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first weeks of the war was open to legi?
timate criticism. The ne?v purchasing body will clear away this difficulty, it is expected Aside from effecting a much needed reorganization of the governmental war-busines n-ischincry. it is believed. the new central committee will sim? plify the government's business pro? cedure, eliminating much of the red tupe which now surrounds all govern in enf contracts. Ever since this ????un try entered th? war it ha? been po-nted out that tru? War and Navy depart- ; rr.ents were wrestling with the trc- ' mendous tasks imposed on them with an executive BSaci inery di-signed for | peace-time operation*?. Cc-ordination Lacking There has been in consequenc?? con-1 i-iderable friction and delay and a gen- j eral lack of coordination in the fat" ernment's purchasing. The same condition was express.-**! in ' practically all of the Allied nations during the first few months of the war and eventually solved by concentrating purchasing power in one central body. ' Later, when the Allies began to make large purchases in th? United States, they frequently found they were com-' polled to pay exorbitart prices for ? supplies through their competing in I the American market against one an- j other for the same material*.. This ob? stacle has been overcome now through what virtually amounts to an Allied purchasing commission in the United : States, which bargains collectively and gives priority to the orders of the va? rious Entente nations as necessity de? mands. ' Officials of the Council of National , Defence predict that Chairman Scott of the new Central Purchasing Board will be eminently successful in the larger task the President has now given him. As chairman of the General Munitions Board he has advanced the mobilization ? of the munitions industries of the country at a rate that has won wide commendation from officials of both the War and Navy departments. His work in this connection, it is said, caused Secretary Baker to recommend his pro? motion to the larger work of the War Industries Board. Scott, as Boy of Ten, Began to Pay His Own Way in the World irrem Tlie Trltrun? F>un**u] Washington, July 28.- Frank Augus? tus Scott, chairman of the new War In? dustries Board of the Council of Na? tional Defence, has been serving as chairman cf the General Munitions ? Board of the Council since April 9, ! when the board began its work. Mr. ? Scott is an acknowledged authority on ? the quantity production of muni.ions ' for modern war, and through his work I the General Munitions Board is already ia close touch with the exact munitions ; situation. When Secretary Baker telegraphed | Mr. Scott to come to Washington to as- | tiat the government in the munitions j problem he was serving as vjce-presi- | ?lent, treasurer and manager of the Warner & Swasey Company, of Cleve- j Hnd, a firm which had already made , large quantities, of machine tools, range tinders, gun bights and other munitions ( for the Allies. After a series of conferences on the , question of organising industry to turn out in quantity the vast amounts of small arms, field guns, ammunition, ex? plosives and the many other varied re? quirements of a modern army, Mr. Scott was asked to remain in the capi? tal indefinitely and undertake the work of correlating the needs of the army and the navy and developing sources of supply for the demands of the two in | common. Started as a Newsboy Mr. Scott wsB born in Cleveland, on March 22, 1R73. the son of Robert t'rozier and Sarah Ann (Warr) Scott. His father died when he was ten years old, and since then he has paid his own way in the world. His first job was de? livering newspapers, hi? second carry? ing messages for the Western Union Telegraph Company. Although he worked in the caily morning and late in the afternoon, he continued going to 1 ublic school until he reached the ?ighth grade. From office boy he became a clerk, .??nd eventually a specialist in rates. He went to night school during this .??hole time, and learned Latin, history 7?nd English literature from a tutor at Western Reserve University. His next promotion was to the position of f reicht expert on the standing com? mittee on transportation of the Cleve? land Chamber of Commerce, becoming inter successively assistant secretary and secretary of the committee. Be-comcs Bank Treasurer During his occupancy of this position he became a real factor in the business ??nd professions! life of the community and was active in carrying through many public spirited plans for the de velopmcnt of the city. He lift the Chamber to become secretary and treasurer of the Superior Savings and Trust Company, with which he re? mained three yeart, to assume finally an office in the Warner d- Swnsev Com? pta?. Mr. Scott is a director in the Cleve? land Trust Company, a ?lirector of the Humane Society of Cleveland and treasurer of the Lakeside Hospital and h member of the advisory board of the 4 leveland Technical High School. His chief hobby has been military history. Defence Council Plans New Publicity Policy '?>ni Tli?? Tniu ,- Burn??] ' 1*1 *."*. -A plan for a ?r.al publicity organization hire to supplement the work of the ("re, ! bureau is now under consideration by officials of ?h,. ( ouncil of National De? fence. It is proposed to have a cen? tral publicity committee in Washing? ton directly responsible to Director Gifford of the Council of National De? fence. This committee is to be com? posed of representatives of the pub? licity committees of the several state councils of national defence, as well as several other publicity organizations created to advance various phases of the war programme. Among th? latter organizations men? tioned in this connection are the Board for Historical Service, New York; the New Republic News Service, organized by Willar.l Straight, of New York; the Boston Writers' War Committee and the intelligence committee? of various leading colleges and universities. Publicity Work Hampered For ?ome time there ha? been an impression an ong officials of th?? ?'ouncil of National Defence and rf the ?tato council? that the Committee on Public It formation, of which George Cretl is chief, was not satisfactorily meeting the publicity need? of the govci-nment. While there ha? been little dispoiitior. among these officials to eritici?e adversely the work of the Creel bor-au. n?.verthele*?, it haa been th? opinion that the work of the Com? mittee o?? Public Information wa? con? siderably circumscribed by the preju? dice? that hart developed against it both among numbers of the press and member? of (or gres?. In c->n?equ?*rice, therefore, it i? now tnr plan of official? of the Council of Defence to create a publicity organiza ???hich ?hall have collaborator? in every state and large city in the c>un "k le?? sgent? of th? central commit tee, ?t is said, will adaiit material hav? ing ita origin in Washington to meet the intere?t? of their Iocs! constltu ?reles. A special effort will be made t** reach th? weekly and ??mi-weekly country papers. Food Saving Will Win War, Says Hoover Success of Voluntary Con? servation Points to Vic? tory, He Declares Germany's Record Outdone by U. S. America Has Accomplished in 4 Months What Took Teutons a Year to Do. Washington, July 2f?. America will : win the war, Herbert Hoover declared in a statement to-night, because of her superior resources und through the ability of the American people to organize. The sources, already evident, of the nation's voluntary food con? servation effort.-*, Mr. Hoover said, point to a final victory. "Germany accomplished less in this direction in twelve months," said Mr. Hoover, "than our people have in four. The only need of legislation and authority is to curb those who would profit by this voluntary movement." More than two million women, Mr. Hoover announced, have enrolled as members of the food administration and pledged themselves to follow its directions us to saving food within the j household. Within sixty days, he said, many more millions will have become members. "No one can rightly be gloomy over the outcome for the American people in this war," said Mr. Hoover. "Suc? cess in this war is a question of re-! sources and the will and ability of the people to organize themselves to use them rightly and to endure. Many thinking Americans and the whole world have been watching anxiously the last four months in the fear that democratic America could not organize to meet autocratic Germany. Germany has been confident that it could not be ' done. Proof Im at Hand "Contrary proof is immeditely at our door, and our people have already dem? onstrated their ability to mobilize, or? ganize, endure and prepare voluntarily and efficiently in many directions and upon n mere word of inspiration, aside from the remarkable assemblage of our army and finances. "Wi- entered the war four months ago, and it was announced by the Presi? dent that one of the great problems of the war would be food- that we must prepare to increase and to save our foodstuffs for a year in advance, not only for ourselves, but for our Allies as well. "There has been no consequential na? tional or local legislation, yet the greatest spontaneous volunteer effort ever made in history has not only pro- j vided us with a larger stock of food supply, as a result of patriotic plant? ing in every quarter, but waste is being eliminated out of every crack and cranny of our homes and of our in? dustries, and this is being done with? out compulsion of the law, but by spontaneous effort and self-denial of the people. Promising Outlook "Our present prospects indicate an increase of production of cereals by 160,000,600 bushels, and, although our farmers planted an increased acreage of wheat, the weather has not re? sponded for this product. Literally millions of new gardens have been planted or extended everywhere. We nave the largest supply of Vegetable! hit in our history. "The wolf is at the door of F.urope, and with all these surpluses our stock of foodstuffs would still have been ?oo little for the demand upon us during ? the coming year if our people had not responded to the call for wise OSOi i-ri r-.omv and elimination of waste. T!i> response not only in planting, but also in conservation, has been of such a speataneooe, magnificent order as to givi' confident optimism in the ability of our peoplo to prepare and to pre? serve. Canners Are Ready "Our American canners will this year produce about 1,760,000,000 cans of fruit and vcftetables. Dur government and the Allies will require about 100.? i 06,666 of these cans. The returns ore bave from various state organizations indicate from the results Obtained for the first half of the season that th? American women will preserve 160.? (.,066 jars and cans this year of fruit ;and vegetables, and will thus supply ! any deficiency called for by the armies "The elimination of waste in the j country has been most gratifying. The , best ladea of this sa\ing is in garbage returns from our large cities. WO i have the returns from the month of Jane from cities of a population ?of 16,..(Kin, showing a reduction of their gai huge by 12 per cent under the , month of June last year. "Now that we make a broad survey of the country after four months we find every State spontaneously creating a definite and active food organization, presided over by capable ai d devot? <i n*en and women, who have sacrificed every interest in this national service; v.? find a well-conjidcred and well-de bred organisation of sub-committees in the various phases of food production and conservation, and we see theso re \ duplicated by sub-organization in counties and municipalities. Proof of Democracy "This is the organization of democ? racy, and this is positive proof that ' only upon call of national duty our ? petple will rise, and rise overnight, to . the real defence of their faith. ? have ' ro fear that the superior intelligence ! of our people and their capacity of ' self-denial, their will to persevere, will < not prove a wall against which the 1 Cermans may battle for the next five 1 years if it be necessary. "liven though the situation in Europe ' may be gloomy to-day, no American tv.ho has knowledge of the results al ' ready obtained in every direction need I have one atom of fear that democracy I will not defend itself in these United States." Pershing ?to Inspect U. S. Training Camp Paria, July '?n. Major (?em-nil 1'cr shing will leave Parti by automobile early next week for his first visit to the permanent American training camp sine?' the trooM arrived in France. Me will spend two days at the ramp. The first day he will visit Major Gen? eral Sibert's quarters and on the sec? ond day will make a detailed inspec? tion of the various units. General Per ? liiti* h?a? visited tha French and Brit? ish fronts. Goethals to Resume Road Work in Jersey ______ I Ready, However, for Any Pa? triotic Service, Says For? mer Fleet Manager Sea Girt, X. J., July M, Major Gen ; eral George W. Goethals, who recently lesigned as general 'manager of the I government's Emergency Fleet Cor? j i poration, is now planning to resumo j work as head of the New Jersey Koails ? ( ommission. Adjutant General Charles W. Barber,, representative of the Governor, who talked over the teienliono with General j (iiiethals yesterday, quoted the Panama Caaal builder as saying: "Of course, like all patriotic Ameri-j | cans, I am at the service of the govern? ment in any capacity, but I am arrang I ing now to enter still more actively into the work for N'ew Jersey, and will see Governor Edge, prepared, in adili tion, to be of any other service he de? in connection with the building of tunnels, bridges, port development and other engineering activities." It has been reported that General Goethals might be sent to France to do army engineering work. News of Troops' Landing Discloses Censorship Hitch Washington Requests Se? crecy After Dispatches Are Passed Abroad [Br Th? A??FK~l?te* Pre**] Washington, July M. At 9:40 o'clock I this morning, five hours after its re- ' ceipt, The Associated Press received form the Committee on Public Informa- ! tion n request to "kill" the dispatch from an European port announcing the safe arrival of another contingent of American troops. The Associated Press saw no reason for deleting the dispatch, inasmuch as it disclosed no military information of a character to betray the location or description of the troops, and, further more, because the dispatch had been passed through the official censorship in Europe. The chief censor of the War Depart neat told a representative of The As? sociated Press he was surprised that the dispatch had been passed by the censor abroad, because he supposed an understanding had been reached with the Allied governments as to what character of news respecting American military forces was to be transmitted freely to the United States. The As? sociated Press, too, understood that such an arrancement hail been made. Furthermore, The Associated Press has before it no request from any re? sponsible oPfic.al to submit news of such a character, passed by the censor, to officials in Washington before being distribufcd to its members. On the other hand, the Secretary of War on July 5, in a statement to editors, per? mitted pre*s cables from France to go directly to addressee without reference to Washington, with the stipulation that certain classes of information must not be contained in them. No such prohibited information is con? tained in the dispatch to-day. Since July ? no request has been made to The Associated Press to with? hold or submit dispatches from abroad prior to publication. <>n July 3 the Secretary of War, by official order, arbitrarily took posses i sion of all cable dispatches to news? papers and press associations relating to American troops abroad, and on July 4 and 5 dispatches from France addressed to The Associated Press in New York were diverted to the War Department, without notice, and later delivered to the Washington bureau : with, on one occasion, a request for deletion, which was complied with. Un July 4 Secretary Baker, in New York, said to The Associated Press: "The present arrangement is only a : temporary one and will be maintained only so long as is necessary to per? ica a smooth working plan to handle this matter without imperilling the j lives of American citizens." ?tn July 5, in an official statement, Secretary linker announced: ' "The emergency havmi- passed, the War Department states that press cables from France are airain per? mitted to go directly to addressees With? | out reference to Washington. Thsse , precautions, however, must continue to 1 be observed." Then followed an outline of military information which must not be dis? closed- To-day's dispatch in no way conllicts with that order: The Associated Press had no further communication from the government on the subject until to-day. i It was generally supposed in Wash? ington, and the belief has been shared by many officials. Including the army censor, and presumably the Secretary of War, that an arrangement had been perfected with the censors abroad. To? day's events are the first indication that such is not the caM-. The Washington bureau did not know and does not now know whether the troops refi-rred to landed in Enpland or in France. The Associated Press always has stood ready to cooperate with the government in observing any request in the national interest. The Committee on Public Informa? tion to-day asked that all dispatches relating to troop movements be re , ferred to it for vis?, hu! declined to say whether n representative could be ', reached throughout the night to pass ! upon inquirir?. Kaiser Sends Note of Praise to Troops ,Fiom Galicia Wires Hindenburg Thanks to Western Armies Copenhagen, July 2*. Emncror William, according to a telsrgrara Vom Berlin, has sen* the following meF-sag? i to Fold Marshal von llindenbur?': "from the battlefields of Galicia, .where my troops in an unresting a 1 I vanee have won fresh laurels, I recall with a grateful heart the unfo?-??.?? 1 table deeds of my armies in the West I in repulsing the enemy vith tenacious .perseverance. Above all, I think of the hra\ e troops .n Flanderr, who for ; weeks have been the 'arget of 'he ?most violent artillery ."ire a* i who ; dauntlessly await the futur.-." Sacky, Acctiaed by Wife, Is Discharged by Court Ariherl Saehy, s broker, of Kadgs j wood N. J., who was arrested Monday I on the complaint of hi.? wife, Lillian, 1 on a short affidavit charging suspicion I of grand larceny, was discharged by ; Magistrat" Murphy, in the Tombs court, | yesterday. Investigation has shown ?bat the money invested by Mr Sacky for hi;, wife has braucht good result*. F*.?iy dollar has been accounted for. Seek to Detach Austria From German Union U. S. and Some of Allies Hope in That Way to Shorten the War Italy Favors Big Drive Experts Figure Offensive in Southwest Would Cost at Least 2,000,000 Dead [Frntr. Th?? Trlfcuii? nun-ia! Washington, July 28.?There is ex? cellent reason for believing that Amer? ica und some of the Entente AHi** consider it po.ss.ble to detach Austria Hungary from the Germanic alliance and that their diplomacy is influenced by thut consideration. The view held by them was said in a semi-official quarter to-day to be that the climinaticr. of /\ustria-Hungary would make necessary the abandonment of Germany by Turkey and Bulgaria as well, and leave Germany faced by sure annihil?t!? n, with no alternative but surrender without conditions. There was declared to be another opnion in tne Allied group, represented chiefly by Italy, with considerable French sympathy, tnat the only practi? cable means of inducing or compelling Austria-Hungary to lay dtwn her arms is a succ-ssful military offensive Of Italy. This opinion characterizes ?he opposite belief that Austria can be de? tached through negotiations as being substantiated by nothing more solid than the fabric of drcami. A military ?xpert with diplomatic experience and information said to? day: "Italy has sufficient soldiers, guns and ammunition for maintaining htr lines inviolate, but has neither coal nor iron in sufficient quantities to war? rant the initiation of an offensive, with the assurance ol being able to sustain it, such at would smarh the Austrian defence and crumple up the Austr.i.u lines. Italy Could I?ose Millions "Italy has -?.ono.ooi) fully trsined troops prepared for such an effort. The cost has been calculated, and it is no ? xiigg? ration to state that an offensive on toe sc.-.le tecetaary to force Austria to ask terms WOOld cost Italy I,?V?0,.4 men in killed. This estimate Is not magnified. Tht Mermada alone would cos*. 204,000 men, and not less than 500,000 men wi uld have to be sacri? ficed to capture Trieste. '?Amazing as it seems, Italy can en? gage in this gigantic operation tad sustain these enormous losses with? out any deleterious effect upon her man power. That is easily demon? strated. The birth rate alone is very high, but add to that the return of Kalian ?migrants plus the total pro? hibition of ??ni'gratioii from Italy dur? ing the war, sao it it readily seta that Italy can spare L000,000 men and more in killed ami still bt in as favorable a petition as rtg*ards population a? ?he wn:.< at the commencement of the war. Before tho war emigrants wen? leaving Italy at the rate of 'lU'Vinij I year; the war hat been In progress three years, and darint that timt .HW-?O subject.? who normally would have left the coun? try an? still in it. "Financially, economically, mili? tarily, and even in some ways politi? cally, Austria is entirely dependent upon Germany. Her diplomacy is ?u'o ordinated to German influence? and di? rection. It is, therefore, difficult to conceive of how Autstria might be ! separated from Germany by anything i except the naked necessity impose,' by i military defeat. "It is possible, according to roll able information which has been ?Jts ' closed after discussions among the Al? lie?, for the Austrian lin?-s to be broken. The tusk of breaking them is Italy's. It is the conviction of many ?military minds that the war will not be won within two years on the V'est rrn front, as the present alignment of force? and the prospects held out by the Allies do not promi?e that r.'ces sary preponderance of fore which is essential for an attack upon fortified points. Italian Offensive Needed "An Italian offensive of the propor tions.considered. however, would com? pel Germany to withdraw great nun tier? of troops from the West, and this weakening would favor the efforts of the Anglo-French armies. The possi? bilities of the Italian offensive, are in? dicated by the fact that nt the ores ?;iit time there is not a single Austrian ? soldier, except prisoners, on Itu!i.-?n jsoil; all the Italian fighting is con , ducted upon enemy territory, and the m? *i?ure of advance Italy's armies hava made i? the measure of her resources | for sustaining her offensives. "The two vital needs for the or??n [ sivc proposed are coal and iron. For months pait Italy has been able to obtain them in oniy very limited quan? tities. She is dependent upon America for them. The purchases may be m-"l? in America, but tonnage is denie.!, or rather there i? a competition among the Allied group of belligerents them? selves which imposes great restric? tions upon some of them, inclujin? Italy." ; It was rumored to-day that eart? hed been made by some of the Ent-nte 'powers to per?.iiide the United Stattl to declare a statt of war with Ac*. tria, in order that the earlier dtfttt of Germany might be effected through more hearty a?sistance to Italy on th; part of America in the matter of both sir;).? and money. No confirmatior of tho rumor could b.? obtained in au? thoritative diplomatic and offcial quarters. It was stated, however, that the United States ha? sufficient ton i nage to meet the immediate and vital demands of the war, including I'aly'a requirement?. Germany Promises Pardon to Deserters Text of Decree Recalling Men to the Army HI) TWirr???h t<> The Tribune! Washington. July 28. The text of ? the German imperial decree recalling deserters, as it has nppeared in the i press of Holland, read?; ? "Notice! An imperial decree insures all German dasarton sojourning in for* , ngn countries deferred punishment, ? with prospects of pardon, should their conduct during the further cours?, of the war warrnnt it, in the event that they return to I'.rmany without delay at the latet hy .July 15. 1917. Through this imperial decree the German de , ?Tters are offered an opportunity erf ' returning to the Fatherland under very i favorable conditions. Deaerters re?id I in? in Hotterdarr. or vicinity arc re j quested to apply ?n person to the Im prr?! German Consulate. Nieuwehaven 111, for further information concerning their return to Germany. ftSiaaed) IMPERIAL GERMAN "CONSCLATK" Latin Alliance Now Planned by Italy and France Spain and Rumania, It Is Hoped, Will Also Join in the Union ?Frani The Tribune Hur-?ul | ? Washington, July 28.-A dispatch to the Italian Embassy from Rome re? ceived to-day indicates that whatever differences there may have been re specting the Balkan situation, political i as well as military, were thoroughly, ? composed at "the recent Paris confer? ence. In addition *o the major allied powers, Serbia, Rumania and Greece were represented, and a complete un- . t derstanding was reached. The dispatch stated that the Russian problem had been considered at the , conference, saying: "A part of the conference of Paris ' which has not been sufficiently empha i sized is that the ministers and gen? erals of the Allied countries discussed the necessity of assisting in every pos ' siblo way Premier Kerensky and Gen? eral Brusiloff, who are fighting an? archy and disiirganization in Russia. "The wish expressed by the Russian Provisional Government to hold a new conference for the revision of the war aims of the Allies does not in any way disturb the Allies, who are all fighting, not for imperialistic motives, but for 1 the freedom of the world. Russia must , be helped to overcome her present dan? gers with all the means that her allies can put at her disposal. Latin Alliance Proposed The dispatch stated that there were enthusiastic manifestations of Franco ; Italian cordiality at the conference, the French press emphasizing the impor? tance of the proposed Latin alliance. It continued : "In Italian official circles and the press tae reception accorded to the Ital? ian member... of the conference was hailed as a sure step toward a proposed alliance between the two peoples. A complete understanding already exists between the governmnts. The French press has advanced again the idea of taking advantage of these renewed evi? dences of the profound friendship be? tween France and Italy to suggest, that plans be laid to establish permanently the Latin alliance, which should coop? erate with the Anglo-Saxon and Slavic bloc of nations to prevent any possi? ble aggression and war in the future. "The two countries, says the French press, are now strongly united for a ; common cause: their union must be made permanent, because it represents the natural conclusion of a orother hood of arms, of aims and of ideals. All reciprocal national and colonial in? terest.! have been carefully examined and appreciated. It is quite natural that France and Italy should come to? gether. With them the first nucleus of the Latin alliance is formed. Rumania is likely to be drawn into the combina? tion, and so is Spain, provided the ideas of Count Romanones prevail and Spain . follows the course dictated by racial tendencies and national interests." Still to Occupy Sal?nica A separate meeting was held after the conclusion of the Allies' formal conference by the Dalo-Franco-Englisli delegate* at Paris. The exact terms of the discussions and conclusions are being kept secret, but it was declared authoritatively to-day that these na? tions have not even considered the abandonment of Sal?nica, but will maintain the international army there and the Italian army in Albania. "All that the Allies are trying to do," it was said, "is to harmonize and co? ordinate their actions and efforts in that sector of the war, in Macedonia anil in Albania." It is understood that a new military policy was outlined, but its terms have not been divulged. Whether the Allies contemplate new offensives against either Bulgaria or Turkey in Europe could not be learned, but it was as scrted that a perfect understanding and a common programme have been ar- I rived at by Italy, France and Britain. U. S. Government Warns of Lockjaw In Court Plaster Germs Found in Samples Sub? mitted to Attorney Gen? eral's Office IFrnm The Trthun? Bureau) Washington, July 28.- The Depart? ment of Justice to-day authorized the following statement relative to its in-' vestigation of sales of poison plasters in various sections of the United States: "The Department of Justice, without sharing in any sensational view as to the manner in which sticking plaster or court plaster became infected, states that some of the samples submitted and analyzed have been thereby shown to contain tetanus germs. The public is consequently cautioned against pur? chasing this remedy, except from ap? proved sources, the warning being par? ticularly directed against purchases in small packages from street pedlers and venders. "The samples of sticking plaster mentioned by Secretary of Commerce Redtield under date line of yesterday were received at the department this morning. The samples will be analyzed i immediately." Kansas City, Mo., July 28.?Chemi ical tests of court plaster circulated in rural communities of Kansas by itinerant pedlers show that at least one brand of the plaster contained tetanus bacilli, according to announce? ment to-day by Fred D. Robertson, United States District Attorney for Kansas. Mr. Robertson said tests upon guinea . pigs and other animals showed tetanus bacilli in sufficient quantities to para? lyze a human, but the bacteriologist? were doubtful whether there was enough to cause death. Albany, July 28.--A warning against, , the u ?e of court plaster was issued by the Btate Department of Health to-day i through the .State Defence Council. The council's announcement on the subject follows in part: "Specimens of court plaster sold by I pedlers have been turned over to the j Health Department laboratory for ex? amination. Every effort will be made I to determine whether there are present on the surface of this plaster any tetanus or other organisms likely to cause disease.** Incomes to Pay Most of Increase In War Tax Bill Total Likely to Foot Up $2,000,000,000, Opinion in Congress Kitchin Sees Senators As a Result Bill to Suit Both Houses May Be Drafted at an Early Date Washington, July 28.?The Senate Finance Committee reached a tentative agreement late to-day to revise the present $l,G70,Oi*"0,*400 war tax bill so as to raise at least $l,943,ono,000, the larger part of the increase to come from higher income taxe?. Members of the committee said to? night it is possible the total a? the bill before it gets to the Senate will bo $2,000.000.00'). According t?> the present plan, about $230,000,000 of the increase will be obtained through higher income tax rates, $70.000.000 ! from in.lividual? and the rest from 1 corporations. The committee figured on an increase in the normal rate on individuals of from 2 to 5 per cent and ' on corporations to B per cent. 1 he rest of the increase may be obtained by in? creasing the excess profits ta:< and by consumption taxes on sugar, tea, coffee i and cocoa. __, ._. Under the programme. $l,OG2,iOO,000 I would be the total levy this year upon , incomes. The present law yields $300, 000.000; tho pending hill onginal!y_was designed to increase this by $532,700, , 000 and the $23.000,000 additional it is now proposed to levy would raise it over the billion mark. The Senate Committee will confine its work for the present to the present ? war tax bill and will leave to the House ' the tagk of raising the rest of the $7, 000,000,000 the Administration believes it must have to prosecute the war this year. Majority Leader Kitchin. of the House, was in conference' with the Senate Committee to-day and this de? cision was reached as a result of his contention that the House might resent any Senatorial infringement on its constitutional prerogative of institut? ing revenue legislation. Whether the House will prefer to authorize 7*5,000, 000,000 in bonds ?ir Treasury certificates to supplement the ?"2,000,000,000 the Senate is providing, will not be de? termined until next week. The income ta\ increases proposed, ; Chairman Simmons announced to niu'h*, "n-preser.ts the consensus of the ? committee's opinion. They probably | will stand, as the committee was ready i to vote formally on the upward rtritln i late to-day, but deferred final action 1 until Monday." The doeltioa to-diy to leave to the House, tho task of providing $5.0"-<?,00n, ' OO'i additional, promised greatly to tX I pedite StnatS .'.cti-iii on th<> pending I re.enue bill. Senator Simmons sti?l I the commut?e plans to complete its I revision Tuesday and report the bill to j th.? Senate for beginning of debate the latter part ef next week. Senator Simmons said to-night there i is no immediate necessity for the Scn j ate to consider revenue questions be ; yond the bill. "There is no occasion for immedi? ately providing revenues to meet the - new estimates." Senator Simmons ex ' plained. "There may be no necessity ? of further revenue measures until the ? December session. With the pending ! bill there are ample funds to meet all I calls until December." The committee's agreement to ?n ! crease income taxes by $230,000.000, in increasing the pending tax bill from $1,?"70,000,000 to at least $1,943,000,000, was said to be based upon belief that the bulk of the increase should come from incomes rather than war profits, already heavily taxed in the bill. The committee gave much time to discussing reconsideration of the amendment, already written into the bill, levying a tax of 15 per cent upon corporations' undivided or undistrib? uted surplus. This is known as the amendment of Senator Jones, of Wash? ington, and has been vigorously op? posed by corporations. There was much opposition to changing this sec? tion. Fiske Urges Aircraft War on German Fleet Admiral Tells Opera Crowd Teutons Could Not Answer Battleplane Attack Rear Admiral Bradley A. Fiske, re? tired, spoke last night at Columbia Uni? versity, following the presentation of "Pagliacci" and "Cavalleria Rusticana," which were given under the auspices of the National Special Aid Society, to raise funds for the Red Cross needs of the aviation service. In his address the admiral urged an attack by Allied forces upon the Ger? man fleet, through the use of battle? planes. He explained how impossible, because of mine? and other obstruc? tions, it was for the navies of the two sides to come to blows. "Is it not clear," he asked, "that ?vhut is needed is a kind of craft that can approach the German coast, undeterred by mines? This power is in aircraft only. Aircraft can soar above the mines and attack German battleships, cruisers and submarines by means which they have not yet learned to an? swer." Additional operas will be presented at Columbia on Monday and Tuesday nights this week. U-Boat Base Is Far From Airship Reach [From Tli? Tribu:.? Bureau] Washinjrton, July 2?. A possible ex? planation of the hesitancy of the Brit? ish Admiralty to order naval and air attacks upon the German submarine base at ZttbfUggt cfimes from a mili? tary source in Washington which has confidential information of the govern? ment at its disposal. It is to the effect that the real base of the German sub? marines is not at Zccbrugge itself, but is about thirty miles up the river near the Belgian town of Bruges. There the Germans have constructed immensely strong "dugout?" urMer the banks of the river within which the U-boats can safely hide from dropping bombs and descending monitor shells. Another factor which is probably as potent, if not as romantic, is that the water off /.eebrugge i? extremely ?hal? low, preventing at once the approach of the lare-er naval veasel? and the manoeuvring of the Britieh monitors. Many Canadian Recruits Here [Br T?!??T?J>ri to Tlia? Tribun?) Ottawa, Ont.. July 28. As a result f British recruiting missions in New ork, Chicago, Boston and other United ate? cities, 2.K73 recruit? have re rted in Canada. Workers Wear Masks To Escape Mosquitoes Plague of Pests Causes Mala* rial Colds and Fever? at Kearny, N. J. Kearnj-, N. J., July 28. The winds of the last few days have carried drove? of mosquitoes into Kearr.y from off the meadow lands near by. To-night, de? spite the efforts of local health author? ities to fight the invasion, the number of unwelcome visitors seemingly jumped into the millions and reached plat-ue proportions.. The men on the night shift at the plant of the Arlington com? pany, a da Pont subsidiary, which makes celluloid novelties here, had to wear improvised masks of netting at their work. The mosquitoes havo brought with them an epidemic of malarial colds and fevers. Of a bloodthirsty species never known in Kearny's annals, they pass through the finest wire screens and thrive on oils and favorite mosquito nostrums. To ?ui,\ to his other troubles, Henry Vamerman, Kearny's Health Inspector, has been receiving complaints from the officials of Newark, just across, the Pat saic River, and Jersey City, eight miles away, who say the pests have reached those point?, and declare they are a Kearny product Belgian Minister to Quit Secretary of Foreign Affairs in 111 Health Havre. July 28. An officia! commu? nication issued to-day by the Belgian government says that Baron Beyens, Belgian Minister of Foreign Atfairs. wishes to resign owing to the state of his health. Hii physical condition is such, the statement says, that even a iong leave of absence would be insuffi? cient to reestablish his health, which has been undermined during the two years the minister has held office. To Pay for U-Boat Sinkings Germany Promises Argentina to Respect Vessels Buenos Ayres, July 28.?The Cermar. reply to the Argentine note on the question of the torpedoing of Argen? tine ships, which has just been re? ceived, was taken under advisement to? day of the council of ministers. It is understood that Germany has granted indemnity in the case of those already sunk and promises to respect all Argentine vessels which do not carry contraband of war. Dr. Robie Blake Cornish. Me., July 2?.? Dr. Robie Blak<\ a pioneer electrical inventor, ili?d here yesterday. He was born in Sebago, seventy-nine years ago. Dr. Blake built a telegraph line ISO miles long, from this town to Jackson, N. H , making all the instruments for the service. U. S. War Matera Sent to Germany By South America Dr. Pratt Declare? J^ Control Exports Botrj Is Faulty* That Germany ii still obtainnaU,^ qusntities of foodstuffs and i^2 DSed i;i th.? manufacture of eip!^ from the United State?, and thai T mei;ts are being made to SouthVu" ica and thence to neutrtl i.^?* countries and then into Gcrmtr the opinion expn-sed ve-'-rri.' "M Klvard E. Pratt. recentl/iSS? >* th* tiost of chief of the Bir-I? Foreign and Demesne Commercer? Pratl ... ,.,"?? *K pored the export control inWlft W Ison <.a. Ju .'.,.' p-*% mation prohibit.ng the exporuu^i c? rr-m articles without a Iiee.-i. tf >ew *i0rK exporters who ,n.'s with Dr. Pratt yesterdsy ri?iaS*-1 ent export control plan *va, L:?>?' pesase under the joint m??35 the President, the Exporto S* ( OUPCll. the Exports '.rim,., *?*"* Board the D?parant rf"S3 an) the Division of Export?5 the responsib.llty was d vid?** va, impossible for ?x-orter? 1113 promptly licenses to export ?22 hi? ?rticlcs. The exporter,Pw*" one-rasn control i. ' '*or ? It lias Dr Prstt's mlsm **-'? a H. Borte i? chtarg?A&?O of th.? Export Control Dir ?ff ft be provided with a printT-jH Washington to expedite the or... U of licenses. This wir, nerl*? stalled an,l he apporter^a? they are subject to us?!,,, JaaZL*1** i-tei-? 2f* Pr^?iitf.rmu. is obtaining from this cou'ntr^"' quantities of the commodit.? S she mon nee,-.. He snid Germ,-?? ta.n, 2J per cent of her edibT/? from neutrals. * "**? Dr. Pratt said he had ?etna/ ra? the meat alone .hip-ped to Gems?!! year by neutrals fed the ?1* ?5:7 dlvf rrmany and A?SmS 2.0 days. Tne enemy a|,0 ****** pyrites from the same source ?2 exported 8,0*0,000 tons of lron otVu Germany last year, he said Continuing, Dr. Pratt ? dared e-ert ton of food the United Stat-i iltoi.'J keep from reaching Germany would re suit in taking ten men from th? frwt He estimated that every ten of foosj kept from the foe would alto i&r- til life of at least one American soldier. Dr. Pratt pointed out that thi L'ai??i States could control the exporte bet. ter than the British, as the lat?*- ir? ai ready tied up with agreement- ttsit with neutrals and America'! har.di e*e free. According to an exporter who re? turned from Washington last night, ap plications for licenses to ihip articles included in the list of neiemriei pub? lished on July 23 to Sweden, Norn*, Denmark, SwiUerlsnd sad Holland are being refused. Shipments of coil t* Spain are being held up. I ??Mtmr^-*&. *36* 566 -m sea It't?fafocnux.Mr- ?*6'." ??o *?"-* ?n* Announce?for Monday? animer earaace uaies Of Fashionable Apparel for Town, Country, Mountain and Seashore. Lines to be closed out promptly?regardless of cost Groups are limited?early selection will prove advantageous STREET SUITS SPORTS SUITS SEMI-DRESS SUITS ^ at *18 & *35 Si_MI-UKL?***0 *3?J113 _ . t1_g DRESSY SUITS ) FornMrly to $1" Of ?ilk and clolh- -remaining ?tyle? from regular line? splendid ?clecttooi. - HIGHER-COST SILK SUITS- FORMERLY TO $150-445 AFTERNOON WRAPS I $OC 0 $C(\ EVENING WRAPS ** *--?**> & ?K? PORCH WRAPS | Formerly to $125 HIGHER-COST EVENING WrUPS?FORMERLY TO $165?$75 4 W* A ?GROUP OF IMPORTED WRAPS?FORMERLY TO $350?111* LINEN COATS | $1 C o $9*% STREET COATS at vlO & ?O SPORTS COATS ) Formerly to $55 SHANTUNG COATS SILK & SATIN COATS STREET COATS ) Foi*merIy to $145 at $35 to $55 MORNING DRESSES | $1 O ? $9-5 OUTING FROCKS at MO & ?-* STREET DRESSES | Formerly to $75 A cloung out of diverte line?- broken ?ire? -only one or two of a MMm ?v eluding hand-made ?tyle?. SM.A-RT STREET DRESSES ) ?_ _ _, *-, AFTERNOON GOWNS ' at *45 & 55 DANCE DRESSES [ _ , . $125 MID-SE?ASON GOWNS I Former,y to $1 Late mo?-"-?!? of chi?on. Georgett?* crepe, ?erf-e and ?itk ; including hiiK?-iaa-ie ? Kand-embro:?Jered lingerie ?lyle?. SUMMER BLOUSES \ $g $?7 $JQ Sheer effecti, including hand-made ?lyle? I 7 ' -_ and tunic?. Formerly to $25 FRENCH HAND-MA0E BLOUSES, FORMERLY to $45?$12 50 to ,2' COUNTRY HATS ) SPORTS HATS $C p $1fl STREET HATS *t 3 * 1V SEMI-DRESS HATS