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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, July 29, 1917, Image 8

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Lafayette Flyers Angry at
U. S. for Treatment in War
Veterans Resent Demand That They Serve Under
American Officer? Who Have Never Been Under
Fire?Prefer to Remain Under French Flag
[ComtIiM. HIT. by Th. Tribun? AsaMcl.lioo)
There has been great object
;imong tho members of the Ameri
aviation squadron with the Fre
army, known as the Lafayette es
drille, to changing from the French
the American service on account of
treatment they so long received fr
the American government, which v
continued in what was to the aviat<
an even more objectionable form af
America intervened in the war.
It was a difficult thing to persus
the American aviators that they ou?
to fly for this country. As recently
the middle of June a majority of t
member? of the Lafayette escadri
were against changing their unifom
and they demanded considerable co
cessions before th. American arr
could eet them.
Up to the moment this country we
into the war there wa3 only one mer
bar of the Lafayette escadrille who Wl
offcially recognized at the Amend
Embassy in Paris as being a living hi
man being. This was Lieutenant Wil
iam Thaw, who owed the fact that 1
was officially known to exist to h
brother, Benjamin Thaw, an under se.
retary at the embassy. Lieutenai
Thaw could drive up openly to the en
bassy in his automobile and go in an
out without fear. Some of the oth?
flier? could visit their friends in th
embassy- men who were willing to tak
a chance?but officially they had no ex?
Coldly Received at
American Embassy
The same thing was true of all Amer
icans in service in any branch of th
French armies. Foreign legionnaire
used to be hugely disappointed on goini
to the embassy with the Idea that the:
were going to get In touch with thei
own country, only to find themselve
received in the coldest possible manne:
and be told that America had no inter
est in them and did not recognize thei:
existence. Exigencies of the diplomatii
situation were the official reason foi
this treatment, but that was no salve tc
the feelings of the outcasts.
There was great bitterness among al'
the American? in the French armies
and this was more true of the aviator:
than of any other branch of the ser?
vice. When America went into thewai
and the question of taking over th?
Lafayette escadrille was mooted, the
large majority of the aviators were
forcible in their declarations that they
would never fly under the American
At the embassy, of course, they at
once became once more living persona.
One heard of "our brave fliers"?their
rames were looked up so that they
could be spoken of in familiar terras.
It was "our boys at the front.
All this was a huge joke to the avia?
tors, as was Secretary Lansing's mes?
sage to the escadrille, sent soon after
the American intervention.
"Fine lot of bunk," the aviators said.
"Wc have been dead for two years and
a half, and now we suddenly become
heroes. Great stuff!"
Then came the proposition for them
to go into American uniforma and fly
under the American flag.
"This," ?aid the aviators, "is a very
cheap way for America to acquire glory
and efficiency at the expense of the
French government. France has spent
just about $1,000,000 in teaching us to
fly and ?upplying us with machines to
fly in. We have been flying at the
front; we have made a certain reoord
for ability, energy and efficiency, readi
nea? and even anxiety to fight, and now
America, which has refused for more
than two years to recognize us, would
take all this over from France for
nothing. We are French ?oldier? and
we will remain French."
A ?mall delegation from the e?ca
drille went to the embassy, however, t
find out on what terms they were t
be taken into the American service.
"You will go in with the same ran
that you hold in the French army," the
were told.
Only one of the Americans, Lieutei
ant Thaw, held a commission in th
French army. The other America
aviators were sergeants and corporals
"Ace Lufbery Would Be
Under a Fledgling
"This mean?,** said the aviators, "ths
such a man as Lufbery, the onl
American 'ace,' a man who has hrough
down ten Germans, will have to g
into the American service a? a 'not:
com' and be under the command of
fledgling who has never seen a battle
field, much less flown over the line?, o
been in a fight in the air.
"Is that what you call a squar
deal?" they asked.
America was inflexible. They mus
enter tho American service with thei
rank la the French army.
"Don't you take into account our ex
perience?" the aviators asked. "Di
you think that men who have don.
their flying at Fort Meyer or Mineoli
are competent to teach us anything?"
"If we do consent to fly under thi
American flag," they said, "we mus
be commissioned officers."
It could not be done, could not evei
be considered. They must be 'non
corns" in the American army. So the?,
?aid unanimously that they would re
main in the French army.
Another thing they wanted to knov
about was what machines they woul
use under the American flag. Havini
had experience in the air, they wouk
not consent to go up to tight in a ma
chine that would make only eight?,
miles an hour, while the German;
would be in machines that would g<
nearly twice as fast. The best in
formation they could get was that the?,
would have to use American machine
and they were unanimous in their con
demnation of American machines.
"There are two ways to solve thi
American aeroplane problem," an of?
ficial of the Ministry of Munitions said
to me. "Your trouble is chiefly with
your engines. You don't make an en?
gine that will do the work and stand
the strain. If it will do the work, M
can't stand the strain. If it will stand
the strain, it can't do the work.
Urged French Experts
Be Sent to America
"The best solution is either to send
American mechanics to France to work
in the French aeroplane factories and
help us turn out our machines more
rapidly, or to send French experts to
America to teach you to make engines.
I think the best way would be to send
the French experts to America, because
you have the opportunity to establish
so many new aeroplane factories there,
and the production could be so much
more largely increased, if you could
make a satisfactory machine in
But the net result was that the
American aviators in France would not
fly under the American flag. Many
stories were sent out from Paris that
the members of the Lafayette esca?
drille were in American uniform, that
they were flying under the American
flag, that they nad the American flag
painted on the sides of their machines.
Littlo Genet, a splendid boy, was said
to be the first one killed under the
Stars and Stripes.
The stories were mistaken, Genet
died in the French uniform and in the
French service. The Lafayette esca?
drille continued to fly under the French
flag and its members were French sol?
diers. The two problems of the ma?
chine and commissions had to be
solved, and the members of the La?
fayette escadrille were practically a
unit that they would only go into the
American army as commissioned of?
"France can turn the escadrille over
to the uss of the American army,"
they said, "but we will remain French
soldier?, flying under the French flag,
loaned to America. We will not bo
forced into the American uniform. For
two years America refused to recognize
our existence. We were told that we
had forfeited our citizenship by en?
listing in the French army and we can?
not be driven into the American army
now on tho plea that we are American
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???.Tilma?? sees Mala Ceaaeet? mil WS?SSStSsate I s | ,? ?
tt0**r^r'?l?**Biti?Tlffla?va. ?~
A?'ove is shown a company of
cadets after a month's stay at Peeks
kill. They are headed by Captain
Lyons. Below is Colonel Chapin,
commander of the encampment.
Miss Curtis Weds
W. H. Woolverton
Boston Girl Married to Member
of ?Squadron A
Boston, July 28.?Miss Frances Cur?
tis, daughter of Nelson Curtis, of Ja?
maica Plain, was married this afternoon
to William Henderson Woolverton at
St. John's Episcopal Church, in Ja?
maica Flain. The bridegroom is a son
of Mrs. Woolverton and the late Will?
iam II. Woolverton, of .New York.
Since his graduation from Yale, in
1913, Mr. Woolverton has been in war
service and, with other Americans, has
won the Croix de Guerre for notable
service In France. He is now a mem?
ber of Siniadron A in New York.
Dean Rousmaniero of St. Paul's
Cathedral officiated, assisted by tho
Rev. Thomas C. Campbell, rector of St.
. John's Church.
The bride was given in marriage by
hr-r father. The matron of honnr win
Mrs. Gladys Osgood. Hugh Harbison,
of the ?tth Company at Plattsburs, was
best man.
Brooklyn Men Indorse
Mitchel and Fusion
Y. M. C. A. Secretary Praises
Mayor's Record; Borough
President Pounds Approved
Charles Dietrich, secretary of the
I Central Young Men's Christian Asso?
ciation of Brooklyn; William G. Mor
rissey, a real estate man, and George
i Dressier, president of the Wallabout
Market Merchants' Association, joined
other Brooklyn men yesterday in in?
dorsing Fusion and the renomination of
i Mayor Mitchel. Mr. Dietrich left yes
{ terday for Spartansburg, N. C, where
? he will have charge of Bed Cross work
? in connection with the training camp
there. He will be back, however, to get
into the Fusion campaign.
"A better Mayor could hardly be
chosen," said Mr. Dietrich, "and a great
deal worse Mayor might be forced on
us through mistakingly nominating a
separate Republican ticket and giving
Tammany an easy victory."
Mr. Morrissey, who, as he says, has
been a Democrat all his life, and ex?
pects to die a Democrat, admires Mayor
Mitchel because he never shirks a hir;ht.
Mr. Dressier, speaking for sentiment
around the Wallabout Market, said he
and his associates look upon the record
and the outlook of Fusion as certain to
bring victory. Mr. Dressier and Mr.
Dietrich also praised the work of Bor?
ough President Pounds of Brooklyn.
Osborne Is Prison Warden
Former Sing Sing Head
Named by Daniels
(Kram Th. Tribune rairrarj]
Washington, July 28. - Thomas Mott
Osborne, former warden of Sing Sing,
has been made warden of the Ports?
mouth naval prison, with the rank of
lieutenant commander in the navy,
Secretary Daniels announced to-dav.
Mr. Daniels ?aid Mr. Osborne would
attempt to work out several reforms
which he had suggested and which
have the department's approval. These
suggestions were made following an
inspection of the Portsmouth prison
by Mr. Osborne at the request of the
Secretary, during which Mr. Osborne
lived tho life of one of the prisoners
for several days.
Among the criticisms made of Ports?
mouth prison by Mr. Osborne, Mr.
Daniels said, were that there were too
many guards, that the men were not
given enough opportunity for study
and that they were kept in the houso
too much.
Drugs Seized on Border
Ogdensburg, N. Y.. July 2f?. Nearly
$10,000 worth of habit-forming drug?,
' ?aid to be the largest Federal seizure
in years, 100 pounds in all, alleged to
: have been smuggled across the Cana?
dian border into the Unite?, States,
?were confiscated yesterday by Cnited
States customs officers at St. Kegi?,
| N. Y., it became known to-day. Two
? alleged ?muggier?, C. W. Mullane and
' Tons rabatte, wars errsststl.
1,800 Boys/Green'4 Weeks Ago,
Break Camp as Finished Cadets
Students of State March Away From Peekskill to Entrain
for Homes After Month of Training l~hat Included
Nearly All the Rigors of Army Life
I na . Staff Cr.FTr?.y-r.*-nt of Th* Tribune.]
Peekskill, N. Y., July 28.-Three long
columns of sturdy, sun-browned boys
marched away yesterday from the old
stete guard camping grounds near thn
town to entrain for home. Their de?
parture brought to a close the first
summer camp organized by the Mili?
tary Training Commission.
It was four weeks ago that the boys,
1,800 strong, mobilized for the first
, time on the high plateau nestling
among tho hills of the Hudson high?
lands. They came from every section
of the state, from city, town and coun?
try, recommended by the principals of
the schools they attend. Their ages
ranged from sixteen to nineteen years,
and except for the comparatively few
of their number who had been to mili?
tary academies they were npw to a sol?
dier's training and discipline.
Camp Was Experiment
Frankly, 'he camp was an experi?
ment. Never before in this country
had so many' boys of their ages given
up the comfort? of their home? to
enter a regiment subjected to nearly
all the rigors of army life. Trench
digfilg <'>nd other tasks equally
hard were believed by the camp's offi?
cers to be beyond the strength of some
of the boys, tfnd therefore were not
attempted, but in all other respects the
' programme mapped out for them each
day was as strenuous as that of a sol?
dier's life is likely to b".
Even when the sun beat down hotly
on the piateau there was little let-up
in the work. At other times, when it
mined, an attempt was made by the
? officers to abandon drill because some
| of the boys had with them only few
changes of clothing, and it was felt
that a wetting might subject them to
I unnscessary risks of illness. But the
hoys insisted that they could drill in
the rain as in the sunshine, and drill
they did without harm resulting.
The health of the camp was remark?
ably good in the opinion of the officers.
Few cases of illness wero reported and
no more serious accidents than bruises
or sprained ankles or wrists occurred.
Camp Was Big Success
The officers were drawn from the
1 National Guard. They were few at
first for a regiment of 1,800 boys, and
! when camp opened they undertook with
i considerable trepidation the task be
I fore them. Yet despite the lack of pre
; vious military training undergone by
: tIjc*ir charges the officers believe the
' camp was unquestionably a success.
"The boys have measured up to
! every situation which has Brisen," Col
| cnel William Henry Chapin, their com
, mander in chief, said on the eve of the
? camp's closing. "I cannot say too
; much in their praise. They came hero
i utterly unprepared and we had few
officers for the first week, yet a great
deal has been accomplished."
Captain .1. Wesley Lyon, of the 71st
i New York Infantry, and commander of
' Company A at the boys' camp, praised
the spirit displayed and dwelt on tho
i fact that the hoys were not there to bo
] made into soldiers.
"We wish to train each boy to take
i care of himself through life," Captain
? Lyon said, "though at the same time
. he has learned here the rudiments of
j ?soldiering.''
State Senator George A. Slater pro
I nosed the bill which established the
\ Military Training Commission and so
made possible the camp, which, it is
expected, will be followed by camps for
even larger numbers of boys in sum?
mers to come.
Travelling Expenses Paid
The boys had their travelling ex?
penses paid and food furnished with
! out expense from an appropriation by
] the Legislature. Th?>y were required
? to furnish only their uniforms and
i other clothing. Each was supplied by
I the state with a tent, a cot, two blan
j kets, a wash basin and a mess kit. In
I addition there was one water pail for
I each two boys.
Only one requirement?a rifle?re?
mained, and the hearts of these sol
? dier-like campers were made glad when
I 1,800 Krag-Jorgensens were secured
for their use.
When the boys, about 800 of whom
? came from greater New York, arrived
I at the camn on June 30 460 white can
| vas tents had been put up by Guards
j men for them. The 1st and 2d battal?
ions occupied the centre of the big
; drill ground, while the 3d battalion's
! tents were at the edge of a wood 200
yards away. Organization into com?
panies was rapid. The twelve com
? panies of cadets, as the boy? were
called, were supplemented by an ad?
vance c?as? of 100 men, all school
teachers interested especially in physi?
cal training.
Boya Bad Housekeeper?
The hoys came "green" in more ways
- than one, according to their officers.
j They were reraarltably "green" in
: matters of housekeeping. They would
1 ?weep out all the visible parts of their
tent floors for instance, yet apparently
j never think of looking for accumulated
I iubbish beneath their cot?. They had
: to be taught to remove their cots into
the open air each day.
At first, too, unused to military dia
! cipline and the hour-fifteen minute?
j before six?at which a soldier'? day
| begins, a considerable number of the
! cadets were prone to oversleep the
! awakening bugle calls. But this fail?
ing in military perfection soon passed
The first fifteen minjt.es of the day
were devoted to r.trcnuous physical ex?
ercises, followed by health talks. After
breakfast came guard mount and then
military drill from 9 o'clock to 11. If
tactical work waa the order of the day
it would continue until the dinner hour.
The afternoon, from 2 until 5, was
given over to sports and physical train?
ing. The d.iily evening parade was
held at 5:30. Motion pictures or lect?
ures filled the evenings until "taps," at
9:"-!0. Religious services for all creeds
and denominations represented at the
camp were held on Sundays at Chapel
Bluff, a high point near the parade
ground and overlooking the Hudson.
Boys Disciplined ()?*?-*? Conduct
Results of the careful drilling were
seen one evening after three weeks of
work, when "asjemhly" was sounded
without warning, while the hoys were
scattered, seeking their own amuse?
ment, in every part of the camp. With?
in five minutes the companies had
formed in their camp streets, and with?
in ten minutes the entire regiment was
in line on the drill field.
The officers were particularly encour?
aged by the hoys' efforts to discipline
their own conduct. As an instance of
this it was cited that Company A
formed a "Clean Speech Society" with?
in twenty-four hours after the com?
pany whs orgmized, and as the days
went by the society increase in influ?
On the Screen
Emily Stevens in "The Slack?
er" Arouses Patriotism
at Private Showing
"Age cannot wither nor custom stale
her infinite variety." Shakespeare must
have had Emily Stevens in mind when
ho wrote the foregoing, although, of
course, the first part of it is necessarily
suppositional; the last part refers to
Miss Stevens's performance in "Thc>
Slacker,'E' which was presented at the
Strand Theatre Friday before an in?
vited audience.
Miss Stevens's metho.Is are all
wrong. She works too fast; she usos
her hands; she turns her back to the
spectators; she wears long clinging
?owns; she smiles infrequently; ?he
lacks repression; she has no repose;
she cries real ttars and washes off all
of her make-up, and because of these
tilings she is magnificent.
Her performance in this, her first
picture for the Metro, will mark her
as one of the loremost emotional ac?
tresses of the ??creen. Indeed, it is
doubtful if thero is any one else who
could have given such an interpreta?
tion of Margaret Christy as Miss Ste?
vens gave. Nothing finer ever has been
seen on the screen than the last seine
with the "slacker," who has volun?
teered and has come to say "Goodby"
to his young wife before his regiment
marches away to the trenches.
Some one has been agitating 'No
more close-ups," but close-ups of Emily
Stevens are wonderful character stud?
ies. Every lino in her face means
something, and even if she could not
act she would be a decided relief to
the softened, expressionless rotundity
which the current fashion in film ac?
tresses gives to the screen.
And now as to "The Slacker." It Is
a good play and an interesting one, be?
cause every one who is not a slacker
is filled with a wild desire to get out
i and exterminate the Prussians. The
theatre rang with applause and every
one stood up at the slightest provoca?
tion and, figuratively ?peaking, waved
a flag. There may have been some
slackers who entered the doors of the
Strand Theatre on Friday, but surely
none went out.
The story tells of Margaret Christy,
I who has been engaged for two years to
; Robert Wallace. This part was played
; by Walter Miller, who really looks as
! though six months in a training camp
, would do him good. He was admirably
l cast for the part of the slacker. Rob
i ert is too lazy to set a date for the
i wedding, and every one, including Mar
, garet, wonders when he is going to ask
her to namo the day.
S There is another man, John Harding,
| who is not n slacker in anything. He,
j too, loves Margaret, as who wouldn't:
! But she, woman-like, prefers the easy
, going, vacillating Robert, and so when
he reads that only single men will be
, drafted into the army, and he rushes
to Margaret with a plea for an imme
i diate marriage, she gladly consents.
After this, Robert makes himself ob?
noxious to every one save Margaret
' He insults his brother, who is wearing
the uniform of a "common sailor," ana
; tries to talk peace at any price to any
one who will listen. But one day Rob
1 ert sees a German workman grab a
flag from a little girl and, throwing it
on the ground, trample on it. Thon
what does Robert do? Why, he does
! just what every one in the theatre
| ?onged *o do. He licks the man to a
standstill and makes him salute the
flag, and then rushes to the netrett
recruiting ?tation to enlist.
The greatest applause of the day
came when Charles Fang, Rob-rt's
Chinese valet, ?aid: "Me 'list, too; me
givce German hellee," and when ?n
American-born German boy went to th?
recruiting station and said, "I wai a
German, but now I want to give my
life for the country which has given
me a home.**
Every one's emotions were very near
the surface, ?nd Miss Stevens', sur?
mise was correct when she said that
she was afraid the people would font
out of the theatre on a sea of tl elr
own tears. They very nearly did lus*
A word of advice to slackers. If
ou wish to remain a slacker don't go
o see "The Slacker." For not only
ill you no longer have the coursg, of
r conviction?, but you'll find that
u haven't try convie _ont, H. U,
Miss Florance Hall Colgate
Bride of Major Edwin
St. John Greble
Mise Florence Hall Colgate, daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert Colgate, of 306
West Seventy-sixth Street, was mar?
ried to Major Edwin St. John Greble,
[jr., son of Brigadier General Edwin
St. John Greble, L*. S. A., yesterday
I evening in the Rutgers Presbyterian
I Church. The church was decorated
i with pink and while lilios, ferns and
' palms. The Rev. Henry Bradford
? Wushburn, of Cambridge, Mass., an
! uncle of the bride, assisted by the Rev.
! Henry Russell, pastor of tho church,
! performed the ceremony, which was
followed by a small reception at the
home of Mr. and Mrs. Colgate.
The bride, who was given away by
| her father, wore a gown of white satin,
embroidered in pearls, and a tulle veil.
, Miss Grace Hall Colgate was her sis
i ter's ma.'d 0f honor, and the other at
I tendants were Mrs. Stanley Madox
. Rumbough, another sister; Miss Mil?
dred Greble, sister of the bridegroom,
i and four cousins of the bride, Miss
j Mabel Ha'.l Colgate, Miss Muriel Gal
, gate, Miss Margaret Colgate and Miss
Catherine Hall. Tho maid of hoffor
was dress;d in yellow taffeta, with hat
to match, and she carried a bouquet of
yellow orchids. The other attendants
were in rainbow colors of brocaded
satin and net and they carried bou
: quets of pale blue larkspur and pink
loses. Little Elizabeth Colgate Rum
bough, in a frock of white organdie,
was the flower girl, and two little cou?
sins of the bride, Hcr.ry Bradford
Washburn, jr., and Sherwood Lamed
Wasttburn, in white sailor suits, acted
as pages.
Dr. William L. Estes, jr., of Bethle?
hem, Penn., was best man, and the ush?
ers were Captain Thomas W. Hollyday,
Captain Everett F. Hughes, Major Ar?
thur EL Carter, Major Stanley M. Rum
bough and Lieutenant Frederick H.
Major Greble is a member of the 2d
Field Artillery of Pennsylvania, and
; he and his bride will start this week
for camp.
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Rowband Fra
| zier, of 49 Washington Avenue, New
Rochelle, announce the marriage of
their niece, Miss Madeleine Morrison,
to Joseph I. Girardi yesterday at noon.
i The bride was attended by her cousin,
? Mrs. Russell A. Turner. The ceremony
was performed in the rectory of St.
Patrick's Cathedral, tho Rev. Monsig
: nor Lavelle officiating, after which a
I luncheon was served to about thirty
guests at the Hotel Astor.
Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Jacobus Shel
1 don, of >20.'J Kidge Boulevard, announce
the engagement of their daughter, Mis-4
i Florence Macflregor Sheldon, to
! Charles Fleischmann, son of Mr. and
'Mrs. Julius Fleischmann, of Cincinnati
! and New York. Miss Sheldon made her
| debut two seasons ago, and has just
?completed a Red Cross nursing course
i at the Brooklyn Hospital. Mr. Fleisch
mann is with the hydro-aeroplane c *rp3
I at Bay Shore.
The engagement is announced of Miss
Adelaide S. Hawley, daughter of the
late Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Smith Hawley,
of this city," to Wtlter H. Funk?, of
Flushing. Mr. Funke is a member of
i the Naval Reserve.
Announcement hat been made by
j Mrs. James W. Monteith, of this city
and Greenwich, Conn., of the engage* i
ment of her daughter, Miss Helen G. j
Monteith, to John T. Rowland, son of
? George C. Rowland, of Greenwich. Mr.
, Rowland was graduated from Yale in j
1911, ..nd until recently was a member
I of Squadron A. He now belongs to the
Officers' Reserve Corps.
The marriage of Miss Marjorie Whit-'
' ney, daughter of Mr, and Mr?. Charles
1 L. A. Whitney, of Albany, to Thomas B.
Wheeler will take place on Saturday,
' August 18, at the country place of Mr.
and Mrs. Whitney, Wyebrook Farm,
! Loudonville. N. Y. Miss Whitney is a
, granddaughter of L. H. Nilcs, of this
' city.
What promises to be an interesting
charity social event of the Jersey coast
? is the conceit and garden f?te to be
I given by Mr. and Mrs. William P.
Ahnelt on Saturday evening, August 11,
at A'inelt Hall, their country place nt
Deai, N. J. The entire proceeds are to
be turned over to the local Red Cross
' chapter.
Members of the Metropolitan Oper*
' Company, and stars of the legitimate,
\ musical comedy, concert and vaudeville
?ti'ges will take part in a proirraTVjic
, which is to be given indoors, and latei
1 there will be dnncing on the lawn.
Among the patronesses are Mrs. Ed
i win Vogel, Mr?. Henry Ittleson, Mrs.
Walter Lewisohn, Mrs. Paul Block, Mrs.
Herbert Strauss, Mrs. Martin Be^k,
Mrs. Harrjt Angelo and Mrs. James B.
; Regan.
The marriage of Miss Mary Con?
stance ?Wilson, eldest, daughter of Mr.
i and Mrs. Michael Lambert Wilson, of
? Bronxville, to Henry E. Knox, eldest
; son of Mr. and Mrs. R. B. Knox, of
Richmond, Va., will be celebrated at
? Christ Church. Bronxville, on Monday,
nt 6:30 p. m. Mr. Knox Is a member of
the United States Naval Rese?e and
has been called to the colors.
Dime a Week Left
For Working Girls,
Miss Dreier Finds
Average Woman's Wage in State
$7, Says Suffrage Leader
Ten cents a week for spending money
is the allotment made to the average
working girl in New York State by Miss
Mary Dreier, in a letter written yes?
terday to labor leaders and factory
men, over the signature of the Indus?
trial Section of the New York State
Woman Suffrage party.
The average working girl in this
state receives between $<*? and $7 a
; week," writes Miss Dreier. "What
does $4* buy? One-half a furnished
room, $1.50; breakfasts and dinner?,
I $2.10; lunches, 70 cents; carfare, 4*0
cents; clot'ies, at $52 a year, $1. Ten
cents balance must meet all other ex?
penses, doctors' and dentists' bill?,
reading matter, stamps, church dues,
outings and other amusements. After
saving for one year, the amount would
be $5.20, but most women don't work
fifty-two weeks. In seasonal trades
they work often less than forty weeks i
Americans to Speak at Ottawa
[Uy T?*>jraph to The Tribune]
Ottawa, July 28.--Prominent Ameri?
cans will ?peak at the general confer?
ence of Unitarian and other Chrir-tian
churches at Montreal September 25 to
28. They will include ex-President
, Taft, Charles W. Eliot, of Harvard;
; Frederick Almy, of Buffalo; Thomas
I Mott Osborne, the Rev. John Holmes,
! the Rev. William L. Sullivan and Pro?
fessor Harry A. Overstreet. all of New
-? ^--q
Michaelis Changes
Name to Woodbridge
To "Escape Infamy"
Merchant Hopes German Co*?.
nomen and All It Represents
Will Vanish From Earth
'I do not want to perpetuate a ^^
that to-day stands for all that is BNt
German and, therefore, to-day mo?t?k.
So says plain American G-or?
Woodbridge, who until this week ou
| George Vail Shepard Michaeli?, 2
, who is still, despite the eradicatiors **?
. the flavor of German Chsnc?llo-?l-aa?
. from his name, secretary of the B?n
\ Products Company, 90 West E'a*?*
? Street.
With the hearty hope that the -,?*,
' of Michaelis and all that it ?tandi f,,
| soon will vanish from the earth Mr
j Woodbridge, through the aid of th,
j Supreme Court, ha? done hi? bit'to?.
? ard that end by eradicating it tttti
j one family and taking his mother*,
i maiden name instead. Hi? two ??..
! are now known as Henry Sew?H ?f-.-.^j
i bridge and George WoodSridge ?r
"My former name," ?ay? Ut.V?m*
, bridge in a formal statement ??Z
to explain his action, "is borne hy th.
German Chancellor, that uncompress
:ng protagonist of that devil ,Jj
that modern Germany and tWi-tW?
century Germans have taken as ikSJ
1 own, displacing the creed that the G?7
mans of Martin Luther ?nd LfreZ
I Loyola alike accepted. The itardiS
ot Satan and the Hun has been ?Z
I against the standard of the Cross *\?
i the Crusader and any compromis, i,
? thought, word or deed, or even ?iltiea
. has become impossible. Willineli u
j bear a name that stands for wh?tth?
i words 'German' and 'Georg Michaeli?
; have come to stand for. would bTk
take sides with Germany and Dr Gtea
Michaelis and one would better ?
than do that." m
Mr Woodhridge then recite? M
length tho indictments handed us In
j civilization against the Germani u?
! Germany as further reasons for is.
change of name.
"In abandoning my father's naatf
i he says, "which h? and his father*)?,
with honor in wartime service f,r
America, I have loss regret when I r?.
call that my father never used Germ?,
in his own horn?. ;md that not on? of
his children speak it, and only on,-?a
even rea?! It; and that merely ?s i re?
sult of a college course and not br
choice or desire.
"To-day one cannot be 'Gern?-,.
American.' In choosing sides for mi.
self and my minor sons, I prefer that
we shall be Americans and follower?
; | as best we may i of the Christ, rather
than twentieth century Gernuni and
| disciples of the devil."
Dr. Harry Wallace Haskell
Dr. Harry Wallace Haskell, ? prom!
r.ent Brooklyn surgeon, who was forced
by a nervous breakdown to give up hit
practice eighteen months ago, died yes
terday at the home of his sister, Ma
Lawrence Barnum, of 345 West Eight?.
eighth Street.
Dr. Haskell for yesrs msintsined u
office at &*>2 Bedford Avenue, *nd h?
was on the staff of several Brooklyn
hospitals. From the tint? ot his col
lapse he had slowly lost strength.
He was brrn in fopshim, Mi., flfty
two years ago, bat had Uv*d in Btooa
lyn almost ail his lite. H? wa? a
graduate of New York UnWsrslty and
the College of Physician? and Sor?
geon?, l?e leave? a wife.
. i?
mtii^k :.k^
"Garbage pails are a source of
infection and should be disin?
fected regularly."
??Dr. Woods Hutchmsoru
You always need, and especially dur?
ing these hot days, a powerful, econom?
ical and safe disinfectant to keep disease
away from your home.
All first class grocers and druggists
have or can get for you
War Department, U. S. Government,
has ordered a large quantity of Chlorin?
ated Lime from us to protect the health
of our boys in ?camps and trenches.
The Board of Health of New York,
Boston and many other cities recommend
Chlorinated Lime as an effective and
economical disinfectant.
*fUways fresh and strong.
Large 12 ounce can 15c. Refuse
substitutes which may be stale
and worthless. Write for booklet.
130 Broadway. New York City
a^t-blubed 1?70 Tactory. ?-Uktny. N. Y.

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