien :
Vive 1'Amerique! Let her aend
h?r soldiers to France at once.
We want the American flag o.-i
To-day the battle Is raging at
its highest fury. France wants
every possible energy added t*>
help drive back the enemy. The**e
is room for the American army on
the battlefield to-day.
France, which has always ad?
mired the courage and the v..l*>r
of Americans, rejoices in the con?
fidence that American soldiers are
soon to be fighting side by sirle
with her soldiers.
Let the American soldier come
It is not possible to train them
effectively anywhere else than in
the theatre of war.
Conditions are constantly chang?
ing, and they must be on the
ground to get acclimated, to
breathe the war spirit, to throw
\ themselves whole-heartedly into
this great conflict, and to inspire
their fellow Americans now on the
firing line and their French breth?
ren to even further and more glori?
France wants the American flag
on her soil. France has a deep
and abiding love and admiration
for America. Nothing could so
strongly and eternally cement that
devotion and admiration as the in?
spiring sight of the American flag
on French soil.
? to a great statesman, but he has
biought our thoughts most vividly
down to the presen*. The thousands
who have given their lives, French,
Russian, Italian, Belgian Serbian,
Montenegrin, Rumanian, Japanese and
' British, were fighting for what they
believed to be the cause of liberty.
"There is no place in the world
, where a speech for the cause of liberty
'. would be better placed than here at the
! tomb of Washington. But as that work
. has been so adequately done by a mas?
ter of oratory, perhaps you will permit
I me to read a few words prepared by
I the British mission 'or the wreath we
are to leave here to-day.
'"Dedicated by the British mission
j to the immortal memory of George,
Washington, soldier, statesman, patriot,
who would have rejoiced to see the
I country of which he was by birth a
; citizen and the country which his
genius called into existence fighting
side by side to save mankind from sub?
jection to a military despotism.'"
. Governor Stuart of Virginia spoke as
' the host on Virginian soil.
"Washington," he said, "originally be
? longed to Virginia, but his priceless
! memory has now become a common
heritage of the world. We consecrate
here to-day a struggle bearing the su?
preme test of the issues for which he
lived, fought and died."
Marshal Joffre, victor of the Marne
and idol of the French people, next
; came forward, in field marshal's uni
1 form. Simply, earnestly, he spoke in
French two brief sentences:
"In the French army all venerate
I the name and memory of Washington.
I respectfully salute here the great
; soldier and lay upon his tomb the
palm we offer our soldiers who have
died for their country."
Joffre Salutes Dead
Two French officers came forward
with the bronze wreath from the
French mission, the humblest and the
highest mark of honor which the
! French nation can accord the dead.
: Bending over, the marshal passed
i through the narrow entrance and sol
| emnly placed the wreath upon the
: stone coffin.. He then stood silentiy at
salute, the general who is accredited
i with saving France, to the general who
won the liberty of the United States.
As Marshal Joffre passed back among
' the spectators Mr. Balfour came for
I ward with the British wreath ot* lilies
and oak leaves tied with the colors of
the three allied nations. He, too, en?
tered the tomb and placed the British
token beside the French, while Lieuten?
ant General Bridges stood outside at
There was neither music nor ap?
Greek King May
Abdicate, Is Report
German Agents Trying to In?
fluence Change of
London, April 30. A dispatch to
"The Daily Mail" from Athens says the
correspondent has trustworthy infor?
mation that King Constantine is con?
sidering abdicating in favor of the
The dispatch adds that under the in
fluenc?' of ii?rman agents among his
entourage, however, the decision of the
King may be changed.
Equal Pay Urged for
Women During War
Washington, April 29.?Equal pay for
women who take men'a places during
the war was urged by Mrs. Carrie
Chapman Catt, president of the Na?
tional American Woman Suffrage Asso?
ciation, in letters sent to-day to cham?
bers of commerce throughout the coun?
"Ae contend that the work per?
formed. n<*-t the sex of the worker,
should determine the rate of pay," she
wrote. "Furthermore, the women who
take men's places in the war emergency
, have lik?w?se to hear the men's bur
Idens in the support of their families."
State Department Cuti
Vital Part? from
He Says Germany
Dreads Sight of Flag
Victorie? Sure To Be Won
and End of War
?By The A??_;__te_ Treml
Washington, April 29?Mars'ial
Joffro told the people of America to?
day, through Washington newspaper
correspondents, that France cherished
the confident hope that the flag of the
United States soon would be flying on
her battle linea.
Victories sure to be won by the
soldiers of the two republic?, cnce
more fighting shoulder to shoulder for
liberty, declared the hero of the
Mame, would "hasten the end of the
war and tighten the links of affiction
and esteem which have ever united
Trance and the United States."
A translation of Marshal Joffre'?
form..' statement issued through Cue
State Department was expurgated and
did not contain vital pansages relating
to the n.arshal's previously known de?
sire for the presence of an American
force in France.
Marshal Joffre'? Statement
The official translation follows:
"The very cordial welcome ?giver ma
by the city of Washington and the ex?
pressions of sympathy which reached
me from states and cities throughout
the United States have movti me
deeply, since they are an homage paid
to the whole French army, which I
"Tho heroism and resolution of the
soldiers of France indeed deserve all
the affection the United States has
shown them. After having, i* a
supreme effort, defeated and thiowa
back the barbarous enemy, the Fivnch
army has untiringly labored to in?
crease and perfect its efficiency. And
now, in the third year of the war, it
is attacking the enemy with greater
! vigor and material force than ?iver
"Side by aide with it and animated
by no less heroic spirit stands the Brit?
ish army, who^e formation and develop?
ment will ever remain the admiration
of the world. Th?? Germans have real?
ized its wonderful growth. Every en?
counter has made them feel the in?
creasing menace of its strength. The
contempt they pretended to feel for it
in the early days of the war has gradu?
ally become a dread, more openly
avowed each day.
What (.ermany Dreads
"Led by its illustrious President, th?
United States has entered into this war.
By the side of France, in the defence o?
? the ideals of mankind, the place of
, America is marked.
"France, which has long reeogniied
' the vaior of the American soldier,
cherishes the confident hope that th?
flag of the L'nited States will soon b?
. unfurled on our hgnting line. This i?
what Germany dreads.
"France and America will se? with
pride and joy the day when their son?
are once mors n?hting shoulder to
shoulder in the defence of liberty. Th?
' victories whicn they will certainly win
will hasten the end of the war and will
tighten the links of affection and es?
teem which have ever united Franc?
and the United States."
Late to-night the French mission,
through the State Department, gav?
out the following statement, covering
the questions asked Marshal Joffre and
the answers made by him:
"The following questions war? asked
, of Marshal Joffre:
"As to the advisability of withdraw?
ing Americans now on the field of
battle and form.ng an independent
Oppose Withdrawing American?
"Marshal Joffre saya: 'I do nit
! think it a good method to withdraw
| Americans who are at the front; it
would ho better they should be used
for any unit? which might b? sent ta
France.' Marshal Joffre thinks .?
; would be of the greatest importance
1 that the American flag should be seen
' in France; every one would then feel
i that you were there. But this does
I not apply to certain specialist.? who
might be especially v.unted her;*. They
would be useful in developing
? training of American soldiers, but, ip
? hi? opinion. Americans already there
t?houl<l stay there. He thinks that now
j that the battle is raging that every
energy must be added to forces ?I
j ready fighting on the French front;
| and that is why Americans already
I in France are needed to help th* flgbt
i ers there.
"Would he prefer to have our regn?
"Marshall Joffr? consider? th? prob?
lem far too difficult to be solved with?
out mature consideration.
"Marshal Joffre was asked how long
la period of training was nee?-?*
to form a new army.
"Marshal Joffre replied th?t na cefi?
nit? answ?r to such o Question .-,?%