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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 19, 1917, Image 1

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WK \ T H F R
Orieral'y '<"r tv?-day artd tJMTjTrr
'0?. with moderate wewt
winds becoming variable
Full R?pori ?in ruc? *
V,?. IA W11 No. 25,752
H^^1 FrVcr fn l.i
F/rsf fo Last?the Truth: News ? Editorials ? Advertisements
Over 100,000 Daily
Net Paid, Non-Returnable
?nptrith? ItlT
Th? Trihunr A??'n I
SATURDAY, MAY iii. 1917
? * ?
T??fc City
Sea Battle
Fought Above,
On and Under
British Warship? Repel
Austrian Dash in Straits
of Otranto
17 Minor Vessels
Are Reported Sunk
British, French and Italians
in Fight; Cruiser
I.orc<r fctaj II -An air. se? and un- ?
der-?ea *"-' r "c **?ttlr at dawn on
Tat?d?y betweei Teuton and Brit.?!.,
?neb and Italian naval force? ii the ;
Unit! >?> which fourteen
jnt;?- nd tnree Italian craft,
w>rt |onl British cru >cr Dart?
mouth wa? torpedoed and two of the !
Austrian ve? eil wara damaged, is re-?
ported bj tha Hr-.'h Admiralty here'
wtd in sajciaJ statements from Vienna '
?rd Korro
The AH M ' ??? recrr'y been active
<? lower Adriatic in clearing out
Aa;trian lubmariaea, submarine bases
and mires, and the Admiralty report!
?Teal? that Kntish war craft and mine i
?weepsei- * I : drifters, had ;omed in ;
the eperat.orc Austria* light crui.-ers i
md ?astrayen I a iwlfl dash from)
??r r ha-- - I ?'taro, attempted to I
break the lia? of British guard traft?
?rd succeeded in sending fourteen o'
"tm to the hottom before the mam |
ti ' a reached the scene.
Brilioh f>hips (cme to Rescue
Trie Bril li H llnsto! and Part
- steamed t? the rescue and pur
?ued UN attacking squadron to its pro?
veed I ' e?. Withdrawing before ap
imchir.c Au?tr.an battleship?. 1 ?
denti?. howrrer, a trap had been laid
?r,d the ?'artiioutb rece ved a torpedo
'rom x <icrn-.-( ?? iubmai ne She failed
d port -a'oly. though
cruiser ii ',
?.uitrisns, s? well as
' Italian destro\er?.
?M Pierchnn'irt'n and twenty armed
I battle in the air
\ 1'alian fliers de- .
rd ov< needing warshiaa. |
The Italian airmei declare that their j
\ustnan cruiser?
mt reads:
v ? rait) hi nources that from
?ho roar admiral !
\dr;a"c r-nuadron.
Italian offletal rom
?hu' croiaara, ?u'n
? ? by tie ?trovers, raid
M ?nd surrerderi
? g rteen British drifter",
which, according to the Austrian '
- laieation, seventjr-tara pria?afa
?err ? ?
Airmen Bomb Warships
"H i najesty' hip Dartmaatfc, with
tal Italian rear admiral aboard, and
R. M s ii' in medtatelj chased the
asea? ?-1 ted by French and Itt.l-,
'an de tra i <ha<e eontinued, i
under braiI and con-:
tiaaoui ? '?ir ' attaro, when,
Sam ? <? ? ittleshipi coming out in
rru'sers, our vessels
drew off.
"Ita!ii - ?Hrr a battle in the
?I, attacked ?he Austrian warships
???alai Cattara ?lid confidently aftirm
'na' one of the enemy's cruiser? ataj
ai f-r?- a. i '-r ng tnkci ?? tow off < a' ,
Ure in s ?mVing condition, "ne other
of Mm ? i rui-ors i*?> ifpor'f I '
l>y the Br li a admiral ?i badlj dam-I
g net pa?;age bnoK the Dart
?ou"i wa struck bj u torpedo from
?neu"- , ubm arina, bal returned lata
?ort. ? ti three mon killod, one office?
?id faut ion missing and believed tal
?" dr?<?. ; nd seven wounded There
?ere nu iher caaualities ta our ship'.'',
Hasan fcrnd* t.unboats
I- tai nortion with the Allied ram ;
P*'?r> ara ml German aaamaaiaai it ii
T?por*e.; 'rein Pan? that a number of
?ap?ne?r p.jiii.o?ts r ave arrived at Mar
? >. h in this ?rark in the Med?
ia-i and convoy French mer
ehantn i ? If the exp? riment has .i-at
i?fart'iT-. results, the Japanese govern-1
*ent 'ra signified ita v.illirgne?s to e\
'end ti?- {.[.erations and increase the
Austrians Declare
20 Enemy Ships
Victims in Battle
M ?y le. The AuMnan state
?eut on the battle in the Otranto
Monday night a detachment of
?<"? ' . r.-cs undertook a tue
:,..:-. in the Otranto
?hieb Italian destroyers,
entinen and twenty armed
(Sard vei el became victims. Seventy
i*o r^ngliahmen of 'he rrr?> of the
wrro raptured
*J returning our uniti had a
"???'her ?' ? ,rrr rnjragementf with su
??r "? ..rio-, in which thr
???aiy. romposed of Enfltih, French
*' ** Italian resaera, -ufferod ronsider
*B|e dami.g. (i? two enemy de.v'ro>er.^
e?iitla|trat <win were ohhcrved.
Jnri i nat,on in the fght by enemv
??biaarines and airmen *a* unsaccess
'?'? ?hi!e on th. other hand our ^?a
Naaes participated s-plrndidly in the
rri' rig. xh,y rMrh obtained one hit
** two enemi craiaara and effective
'? eorabatted hostile submarines. Our
??Ha returned in full number with
**!*." r1'J"'an lo'i-ea and damages.
'n brilliant cooperation with our
"?ia! forces a (ierman submarine sanh
?> ? torpe<io. nu an english cruiser
%l!? four funnels ?"
Sft | of t),f hnftlr (roi,** and
?**ar detail* of the i,<tn< Woy,
?n Paye ;
Cameronia Sunk
By Submarine;
140 Soldiers Lost
Liner Used as Transport,
Torpedoed in Mediter?
ranean April 15
London. May 18.-In?; British Ad-:
miraity issues the following statement
for newspaper? of Saturday:
"The Hr.n^h transport Cameronia, '
Wit! troops, tv as torpedoed hy an en- i
tiny submarine in the eastern Medi-,
terranean on April 15. One hundred!
and forty men ?re missing, and are
jresumed to have been drowned."
The survivors of the Cameronia say
the vessel wa* torpedoed in fine, calm i
weather in the afternoon. The sub?
marine was not seen.
A Urge number of casualties were I
due to the explosion of the torpedo,1
Which struck where there happened >',,
be many toldier?. There was some
ovcitetiient hnd confusion at the outset
af*or the torpedo had i-truc'?, hut dis?
cipline soon prevailed The boats were
launched smarth, but one wai sma'h'd
and many lives were lost.
I he Cameronia W11 afloat for fort;,
minutes after ?he was torpedoed, which
enabled torpedo boat ?estlSJSIsSlo run
alongside. Soldiers from the Cameronia
jumped OB theso boat* ni disciplined
succession, the destroyers reaped tak?
ing on men as soon as the;, had oh
te-in^d their full complement.
Chief Officer MeBvniie "-auk while
trying to save a drowning soldier. Mc
Hurnie was a survivor of the Anchor
I.me steamer California when she wa?
aunk off the Iri?h coast by a subnia
rine in February of this year. David
W. Hone, commanding the Cameronia,
was the last to leave the ?team? r,
jumping from the bridge into the wire?
less aerial? of a torpedo boat dctroyrr
The British steamer ( ?meronia. of
10,9?" gross tons, was one of the
largest ships belonging to the Anchor
Line, of Glasgow. She was M5 foi'
long. 6li feet in width and TI.7 in depth.
The Cameronia wa? launched at
Glasgow on May '-'7, 1911, and arrived
in New York on her first trip acrusI
the Atlantic on September 21 of th?t
veer. She was requisitioned hy the
British government on May 1, 1915.
Prussian Women to
Give Hair for Belts
In Munition Works
Copenhagen, May l8. The Women's
Patriotic League of Solingen, Rhenish
Prussia, Germany, ia making a coller
tion of WSSaSS/l hair from which to
WeavS belting for u:.e in munition
Shorter hair will be u^ed to make
felt for multan purposes.
Heavy Crop Damage
The potato patch of Hobart 1 Park,
of the Park L Tilford Company, on hu
Cstat? in Port (hester, N. V , looks as
if half a hundred Krupp shells had
ploughed their ?ay through it, and the
I Home Defence I.cagua has not yet re?
covered its equilibrium as a result of
an esTeel to ?tem an unexpected in?
lumbo and Hen. n-o large elephant?
belonging to a nrru?. escaped from
' their keeper? yesterday, plodded aero."
, the potato patch sauntered through
I Mr Park's vegetable garden, knockimr
beanpoles right and left: undid a sea?
son's work of the roller on hi? lawn,
and caused the street parada to ba two
boura lau.
Canada Must Adopt Draft,
Premier Tells Parliament
Sir Robert Borden Say? 50.000 Men Arc Needed Now to
Replace Those Killed?Speed of U. S. in Sending
Aid May Be a Determining Factor in War
Ottawa. May Is Compulsory
military servite on a selective ha?n
to raise immediately at lea** tt,0M
and probably ino.000 men, to make
good the wastage m the i a?adan
army corps in Erante, was prnpofcd
ti) Parliament to-day by Sr Robert
Borden, the Canadian Premier, who re?
turned from England on Tuesday.
The announcement was received with
applause from both sides of the Cham?
Great Struggle Me?, Ahead
"A great struggle lies before us ?n
his war; that is the SSSSStfS I hr.ng
V"j from Great Rritain and the front,"
said Sir Robert. "A great struggle ,
still lie? before us, and I cannot put It
before you more forcibly than by stat j
mj: that a' the commencement of this
spring'" campaign Germany put into
the field l.nnn.000 more men than she
put into the field last {.pring.
"The organisation of the man power
of that nation has been wonderful. :
That million was provided by Germany
Siens and not by the whole of the fen- j
tral powers. If wo ar* going to win
this war and it is absolutely mcon ,
reliable to me that we should not vin
the war great effort must he made by
ths Allied nation?.
"Unsettled political eenditieni in
Russia undoubtedly have handicapped
the effort on the Eastern front and
enabled Germany te make a great ef?
fort on the Western front.
"Against these considerations i? the
fart that a great kindred and neighbor
ing nation, the United State?, has cn
teied the WSJ on the Allied side. The
event must e\crci?e a very important
influence indeed, not only upon the is?
sues of this war. but upon the future
ti the world. The fart that citizens of
the United States are to tight side by
, side with the soldiers of our empire*
cannot but have a splendid influence on i
, the future of the two nation?.
I -Boat Menace lo He Met
"I pause to say a fen words sbefal
the submarine campaign. Perhaps it"
seriensness ma> not be realised hj
those who have ...>t been brought
elseely into lawes with s?ants from1
week to week and with confidential in?
format.on made available to those who
have attended the Imperial War < on
f< renee. I believe that the submarine
riimpaign will se met 1 belie\e there
1 ?m enough determination, resourceful
ness, self-denial and courage in this
empire te meet and defeat it, but I
would tiot he dong my dut) if I did not
emphasize it*, serieosnees,
"I need not do more in order to em?
phasize GerSSenv'a conlidet'-t is it than
to say that in order to carry it on Ger?
many risked war with the United
i States That indicate? her belief that
the submarine war would bring the
' struggle to a conclusion before the '
I United States couJd throw its power
I into this contest That is v hat Ger- !
j many is trying to do now The losses
j in ships have bren \ery ser:ou? ndeed.
and some of the losses of late have
taken place under conditions which I
cannot mention to thi? house, hut w huh
?re sufficiently graxc.
"The cry ol Lloyd George i? for
ship*, and more ships, It i? the belief ',
, of the German* that they can pro! rae ,
I the war an the Western front until the
submarine carn pa: ga has made it neces
f-ary for Great Britain to arcep* termi
of peace which none of us would listen
to for a moment at the present time. 1
do not believe Germany's attempt will
succeed, but it v ill retire courage,
resolut,on and energy and rrsourceful
nr", if (I is to end in failure.
No Hope of Peace This Year
"I nave no confident hope tha' the
war will end this year. Any conjectur?
as to the time when it will end is al-,
most valueless. The rfTectivene?.? of j
Russian efforts on the Kastern front
and the speed with which the power of
the United BtataS can he thrown into
the ?trugt,''0 a/Ill be great, if not deter
mining, factor?.
"1* is be\ond question," Sir Robert
continued, "that when thi* war broke
out th ? Germans were utilising for
their min purpose anH the building up
of their industry nutural resource
from many part' of tha British Km
pire, ?onie of which could not be ob?
tained in the same abundance or of th?
same quality anywhere else. 1 venture
to think, and I have stated it in the
I'nited Kingdom, 'ha' Germany had
a be'ter knowledge and conception of
the British Bmptta 'han was to bf
found m the I'nited Kingdom before
the ?ar.
"We liHve re?ourees ?o ab?olutelv
abundant within the British Fmnirc
that we need not fear any effort Ger?
many may make to dominate the world
indu?tna!ly or commercially after the
war But I ha\e absolutely no doubt
that the effort will be made by the Ger- j
Th? Prime Mininer declared that
every man in the country had been
gi\en opportunity under the volun?
tary enlistment plan to ?lo his duty.
Inder thil plan Canada iiad done
wall, he said. There had been dis
paiched MBjQOS men for the Canadian
forro aero'? the Atlantic Including
British. French and other reservist?,
not less than "fifl.OOO men had gone
for oversea? service.
More Men Needed No?
But more were needed. Sir Robert
announced There were under arm?
enough men to supply reinforcements
to keep the fve Canadian army di?
visions up to ?trength for some time
he said, bul losses were great and
pro\ ision had to be mai" for the
future unless the fve ?anadian di '
risieni wara ta dwindle to four, io
three, or to two.
rho Prima Ministar said 'hat the
mes-age he brought bark from the
Canadians ?ho had held the Germans
at Vpres and beaten them from Vimy
Ridge wa- that they mu?t he support-:
ed and their !o??es made p,,od
"I have promised them that sup?
port." said Sir Robert, "and. so far
as I am concerned. I am determined
that, the help thev require the men of
this country ?hail gi\e them. It is, I
therefore, my duty to am.uunce thatw<
shall bring down a measure providing
for compulsory militar.- enlistment
on a selective basis, and under that
nina ?e -hall raise not le???than ?>0.
nO<t and probably 100.000 men."
Sir Wilfrid Laurier, the Opposition
leader, declared that ( anada must re-1
mam in the war to the end, and that
there must be provinon made to en-1
able her to do so As to th? meas?
ure which the Premier had announced.
Sir Wilfrid ?aid, ?hen it waa laid be?
fore Parliament in detail it would re
reive from the Opposition full and
fair consideration. At ?he present
tune he would no* ?av whether the
Opposition mould adopt or reject it.
But again he would ?ay that Canada
must remain in the war to the end.
ir.NMS coinT? p? le sajan? Canna r?
u.t ruco? scoutse* ii?? m* An-un.
Would Build
5,000-Ton Ship
Daily for U. S.
Offer of Steel Bridge Concern
Is Made Public Through
Senate Discussion
Can Keep Up Supply
As Long as Wanted
Allies Considering Construc?
tion of Submarine Merchant?
men to Dodge U-BoaU
if tom TI.? Tri! i I B .ret |]
Washington. May lS.-Followin-, ara
a few of the facts with regard tt? the :
shipping situation brought out :n to- '
day's debate in the Senate, disclosing
information gathered by General Goe
thals and the Shipping Hoard:
A bridge company has offered to con?
tract with the government to deliver, I
beginning si\ months from date, one
Steel ship of 5,000 tors every day as
long as needed, or 365 ships a year.
The price would be $153 a ton.
England has now building in the
United States 169 steel ships, with a
total tonnage of 1.0J4.000. The price
ranges from SI70 to $"00 a ton.
There are sixty-four steel ships build?
ing in the United States for other na?
tions, making a total of tSS ships build?
ing here for foreign account.
General Goethals has placed con?
tracts so far for iMt.nOO tons. Chair?
man Denman has placed contracts for
7J.O0O tons, a total of C*6,000 tons con?
tracted for to date. These contracts
are made with the $50,000,000 appro?
priation granted in the bill which or?
ganized the Shipping Hoard long be?
fore war wa? contemplated.
Closing of further contracts wa ti
for further appropriations.
Would Spend 150,000.000
1 he Shipping Board purposes to 3pend
$?150,000.000 on ?hip construction and
$J50,00O,0nn for the commandeerine of
ships now under construction. The
| (uaatnietion would to'al 3,000.000 tons
and the l'omitusd'-'i mg inore than 1,
O00.00O tens.
The government can construct wood*n
?hips at }\"u> a ton and steel ships at
$153 a ton.
In additiop to this information, fur?
nished from the testimony of General
Goethals and Chairman Denman Sena?
tor Weeks contributed the following
bits of information :
Several European governments are
considering the construction of sub?
marine merchantmen, to run the Ger?
man U-boat blockade as Isrge a? lO.uOO
The full capacity of th? shipbuilding
yards of the country is 5,000,000 tons
per annum. The p'resent rate of con?
struction is 1.500,000 tons. It can be
produced at about $150 a ton.
i The most remarkable happening in
the Senate during las debate In which
the?e facts were brought out wa.< the
action in voting down bv 49 to 9 an
amendment proposed hy Senator Smoot
which would have exempted the Rritish
shipping now under construction from
being commnndtt red.
Oppose? C S. Interference
Senator Smoot read the testimony of
General Goethals showing that all he
desired was the right to expedite this
British construction, so as to get it off
the ways and get other ships on. He
made a strong pie* against the United
States interfering, pointing out that, the
bhips would go into the ?ame service.
"Ail Mr. Denman wants," he saul,
"is to have what is left of this ship?
ping after the war ia over. But then
nornul conditions will return, an 1 we
will have ships which cost us $1!00 a
ton competing with ships built by our
lompetitor-. after the war at not more
than $60 a ton."
Senators Martin, Underwood and
others told the Senate that the com
tnandeenng power was regarded a?
essential by President Wilson, the
' Shipping Board and General (inethal?.
v ho will have charge of the building
programme, although it was not
thought it would have to be used It?
existence, they said, wa? desirah'e to
insure complete success in acquiring
Senator Knox and other Republicans
?aid such discretion in war times
tould safely be lodged with the Pres
1 ident. *
Leaders in British
Strike Are Arrested
Union Headquarters in Lon?
don Raided Under Defence
of Realm Act
london. May le Actions have been
: taken again?t ?hop stewards x,ho are
conducting the engineers' ?tnke in de
1 fiance of their trade union, the Ama!
gamated Society of Engineers. At
Sheffield the chairman and another
1 member of the strike committee were
: arrested, while the headquarters of th.'
committee in London vas raided and
papers bearing on the strike wer'
?eued This action ?as taken und.r
? the defence of the realm act.
In most large centres the men have
been returning to work daily. In othe'
I places tha men still out are refuaing
i to return unless a government bill
! dealing with the d lution of labor, and
, which is designed to get younger men
into tht army, ia withdrawn.
j Five members of committees which
| are conducting th? strike were charged
:n the Row Street Police Court to da.
i w ith impeding the sut ply of munitions.
The men were brought here from Shef
I field, Liverpool. Manchester and ( ox
I entry. Th? proaeeution asked for an
, adjournemtnl until Wednesday of ne>'
week, shin the Attorney General will
conduct tht eui for tht Croan.
Pershing and Army to France;
Roosevelt Division Rejected;
June 5th Will Be Draft Day
Wilson's Call to Service
Washington, May 18, In the proclamation issued tins eternity
appointing Jnnr ?'> as the ila ii for rtt/istration undrr the draft army
bill, ?'resident Wil?OM apostrophized the idea! of American unity M the
following remarkable phrases:
It is not an army that we must shape arid Irani tot war, it is
a nation. To this end our people must draw close in one compact
front against a common foe. But this cannot be if each man put
sues a private purpose. All must pursue one purpose. The nation
needs all men, but it needs each man, not in the field that will
most pleasure him, but in the endeavor that will best serve the
common good.
Thus:, though a sharpshooter pieces to operate a triphammer
for the forging of great guns, and an expert machinist desires to
march with the flag, the nation is being served only when the
sharpshooter marches and the machinist remains at his levers.
The whole nation must be a team in which each man shall
play the part for which he is best fitted. To this end Congress ?
has provided that the nation shall be organized for war by selec?
tion; that each man shall be classified for service in the place
where it shall best serve the general good to call him.
The significance of this cannot be overstated. Ii is a new
thing in our history and a landmark in our progress. It is a new
manner of accepting and vitalizing our duty, to give oursehe*
with thoughtful devotion to the common purpose of us all. It is in
no sense a conscription of the unwilling; it ia, rather, selection
from a nation which has volunteered in mass. It is no more a
choosing of those who shall march with the colors than it is a
selection of those who shall serve an equally necessary and de?
voted purpose in the industries that lie behind the battle line.
The day here named is the time upon which al! shall present
themselves for assignment to their tasks. It is for that reason,
destined to be remembered as one of the most conspicuous mo- i
ments in our history. It is nothing less than the day upon which
the manhood of the country shall step forward in one solid rank
in defence of the ideals to which this nation is consecrated.
(/?'vii text of the proclamation vill be found on Vage -'.)
Roosevelt's Plan Would Defeat
Army Bill's Aim, Says Wilson
President Announces That to Grant Desire of
Colonel Mid Congress Would Interfere with Crea?
tion and Use of an Effective Force?"Responsi?
bility for Conduct of War Is on Mc," He States
r?m T>? Tribun? BjaMSSl
Washington, May IS. Roosevelt is
1 not going to France at least, not at
the head of a Roosevelt division..
President Wilson, in signing the army
, selective draft bill to-night, announced
?that he would not avail himself of the
I authority granted in the bill for the
I raising of four divisions of volunteers.
In taking this action, the President,
while entirely within his rights, not
1 only as commander in chief of the
at my but according to the wording of
the bill, sets at nought the wish of the
two houses of Congress, both ?f which
voted, by huge majorities, to vhich a
litige percentage of Democrats con?
tributed, that Roosevelt should be per- |
' milted to raise his division.
To grant the desire of < ongrr-s and
T. B. himself that Roosevelt ?hould go,
the President declared, "would serious?
ly interfere with the carrying out of
the chief and most important purpose"
of the army bill.
The President paid a high compli?
ment to Mr. Roosevelt, both as to his
"conspicuous public services*1 and his
"gallantry." Me added that politically
the ?ending of Roosevelt abroad would
create a very profound impression. It
would not, however, in his opinion, add
anything to the serious business of
making war on Germany.
President Wilson's Statement
I he President's statement follows:
"I shall not avail myself, at any rate
at the present stage of the war. of the
authorization conferred by the act t"
organise volunteer divi?ions. To do
so would seriously interfere with the
earning out of the chief and most im?
mediately important purpose content
plated by this legislation, the prompt
creation and early use of an effective
army, and would contribute practical! v
nothing to the effective strength of th
armiex now engaged against Germany.
"I understand that the section of this
act which authorize? the creation ol'
volunteer divisions in addition to the
draft wa? added with a x iew to provid?
ing an independent command for Mr.
Roosevelt, and gixing the military au
thority an opportunity to use his fine
xigor and enthusiasm in recruiting the
force? now at the Western front.
"It would be very agreeable to me to
pax Mr Roosevelt this compliment and
the Allies the compliment of sending
to their aid one of our moat dunn
guished public men. an ex-Pre?ident,
who has rendered many conspicuous
public services and proved his gal
lantry in many ?tnking ways. Politi?
cally, too. it would, no doubt, have a
' very fine effeet and make a profound
Not the Time for Compliment
l'Hut this i? not the time or the oc?
casion for compliment or for any ac?
tion not calculated to contribute ?<> the
mmeduate sueecs of the war The
: business now in hand ia undramatic.
? practical and of -cientific definiteness
' and precision. I shall act with regard
to it at every atep and in every par
' tieular under exnert and profesional '
advice from both >ides of the water.
"That advice is that the men most(
needed are men ()f the aire?, contem-;
pl.i(?d in the draft provision of the
present hill, not men of the age and
?ort contemplated in the section which
authorize? the formation of volunteer
uni's, and that for the preliminary
training of the men who are to be
drafted we shall need all of our ex?
perienced officers.
"Mr. Roosevelt told me, when I had
the pleasur- of peeing him a few weeks
ago, that he would wish to have asso?
ciated with h in some of the most
effective officers of the regular army.
He named many of those ?horn ka
wo'Id de<=ir<- tr lune designated for
th" service, and they were men who
carnot posiibly be spared from the too
small fore of < fficers at our command
for the much n < re pressing and neces?
sity duty of training regular troops
to be put into the field in France and
Heljjum as fast as they can be got
Regular Army to (io First
"The firat troops sent to Franc? will
be taken from the present forcea of the
regular army and will be under the
command of trained soldiers only.
"The responsibility for the succsis
ful conduet of our own part in this
great war rests upon me. I could not
escape it if I would. I am too much
interested in the cause we are fighting
for to be interested in anything but
success The ?-.sues involved are too
immense f->r me to take into consider?
ation anything whatever except the
best, moat effective, most immediate
means of inlitary action What these
means are I know from the mouths of
men ?ho have seen war as it is now
conducted, who have no illusion?, and
to whom grim war is a matter of busi?
ness. I shall centre my attention upon
those means and let everything else
"I should be deeply ?o blame should
I do otherwise, whatever the argument
al policy, for a personal gratification
or advantage."
i'.penal te Iks TrlBiin?)
Oyster Bay. N. V , May 1?. Colonel
Roosevelt to night declined to comment
i.l *>n I resident Wilson's refusal t?> ac?
cept the offer of a Roosevelt volunteer
army for service in France He lis?
tened intently to the recital of tha
I're-ident's statement turning down the
opportunity of raising a volunteer
"I have notlmg to say to-night," be
?catad finally. "I wired to President
Wilson kail aft? moon, ofering to raise
two divisions for imm?diat? service,
and. if he so desired, t'vo others."
French Report 3 Ships Sunk
Tans. May 1?. Statistics for the
"?e*k ending May 13 a*, midnight show
that 9s2 ?hips exceeding 100 tons en
tered Kraneh port?, ?htle 991 vessels
sailed Three ships o? more than 1.603
tons were sunk by submarines. Kout
French merchantmen were attacked,
' but escaped
Expedition of 25,000
Will Go "As Soon
as Possible"
Guard To Be Called
Out by Midsummer
President Starts the
Machinery for Draft?
ing 2,000,000 Men
f <vr. [".? Tr ? I' ,r?i .
Washington. May IS. President Wil?
son to-night directed that m division of
United States regular?, under command
of Major G?rerai Pershing. proceed
to France and cooperate with the An?
glo-French forces- as soon as possible.
At the same time he announced that
he would not avail him?elf of Colonel
Roosevelt';? offer to raise a dixision or
more of volunteers of more than con?
scription age.
The President, sfte- signing the
selective srmv draft hill to-night, ap?
pointed June 5 as the day upon which
the young men of the country between
the ages of twenty-one and thirty
must present themselves for registra?
The drafted army *i 1 no' be as?
sembled until early fall, but long be?
fore that American regulars will be in
the trenches The immediate sending
of the division of regulars is the Preai
dent's reply to Marshal Joffre's re.
quest that the American flag be carried
to the battle front by American sol?
dier? wi*h all posible speed.
The army law which the President
signed ?o night provides for an ulti?
mate force of more than ".',000.000 men
backing up the troops now about t?
I atari for the front
The President's proclamation sets in
, mot.on the machinery which will enroll
i and t-elect from 10,000.000 young men
1 bet .veen the ages of twenty-one and
Pershing Expedition Announced
Following is the text of th* tera? sn?
nouncement of the War Depsrtment li
to General Pershiag'l expedition:
The President has directed an ex?
peditionary force of approximately
one division of regular troops, under
command of General John J. Per?
shing, to proceed to Franca st s?
early a date as practicable. General
Pershing and staff will precede the
troops abroad.
It is requested that no details or
speculations with regard to the mo?
bilization of this command, dates of
J departure or other items, be carried
? hy the press, otl er than the official
j bulletins given out by the War I)e
! pertinent relating thereto.
The number of men m the exped?
I tionary force has not been disclosed.
1 A division at war strength, however, to?
tals more than J.";,000 men of all arma,
and the "approximate" division of the
War Department's statement probably
will exceed that figure.
General Pershmg has been in Wash
I ington for several days. He was per?
sona. :>? summoned by Secretary Baker
from the Southern Department, which
was unuer his command until to-night's
order was issued.
Worked Hard on Pisas
The man who led the expedition tata
Mexico and handled his difficult task
! with such judgment and akill as te
I win for lum the complete confidente of
the President and his adviaere, has
worked hard on plans for the expedi
| tion to France. He has been in daily
con.'? rene? with Secretary Baker. Major
j General Bliss, acting chief of staff, with
department officials cooperating in the
! preparation of the forces he will lead
1 aga;nst the Germans, and also with
i Lieutenant General Bridge? head of
I the military section of the British
! m,ss.on and a veteran of the battle
field's of France.
Nothing that either French or Brit?
ish officers hive been ebie to .'urti st.
in the way cf i:.iormalipn h^s been
licking, and ?.hare li ?very ind'cstitn
that the regular fuees which wi ! ...?ir
pose the expeditionary division sre
being selected with greatest care.
No inkl.ng of the plane for :'.?*?
division have been permitted to gel out
? It is known, however, that orders
! have already gone forward to officer?
, of tried judgment and long experience.
' notifying them to prepare for foreign
I service. ?
The war in Eurone has developed
' many new phaaes of battle not here
j tofore known in military science. Ar?
! tillery hss decided the fate of meer
battles, snd every army has double?
I and trebled its guns, both in site eng
i number. For this reason it waa thought
' likely that the expeditionary forces
'would include a disproportionate num
: bt r of artillery troops and be backed
, by a solid ?all of guns when it comes
to grips with the enemy.
Why Troops Are Going
The sending of the division of regu?
lars to France, against the desire of
the General Staff, which wished te wait
until at least half a million men wer*
I ready, is the result of three influences
One wan the French commission.
' Marshal Joffre and other member? of
the commission have conducted a sy?
] tematic campaign, both through ave
> nue? of publicity an in private ten?
ferm?es, with a view '* getting Amen
, can troops in the trenche? as soon sa
possible. Their great deeire waa to get
the American people into the ?sr, sad
into the war, ?pint They dreaded ia

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