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Esprit de Corps Is Budding
Among Plattsburg "Rookies" Colonel Wolf Watches Gradual Development ot Pride ol vV_*.ini/ation?Strangeness of New Life and Mystery of Orders Wear Away B? m\i;i|I H SJtMka* PI?*- ' *? | tytfi .io f-iTT? la ? tersa that come? hand lj to .?-. ? ? rj tangaa, Wttaeat*. It a tavaa ' Her, or a collec SB army. 1 he perfec .1 m the military ? ough. There must be that r* ? ' I" organisation, that co? en merge? I-vidual with the Toop, or company or -e them one. The unit M the man ever*" rbal i< the To t>* elviHBB it feemed V three day* after the -?ming ? ?nt Colonel Pau' \ '' '. *ve comma' - ed ia hi? I artara, wbsi 1 ?, and the orr:. ' it a f to a pi -1 plun ' Btaat, Caa ? d out Bl ? ? ! te do - hia Milga* lasiere, to company and to Bsaad ef R?1 the East from the thou ? .1 for the camp, Celoael Wall waa throag for ? While, Pi - :ared on tbc parnde ground ? ? \ formations. Then you might catch the colonel snatching a . few m nute* from h - dal es ta -*.and at the alados -, gazing out erith critical ' eyes on the marching bodies of raus .iad men. Some Were Out of Step Ti ? I BBS erena ragged at f.rst, the >-nlar and pome of the men vere oat ed step as often as they were in. "Sen-commissioned onie' - i. pea*? ? - ?? mandi la uncertain tones. genera'.', v accenting thf , wror.g syllable. This disturbed the ? colonel rot a' r.l!. Perfection would , -, C-. Be aras lookiai for ?omet I crack OBtfltl of ' the N *? ?ra* out do h*g company drill. A Sam York com? pany. aftei r\ partieulai j Indilfereat rrnai re, w - at the edge New fera* tbc Nev? Ei an. and the bb] .ture of the, ?r tari ble. Those : tv? puzzling commands, "Squads or ' rtr'r.t into lino" and "squads right nto had proved po> V ? .. were exe ? cated etitb ne*, r a bol It *wa* more than Manhattan pTide could stand. An acting sergeant stepped fiom the rank?, saluted the regular army rapt;. -npany and reported thal I - BabSMBI - in favor of an extra half hour of drill. The New Yorkers -.ne fiel 1 had did ? lined away from the window with a I ile. It was men were - casa of tbi ?"tevelepad hy c.raduai Paaeeae The development of tbi* prcciou** nat ? 'vis? pradual process. I on other - h pre aeppeeea a personal acquaintance g the men of the - ? ? nee "< their com ? urrounditig* and mode of life. therf carne to Plattsbnrg oaly two v ? :. general ignorance of all the Th I Training Rcgi rfcasa may serve exam; I "v-tive red of them, from all the Ave bar* and commuting environs. Com* i t ab el e ide ac? quaintance may have known a do/en - the lot. klag at camp ? . . B each and ? n har? rt? . ? raej a? ?o nary goldfish in a tank. Maybe you knew three men in year company ar.d Baaybe yea knew noBe. Polities mak*? bedfellows than irg. is all new*. The change . between tb* ? ;? ?< B, iii'..I every li Ihridoal is occupied with his ?uni concerns He learns t ?;???? i \ iliaa life has of service lie cannot even shave oat marking him ?elf. Be doesn't know that I not ordinary commercial * fer bia army ? ? rig thimble may seem it wbea the igbt fore tin on for a while he is ? ? ?! I att-r, when he will be* torr. : lag te eeos and I ra without mathes and l8 i ? ? a tourniquet and a lirst aid b?n?>i.. Kmerge* from Mental F?>g g1 pa?? el ' briskly at ? to emerge from a we] ***?* toa ar.d te take st'.ck of v\ j ? ' . m the s his hunk mate* and now, and pre-.0!it'v it to him that the Now Yon, If all ?vt r that crowd from d-owa East. It is as plain as anything that hi* particular ?ton-par.y can drill ring? around any ?th.r o itl '. :i\ the regiment His pla heet IB the company, ?Bd hi* ?quad the best in the platoon. And it ii barely possible that he "*?*> cb? r BtiOB that h? it sbeut tue aiftieat soldier of the *ight nie*, ni hi* squad. This is his f**'.! ;?r ?. ., g,, for the camp is an ab I'.err.ucracy. ? is not the only one who r*?p-?nd? te the mysterious sway of ?'Prit uv corps. The regular officers ?>*?! U. Their notion of the aptitude ?? their respective eOBUBBBda is likely ??j eo.ncide pretty closely with that of th? men. Rvea a field service veteran *>** Colonel Wolf cannot evade the *f*>-- 1U ha* b*?n heard t?. remark ?hat if any of the other IfteOB train? ier camp commanders in the United '**'*? e*n show a smarter lot of men *-h*n hu Plattsburg*? they certainly ?"?going some" Hu, private opinion ? that they can't. Pride Nos? In Full Kio??, t T*?u?, after two short weeks nride Cr Tb "rni"" *' in fu" **mar. The men are on their toes ***** m.nuu fcnd the>. kMp .??'^?p liar army instructor? i", thal ?ame predicament. "That bunch of mine." ?aid a cav? alry captain, "can pop mov n a mlaata than a Lewis ga eua pop ?a. i bars thinking on this ;ob to carry -.uno men throuch a campa i them foot they want to know why. When I say troops m column of route habitu? ally march on the right side of the; road they want to kaov old lugalar if? In the drill regal ti i' way and tho f-u?. ' The I. D. K i? the court of li ' printed ? thing but sacred i ti jth* Not so with ? want * i gi | j manual and know the rea ? such a t h. i ? r roaearel ? ? . > . compiled I ? tion i aceoi *? hat .. serai McCain i ? learn not 01 " bul "V? h ? fall they mast ii ?immer to the law lol li I I ript i There arc her-the n tudenl ... men. 0 . al of bayom t Is to bt ? s Britiah m I ? \ ? liar ofl ??ut little of the new manu ? ?: the B ' The evntire command li lean j thi . : '.cr.- i omb Some in Vrnu "Forever" So taken an mai life that the P! .ttsburg camp pro many I civilian vocatii I rover. The ntl vancement In grade of Wes1 Point ?rndunti caused 4,000 ? for st a .? -nant in 11 army. Attention the nurr.bi r of newspaper men, or former newspaper men. who bave de? cided to make the army their now cull? ing. New-paper men and portioi aamber all other pro? fessor.- n !.. t. The fascination that life afield exerts . trated by publication of schedule of duty bug e calla I which the ambitions ones must lind spare minutes io attend to the added burdens ina] osed for I This Is bon Um tra a*. Plattsburg barracks: . *' --Me: 1 Lrst call. March . a My . ?? ' cal! . ?? ..'. . 'i t'O n. m. Mt ' nins instruction : ? .-al! . ?' ' '' a. m ?My . Recall . 13 :?" m Mae: l-'ir-.t call .12 llO P. BS. 1 ?r.bly . 2:15 p.m. fVftri-M n instruction: ? "-all . ' Op.m ? .My . . t-all . 1:45 p.m. -? ? eau . ?Hy . at . I brat cal! . ' ' . i :"'1 p. m. I School call . . i-00 r> m j Call to quarters . . Tapa. ?One-half koa later Sundays and noli- i day?. It ii rot n drab life, though. The ? most serleas bu moments. The etiquette salutes ha? developed Incid? al for some . sri cf the Camp. When to und wh<n not to salute ia a deep and enigma for the average r? and you can SOS them shyly Ita the enlisted men of the regalar garri? son. Ar.d well the regalan know it. They started saluting a Boston newi papej*correspond'-nt who wort' the t laid uniform and had half the camp p the reporter honors before the candi? dates got wine. nicyllat Baa Trouble A candidate who wai ridinc a bicvele saw an officer approaching. Hazy "Pack Up Your Troubles" May Be Our Song When We Hit the German Line What will be Americ'' marching song in ?he Croat Wari Wbrn our men take their places in the *" ' melody that will rine out ab ? |k ?if the ennnon H d S] 01 them on to the ?V "P.i<k t'p Your Trouble? in Ti i i r''d Kit 1 Smile, Smile," already n favorite with thp boya in khaki, ia the Ural melodic candidate to line up for election as America's -"Tipperary." The bands sr? blarii -?ran?; in the recruiting stations. They're singing it np at Platt burg, ni I the chill wind? that blow from a* * I I '? ? Champlain whip Snatches of the sonr? back anti forth between the barracki and.far away to the distant outpo-t? Bvory war has brought its own peculiar mnrebirfr son-r. "John R?-own's Pody" leeka the echoes buck ia "W T the Classic 'There'll be a Bot Trie in the Old Town To-night" ??? me SI d j*o. Pritain's men are rhnntin-- '*Tippcrnry" on the bnrren fields of Pranec to-night Perhaps Tack tip Tear Troubles" a II 11 lion when our men pet abroad. It's s typle ' I Itii - marching song, and is a number in "Bar Sol lier Bl * *' Here are two corses and ti: nts of *v S son-r: Private Perica i? ? toons IHtle cods With a attitlf. n f mny i-mile I iv?. tata ?.one. bet an artful little dodger. With a ?amile. a funny ?mile. I 't:?h o? hrnki-. ?..li have In? little jolfa? ; He rnn't t*? ?anpeasssU. All the other MleWS ks**0 ti erin When he ceta this off hi* chest, Bli CBOBUI Pit-V up pOSt ' SoMm i'. | ?' nM kit ha-f, Arid ?mile, n On, ?mile. While POn*ee - it' r V. lu-M your tng. Smile. l>ov? . thnl'? th?* style. What's the SBS si v-'-rryinu* It never ??? trottk ?bile. So pa-*k up ? ? ?' 'e' in yOOr eld kit has*. Al.ti ?mi!?', ?mile, ?mile. Private PcrV.? tarnt a-marihinat into Flnnder?. H if h hi? **? ?'. ? fun* I smile. Ile wa.? Uivral hv the pria .la-- iii 1 e mr .' ? fOt hi? *rri!f, nts furo y ?mila? tti.ii h gsveng ti Bedkm cam* alon-r \\.*l, a nu>-' ty ?wini? Perk? >rll'.' ? St, 'TV. ? MttlS hunch i? rniri?' Ket-p >"tir heia.l ? Bad tk | CIK'I I opyrish'.ast hy I H Harm? Kranrl?. l>?> anil Hunte Py rrriiiis?ten of T. P Harm? * OSa SOS II.',! ?I at I-, I ti). PROSPECTIVE OFFICERS IN TRAINING AND THEIR CHIEF Where the Kookie OSeera Retire When "Taps" Kings (lut at Plattsburg ..i I'lini Ban l - memories concerning an injunction no* i.ntli ham.; are occu **sj trundling a wheel urrow, flitted across his mind. The regulation* ' lag about B man on B ? ? lum. So the rtcruit i the handlebar the lower peri el the head* right ai thumb ead joined, palm to left, forearm Ini lined al li de* ? .? : . ? ? ? ' ,-ht. the persejfl sa? rd persoi erne taber I with eil these detail ? ii ii ... * itoae anti eareeai d off of S ? .?'ml ???Ticer ead. It era* tmly the recular army man'- agility - averted an accident Mumbling the rcci'.:;! i! -mounted and led th '?? eway to a place where - ?> i n Whi n the offi . ii bearii the regalan rraeka gallery laughed load and long. ?ni ofTicer who had ? ? > oloael Wolf ?neal ? nant." When t; ter? lew was ended the color ! san1: "Y -ung t isB) * ioma twen I -. :: ? B lieutenant. I um now a lien;. ? oa?l. Being for a young lieaieflaat airain might '[..? a compliment at that, hut in . -ran is Bddra s. (! tevei 1* is." i? ? ? Bell'i Bggestlon that te sin? and I in their future corn? il' while on the march ha? . n. Experiment ean march r with mu = ic than PI '?dom ':. b1 a OBg. "Pack four 1 rou!.!? s in Tour Old Kit i - ?.. be t1 elite of the 2d Reg meat, while the Ki it Eag landi ? ? to "Our Director." Bot nothing can ditplaC* the old time army roondelays. Tha men al Btrj aoBg, which gi ' a Infantry, With the dirt behind their ear?: all Uk beat ? A nd ? r? The?- ci-'.tliln'l lirk the Infant! In ? hundred Ihomaad ??? Rut beneath the levity of the camp there is a dead Mtriousness. A more earnast gathering of men was never as ?embli ahead, and The Individual is now rather lubmerged, hut as the eaaree ?.nor- will rome to the front to c1.-,mi ti.?- eommsBd* thal will be the tirst of the new array in France Brat on fields of fire with the bag. Plattsburg Man Joins Foresters, Bound to Front Student Officer Steals March on Comrades by Changing Regiments \Vr-ii ? st,*? ? ..rrp?pri^--it ef The Tribun-?' Plattsburg. May Mt The first Platts? burg training camp student officer to see active service in France will be Harrington Moore, of New York. He receved hi? discharge to-tlay, and lefl Immediately for Washington, where he Brill he assigned to the forestry rogi meBti which Brill precede the Amcr-can troops "-???' Moore, who made an excellent record in the two weeks he was in training at the hai rack-, read in yesterday's papers the call for volunteers for the fore-try unit. Ile offered his services by wire, and received a telegram of acceptance this morning. Then he showed the telegram to Lieu j tenant Colonel Paul A. Wolf, the com ; mandant, ordered that Moore be honor? ably di charged "Tor special duty in France." "Always glad to help a fighting man on his way," remarked the colonel. The student officers here received their first written examinations to-day. The t. st waa on all the infantry drill reguletiOBI covered thus far. After an inspection of quarters the men were re ?I from further duty until Mon ; day. N.ne New Yorkers were sworn in as i reserve offleeea. They are Dasiel Deal* son Streeter, 11441 Bergen Street, Brook ! lyn, a field nstnralist and explorer, first lieutenant, cavalry; Arcadi Gluckman, 1606 South Forty-fifth Street, Brooklyn, d lieutenant, iafaatry' Curt E. RaBSea, ?I-'."? Wc-t End Avenue, second lieutenai t. eavalry; William M. Carson, jr.. 11!? East Thirty-seventh Street, *-c I ond lieutenant, cavalry; AJIen E. Fos 1 ter, 1S6 KiTst Forty-fourth Street, first 'lieutenant, cavalry; Payson G. Gates, 159 ?Veal Eightieth Street, second lieu? tenant, infantry; John B. Marsh, 152 Riverside Ilnve, second lieutenant, eav i.liy: Soward W. Arnold, 120 West St-venty-lifth Street, second lieutenant, cavalry, and Thomas A. E. Harris, 120 East S.-venty-second Street, second lieutenant, cavalry. Madison Barracks Men Not Immune from Draft Madison Barracks, N. Y., May 24.- As a result of a change for the better in the weather, the in-tructors of the offi? cers' training camp here were enabled ' to put the students on the parade gtroBBcla at an early hour to-day. The entire forenoon sva- 'pend in drill, and wbl n tue rien answered the noon mess call they had mad?' up the drill work, postponed on account of bad weather. Those of the men who desired to obtain lia.'- were p rmitted to have camp untii tans Sunday inrht. Very few of the m-n took advantage of the leave offered them, the majority remaining in emin, urbe!** they davalad their time to baseball and "-boming" the test ! books. Lieutenant Colonel Sample, camp ! commander, announced to-day that th?; . men m training BTS not exempt from reg OB, Some may get commi* . sions, hut a large number will po back ii life. The colonel is of the opinion that all hi tween tsventy-one and thirty should enroll and be subject to drait. Tells Charm of Rockies "On March Beside Flowers" They hi\e no foothills, these Rocky Mountains of our* in Northwestern Montana. Naked and sudden, they leap up out of the prairie gras?, a vast blue range of them vanishing into th< north, vanishing into the south, on their march from the Arctic ice to the Et-uator. They march beside the pra? i t rtosvers. their .?now fields glitter? ing white above the carpet of lupine? anti gallard?as, ant) whisper of the mys? teries their blue folds hold At 3 o'clock you see them sharp and clear, but not till H do you reach them, Bnd as you leave the stuffy tram B wind is coming down from the snow lields, over the fringng forest of fir, cool, caressing, fragrant. "Open your eyes, ' they say to you Then, "Open your lungs and breathe, deep, deep!-' But the twilight rose i> I,lu hiag BOH mi the snow fields, a pearly blue to the Beatward ha? made the roi' reg prairie a? the sea. "Now. open ?cur heart,** they say, "for you ar< : tamed to be our levar." Walter Prichard Katon, in Harper's Maga Lieutenant Colonel Paul A. Wolf, Commandant of the Plattebarg Training Camp Dawes Leaves Bank President's Chair for War Former Currency Control? ler Lieutenant Colonel in Engineer Regiment I Bv Ttl-f-rtph to The Trll.unt?) Chicago, May 2f,. Charles Gates! Dawes is typical of the fine spirit of j American patriotism that is being die-1 clo-ed throughout the nation. That is the opinion of Samuel M. | Felton, president of the Chicago Great' Western Railroad, who is mobilizing the nine regiments of railroad opera? tives and construction organizations to be sent to France to rebuild the trans- '. portation lines in the war zone. Mr. Dawes, banker and former Con-1 troller of the United States, is to be ' commissioned lieutenant colonel of one of these regiments?the 7th. "We are recruiting nine regiments ? for the engineers' reserve corps, and will require about 10,000 men. An?! t when these regiments get to work in Fiance or wherever they are sent I am confident they uill give a good ac I count of themselves. We appreciate the efficiency of the Allies' organiza? tion, but 1 don't think the American railroad builders will take a back -eat even for that organization. "Fach of the nine regiments will be commanded by a colonel und adjutant of the regular army. All other o lu? ce is will be men from civil life. Out aide of the qeartenaaeter corps they will be practical and txpcr.enced rail? road men and civil engineers. Familiar ?ith Kailroad Work "Five of the regiments will be com? posed of railroad construction men who are familiar with the repairing anti rebuilding of railroads. i "Three regiments are railroad opera? tives of all-around operating men, ca I pable of equipping and op? rating a railroad ia the highest degree of effi ? ciency. "One regiment will be made up of shop men. such a- superintendents of motive power, mechanics of various grades and their helpers. The work of these men ?iii be confined to the repair, construction, maintenance and operative d.visions. ?*I have every reason to predict this country will be proud of the patriot? ism, the nacririce and the lervtce of these men, from the humblest helper to the highest officer. "1 cannot refrain from laying again ? that the kind of patriotism shown by ? Mr. Dawes in this crisis makes us all proud of our country and the men she '. has produced." Mr. Dawes is well equipped to be? come an army engineer in such an ex i pedition. As a young man he followed . the vocation of a civil engineer, helped ' to build bridgea, lay railroad tracks an?l other work in that line. ?When I was a boy." he said, "I I started carrying ? rod for railroad j engineers and worked all '.ho way up j in the service until I became chief I tngineer of the Marietta, lolumbus I ! Northern Railroad. I know how to ? take orders, too, just like any pri ! vate, and whatever Sam Felton says | must be done I will try to do." Mr. Dawes said he would take a fur ' lough a? president of the bank and Itara the rein? over to Joseph E. Otii, vic president. Canadian Railroads May Be Merged and Run by Government Parliament Committee Recom? mends Dominion Ownership as War Measure The majority and minority reports ot the commissioner* appointed by the Government to investigate the Cana? dian railway situation vvi re presented to Parliament to-day, says the Mon? treal correspondent of 'The London Post." The majority report, which is signed by Sir Henry Drayton, chair? man of the Beard of Railway Com? missioners, and Mr. Acworth, the financial member of the commission, r?'Commen(|ed that the Gran! Trunk, Grand Trunk Pacific nnd Canadian Xorthern lines be merged with the government railways anal form..! into a single national transcontinental system, owned by the Vire anti man? aged by a board representing the peo? ple. The beard places total aid ?riven and investments in railways bl the country at fl'J.l.fOO.OOO. The Grand Trunk Railway Company is found to Le liable as guarantor for (.rand Trunk Pacific issues anil lou", ? amounting to ?T.i.-IW.OOO in addition to having ad? vanced 16400,000 to the same under? taking. The groaada adraaeed by the (.rand Trunk Railway home tim?* age for the nationalization of the Grand Trunk Pacific line are rejected. The commissioners find the Grand Trunk Railway requires over ?10,j00,000 to meet the requirements of its own busi Boae, an.l ?tates th.v tlm co?dition would not have arisen had the bo-ird been m Canada. Regarding the Canadian Northern Company, the report finds that iii" working of the system during the year en.letl last Jane result? l m a deficit of fl.ooo.oOi.. The shnreholdon in the company havp no equity on the ?/round either of cash put in or physical re? construction or 11'.. sbli rafa se a go? ing concern. Of f74.000,000 put into! the undertaking. 09,600,000 has been provided by public credit ?,r subsidy? These roads, linked with th? Nut .ni? al Transcontinental and [ntercoloniel, eonstitute the world's largo ? *?ii* i,; Germany. The amal jramation would obviate an enormous waste m duplication if the western *..-d independently, and will ultimately proiluf- '.ivorable financial results. The eommissioaare suggest the working of the .?ystem by fiv?* trustee-, consisting of three rail? way expert-, one represer'*iti,e of the employes and one business man, ex- ' erciaing full control fret- from any ! li interference. Mr. Smith, of the New York Central Railway, in the minor:* ?. ?:,??.- rt, ad? vises the nursing of aei roads by the government until ti ey beci/me self-supporting, which be bel eves will be the case in the near future. H<; finds that a serious fault in pa" gov erameat policy ?as the encourag'r.g of railway duplication in fields una' support one line, and lie suggests a corrective policy ev-n to the extent of abandoning useless prop, rty Fur-, ther. he advises state control o? SW construction.,expresses the opinion that there was insufficient business to jua- | t.fy ths outlay on the Grarnt Trunk i Railway and that the Grand Trunk line would be made pn I table ii re? lieved of its reoponaibilitj to th? Grand Trunk Pacific line and tate that the Canadian Northern line is well built, but that its extension ti Kastern CaiiaJa .v. Amateurs a Danger to Food Supply, Says Prof. MacElwee Columbia Expert Declares Use of Parks and Golf Links for Gardens Is Foolish, Short? sighted Mistake Warning? against ill-considered. am-| ateurish attempts to meet the fooil : chortage which faces this country are' set forth bj PlofoSBOl Boy S. MacEl? wee, of the department of ecoromic?. Columbia I'niver?ity, in a pamphlet. ".'riad Bullets," issued by the, di/ision of intelligence and publicity. It is the eleventh of the series ; Of Columbia war papers. Professor MacElwee'? conclusions are based on first-baad s* idle? of the food question made in the Germanic empires last summer "Th" danger," he asserts, "of scat? tering or dissipatiag national forces is the jrrea'est danger. This point is illustrated hv the- bevy cf misguided feminine patriots in bloomers charginc I Bjreaeta across Governor's Island. That these women are wasting their own time is sufTici??nt1 but they are WBStlBSJ the time of our much too few officers, who should be drilling college men to ' be officers. The motives of the ladies are laudable, but their energies are a military waste. The economic-atrri cultural source of waste is not less im? portant, -*ver. though '.ess conspicuous. "Amateur gardenir g is a great dan? ger, hecau-e it may withdraw seed, im? plements and perhape an expert's time from growing farms or more f?rtil. t'.elds where the ?;urio se, ,? and imple- ! merits would field ?'xty, eighty or a hundred fold. Amateur gardening ii seldom a success. Golf Links Not Needed "The wholesale ploughing up of parks and golf links will be a foolish and short-sighted mistake. The need of the country ia not numbers of acres, as it is in Germany and England. What is needad is adequate tillage of txistiagl acres. Gong farms must first be iep plied with sufficient fertilizer and ma? chinery. The improvised golf acre? would not he i-\|?i ct.-ii to yield heavily st beet, The immediate gain would be low. The cost of e j'.tivation would be high, because of the distances from the farmyard and kiadred it-conveniences. The cost of breaking ground is exces? sive. "The next efreat cost would be the re? turn to gilf and par.? purposes. We SHOW that parks and golf links cost great HUB! Bl BMBOS ti? sod and keep in condition. Cepita! and labor will be i eeded for other purposes after the war, and dcmaadl on th'-m for pur ?.. ** of reeoaatraetiag parks and golf links will only help to raise the rate of inter I sad wages. , "Mi -directed labor ?Brill .! -sipa'e our j roBOBreee. A thoasaad Boy Scouts may ! tt ii haul trying to make some potatoes j grow In ni adapted soil, while thou laada of bashela of peas, bians and herries, Which should go to the can i tries for the winter's supply, rot on the places of the profess.onal growers from New York to Old Point because there are no picker?. Boy Scout gar deas, Dales* carefully supervise.! and worked BBder specially favorable cir- j cumataaeea, will waste more seed and i fertilizer than thes) produce. "All these misdirected and dissi? pated effort* may become great na t,.."..'t! resoarcee when directed by an agricultural general staff in a position 11 order r. lervee t'> the weak point of the line. The necessity for centralized Federal control to utilize all these na? tional resources is obvious. "Germana Made a .Mistake" "The individual farmer, if left to himself, Will usually be wrong, espe? cially in times of such kaleidoscopic situation- as at present. The Germans it ;<: ' rocfa a mistake in their sugar acre ai*?'. Germany was the largest grosver anti exporter of beat sugar and sugar teet seed. Therefore, with no exporta t ?.'i possible, the bee*, acreage was put in'.? bread cereals. Now everybody curies a glass tube of saccharine, as s.ig.tr is almost unobtainable. That ia one more mistake we need not make. "A present and permanent good may bo accomplished by hastening diversi? fied agriculture, especially in the South. One crop production has long since been pronounced agriculturally uniel entitle and also dangerous from the point of view of local economic wel? fare. The boll weevil has done more to force diversification in the South than all educational campaigns. Even so, nearly $1.000,000.000 worth of feed is annually imported from the North, which should be grown as a rotation crop with cotton in the South. As a war measure the transportation of such quantities represents a strain on the railroads from which they should be relieved at this time, when the mos'ement of troups an?! supplies will den-am! their full capacity. Local self sufficiency within certain limits of comparative costs would be a pirma , ?vantage. The papers are full of plans to ex? tend financial aid. The guaranteed minimum price is financial aid. It is an underwriting by the government of the nation's entire agricultural output. /his ra ght a!?o be called a production bonui or ncentive. TH;s is not enough. ?pei Factor of agricultural I .aell meant but mis? ta 'a- wong a* here. Again. ?? n problem which if ed according to ? well defined - 1 polier may bring to our na a gre?' p-rmanent If misdirected the effort? w11 be "In the minimum price guarantee and , ither coaxer with which to move Mr Farmer along the lie of product.on chosen by a F?derai Koot! leard "The g*-ow?r, i Ti order to participate S advantages of a guaranteed minimum price 'or five yours and in older to obta.n fjnds for capital in nressents on his prop? erty a*. !o ? ?? h':.I repayment rate?, obligates himself for the term ? i follow the directions an.! aiv.ee of the count* supervisors, bli ihed pulley of the stat" and Federal food boards. Drastic Meaearco Net Neceesary "This ihould, with a is" e ?uaiciou* education, brir.g the farmers into the national system. For those *vlu still demur the government has on hand the tie measures of sequestration in view of war and national danger. tie mea ires, however, saould not be n?ces?ary. "The necessity for co-.tralized Fed era! control to utilise a!! these t ational resources is obvious We may outline in pr.nciple, the following or?:anuation to that end: A. i he la-.ler.il Pood taara. ( Ex?h- jtive. i-..!. ? .' .' *?\ MreeSae I I lr. Ii,*..I Stat? H.'|?rlment of Pre al?:.-:i..n. ti n 1er a Uira-artor of Pro afaeSjoU. ' II. Th> te teat State? Da-i-irtmarnt of Marketiri:- ?ral Con?ump"i> n il'n der a Dil vU.r of Marketin* I (I I'Ti**"'i.*r.' of I-?I- '"-'''1 r?-|Ulr? ?. jy *e l?Ha In Ui?i line Mia Ui? itKeteary aa aalt'aU.'a | tit I r.?? acre^ar?. ?iffia-e. I'?I The ????-?! i|| The labor . tri.-e. til The m.i.'hir.erv, impli-rr.er.U and ... ? . (Bl The fertiiuer office It', , '1 tie liar te?'?, office. t.i I I ?? I M . ' -'allen sCtlU rho rural credit and banting of? ? nina, cold ?taira?;? anti irrtaru.'. rl offiWA B. The State r\?o?l B.iard. with ?uh-tlivisiona roarreapondins te the Federal org-an iii ?arti ce?rmun?e?lth. C. The county supervisor, wh >, with hi? lieutenants li r-*sp..ti?il ,e for the practical va. rking otu ,'? the na? tional-state policy. "Although the plan of organization here outlined is only an unofficial suggestion, the discussioa of ?t may Serra to stimulate thought and action concerning some of the many complex problems involved. To Avoid Cross Purposes "The United States Department of Production must have its duties, func? tions and authority clearly specified in order to reduce to a minimum loit motion, cross purposes, duplication of effort, or jurisdiction dlaputee, All heads and sub-heads must have their duties and titles clearly specified. They nviat be given absolute author? ity within their sphere ard at the same time made responsible for re? sults. "The function of the Federal Food Roard, in the large, is one of policy, while that of the state board is on? of practical execution. The Federal Food Hoard must, be the clearing house for information from the coun? try and the world, where matten of policy are decided and put into exe? cution. "The state food boards, for admin? istrative reasons, should be along identical lines w.th the Federal Food Board. However, there is a funda? mental difference in their function!. The Federal Board formulates the general policv. The state board is concerned with the practical work of executing the policy. They also furnish the Federal board with all that invaluable detailed information concerning local conditions so diffi? cult to obtain. "The 6tate agricultural collegee, with their faculties, alumnte and laboratories, should be a part of the organization." Flag for Rockaway Fort Citizens Make Presentation to New Army Reservation Citizens of Rockaway Point yester? day presented to the new United .States army reservation at "ort I ?niton a flag and pole. They were fui chased by popu'ar subscriptiors. hefore the presentation ceremonies a parade was held in which the United Slates regulan, the school children of ltoc-a-avvay Point and ?Jo social, char? itable and fraternal organizations took part. Fttilowmg this the pamden and ether cuzens gathered at the racer vstion, where Kdward C. Wood w.ade the presentation address. The fisg was then raiaed on its eighty-onotfeot staff by Benjamin L. Dunbar, one of the four surviving members of the John Corning Post, G. A- R. RAISE YOUR BIT! By Richardson Wright. Editor of Route anri narden. When President Wilson stated that the right was more precious than peace. B great many worthy gardeners forth? with argued that the potato wa? more precious than the rose. This is one of the panic fallacies that should be pereistOBtly combated. Granted you can eat the potato and not the rose. But sane eating is not all this war will require el us. It will require courage, a contented frame of mind and a juit measure cf happiness. The rose will be as essential to our life as the potato, and the sooner gardeners arn\e at an appreciation of this fact the sooner will the present hysteria be allayed. If "ra.n where you want it when you want it" were a possible thing, our . problems would be far simpler. For vegetables as well as flowers must have a sufficient supply of water at the proper times, and when ruin fails to materialize you must fall back on ! some art.he.al method of supplying tar* That mojt of these sub? stitute schemes are troublesome, an?! but poor imitations at best, every ex? perienced gardener Vnowg. If it were a question of applying water to the ground and nothing more, the answer would not be difficult. The point is, it must be applied as nearly as may be in the manner in which rain falls, so that it can ?oak in gradually and leave the ?oil undi?turbed by washing or i caking after it begins to dry in th? 1 sun. Of late years ther* ha* been devel? oped a system of watering which ia as nearly ideal as can be imagined. To rue initiated it is known a? the "overhead irrigation" system. Briefly, it consists of parallel linea of *4-inch galvanised pipe* supported on post* 2*t feet high, 15 feet apart ?n the row, with 60 feet between line*. Each pipe line is held in a socket on th* top C? every poht so that, by mean* of a handle at the end, it can be revolved through a few degrees. At 4-foet Ib t r\a!t a small nozzle is let in, ead the main lines are connected wita the nous* water ?upply by mean* of spe? cially made coupling* which allow the turning 'aat referred to. I In operation the *y?tem i* simplicity 'itself. The water, which must be under a pressure of at least 20 pounds, is forced out through the nozzle* ia each line to a distance of t% feat. By revolving it on its supporting post* each line ?vi!! thus water a atrip 60 feet wide and a* long aa the pipe line may be The advantage* of the scheme ara obvious. Ii givea an absolutuely even disposition of water, which fall* mach as ram would do; the watering ia practically automatic- all you have te do is to turn on the s?he and about once every half-hour revolve th* nozzle line through a few degree? *o a* to , water h new area; it can be used en , any kind of ground at ?light expense; and it leaves the surface soil in good condition.