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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, July 19, 1917, Image 4

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Navy, Air, ?Labor
Problems Caused
British Shake-Up
Carson Forced Out of Ad?
miralty by Charge That I
He Lacked Initiative
Big Tasks for Churchill
Lloyd George Playing a Bold
Game; to Win Large Stakea
or Go Bankrupt
[By <"ab> t-> Th? Tribune)
London, July IS The Aral important |
reorganization of the? Lloyd (?eorge
governm? nt, which liai- now run the
w?r for seven months, brings varying
comment?, with only a few expressing
whole-hearted support.
The pre?s of the country, represent?
ing different ??hades of political opin- i
ion, makes it plain that it put? the |
minsters on trial. The Liberal organs
welcome the return of Churchill and j
Montagu, while the Tory newspapers
can see little, at the best, to justify
their appointment.
The Liberal journals call Carson's
r?gime in the Admiralty a failure and
his inclusion in the War Cabinet a mis?
take, while the Tory papers defend his
Admiralty record and praise Ma ?leva- ?
tion. Geddes is generally commended,
but he is given to understand that he '
is on trial. All of which shows- the
general .igreement of the rress that
the Premier was gui?ied by political
considerations as well as'individual fit?
ness in reorganizing the Cabinet.
But why does Lloyd George make i
'he changes? Addison leaves the Min- j
ist ry of Munition? oecauso labor re- '
fused t? cooperate with him In fact, j
(lemao-dtdriis removal. Churchill sup-j
|.?twits htm because of his great driving
power ?-??id betOtne the d? partment ,
need! ehrrgizing.
tintai Policy Criticised
Carson leaves the Admiralty because
the naval policy II under criticism and
? ??i th? ground that ha lack? initiative
and Inspiration. Geddes succeeds i'ar
BOB because of his push and go. Mon- i
tagu takes th? placa vacated by Cham- j
herlain following th? criticism of the
Maaopotnmia report. Montagu is a.
Liberal and ex-1'nder Secretary for i
India. Canon joins the war Cabinet'
becaus* of the absence of Henderson j
in Russia.
ll Britain has three great war '
problems the improvement of her air1
service, the utilization to the be.-t ?id
vantage of her naval strength and the
quieting of the unrest in the indus- ;
trial world. Churchill, as the Minis.
ter of Munitions, will be in B position
to increase the output of aeroplanes I
and an?:-aircraft gmIS, but his BIKCSsa
will depend almost entirely upon hi? .
ribility to solve the labor probien?. He
ha? as hi- cuide the report just ma.le
by the committee appointed to inves?
tigate the industrial unrest.
Whether the adoption of its reeom
BBSadationa will satisfy labor remains
to be .-?en. Churchill has never
shouldered n heavier responsibility in
his remarkaMs enreer. Lloyd G?org??
has trusted hii friend with a respon- >
sibilitv second only to his own. If
Churchill fails the Premier's embar?
rassment will he doubly great.
Lahor Tired of Old Parties
Labor has broken away from the old
parties. It no longer supports the
Liberals or the Conservatives. It Is
sick of ?he old party machines. Just
as the Sinn Feiner* are enemies of the
Nationalists and I'lsterites, so Labor
has deserted the Liberals and T? rie?.
Churchill is on trial with Labor, for
I*abor is not friendly toward Lloyd
Geddes's short public career began
two years ago and rival? Churchill's.
He wa? discovered by Lloyd George,
and thus far has had an unbroken
string of successes. There is a feel
lag that a Crisis in naval affairs is
rapidly approaching, and the new V | ?
Lord of 'he Admiralty will f.. ?
severe test.
The ?war Cabinet, composed of Lloyd
Georg??, Milner, Curzon, Smuts, Carson
\nd Barnes, contains three Tories, two
Lib?-rals ajid a Lahorit*. If Lloyd
George is considered as the chairmiri
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I then the preponderance of the Tory'
i view is plainly apparent. The political ?
aspect i? of interest only because there
- I sharp divergence of opinion on th?
war. Most Tories are placing little
! faith in a social democracy, however
strongly they support a constitutional
It is axiomatic that change is a sign
of weaknes?. For several weeks it lias
been apparent that the political ait?n?
tion here was In a state of fluidity.
The big question now is whether the
latei t change- will steady the govern?
ment and satisfy the cour try. Sin-e
he became Premier Lloyd (?eorge has
lost much of his prestige, but he is
still powertu!.
When Asquith quit he told his '
friends that he welcomed the relief '
from responsibility, that the war tsxeJ
a ?-tat-esman beyond the power of
human endurance and that the life Of
a lender In these times la absurdlyj
brief. ?ou
Asquith's policv, as also that of Beth- .
mann-Hollweg, was to get the rival
factions to agree on enough point* to
prevent a split with the others. Both
were part mn-ters in the art of ?<djs
tion. Lloyd George has played a bol?l
er game, but his policy puts a heavier;
penalty on failure. He wins large
Stakes or goes bankrupt.
II?- is no stronger or weaker per?
sonally than before he announced his
appointments, if the British pr?s-, is
any index of public opinion.
England's New Naval Hope
Major General and Vice-Admir
L'ric Geddes has been appointed
Lord of the Admiralty. A man p
with possibly two exceptions, to I
ablest in the British Empire has
given the mo't important war j
the world. This fact is describ?
the London correspondents as su
in?*, because the appointment ma
complete break with the traditio
the pai?t! Sir Erie, it seems, is :
politician- he is only a genius,
gentle cvnic who warned the wou
traveller to note with how little
dom the world was governed
hardly have found a better illustr
Of his text.
It is, indeed, an event that
founds. Great Britain has been at
for three years, fighting for
own life, fighting for the Br
tradition as embodied in its en
over seas: fighting for France, Ru
Italy; for the I'nited States; for
whole community of nations that s
for the general traditions of Chris
civilization. We have known from
first that if our sea power failed
war would, in all human prohahilit
lost; that if it was rightly used,
tory, final and complete, was ir
table. And yet, for three years, Is
fortnight, we have allowed the i
to be governed, in the correspond
phrase, on principles consecrated
tradition, and by a tradition der
wholly from the inexperi? nc<- of pr
Long before August, 1914, there
not exist a single person, conven
with the inner life of the navy
competent to judfze of its probable
efficiency, who ,\-,d not know that
Winston Churchill was already an
ject failure as First Lord of the
miralty. He was a failure of that n
dangerous type, the man who seems
know better. When he came fresh
the job in lf-11 his first announcem
of administrative policy seemed
prove that he had the intelligence
grasp the first and fundamental n
<->f the naval service, if ever it was
be prepared for war. He seemed
realize that war could only be made
righting, that ships could not fight i
less they were individually efficient, t
efficiency meant using their wrap?
according to the most scientific me
?? . .?'.(I that such methods could not
brought into being or, if in being,
adopted unless naval administrate
was inspired, actuated and guided
the nean-st approach to infallibility
every technical department that w
humanly obtainable.
Sought Creation
Of an Kxpert Staff
Such infallibility, he also seemed
see, could b? sought for only by t
creation of an expert staff, unprej
d.ced because impersonal in i's r
searches and conclusions. And he ?
tually published a memorandum th
promised the British Navy the prie
less benefit of a perfectly organr/a
brain power. We ware to have a w
staff that, by covering every aspect
preparation for war, would supply
guide that could hardly be mistak?
so far ;.s th?- expcrr-r.ee of the pa
could tea?*h, and so apt to learn I
to make the novel experiences "f Ott
itself the starting pemt of new ?d
partures, secure from the possibili'
O? gross errors, because made by rr,<
trained to the habit of logical dedii
tion and imaginative inference. Wh<
Mr. Churchill's memorandum of Nc
Year's Day, I'M2. was published, thoi
who for eight years had groaned Si
g.nled under the blighting h?
tYc miiter:-;l school tank f*?--h rou
Ott and new hi ailed the daw
?f a hope that seemed too dazzling fi
But their optimism was short live
The war staff, when created, was e
eluded from any concern with therigl
methods of using guns, torpedees i
mines agai"st the enemy, or of frustra
ing the enemv's attempts to use the
! against us. \t had even no coneei
with the tMtics or theory of cor
mar.ding fleets. It was to occupy itse
with stf*ffitegical plans alone. It wi
to build, that is to say, a fairy pala?
??f the imagination without thought f<
the foundation, which is weapons--?
of the material for the fabric --whir
ls men and ships aid machinery ar
the mystery of command.
The war staff, therefore, in fa<
! was literally without influence on in
' preparations. For a moment the e
I ponents of the materialist traditia
had trembled for their long monopol
Mr. Churchill, however, SOOH rea-- ar.
i them. His dream of unit efficienc
i seemed instantly to be forgotten. Ir
! stead, he took to week ending with th
fleet, to diving in submarines, to flyifl
I in aeroplanes, to watching battle pra?
I tise, to losing himself in all the w*or
' ?1er* of a modern navy. The Admirait
yacht, Eachantress, seamed at last t
have justified her seductive name. An
as the First Lord constituted himsel
! a kind of inspector general of th
j navy, so did he also come to art as it
I chief expert. In one of his HoQSC <>
Commons speeches he even told
itupeflM community that it was h
| himself who had decided upon buiblin
? an oil fuelled fleet, without having
native supply of oil, and upon th
! adoption of the 15-inch gun.
Winston Churchill
His Own War Staff
Those in the know had seen, o
course, long before the war, that Mr
Churchill wa? his own war staff, con
troller, director of ordnance and tor
pedoes, and had been able to assum
tall these functions, becau*'- I -
i rounded himself with naval o filo r
who lacked either the knowledge or th(
' courage to warn him of the appalling
dangers of his course. Thus we drifted
into war, with literally no higher naval
command at all, except such as whs
embodied in Mr. Churchill'? galvanic
and mercurial personality.
Naturally enough, it was rot long
before public confidence wa? shattered,
but 'he people had been taught to be?
? that Lord Fisher was a ?eci.rid
Lord Bsrhsm, the msn who sent Nel?
son to his victory at Trafalgar, so that
when he joined forces with Churchill
they were naiiily persuaded that every
.- rnu?t be right. The Dardanelles
failure disillusioned us once more, and
the failure was explained by the theory
that Churchill had been a King Stork,
and that if the little naval frogs wot*
I? be happy and successful m tli?-ir
pond, safety would lie in putting I
Log m command of them. S?> th? -.? -?
lephic Mr. Balfour went in a?
First Lord, and the order of the dav
was to leave all natal plans and a<i
venturen alone and not to worry. And
I so things went on until six months af- .
ter the Battle of Jutland, when that
victory seemed a little less of a tri?
umph than it had seemed, and when
the submarines, so far from being
"well in hand," were sinkirfg from thirty
te forty British ships a month. Then it
?ma at last realized that something:
must be done. It became necessary
for the First Lord to get new sea ad- <
visers. It was at the end of November'
la -t that Sir John Jellicoe and most of,
the present, naval members of the
hoard came into office, and this change
era? immediately followed by the fall
of Mr. Asquith's government, when Sir!
Edward Carson took Mr. Balfour'?'
Churchill's Confidence
In I lis Naval Board
Sir Kdward Carson is the shrewdest
and most powerful advocate at the
English bar; he i?, in addition, an ex- j
ceedingly astute politician. But his,
experience had, in private life, been
professional only, and in public affairs
had never been administrative. When,!
therefore, he succeeded to the chief
tancy of Whitehall no one was sur- ;
prised that he should have declared
that in his complete ignorance 01 naval
strategy he would limit him?elf to
seeing that his naval advisers had their
way untrammelled. It was, in punt of
fact, an announcement that he thought
th > naval members of the board so
perfect in their wisdom and their
?nergy, such masters of an art be
von?l his own comprehension, that he
betrau his tenure of office by proclaim?
ing they were superior to his own
criticism, and that he was determined
to ignore any criticism of tnem by
others. The resoll of this quite indis
criminate praise and uncritical con
tidence was soon apparent
Those who are familiar with the char?
acter of the Admiralty machine have
attributed its failure in war partly to
a wholly false sy.-t?m in the distribu
tion of business and partly to the selec?
tion ?if officers to man the separate
('epartments chosen all from one school
of thought. After a few months of the
new submarine campaign public opin?
ion compelled a radical change of sys?
tem. Hut as the o].| personnel remained
rot much was expected of the change,
an?) so far the moderation of these
hopes has been fully justified by re
sulls. It was patent that if the most
was to he made of British naval force
somctliing much more drastic must hap?
pen at Whitehall than was represented
by the changes made in May. .Sir Fd
v.ard Carson has shown himself a keen
but fair and sober critic, a man whose
r. ' es m a small war Cabinet might
* priceless, bol also a man who, if
?hrown into a department, was unlikely
to become an effective working head.
The novelty of the task, his age, his
? toe strong health, all mitigated
against his attempting the mastery of
the r.aval machinery nor did he. In
fact, attempt it. He went to Whitehall
in the character of the incomparable
adv..?ate; he held a brief for advisers
he had not cluisen but had inherited.
hi., whole attitude was an abdication
of original policy or personal authority.
Geddes Become? a
Factor in the Admiralty
Geddes was first introduced in the
Admiralty when the great changes
were made in May. Nominally, he took
over the work of the Third Sea Lord;
in point of fact, he became the Ad?
miralty for every purpose except the
war direction of the fleet and the ie
lection and promotion of the person?
nel. He superseded not one naval offi
CCT, but a dozen; not the chief of one
civil department, but the chiefs of all.
To put things right :?? BTBI given vice?
: .iik, but without any title
ha would have done the work jus? as
ighlv and as well, becaus? it is
s secret t<> see thing? as they
d erith such luminous simplicity
that he is never in doubt as to what
he wants done.
As an administrator he has had a
vart experience. He has run railwavs
in India, in Fnglar.d and in France. In
pt.ir. and in war ho has organized
manufacturing on a scale and in a di?
versity that is simply unbelievab'?*.
The machinery of the administration
answers in his hands as the piano an
1 svers Paderewski, or the midiron
Braid Where Geddes goes there are
j no vested interests, no office rights,
! no privileges, no traditions; the high
??I the lowest just have to work
JA large part of his success has con
in removing the obstacles which
1 human perversity has created, as if to
make good work and quick impossible;
a still larger pr.rt is the surprised .'.
light thr.t he excites in his subordi?
nates when they find, not that their
worh is ? us.cr. but that it is infinitely
nu.re successful. Naturally enough,
the* naval (.:r:cers at the Adn I
h..v. been perfectly enchanted by hi?
? Is. They knew something them?
selves about efficiency on board sh in
They have lorn* complained, but with
i out success, at the* inefficiencv ? f
A- a simple matter of fart, I know
of nothing that has happened since the
BUtbrenh of \u.r which seemed to me?
to hold out more definitely the ?Mur?
ai.ce of ultimate success than his ap?
pointment. It mean? that the Prime
?ster and the government have a
na-a! policy; it means thr.t they have
found a man to carry it out, and thi?,
i in turn, menns that th" submarine will
be beaten. Por th?? ?-tibmarire was the
01.iy elond ai the norteen.
- ?
Germans Repatriate
Those Unfit for Work
London, July if?. French men, worn
! en and children, under eighteen ?nd
more than fifty years of age, are b'
:ng returned by the Germans to Franc?
from the occupied section? in the
; northern nart of the country at the
rate of 1.000 a day, according to ad
received by the Belgian Relief
! Commission here. The repatriat.on i?
i | carried out through Switzerland.
Thousands of thr?e refugees have
arrived at Fvian-Ies-Hains, in the I?e
partment of llaute-Savoie. on Lake
?Geneva. Their condition is descnl.-,1
as most pitiable. The relief commis?
sion and the American Red Cross may
take measures to relieve the?-?i. as
Lvian-les-Bain?, with no adequate ac?
commodations for such throngs, is
daily becoming more congested. The
refugees are all persons incapable of
performing work useful to the Ger?
Moros May Fight in France
Manila, July 18. Plans to form h ,
regiment ef Moro?' are being made in ,
I the* hope that eventually it will be ?t- j
t?ched to the Amenc?n force in France. |
Commons Votes
Against Forcing
Hardinge to Quit
Balfour Defends Hi? Col?
league's Conduct in the
Foreign Office
Kut Inquiry Dropped
War Crisis Delays Action;
Dillon Bitterly Flays
London. July 18. -The House of com?
mons to-night declined to interfere
further to force the resignation of
Hiron Hardinge, Under Secretary for
Foreign Affairs. By a vote of 176 to 81
the House rejected a motion by John
Dillon to adjourn the House with a
vie*-?* to forcing the hands of the gov?
ernment to accept the resignation for
his connection with the Mesopotamia
Mr. Dillon in a speech demanded the
adjournment of the House and casti?
gated Baron Hardinge, but after his
indicJrTnent of the Fnder Secretary the
debat?s was rather languid. Arthur J
Balfour. the Foreign Secretary, reply
l g to Mr. Dillon's criticism, stanchly
defended Baron Hardinge, contending
that although he might be attacked for
what he did as Viceroy of India, it was
grossly unfair and unconstitutional to
attack him as Under Secretary for For
?ign Affairs.
"Whilr* 1 hold my present office," said
Mr. Balfour, "I will not permit such a1
gross act of injustice to one of my;
subordinates. If the House decides ;
that because I adhere to that decision [
I ought to resign, nobody will be more]
grateful, than myi?lf for that expr?s
siofl of opinion."
Mr. Balfour further argued that i
Baron Hardinge had only the same re- I
sponsibility as other ministers and for-,
mer ministers, and asked, "Why are
these ministers and ex-ministers not in ,
the dock ?"
Announcemen* was made by Andrew
Bonar Law, Chancellor of the Ex-!
chequer, that the government had de- I
eided nM t" proceed with the proposed!
judicial inquiry.
In coming to this decision the Chan
sallar said the government had been I
guided by the objection to a further |
inquiry raised during debate on the re- I
p-rt, and also was influenced by the I
undesirability of diverting the thought
and energies of the Legislature and the
executive at this critical time from
the prosemtion of the war. The sol- ,
diers would l*e dealt with by the army
council in the ordinary way and the i
decision announced as soon as possible,
he .?aid:
The government, on the representa?
tion of the Foreign Secretary, who
nlone was in a position to judge. Mr.
Bonar Law continued, had decided that
it would he detrimental to the interests
of the Foreign OiTicr if ?t ?hould at the
present juncture be deprived of the
servietS of Baron Hardinge, Under.
Foreign Ser-re'ary, an?! had therefore
refused his resignation, which had '
thrice been tendered. If it had been
in the power of the government to re- !
fuse the resignation of J. Austen
Chamberlain as Secretary for India,
Mr. Bonar Law added, it would have
?'one so.
In moving the adjournment of tho
Reuse Mr. Dillon powerfully indicted
the government and said that the mat?
tet involved the great principle of
Ministerial re?pon?ihi':*y and Parlia?
ment's sole means of influencing the
executive. Mr. Chamberlain had re?
signed, but Baron Hardinge, whose re?
sponsibility was the heavier, Mr. Dil?
lon said, was, because he possessed
powerful social influence, allowed to
ride off in honor.
The relatives of the men who died in
unspeakable a?;ony on the banks of the
Tigris, said Mr. Dillon, would condemn
a Parliament guilty of such neglect of
its duty. What would the country say.
when it learned that the culpable offi?
cers had been court martiale?!, while
the civilians went fr??-? He understood
that the next Dardanelles report was
going to be very unpleasant.
French Hold Gains
At Verdun; British
Advance in Artois
Fierce German Counter At?
tacks on Meuse Crushed
with Heavy Losses
Gun Duel at Ypres
Haig Continues Preparations
for a Renewal of
the Offensive
Ruman? repel Teuton counter attacks in
Fast Galicia after ililf fighting. Berlin re?
port? Ruisiam pushed back.
Britnh advance ?lightly ea?t of Monchy,
south of River Scarpe. Hea?/y bombard?
ment continues from French border to
French retain mile and ? half gain at
Verdun again?! ?trcng German counter
thrusts. Berlin admit? Ion.
Artillery activity on Italian front.
Brisk skirmishes in Balkans.
London, July 18.?The only advance
registered by any of th? belligerent]
forces on the west front within the j
last twenty-four hours was msde by:
the British, who, last night, pushed.
ahead slightly east of Monchy, in.
Artois. But there was heavy lighting ?
on the Verdun front last night and to?
day when the Gtrmans, in repeated
counter attacks, attempted to shake the
hold of the French on the mile and a
half front of trenches they leized yes?
terday between Avocourt wood and the
western slopes of Hill 304. Berlin ad?
mits the British gam, and, in effect,
confesses that the French restoreil
their defence lines around Verdun a.?
established la?t month.
The Berlin War dtliee bulletins con?
tinue to comment on the heavy artil?
lery tiro from the Flanders coast,
around Nieuport, to the banks of the
River Lys, which marks the boundary
between Belgium and France. General
Haig report? raids in force at Boesmghe
and Oosttaverne, OB either side of
Ypres, where the strongest gun duel
has been noted, in which a number of
(ierman iirisoners were taken and
many of the enemy killed.
There was also considerable activity
from Loos to south of the River Scarpe,
in Artoi?. The bombardment on both
river banks increased toward evening,
?nd after nightfall British contingent?
advanced on Fresnoy and around
Monchy. Berlin ?leelares they were re?
pulsed at Fresnoy, hut admits they re?
tained a sector of the Vert wood be?
yond Monchy. Apparently the only
German raid attempted w-as at Wicltje,
in Flanders, which failed.
Paris say.? that after intense artillery
preparation the forces of the Ccowfl
Prince swarmed against the new French
lines northwest of Verdun in a stub
horn series of counter thrusts. But as
they failed to gain a yard anywhere,
and suffered ex?-?'ptional los?es,thoy de?
sisted from th? ir attacks in the after?
noon. Berlin describes the French ad?
vance yesterday as starting along a
three-mile front after three hours of
exceptionally heavy cannonade, and ad
mits that the poilus penetrated Ger?
man-held trenches in the sootheaat
corner of Maiancourt Wood and on both
sides of the Malancourt-F.snes road.
An additional Krench onslaught deliv?
ered in the evening for the purpose of
increasing the gain is said to have
failed, (?rowing bombardments on the
??ast hank of the Meuse may indicate
French plan? to advance directly in
front of Verdun.
Aside from a German attack west of
tho ingnr refinery at Corny, on the
' hemin-des-Parnes, which was repul -?? I,
.?nd patrol encounters in the Argonne
?ind at a few Btb '< Bta, action ( i the
rest of P?tain's front was confined to
lha er>po ting bal I
" w?t
London. July 18 (DAY'.-There was fli
ins of a, local character again last ?
e??t of Monchy-le-Pre-jx. resulting ma
ther gain of ground by us and the captur
a few more German prisoners. Pnso
also were captur?-?1 by uj and many of
enemy were killed in the course of **********
raid? during the nicht northeast Sf ?Jos
verne and in the neighborhood of Boesin
?NIGHT' We carried out a ?U?"?**1
reid last night in the neighborr
noy. Several of the enemy were killed
their dugouts bombed. .
Owing to cloud?- there was little aerial
tivitv yesterday until the evening, whei
number of combats took place, in two
which large formation? were engage?! on ?
side. In the course of the fighting ?H
German airplane? were dn-.vned and six otl
were driven down out of control. Anot
enemy machine was shot down by our
'rom the ground. Four of our machines
Paris. July 18 iDAY?.- The artillery fit
ing became rather violent late at night <
and west of (erny. We repulsed ? f.ir-a
attack on a small peel north of Vienne
Chateau, on the western border of the
g?nne, and took a number of prisoner?.
On the left bank of the Meuse, aftei
violent: bombardment, the Germans m
several counter attacks on the position
captured yesterday, from Avocourt Wood
far as the western slope? of Hill W4.
their efforts were defeated by the heroic
sistance of our troops, which inflicted si
guinary losses on the Germans without yie
ing to them the slightest part of the c
??uered ground.
A Oil ISII attack near the Calonne trer
wa.? without result. The night SSSOtm
wa? calm.
?NIGHT?--There was rather lively art
ita-ry activity in the region of Cerny a
Hurtehise and in the sector of Craonae
In the morning we repulsed a German :
tack west of the (erny sugar refinery
On th?* left bank of the Usase (Veri
front' the enemy did not react |n th?* aim
of the day west of Hill MM except with I
Berlin. July 18 (DAY). Army Group
Crown Prince Ruppreeht There Ml hea
artillery fighting on th? coast in Flandei
From the Yser to the I,y? it increased co
?iderably toward the early morning. B
tw-een Hollebek? and Warna'on British reco
noitring advances were repulsed in a hand-t
hand engagement. At La Ba??e? Canal. I.o
ami I,ens, and also on both hank? of tl
Scarpe, there wa? lively artillery fighting
the evening. When darkness set in the Bri
iih made an attack nor?h of the Arra
Cambrai road They were driven back e
cept on a narrow sector weit of du Ve
Weed A British battalion which advene?
north of fresaos was driven off bv our fire
Army Group of the German Crown Print
On the Ai?ne and Champagne fronts tl
artillery fighting, fer th?> most part, wi
light, owing to the gloomy weather.
On the left hank of th? MeOM I Verd'i
front? there was fighting throughout th
day. After ?trong artlllerv preparation fa
thr??? hours, the Kren.-h attacked on a fro*
of five kilometres i three miles i. from Avr
court Wood to the region west of D.-al Hs
Hill. I" th? southeaatern corner of Malar
court Wood and on both ?idee of the Malan
court-E?nes road the French penetrate
trenches we captured recently, af'.T Mtte
flighting. Elsewhere they were driven bac!?
Italian Front
Rome, July 1<? Enemy partie? whi-h yes
terday attemptr-1 to approach our position
wer? all repeleed. A fe-f prisoners remained
la our hand?.
The enemy a-ti*>ry ?helled o-ir line?, er.ne
ciallv in the Zugna region, on the Pasuhio
on the Vodice and east of Gorizia. Our ar
tillery replied effectively, and also concen
trated its fire on th? Nabrasina station, caus
ing fire to break out.
_ r*****S*a4, July IS.?Western Rusaiar
rrent There has been intense artillery fight?
ing on the part of the enemy in the region o'
the village of Pot irov, ?outh of Rr-c-any
and in th" netehto-rhood of Hnli*?.
?a?uth of Ute village of Novi.-a. to the MOth
of ?SIUM, ?T.em;.- ?i.-tachments, -ft--:
artillery preparation, a'ta*ke,| ,H1il . !
one r-e the heights. Our detachment
rctire.i on the line o** the Ttiv -r ! ?
An hour later the c* a-n- r*m*rw*d the at
tack from the dlre-1
Nov?-a. but as the re-alt of S val'ant otintaw
a'-a-X bv our Infnntrv end *a**alr tl ? - ???? ~-.v
was thrown ba-k and pied the
above mentioned hoif-it
There ha? been no -".n*"r? a ! ehentre in the
on on the Rumanian ar: | ?
BerUa, .'u*-- || (D "?' < Frost o
? ' M a a , re was an ir ,
In the Acht' . et Riga, south of
Dlituk and a' Bmoi
In the Carpathian '. -?bias Ravar-lan end
Croatian tr. i
? ? . i the m ' f 1 osrl -
wer,- rttubbornly defended b; the It.
an-l lapul??- : ''??-?-?at. run, ?-. the
cap? ired - - '? It otl <
Lomniea II - ? th? "?? -iar.? were ? . !
- . in local
Russians Hing
Back Assaults
Along Lomnica
Cling to River Heights After ;
Bitter Struggle Against
Gun Duel Portends
Greater Actions
Teutons Seek to Drive
Wedge Into Enemy's
Front in Galicia
London, July It,?Heavy engage
, ments for the vital positions on the
' Lomnica River, in East Galicia, con
'? tinued yesterday with varioua fluctua
' tions, but no pronounced change of
position. The Russians, having retired
? from Kalusz, on the west bank of the
stream, are struggling to maintain
themselves against strong Auatro-Ger
i man reserves flung into action in the
?river bend around N'ovica. Tb.ua far
their defence has proved firm.
N'ovica is a mere hamlet, but for
three days it has been the scene of
vigorous battles. The Teuton reaction
las been directed against a ten-mile
front between Novica and L-odxiany.
Berlin announces flatly that Bavarian
i and Croatian regiments, after a stub
! born combat, captured the heights east
of N'ovica and held them against Rus
[ sian counter attacks, while other units
; of Korniloff's forces were pushed back
elsewhere on this front. Petrograd ex
j plains that the reinforced enemy, after
? pronounced artillery preparation, ad?
vanced south of N'ovica, while th? Rus?
sians slowly retired, and succeeded in
occupying one of the controlling
heights. An hour later, however, a
counter-blow reconquered the height
hud all the hostile gains were nullified.
The use by the Russians of infantry
and cavalry in combination Indicates
that the struggle has reached a phase
of wide-open fiehl fighting.
Both Berlin and Petrograd mention
ir tensive artillery fire around Brzezany,
the Russian official staement locating
the bombardment as between the vil?
lage of Portutory, on the Zlota Lipa,
and Halicz, recently captured by the
From Potutory to Halicz the Rus?
sian line stretches across the territory
between the two great Teuton defence
lystOOM on the Zlota Lipa and Onita
Lipa. The concentrated cannonade
there may mean an approaching Teu?
ton thrust to drive in a wedfe?? and
threaten Kornilo*?'s new lin.* on the
Lomnica, on the northern bank of which
ha still hoids his footing from the
i .'.l?ge of Bab.n to the river mouth.
Berlin also spca'.s of ?nereaseu .ight
ng activity at Liga, south <ii D*? ...sk
'?1 at Smorgon, in the nort..er. iront
ong tne Unman IBB ?rout, too, iSc. . .
. ma a v.a j .i revival of :ii . g
duel, ioc .. x it as on both a.dea
. ?? Sveh i ? ley, o id a o-.g th?
. . S I I I . 1101
lera th ?-? mpornrj cea
ei n Ea?t
mean * aal B ? ???> I baa c-*r. |
ive to i.
.? big military evei.ts e.e la pte?eese|
British ?rmoied Cats
In i.ujtL.in Offensive
Wash.D to . fl. tis
. ri : r tor d * cnmerts ar tak.ng
Make up Your Mind Ru.
Now?Go to Glacier pS
This Summer
Pack your toui-tn? and flshta? ?Z^
?Ion?* your earner? and rr^?^*1*? ?a,
the clear, exhilaratin? mountain ?J tt*> ??
get a reel vacation one that ?.,??*
with ener-cy and h*??lth. " M g?
In thia g*re?t p.ay-rround of y^,
are ?plendid for???u of ?w?*a^BJ?'* V
eoo! vaUeya that ar. a not oT2??,
flower?, (-lacier? to ?-.piar, -wj***** ?at
climb, hundr**d? of cleau mitt^L*** v
chuck full of trout?and then fJi^*11**??
taring or hikinsj. I**t to.
There ia a bi?n?-r*. a ?r?,^
Glacier National Park not to bT#!T **??'
where. *** ?WBJ ?j*.
You'll find ?waitln-f you tttetasu.
to suit ?*v??ry pur??- ??.rula^fr^?
inn*, perfectly ????uipred, pictu*?-?j?JJ*?1'***'
or just tepe? camp life. ^^ **"???,
Let me help you plan your tnp iv_
or. if mor? convenient for you ?-jaii^**
?nd let me ?end you b^kleu an?S*lNt
'full information and prie??. T???i/,*;'
of Burlineton ?ervice. and uk? .,?, <*?**?
trouble. "*" ?*???? *?v
W. J. Her?-?-. On'1 A?ent, tmm, n
C. B.M R R. 1114 Orc-timtYZJ*
Phone Ma.l. *S<4. ..TA?*,. **? ?*"**?T*-1
Surtinf July IS* a Scandiwia. ^
and ?port butine?? ln ?|| bbb*^"2,
connection? ?A-itf? Americ**?^^^
?nd industrial firm?, particularly ?*-,*, ?
fodder dealer?, provuion?, tH. p,^
ers and importer? ?Jiould Ka?j of***, y
particulars to
Halnw?^ s^
Member : General Eiporl AiarjcJaiB,
Sweden ; Halnntad MeixKaai?' ^
"?salts your Mds Je aV?l?a?ur?i r^ a-_
|-u?.<-ni? Hr^er, ty-lf- Ater? t t?l iml^'fi
CutlOBU op?rai'ana ?????. Jul to BaSZE2"
land A?t?ti for Artamir ? OeTkUi?
trettee Oil &?. Au? tu trtem St?W**
according to semi -official infonut,.
received to-day from Petrograd by ??,
Russian Embassy here. This ii ti,
first mention of the presence of Bnu?
forces in Russia. It says th? tnttr.
cars are cooperating effectivslr r*,
Pelgian detschments sent tasr? um.
after nie war began.
No mention is made of tht riuaWr?*
date of arrival of th? British ?-fe?.
Swedish Cargo in Covrt
Britain Says 1,800 Tom froa
U. S. Was to Go to Germuy
London, July 18.?In th? Pris? Cor
to-day the Attorney Gentral atktd ?*
the condomnstion of som? 1,800Mile1
dried fruits from New York ard Sut
Francisco, and consigned to Ut S?c
ish Victualling ( omrr.ission, ? C*r?n
ment department, but alleged U M c
tended or export to Germai;.
Before the war, said tin attce.;
General, che annual requimt'! '
thi ....dilles ?m
..'j. 0 .o- s. but . ..j the
had to- ???! o.-.*, whilt..
f.rat ha.. ?: , i.tM tons h?d'??.
-oiien to Acid ess Rot?ry O?
\ ? . Po En .land'? .ctta*
-itv* I e th? riot I
?p?aktr it ?
??on to b. ? :i at noo& to-di* ?*
ry (.lubattheHiUi
A . : P .len ?I expKUd t? s
real many fact, in connection with !k?
war not heretofore mad? public, ?-?
iv will touch on th? ?uboan?
! cksde.
Like Passing Through the pages of a Picture BooK
A trip of beauty, amid an environment of refinement. Scene.s unfold leaf
by leaf like passing through the pages of a picture book,?an ideal route to
Philadelphia, over the New Jersey Central Railroad I
{^?^ft^^?^t! K^m?? ^ Street; {? ?>=s down the river or across from Liberty Street. ?****
are reire?nea irom me nt.it ot a summer tray. I hen. reimigorated by the de ghtful water trio vou s.irt a comfortable nde
by rail through a country of real scenic beauty on this, the "Route of Refinement." The New-Yerev^Omttri his the lattst
equipment and the best service - comfort from beginning to end. Travel this way tte^fia^w??to kA?? '
?Your Watch is Your Time Table?
? Every Hour on the Hour?
train daily, s,eeper ready 10 P.M. U^?72^
' I

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