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40,000 New York Sammies To Be Made at Home
At Camp Wadsworth by People of Spartanburg Brtoric City Spreads Itself to Welcome Troops When Th^y Detrain in "the Land of the Sky" to Prepare in Ideal Quarters for Service Abroad Iptrttnburg, S. C, July 28.?Historio htrunburg, rich in the mementoes of n_7 American war, is Just spreading lull, as tf.-y *?ay do-wn here, to wel i??'Sew York's future heroes, who n_t time next month are coming here t train for foreign service. Spartan pagtn are proud of their city, its riones, past and present, but prouder ??tar? they of tne city, the military st?, tfc?*. is in the making, off in the til three miles to the west. Tais is Camp Wadsworth, which will O?* home of 40.000 New York sol Otn. Tr.o townspeople are taking a pm personal and individual interest t?M preparation of the cantonment, ?Itier cooperation has been a valu mt aid to the United States ai-my tfteter? who have laid out and are (fajfctlng the construction of the camp. lb? townspeople, too, art- making ?m-pi? preparation on their own behalf br th? coming of the New Yorkers. *}artanburg is astir with activity which | (mages the doubling of its population j tw r.._ht. Th? town itself has a popu- ! ?don of 23,000. but hotel, restaurant ! ni boarding house accommodations | m being increased and cou7itless hos- . j?Uble entarpriat* sic on foot by ail??, churches ard societies for the ' ?wrsion of the soldiers. f??u?d no more than half of the pro' M? now in contempl?t.on be carried ? ?t, It I? safe to predict now that the j katries from New York will be well ! BtortaiTied during their respites from ' Mst when they are in the town on ; n Tto taator.ment site, though only '? Bm miles from town es the crow Bu,!* in reality five mile? away. The A3 of tre land hereabout! presents' CaaCTllti?'? U - who WOO Id M-tt th? crow's route. The three ??(?dairire.! automi I ?ys and jJjibiUr-jrban trolley line which run , ?t-ttni the city and the camp take a ??Wirtcourse through the hills, which _-?***"?X tc the north and west to meet ?*Bti Ridr? Mountains. , ??* two thousand acres of sloping ??Mad which the site comprises Is ?t nhjtct of a rapid and, to the }&**' remarkable transformation. ' ****** ef cotton and corn have disap Mtni ?nd wooded landt ar? being itMtA off ?r.th amazing g**riftnest by. ? trmy of worker?, mostly negroes ?*?**"**d from th? plantations about 5*k* gensrou? gtrvernmint wages, and *m it? learning aura enough th? real atnlptf ?f the word work, as Inter M*Mi iy Yar.ke? foremen. Barrack? Bein? Boilt ?h**?j mi'.lior.? of fe?t of freih pine fObtt 1? tinvir.g on the ground?, and ? ton-neks are beginning to rise, row * *ow. l\.ey are long rectangular *9*m ttneturtt, built of 12x1 boards !*?*it?d, with wat-nrproofed gabled ????nd bttUned on th? tidos against to?t?th?jr. ?MO building will boas? about 150 _*. er cr.? company. Each company J_tot it? owr? mess ?hack and field mat.? a,?.,* bath houses. The officer?' _***eki are on the tamo design ta the **5***i m?r,'s. Je ntlr? camp hu b?en ?unreyed ?M stak.d out, aod th? water and J_f? ?*,??.?- is nearlng completion. J? ?.tea*? have been dug and the **N ax? be'ng laid. Jto water ?upp'.y for th? camp come? _"? tx? n_oe reservoir that auppli??*? Joty of ;-iparUr.burg, which Is inex *?>>**ibi? ?r.r? ha? beer? pronounced by ?? ?tat? ch.m.st as free from the **?ftl.:'Jes of contamination. *try prteaotlo? is to be taken te Jfcltar-? the health of the troop?, and '?""a? wi'h thlt end in view that the Jr ?ar.itarjr expert? recommend???) _? prt'.cu'.ar locality a? a ?iU for ?** "wtecntra'.lon ramp. Jto.? . ? ? ? . tht elevation run JJflW, ? ? , ' feet, and enjoy? ^??tltod dran . Fair Port?t *_*.? tributar*, of the Sant?? Hiver. ?_n-??'*f northwest wind? with th? ??I of BotwUln air greet tb? t.l.tor, _?** i? sen* their ?oure? he behel'is g to??itif?il B.?*? Ki'Jg? Mounuin?, ???Hd Witt for.at? of oak ?r.d pin?, *"*? tw?-?y-??*v?n mile? away. *to Land ?,f the Sky la how thl? rjf** at th? famottJ 1'iedmont region 2??**?*-wn t'jt g?r eration? befort re.I \g\\** ?*-?? and eornn.er. ial dub ttcr? [?galOtait tlong ti ; ' il?*?*? ^******* I*.? fr?-d'.m from climatic ?x ? ?fid e'??-r.c? of malarial < to?, ri i'd it to army men ?ZJM 14??; location for a year-round tJ- Tkt rnttri t*)rnp?r?tur? f'?r **??? ??-?nth? i? 61 d?*t*r?a?. .,. *U?I lire*I'm l'erp-etu?! *jj~* i-vrtherr. metr?poli? of N?w ?!_??'. .?, ,...*.,,.rr, rn?tropotla of J**?'* ?w?i?.?.r ?1 Ik? In the oppressiv? ?J* *et,r,g i, j ,,,,] August but ?.? |J2>Wa?*aw?.rth it Is '?'?<?!. Mid the *MA?g bri??*za? from the mountain?? -J2_l n*-t?ral advantage? make the * ?f MnrUtton ?n el?m?-it?l ?here nature hat been re am ia mpkiua iw deficunci??. *'*I?a>*^^ Major George Cole and Captain .Tame Stark, regular army oiTicers in charg of the preparation of the cantonm?n' join in the assertion that everythin will he in readiness when the troop arrive about the middle of Augus' and that under ordinary conditions th sick list should be kept down to minimum. Although the soldiers are not ex pected here before August 15, if th? come sooner they can be cared fo without serious Inconvenience whil the finishing touche? are being put pi the camp. The Southern and Pen;r-ui lar and Northern railways are extend ing double track lines from Spart an burg to the camp to Insure the ** perlition of supplies and foodstuff: from day to day. T"he trolley line which runs to thi Spartar.burg Country Club goe through the camp, and will inaugur?t? a fifteen-minute 5-cent fare schecio!? to and from the town after the cam; open-?. There will be jitneys galore. Op-en House for Soldiers Spartanburg will keep open h-Mis< for tilt soldiers and members of theii fami lit?. Already inquiries regarding accommodations for the wives ar.c families of soldiers are being re? ceived. The Rotary and Commercial clubi have named special committees to as? sist in finding quarters for soldi-*****' relatives who desire to come to Spar' tanburg during the term of the camp. Judging from the inquiries re c>.\ pi from members of the 7th and other New York regiments re?pectin?j accommodation?, Spartanburg has be? gun to feel that it is about to come into social as well as military promi? nence. The Country Club will extend full firivileg.-?s of membershir? to the men n unform and their families. Though the tennis courts and golf course may have lost some of their attraction for the soldiering devotees of these games, the swimming pools and reading and club rooms will b? a welcome change from camp life. The Y. M. C. A., housed in a new $75,000 building, also will be open. John B. Cannon, cashier of the Bank of Spartar.burg, has gone to Washing? ton to confer with Secretary Baker with t view to obtaining permission for the banks of Spartanburg to estab? lish a branch bank at the camp. Mr. Cannon believes that if the soldier has a convenient and safe place to depot-it his money ht will ?ave. Ha ht? fig? ured that If every man in the camp depo?it? only 2b cents a day, they will have saved in th? aggregate 1225,000 in a morth. President Schenck of the Bowery Savings Bank, of New York, ar.<l pres? ident of the Association of Savings Bank? of New York State, has com? mended Mr. Cannon's idea. Th? Bank of S paitan burg has arrange-d to fur? nish New York draft? free of charge. This '.? just on? item which illustrates th? spirit with which Spartanburg in? tend? to welcome th? N?w Yorker?. The Rotary and Commercial clubs promt?? no prie? boosting, such as ha? been common with garrison towns, will mar their greeting to th? ?oldiers. The c.ty anil county authorities al? ready have taken up the question of morals. They venture that the com? plaints from other cities where troops arc quart-red will not be duplicated In Spartanburg. Above?The cite of Camp Wads-worth, where the New York militia will go for "finishing." At left?Beginning work on the camp; first moves toward cutting in the open tracks over which supplies will go. I British Labor Will Secure Many Advantages from War Workers Realize Success of Struggle Depends Upon Them and Are Not Slow to Demand and Receive Concessions from Lloyd George?Will Have a Lot More to Say By ARTHUR S. DRAPER London, July 28.?No governmen be ?table after three years of war. Tho Lloyd George government I exception. The British Premier is of courage, a man of great imBgini and vision, a magnetic speaker, ai defatigable worker. He is big en to change his mind; he is alive en' to sense popular opinion while thr still time to regulate his course, knows when to fight and when tc treat. Comment? on Lloyd Georgo n from ono extreme to another. I I heard him compared favorably ? Lincoln; I have heard him describe a political Raffles. The French adr him moro than do many of his countrymen. If he lacks any of qualities of a great statesman and J ular leader they are thoso of pati? and the ability to concentrate. Lloyd George haa warm auppori and bitter enemies. Between these is a big and important tody of opin: Labor, as a whole, must bo included this middle class. His supporters mit Lloyd George has made many n takes, atid, unfortunately, these n takes have chiefly affected labor. So were errors of omission and some commission; somf c?ate back to pre-v day?, ?fimi1 are recent. Just now I Lloyd George government is grant: many concessions, most of thorn labor. More beer will be brewed, 1 price of tobacco is to be reduced, 1 tht'Rtre ticket tax ?b being lowered, t Premier has promised to keep the pr of bread within the means of worki people even if ho has to draw on t Exchequer. Theso ure only a few tho concessions. Why has he made concessions? T answer is simple. lie must counter? the unrest which necessarily increas as the war drags on. Granting cone? siona is like taking morphine; the bi ger the dose the greater the next oi must be. Fortunately for Llo* George, conditions in Great Britain a no different from those In the oth belligerent countries; in most respec they are much better. Though it 1? bign of weakness to make concession the danger is minimized when a s?mil? situation exist? in other countries. Bi fore considering the causes of unrei ?political and economic?it may h worth while to look at the compos! tion of the go ?re rament. Lloyd George heads a coalition a**o*" ernraent of which some eighty member of Parliament are members. It ha drawn heavily from Conservative an Liberal ranks, with the result that li the House of Commons there is no rea opposition. Mr. Asquith p?av? an in consequential part; he neither ob struct? nor assists Lloyd Gerrge; he it a neutral. Runrlman, MrKenna an some other members of tho loto gov? ernment are obstructionists. The In dependent Labor party, which include? Snowden and Macdonald, is openlj hostile, as are all the pacifists. The newspapers and periodical? represent s wide range of opinion, but fow of them are consistently loyal. "The Morninj, Post" is extremely critical; "The Daily News," "The Daily Chronicle," "The Westminster Gazette" and "The Man? chester Guardian** invariably support the Liberal opposition whenever It acts; the Northcliffe press, "Tho Daily Expresa" and the "Daily Telegraph" am generally friendly to the govern? ment; Massingham's "Nation," "The Labor World," "The Herald" and "The New Wj*.ness" could hardly be elassod as government oigan?. "The English I Review," "The Contemporary Review and i'lately) Leo Maxse'? "National R view" are not friendly to the goveri ment After three years of wnr nothlr ?hort of an air raid on an English cil or the capture of 5,000 prisonei ; arouses the British people to anger < | to jubilation, as the caso may be. i the news of the day does not measui j up to this standard, the average Uritc I begins to wonder why his favori! I rrwspaper has failed to record the pi litical unrest stretching out all ovi the country. John Bull is a deep-eye political fan, and he prides himself o his ability to sen-e a crisin. It is sue : an easy thing to turn out a British goi j ernm?*nt no long und tedious popul? elections. Looking back on the crises of th ; last two years, it is plain that ever I one originated in the failure of th I government to get on with the wa ' Tho lust three years have changed th I world's perspective?prece'lent.s of 191 have been toseeil into scrap haske' ? Britain's scrap basket is especially fu ! of precedents and blasted reputation: 1 It is no easy matter to blast one'? rer | utation in England. But once that rer ! utation has fallen off the stone wal 1 kt Hunipty Pumpty, all the kin^' horses and men can't put it back agair Mr. Asquith, Winston Chnrchill, Lo ? (ir?'v of I'alloden, Sir Beauchr.mp Pu;* Sir Ian Hamilton and a host of other | could ?rive interesting tes'imony t this point. Just why reputations cai ' hat.g so long on the edge of the ston I wall of British opinion before the I finally tumble is not so much a qu??s ! tion of British loyalty as it is of Brit j lsh trust. Since a lot of prttedtnb i have been thrown by the board thi j People have hecome not one whit les' J ioya!. but distinctly more critical ar.< j cautious. Bthind the scenes of public Ufe i | considerable amount of political wire i pulling I? being dont, llrietly, the anti i C.eorg.i faction, powerful enough in the i agr/regnto to overthrow him, is so splii ' up wiih interr.ul dissensions that II , cannot unite in any fundamental pol i icy. There is an attempt boing made to form a combination of the dissatis? fied Liberals and Independent Labot | party, but it can hardly come to any. ? thing. There Is a strong Tory opposi? tion to Lloyd George. But If there it any chango it will be brought about by labor?not tho labor of party organiza? tion as represented by Arthur Hender? son or Ramsay M?cdonald. Before th? war the British workman had fast bevrnn to get the Interest on tho years of toll he had nut Into his i campaign for rights and privileges. | In the first two years of the war many i of these right? and privileges were ! swept aside by what he calls Pora (defence of the realm act), t child of j war necessity. Then he began to ap i prec?ate that war had grown from an ! incident to the ell-developing garment of life. He did not like the present or the ftiture outlook, and he decided i to win back his lost ground. He has i got it now, and he is after more. It ; tjkes no* prophet to forecast a revolu 1 tur.nry change in British labor?higher ! wages, better education, food and hous i ing. That Is the labor organlratlon which | will have a lot to say in the govern j ment of the rounti-y. And that Is the . party Lloyd George has to deal with ' to-day. it may wait until the end of ! the wtr?for patriotic reasons?and it 1 may not It wants to beat tho enemy as much as it did on August 4, 1914; It ha? it? ?ons and brothers fighting at the front; it ha? It? fathers and wives and sisters working in the munition plant?. It cannot lie called disloyal. And when it asks an accounting th? government of the hour must show a satisfactory balance sheet World's Peace Waits on Russia; Her Recovery May End War -, New Republic's Losses Have Given Heart to Teutons, but Check to German Advance Will Put Into ? Motion Many Pacifist Efforts By ISAAC DON LEV1NE Author of "The Rust?an Revolution' At the end of three year? of the m colosssl wsr in human hiitory thepr pect? for peace are anything but brig There i? a universal feeling that pei is near. And yet it necessitates a stra ing of one'? viglon to distinguish 1 dimly ?ilhouetted peace possibilities the blood-red horizon? .if the world. 1 morrow these possibilities may van! into the thin air or grow strong enou to Indicate the early approach of pea On the outcome of the German offe live against Russia hinges the issue the great war. If the Russians, und a dictatorio', government and with t military cooperation of tho Allies the West, car. ?top the advancing Teut tide, then peace may be much near than generally is anticipated. On t other hand, If Russia'? military orga ism is destroyed, then the world co flict will continue unabated, unies? t Allies agree to a "patched-up" peace. A week ago the pacifist current Germany was at its greatest heig since the beginning of the war. T ; military successes in the East ha j suddenly and effectively checked th : peace movement. A Teutonic rever ! in the field would, however, Just suddenly react in favor of the now ?u I ducd pacifist gentiment permeating tl | masses of the Central Power?. | It was to arrest the rise of Teuton hopes that the Allies, at the climax ; Russia's disaster in Galicia, issued the end of the Paris conference la week the following declaration: "The Allied powers, more close united than ever for the defence 1 the people'? rights, particularly in tl Balkan peninsula, aro re?olved not ' i lay down arm? until they have a j tained the end which in their s****t nominate? all other??to render ir ' possible a return of tho criminal u? gression such as that whereof the Cei tral Empires bear the responsibility Allies Modifying Terms With thi? statement the opponent of the Teuton alliance usher in tl ! fourth year of the conflict, (in i 1 face there is little hope for peace 1 ! its text. But taken together with ai other declaration made at the san* time in London, the Allied proclam! ' tion indicates a willingness to cor | elude peace on less belligerent bast than ever before. That second dec?an ! tion was made by ex-Premier Asquit ; in the House of Commons, and read: I "The principle clearly agreed to b ' every one of the Allias Is that In an rearrangement made the governin i principle ought to be the interests an I the wishes of the populations af fected." In other words, Mr. Asquith, repre senting a powerful British party, sub scribed to the doctiiho, first pro r.ounced by President Wilson and thei adapted by the New Russia, that ever , people should be allowed to settle it own destinies. Mr. Asquith's stato ment is of tremendous importance Fo this doctrine is the foundation of thi famou? "no annexation? and no in i demnities" peace formula, the latte; j part of which should read "no puni tive indemnities," a? even Russia am I the German Minority Socialists agr<*< I that devastated regions should be re? stored. Thus we have a clear indication ol i Britain'? changing attitude towar. ! peace. But even more striking in the ! ?amo respect is last month's utterance of Lloyd George. "We are told,'' ?aid tho British Premier in Glasgow, "that if we are preDared to make I peace new Germany will restore the I independence of Belgium. But who ?has said ?o? No German ?tates-nan has ever said he would restore the in? dependence of Belgium." No New Map of Eorope Thi? making of the Belgian Issue a chief part of the peaco problem is very significant. It mean? that tho Allie? are ready to drop, in view of the pre?ent circumstances, their great ! scheme of redrawing the map af ?Europe on new bases. At least Great i Britain, the mainstay of the A'.lio?, hns indicated that a positive German declaration of Intention to restore Belgium politically and economically would pave a way toward peace. Mr. Asqulth last week practically reite: ated Lloyd George's words. He aske.l* "I? Germr.ny prepared not only to evacuate Belgium, but to make repara? tion for the colos?al mischief and damage which accompanied her de? vastating occupation and the praet leal enslavement of a large portion of the Belgian people? Is she prepared n >t only to do that, but to restore to Bel f'ium, not a pretence of, but absolute, ndependence? "I ?hould like- to know the German an?wer to these questions. I find no anFwer in the vague, indeterminate formulae of the Reichstag. I have no d??lre to say that peace is Impost*bt< but I cariiot see. from what has r< cently occurred in Berlin, any real ?I proxtmttloa of a practical kind to th i.ims and objects of the Allies." Here is the most tangible different between the Allied and Teu'on wn tima obtainable It Is the indemnifies tion and rtttoratfoa of Belgium. Thi ?i:rTi?r. :.c<-, it should be borne in mini has been extracted by Great Brltair i not by G??rmany. What are the ren cons for the ?udden conciliitory atti t'uie of John Bull? They are Ital and Ratait. The Allies' original programme fo reeonttraction nf Europa, espeei*?] lv the Balkan n.tp. has been blocked b Italy's that in th.? war. Italy tpptX ently wants nothing less than the ta tiro Auntrian Adriatic littoral. Ital son.?? wetlu ngo declared a protectorat over Albai i without consulting th Allies, although such an act shoul R tat hnvj b??en promulgated, accord i lag to th" Allitd viewpoint, unless ap proTtd by tht pene, conference at th conclusion of the war. But Italy als ! makes claims to Palmatia, 97 per cen ' of whose population i? Slav. j The Allies, 01 cour?e. cannot figh i for internatioral justice on such i i basis. To satisfy Italy's demand I would amount to a repudiation of thei purposes in the war. However, . Russia l?p.J not broken down, Britaii an 1 France wculd have di.-sregar.lei ? Italy's aspirations. But with Russia to ray the least, in a stato of uncer tainty bordering on continued r?volu ' tion, there was nothing left for Grea Britain to do but announce that th object for which she originally entere? the war, the inviolability of Belgium is tho chief cbstacle in the way of si understanding with Germany. Central Power? Revived Peace therefore depends on Ger many'*? attitude toward the Belgiai problem. A short while ago there wa | every prospect that Germany would b< - compelled to come out with a pledge ti ? restore Bolgium. But then Russia be gan to disintegrate. The depressei Teutons regained their lost spirit. Aus tria-Hungary, on the verge of collapse tt another effort to regain its e?iui librium. Wavering Turkey and Bulgarii have again found faith in Prussian in ; vincibility. Now three things may happen to Rus sia. Russia ma*, collapse. In that casi the Allies, with the help of the I'nitec i States, will contuiu.? the war until Ger j many is at least willing to fully reston j and indemnify Belgium. That woulc : m< an not less than another year o! war. Russia may come back suffieientlj ' to make the (?rural Powers realize thi hoptltttnttt of their cause. Then peaci would probably follow within a feu I months, perhaps before winter. Finally , Russia may regain her striking poweri to such a dtgrtt as to cause the ??uicl I dillaterration O? the Central Power* and make possible a revolution in Ger 1 mar.y. In case Russia soon rallies so much j as to hold her own, several ways tc , peace would be opened. A separate Al* , lie?! peace with either Bulgaria or Tur ; ki y, or both, wo h m bt i? dittiatt possibil ity. There is no reason why such a pea? j should not be concluded if the Allies ' only choose to make sacrifices. Russia's j renunciation of her claim to Constanti | nople makes an understanding with Turkey possible. Such an undorstand j lag might have been reached llrcady I had the Allies sought it. The recovery* ! of Ru~sia, it is sale to assume, would I make them seek the splitting up of the | ( entrai Tower-, M they would not rely : on Russia longer. BUtit'l recovery would also mean 'the continuation of her effort to bring ; about peace through an international labor ?nd Socialist movement. Russia's I Council of Workmen and Soldiers is 1 sued tomt time ago an invitation to loeiallltt of the world to meet to di eaM peace. For the time being, be ! cause of the critical military and po? litical titaatioa in Rus?ia, the council's i Invitation has been forgotten. How '< ever it should not be imagined that ! the idea has been dropped. As soon as Botlia recovered It would be picked up ' with gratt?t energy than ever. And ! that woold mean that the Socialists and Itbor or?ritii*ations of the world would c nveno in Stockholm to arrive at a j common programme and launch a uni | versal peace movement. Objecta of Conference The Russians, who initiated the ! movement, have sent out delegates to 1 arrange for the conference. Theso dele | pr.tes outlined as follows their objects land those of the proposed conference: "First?The securing from Entente ?Socialists recognition of the Russian ; peace alms, which are no annexation, no indemnities and the right of small pations to choose their own govern itr-nt "Second?To secure the attendance of delegates from the Allied nations at the international conference. "Third ?To druw up at that eonfer : er.'-e a peace programme to be sub ; ir.itted to the governments of the war i nr.g nations, and to procure a binding I agreement of all international Social ' iatl to stand together for these de Imands and to act concertedly, using | any means decided upon to compel the governments to takt steps looking tow I ard a peace conference." To realize the first two of the above ' objects it has been decided to hold a preliminary conference of alliod Socl ' rtprtttatathrtt. This prtlimi* nary mtttinc it to be held shortly. Its decisions will largely depend on the ? course of events in Russia. If Russia i recovers, It is almost certain that it ?will adopt a resolution binding the I allie?! ."??icalists to attend an interna i tional conference. Would such a conference bring peace appreciably ntartr. Cndoubtedly y a. ?All Its ptrticipants would be bound by its decisions, it must bo remembered. I And the majority of the countries Ijave already committed themselves to cer? tain principles. These principles have been stated in various terms, but are essentially the sain?. Ike Genaaa minority Socialists, who now control the majority of the German .Social Democrat?, have stated their aims as follows: "Modification? of frontiers must de? pend on the consent of the paoulatiea? concerned snd must not be effected by violence. '"Annexations and indemnitie? shall be fixed on the ba?is of the right of nation? to decide their own destinies. "Re-establ??hment of Serbia a? an in? dependent autonomous state is neces? sary. "The aspiration? of the Polish people toward Rational unit" are ur.?lei stood, but to concede right of autonomy to Russian Poland end refuse it to Prus ?ian and Au?trian Poland i? irrecon cilib'.? with th?? right of nat'ons to de? cide their own destinies. "Continuation of the war to estab? lish this right as well as to solve the question of Alsace-Lorraine is con- : demr.ed. An opportunity outrht to be given Alsace-Lorraine to decido by. referendum to which country it wishes ' to belong:. "It is impossible to refuse Belgium . complete political independence and complete economic autonomy. The Belgian people should receive repara t tion and damage? due to war, particu? larly the restitution of economic los?es, this having nothing in common with war indemnities, which are cundemn?>d. "The policy of colonial conquest is | condemned." Programme? Much Alike?, The above programme has also been aiiotped by the Austrian and Hunga? rian .Socialists. It comes pretty clos? to what the Allied Socialists stand for. And it is substantially the same as that of the neutral Socialists, outlined by Camille Huysmans, the noted Bel? gian Socialist, who is now Secretary of the International Socialist Bureau at the Hague, in the following terms: "No annexations. "No post-bellum trade war. "All enemy territory to be evacu ato? by the belligerent?. "Full recompense for Belgium and Serbia. "Perhaps compensation for the ruth? less destruction in northern France." If Russia recovers, then the inter? national Socialist and labor conference will take place. It will formulate a common programme, to be enforced by a general world-wido strike. However, ?uch a strike would hardly occur In ? the Allied countries, as the govern? ments of the latter are likely to adopt formally the Russian peace formula , before the Socialists meet. A Russian collapse, however, would mean tho end of the Socialists' aspira? tions and efforts. It would strengthen Germany internally and weaken the peace movement among the Teuton masse?. Another alternative Is ?till possible: I the revival of Russia to Such an extent j as to deliver ?ome vital blows at the Central Power?. That would be the ' shortest cut to peace, as it would ac? celerate the spread of revolutionary ?ai '.ments within Germany, and would hasten the disintegration of the Teu? tonic alliance. Such an eventuality is, however, remote, and for all practical purposes may be eliminated from all , consideration. Peace at the beginning of th? fourth foot of the war Is contingent upon the i i outcome of new Russia's crisis. Should \ I Russia weather the crisis and remain ! ' intact, we may still have peace this ] | year. If Russia breaks down complete- \ \ ly, another year of war Is almost cer- . I tain to follow. War's Fourth Year Finds France Calm, Premier Ribot Saysj "Nothing Will Stop Allies Un? til Enemy Peoples Awaken" Pari?, July 28.?France begins the fourth year of the war In calm confi? dence and determination, expressed to? day by Premier Alexandre F. Rlbot in these words: "Until the people with whom we are at war finally awaken and free them sehree from the detestable r?gime that oppresses them, nothing will stop the Allies in their effort that will bring back peace to the world by the triumph i of their arms." At the request of The Associated ! Press, the Premier wrote: "The ?ntry of the United State? into the conflict that is pending in the world ? was tho capital event tf the third year of the war. It was welcomed with en? thusiasm by the Allied peoples. They know what may b? tho ctiort of the American soldiers who have come to ???ht by their side. "That event resounded mightily throughout th? ent.re world. Certain | Latin-American states wh.?re France '. receivea touching marks of sympathy on the day of her national f?te already havo shown, by breaking off relations with Germany, that they had a clear vision of the Germanic peril. "Greece, wrenched from the intrigue? of a foreign faction, is preparing to send fresh contingenta to fight with M on the Macedonian front. The causa of national liberty in all countries is finding more ardent advocates who are heard with increasing attention. "The enemy, disappointed in his in? sensate hope of stopping oe?MUI naviga? tion, disillusioned in his effort to sap the courage of the Allies by false offers of peace, can do no more than to seek to envelop tho origins of his criminal enterprise in a veil of untruth. "May the peoples with whom we are at war finally awaken and freo them? selves from the detestable regime that ' oppresse? them. Until then nothing ?nil stop the Alie? in their effort that ; trill bring back peace to the world by I triumph of their arms." WHFRF NRW YORK MILITIAMEN Will ?SOON SF.F.K RFCRFATION AFTFR Wf CW1P \r AnsvrnUT, . Tha centre of Spartan burg, 8. C i . .v. i - ??,..., it will he noted that there is not a saloon in sight South Carolina is a dry ?tat*. The camp where the New York boys will camj> is about three miles from town. It will ho notea in*.-. U. S. Will Turn Tide for Allies, View of Maurice America's Entrance Great? est Event of Third Year, Says Noted Expert Teutons on Defensive German Strategists Base Hopes That U-Boats Will Force Cry for Peace London, July tl.?America's en? trance into the war is the moat im? portant development of the third ?year of the great conflict in the opinion of Major General Frederick B. Maurice, Chief Director of Military Operationa at the British War Office, aa expressed in an interview in which he reviewed the main event? of the third year and summed up the present situation. "To-day," Major General Maurice said, "Germany, whose whole military gospel whs to prosecute a vigorous of? fensive, is redu.-ed to 'a pitiful ?tat? of military heipleisness in which she i? barely able to hang on' in the hope that her submarine? Will force the peo? ple of the Entente powers to demand peace at a time when Germany ha? the 'big pawns' with which to make a bargain. "Speaking from the military point of view," sui.l Major General Maurice, "the greatist event of the third year of the war is the fact that the Ameri? can people joined u 4. I'p to the pres? ent France and Russia always have been ablo to say to their people that the F.nglish power had not yet been developed to the fullest extent, and that, when England's full weight wa? in the Bold, the pressure on the French and Russians would he somewhat les? sened. That still is true, but only to ? a limited extent. F.ven Kngland is get I ting near the point where she must ?ay that she cannot ext.'mi her work much further in France. Meanwhile the strain in the Continental countries Is becoming greater and greater, and the French aro in real need of more and more support. "Of course, the ??me Is true and probably in far greater measure in enemy quarter?. Alllra Lean on United Statea "But the whole Tes?on of the three year? of warfare is to emphaaize the military maxim thnt the man with the last reserves is going to win, and we ?till have got the whole power of the I'nited State? to draw upon. The Unite?! States is to-day the general re? serve of the F.ntente. With that re nerve Intaet. WS may look the fourth year in the face with entire confidence. "Germany has made the same mis? take with regard to the United State?, as three years ago ?he made with re? gard to Kngland. She argued, 'we do not believe England will come in, but if she does come in. ?he is not a mili? tary nation and cannot become a mili? tary power Boon enough to play any part in this war.' W? proved that the ory wrong, as you will prove her the? ories regarding the United States wrong. "WTiat wa? it that led Germany into war with the ?I Ited State?? She found ?he could not win on land. It was necessary to try U-boat warfare. 'This,' ?aid the German theorists, 'will defeat England and bring the reign of the Entente to an end. We do not be? lieve the United State? will come in, but if ?he does, she is an unmilitary nation, has no army, cannot create on? for many month?, perhaps years, cer? tainly cannot become a military factor soon enough to play any part in this war.1 "That reasoning sounds unbelievable to u?, but a drowning man clutches at a straw. We believe the German the? orist? will be proved as wrong in their estimates of the United State? aa they were in their estimates of England. First Threw Years' Reeults "You a.?k me what is the outlook at the opening of the fourth year of the war. First, let me give you in epitome the history of the firat three years as I understand it. "The Bnt year, broadly speaking, was an attempt by Germany to put into effect elaborate plans which her mili? tary strategists had been preparing over the space of many long years. The first phase vas a concentrated at? tack on France and Belgium during a certain allotted period of time, in which the German? estimated it would be im? possible for Russia to disturb them in the East. "The attack on France was checked, first on the Marne, later on the Yser and at Ypre.s, although France and Bel? gium suffered *averely in the process. "Germany then, according to her plan, took the defensive on the W.*s* ern fror.t and turned her offensive ef? fort eastward in an effort to knock out Rus?ia. Here again she failed, al? though her attack enormously weak? ened Russia's offensive power. "In the autumn of Ifll Germany definitely abandoned her old pre-war Strategic scheme and started in on a new plan developed since the war be? gan, n.imely, an effort to upbuild 'Mitteleuropa' as a great block com? posed of four so-called Central Power? which would command the road to the East. The autumn campaign of 1S*15 consisted, in e-sence, of the further? ance of this scheme by conquering Serbia, bringing in Bulgaria and halting our 1'ardanelle? effort by rushing munitions, supplies and aol diers to the assistance ?,f tha Turks. Germany at Height In 1915 "By the winter of 1313 Germany had gene a long way toward realization ct h?>r own ambition, and this point represents to my mind the grand climax of Germany'? olfen?ive power. All this time Great I3nta:n ha<i been buildir.i* up armies, and with the be? ginning of 1S"15 we, for the ?irst time, had a real irray in the field. "During the .vhole third ye?r of the war Germany and her allies hav? at? tempted nothing on land. They every? where havo been on the defensiv?. The Turk? lost Bagdad and the Sinai Pen? insula. On Germany's Eastern frontier, although the Russian revolution enor? mously weakened Russia'? military power, Germany was incapable of tak? ing advantage of the situation. On th? Austrian front the Italians got in powerful blow?. In the Weit th? Brit? ish and French ?truck repeatedly, and tha Germans nave been powerleas te answer back. "This ia the pitiful atate t?a which we havo reduced the great power whose whole military gospel ?aa summed up in the phraa? 'vigorous offensive.' Ger? many's military helplessness, owing to th? long strain on her man-power, ma terial and resource?, is ?uch that to? day she barely is able to hang on, and her only hope ia that th? may And some way of hiinilarly wearing u? down and forcing us out of the war before we get up momentum to drive tier back. "At present Germany is banking on the U-boat. She hopes ?gainst hope that the U-bont will reduc? the people of the Entente power? to the same state of want, privation and ?uttering which ahe ha? been enduring for months and year? past. She hope? to make the F.r.tent? people? cry enough and ??tart pence parley? while ?he ?till has got the big pawns with which to bargain at a peace conference."