Partly overcast, with somewhat
lower temperature to-day To?
morrow fair. Gentle to moderate
west to northwest winds.
F.?I Kep.Tt on r??e I?
^sm?m*^ Pim.tity .#.#-? Te
First to Last-the Truth: News . Editorials . Advertisements
Over 100,000 Daily
Net Paid, Non-Returnable
VOL. TAX VI I Na 25,779
The Tribune A??'n]
FRIDAY. JUNE 15. 1917
? -t- *
ONE GENT A?&
Two Billion Loan
$950,000,000 in City
Liberty Bell's Call Sounds
From Ocean to
Aid Comes from
All Parts of Nation
More than 2,500,000 Indi?
viduals Respond to
The Libert** I-can will be oTcroub
acr.b--.- This is the opinion at povem
r-.-r.*. I L* iala, based upon the preat
wave of subscriptions that rolled in
from a'l parts o? the rat.on yc>terday.
In the Mew "? ariel the
i billion had been practically
tak?r; up by nightfall yes'erday. At
roen - Wea were SftOS.fiOO.COO. '.
Uter - ' pure $950,000,1
.. . people of
tie : -
"f eon ecture. Al 0 per
a their fli
noon to-day. It la said ti
buttona have al?
ready leen given out.
jri voice of the old
Liberty Bell awoke at noon yesterday
upon the 24-hour
r-rkli nish of the 30-day can
I'nder the gentle tar? of n gold ham?
mer wield? .
. its sound ifht up and
: to the Taci?c
by c. milli?) ar.d belli. For
.r.inutes these sounded, warning
the people of the nat;..? r last
opportunity to buy th'
lfcAdoo issued f.guto? jrea?
. showing that the loan wai
? . . I that ;
this dene:'. . ,
hefore noon to-day. Thousand? of. ?
I not yet turned in thrir re- ,
it the loan of the
|1 *".nds which the department
tiut ni ving ia planning
Thousands in Lines
Ir. Every State on Last
Day to Get Liberty Bonds
bington, .' .
campaign entered the home
- to-day erith ?very
.?? -nendous thirti th-day drive
. *. *
. . .nish.
| bells and
Of the tari.
. work for the lo;-, r
? h, of
f banks in every state of
If hour?.' work is
? | -. ti .
ace?,- theee report?. Before
? - hope,
man ? rta
. - Bg hour
. i, basis foi
.. . ..'
noon . ?* the total
adelphia and ]
it tra. .
Continued on tat? page
.Many Prices for Many Things
-Navy Pays $58 for Ship
Plates, Shipping Board .$90
-No Plan of Buying or
by Billion Dollar Units
By C. W. Gilbert
VI/* ASHINGTON*. June 14.-This gov
T T ernment has entered upon the j
third month of the war and it has no
effective policy with respect to costs.
To say that no general workable ?
scheme exists to save the country from
paying top price? for what it is buying
?Brill doubtless cause surprise, for the I
public was assured that the nation j
would not have to purchase Its -var j
materials at war prices. Indeed, it ;
was announced that our allies, too, j
would share in the low prices the ,
United States should enjoy.
hi an illustration of what was being
accomplished in this direction through
the patriotism of the nation's business
interests, a special price in this or that '
tai al was announced from time to
time. And, as proof of the lengths to '
which this country would go te pro-'
tect its own interests and to keep the ,
from having to pay excessive
. wa? not lan after law passed
permitting the Administration to com- ,
mandeer practically everything under,
Lack of System
Wiih Respect to Cost
Bnt r.o system exis's. Some men are
supplying the government at a low
price and some others a? a lii-rh prie?.
And some men ure selling to one de?
partment at a low rate under an agree
roent and soiling to all other depart
menta at or near the market rate if]
the absence of an agreenu-n?.
Ard still anol .* io-! rxisfs.
In some com mod i 1 . - the country has ;
. ' ? I rodueers for a .
"mall auantity of their product, and1
? shun itcd it ?rill have ,
?. .. much larger price, or per-!
? ? a. The aitnation
to producers who have
moved by their patriotism an?!
fail . . th? country. Under it,
g number of ii . least.'
big contracts have been li I al I .
ii" not practicallv mark, t
cost of the war is going to be
Th?' trouble is in the
mental I every one here. Th.'
''? ?? ew, revealed over and over
thal this war is
. Bl ?! v." are in
tor. much of a hurry to consider waste.
The confu ii n ;.i .! the i age c< I
I no pulley ?.re best ?llu-'
with respect to ships. The steel in?
8 Nnvy Department a
I foi naval con
."*'** .i ton for .-hip pint?
pri?e is much I.?'low the market
till about twice what
COSl foi the '.var !
? . per?
on?, the coat of manu?
facture ?if .-'..' 1 having gone up greatly
the war began, not merely
.i: the Increased rast of labor,
. through the necessity of working
grade "?? . m ordei to supply the
Navy Has One Price;
Shippini- Board Another
Noa this prie?'. But
Og iii.ard is paying $80 or
II platea. In the only
.i t en winch ?ietitiitc inform?ti"ri
. -. steel ranged from >.
, . '...-. si to |86 for the
. .f inda. The latter price
, . wa for pintee. Prices for
ime rungc of steel in the navy
runs from |60 te
Well Informed trad.- papers assert
i that the price for plates generally will
and that -agrees with
. given to a Ben.
the ('ucstion of
. appropriation fur
?: bud .> policy with reaped
bonld .' ?pay *?'* tat
: got for the
arl ?ela for another u .-.???
. the eui I of ships
?den ?I from another angle.
j" the - .<- ?'?' ? ?t? it < ama out that
. . ?hip construction
. ;,t the rate of |1W ?
....ni m the
pi c.ul?l be built
If ?a ai<- no1
bat are these"
for whi? h we took ever.
...,,. ,. ,-,,- to eo 11187 e ton, ."..:' ?ore
. ton the al Ipa we are contract ina
our new ships are to be oi
. all on on?- 01 '
mod? Is, built by the wholesale, ?<> te
ild ??'. ? leiv- than the
p !.. id? .tly v,?- ?,r, -
f..r mu . hipe, and
. ititi ed the prieee. "H s
. . hipe B1 eora, ao li I i
... ... t ,ugb< ?i ? '
i, nd 'I ha wat BOW? tra te com
,, . ist for i? aaon i that ar? j . .
. , . rho ii Hal loni ' keV .
, . i all minds. Ths war la going te
'I here ii !.!w.,y, wa-ti?
.. A tbnt w..r BBMM going <!??< p in
. . .. . it recelv ng powei fal o(B<
i .-?i eneourogoasent here la Washing
t, ".Then, .' '" sell, pi
portions Brill not be '"'.v ''* '"'?'' uotUa
'I he altunt?on with rei puct to eoppo i
different, but II ??. >?:
? ? . rar beean thi
.. ;.i. ?stimaU ?.! the
"?.oui.t ol SOBOei it v-ouiu weed, and
MUSI IT HAPPEN AT HOME BEFORE WE ARE AROUSED?
??NU BABY \v\s KIDNAPPED FOR RANSOM AND MURDERED IN MISSOURI AND \ WHO! I STATE
ROSE IN ANGER
AND STILL ENLISTMENTS DRAG POB SERVICE
IONS IN RANSOM COLLECTED K1 THE
IN FRANCE, WITH MILLIONS OF I IVES \M> BILL
POINT ni THE SWORD l?> BE IVENGED
Excerpts from Two Flag Day Speeches
Mr. Wilsen, ai ''. ?- i ai ?i Washington Monument:
nat, B war for freedom and ji-tice
r. ii If government amongst all the nations of the ?rrrld,
.1 war tu make tnc world safe for the peoples who live
t'f.nn it Tin! have ma?lo it their own. the German ptopls
thimstlves included, and thal with na rest-? the choice to
"'leak thrungli all these hypocrisie?? and patent ehoats and
r.asks O? brote force, .-?nd help net the world free, or else
itnnd -lie dominated a lout: ace through hy
: } oat force of arms. . . .
For u there ?a bat one choice. We have made it.
Woe I?" tu the man or croup of mon that seeks to stan?!
n our wa.?/ in this day of hitfh resolution, whtn . ?' i I ?
princu le we hold di areat is to he vindicated and made
seenre f? r th? salvation of the nat! .. We ara ready to
?alni al th?! bar O? history, and our ila,,- shall wer.r B new
O.ICe more we shall make ?good ?erith our live? and
forton? . . faith to which we were horn, and a new
gio? shall shim- in the face of our people.
Mr. Roosevelt, tpealetng m Lincoln, Nob.:
?iver four months have paased since Germany da?
dared war upon ni for her note of Jannarj ' a .. -imply
: d?claration of war, and ehe had
making wai on us for two years). Bot we -till hnve
tut a ingl? regiment at the front. It has recent:-, been
i nnounceil from Washington that th?-? shortage of supplies
ia so complete that ?he small division of reguiai- andar
pallant General Perishing, which ii is hoped soon te send
to the front, cannot he reinforced hy oth?T divisions for
many month3 to come, and that the training of the lraf'.
army cal ?not even be hefrun until some time in Sept? I
. ' least three months hence.
I he fallt lies primarily in our failure to prepare !ur
I np* the last three year.?. W li ibic safety to
the British fleet and the French and English armies. Uncle
Sam is in 'he undignified position of the Bann who trcts ?n:
a streetcar ami then fnmblea ?ti h ia pocket while aoastbody
? ?r a pays his fare.
f? Il fur abort. The War Department
. j underestimated Ita neede. And
no one thouRht of the needs "f the Al?
The total i-? J mate, if I am corree'ly
informed, waa 50,000 tons. Now the
timati : 8,0 ??.mu tona Mr. Barnch,
an energetic member <?f the adviaorj
comm ttet of the Conn?ril ?>i* National
Di fi i i', took tin 60.000-ton eetimate to
copper prodncera 'ti good firth, and I
they agreed to let the government have
thal amonnl of copper nt Id eenta B
pound. The market pri?e was mort
than 80 eenta. Hut now tant our attda
turn ont to be 8,000,0? 0 lons, it is nn
other question. A aomewhal airoilar
thing l.a^ happen? d ia sine
Difficulty of the
We nan] ? ich to ?? ?pp? r rh? under
lying aituntion m copper the same
a?, that in steal, sin? and practically
everything else. The asta ?h?? aran
willing to anpply eopper for Id etnl
had nell etina They could prodate
cupper for ahout 10 cents. They
?ron willing to forego largo profits on
60,000 tons, hut when it become- a
qutstion of 8,1.,000 tons thty say ?try
proptrly thnl the arbole eopper industry
I beni its -har?- of the barden.
Which ia just. All should !?<. treated
alike. The country should not be bc
b old ta f?? toast ftw prodncera.
Hut when you try to lay the whole
industry ondtr contribution th?' diffl?
eultiea begin. The big ?i< mond f??r ?"op
per ha- bronghl low gradi orea into
nae. Some product! ;?...? turning out
el n i osl of l8 n nts a pound.
i in ;, can't i"- aaked t?> let the country
bavt .' for 16 coate a pouad. Now tht
copper mtn suggest that this high coal
oj production in- made tht basis ??n?l 8
eenta profil bi a ou.?'! on if. and the
, i ?ee !??r the 3,000,000 toi - >.? maule '-'i
a pound, which le below the m.ir
hot rat?', but is Still a war price tor
Another a ogg" ition, along th<- line. I
of the El I? practice, i . I
the eonntry adopt the cost plus a?
ainl j.i.y the man ?h* .'<." product f"p
por for 1 '' r? nts 10 citit.s, and the
niau ulm? CO ' is l8 State 'J I ont-,
and so on throii.-li th.' ? . . !|. i.
you run up BgalBBl the diflculty winch
General Goethela ancountered with
,, p?el t?? ih pt winn h?' rejected tht
eott pin ratea na Impractical. How
Il ri..- < ?, t to I??' ascertained' Have the
low |*rml? ore lunn- pi ???lue?-?""* BB] rtol
eott accounting . ?< m ! Bo far aa I
.?. I? ai n, u" ai ..?.? r baa
been i I ti I lueatii I
no i ...:. o ? been put into eff? ci, ? on?
lu .?'.i. Hil? II Ik I? Britta H?.'?lala
Allies to Ask Declaration
Of Russia's Stand in War
, fir-ni Tic Trll ure Hur?au)
Washington, June 14. -An official
I ci rnmuniqu? of the Italian government.
mud? public here to-day. dlocloeca that
! it is the purpose of the Kntente gov
! ernments to request the Russian I'ro
I visional Government to deiine Russia's
i position and declare her intention?.
It was -tate.l in Allied quarters to
day that the Entente Towers hail care
: oily examined the cntir?- situation arii.
had come t?> these conclusion.-:
IThat the noiition occupied by Rus
lia affects the entire plans of the
Allies, especially as regards military
operations in the near future which
are conten plateil by Kngland, Franc?
2 That nothing Knaeia may de can Ir?
repnrably deasarge the ennaa or the
II 'crest? of the Allia?.
3 That Jap.in stands ready to prevent
I.U--I.I from forming sr. nlliai.ee
with (?ernany or giving aid to the
?' ntral Towers.
The official statement from Rome,
dated June 1.'., disclosing the attitude
of the Entente nations ii.".ard Rus.ia
,?nd containing a forecast <?f reprt
tations to he made at Petrograd ia be?
half of the Allies, wy ;
In Italian political eirelcs it is f? It
that th." attituil" ol' the Allies t?iw.-ir?l
Rusai* warrants th?'ni in questioning
the Russian government concerning
the intentions of Rm ia.
The message of President v\
hu- s?, thoroughly c\ ared the situ?
ai on that it ii impost i?!.' honestly to
connect the alleged pam ?eratic riows
of the Ru ian government with the
pacifist advances of tie (.'entrai Pow?
The coa ion! m 11 . part of Eng?
land In 'he s m '? of all the Allies te
revise the conditions of the alliance
excludes every pretext whatsoever
of the Russian es*ti m iti oi ? ?ad
hag the duty to fight against Ger?
many and Aast: la,
Ii view of tties,. .ieclarations of the
Allies, it is felt that the Russian
government ai li a] ti
decision in ord. i te r . der the pro
i rrasan tai of a part of the
Rnaainn popalal an ruin.
Ruasis most :'r? ?. herself from the
dang? roui tiofl be i .11 ti"'1.
? yat lal] th< ..ke of Ru -
Fighting Precedent in Portland
"We've always done it that way." say the* self
righteous "conservatives" in Portland. Ore, when
their shady advertising practices are pointed out.
aSamuel Hopkins Adams tells in next Sunday's
Tribune of the opposition the Better Business Bureau of
the Portland Ad Club is meeting in its efforts toward
As usual. Adams is very much worth reading. See
that your newsdealer reserves your .Sunday Tribune for
June I 7th.
?h? ?Sutt?iai* ?Tribune
British Drive East of Mes?
sines May Force Im?
Haig Opening Roads
New Entente Attack on
Arras front Predicted
London, June 14. What appears
to be a partial German retreat
is ia progress en the '-'landers
fron?. General Haig's report on the
retirement le cautiously worded. He
merely says: "A further advance east
of Messines, combined with the press?
ure of our troops south of the front
"f attack, has compelled the enemy to
.-.bandon sections of his first Mr.* de?
fence system between St*. Yves and the
River I.;. -."
This announcement, however, hears a
striking re?emhlance in its wording to
that issued by the British War Office st
the beginning of the Hindenburg re?
treat on the Somme. At the present
moment it may be unwise to speculate
as to whether this is ,i loeul withdrawal
or a general retirement, but, in view of
til?' strategic importance of the Hritish
control of the "ffytschaete-Messineo
Ridge and Haig's recent message to the
army, saying, "The full effect of this
rietor** cannot yet be estimated, hu' it
is certain to be very great," expert ob?
servers here are expecting significant
Meanwhile, Bri'ish troops tn-<lay
-'i.nr...I Infantry Hill, cast ?if Monehy.
?'ii a front <>f three-quarters of a mile.
Haig's men gained all their objectives,
ai.ii captured IT'? prisoners, including
thrt-e oflccrs, mu? a couple of machine
r??re??liad<.?* Arra? Attack
rhoagh the action appears to have
only a rani in force, the ground
won is important rsnd (ives the Hrit
iet a mor- complet-?- domination of the
r-. ith han:-; of *li? River .?-carpe. While
(??crierai Haig's fore.-, hell 'he heights
Immediately enat ef Mor.rhy, the Gei
n.nn-; cl'fig tenaeioouly to Infantry
Hill, and loverai times repulsed efforts
.-iptur,' it. The engagement la in?
terpreted here as foreshadowing the
...1 of fighting on a large seals on
'h?' Arras front.
B ater'a eorreepondent a* the front
that the Germen heavy -h Us
? Plandei rally falling at
r . ga, which
hie big guns
.- i fur B4 penible short "f actually
ng them out of BCtion. He adds:
"The British contact patrols are
harassing the enemy as much as pot.
? .i'?! the artillery Is maints
.??y bombardment of his new posi?
tion?. The eountr) across which the
German ..re now retiring is low and
marshy mid m wal weather liable to
h?' flou,?eil, (mt thanks to the long
drouth :' offers i'o particular difficulty
;o the British problema at the presen!
time. Tiri- the Strategie situation is
full of ten ' .: |??' - bilities."
Among these may be the early ?vacu?
ai on of a and Con n? The
German retirement, .?- thus far report
ed, includes a fron* of about two mile?,
and it can hardly stop .short of the
southeast bunk of the River Lye, which
forms the boundary between France
and Belgium In the angle between the
I.js aini the Yproe-Lille ?"ana!, which
Mow - into the Lys at Cominee, then' is
nothing but ground so low as to be
:.linn-' be loa sea level, and from
Capaard, which the British hold, north?
ward te Kleine Zillebeke, there is not
even a hamlet to the weat of the canal
in which the enemy can intrench him?
Mu) Advance Along Lys
The River Lye, in it- IM mile course,
runs straight through Belgium before
it join? the Scheldt, and General Haig
may elect te BM thil waterway a? a.
approach into Belgium juet as, further
south, he ii asing the rnlloy of the
iSearpe in his approach npoa Douai.
Th.' military correspondent of "The
?n/cstiaii tai Gaxette, discussing the
present strategic position, says to-day:
..Thin .< .i great military road Into
.m from the weat through lfpres.
There is another greet rend from th<*
weet through Armenti . along the
\.?!!cy of the Lye. Theae r??;.ds con?
verg?- at Menin, which is an important
railroad as areli aa ioad centre. The
fVytschaete Ridge lies in the ungle be?
tween ii.'*-'- roana, which its poesesi i n
commanda, Theee geographical fact
make it clear why the Germans fought
? | :o gain posse lion of the ridge
and an ri ? ling te pay ( ?r it a pi ?< ?
equal te that winch tiny were willing
to i ly for Verdun, if their entire losses
Y| r.-. i l ir.I-!I:?|.-.1.
"Hy rendering the ridge impregnable
believed th< I arreo ..roi
I thil front door into Helgium
But th?- i dga served another
pulp" . 1 rp ther with til" bastion of
La Basses it formed s cover, itiffening
the German right -ing. Everything
on the . nemy'i west fn at depended on
the right wing remaining secure.
Without Belgium as .. military baje
German eampaiga eon d no go on."
Undoubtedly the attacha enat o: M?>.
and thoae reported to-day louth
al th? Bcarpe, ru-ur Monehy. are con
nected actiona. The Britiah drive,
i -, almost infinitesimally, is con
renting on I. IK and the great indus?
trial region around it That Gel
Haig may have v.eg larger strategic
ria milicated in the opin
'. the military critics.
The Berlin bulletins make no men?
tion of a German retirement, and spe?
cifically state that "the positions re?
main unchanged." The explosion of
?Ines east of Ypre?; which "worked
havoc with the British position" is re
fttficml report.'' nuri ctlher u-cir
tU M ?'. I i' I'll','
For a Flying Fleet
By Defence Board
U.S. to Give France
In Aerial Service
Allies Must Compete with 3.500
German 'Planes in 1918,
Hans. June |J delayed*. A semi?
official note concerning the strengthrn
ing of the flying branch of the Allied
ser?, ice and the co-operation of America
in this effort says :
"Fantastic t%ures have been published
regarding the increase of the aviation
corps, but to realize what a great ef?
fort confronts us it is only necessary
to see what the enemy is doing. Ger?
many purposes to bring into line for
I the spring of 191? machines to the
1 number of 3,M10.
"In comparison with the thousand?
and millions with which certain writers
have juggled, this seem? feeble. It la
nevertheless considerable, for it is not
enly a question of having that many
machines. The number must be main?
tained, and to maintain it drafts cal?
culated at 50 per cent for the light,
t'ast machines and at 86 per cent for
the heavy machine? must be furnished
"Without giving the French figures,
it may be saul that they are consider?
able and comforting and that eonstruc
*ion will be powerfully helped by Amer?
ican co-operation, which trill enable
France to maintain the BMMtel '. of the
"The help asked of the United States
has alrea'iy been arranged for in ac
conianct vith precise, i xact pin is and
consists; First, of the dispatch of a
I rn contingent of trained pilots, who
will complete their instruction in
France and the dispatch to America of
.. contingent of French instructor-,
, sent st the req .est of the United
States; second, increased shipment.
?rom America of half-finished parts of
machin.'S and the co-operation of
American industry with French in
dustry in certain French plant? ca?
pable of rast development; and. finally,
the production of engin?s ami complete
machine.' by America according to her
own moans and method?.
"This progrimme has been through?
ly worked out by the aeronautical au?
thorities and its application in America
ha? he^n intrusted to Captain Andre
Tardieu the French High Commission?
er to the Fniteil ?-?tate ? |
"It is a formidable enterprise which.
developing rapidly, will be carried
Hawley Protests at
Failure of U. S. to
Makers Able to Turn Out
15,000 Machines ?n Six
Months, He Says
A letter protestiag aga Bat the delay
in making the necessary appropriations
for the manufacture of the thousands
of aeroplane? v.Uch, it is said, will be
necessary to win the war was sent yes
'er.lriy by Alan R Hawley, president of
the Aero Club of America, to Senator
George F. ?hamberlain, chairman of
the Senate Committee on Military Af?
fairs, an<l?|o Representative H. S. Dent,
jr., chairman of the House Committee
on Military Affair-,
Mr. Hawley points out that the eight
aeroplane manufacturers in this coun?
try, who have facilities for turning out
2 000 machines in three months and
could, under pressure, turn out l?.OOO
within six months' time, are practically
idle now, as no orders have been re?
ceived from the government.
"We subm.t that Instead of keeping
these manufacturer? idle," the letter
read-, "they should be given largo or?
ders to enable them to develop their
manufacturing facilities to ten times
their present capacity. This they can
"These manufacturers are in a better
position to arrange to increase theil
production by ten times than the Brit
Ish aeroplane manufacturers wert in
the early part of 1911; when the Brit?
ish ?govtraratat gave than the neces?
sary order- to -i cure the eaBBBsaBB of
their manufacturing facilities. As a
re?ult, the sn. iii British aeroplane man?
ufacturers who could produce OBI] an
aeroplane a week in the early part of
1916 are now prodocing from live to ton
aeroplanes a day The snnu- thing can
be done by American aeroplane BtBBU?
Mr Bawl? declares that all of the
American Braes art rta?j to turn out
any type of machine -.vh.cn the govcrn
ment may order.
"It has boea ?estimated that, .:' proper
orders ure given, ?'.gi-, Bsaaufactartra
can develop their facilities to supply
aeroplanes m the following quantities
by January li Curtis? Aeroplane Com
puny, ?'.oi'O ?nut.?ne?; Standard Aero
Corporat.on, ?Ami; Aeromurine Flane
and Motor Company, T.Vi; Burgess Com?
pany, T.'.O; I.. U ? Fngtneenng Com?
pany, T50; Startevaat Aeroplane Com?
pany, To?); Thomas-Morse Aircraft
Company, TOO, and the Wright?MartiB
Aircraft Corporation, 750."
i.Kr'AT MUM -r;;iv(? ?i ,\, M?-io?
UM aa? '? au . ? si upr?.?? i?'.,??,
American Aid Planned to
Win Aero Supremacy
May Decide War,
Coffin Tells Senate Commit?
tee How Germans Should
[Ireni Ttis Tribuir? Bur?au'
Washington, June 1 1. Six hundred
million dollars for aeroplanes will be
asked of Congress m a new appropria
tion bill to he introduced in a few ii
at the request of the ?ouncil .?f Na?
This is to be in addition to the $fi4.
000,000 just apprr??M..ited for aircraft
in the fSJttlflC I 00 '?-ar appropriation
measure 'row waiting the President'?
aignatnre. The total for aircraft, if
the new bill passes without change m
amount, will be just two-thirds of a
billion dollars. Flans for spending
that amount have been worke?! out hy?
It was in a desire to arouse a sen?
timent which would force this unprec?
edented appropriation through Con?
gress that Howard F Curtin, chairman
of the committee on aircraft of the
i Council of National Defence, gave out
I his interview, printed in The Tribune
i this morning, pointing to the tremen?
dous service which 'his country could
render immediately by using al! possi?
ble rttturtte of tht nation to obtain
supremacy in the Bir.
EvOB ia Washington. f< U Ailminis
tration officials had realned that the
part to be playeil by the United Statte
in air tighting in the plans of the
council, nt least had rtBCttd su, |
proportions. There was A mild feeing
on Capitel Hill that Congress had batt
liberal in voting more than sixty mill?
ions for aircraft, and now the council
la about to ask f?>r ten time.? that
1 much more.
May Aid Ne*?? Department I'lan
'II. ' mammo'h appropriation, it n
thou;,-'it, may lend strength to the
move to establish a separate ?ahmet
j portfolio for ueronautics, as urged by
Rear Admiral Peary, of North Pole
fame, and Lieutenant Colonel Rees, of
the British Royal Plying bajua?ien, be?
fore a Staate committee thi? wool
Six hundred millions for aircraft is
not explained merely by Aastrict doing
bl ;. share in ma 'arning air BUprtBSBty
on the Western front, or in lighting the
submarine with hydro aeroplanes. It
looks to compie'e trial siipretnacv
above the (?orman army, t?i orr.pletn
domination of the air ovtr the German
lines of communication, and to seri
tUS t.terference with thost ?B? , tBBC
making the fa?!, sf the men la
I. tinte trenches much ca?:< r
!. fithusiasts In the Council of Na
tiona! Defence and elsewhere, inciud
.'.<' BktBsbtrs nt the missions from the
Entente Ailie-, btlitvt that this toadl
t,on, which can be brought about, they
say, if America puts her nhoulder to
the wheel for all she is worth, will
win the war quickly and speedily he
for? there has been an opportunity fo ?
tht ?-acrifice of hundreds of thousand!
of American lives in trench f.ghtmg.
Would At-sure Trench Success
A domination of the air back of th??
German lines, which would make it
virtually impossible for the Gorman?
to bring up reinforcements or supplie-,
v.iuld, were it effective, it is asserted,
mr.ke success by the Allies in the
trench lighting sure. It is declared
positively that this can be done if
America supplie? a sufficient number of
aeroplanes and fliers.
Before the Senate sub-committee
which is considering the Sheppard
Hulbert bill to create a separate de
par'ment of aeronautics, with its sec?
retary in the President's Cabinet, Mr.
Coffin to-day urged the tremendous im?
portance of America doing all it can to
maintain aero supremacy over Ger?
"In the eight years previous to lilf,"
said Mr. Coffin, "the government placed
orders for a.rcraft in tr.n country for
?OBBtth ' ?* Ilka :'fty-mne machines. At
the beginning of the war we had no
industry ii. this country which had
be.n fostered in any way by govern
rr.?nt support, and we have practically
entered this wartime situation with no
irdustry beh.nd us.
"When appropriations were made
under last year's bill twenty-nine or
oers had been placed by the military
service for about Ml or 400 machines.
I think we got out of that order about
1? or 171 machin?e. When we get into
a crisis such ns we are now in it is not
a ?luc-t'.on of ROS emmental orders, or
of dcl'.ora and cents; it is a questio.
of material and time and organization.
America's Part in Air Struggle
"It is easy for the War and Na? I
1 departments, in view of foreign ea
! pentnee, now to decide upon tne typei
1 of machines necessary. It is not *<?
j ?May, however, to produce machines in
j thi J country in the quantities demand
led and of the quality and tv pea ne:
esanry under conditions ot modern
'Our great part, unqiAationaDly, ia
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