Newspaper Page Text
\Vatch the Calories in Your Food
And Famine Will Take Care of Itself -jcpert Tells How to Get the Greatest Value for the Money, by Buying Ac? cording to Nourishment Contained in All Common Articles. By DR. CHARLES F. BOLDUAM tirKlor "f the Bureau of Public Health ' "ylnes'ion of the Department of Itehh, New York Ott) ? ?.man who had never seen ????lc-or-io'iv once asked what made no. The engineer pigeon English: "Heap ??at man inside drink plenty water. I ?t.-eal; et water, no coal, no workee." ! [ua'.ly true of the human jtchine. Other fueli are substituted ? ijf-oil ?r wood, but they are none the .,? fue' . and some of them are better , It is the object of the j tlgt?nt articlt to differentiate between lite of t'e ordinary foods so that the i I family can be ao iximum food vulues can i minimum of ex- ? of a meal nowa ?n, with tacked on to an .?ted eoet of living, is not so simple ? |t once was, and a great campaign ,f ?jdocsti? ri is new in progress along question of marketing is nrtant one, and frequently jjn of the most nourishing and easily iifiited foo is can be obtained at tnosi Saat' i gurti if exact knowledge of I instituted for the ml* ipreil t0 '?1e c-*-"e la brief, all food matorials may be I into two classes?nu SXe and non-tiutritive. The nutri ? jents may be roughly divid :-t, protein, which includes ?:ous substances, except the utro--fr.o? second, carbohy Rs sugar, starch, cellulose, : fourth, mineral mat 1 fifth, water. eea are necessary ?or.omy. Food is neces mt '. ? I porj - ? te repair the ??e t ? .. s and to furnish energy ? or work. In our subtle c'neini form ??ntireiy aiajr chemical substances, and this sen into consideration, eon tr.inily or unconsciously. Caloric Is Frit of M??asure Tie n-'hods of calculating the en is are strictly scientific, and is the calorie, ? e text of the present article, amount of heat which ne liter of water (slightly sore thsn i? quart) one degree Centi -rrxit. - tista have calculated al soitevir. type of food, and have given ?ire* a v rtsin nui il. of calorics per . * vi ry simple process, I ir.to calories per por rvad. I burned in the mir IXICt are burr.ed in a tit,nnd the resulting products aro the j ??*? car'* 'or. It | Illisible to live entirely on a vege those who affect make large use of two , ?ny com * *-.* ' roncen-! ?rated fo' -amely,' Nature adapts the body ?ery closely to the kind of food habit use.i. In this country meat i large part < f our diet, and .? < nergy com yired with nntior.s which exist princi Hlly upon li rice, although not folio? .a peoples ! hue no cap rk. ovarod that those ; tho lead i ?quire only . heat units? I day. ? er of calories than men, ht the -?it, . with the work n re? turn 2,800 calories, while a seam ? ite'.y **y eft? ileries. A ?il Itgl .. like onlo "???? I bulk. Thus a ptjei of watermelon hta a food value the water and *0a|ai? are of value. ht??? in Food Values Growing rest in the subject of food I Pwit ' concern |__Par . rone so ?* of ca . potato salad, 20 that the portion at ' J calories if :, or i2'J if corned beef aoald be . be or-1 : Health. I American ? ? 7mght ' : i. ?i day, n mit ? "?property" ?aaat '"**** ??? :?: food for u? Bay ?*' n* . t^ht number of cal ; ? mes. 100; sugar, ?? ? . ?? '*'?*.. ?4 betns, 500; ?. 100. ; milk, lutter, |M| ?i in graphi* articles .os are out at y such . ? k-?i red real? ar. I ?si ai a . ? : Spin 1 '?? | 1 I nan? ? rnato. I ?gg? nbintd ?nt Vtmr) ? lab ? ???. teat? ' ! f>ic greasi met _?*%?? tit ? t? llf?', I ' < . i a? *y. I,* -. ui??ia A pictorial food shop. The figures show the value in calories (heat units) for each pound of the different kinds of food. the cut, but 1.370 for rib?" is average; veal is 1,790. leg of lamb is 1,300, and mutton is 1,086. It is possible with the aid of this picture to maiu up a balanced ration which will be not only economical but which is scientifically designed. A low cost balanced ration might be as fol lowsi Steamed rice, raisins, maple ?syrup, whole wheat bread, butter, plass of milk un?i two heaping tablespoonfuls of ice cream. This would give !*3S calo? rics. A high-cost balanced ration which woulii cive 1,165 calories would OOnsfs*i of clam chowder, salmon cro? quettes, bbk?;d sweet potatoes, brea?!, butter, custard pie and coffee. Thi? grains as of protein, against ; amm.es for the low-cost balanced ration. If every one we re alive to the possi? bility of the balanced ration we would have litt!?- fear from a food famine. (Copyright, 1917, Munn A Co.. Inc.) U. S. War Products Worth$350,000,000 Garden Board Says Are you helping your country by sav? ing some of the products of your war in fraila the Na? tional Emergency Food ('arden Com* bington. Ttie commis? sion will semi to ai.>' OBS who K ? at stamp f its canning any charpe. Apples, poars anil quinces may be naethoda. The fltat ru the boiling of the fiuit sections thin -yrup of sogar and ? : of S lemon to two quarts of fruit improves flavor. Boil the sections i nth? ?yrup until tender, fil] jars with fruit and add boiling to overflowing, and seal at once. jar s1 a time, and do ? ik as rapidly as possible. In the second method the fruit is irtared and cored . a? possible with the tops , i. the jars steamed until the fi ; teatler. After steam? ing and boiling sdd hot syrup of heavy d seal at once. I .i seel apple and quince preserves artion of apple? end quince? rr< ? re end steam separately until tender. Boil fruit in h until di-i p red, park in jars and fill with thick boiling syrap, sad seul at aa?eo. The Kational Emergency Food <"om .* th? war prod? | the country w valued at $350,? a result of the nation-wide . .gn conducted in cooperation, and it i? to conserve a:-, much of this food as possible that the canning cam is being conducted. ( Irish Convention Sits in Sight of Dublin Battlefield Redmond Hissed When He Appears?Sinn F?iners Active [R? ("?.hi*, to The Tribun?] Dublin, July 28- -No one knows when the Irish convention will end nor what, it will bring forth. It might last three months or bo wrecked in a week. The Defence of the Realm Act prohibits any reference te its meetings beyond the : official reports, though the secrecy of ; its sessions is in name only. Here is a convention holding sessions ' in Trinity College, a stone's throw ! from St. Stephene Green, where tht I Connteai IfarhieViea und her bead a| rebels fought a year ago, and a little ; further away stand the ruins of Sack I ville Street, lookm? mirrh the game as : thiy di?l the day ihe Sinn F?iners sur rtndtrtd. Here is John Redmond- long? time boss of the Nationalists, and so 1 popular with the masses two or three ;, ars hack that his entry into Dublin ? wat elweya the occasion of a big ; demonstration. But to-day instead of j cheers he is, gritted with hisses and i cries of "Traitor! " Of England's many problems, that of Irtltnd'l future is not the least. But ?aadrad would be ? llhernl esti? mate of the crowd which gathered to ?watch the arrival of the delegated** to the fir.?t session of what muy prove ! the turning peint in the history of Ire? land, while four thousand attended the Cnmgh races, where some ftO.OOO was oiitcd in purses Juring the three i ?ays' meeting. 1 talked with a work I ingman at Ueerty Hall, and ht apeha with pride (.f his part in the r? hellion, his arrest, imprisonment mol i a few days in, He professed total '- ignorance of the convent ion, but final? ly admitted that he had heurd ".?one j thing ?bout an Enadieh convention , hero." That is the attitud?- of the Sinn j Peinera. The Briti h government did tetrythiag aettihlt te croate* a favor . able atmosphere for the convention, ' and then the Sinn F?iners refused to I enter. How big ? be? y they rtpri I I no one cares to ?? ?t?mate, but theil power i?- increasing steadily, and not a single National,st is certain of hit if a general election were to be held. The only flag 1 have seen in Dublin i? a green, yellow and white banner nvcr the httdqnerttrt <>* the Sinn Fein ? candidate for Kilkenny, who is expect? ed to win easily. The Sinn Fein has [ keen, intelligent loaders who know how DAIRY DISHES, with Milk or Cream froaa our Soloctcd Dairies Entile, kbit milk: half (ream,*Oertro; all cream. 16 extra 'J**7> ?-'.'.'"' <:#< Crackers. Soda.'* Milk' or Graham, with Milk 10 I r racKcr?. ouuo, ??-?"-? ? -,-'... in read, White or Graham, with Milk. ?? laked Cereals, with Mllk..i47.?i. ? hredded Wheat, w.th Milk . 3*i?.????? Rice, with Milk or Butter, 10; with Cream, 15 STEAKS. CHOPS. HAM. BACON. Etc. ?Beefsteak ''?*???*?' . ?Sirloin Steak 'irate* .... ?Ter*derlo,in Steak lltON ?Lamb Chops >f.iu %..., ?Ham and Eggs (751) ., ?Bacon and Eggs "7?) ., 40 50 55 40 35 35 Broi ed fViiY ?Fried '1M' or Ham '>o:>... ?Bacon Broiled Corned Beef Hash 'HO) Steamed or Browned In the Pan '?"*'. ?Liver and Bacon *'*?"?'' , 20 ?r> POSITIVELY FRESH EGGS Two Eggs. Bo? Fr??d. Scrawled or Poached. 20 Two Poached Eggs on Toast. ? ? rreamed Eggs on Toast, . M?. I ?r?mbled Eggs and Chipped Beef.?*?.. Two Scramble*! tggs i ** Qnion 0m?|et ^ Plain Omeet .. ?*?. ?Chicken Omelet 1*0. ?Hatr, Omelet n ee.r Cakes Toast or Bread Included with the above Butter Cakes. ^a5pagh<tt) ajnjed with Order. ,llK mSmm* ( '?O''? 8h0Wn " Wf" " Pr"',,' to appeal to the masses with n measures; who are fearless, d and scornful of the .Nationalist.? hostile to England, and who are ing the game of the Union:?' - I y inr aloof from the convention il pectation of downing them later, the men under thirty-fin years, not now Unionist , arc turning in already are Sinn F?iners. After war-ridden London Dabi an oasis. There is no consenptir Irelund, It is the shirkers' pan There are no drinking restriction anxieties over air raidt, no w? trolley conductors; prices arc intin lower, sugar is more plentiful lights bum "brightly at night. Yet England's unrest it ncglii compared with Ireland*!. In Enu there is little danger of an arm?-?l olution. The Provost of Trinity lege, I'r. Ma I,ally, tells me Ireland neret to rich. art i reaped so large a harvest of gold, Pi fore n-i ? high wtgo.-. Food pri?es, have creased, but incomes have d< I even trebled. Meat is from 4 to ? ? a pound cheaper than in Lei den, breed, milk, regeteblea and eggs also sold at lower prices. Sim, 1 pepere, whith arc ?old pabliely, I upon the increase of prims, laagl scorn i ii tha inti conscription, breath?' hoatility to I land, and . lia !? Uk ' raids by propounding BU< h i , "Which ii ': ':? refei to in tht A: ?11 be c pletely dettroytd in a ?lay ?" Call for Repuhli? All this i - in that 1 of tnarehy, but l think that would tht ? rang ? i ? ? ? i ?? i ? I likely to follow Rnnia'i lead, him tht iriahmen htrt art eel war wei tnt i ri publie ? a wea| by which th?y boat to ?.btain a cert objective. '1 i..- t itl i men dtntVl tht Sinn 'Peinen M traitorous extrc i.?t.?, tnd ? " * Bnejand m ? I ?i? i land '? beeo a republic tad allowing tht ins? sitnation to continue, with b?'ing us?m1 when Alws they cry "republicanism,M knowing in lie a red !:ag tO tht Enfli They s,.(. little hop.- .. of a a?iddlt l?iir.K. Hut al! Sinr. Pel ers aro net advocates of a republic ? all of those I have m If England ?hould have a Lahor go cri,ment, which is not bcyonil llbility in the near fu' so-called moderate Sinn ! join tht hulk of their party in t mov tni nt for an Ii; ?i republic. Jttlt n? they are using this slogan as tht ma> mum of their demands, but the] ??*:? loss. ? The populous centres of the norl are doing their bit in furnishing so diers, making munitions and buildir ships. Hut tin? same cannot be mid f? the south. There is no idleness an no republican movement in the norti but there is extreme bitterness towar Sinn F?inism. Ulster expects suppoi ? and m repayment fer tur l?>) hlty during tht war. and she lht needl * BOW. With the power an the preetigt Of the Nationalists rapid! disappearing. Ulster is fated with now foe which she has been unable a vi r to size up. New, take the ( atholic clergy. Fo years they supported the Nationalis movement, but retarded its growth be its compli ; meant th< weakening of their iiower and a de crease m the grants they received fro'i England. To ?luv many young priest openly support tfie Sinn F?iners agi for .? i ib Iblic Religious finimonitv has reached un b? ? I Mble heights in Ireland. For in itanee, tbtn li tht case of a mar killed hy h railway train, when a coro n? r's jury tf til l'i ot? ?tants and su ' Itl ilics was called to the inqtttet, Ir anng it w? developed that th? ter wni a Prottttant The six Protestant jurors found a verdict of accidental death, while the six Catho? lics held out for wilful murder. This MUR? -pint runs through the political lift ?Ottntry. Ireland a* h whole will gi**t ? nee in the prosecution of the war. The big hope is that sue will become ?ess of a drag Tha* It the most that ran bo ex r? sup? porting t).?' Sinn ? ".?i." Iftny ?ay that Gormar fold Ii being lupplied to the rebel?, bol than mum, peep . ?! clare that the Ru*?ian reaction i? dur to German intrigue, and i .tu-., to rec? ognize tl it n .1, . turn? ing all con- ? ? ?king down ail traditions and cu*toan?. Long Island Fire? men Mustering for Home Defence Efficiency Tests for Appara? tus Held on Various Pri? vate Estates Equipment Is Donated Oyster Bay Self-Enlisted Patriots Organizing Guard Unit Oyster Bay, L. I., July 28.?Not con I tea* with doing their bit for their ' country every day and night in time of peace, the volunteer fire organizations of Long I-land are mustering together 1 for homo defence. Out in front of a ?core or more of engine house? iu various villages on the Island these quiet. July evenings the hook and ladder boys are to be ; seen, lined up in military drills. It would have to be a very unpatriotic fire that would come alonar to interrupt them. Firemen are the true prepared? ness pioneers In any case, and these Long Island volunteers are merely ap i plying their usual working principles to the present situation. "The volunteer fire organizations are among the noblest and most patriotic institutions of the island," Howard Smith, commodore of the Oyster Ray Yacht Clob, declared recently. "They are like George Washington? first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of the islanders," remarked another citizen of Ojster Bay. Mueh has been written about the fourteenth-?tory fire-fighters of New York, though not too much; but hardly anything has been said about these self-enlisted patriot? of Lone Island who for years have been giving their time and their services and their cour? age freely in the cause of good eitiren bhip. Their war duties, important as these may turn out to be, cannot equal their unpretentious and unspectacular service in time of peace. They are a constant home defence guard. Oyster Bay has one of the biggest and most interesting fire departments on Long Isfand. Until recently, the summer residents, too, toiled with the others in it? ranks, and the report is that the millionaire firemen were as energetic and as courageous in their work a? any of the others. Now that the department drills the year rouml, they have had to be eliminated from the ranks, but it is still their contribu? tions and their interest that keep the Oyster Bay volunteer fire organization at the head of the list. Colonel Roosevelt is among the citi? zens of Oyster Ray who are extremely proud of their volunteer fire depart? ment. He never tire? of talking of its feats. Among the other friends and sponsors of the department who have fire tests made on their estates and who glory in its efficiency are W. K. Van derbilt, Mortimer L. Schiff, C. K. G. Billings, W, Fmlen Roosevelt, Fred? erick Johnson, Julian Ripley, 0. R- *"oe, R. R. Girnee, T. A. Havemeyer, W. H. Hitchcock, Colgate Hoyt, Robert Bacon, A. EL Smith and J. Stuart Blaekton. The Oyster Bay volunteer fire or? ganization is over thirty-five/years old, and its traditions go in sn unbroken line straight hack to the old bucket brigades. Now it has all the most re? cent equipment of pumping machines, triple pumps and chemical hose, hooks, ladders, and the rest. More than one hundred thoroughly enthusinstlc vol? unteers make up the department, under the leadership of Chief William B. ' Stealman, of the Modern Market, of Oyster May. "To a man they're ready for any ser? vice, whether fire or war," said Chief St? ?man one day this week, while the ?eporter parched on a pickle barrel in ! his store and listened to the martial tales of glorious fire-lighting. "I can call them out at 1 o'clock In the morning, with the weather 12 de? grees below zero, and have them all ' on the scene of the tire within three . minutes after the alarm is given. The alarm is fitted up to ring in the bed j room of each member of either com i pany t-o you see their wive? and fami? lies have to be patriots as well ss themselves. "'?>nr duties extend not only to <>y--ter Bay, but within a radius of ten mile? in all directions. But, for that matter, our men would bs perfectly willing to go ns far a-? Atlanta, Ga., if RacsaaarjT. The eitixet.1 here have been .so generous in giving money to pur? chase the best possible equipmenf' that 4? ?? are naf '.irai !y proud of it, and prouil of being members of the department." There are two companies, the Atlan? tic St"umcr Company and the Oyster ' Hay Fire Company, whose foreman is I James Kelly, ?'hief Stedman's assist? sats are John H. McKetiney and George W. ?Marke. Both companies are subject to call at any time, have daily drills and i occasional test?. The department was called in at the famed F. W. Woolworth tire at Glen CestO, where .'.?'Oil nickels multeal away, among s ?,'ood many more valuable pos? sessions. If the Oyster Bay Fire De? partment had been i'iven the alarm earlier all those nickels, to say nothing of tlie other possession?, would certain? ly have been saved. Another recent triumph of the department was in the lire at Pevine's old store in Syosset, when the Oyster Bay companies travelled a distance of several miles, yet heat the local department on the Tcene by five minutes. There was nlso the Hitchcock fire. when the Oyster Bay hook and ladder lio;,-? ?aveil the barn and the garage, I with only ? mud pond a?, their ammuni I tion; the Maxwell fire, when the water ? force had to come from W. Emlen ' Rooaerelt'l private pond half a mil . th?- recent fire ?t Frederic R. ?oudert's, when the department met the situation with such promptitude that even the family themselves hardly knew that there had been a fire until it was out; and half a dozen other in . stances that Might be quoted to ?how Bcieaey ?f the Oyster B?y volun ir-r-T*, and of their dauntless chief. Praise, however, seems to be the last that they are looking for. Such :. it-, they say, are "all in the day's : werk." "We're just plain citizens, not hero?s." ? hief Stedman said, smiling. "But we're ready to do our part, war or peare. just as every one else 1? at this tin- " In Amitwill?. the preaid?nt ef the village, F. B Powell, openly hails the I The new and the old of Oyster Bay'*) fire-fighting equip? ment. In centre? (bief \V\mst\M9 B* ? Stedman, in the r*? cently teqoir?4. chieCs *waii??n. Amityville Volunteer Fire Department as his right-hand helpers, not only in their own line, but in patriotic" work of all kinds. One?? a week the company drills for home guard, and it holds it? self in nadinetl to be called to home defence at r.ny time. Milford II. Keteham la the chief of the depart? ment and there are three companies, comprising about 100 men -the Amity? ville Hose Company I, the Deuntleil JIo-o Company 1" and the Chemical. HoFe Company S. The equipment, while not nearly so elaborate as that of Oyster Bay, is rtrictly up to date, consisting of a chemical tire engine, a hook and ladder and two automobiles. "We consider that home defence is just as much our duty as putting out ' ?nui 1'aul Bailey, of the Chemi eel Hos" Company ">. "Fighting lires isn't a bed tio? for war, and without throwing any bouquets at our? selves I can safely say that we'll be . there when the war alarm ?in-? us to our posts." The Village Hoard of AmityvilSt, ?emitting II Georgt II. 4'onley, Clm t'^n lagloe, Chariot Gaant und William H. Cha ?i mug in itts com menilation of the I "lent. "New York Buy have a bigger organ? ization thnn our?, but i*'s ?.?? more pa? triotic arnl it's no less afraid of tht? flames," sai?! one of the board mem? bers with ?mphasia. New York and iNew Jersey Horsewomen Exhibit at Long Branch Above__Miss Elinore Jager. Mrs. Louis J. Ehret and Mr. Ehret at the Mon. mouth County Horse Show, at Long Branch, N. J* Below?Misa Bertha Haurk. at the Monmouth County Horse Show, held at Long Branch during the ps?t week aa a Red Cross benefit. ?Photo? Hull. r-. Miss Isabella "e\ arumaker in her ridiog habit* >?.-. ? Monmouth County Show Attracts Society for Annual Competition Polo ponies, iiunters, jumpers, saddle and harncs? horses had th?:ir innings 1 during the last three days at the twenty-fourth annual horse ?how at Long Branch, N. J., when New York and New Jersey society turned oat to see them prance and canter for bine ribbons. Major noward S. B den, of Oceanic, nnd Mrs. Walter H. li.iniey, of Provi? dence, each won a pair of blues at the opening exhibition on Thursday after DooB. Miss Uabella Waaassaktr'i ch. ' mares Kve an.i Snare won the Keginsld C. Vaoderbilt prizes o'v is?? 4 pair of ha.-- 'ding 15.2 hands. Th* other individual win? ners were Charles J Barri?, M.?. Clara S. Pec'.-, Otis W. Pussy Thompson. Miss Alma Wanamaker. J. Campbell Thompson, Frar.K ? ".*r?. Maut Phillips, S. S. Norton and Jaiae. Imhrie. Miss Pussy Thompson, daughter of Lewis S. Thompson, i f Iirook<!a!e Fsnr, a new 1rs. N. F. Brady pn/.e cup for poaies in harne?? class. Among the spectators during the three-dav metetiaf 'l-org? M. Pullman! Mrs. A. N. Ilra.lv. Mr. and Mr?. James C. Braaiy and children, Mr. ar.al Mrs. Nicholas F. liradv, Mr. ?nd Mr?. Carl Tuck?-r. Mr. si.d Mrs. F. P. Garvan, Mr. end Mrs. Wcntw?irth Cru? ger Bacon. Mi. snd M re. J. A. 1'. Rams* dell, Mr. atad Mrs. James Imbrie, M^, and Mrs. William T. Hunter, Mr. ?nd Mrs. William H. Wanamaker, Mr. und Mrs. Jot', r on Seligtnan, Mr. and lit*'. L. A. Dalrymp!? Pereival, Mr. and Mr*. .' S. ? ese . Vr a- i Ml. J .1. l'onehue. Mr. ?nd Mrs. (,. J ra, Mr. netai Mr?. Charles A. Iiaudouine, Mr. and Mrs. A. Lincoln S : Mr?. P. J Casey. Mr. ?nd Mr?. A. J. Davis,, Mr. nr.d Mrs. Henry Siligman, Mr. ?na Mr?. Fred Housm.in. Mr.?nd Mrs. Harry Content. Mr and Mrs. S R, Guggen? heim, Mr. and Mrs. Washington Con? tent, Mr. and Mrs. Walter H. Hanley, 1 .Mr. ?nd Mrs. F. I*. rompkins, Miss Mar ! garet Tonipkins, Major Rnd Mrs. H. p. | Borden, Mr. ?nd Mrs. I. R. Benjamin ?nd Mr. and Mr?. William T. Burke.