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Voi? ra!! \V K A T H K R r fair ta ta] OM? tomorrow. Moderate south ?inda. lull Kepo r? on r??e B ?tott)l0r.k ^ ^009-*^ E* ?, J. g -, T . ?&& SrUmne CIRCULATION* Over 100,000 Daily Net Paid. Non-Returnable First to Last?the Truth: News Editorials ? Advertisements lAWIl NO. 25,809 ll'np.rlRhl 1917? The Tribune A??*n) SUNDAY, JULY 15, 1917-SIX PARTS-FIFTY-FOLTB PAGES ??**.?* FIVE CENTS ?\\% City President Stops Marine Insurance Leak to Germany prohibits Teuton Owned Companies from Doing War Risk Busines? Tribune Had Shown Menace to Shipping proclamation Suspends the payments on Contracts ' Until After War r. jr.au] fsjl ?..-. . July 14. Presid-nt f'ion cut off German controlled in? orare? companies to-day from access to shipping information which, The fagm baa beaa poiating out for a^ tHBth. i? d ?'?'?al importarce to C.er- ! at.?,?. The President, by proclamation, the inT-man companies from j ? | either marine or war risk j geajaaea They can do no more orip; n\ underwriting, nor may American caopanie? roiasara risks with them. The two c ? ? ai insurance forbid ?Mi German companies have to do ex ?ith shipping, the term ma? nne insurance covering the ordinary ' :?'? of the sea, such as loss in colli iion, storm Bl Bl? at sea, while war ?ilk covers the additional risk of loss ? dimsg** through acts of war. It will thu.? be reen that German ?otr.pinies writing fire or casualty in fcnr.?, either for their own account #r i? reinsurers of risks written by ether?. c?n continue to do business as ?rosi. This leaves them free to write jsurisce on munition? and shipbuild- I :tj plants, a privilege, insurance men point out, almost as dangerous as OMtmt insurance. Vnoer th? pence time system, which c?-'.-.u?<l de?r?'?e The Tribune's ex pc?are of the risk involved, the Ger m??i coapani'S were, as a matter of tetpm, informed of sailings, destina ?jotu, Buna'eata and othtt maritime ?m?hich American newt-papers re aaadfrom publishing at the request ?fahMavy Department. lujr of the concerns to which these titters were confided were branches ??'(??innan companies, incorporated in '?su eour.*.ry simply to conform with 'il liai of the state in which they Uppined to be. Scarcely a ship sailed ir?a ?n American port w.thout instr? uctor re.: .?ranee on ship or cargo Winj placed u th one or another of Mem torn pa r ? 1 S. Tran-port Insured by Germans P. *ti pointed out in The Tribune '?sit one of the transports, news of ?lote arrival la France was held up u ?'sihington lest Germany learn what *U joing on, was insured with a Ger Bts company. Moreover, this trans? cris, ran aground be ?tiTt Uaviag Amertcaa waters. P.epre ?eatative? urar.ee company ?**? ?mor;? th? * rft to board her, and, lace of their still legitimate --?.???, were permitted to browse BtiOB. "'- the terras of the President's ?aaamajatlea this source of informa '- he blocked at once. Except '??the ease al \es>els now at sea, pay *"***??? ?n *?*..?? ?? contracts is suspended ".-*-? - If the in?urance is of the voyage, it con latll the vessel reaches mdmUaal on; f it la for a period of ?? ?*-. days after ?Misiuance of the proclamation. . rand?, of the aiien companiei are to kl the insur >irious states -a which the main offices ->f the con ???a? ?r? leeet? i may make. -. < step taken to f military value ????in re?- . ? putf, and is la? ' what might " '? ? ? ?- ?de spy |fl* *?? hut i check the ship ?nt of geld .,, -.. ... Amarina and ****?" ?eutral eountriei foi Genaaa ac '???? '?Me? Still (?pen lo Alien? ^? Mme has yet beea aaade tow?rd ??**'''???? | ige? to the a< a -or... th? hotbeds ? . ?nd mails ' "" ? - orship except as ??*?? r.ew?pap?-rr, that may he car ?** '?'' .ments into dry ?* earned ata sffael al ?he ftaai -J* *-: Il to put out of ?S**-** '" .' t*? war the ? ?I en writing ln ?1., * ?a-their aw t la thia **?*"j**T through branches ?nd a (aJ**'''*'1' '' companiei doing a ?. iitum ...... ,... ' al then? '* ?? Com I ? ?| the - -ry In J\' ' ?? ? ?. than ??T? ' ' emS aaceaitu MM that uni : they had ?-? ' mrLV,'''"' "*""' *?**?y could1 i?,!.' ? d ? Their r.a.on for '. prepara Tha. ' " ** ' " '*<"'ry Oa* 7JS " ' ? ?* f ? o.id naeiB al ?Ml*..,, ,;*,'?''*-?"" -*?** r.enon "re,?' . ?a* ?g ? re.,,* ?. O? ? ' mn? ***** bato ateod, th? Amtncan Proclamation of The President on German Insurance WHEREAS, certain insurance companies, incorporated un? der the laws of the German Empire? have been admitted to trans? act the business of marine and war risk insurance in various state? of the I'nited States, by means of sepa? rate Cnited States branches estab 1 i?hod pursuant to the law of such states, and are now engaged in such bnaineee under th.* luperviaion of the insurance department! thereof, with assets in the I'nited States deposited with insurance departments or in the hands of resident trustees, citi? zens of the I'nited Static, for the protection of all policyholders in the I'nited States; And whereas, the nature of marine and war risk insurance is such that those conducting it muet of neCOB? sity be in touch with the movements of ships and cargoes, and it has been considered by the government of great importance that this informa? tion should not be obtained by alien cnemit.? ; Now, therefore, 1, Wnniirow Wil? son, President of the I'nited State? of America, by virtue of the powers vested in me as such, hereby declare and proclaim that such branch estab? lishments of German insurance com? panies now engaged in the transac? tion of business in the I'nited States pursuant to the laws of the several states are hereby prohibited from continuing the transaction of the business of marine and war risk in? surance either as direct insurer or reinsurers; and all individuals, firms and insurance companies incorporat? ed under the laws of any of the ?tates or territories of the United States, or of any foreign country, and established pursuant to th?? laws at such states and now engaged in the I'nited States in the business of ma? rine and war risk insurance either as direct insurers or reinsurers are hereby prohibited from reinsuring with companies incorporated under the laws of the German Fmpirc, no matter "vlicre located; and all per? sons in the United States are pro? hibited from insuring against ma? rine or war risks with insurance companies incorporated under the laws of the German Empire or with individuals, firms and insurance com panier, incorporated under the laws of any of the states or territories of the I'nited States or of any foreign country and now engaged in the business of marine or war risk in? surance in the I'nited States which reiaaure business originating in the I'nited States with companies incor? porated under the law? of the Gar? man Kmpire, no matter where located. The foregoing prohibition shall extend and operate as to all existing contracts for insurance and reinsurance which are here? by suspend?.?) for the period of the war, except that they shall not operate to vitiate or pre? eut the in? surance or reinsurance of, and the payment or i?*ce:;.t of, pn-miums on insurance or reinsurance under exist? ing contract? on v?asela or interest at thi te of this proclamation, and such insurance or reinsurance, if for a voyage, shall continue in force until arrival at destination, and if ^ for time, until thirty days from the date of this proclamation, but if on a voyage at that time, until the arrival at destination. Nothing herein shall be construe?! to operate to prevent 'he payment or receipt of any premium or claim now due or which may become du?* on or in reapeet to inaurance or rein ?mi ran re.? not prohibited by this proc? lamation. That all funds of such German com panies now in the possession of their managers or agents, or which shall hereafter come into their poaaeaaion, 'hall be subject to such rules and reg ulat'oris concerning the payment and disposition thereof as shall be pre BCTlbed by the insurance supervising officials of the state in which th?* principal ol h eatablishmenl ? the United States is located; but in no event shall any funds belonging to or held for th?- benefit of such companies be transmitted oataida of the United States, nor be u?ed as the basis for the establishment, <?!ir*?ct 1 y or indirectly, of any credit within or outside of the United States t" or for the benefit or DM ol the enemy or any of his allies without the per m-ssion of thii goveramoat. insurance r?mpame*, with a few ex? ception?, hav not hesitated to continue buaineoa with the German reinsurance ???.rnpanie?, under Contract! long in ef? fect A notable exception lia? been the Home Insurance Company, which can eel led Ita contract with the Munich He ranee Company *??? weeks ago. The dangers ol insuring or reinsur? ing with German cimpaiiic* was first j pointed out by The Tribun-? a mon'h ago. It protested not i r.Iy editorially an?! in its news columns, but by tele? grams sent to members of the Cabinet. Mayor of Elizabeth Finally Accepts Mag Mravlag C'hanKrn Iront and Pledget Allr-Kian?-?** Mayor Victor Mravlag of Eliaabeth, N. J, ha? yielded to the clamor of public opinion and has accepfed the flag which was ptegoated to th?? city on the faartl of July. On that day UM Mayor rofaeed ta ?receive it because ttei allusion had been mad'- to the German OOOpI? la the pres'-ntatmn ad Majre-f received 'he emblem in Iba proeeae? el several thorn-arid per? II?- pledged hi? allegiance to it, Bad then concluded hi? remark?? by ".'rough I have folk, in other lands, I de hereby pledge rnyaelf body and ?oui to lappert the flag and nil that ?.i? for hi ?he preaea! struggle li which the country la engaged.'' NO TIME FOR POLITICS House Passes $640,000,000 Air Measure Bill Goes Through in Five Hours Without a Rollcal! Washington, July II. The War I>e , partment bill appropriating |640,000,00(l ' for construction of 22,000 aeroplane.? | was passed by the Bouau late to-day 1 without ?i rolleall, It was amended only in minor deaila. Amendments adopted included one by Representative I,enroot, of Wisconsin, ! limititifr the broad authorities granted the executive f?.r the present war emergency, an?! one by Representative Fitzgerald, New York, providing that enlisted men drafted for the aviation ; Cf.rps shall be within the same ages . 21 to 30 inclusive as apply in the gen? eral conscription law. The bill, carrying the greatOBl avia ? tion appropriation ever propored in ?Cangrena, an?! passed la less than five hours, evoked some criticism of legt?? ? lative method?, but no attack on the general purpose. lient and Fitzgerald Claah Chairman Dent of the Military Com? ' mittee. declaring debate might result in information leaking to Germany, I claahed with Mr. Pitagerald, chairman of tbe Appropriations Committee, who said Congre?? was handling public ? funds in a slipshod and illogical way and that if th?. war emergency, during i which the bill is specifically applicable, continues two years the appropriation fof such a period would violate the Constitution. Republican Leader Mann favored BC i tion without discussion, and other Re ! publicans criticised the Council of Na ! tional 1'cfcnco, the Senate and th. i Navy Department for publi-hed stale ' men?s regarding the aviation pro ? gramme and contracts foi submarines. Representative Kahn, Republican, of ' California, pointed to Cormany's SO? i creey as to its militar*, programme and Mid lhat neighboring nations knew nothing of her C-centimetre guns until thev battered down ?lie Belgian I fort?, or "f Cermany's deadly git*?-*. "But," be warned, "we seem to want 'a ?.-., te v-.?r Ba though W? were going an a hunting trip, with a braas band." Hill Lies No llrlails l ba hill, which newWoes to th?' Ben* i a'e, givea ne detulla, bul a f.iai par I of the aviation section pproi .ma':';' 110,000 iv und'-r-t..?id '.. be contemplated. Broad discretionary powers ar? vested In the President. The M in.???)1?.""?? appropriated ia not '? only f??r personnel an?! aircrafr, but ! for engines, ?euipment, guns, nrma , ment, ammunition, spare part*, l.ar and building-, operation of avia? ron itaUena, experimenta, creation, . (acquisition and dsvelopmenl of aircraft pUntl and factories, expense of ftg"nt?. . f?,i observation an?! investigation abroad and other necessary work. BCretary I'anicls announr?*d to-day ?nat he has under consideration the establishment of a governmenl fact.iry ff.r the manufacture of aircraft or , ,,. ? for aircraft H?? will explain the project '" ' halrman Padgett of the 11?.o??* Naval Committee Monday. If a i government punt Is built it will be comparatively small, repre?entmg p? r j hap? BOl more than a %lfibbjSbt In 1 ve.tmeot at ihe beginning, and will he operated largely to furnish accurat? data on cost of production. Ships First, Says Pollen, If America Is to Counl PressingQuestion Now Is Whether the Army Can Win the War Before the Navy Loses It, Declares Britain's Foremost Naval Critic i Arthur I'ollen is England'? dint ingnixhed nanil erit'tc. He Is aerrptrd in Europe an the fairest and moot protninent writer ?"? naval policy and the '.? ' interpreter of naval evento. He came to the study of the navy toith a,' tauipment few landsmen ever possessed, because, for fourteen yean previous to ihr un,-, he had been recognized as the pioneer of scientific naval gunnery, Mr. roll, ? ?a the inventor of moot, if not all. of the range finding devices now used '"/ the various fleets. This knowledge, of conree, .ras acquired only by long co?pt ration with natal officer*. >nul, the subject matter of this cooperation having been a moot essential element in tight it"/, it is natural that Mr. Pollen's insight into the war activities of the navy should hare been more parted and actual than those of writers whose knowledge it only theoretical. I - Ry ARTHUR H. POLLtN [Coirrich? ii!7 at Th. Tributs? I?-?*?*. '..?!'?"' H A VF. just hern ?-perilling a fort nipht in Waahingtoa, a city 4hat i?, I suppose, more repre itive of the United State to-day , than it hns ever been in its history. And it wa? very evident that the people from every state and district, no less than their representative! In 4'ongress ; and in the Senate, arc entirely Halted In . one great matter. There may have been grave differences of opinion as to | whether it was necessary, or even right, for the I'nited States to come into the war, but once in the demand became universal that the itape el participa? tion should be swift, worthy of Arneri . can courage an?l American resources ' and effective a? the earliest po? - Mi date. This Impreaaion gamed in Waal ton la confirmed by the registration of 10,000,000 men, candidates, so to speak, for the honor of fighting for their country. It is borne out by ac ' counts from every manufacturing di? trict of bu.-iness men unobtrusively, but v?:th singular unanimity, offering their plants for the service of the na? tion's arms. There may have been some uncertainty as to what was the best shipbuildlag policy; there is no uncer? tainty that a vigorou? shipbuild? ing policy is called for. A bill to control the consumption of food seems about to pass, though it ?een< |a be a superfluous me.vurc, so ; anxious does every cla-s appear to be | to achieve the bill's purpo?e by volun? tary effort. A prodigious proj-ramme of ?ero pUne construction is already sanc? tioned, and sanguine souls have al? ready envisaged a final blow being ?truck by America ircm the cloudi. I |i?tir hears, too, of railway rails and '. material being accumulated to remake ! the overburdened and uornout line? et , France and Russia. Beyond a doubt ' Ihe magnitude of the effort at under? taking and the general anxiety to see ? the effort through are quite beyond de? scription. Men at Front Must Be Secured Btrl it i? yet not clear whether B majority of people in the country realize that before America can inter? fere, on a scale that can possibly be de ? Ive, a condition precedent must be fulfilled. It is the most, elementary of all maxims in war that np fighting force ran do its work unless its com? munications are secure. Here and there a convoy may be lost, troops marching to the front may be routed. Caaualtiea incurred and prisoners taken. Small and occasional losses do not ??-??an that communications are cut, bu' there must exist substantial security Bad lubeteal al certainty that the men, with their equipment, their ordnance, th?'ir munitions, their commissariat, will reach the front to which they are Beat, For, if any uncertainty ex? ist?, it i? folly to send men forward until certainty la established. Can it be said that America's communica? tions with the Furopean field of war are reasonably ,-ecure to-day I Before we attempt an answer to this question another elementary truth of the situation must he faced. ("reat Britain, France, Italy and Russia are all four dependent upon oversea sup plica either for the sustenance of the population or for ?he upkeep of their Continued on Third Page Dr. Michaelis Succeeds Hollweg as Chancellor; Von Stein Quits Ministry Wind from Russia Is Shaking German Autocracy, British View ,-. People Awakening to Realization That Nation Cannot Win Military Decision, and Rulers Recognize Democratiza? tion Must Come Before Allies Will Discuss Peace R> ARTHl'R S. DRAPER ?p.? Cabta m Th. Tribun?! London. July 14. The German Kn pi?f is on the eve ?,f ???nie form ? democratization. From the best information, I can ge Matthias F.rzberger, leader of the Cat) ell? Centra party, started the move ? the instigation of Chancellor von Ret? mann-Hollwej-, and for these reason? First-The pressure of Emperr < harles for peace. Second -The awakening of the Cei man people to the fact that they coul not win a military ?lecision. Third The realization of the Gei nan rulers that the Allies could nc make peace on any satisfactory term ? to Germany until the country wa democratized. Fourth The desire to have the (??r man people believe that the ?mpetu ! foi a change came from within and nc a. the demand of the enemy. Zimmermann May Succeed Whether It II a genuine political re form or merely a "grandstand play will not be known until it is seen hov , far the reforms carry, says "The Na ; tion." "Meanwhile the revolt in th. Reichstag is taken seriously. Voi Rethmann-Hollweg'* fall may not be i good sign, for it was the Nstional Lib erais who chiefly desired his removal It is too soon to guess how deep th? modification of policy will result. "There were similar revolts in th< Puma, but the llohenzollcrns are i more adaptable and capable race thar the RomanotTs. The Crown Council it 1 a combination of the imperial ami Prussian ministries, which very rarelj meets. It has had two sessions with the Kaiser in the chair, and the Crown Prince summoned to Berlin for the second. This latter detail suggests : that the Kaiser is about to make per? manent constitutional concessions. For this he may wish to have the assent of his heir, and this is said to have been refused. "It is added that all the ministers of both governments have placed their resignations in the Chancellor's hands. However, Germany is taking a long and probably a decisive step toward par? lementa^ government. If she achieves it, it will also become a move toward pi ace." "The Manche?ter l.uardian" says:_ "The Kaiser, a? the King of Pru? has amended his Prussian rel'oim cree of 1M?.t April in tw? respects, new Praeaiaa 'ranrhise is to be ba on equality and reform, and is not w-ait indefinitely until after the w but to come into operation at the n election-?. These are improvements, 1 if anybody thinks they will 'dem ratize' Germany let him remember t things: The House of Beers will main to hamstring the radical lov chamber and the Kmg will remain I master of both. "There ???ill bo no parliamentary g< ernment In Prussia. The ministr ?ill continu.? to live and die by the a of the King, not by the ?trill of Pari ment. Th.* decision to appoint ropi tentative? of the four governmr parties in the Reichstag Secretaries State is not jot announced, but it h just as little to do with parliamenta government as the changes in the I'm -?'an franchise. Disappoints Real Liberals "That this skeleton of reform is pr foundly disappointing to the real I.i rrals of Germany may he gathered fro the bitter protest? of the 'Berlin Tageblatt,' which inaiata that it 'ca not make the slightest impression < Genaaay or abroad, nor bring amelior 'ion of the present situation, but on Increase the dissatisfactioa.' This ,? i just appreciation, and we believe it jalao correct. The July 'crisis' will I followed by many worse crises Th great wind from Ru?sia has begun t ?hake the trees of German quasi-dc potism." In Austria the same situation exist: tut it is even more confused and diff ' cult of analysis. Three yean of wa have brought the peoples back te fun ?lamentais. They are suspicious o promieos and they demand the whol . ?ruth. They are beginning to under ?tand the nature ?if the barriers whicl i block the way to peace, barriers greate ' even than the armies in Fraece. Rumii I and Macedonia, and they are slowlj 1 | ?ercing them. A famou? military critic and a well kno?vn statesman prophesied to me ?hi? week that peace would come this year. Neither ba?ed his forecast on a mili? tary drc:?ion. They see peace coming through a ?lemocratization of Europe. Perhaps they read the signs of the arigh'. Perhaps they are pre? mature, but none can dispute fha* th. revolutionary movement is growing rapidly, America in her -ir?t **u?h of military enthusiasm can hardly appreca'e the war weariness of Kurope. It should have a war commission on ?he icea? and miss no opportunity of studying the profound chang?? taking place daily. U-Boat Is Sunk By Naval Crew On U. S. School Fifht in the Mediterran Reported by Captain I Owners Here An Atlantic Tort. July 14. h I? ri?e was sunk by an American sch? which sailed from this port for a in Europe, according to advics toe* here to-day by the owners of the v? from its captain. The naval gun crew ahoard schooner was composed of six gum and a petty officer. It wa< believed by the owner? of veeael that the attack was made in Mediterranean, though no d<*'a:l? 0 ?aid to have been contained in the i patch from the captain announcing arrival at a European nort. The I sol, carrying a cargo ?f l.ono barr of rosin, sailed from this port ab? six weeks a?". m-?a U-Boat Sinks British Transport; 11 Missin London, July 14. The British tran port Armadale ha? b.en -^unk by a su marine, it Is officially announced. Tl 'a"*mer.t read-?: "The British transpor* Armada! with a i?mall numoer ef troops ? hoard, was torpedoed and sunk by a enemy submarin? in the Atlantic o June 27. S'\ sold.rr-. one passeng? and *four of the crew are missing, an it i? presumed were drowned." The Armadale was a merchan s'eamer of ?;,i5.t ton? gross, built r 1309. at Glasgow, and owned by th. Australmd Steamship ("ompany of Lor. don. ?She was 395 feet long, 51 fee 1 earn and *J7 feet d?pth. 58 Condemned to Death At Antwerp; 3 Siatera Shot London. July II. Th? "Echo it Beige" is (?uoted In a Central New dispatch from Amsterdam to the effect trat fifty-eight persons were con? demned to death at Antwerp and fifteen of them were sho' on July 5. Among them, the newspaper says, were three sisters. Russia Praised By Lloyd George For New Offensive British Premier Says Tri? umph in East Is a Great Blow for Freedom London. July 11 David I.lord George, ?he British Premier, to-day sent a telegram to Prince I.voff, Rus? sian Prime Minister, congratulating the Russian government and people on t*ne success of the Russian offensive. The tixt of the telegram read?: "Heartiest congratulations of the Rritish government on the succe?? of the Russian offensive. It is a splendid tribute to the practical wisdom and d?? termination of the Ru?sian govern? ment and people that only a few months after th?? revolution, whereby they won freedom for themselves, they should have ?truck so great a blow for the freedom of the world. "This news, coming a? it does in the last phase of the great battle against autocratic rule, has been of immense encouragement to u? all, for it shows that free Russia clearly sees there can be no !a?ting peace and no reconstruc? t-on of the world upon better lines until Serbia, Belgium and the othnr despoiled nations have been rescued from the b!a?t:ng tyranny of militan despotism, and until responsibility of governmenti to their peoples has been clearly established from or.e end of F.urope to the other. U. S. Soldiers Reach Their Camp at Front Men Go Into Training in Spite of Ordera for a Holiday Paris, July 11.?The vanguard el the Americar tr op?, who left on Thurs? day the seaport town where they have been encamped, arrived at their per? manent camp to-day. The men went into training immediately, notwith? standing the holiday order that had been issued by General Pershing. Major General Sibert, who will be in command at the camp, lunched with General Pershing after wat?hin<? the military spectacle? of the day here, the two officer? holding their final con? ferences before General Sibert's de? parture for the front General Per ahiog will follow him after a time. Veteran Prussian Reaction? ary Made Head of New Cabinet Hand of Crown Prince Seen in the Change Situation in Reichstag, Re? ported to Have Defied the Kaiser, Is Obscure London, July M. Pr Georg Michae? lis, formerly Prussian Inder Secretary of Finance and Food I'ommissioner, has succeeded Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg as Chhaeetler of the German Empire. The re?ii?n?tion ?of Pr. von Reth mann-Hollweg, it? acceptance by the Kai?er and 'he appointment of Dr. Michaelis are all ..fficially confirmed from Berlin. The message containing the news was circulated throuf-h the v?reles? stations by the German gov? ernment and picked up by the British Admiralty wireless. Pr. Michaelis is ? typical Prussian bureaucrat, now sixty year? old, who began his service with the government when he was eighteen and has served its interests faithfully since. He leaped into public notice during th?? war as the tirs? to five a public warn ing that Germany was in danger of starva' On the strength of his observation? at that time he was mude Prussian Food Commissioner to cooperate with von Batoeki, the Imperial Food Dic? tator. In his public statements he ha? been a "hold 01' '.. tho-bitter end" ad vocate and has urged the cons.'rvatn.i. of food for this purpose. Crown Prince Opposed iloll??eg The appointment of In Michaeln makes clearer the apparent opposition ? of th? Crown Princ? to von Bethmann | Hollweg as Wl-!1 ?a the effort Count Caeraig of Austria i? said to have made for th? retention of the former Chan? cellor Pr. Michaeli? is believed to be a reactionary, thoroughly amenable to the imperial fan It is a!?o annminced ??fficially from Berlin 'ha' '-.'?-rial von Stein, the Prussian M.r ltd af V. .. na? resigned. The Prussian V. . operates for the empir. also laeuti-nant Ger ?ral von Stela il -i pan ?.eimaai?', and BS Sach ?m opposed by the Sanaa "Vorwaerts" last month accused h?m of ai'ling in the circulation of a pan ?.erman pamphlet opposing peace *' forts. A' the beginning of th* war he was ?a oommar. I of 'he Pru -?a,,?! BOM forcea, and aNo served as quarterma? ter general Before his appointment a? Pnuaiea *>Vai lliniater last October ba held an'ac'ive command on the Somme fron'. Peace Is?ue Obscured In the confusion of resignations and new appointment? an?l the discus? in of a real parliamentary system for the empire !???? ha-? been ''card of the peace issue, which wa' so prominent at the beginning of the cr?ala According to a dispatch from Berlin to the "Ber lin?ke Tidende." the new peace tof. mula pu* forward bv the Liberals is being supported by .1 jrr.-at part of the Centrist, or Catholic, party All par ties have summoned their members to Berlin as soon ns po??ib!e The resignation of the Chancellor 1-i.mt in the end quit? unexpectedly, for Dr. von Bethmann-Holl-eg, m the pr?. Lcnged party discussions and heated debates of the main committee of the Reichstag, which have been proceeding nil through the week, seemed to have triumphed o\?-r h.s opponents, who have been clamoring for his head, by making foncessions which were tantamount to the formation of a kind of imperial coalition ministry. Offered 1 ompromise At the same time, the Chancellor, by the declaration that Germany was de? fensively righting for the freedom of her territorial possession?, evolved a formula that seemed satisfactory to bcth those who clamored for peace by Sgroeaaeat and tho-ie who demanded re? pudiation of the formula "no annexa? tions and no indemnities." In all tnu Dr. von Bethmann-Holl WOg was strongly backed by the Em? pelar 1 ne advent of the Crown Prince upon the scene summoned by hi? imperial father to share the deliberations aTecting the future of the dynast;, ?<emi to hava changed entirely the position with regard to the imperial Chancellor. The Crown Prirce at once took a leading part in the d?? ?ussions with the party leader?, at- I ancient hostility toward Dr. von Bethmann-Hollweg. coupled with his notorious dislike for political reform, undoubtedly precipitated the Chancel? lor's resignation. Poor Chance for Reforma The fact that Field Marshal von Hin denburg, chief of staff, and General ; von Ludendorff, first quartermaater general, have been nio^t prominent '. throughout these discussion? and that ! a section of the press has been clamor i ing for a joint dictatorship by then? ' hardly augurs well for the realiiatien ! of the Prussian franchi?e reform, 1 which the Emperor has just decreed, I or for the movement toward a diminu ' tion of Oermany's war aims, and there ? fore toward peace, upon which th? Aus | tnsn Emperor hss b??n doing his uv?