Newspaper Page Text
?ritish Shipyard Rushes Work
On Huge New-Type Submarines crican Dc\ *os and Machinery a Big Help to Vickers ??fldert?Divine: Fichier*-* Often Lie Off German Ports Twenty-four Hours at a Time Bv ARTHUR S. DRAPER Maff ? * j.,-?. ?? Al il P ?? a :? ' d yards *f* -aw a long. 5 .*-*<?'?,'-?' a. vrt-r'.J tike ore of the grain ? Jv cW ,. ,; Lakes; in ?""V - iw a model jL?ad?f??> boat b'-:ilt i:1 the snm0 *j ? ir-? year? looked '.. *?'??/? gina to ap Ltatf the d irt span o? Si?a*amf itnrtad. The latest type narine is a credit to lamaMrt M rer" ^G*nr.sr.y hi '4*?, W '- ' remains a i?'."?' fromt'**- '" ' * war -*v?'ry ?i?f tSOOttt ""?' ro submarines has y-atnve:^- "*,c"*'- For * tinie i's that had th? Admiralty wm';>. t*M ' " r.ames of ?i? jMr' laal ? -. Much i ration de ?,"? taalojt i I submarines, ... ..??r has there been any official ? - ? . r**ption. Col ??nis-vl eohimni ' iva been pa dm*. *-**??* ?7'-:*'"-*-s ?f ?****?? L"-boats, but ?uelf il there a line printed about a-Ms) fjbmarir.es. Ir.sBn*- Navy has been shrouded ? in iff' more jealously guarded from ... an that i*bs sabmai ? is a surprise weapon. - imple iist, the inbn srin? depends upon the drae-it o. it? ' *? thai secrecy flitli ?* *er? Its m< ?? ? * n1 - ?* sea be? rta ?'. thi i ' ' '???"??'I i* I?iei under ilifd fuarded by armed soldiers. The iritcip-? -r,r': which the submarine ???riie!' b biewn to a'.l naval con MUsaB, but every - - some ??ircTeir.-?* ' ? the complicated ?*? ng the Mnatafl arine. ht i?*"! if I **as permitted to c ;:tit job "ou. i be rrore difBenlt than ??.*'.1r; tag? I e wheels and ipnr*j K a clock. Batteries and ?Bis, ?skteli ar.d levers, sneaking Otas isr}** are s?. mixed sjtbit ill s a feeling it su step] ? room of u ?-ttT?tocked hardware t?St \ I *e that ' lurythiaa; ?*? * cortain function to pirform, %%i that the i*r,et< ferai a harmonious whole. It tnkmOttM?sble ? ? ? -'.e hull ?fiiB?2inr'. and ? -ocon irrst*: lid fasta I "vitals." Flrlr-ers Yard Is Busy Tran we-e building submarines hm Brit h and Japa-.e?e ravies kSR tie war. In the last three Holte product of their yards in najft ?r ices their pre-war ?tit ? ? le. To-dav ft?? in r .-?: ?? .*' ' mirai Jellicoe had Ad ???! C.-' ' If the Vick ? two were n Bremen, instead f.f ua?w, Um new British Pood Con ' ?? i ive a whole lot more " ??*- Some of their boa's it? -*l rF .. . ?.?cep! a cl tp g destroyer, er even a light n i*-. IWn ?- . rnericans who per rr... . ? y and t*Vm? gr?*..- around ???ntr si t tl tv*. Ar-.?:. (he war. ?"**. ?'*?? ' great tttM - < ? such ? ;*'* * on o* "IT'*- ' ' : and Glori at one '? *''?"* * - I thet to an engine **i fed m.?* this: ' '* " * i machine?! The ,**,? '"" tfiea. Sa busy over r*rt ?. -.. ?, . motl i . *?*?*?*'.?? 5*.? ?hose 9* T-. - ~an trpe. Strong ?i ?:*?"-'. ?* ,? r them in ?* *??** : Where are we plater?? Amerles ?? j*eopi? '?--.?' rs * lots of moner ? ?? ';?? ' ' know what w* Crew? Number Fifty Men i/1*** *"-.*? s to the ram 5,eJ ? -?- ? * have built ^*^,-* '?' ' ?rar * or ?*an LaP "' ?? ? ' CPti *T? ' me idea of f''*1*' ,"'7' that it takes r* " '? to r in or. M '' ? '* zf.y'"' ' ? ?. ' " ? Hook *?*-> r? ' Ik-Mr v" ''''" g." has a ??????rrir ? 3/' * ?a boat -r??? ??. ? ??.'. ."'* **o ???if M aa?'.#*.-' ? ?T'*?r I?, t-. . Pr?*-W-,r Boote Pygmiee U*\'. ' n ?i** ^.,* b-' The ?fti"* y*" ta tyre nit .;* '" ar?t i* ' -velop ***s u ' "? h** ***i,..'k "'!* ' HV?b?! '' '*?' " *?"*' m th? ** wV r "* ' ' ** ?' uarine nuij U * ""' 4' "''?' '* *r*'r r*? Isa, ,, , --??"???'???-?>, ar.rj rnr ig',''; '???'? ?? from m Bt?ty.*.*? er.w, .'? . . .' ".*,?,. "-.' '* ? ?? ta th? sveragi ? ?*-?-?. ??? :. ,?.,. . , U*nVt ' ?f rr*w* ??? '??* BShrt?.'.1!? gffi.tL'i'Y " ?' "'"': '*' '? ? *?' l^tlC ?. I **'*"''l un '!?( *r-' * ** ? r?a?ired in July, 1014. that the submarine woul be a major weapon in ?17. The pos Sibil-ties of the submarine have ex ceeded the expectations of every one ' * ** ' ' ??til Bear the end ?f th campaign that Germany decide to concentrate on the building of sub meraiblee and to use them as her chie offensive weapon. Just as aeroplane? ..- e made this primarily a war of po which armies take t trenches instead of lighting in th submarine has revolutionize, ihting, making it nec?*s?ar?- fo and super-dreadnoughts to ?tick close to their bases and awai* "?1er Tag." There hare boon Rght? between sub? mersibles, but some day there || goin< to be a real tussle between two of the I ..' *s of the British and German navies. That fight will be more thrill? ing and spectacular than anything this war has produced It will be a fight to the death. Big Guns Cost $""?0,000 Each From submarines to fi-lnch howit? zers and 12-inch naval guns is a far cry. but it is only n short walk from ibmaiine sheds to the gun mount ,- ?hops in the Vickers plant. A gun. costing $.*>0.fn10 and firing twenty miles, is nothing out of the ordinary when resting on the floor of a gun , mounting shop alongside of several others? but if it rested in the turret of a battleship oif Sandy Hook and was pointed at New York City it would be something else again. They are building that type of guns at Vickers as well as lR-pounders. the British equivalent to the French "7"?." The lS-pounder, as it is turned out, has all the features of the "75." That is a direct result of the Grand Alliance. in which interests are pooled in the c-.mrr.on cause. For yea-rs the secrets ' ? "7.-?" were carefully guarded by the French, but now they are shared with the British. The long-barrelled naval gun has grown more popular in France in the eighteen months. Ordnance ex? torts are constantly experimenting in er erTort to get a weapon which will ge the enemy and still be ac c .rate. Thus, the short-barrelled howitaer is being superseded by a more graceful looking weapon, whose elon-j barrel gives it an additional range ?f several thousand yarda, It is common knowledge that under present fighting conditions the depth of an ad-' v?.r.ce la limited by the rangt? of the ' heavy artillery, and that after the first? push there is an inevitable halt while' is are being brought up. Even ai thousand yards' advantage over the ! etiemy's gun range is of incalculable That is what the ordnance ex? perts are striving after. Plant Constantly Growing At Vickers's plants here the 35,01*"* men and women employed are making big and little guns, gas shells, shrapnel ' shells, 18-pounder shells and giant . ow tser projectiles, lubmarines and ' standardized ships and a hundred and cne other things which the god of war demands and eats up with an appar ' ently insatiable appetite. The plant is : . constantly growing, the output is eon itai tly increasing and still the cry is for "Morel More! More!" It is a pri- . ! vate riant and laid with an eye to the | I future?the dim, distant future time ' , when the god of war will have become ??ted. Then it will be quickly turned over to supply the demands o? peace. - ? Germans Figuring On War Indemnity To Be Paid by U. S. Must Cut Financial Artery To Prevent Second Conflict, Says One Writer '' ?nref.-^r-Ae- -e re! The A? I'??-'! M-?a P"*??? Berne, Switzerland, July 2.?One of the popular war time occupations of ( conservative and Pan-German newspa? pers throughout the German Empire, as ?hown by advices received here, is . to speculate on the 6ize of the indem whi?fih Germany is expected to ob ? tain from the Entente Allies and to ' impress upon their readers again and ! again why enormous indemnities are going to b? an absolute necessity. The I entry of the United States Into the war has given Impetus to such discus I ?. because that country is so obvl- | OUBly able to pay a pretty price. Leinsic "Neueste Nachrichten" ? ' is the latest paper to take the matter up. A recent article In that paper by Ptofesaof Krueckmann. of Muenster, . I more significant since the jour? nal is considered the personal organ of' ?rrnan Crown Frinc* and fre .? j --hushes things directly in- j ?pired by him. I'rofe??'.r Kruecknann, In the course I mas and a half, presents a . ruTib<r e.f arguments why Germany ? ? have* an indemnity. The primary : he argues, is that one of Fng- ' first arm after the war probably will be to cor .struct the famous tunnel g Dover and Calais, which, says will make Germany's sub- ; ? i ealoeless and which will there^ fere place Cermaay at the meras ol ? i m the second war which is to follOW the Jire'Cllt struggle. ?ays the writer, need not , t Cl --any to win tho war, ' ? . .on win it decisively, hut by ? ng i ? wi?h a "draw" will have the upper hand for all time unless Ger- ; -;,;. obtain an Indemnity and , -,- strengthen itself at the same ??ne that It weakens England and B. Hi? argumeat In support of. tentioi i that If the war coats , .. my and England 120.000,., ? . ? ?i more, it will leave Ger? mw v badly ?rtwpled, while Eagiand, even though she has spent a like amount, will have behind her the I ?? of Ameno?. . German people, he continues, , , -. to H?y not te r?alisa that sngth of th*. war and the haga n of An.ertca have created an entirely new situation. American cap , irge l ''?nt will become or | . | when peace, Is declare?! therefore lump ?t ?ny possibility. , g, ..... f m th English capit?! ? ? ,-? ? on with o?. "If we dB Bat vr-nVen OMI opponents 1 by Cutting ? financial artery, then, after Of ?he llover" air.!*? , we go, weakened, Into a second ?,, sndei ?norm? a or? ui laver? military eond I ?.id?, ?nd ??rider ?/?Btly *tr< '"*>' eat ditions . ,|e hither 'b'- '?er ... battlefield and .., thll wii lot nothing, or It dies of seif ?'?rmumplion.' Map showinc* proportion of those rer^stering (aliens exrepted) whose cards indicate exemption. The state." with the largest "indicated exemptions" are the darkest. ''Pacifist' Northwest Leads Whole Nation in Small Number Claiming Draft Exemption Southern States Show Highest Proportion Offering Reasons for Avoiding Service ? Great Variations Shown Among States in Percentage of Population Registering ? Complete Figures Published for First Time The young men of the United Stat responded to the call for registrati for the draft which will be made tV week in very different fashion in d ferent parts of the country, accordii to complete reports which have final been made to Trovost General Crowdc and which The Tribune publishes th morning for the first time. There was a great variation, both I the. percentage of the population thi registered In the various states ar in the proportion which wrote eaus? for ? ?temption on their registratir cards. The fact that the majority e states, where the number registerin was low in proportion to the total poj ulation shows also a high proportio indicating exemption is so strikin as to suggest that sonr?e indication a to the attitude of the people of the vs rous states toward the war may b learned from the figures. In the accompanying table the popu lation given for the states is that base, on the Census Bureau calculations a of January 1, 1017. These calculation have often been found to be inexact but they furnish the best basis avail able for comparisons. Nation's Average 9.4 Per Cent The average registration for the country as a whole Is found to hav? been 94 per cent. Taking this as t dead line, it will be noticed that everj Southern Ftate comes below the line Of these, Texas stands best, with 9 ns, while Mississippi Is at the bottom, with 7.21. The State of Washington makes the very worst showing, only 6.91 per ce-nt of its population having registered, in spite of the fact that it is supposed to be a young man's state. i This figure is eo out of keeping with the general belief as to the state's ' attitude that it is being claimed that it indicates sn Eastward migration of 1 its young men. Oregon also 6tands low on the list?7.37?but California is above the average, with 9.97, and Montana, 1R.93, leads the nation, and Idaho, Wyoming, Nevada and Utah are all red letter states. New York ?.tend? fairly hirrh In the I list, at 10.10, and New Jersey beats i with 10.16. It is curious that seven 1 of the New Englan 1 states, which, i will bo shown later, rank high in tl i proportion which have sought no ej | emption, should rank low in the pei ; centage registering. Here, at leas I there seems no doubt about the em: j gration of the young men. Tho matter of the proportion whos ' cards "indicate" exemption, to use th ' War Department's language, is eve I more informing. In all calculation 1 regarding it all aliens not liable t service, ere excluded. There are a fe*J '? general allowances which must b made?since munitions workers wer asked to indicate that fact, the indus | trial states in g?rerai show a highe i percentage of "indicated exempt" that do others. In general, too, the Soutl ' and West marry earlier than the Eas ! and North, and this fact should be se off against the very high pereentsg? which the South shows. Effect of Negro Element The question of bow much general ' percentages have been nffec-ed by negro \ population of various states is hard to determine. A glnnre at the accompany in?*; map will show that the highest per cer.'.-iRes Fhown are in Dixie, and this ; would seem to indicate 'hit ?he negro , factor was a heavy one. This theory is supported by the fact that while for ? the whites the percentage indicating exemption is 60.1S, for th? n?frr<.<>-. ?? ; Is 70.19. But in several Southern ' states the figures for the whites alone come very close to those for the totals, showing that after all dun allowance has been mad*, fot the r.og-ro drag, the \ white South has elaime?l a far higher percentage of exemption than the North, even the industrial states. To consider only two of the Southern ! states: In Alabama the peeentag? of j all men seeking exemption Is fl?". ?4, : while that of the whites alone is (59.94, | a hipher figure. In South Carolina the | general figure is MM, while, that for1 the whites alone i-i fifi.R?, only a frac | tion lower. As the map shows, the South Indi cafes the largest exemption, while 0 Northwest?the home of the pacifist indicates the lowest. The nation; average 11 (LSI per cent. Tho Soul runs far above this, except Texas an Louisiana. Arkansas heads the lii with a percentage of 69.64, and of a the ?Southern states, which, it will fc remembered, also gave a low prenoi tional registration, Virginia is the low est, and its figure Is HJlt. The figure for K'-ntucky have not yet reachc Washington. As soon as Mason ?nd Dixon's line I crossed ?he percentage of indicate e-xemi'ion? drop?. Maryland is helo? the average with 60.04. Pennsylvani is down to b*M. In the highly indus trial states of New York, New Jerse and Connecticut the percentage i. again to just about the Rverage, whil in New England, as was to be expecter it apain falls below the average. Ver mont stars wi'h 7i4**1. Ohio'? Elfturei 1'ivullar Ohio and Indiana seem to presen Bomething ***eealiar, Their pereenl . ? are high?'.3.2'? and 63.11 roapoetivoly They can c'a m neither an Inda population greater than that of the Ma I'oanl states nor a heavy negro popula tion to help them out. Porhai anti-con?cription and paeifl ' which la? been carried on there ha? hail a deeper etTect than in the Middli *lVeatorn ?States from which there ha? been more noise. Michigan, in spite of its Innre popu? lation of German birth, conies below the average with 60.97. FrotB there a" ' the perren'atre drops foal W:I eonsin, home of the hyphen, stands at 54.46 Iowa, Kanaaa, Minneeota, No braaha and the Dakotoa, which have heen eonaidared the tronghold of pacifism, are til ITtll below 'he averaee in seekintr to BB? ape service. Except for two States, thi? co; eoi ' nues clear to the Coaat, v makes the best showing for the nation, only 2a.R4 pet cen* of her registi il clsiming exemption. California, an? other pacifist state, is down te 55 9.-, The two exceptions are Washington and I'tah. The Mormon state rank? with the Sou'h, 66.0-6 per eent having ind:ea*?d cause for avoiding M In Washington, one of the <?ta*e= i a very low proportion of the aetimat? ! population rtgistered, the per cent claiming exemption rises to 63J9 - about the same as in Ohio and Indiana Complete Figures on Draft Registration by States Ptrerai Ptretnl Population Totnl Indicted Indicated claiming of pop. Jan 1 '17 rooia'tlon. OXenpt eligible. A?-n?. Enemies ??mpi'ii. reg?? d. ./".:?,*, . 2,348*273 179.829 120.478 58.058 1.173 89 66.24 7.65 J 'V Aja'. 259.666 36.932 12248 7.830 14.652 193 IMS 14.28 ??LfKfAfl. ... ? 1.753.053 147.522 99.196 47.662 566 98 69.54 8.-11 ARKANSAS . ? 126 576 09.544 67.461 3.948 55.9*3 9.97 CALIFORNIA . WM*? ?f- 'jjg* 289f)8 fo 372 606, M1 'r'Ivrr?.rt'T.* 1 ' 159.7 61490 38.626 58,519 1.126 11.42 CONNECTICUT . ?u?7Q 21864 11.651 7,235 2.883 92 HM 1020 DEIaAWABI. 214.270 2W . DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 366.631 3?. 327 1783 ^ ^ ^ ^ ( ^ *^NDA. 2 875-?3 231.418 157.497 72.577 1.224 120 68.45 8.07 GEORGIA . lili, 41150 21.982 15.124 3.883 181 59,24 9 12 IDAHO . 6 193626 672 493 333.673 237.619 95.145 6.051 58.40 10.35 ILLINOIS. 2826154 255*140 151.689 88.656 13.651 1.141 63.11 9.02 INDIANA . 2 224*771 ->16*59* 118549 9SJ9M 11.788 1.862 59.10 1.73 ?OWA ..'.'.*.".'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.' 1*840*707 146^686 85.951 53.'-66 6.358 911 6107 797 KAN SA. 2*386 866 187 573 ' ' ' 7.?? KENTUCKY. iWo*2 157827 93,553 61.152 2.966 216 60.17 8 56 LOUISIANA .774*914 60*176 29.392 20.621 10.043 '20 58.76 7.76 MAINE . 1368*240 120*458 66.7-18 44,411 7.387 912 60 04 8 80 MARYLAND . l'io?kiW -159 323 147 607 103.194 106.014 1.508 58.87 9.59 MASSACHUSETTS . ?oJ?So 372872 183.270 117.299 69.252 3.021 60.9/ 12.12 MICHIGAN . opQfi't*?? i 2^1747 109.385 85.760 21.599 1.971 56.01 9 05 MINNESOTA . 1964122 139525 96.634 42.379 567 45 69M 721 MISSISSIPPI . *V4?o'l43 299825 181211 106.614 10.992 1.008 62.96 8.76 MISSOURI . 466*214 88*273 37.335 38.461 11.790 687 48.20 18.93 MONTANA . 127/7B0 118*123 64.596 47.327 5,04-1 1.156 52.73 9.2-1 NEBRASKA . 108*736 11*894 4,167 3.897 3,670 87 28.84 10.91 NEVADA . 44t'467 37*612 15,993 12.063 9.502 29 57.04 8.49 NEW HAMPSHIRE. omi'im 30*>*74*? 1381.9 63.295 77,372 4.957 62.38 10.16 NEW JERSEY. ?ib'm? 32202 17.685 10.C88 4,32-t 108 63.68 '.72 NEW MEXICO. 10 lfifi7A8 1087596 476.498 306.635 233.906 30.807 6084 10.10 NEW YORE?.;-;. \*f*aM9 200 0V 133.611 65.785 560 73 67.51 827 NORTH CAROLINA. ?S'-W 65 007 29.963 27.224 7.205 615 52.41 7.97 NORTHDAKOTA. * inrS 565384 301.733 175.054 82.408 6.189 63.28 10.9 OHIO . 2?68 169211 110.417 56.628 2.017 219 66.35 7M f.KI.AHOMA . R48866 62618 32,944 22.966 6.131 577 58.92 OREGON ?- .;;. ??ftg tSSS 396.654 246.281 174,698 .1474 58.50 J.60 PENNSYLVANIA . *XSo 53458 22.149 16.140 15,043 126 57.33 8.62 RHODE ISLAND . Jg-Jg ?g a??-,,?, 42.158 447 58 6636 7..0 SOUTH CAROLINA. To77W 58014 29292 25.632 2.606 481 =3.33 MB SOUTH DAKOTA. 2^96315 187.511 126.322 60.174 1.030 85 VJt JJJ TENNESSEE . 147* m 408 702 229.775 151.061 26.029 1.314 60.3- 9.03 . '?BW 41 ??2 22.:66 H.SI7 7.1? 344 6606 9.65 UTAH . S5'32' 27658 13.234 10.855 3,<*87 72 5j S 1308 VERMONT . jJSJg 1818M 1,5,931 63,138 2.575 17? ?.,3 t? VIRGINIA . 7??'om 10P33?1 57 841 33 397 16.001 791 ?r39 6.9. wSqton. ISIS S?? SS sjg ?S? ?fij ?2 l?\ WEST VIRGINIA. J*n758 240 170 118.17? ^-^ 23.121 5.588 5-.. 6 9M W!.m..N;IN . ???; ^ggj \%8 9.698 9.278 3.353 329 51.11 12 53 1K826 3M 9.663.078 4.981.430 3.114.834 1239.259 111,760 61.53 9.40 TOTALS . ' ' Legionnaire Says France Lacks Men To Hold Out Long Wounded American Con? firms Assertions of Trib? une Correspondent Regiments Wiped Out Only 3,000 of 70,000 Enlisted in Foreign Legion Still Survive A view from the French trenches ai ? to the terrific losses wh'ch the army i has suffered was given to The Tribune terday by s -??* Amerl c:m who has served over two yuan in Foreign Legion, and Is now eoava? ? v are from a dangerous wound. This Legionnaire fully indorses the as ? ras Of Mr. Fred H. Pitney, The , Tribune's correspondent, that France has b?"-n bled white. He served with the Legion in the 1 5'h Company of tho 1st Regiment, saw ' ,-.? ;*i the Mctors directly north of ! Compi??gne, in the vicinity of Flaln court and Ro??on?-"i' '? took ? ick on the Somme. He '??.nd mnny opportunities of raining la? ,??]. v I '. bile in i with offl? and men. -i?*?. the French do not publish casualty lists 'he t?.?k of provii - n ... -.* ? | | the Freneh army have b-eoa Is dlffleult,** he .?md, "hut ' ' know that ' "..\;. . mi to be of the opinion that Germany ii doom? ! to n the next year; that ?11 ?he Unit ! States has to ?lo is to ? few hundred thousand men m I Forward march,' drive throurrh to Rerun. Amor? rrong. A \\ bole Regiment Lost "I enlist. ?! In the Legion in Paris. i I reported I 'I yon? I L-iven the number 38,04)0. There was a second regiment ai large aa the bnfle in Champagne on September 27, 1915, but whi ? .rch"?! from Etal to the Sonim.? in July, 1010, there Were fewer than 4,000 men in i?. The two had been reorganised late one. "Taking Into consideration the fact that many Italians and Greeks were withdrawn and sent to the armies of their own country, I cannot believe were more than 10,004 ?- ? ' in this way. I am of the opinion that 70,000 men have enlisted In the Legion. To day 'here are loss than Bra ;U>? rest? "V.'hili' in the ho-r;*-il a? Val da Grace, in F.ir I, I me! BO sdjut int from fantry. H- had gone throu^- ??*? ttaeka at Verdun and was Ssnterre, en the Bommi . 1910 He told me that than two ? ? pi. ?! during 4 tack** and more thmi half in 'he second; ? ? ' ? ? - i. roiti men from the ola-? of 1910 -?rid 1017 be. fore the lecond attack, and ?hat they I ? ot been wil ? during either afaek, yet they ?; *n 1,000 men in each ' -, and had onlv been . day? ?he first time and ton the second, acting as r.-inf? iccnients. Joffre Calla Off Attack "Th?? day following my relesa? from ,I-" ? ? ?d din ? r wi?h ml of the French army. I ' .'ion with ' ofleera. The general told of the attack on the Somme and the ?"ham pagne. He snid that Joffre, after ? ? g the front in the beginning of .!?. ) ?r-.| learninj?* at what cost a few had beon taken, hur riid back to Par: ? and proposed that the attnek be called off. "He had calculated that ?fter the first two linei ? f ? r ? ? had been ?akeri, i? would be possible to continue to attack without advancing his ar? tillery sad making a four-day prepara? tion by tearing down barbed wire en tanglem?'nts and breaking ip troncho? ?ve? with artillery fire. In I he mad?? a mi -*nke. For as soon as th? two I?BOS had i'?*?-n taken it was - ?ry to wait four or rive while adequate artillery preparation aras made before advancing on the next iines. "What the French army has don? has be b glorious. Bat, ?lowed from I point of expediency and common BOUM, 1 believe thn? almo?? ?o a man the en I ri>nch army ?rill agre? that there have beon hundreds of thousand? of Boedli rested la attacks male flrithoul adequate artillery prep I in retaking territory that w.n? not worth it.? eoSt to human li'e l*se of Russian Troop? "The most paweiful srgameat thai can be used to suhetaatiate the con -. of Mr. Pitney and myself 1? the use of Russian troops on the West France Demands Victory As the Only Peace Basis Talk of German Revolution and Austrian Dis? affection Discounted as "Gat Bombs"?Govern? ment Grip Strangles Discussion of Futile Plans and Terms. By FRED B. PITNEY tCepjr.i'-it, 111*, by Th? Tn'.una) teOtMMMOml There is not now and never has b I in France any expectation of an ei j peace. There have been from time time beliefs in France that peace mi come w.th-.n a certain more or ! ; definite time, but the basis for th beliefs has always boon victory, o certain me I ? f, and t has always imp! months, least, of very hard fighting. In ot' words, the French idea of peace I always been based on the battlcfi? She has always suspected the so-cal peace talk. R?lions d'csai have hi , for her bait to a trap, not s gestions. The French have always appr?cia' that Germany mu?t be beaten in 4 field before there is any chance of r peace. They have believed from I ing that before there can peace Germany must, at the very lea i find herself on the verge of .?'ich a ? j eislve defeat that In order to pre?ei ! her own existence as an empire she ?* - he forced to make sincere peace offe That is a condition of which no o in France sees any evidence at t r resent time. The French are mu '.ess easily gulled than other nations rep?.rts of Gorman weakening. Stori of a possible German revolution, of Herman republic, are interesting spec i lntion, but they are no more than su | jeets for academic discussion, pleasa i topics for the dinner table. It is rcco | rized that as long as the prese Kaiser sits on the throne there is litt , possibility of a German revolution. His death, natural or violent, wou make a vast difference. For the Ge i man people would not follow tl i'rown Prince as they do the Kaise The Crown Prince is a joke for tl German comic papers, and the peop would be very likely to release hi from the necessity of reigning if tl Kaiser died with the war still In pro* n M, Then peace might follow a Ge ' man republic. Rut that is only anoth? interesting subject for discussion. Th various reports of the Kaiser's i health are discounted In France. Not Gulled by Stories of Austrian Disaffection Nor do the stories of Austrian dlsal 1 fection receive greater credence 1 , France. In short, France demand ?..methlng concrete before she will be ? lieve Germany Is ready to make a peae that would be possible for the Allies That she Is ready to make a Germai peace, yes; but that she is ready t< make an acceptable peace, no. For France doe.? not believe thai German'.- will he ready to make an ac? ceptable peace while the German troops i are in possession of the richest provinces of France, of Relgium, Serbia, Rumania and whole pr?.vinco? of Russia, while Germany possess??- or is overlord of a solid block from Ham burg gdad, 1 i ru is ne rea so:-, why she should make peace, ex? cept on her own terms. It is not logical id the French are th?? , most logical p-ople in th?*** world. II wo-iid be p.?ifectly lotficnl for Ger . many to try to discount the next two years and make to-day a peace ac-ep? l'or herself. Rut it would not. be i logical for her to discount now the last ! three years of almost unbroken Ger? man victory and make a peace accepta? ble to ? Tho rapidity with which all peace ? talk died out in France last winter, af'er the interchange of notes between i the Kaiser and President Wilson and ; President Wilson and the Allie* was re. markable. The cessation was so abrupt as to he uncanny. Thero was instan* recognition in Franco of Gfrman la? ity. There has been no resump I tlOB since. During the recent months j in which peace diseussiOBS have occu. * pied ?o larg" a p'nee in English and American newspaper?, while England and America have professed to see signs o-- Gorman weakening, of Anstrla .; away, of danger of a ep 1.? 00? '? tween Germany a*-i Auatrla, of inde pen donee in the new Austrian F'mperor, France has remained aient and gone about the business of making wnr. W" in r'rance of'en wondered what wa? wr-.ng in England and America. It seemed to us that in all this peace ?nlk the wish was fn'l-er to the th< e.nd w? wondered what was the fun?ls mental trouble ?hat would make peo? ple willing to ?a'.k of poa-o when the German armies were everywhere on foreign ?oil and the only enemy sol diera in Germany irera prisoners. There was nothing lojriest in expecting" the German army to knuckle under to ? .. 41] ? s - Germany had all the ? - ,-f th? arrumen! ut arms. Th? Prench people did aol talk ?bout pe?ce. The? talked aboal fighting; Th? ?lid - condition?? of peace. Thev ...nd when the next of fenalv? ? y he launched. France Ready for Peace, But Not on German Terma Doubtless, the attitude of the jroY ernment helps to account for the lack .*:' discussion in France of the probable ? ' r ace or the possibility of ? no doubt that th? . people would be very willing: to irrita and rewrite the p.-Rce treaty m?iiy times ?.ver Win*, ?ill win tb? ? th? or -,- ?uhject that i? more absorbinir than the prohahl? peace tions. Tho peepl? are interested and Hnxiou?. They wont to know when peace will come and under what condi I on? Most important, they want to knov how soon. Bat th? government has resolutely ropresoed all such discussion?. Discus? sion of the terms of BOBOS tri?-ht easily um into diaoaaaion el h?aw to gal those. :. nn? before the other fellow, and that nrtcht lead to an attempt to do it, and that mich' lead to ?in armistice, or something or thnt nature, ? it h the Ger? man araste? still in Franco. And if ?.nee til?- Aghting Stop? .' ?.Il in- a ter riblr? job to get, it starte 1 again, Peace discussion now BBight ?'-a.I to a OetOBOn peace mado with th? German armies holding Belgium and eight French prov? inces. All the peace in the world can he talked ?n Pianos after the Herman armies are driven over the border. Rut not now. Peace talk is muzr.led. In come direc? tions, the French people are more "ef? fectively" governed to-day than any other people in the world. This Is one of those directions. No subject can come under public discussion without the cons.-nt ot the gOsTOrMMBt, If once. it got itoftod 'l might easily go on ?nd - a momentum that would over? whelm the government, ?so the govern? ment cees that It never gets stOlta-?. If inything la printed in a French new? paper about peace, it is sure to ha something the government wants printed or considers innocuous. In gen? eral, it is what the government want.? printed, for thine? that seem innocuous ara often not, and the best rule i? to print only what is positively deeiruhla ami bar things that are on'y neeatively not undesirable. For example,theGerman communiques are not printed in the French papera, for the*.* generally contradict either wholly or in par? the French and Eng? ? eonaldered . lia that the French people should ? : unity to su*pi'.*t the Strict adherence to facts of their HU'lioriti^s. Oren?ionally the French papers are ?llowed to paraphrase p.-' oi' the German communiau?**! for pur? poses of comparison or ridicule, but that it all. Government Holds People in Chilled Steel Grip ? It is a governmental atti?ude *Tiat Is ridiculo, a but it * ? decision of the government, and in France the govern? ment is supreme, with a supremacy r ..ver surr.-. loin e.n.alled in the most absolute monarchy known to history. In the Mm? manner peace d??us? sions are smothered [p th? Chamber of Deput ' ' 'mmher 1? t'rf forum B. Actually, if any on- I the i ?uth, \ throw? - over his h?*H?l and carr:?*s h:m I ? is quit? a blor-k of Deputi? 1 be f-'.ad to start a d of pea?*e on the least ' ; ?r K"t ?he chance. M I - Bt of the Chamber, see- ? est valu?? is |n keepii ? I alist minoritaire.? in order Let one of them rise In his place and i"-r*hanel im Italy apnr.g? to Ms feet, ?nd all th? ??ma th? Socialist Deputy is try i'-g to ?peak Desehanel Is ?hauting ?t h m and ringing th?- b?*ll. From hi? vnntage porn* BOOT? the tribune D?M? Chanel rever foil? tfl g?*t lr a patriotic harangue and rai-e a pandemonium tha* drowna out the Boelalist. The government Is not y?t r?ady to discuss peace, and until It is ready the People might as well give up the idea. Ths forernment ?s reeolutely det-r mir H te light the war fn a d?>r.ni'e vic? tory on the battlefield. It keeps a very eloae watch 'n Germany, and '.t Is re. marknhle how minutely It la informed on events there. T'p to the present It has seen nothing to give it reason to credit any of Germany's fOfieua p?rs?*e r ?Tea with ?ny ???-tree of sincerity from the point of riew of ? peace ac? ceptable or pOSSil !" to ar.y ant exrept Girpiany, ?nd until it does there will be no open discussion of peace among the people of Frai -re, arle?? the gov? ernment I- ?.?*? arhal now appears to b? a chilled st.-el grip on *he people. ern front They were transported or shirs that were urgently r.eoded by both th? Rri?i?h and French for am? munition supplies and foodstonTa, ?" 'he Fre-ioh armv have been terrifie, and the ability of the French to hold on much longer Is doubtful. The fact, ?hat they will try to hold on i? undoubted. The only * be F rer.ch are thinking of at the I time i?, 'Can We hang on un*il America sends us sufficient reiaf "The ne?d for men in France 1? groh-e-r than the need even for food or ammunition, and the only ans-.? ?hat American troops rr?u?t ho ?ont to France before the poor remnant of her once powerful army finds it im? possible to hold any longer the ter? rain which it has wres'^d from the Germans at such terrific eos\" Japanese Shipping Pays 2,000 Per Cent Kcve, Japsn. July l*i. A s*r:k:ng ex? ample of the .T-ipnne.e fir'une? made in the war shipping busine?? is found , in the recent decision of the Chuyctsu Steamship Company to declare a d dend of 2,000 per cent. (Ine of the ?'earners <.f this company recently wa? SUnh by the 'iermans off the Spanish reupon the officials decided, rather than run further risks, to tal edvaatage of the high price and dispose ?' ?? remaining roes At liquidation each --hareholder who .had originally paid $J ,'nl for one rhare tech received $."00 a share. Several other Japano-e sh;pownor?. j preferring to profit by the :r ? xtraordir.ary demand, are selling their steamers and placing their capital in some Other BOI 41ne of Kobe'? r.ew shipping millionaire? rec?n*!> old a few steamer* at a profit of nearly $3,000,000. Bomb Reveals Prophecy Wrecks Religious Printery, Leaving Bible Motto on Wall London, July 15.- One of the build? ings wrecked in the recent aeroplano raid on London was a branch office of ? religious printing organization, which had Its ?how window filed with Illumi? nated mottoes sold for wall decoration. Th? shop and Its window wer? com? pletely wrecked, but one motto, pinned to ? pi!!?r which remained standing, stood out in striking prominence over the heap of du?t and debris. It bor? this verse from Mat?hew: "And ve shall hear of war* ?nd ru? mors of war?: see that ye he not troubled, for ail these things must com? . -, bal the ead is i ? >???* " Noah's Ark Bill to Help RestockMexicanFarms Mexico City. July la. A project re? cently wa-i submitted to Rafael Nieto, I'nd'r Secretary of Finance, which evolved a new Idee for the financial bet? terment of the poorer t^rncultural i lasses of Mexico. Among the ?mployes of the Depart? ment of Pinanee it 1? known as the Noah'? Ark bill. It propo?c* that the ?ment either give to each agri? cultural family, or aid each family to buy, two pige, two goat?, two rabbits, a hen und a r..u-*. t, I duck and a drake anil pairs of farmyard animals. The projet ' i tUe c?re r.nd <*\p?.n?e the nataaW?! increase of these Bn'mall would speedily drive the wolf from the doors of the Mexican agriculturists.