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Who Shall Be
Suppressed? ( From "The New Y'ork CalL" July 24) MANY readers of "The Call" have directed our attention to the page that The New Ycrk Trib? une ran last Sunday, in which it was ?stated that "Uncle Sam thinks the So? cialists have gone far enough." The article in question?it covers the entire page?apparently anticipates the coming Suppression of socialist journals, and ?quotes many of them, among others "The Call." It is also illustrated with three cartoons from "The Masses," the centre one of which portrays a number of fat ? capitalists seated around a table, while a Congressman, hat in hand, humbly ap? proaches them and inquires: "Excuse me, ?jentlemcn; where do I come in?" The fat men, representing "hi,*-* business," reply: ?"Run along, now! We got through with you when you declared war for us." This is supposed to be treasonable and ?ditious. Let us assume that it is. Uncle Sam is represented as not going to stasnd for it any longer. Hut, if it is s?ditions there is something more to say on the matter. There are others?not socialists i?who most assuredly merit the sarrrt treatment from Uncle Sam. New, here is something that all' our I cornapondents overlook. Take up that : page of The Tribune, hold it to the light., and look through the centre picture we have described. You will see something then* of exactly the same character as the ; aupposedly seditious picture. Turn the page over and you will notice a fat capi? talist sitting on a skull, under the caption , of. "The Profiteer." It is taken by The Tribune from "The Bystander." a Lon? don publication, and that it is reproduced ?with approval is shown by the quotation Underneath, setting forth what President Wilson had to say to the American, "profiteers." Now, if "The Masses' " car- ! toon is seditious, what shall be said of The tribune's reproduction? The first merely, ?represents capitalists in council dis-. eussing what they intend to do, whereas ; the one The Tribune reprints, with ap-1 proval, depicts the profiteer as actually | having committed murder, and sitting on ' the skull of his victim. We reproduce both of those cartoons ?elsewhere in this issue, and leave it to our readers to decide which of them goes further than Uncle Sam can stand. Our opposition to war is to no small extent on account of these unscrupulous profiteers, who, as The Tribune's cartoon show?, would murder the people for profit. If the war could be conducted without these greedy and conscienceless rascals in aty way whatever profiting by it a con? siderable amount of socialist opposition ?would cither subside or become greatly mitigated. Their suppression would at least have the effect of greatly strength? ening the claim now made that we are in this war to make the world safe for democracy. And it is this very thing, the existence of this abomination, this capi? talistic character of war, that gives point to nine-tenths of the socialist criticism. Now. we put it up to The Tribune to aay which should be suppressed?the so? cialist journals, that excoriate big busi? ness and profit mongering; The Tribune itself, that does the very same thing, even more pointedly, or the profiteers, that both the socialist publications and The Tribune equally condemned? Now, reader, turn over to the pictures we told you of. They were both printed, hack to back, on the same paper page of The Tribune, so that you could actually see the one through the other. We want your opinion about which is deserving of suppression. "Sermons in Freight Cars" I Mm* ? "VEMAND and supply," declares I 1 "The New Republic." "are the twin guardian angels of the competitive economic system." And under the head "Sermons in Freight Cars" this publication observes: "Tnc stated shortage of freight cars is com? pile.) on the basis of the requests for cars. These requests come from shippers who often file duplicate orders, or orders with several different lines to care for the same shipment, knowing thst, on account of the shortage, cars are likely to be refused on one or more of th?- ran ?i "The shipment in question frequently rep-r resents goods not yet on hand, although or? dered by the consumer, for competition lcaa,*? shippers to be forehanded. The order* for goods are often duplicate?, for the scarcity of commodities prompts consumers to order the same materials from several source? at once, hopirif? thus to secure the full amount of their needs. "Therefore the original demand for com? modities is likely to be doubled several times ever before it appears in the freight car sta? tistics. The extrerr... complexity of the situa? tion makes it impossible to estimate at once the discrepancy between actual and apparent shortage, but for all we know three cars may he demanded to move each carload of good*-; and it is certain that cars are furnished where they are less needed, increasing the deficiency elsewhere. "But thu is only the beginning of the con? fusion. Shippers make a practice of taking the.r own tone about loading and unloading, holding cars until they can be loaded accord lag to brands and trade names, and using : them for storage purposes. "(in March 30 there were 89.371 cars stand- ? lag idle all over the country, unavailable on account of just such use. Various economy and efficiency methods in the use of cars and locomotives by the rsilroads themselves , Would, according to estimates of the Special Committee of National Ilefence. increase the available supply, without any outlay of capi? tal, by TTMM c?rn, or 30 per cent of the whole. Rearrangement of assembling yards, : distributing pointu, warehour.es, elevators and terminal facilities woald else go far to de- ' crease the congestion for these matters hsve ? gaati determined not by the cooperativo need] , of the whole, but by the demands of the sev ! eral competitors. "It is on the lack of cooperation among railroads, shippers and consignees that the interstate Commerce Commission, the Co? operative Committee on Transportation and the Car Service Commission have concen? trated their attention. A : ample of what they can do is the pooling arrangement ef? fected among con! operators, railroads, trjine.? and lake eOSOCls whereby coal from the i Lake Frie ports destined for the head of the lckes will be classified and handled so much more efficiently that the eqeirali nt of 52.000 cars will be added to the equipmen*. "Similar arrangements are under negotia? tion elsewhere. The application of regulated priority is relieving th? situation :o rapidly that the June shortage ligares have dropped off to 105.127 ear?. Some now cHr? will, of course, he necessary, but most of them will probably be built according to national needs at restricted prices. "The m?,re! Is el? ai. A fairs eco? nomic system under the cor? ? onipo tition sprawled out into incredible waste. The supply of freight ears. 1f left U) itself, would have met the demand, if at all, only at an enormous cos.t to the public. Now, enforced1 cooperation and regulation under national necessity will squee/e out much of the waste, tend to cut off unwarranted profits, and do its bit to lighten the whole pyramid of high prices under which the pc-apl? are staggering, The twin godhead of D? Band and Supply has ' demonstrate?) its need of ai ?! fr???n a little . human intelligence." Shingles by Parcel Post. A Western lumber company made ex-1 i???ptmnal uso of the parcel pool system , not long ago when it shipped ;i coi BMnt of .'10,000 shingles through the mails. The destination of the shingles fays "Popular Mirhatiios," was tifty-tw.? miles from the shipping point, and the postal thai got were lee than 160. Al? though a shipment of this size is uncom? mon, the parcel post is friquently used in the Western States to send supplies to re? mote places in the st-ick raising country as well ft? to the mines. Politics Hampered the Civil War Draft A GLANCE at the files of The Tril une for September, 1863, disclose the interesting fact that the Civ ] War draft was beclouded by politics? ; condition entirely missing in connectio with the present draft. For example, oi September 2. 18t*.'', The Tribune said edi torially under the heailiru*- "Peace Demo crats and the War": "Special efforts are made by the 'Pcaci Democrats' to bring discredit upon the dial in this city and neighborhood. At a publii meeting recently held in the tti Wt prominent politician told his auditors thn< there was a 'trick in the wheel'; that the of? ficers managed to draw the names of poor men who have not $300. but who were ahle hodied and could not procure exemption papers. "In several wards vigilant committees have been appointed, charged with the duty of re? lieving drafted men at whatever cost and at ill hazards. If the conscript has no family and cannot obtain commutation from the Hoard of Supervisors, his case il man-aged by certain parties so tiiat he may escape on some other pretext. If a man who has voted a dozen years in his district cannot clear himself as an alien he must take a chance on physical disability; and should that fail, it is expected the writ of haheas ?orpu? will be there to save him. "Not a Dollar, Not a Man. To Sustain the War" "These sympathizers with secession are re? luctant to pay MOO to save their friends even. i nd they are bitterly hostile to the plan of furnishing substitutes. Their motto is: 'N'ot a dollar, not a man.'to sustain the war.' Th-* logic of thirty thousand bayonets has con? vinced them that they must in most case pay the money or supply the men. The lat? ter they obstinately refuse to do. and he who furnishes a substitute is in their eyes an offender who commits an unpardonable sin The committees appointed to hinder the prog? ress of the draft are distributed about the, city and the imm?diat, neighborhood; they have their documents and lawyer's writ, so I that when a man is taken by the Provo Marshal they can issue out a writ of habe; corpus, and they expect to ' ties to give him up. "They pretend that the ? * f.nd the supervisors is unfair Bttd ? value now they openly denounce .* Republican measure, adoptad for the purpo? Of removing Democratic voter.? from the cit ii order to obtain the Abolition triumph I the next election. "To-day they will work with all theil because in one or two of the districts th provost marshals intend to commence th ta-k of arresting those who ?my no respec t.? the notifications which have been sent t them. Thus the Copperhead faction are do termined to maintain for this city the bai distinction they have earned for her by mur der and riot of being the only place in th? North where sympathy for Southern traitor1 is strong enough tor persistent effort against the reinforcing of Union soldiers in t! ? Let them be put down with the strOBg hand!' The Copperheads Say The Draft Is a Failure And by consulting The Tribune for Sen tomber 7 of the same year one finds thai politics is generously mixed with the questions of exemptions and the right of suffrage: "The Copperhead journals persist in the work of dofaasiag, ridiculing ami discredit? ing the attempt of the government to re? inforce the I'nion armies by drafting. Here are specimens of their assertion:?: 1. "'New .Jersey, Syracuse, etc.. arc doing better by volunteering than could have bean done by drafting." "We answer the volunteer bragged of ? a direct and palpable result of the dtatt. The efforts instanced to raise volunteers would never have been made hut to avoid the draft, and not one in ten of the-.?? ? volunteers would have been sal is ted Bl all had there been no draft. '_' " 'Trie druflcd did respond.' "We answer, They did. Some are legally exempt, others furnish substitutes; ai fi-rther class pay the $30(1 for exemption: ? ar.d others at once employed methods ? ? | the volunteering that the Co*: l.erheaals proie?; to liki -o well. B.. ail by persona! Thu army ara ? d. ?' The drafted men desert.' But There Are Refutations? .And Spades Are Called Spades "We answer, No; the desertions are nearl ?11 'rom among the volunteers; that i? ?those who have freely bargained for ao muci ubstitutes for ?Iraftc B large class of scoundrel ; who make a business of enlisting for thi ' bounty, obtaining it, and then deserting Of them havi- dune this half a dozet il now shooting t * | irorsl of thil clas* for examples ? ath salutary results. The drafti'd men wh? as for service rarely desert L " " ?*>'? II, at Sail events, the Republican; ? go to the war.' "\v<* nee! thii sssegtloi by fact? thai eaa< ! rot !.. lyed. Consider ths: Severa! have, through the action of Republi? can legislatures allowed their soldiers in ? ??ai the Right |f Suffrage; and they r;.\ e voted accordingly in every instance , largi Republican majority. Their are all recorded in the last Tribune AimanSC, save those cast this year by the '?'. eonsin Midlers, which also showed s .erfte Ki publican majority. "Xow, while the voles of the soldiers have 1 uniform!.- shown a large majority on the . the votei of those staying me have shown a corresponding* Re? publican less, proving 'hut sending soldiers t<i the Held has diminished our relative strength at home. "And, on the ether hand, California and Oregon, which have sent very few soldiers to tlie war, are more distinctly with u= to? day than the) were ?vh?n the war broke out. "Here is proof from three totally inde? pendent quarters 1. iron the vote of the which have HIM the ranks of our armie-; '2, from thst of the state.? which have i.or tilled them to any considerable extent; ?a the vote if the soldiers themseh? - that about three-quarters of the defenders of the Lnion wore drawn from the Repub ranks. How can i*. be gainsayed? W ?The World." 'The Bxptoss' and 'The Albai -' try their skill upon it? "When they have ciphered through, 1 r skill on this: "If the great body of our soldiers are pr Slavery Democrat-:, why is it thai the legi Irtors and governors of that party habi ually oppose the attempts as systematical made by Republicr.ii*- to extend to them tr flight of Suffrage?" There Were Grave Registration Troubles?Misbehaving Figures Apparently those responsible for th Civil War draft encountered dithVulties i a way, a small way, of course, compi'rab! with those encountered to-day. On Se( tomber l, W?, The Tribune describe some of them as follows : "Some singular misproportions occur, whicl evidently arise from the behavior of the poo pie in giving false residences, false name and other misleading information, to the en rolling officers. The lith Ward has but on. drawn te M population, while the 2d War. has one drawn in 11. The 2d. therefore fur nishes four times her proportion; the 6tl gets off with less than half her due. "In tho upper part of the city proportions are more equal. There are material differ ?BCOa in the numbers drawn in proportion to the number of name.? put into the wheel, as for instance: The 1st, 2d, ."'..I. 1th, 5th. ?th and ?*th wards, forming the 4th Congress District, ?Iraf'ed one in ten only from their wheels, while the 12th, 10th and 22d 19th Congress District i drew nearly one in three. The average of the city was one drafted to sis in the wheel. "These discrepancies are les-? when we take into consideration the movements of popu? lation. While the lower wards have de? creased in proportion since 1MO, the upper wards have enormously increased. There are now nearly '.lOn.OOO inhabitants in this city and at least 130.000 voters (over 1241,00(1 were registered two years ago). ?'The terrible draft, about which the Cop? perheads make such an outcry, amounts to about this: Deducting the 30 per cent fo exemptions. 111.772 men are called for-abou cre-seventieth of the people, or one out o 11 voters; t-r about one in 20 of the me aliens included) rea?y able to take th ?eld. "Had this been a Jeff Davis conscriptior from sixteen to sixty, it would have take ; about 33 per cent of the entire male popu ! lation say 150,000 men and boys -exeep those who could prove physical disability no $300 would have saved them, nor woul. any evasion or dodge avail. "The United Sta'es gets less than one-tent* as many, and, with the aid of the supervisors has made the road to exemption so easy tha 1 all talk about the hardships of the draft II nonsense where it is not treason. Another Draft to Drag Out Shirking Republicans "The ?'oppcrheads still harp upon the ridic ulous assumption that the army is compose? mainly of Democrats I though they swear II the next breath that the ?iraft was ordered on purpose to get Democrats i. In eigh' Democratic counties r.anted, including New York and Kings, the Democratic vote fell off only 9,354, while the Republican loss was 16, 768 yet none but Democrats volunteered, of course. In the eight Republican counties named Wadsworth's vote shows a falling off from Lincoln's of 11?,424, while Seymour act. ually gains 323 over Fusion yet none but Democrats went to the war, of course. "In the entire state the Republican loss was ()').740; the Democratic loss was onty .'?.??l yet the Wide-Awakes all shirked, of course, and none but Democrats went into the army. Allowing for the absence of voters trom the state, the poll for Governor was fully equal to that for President; it will not be pretended that any considerable number who voted for Lincoln failed to vote for Wadsworth, and the same on the other side, yet we lost eleven where the Democrats lost one yet none but Democrats went to the war! "Indeed, we fear we must have another draft to drag out those shirking Republicans who are lurking at home to elect Governors while the hard-fisted are all gone to the war!" A Century of Steam Transportation on the Great Lakes The Gradual Modernizing of Transportation Methods Has Revolutionized Traffic on the Inland Seas?How? ever, Sailors Are Still Sailors _/T T HAS been a stirring century, this | century of steam," writes George X W. Stark In "The Outlook." Just 100 years ago, it seems, the first steam propelled vessel was launched on the Great Lakes. And this writer goes on to explain in what manner the century has been momentous: "A century of steam on the great chain of inland waterways has sired cities whose roar? ing furnaces and belching ?tacks have trans? formed the primitive lake country of one hundred years ago into a commercial epic, written in fire and water. That century of steam has seen the rise of a new dynasty of the princes of industry. These are the men who have toiled with hand and brain to get the most of what the Croat Lakes country has to offer. "One hundred years ago one steam-pro? pelled vessel ventured into the broad reaches of Take Ontario. To-day an argosy, the larg? est fleet of freight-carriers in the world, steams in proud procession from Ruffalo to Duluth and back again." Checking Up on the Freight Transportation Mr. Stark reminds the reader that an immense amount of labor has perfore? accompanied this development ?if com? merce. Aside from the production of tonnage, it has been necessary to con? struct locks and droalge almost countless channels. After going into some detail in this connection he turns to the matter of freight : "A vivid reflection of the vast quantities of freight carried over this inland waterway is contained in the latest statistical report of lake commerce passing through the canals at Sault Bte. Marie. This report is for the 10ir> season of ravigation. and was prepared by the 1'nited States Engineering Depart ment. It shows that the total freight traffic through the canals last season was 01 .RKS.210 tons, an increase of 20 per cent, or 20..V?7.!M? tons, for 1015. "Even these ligures fall short of the mark set at Detroit in 101**-. fine of the proud boasts of this remarkable city is that more freightage passes along its river front than at any other point in the world. The I States engineers' report that last season the commerce which passed through the Detroit River is estimated in freight tons at too,'.hit, 270, the estimated ralas of which is fs'iven as llfiS9j9VI 187. "Let it be remembered, too, that the scaron ration on the Great Lakes lasts only through eight month?. "Th???e figures convey an approximate idea of what the Croat Lakes have done and are doing to-day for America." And again : The bulk of lake tonnage consists of iron ore, coal, grain, flour and lumber, with their dacts. Th?? ore trade has boon the mainspring of lake com merco. It originate? on Lake Superior end the northern portion ?1 Lake Michigan, and moves east and south port.? of Lake F.rie, to South Chicago and Gary. This groa? mountain of metallic lock, containing in a singl?' year ell fifty million tons, is moved by a magnificent Heat of carriers. "Ranking second in tonnage on the Great Lakes i.? the roal trade. Of the other bulk cargo? - grain forms the thitd important com? modity.'' The writer finds that the Great Lake IN peculiarly rich in ncoids of -hip wreck. He says: "It is interesting to note that no similai area of any ocean, if suddenly stripped 01 its volume of wntpr, would expose to humar gaze a larger number of sunken ships 01 more valuable cargoes than lie at the bottom of these inland weters. A record kept be? tween the years 187S and 1>*0R reveals the startling fact that in that period (.999 ships were wrecked on the Great Lakes, and 1,093 of these were total losses. The loss of cargo during the score of years was nearly SS.000,000 " And the element of superstition i.s, at this point, touched upon: "Some of these vessels disappeared almost as mysteriously as did the Griffin in the brave old days of exploration. They were never hraral from again. \o wreckage floated ashore. The Great Lakes hid well their se? crets. Navigators of the northern lakes li? lil? that there are portions of Lake Superior where it is impossible to find the bottom. The superstition is that some ships that have gone down at sea are held forever in this unfathomable pit beneath the waters. "Like the sailors of the salt seas, the men who navigate th.> inland waters are a super ' stitious loi Almost every wreck that marks the history of the lakes is the inspiration of ?OSSS weird, fantastic story that by frequent repetition assumes the dignity of truth in the sailor's ready mind. One such superstition that il (irmly rooted in the minds of all Great Lakes navigators concerns the mys? terious wreck of the Bannockburn. "She was a big, powerful freighter, carry? ing a crew of twenty-two men. She cleared 1 Duluth on a day in the late fall. What hap? pened to her will never be known. She went 1 out in the morning, and was last sighted the next evening. That was the end. For more than a year the chill waters of Lake Superior guarded well their secret. Then one day an oar was found floating along the drift? wood of the bleak north shore. A piece of tarpaulin was wrapped securely around it, and when this was removed it was found that the word Bannockburn was scraped into the wood. The oar is all that remains to-day i to tell the story of the missing freighter. "According to the queer twist given the I story by the sailors of the inland seas, the Bannockburn is supposed to be the Flying , Dutchman of the Great Lakes. Sometimes at night, when the chill north wind sweeps across the swollen bosom of Lake Superior and the stinging 'ice devils' fill the air, the lookout on some lonely point calls loudly to his companions and points to where he imagines the Bannockburn, all white with ice and ghastly in the darkness, is slipping through the black mystery of the lake." A Freighter of the Old Days The Great Modern Freighter ?Photos published by courtesy of The Outlook Daylight and Bad Taste S OME of the motion picture prod-w^ are fighting dea'h, others are ??l ing taxes, and all of them arefU, i ing the "More Daylight" movement. D? g?tions of motion picture men have im. neyed to Washington to help ward of _ proposed Federal "daylight" bill. *?V, attitude is disc'osed by "The Ums\. Picture World," which Bvag*, "The members of the *--eiiate and House of Representatives who sr? ?_, ?.ating this measure do not realii?. ??*?.,, ?rill mean to the motion pn-'ure busia?a, It is a menace which is not exceeds?! ?o. by a heavy war tax 'daylight saving* smmu mean the cutting in half of the Tttjm*, from theatres and open-air parks. "In an interview with the Washii).*_ correspondent of 'The Moving Pi??. World' a prominent, nationally know*, hibitor said: "I hone that the exhibit?? of the United State.? ?a ill awaken to ?_ fact that "daylight saving" .s pending-tfca* if the (aider bill is adopted by the S?**.*. or the original Horland bill, or its sak.t tute amended, is pas?c?l by the Hou??, _ one or the other agreed upon by both I will be found that the motion picture bai'. ness will be hampered to an extent ??? ?Ireamed of. Everywhere that they bit? "daylight saving' and motion picture? j will find that the former is aecompli?bii? little, while the latter is losing much." At the same time the picture men an in fear of special taxes on admissions ?r upon total earnings. Rut the bi-****-*-? fight which confronts them, according to Aleister Crowley, is the fight against u tistic degeneration. Mr Crowley m***?, in "Vanity Fair": "It is bad taste and not the world ???? -which is killing the movies. Bad Ui!? in every direction. In the first pi??, ti, wretches in power, when they get a ?*,. fectly competent author say a noveli??. ?? great repute will not trust him at all Tb? great writer's story has always b?*?ri t 'movie on the screen of the author's mind It was complete in every picture, befo--* h? ever put pen to paper. Rut the prodtic ing wretches do not know that. Th??r '? ! not realize that he has done the thinr right. They do not even reali-e this in ta? i case of a famous novel- or play wher? ? i long success has proved it. These pr?. posterous people do not understand that they insult the public and make themseh? ridiculous into the bargain when they offer to 'improve' Victor Hugo, to bring Duress 'up to date,' to put 'punch* into Ibsen, a to 'alter' history a bit in order to (give Joan of Arc an earthly lover" From Japan, from China an?! from Ru? sia come reinforcements to the real art side of motion pictures. A Russian com? pany proposes the filming of the <*th! Russian dramatic piece*.. Of this tarnt ment "The Dramatic Mrrnr" MjrB' "The works of Tolstoy, Dostoivsky. Turgt nieff, Sienkiewici, Pushkin, Ostiaesky and Andrieff in filmed form will soon be a* familiar to the patrons of American motion picture theatres as they are now familiar in book form to the cultured publics of al' the European countries. The Russian Ar* Film Corporation has just started a cam? paign for the popularization Of thes? au? thors in this country. "It is generally acknowledged that th? Slav novelists tower head and shoulder? above any o*her national school of fiction. Great Britain and France alone excepttd Tolstoy has celebrated the g'ories of P.u? sia rolling back the tide of Napoleonic in? vasion; Sienkiewicz, the SSartial grander of antique Poland in age-b.rg wars sM all its neighbor? and with itself. "No one can fail to realize the ?pecUrii lar possibilities of Tolstoy's 'War aid Peace,' or, on the other hand, Sienki??:?'? mighty trilogy, 'With Fire ar?l Sword,' '?'* Delugt' and 'Pan Michael." The Virtues of Cheese AMERICAN cheddar cheese is a most satisfactory substitute for meat and may be made the important protein di?h of a meal, say food spe? cialists of the United .States Department t.f Agriculture. Too many people u.se cheese only as an appetizer. Since it com? pares very favorably with meat in pro j tein content and can be kept and served easily, its wider use is advocated by the department, which, in a report on the ! subject, continues: "Contrary to the opinion of many, Ched? dar or "store" cheese is not usually indi , ga'stible and constipating. Extensive diges ! tion experiments conducted by the depart? ment have demonstrated that more than 95 ! ncr cent of the protein in cheese Is digested 1 and that 00 per cent of its energy is avail I able. Even when eaten in large quantities and for long periods, no case of indigestion, i constipation or other disturbance was ob? served in those who ate it. One person who ate cheese as the chief source of protein and energy, eating an average of 9.27 ounces daily for more than two years, did a fair amount of muscular work and kept in good ! health. "The value of cheese in comparison with some of the common meats is shown in the following tables: "One pound of Amreican cheddar cheese contains as much protein as 1.57 pounds of sirloin steak, 1.35 pounds of round steak, 1.89 pounds of fowl, 1.79 pounds of smoked ham and 1.81 pounds of fresh ham. "To supply energy, also, cheese is one of i the best food products. On the basis of energy supplied one pound of cheese equals 10S pounds of .?irloin steak, 2.61 pounds of round steak, 2.52 pounds of fowl, 1.17 pounds of smoked ham and 1.29 pounds of fresh ham. "Thus it is seen that a pound of cheese supplies more than twice as much energy as a pound of fowl or round steak and almost twice as much protein as the same amount of fowl or ham. "Cheese may be used in many palatable dishes. VS hen grated it may be used in soups or ?*?ith many vegetables. Other foods' | with which cheese is used are macaroni and | cheese, Welsh rabbit, tomato rabbit, bake 1 I rice and chi'cse, baked crackers and cheese,! vegetabl" and cheese rolls, rheete or.?!-". | oatmeal and cheese and ebeesi muah. "Recipes and further information ir? **.?"' in Farmers' Bulletin 487, "?'heese tai M Economical Uses in the Diet," which may I* obtained free on applicat": te 'he Depart ment of Agriculture, Wa-h.rgton, D. C How to Can Sweet Com THE United States Department el Commerce has just issoed the fol? lowing directions d? -'* :' the thrifty housewife ?rho II aaVastmi* conserve summer's supplies for winter? use: Can as soon after the corn il -??there?) *** possible. Remove husks and * ? B'***c by placing in boiling water far See mini?*** Remove and dip quickly into and <??*? *? c*** water. Cut the corn from the c?'o ar.d ** directly into hot jars or cans to *.?. ?.:h?n ?n" fourth inch of the top. Pour in < r.ough bo1*; ing water to fill the container AHH one le-*?1 teaspoonful of salt to each quart rings and caps of jars into po ' on, but not tighten the wire clamps. Seel tin '-*1 completely. , Place containers on a false bottom ? wooden slats or wire mesh in a veal?' water deep enough to cover the contai"*? completely. K*en the water boiling for thre? hours. Remove the jars, tighten covers, 'n jars to test seal, and cool : not m ????? *** jars might crack?. . Tin cans may be placed in cold water rapid cooling. After the containers are cool *A " dark, cool place. Rapid preparation for canning '.< tSM cially desirable for eorn if a good qualn of product is to be obtained. The best 1 suits can be seTiured when one persona to the corn from the cob and another ""* container?. If it ii necessary for one vtr? to work alone sbe should cut off fXi9]e] corn to fill one jar, pour on heillef *"* ^ iidd salt, place the rubbers and c?p"flt| position, and put the jar or container ' hot water at once. The extra cookinf* ? * will be given to the cana first filled will ^ be injurious and a better product *>' secured than if the cut corn were *>*? to stand until all jan were filled.