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First to Last the Truth: Newa-Edltoriala? Advertisements \ -er of tha Audlt Bureau of Clmi'.atlona. ttM'MMUY, AIT.rST 1. 1917 I t Tn? Tnbuna Aavvlaltrm. a <*1^ Rfld Pr?*l'!?.t. fl Vm?f IVsr-^ Vi <? !- ? W? ' ' ???*"?: 1 A I I ?? 1M N<*"U N,? \ v l ?.?? ?-. Baataua MSt SrBBO.riTlON HATES -1U MU1. Poatag. Paid. out >kjaaBe Waa v-:k Dallj and B?l '.J. 1 m- I fl Pally nr.ly. 1 mocUJ.... .t M tnm fSS'mUlj or.ly. ? ttonthn . . 3 00 Dally and .-.- day. l yar ? M Dallj only. 1 >*??.? ?? Kuiu-.ay Saaalaj aaaj i >?r. - Foainr.N aajna camapiaji rates DAltT AM> SCXDAT DAM aVITD ItJirOlT. On* .1. . II M f>? BNBtt .? ?'? ,, . .- a ?: Oaa >'ar ??? s vv ...m.v PAU.T ovavr. au ajaaU ? ..aSSIOaa momb. -w Oi? y?*r . ??* Ona y*ar.? W ,,A)IY <.M.1 M NUAT ONI.T. ajaa taa LSSh.?' . .?? ot* )?r.15 3? Oaa roai.* 5' Ei,!rred at tha MaSBB at MBB Tnrk u Harond Hw , Mall Ma-vr 1 r?n pun-t.a*. marchar.dlaa BtNltBei la THE ( TUBrM . r tf OBaathtaitlaB raBBBj ,., , v , : miaran'.aaa to pay your money pon raqnaal No rad taf* MO ou!M>iu.g. Wa inaka r th? advart'.aar doaa not. _ Another Anniversary Thrce years tfO to-day Germany de-1 olared war upon Russia and by this dec? laration unchaincd the whirlwind which has ever since, with steadily growinp; t'ury, heaten upon the world. And now as the fourth year of the atrujrplc opcns, despite all the chanp-es certain thinps remain as they were. The, ifsue that was joined on that day hetween the German people and mankind rcmains exactly what it was in that hour. In the three yenrs that have passed the i sjfcek depth and breadth of the German spirit has heen disclosed. The nation that affirmed there was no law but its own law, no right but that which was established by its own nrms and founded upon its self ifh interest?, has marched from crime to crime lopically, inexorably, until "German" has hecome a term of reproach all over the world nnd those of German nationality are descrtbed and regarded as Huns and as Boches. A gu!f has opened between the German people and the rest of the world that we ourselves are only beginning to be con scious of; a gulf which will remain for ycars. brinpinp the weight of shame, of loathing, of detestation long after the guilty have passed from the scene. And to-day the indictment is worth re vicwing tot those who would answer the question of why the United States is at war with the German people and why it must continue at war until all that the German people to-day represent is crushed utterly and unmistakably. When German troops invaded Belgium they attacked the whole body of interna tional law, which was the safeguard of the weak apainst the strong?the slow gain of civilization in centuries of strife. If this German act could stand, then an end would have been made to all law except that which recognizes only strength and crowns the brute master of all. But the invasion of Belgium was only an impersonal act. When to the invasion of the frontiers there was added the hor ror of the German march?when women were raped, children murdered, innocent old men slauchtered?not for deeds com mitted in defence of home or honor, but tolely that the agony of the few mipht ter tify the many and fear conquer where the tword could not reach?there was added a ?upreme crime to the list of those few ternble deeds which live aa landmarks in human infamy. And after the invasion of Belgium, afttr the shambles of Louvaln, there were added the crimes in Northem France. Nothing that the wild Indian had done in a forest, nothing that the savage of the African jungle had done as the oxpression of his innate :>arbari?m, was Jeft undone by German ofleojl ar.d roldiers; and there were other dee ' which hitherto were only believed possible for the beasts themselvea. But th:s was only a beginning. There ?fter we had the German airship mas aacrinjr the women and children in re inote and undefended Enplish towns. We bad the poison fraa launched by the troopa ?arho had failed to conquer with all the learalixed weapona of war. And then came the Lusitania, with ita hundrods of women and children of neu tral and belHjrerent nationality?Ameri , can women and children amona; them? tent to their frraves by Geraian officera and aailors. No crime of which modern 1 hiatory privea us a record rompares with i tbia in essential brutality, yet it waa but a loev*l exU-nsion of the German idea, * applauHcd by Germans of every rank, sta tion, aex. Sinct that timo ws have had a full meaaure of horrora. The Beljrian people wh^> had sjrvived the terrors of the in vasion were driven into bondage aa Afri ?an slave raidera once drove their caravana ef unfortunatea. For neither sex, condi tion, aire waa there pity in the German S hoart or merry in the German nature. And, at last, we, too, in America are at war with tbia German thinjr-with thia :an p^ri1 whirh m*nare1' wr in",itu ti',r,a, trur livea, the honor crf our women, the safety of cnr civilization. We are at j war with it because not to fight it ia to he j killed by it?not to resiat it is to permit it to extend its foul and fatal dominion over all the world and to repeat in America the crimes of Belgium and France. And on this, the opening of the fourth year of the struggle, it is for us, for all of us, as Americans, as the inheritors of a I noble tradition and a hrave past, to dedi cate ourselves to the cause which is our cause?the cause of all men who lov lib? erty, humanity, the law. It is for us to dedicate ourselves to the great service of: mankind, which is the destruction of this German threat. For if it is established in fact that the German can murder, rape, mass\cre in Tlelgium and France with impunity, then there is no safety elsewhere in the world from German violence. There are no fron tiers, boundaries, races, when one people proclaims it as its own right to kill, plun der, conquer whenever it has a weapon in its hands and a lust in its heart. It is idle to talk of peace, to argue about provinres, frontiers, colonies, while the German maintains his right to seize what he desires?to kill whom and when he pleases ard to abrogate every law, human or divine, which in'-rferes with his appe tite or his lust. And since this is true, let us recognize the fact?let us give of our lives and of f ur treasure, as we must, recognizing that we fight simply and singly that German spirit, which is essential barbarism, that German idea which is nothing more norless than the assertion of force as the supreme will and law in human existence. If we knew defeat were certain, yet we could not choose but to fight this German thing?for while it prevailed lifo would be without value. But to-day, as the fourth year of the struggle opens, we see clearly we have but to persist to win, endure to have done for all time, for our own time pnd our children's time, with the spirit which is responsible for the destruction of Belgium, for the Lusitania Massacre, with the spirit which has turned half Europe into a desert, and now, while Belgian slave gangs are still driven under the lash and German shells are falling upon Rheims Cathedral, seeks to bargain with the civil ized world for a portion of what it has won by defying every law of civilization and of humanity. The German has openly, loudly, widely proclaimed that Corsica has conquered Gallilee?that the doctrine of Napoleon has prevailed over that of Christ. This ls ihe German spirit, this is the German idea. and its works have been written in blood for all men to see and to know. With this doctrine we Americans cannot compro misc. While the Germans hold it the war must go on. Food Control at Albany The chief task of the extra session of 1 the Leg.slature is to pass a helpful food control bill. We are soon to have a Fed eral food control law. Under that law the Federal government will try to suppress food speculation and artificial price fixing . by the great monopolies which now domi nate the food market. It will proceed against so-called boards of trade, which are little else than agencies of extortion, created for tho purpose of manipulating food quotations. It will seek to hold ln hand the great diftributers, who have reased to be middlemen in the true eco nomic sense and have become plunderers of both the producer and the consumer. A man like Herbert C. Hoover may do wonders in the national field, where he has the opportunity to apply the knife to the talsa economic growths which have de stroyed normal relations between the pro? ducer ind the consumer and have made the middleman, properly their agent and servant, mBSter of both. But there is still a field of food control left to tho states. The Federal government will deal chiefiy ffttl the big agencies operating in inter atate commerce. The state must supple ment that work by ngulating intrastate distnbution and diaciplining retail dealers who, in imitation of the wholesalers, have wandered far from the true theory of their calling. Many of the little dealers are as bold in their conscienceless profitcerinp as the big ories are. Governor Edge's rccent report on retail food prices in New Jersey showed that retailers are not above trying to col lect 100, 200 and 300 per cent profits on a quick turn in perishable foods. And ln ' most atates the local machinery of distri bution has broken down far enough to ailow such rapacity to go almost unnoticed. Our local problem is to put the retailers back in their place as uscful go-between.?. If that ia impossible, meana must be taken to aupplant thpse unworthy servants. The power of the state is about the only , power in aight atrong enough to break monopolistic control in food distribuHnn. | Take tho milk aituation, for instance. j There is no competition in this business, ' and the sole jud?e of the righteousness of j a milk prire is the distributing monopoly. I Up to within a year it fixed pricea for the 1 farmer aa well as for the city buyer. Sell !ng prices have been raiaed repeatedly ln reoent yeara. But the rompanies them ?elvea admit that until this year they never thought it worth while to eliminate the enormoua losa due to non-return of bottles. On? eor.ctm reported a loss in lr?l<5 from thia aource of $500,000. How ls such an r.ppreasive monopoly to be amashed except by state interference? The I.fgislatur* ia always slow t/i lireak with old economic notiona. But the neres aitiea of war have made ?uch a break in evitable. The Federal government has takcn over plenary power to regulate pro duction and distribution. The state must take over similar power. There should be no prof'teering in food while the war lasts. If there is no other way out, the state and the city must become distributers of food. displacinp the greedy middlemen. Will the Lepislature measure up to its opportunity and duty? Who are poing to be the Reeds, Gores and Hardwicks in the situation at Albany? Men's Summer Clothes Two or three days like yesterday make many converts to the sub-tropical theory of clothes. The fewer the better?an an gelic or semi-angelic apparition of white-! ness without and only a clear conscience! within?that is a programme which re joices the hcart of the city man when the mercury stands at 07 dogrees at the bot-1 tom of his steamir sunless canyons. But is it foasibl .' Will Wt ever come to it? The navy oDkcn have oboHthod the ; starched attadiable collars. Many ordi-l r.ary mortals have taken to soft collars and sofl raffa, Mool of ns would like to dis eard eoats in the dog days, just as the ] Scandinavian pentleman who walks Fifth Avenue discards his coat even in the teeth i of winter's hlasis. Why do we lack the; courage to he coinfortable? Maybe we tfaink we don't lack it. But then we re-! member the dismnl failure of the once j famous Mshiftwaists for men" crusade. Men are still slaves to convention. They tchiovt freedom slowly. The New Yorker of thirty years apo wore a waistcoat all j summer?a white or fancy colofod waist coat. He also wore a stitT-bosomed white shirt. Outdoor life has cured ut of those1 abominations. But for the majority the \ revolution has stovpod short at a neplige j shirt and a belt. Will we ever become really suMropical in our dogday apparel? It is doubtful. We can change our clothes to some extent | while Bifioi sizzles. But we cannotchanpe OVf climate. Any minute an east wind , may sct in, brinpinp a chill from off tho Newfoundland Banks. Then the Palm Beach suit and the Filipino plad raps p>it as down-hearted as a friendless wayfaior three thousand miles from home. We ht ? e j taupht ourselves to believe that in the long ? mn New York is a peerless summer resort. Wt stick to our faith, even thouph we suffer for it. Perhaps that is really why we shall never be willinp to barter away that satisfying convictiort for the casual comforts of the suh-tropical wardrobe. "In Justice to Humanity" The president of the Non-Smokers' Pro-; tective League of America has been slow to wake up to the dangers that threaten rur troops abroad. Perhaps he thoupht li hopeless to arpue with the army or to at tcmpt to persuade Conpress of the neces sity of prohibitinp the use of tobacco; but really by now the habit has made so much headway among the soldiers that it is to j be feared his patriotic petition to the Pres ident comes too late. It is a very eloquent and le.irne 1 peti? tion, showinp that "the afety of the indi vidual and the victorious culmination of a j miphty strupple for the supremr.cy of vital principles demand the abolition of a practice that lessens muscular strengih 44 per cent (Lombard); lessens mental pctivity 13 per cent (Bush); exerts a spe cially tieleterious influence on the heart. . . . not infrequently causinp sudden dcath (Davis)," and i? productive of sun dry other dreadful evils unsuspected by the ordinary man who smokes. But the really interestinp part of Dr. Peasc's appeal it his plan for reclniming the lands laid waste by the tobacco grow ers, who, he thinks, should be treated as invaders and presumably driven out at the point of the bayonet. Dr. Pease WOODt like anything to see such -juantities of weed, "which constitutes as serious a loss Of foodstuffs as thouph a like quantity ? were destroyed hy an alien enemy, and in , justice to humanity, no distinction should be made." Incidentally, he has extended his activi ' ties to the climination of other evils. "The American Red Cross," he complains, "is sending out tobacco in the comfort kits. Also a package of chocolate is included, whlcfa I refer to, in that the Kaiser pro Mbtted the further use of chocolate and ! cocoa in the German army because of the harm resulting therefrom." In this, bow-l ' ever, Dr. Pease takes the Kaiser too se- \ riously. It must not be forgotten that the , fox in ^Esop rejected the grapes because of the harm resulting therefrom. But though his appeal will probably fall ! cn deaf ears, we are deeply indebted to Dr. Pease for what is duly certified as "a true : copy of the oripinal." Had it been offered without the certiftcate it would undoubt i edly have been rejected at once on ac ' count of the chocolate clause as a palpahle forgery by that impudent deceiver An nette Hazelton. The Over-Advertised Colonial (From The London J/ornlip Poaf) Coming along a dusty French road in n j motor car I was delighterf to give a Cana : ditn offlcer a llft. He had been in most of I the "shows," had Etarted as a private ind WOt now a captain. He was of the ripht mettlc, full of cournge and determinatior. to 1 drive the Boche back to his lair. I comrdi i mented him on the gallantry which he anl his countrymen had shown during the wnr. |".Sir," he said to me. much to my surprigp, "why will you always treat us as children* ! Wc have done well. I don't deny It, but jeverybody has done well. Your Tommy is I tho flnest rightcr on God's earth. Ian't he golng to gct any of the credit? Fm sick to death of the praise that is plastered all over us. We have done our duty to the be?t of our ability. but we don't deserve one word more of praise than your fine fiirhtlng men." This sentiment, on in'iuiry. I fo'ir 1 to be, cornmon to all th?> colonial forees. One diftjnguishcd Austrulian offtrer said that he had come to hate the word "Any.ar." "We fdme into the war of our own aecord to hrat the (Jermnn. We don't wm.t to he tffttod ns though we shoul.l givr up the fight un! si we were mjntioned every day." ^ "Let My People Go" Appeal for the Freedom of Sundry Races Under German Control To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Two strong motives, one of duty and one of self-preservation, impel ua and every other democratic and hence peace loving nation to iBOiki on the freeing of ; the subject races, Slavs and Latins. from' Teutonie and Magyar domination, aa, one of the essential conditions of peace. The history of Chriatian evolution ia the hiRtory of the liberation of the weak from J e>:ploitation and gpoliation by the strong. j To hold a people under the oppression of an | alien and unsympathetic race is unworthy ; of to-day's civilization. But to hold it un- . der tho hecl.s of thoae as cruel, as brutal : and as treacherous as the Prui^ianized j Teutons prove trumsclves is a crime that i eries out to Heaven for redress. We IB- , joiced when Greece freed herself from the Turk, and some of us even shed our bloocl j to help her. We would fain see Armenia ; free. In what respec; have the Teutons in : Belgium akoWB Uioauolvoa better bond naatara than the Turks? How much less ( cruol have they been, how much le.ss brutal, |l opprOflOrVB, less unscrupulous in sac rificing every right of the victim to the plcBgurc, the prolit, aye, the lust of the: victor? At the green table we shall have a chance ? to insist that the thirty-thr'e mill'.on cor- j quered aliens in Alsace, I.orraine, Poland, i Bohemia, Transylvania and tha BalkBB S'.av ?tatoi shall be freed. To us as a Christian, a civilized, yes, even a decent country it j Will be a duty to use this chance, all the more because the evident asccndancy of Germany over Aaatria-HaBgary iItoo ororj rOBOOa to fenr that such slight elemenry as the BaBOBBrfa have ahown thoil con quered alien peoples will be rep'.aced by a brutal hondagc such as Germany has always i OXOTClatd OTOI the Poles. If hivmg tho ! power to cauae the freeing of thoao bound ? peoples we fail to OXOli it, WO consint with the bondmasters and sharo thoil dlaffrBCB. This liberation is no less clearly to our ] interest, for only through it can we hope to prevent Germany from l.mnc'.ing ? BOW avid : far more terrible war at her convenience, and meanwhil* keeping the reRt of the , world bowed under an intolerable burden in preparing for it. What mado Gcrmany's chance of conquering the EatOBtO great enough to warrant ri-king tho poaaJty of failurc was her control, dircctly and through Aus*ria-Hungary, of these IhlrtJT-throo nnll ion aliens, of whom she could add tho hest to her army and use the rest so aa to fn e a vast number of Teutons for military pur poses, thus grratly iBetBBtiBg her strength. To leave these peoples unfreed la U perpet- ( uate this increment and the resultant Teuton peril. Because most of them liate their op- , ptrotaora unquenchably, to free them and to protect them during their devrlopment would bo to add them to the strength of their natural allies, the Entente. Thus the Iosb of this atolen strength would so far weaken Germany relativoly to the Entente that it would prohably detor her from attcmptlng world COBOJBOOt again, and would certainly lighten enorrnously mankind's burden of military preparation against her. To retain these old tkofta, BTOO were all the land and goods stolcn in the present war returned, would put Germany Ia a po>ition to continue the predatory enre-r of quick conquest and assimilation by which Praaaia has riaoa ao marveiiously, to ropoat this war with better chance of winning for miracles like the Marne do not repeat them selvcs. That continuation would BOOfl giv? her such strength that the rest of the worh would be impotent, so that she could seiz l what she wanted and levy on the rest such tax*ia as she ploaood, What hcyond German imrcy would then stand between us and such treatment M Belgium, Poland, Serbia, and Armenia have received? As the richest, . why should not we te the most attractive next victim? Thus the freeing of the subject races of the Central Empires ia the only po-sibl> meuns of restraining Germany. Mere break up of her alliance with Austria-Hungary counts for nauglit, because it can be renewed at v.ill. As we" ask a band of assassins to disband. Even the democratization of Germany and the dethronement of the Hohenzollcrns would be no safeguard, for however foreign to the true nature of the Teutona their pres. nt savagery, faithlooaBOflB, and lust for world rule may be, however fully it may be profof able to tho atroclous Prussianized education which they have received, these are the present Teaton qualities with w!i:ch this generation will have to deal. The Hohen zollerna have inoculated all Teutonia with their hideous qualities, and it is with tho infected Teuton people and not alone with the Hohenzollcrns that the rest of the world must deal, at least until some antitoxin has , made them aound. We cannot begin too soon to impress on ; all the allied beoples this necessary part of any "adequate safeguards" against o recur rence of this war. Here self-preservation and our moral duty to our enthralled broth ers join ln bidding us lift up the cry of the Lord, "Let my people go." HENRY MARION HOWE. Bedford Hills, N. Y., July 23. 1917. Street Gambling T,o the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Having read of the unfortunate killing of a boy who had only been a witness to a crap game, the thought was brought force fully to my mind that the streets of the me tropolis must be cleared of gamblers. For the boys we have the crap game nnd for the men we have the racetrack. We per mit our strceta to be used for gambling pur- i poses under the observing eyes of the police. From a social standpoint the crap game is h powerful force for evil. The racing game, aa played by lltith Street and I.enox Avenue ; "bookies" and other street ganblers. BJUlhoa for a weakening of our social stratum. Now, why don't the police clear the ,-treet* of these gamlder-? The boys are youi; unused to discipline; let them have disci pline. The "bookies" are used to discipline? ! discipline tney received in prisons. Scnd them back and rid our New York streets of these gamblers. SYDNEY IRVING. New York, July 86, 1917. Not All Flag Makera at Fault To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: I have just read with interest your article entitled "l'atriotism by the Yard." It seems to me that it would have been more ' fair for you to have been a little less awoop ing in your criticism. I feel gure that there are some flag manufacturers as well as our? selves who have not charged exorbitant prices during the recent rugh. The regponsibility for high pricea lies largely with certain retail eatablishments, particularly one whose ad- I vertising you do not carry, which was rharg j ing $1S for a flag that we were selling for 16, Why uot have your Ad-Visor departmin* inve?t!(jate some of the flag manufacturer', beginning, if you like, with us? We also re sent the alloajatlon "PaaailiBritj i-n-.i- c-n tempt." We feel Bure that every one em ployed in this pl.ice tak?s a decided inter? est and pride in the faet that he is en gaged in making the I'nited S'ateg ensign. H. P. GRF.ENF, Pregident Betgy Rosa Flag Company. Newburgh, N. Y., July 30, 1917. Red Cross Autocracy By Dr. Morton Prince To the Editor of The Tribune. Mri As Judge Lovett. of the Red Cross Committee on Cooperation, has given in an ir.terview with the press the side of the Kea Crosa in the controversy which haa ariaen botwooa that organization and tha seventy four Allied WOf Relief Charitiaa, I would; isk. as ona of the Federal Council of the lat ter, the privilege of presenting what I be lieve to be our aide. The issues are simpla and clear. They have been befogged by extraneous details and j catch-phrases like "efficiency," "duplication j rf erTort," etc. In the last ar?' ir the is-; sues are moral, of right and ' ng, *nd no j amount of appeals to efflcier can do away j with what is right and what 'S wrong. The | autocratic power of Germany made for efn-, ciency. but the world has not been will.ng i on this ground to deny the rights of thtl smaller nations. "Big business" undertook , some years ago to override the rights of lit tlt business on grounds of efficiency, but: public opinion rose and put an end to its , methods, and now "big business" men, for-1 getting the lesson, have ytepped into the l?ld of charity and havo applied the same, discrcdited methods. But even the claim | for efficiency can bo successfully challenged. | The American Relief Clearing House of Paris and the War Relief Clearing House of New York have, sinee their formation early in the war, been the agencies by which sup plies have been aent to France and else- j where by the various relief organizations In this country. They have actcd in this re spect as exprois companies. For instance, ambulances sent by the American Field An bulance were delivered to that organization in France, and ambulances sent by a Serbian oro-anizatinn to Salonica, supplies sent by the American Fund for the French Wound cd were delivered to such hospitals or other depota as directed. Now, although the two "express compa? nies," the New York house and the Paris house, were technieally Independent organi fations. independent of each other and of the various relief organizations, yet they formed, with the different war charities, one func tioning codperative whole. Public Scrvlce Corporations The two clearing houses beeame in prln ciple public service corporations, and owed obligation and service to the public, which was the war charities and the hundreds of thousands of persons who were engaged in or contributed funds to tho work. By this system the war charities saved duplication of effort and expense. Free trans portation was provided by the New York clearing house for all (including the Red Pross) by arrangement with the French gov? ernment. Now comes along the Red Cross, and by arrangements made in Paris takes over the Pafil receiving und distributing house, or, to put it in a different way and in the lan puag" of "bit; business." the Paris house "sells out" to the Red Cross without agrec ment of or even consultntion with its allies in the I'nited States. If this were all it might not have been of much practical moment. But (and this is the nub of the whole question) the Red Cross then orders that after Siptember 1 no sup? plies shall be received by the Paris house fxcept on the condition that the Red Cross shall be the sole Judge of how and where they shall be distributed, and shall, in fact, distribute them wherever it sees fit, regard less of the wi-hes of the relief workers in the I'nited States, who gave their time and energy to make them, or of the organizations which solicit funds from the public to pur chase them, and rogBfdlttS of the wishes of tha public, which subscribes tho money. Hitherto all have given with the understand ing that what they gave Rhall go to help the particulur charity in which each is interested. This order of the Red Cross had not b<-cn disclosed for nearly a month. MeanwMle, tho Red Cross mnde overtures to the several war relief organizations to become affiliated as subsidlaries to itself. It must not be forgotten that many of those rtliof organizations have been doing herculean work during the last three years, have become highly experienced in war re? lief and have earned the gratitude of all tha Allied nations; while the Red Cross, in nearly all the fielda of its endeavor, has failtd to asoasara up to the obligations which it now seeks to assume. "Power of the Trust" Now, whilo negotiations were in progress It transpired that the Red Cro?s had already al orbod the Paris terminal, that is, the re? ceiving and distributing house, without con sulting with. notiflcation to, much less assent of, the American organizations mentioncd above. The power of the trust was now held over us. for we were made to understand that BBltta we yielded to the terms of the Red Cross we should have no meana of distrib? uting our supplies in France, or, for that rr.atter, to any country, like Serbia, for which supplies would have to go through France. More than this, we were made to understand that we should have no meana of transport ing supplies across the ocean to France, for it was evident that the New York clearing hou=e which has free transportation by Mie French lines could not forward supplies, not havmg :iny agent to receive and distrlbut. them. and would also therefore have to go over to and be abs=orbed by the Red Cross. In fact, this the New York house is on the point of doing. The Red Cro?s has thus by its coup dlttt got all the relief organizations in a position How to Handle a Newspaper To the Editor of The Tribunc. Sir: Referring to Mr. George Peerbower's letter published on pnfcp eight of your issue of even date, permit m<- to suggest that there should not be any difftculty in manipulating the present full sheet newspapers in crowded o.uarters if one is willing to exert a amall degree of common sonse. Only those indi vidunls w!.o are awkwird in everythlng they do tind the handling of a newspaper in a rrowded street car a trial to themselves and those about them. Some years ago I sat across the aisle from one of our groat financiers, whose intelligence and efficiency are marked in his every word and action, and watrhed him reading and turring the pages of his paper with ease and comfort, in spite of the throng that pressed him on three sides. He merely folded the paper lengthwise in two and laid back one half sheet at a time. Starting at the first column, he read right through in a thorough, gystematic way, at no time allowing his hands to be more than ten laehoa apart. And I am willing to gamble that no insigr.ifieant news item, classified ad aaatat or rartnon escaped his notice. Indeed. It is interesting to note how eare ful, thorough and effleient a "big man" it in such little matters likt handling a newspaper in a crowded car to the best advantages of himself and those .iround him. COU1TLAMD SHAW, JR. New York, July 30, 1917. where, unless the Red Cross rescinda ita rb> tocratic order, they have cot to yield or go out of business. The situation is exactly analogous to what would ba the case if the Pennsylvania Railroad ahould buy up the Giand Central Terminal and then aay to the N'tw York Central and the other railroada using that terminal, "Conaign all your paa sengers and freight to us and amliata with us. for if you don't we shall not receive at the terminal any of y r business." The method of the Red Cross is the method that used to be e-mployed by the great trusts and "big business." And now the "big buai ness" men who have been invited into the Red Crosa have brought into the chanties this old methed discredited in business We hold that it waa a breach of faith on the part of the Paris clearing house in "selling out." It will be a breach of faith on the part of the New York clearing house if it Mtll out. We shall not be Red Crossorf, but double-crossed. We hold that the Red Cross has used this most arbitrary. auto cratic method in attempting to accomplish its purpose. Ar.d we hold that the Red Cross has not the right to dictate whom we shall help. nor has it had the expe<-ience or knowl idffO <n justify its arrogating to itself this function. Red CroBB iSfficlency" Ita action is defended on the ground of ln creased "efliciency." and the issue has hoen tefogged by bringing in the question of con gegtion and limitation of transportation facil ities. This latter is a matter that can be solved independently. The former may or may not be tho case. Many of thosa most ex perienred in war relief think not, for even if efliciency of distribution abroad be increased. efliciency production at this end will be dl minished by the discouragement of those who create the supplies and wi-h to designate the chanties to which they contribute. But efficiency cannot be the decid'ng prin ciplo in this case. It is a question of right and wrong. The great trusts, like the Stand ard Oil, justitied their methods on grounds of "efficiency," but public opinion wojld not accept this excuse. It is not the business of the Red Cross to regulate tho efliciency of the many war re? lief associat'ons. That is the business of the public. The Red Cross should look after its own efliciency, but in doing so should see i to it that it do?a not employ intolerable | methoda. We are not nntagonisCe to the I Red Cross, but shall be glad to work with it I and under it. All we aak for is that we shall ! be allowed to designate the distribution of the supplies we send over, ,?ay where and to j whom they shall go. Those who labor and I give have the right to say for whom they labor and to whom they ahall give. We hold ! only in trust for the givers and cannot divest I ourselves of that trust. Under the demand ! of the Red Cross, if we, after an exhaustive j investigation, such as we have made, aend I relief supplies to the Serbian prison campa in Austria, the Red Croaa may divert those supplies to Salonica, or even to Belgian pris? oners. if it sees flt; or it may divert to French ! relief ambulances bought by Serbian sympa jthizera and ghipped to Salonica. This exum ? ple of what can onlv be called larccny has , already been perpetrated, although I am not at present prepared to adjudge the exact re ? sponsibility between the Patis clearing house and the Ti< >'. r'ross. Disintegrating Consequences I must believe that the "big business"men, the financiers, the manut'acturers and others, I who have been called in at the last moment , to rehabilitate the Red Cross. do not realize. owiag ti the lack of experier.ee in the field of charity work, what will be the diaintegrating I consequences of their actions. In making ? terms with the large and powerful organiza ; tiona aeparately, as the Red Cross is bent ! upon doing, and leaving the weaker ones to , shit't for themselves or bend to the will of I the Red ( ross, it nn.y succeed in obtaining a temporary settlement, but the question at i issue will never be permanently settled until it is settled right. In <:onclusion I may be permitted a word of explanation to show that the orjranization j which I specially represent the Serbian Dis | tress Fund?ia in no way antagonistic to the i Red Crogs, as might be inferred, but, on the I contrary, for the last two years or more has I eought in every way to help and codperate with it. 'ihe Red Cross has repeatedly in , emergencies appealcd to ua for help. On ' every occaslon we have immediately and glad ly responded with oifers of money and sup ' plies. !n one emergency we appropriated $6,000 for special sanitation work, etc, in an ? o.her $10,000 to be us,ed in its discretion, In i.nother $10,000 toward pure!i?sing a $60,000 j cirgo of food, in another $25,000 for wheat to ? relieve distress in Belgrade; on two other j occasions we obtained cargo space and sent to ita agenta at Salonica shipmenta of food to I the value (including freight) of $18,973. when j the Red Cross itself was powerless to get J tranaportation, and only recently we voted, in ; response to its request, $10,000 to purchase | food, or $80,000 in all. We agreed to act I through its agenta in Serbia, to save dupbea ' tion of machinery, and as further evidence of j our cooperative spirit we gdvo to the New i York and Paris clearing houses $28,500 to ' purchase ambulances and other supplies at i their diacretion. We hr.ve never failed, so j far as our resources permitted, when appcaled : to. On the other hand, candor compels me to i say that in return we have not been met w;th ? that spirit of cooperatior. or receved that assistance the Red Croaa was in a position to ! give and which we, in the interest of uufTering peoples, had a right fo expect; nor have we J found that efliciency which has been so loudly extolled, but the contrary. In saying thia I I am not referring to the old Red Cross, but to the new Red Cross BBcltf its present officialj. MORTON PRINCE, Chairman Serbian Distress Fund. Boston. Maas., July 30, 1917. Doesn't Like "Sammies" To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Why do you refer to our soldiers as "Sammies"? They do not like it, and call themselves "Teddies." As one of them said I to me: "Why not call us 'Ikeys' nnd l? ' done with it?" But there is a better reaaon for not ao | miscalling our boys. In rural England a "Sammie" is a fool, one easily imposed upon; ! it ia synonymous with our word "sucker." Think how the "Tommies" will "josh" thoaal Supposing things were reversed and an Eng llloh army was being sent to America. nndth> , Londoners, being ignorant of American slang, should elect to call the soldiers "suckers"' V.'ouldn't we roar at a dispatch saying that "Twenty-five thousand suckers landed aome where in America"! Can that "Sammie" ;?tuff! H. c. GREENINO. Eaat Orange, N. J., July 28, 1917. A Deplorable Headline To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: As an American citiien who loves his j country, I wish to protest agninst "The New i York American's" large headline in thia ;morning's issue, "France In Secret Intrlg"o " ! A merc unproved assertion of the German | Chancellor is given tho asport of a great and | true discovery. Some persons. esperially ; those of little education, may be easily misied I into a dangerous mood of prejudice. Two j words, "Chancellor Claima." preftxad. would have made it tolerable. What kind of an | American is reaponaible for that aort of jour nallam? H. L. L'NDERWOOD. New York, July 30. 1917. Mosquitoes at Yaphank They Should Have Been Suppreased by Forehanded Sanitation To the Kditor of The Tribune. Sir: ?he following in relat.on to an' gineering and insects is pcrtinent and pre sumably of generul interest to your readcrtt The abundance of mosquitoes at tho Yap? hank Camp repoited in your issue of tha 29th inst. is a contingeney which could have been foreaeen, though hardly prevented cn f short notice. The devclopments of the laat fifteen yo-ra have been noteworthy because of the demonstrated possibility of controllinf mosquitoes even in reskiential areas nearly and closely surrounded by large mosquito breeding salt marshes. In other erordo, tha apparently impossible has been demonstrated as the entirely practicable. It is very probable that much of th* Yap? hank trouble is due to salt marah mosquitoes, because they are known to drift with breezee some forty miies from any possihle breeding place. This habit makes tho problem of more that local imrortance. It concerna at lcast sevcral towrs in the connty, and ln ita broadcr apr'ication all of Long ItUsjii The high laad values of that seotion nbun (latitly justify a comprehensive rolution of the problem and the prae-.ical elinnnation of the mosquito pest alonj; the entire coast line of the atatO. This might woll ba done ny eofforatloo on the part of both oaaaty and state. and under present c BdltlOBS pos pibly with assistanco from the national BJOOa ernment. The work in New Jersey during the last docade has strikin^ly tOSSOBStratta] the feasibility of any such undertakinir. and it would be compara'ivoly OBty to . xtend the work bcgun by Now York City arlthhj ita borders to include all of Long Island. The Leason of Panama The delay and loss in tSBOitBCJ i>r>nrted in connection with the sotaMlobBSOBt i i camp. are likely to occur I I such contingcncies ate anticp.v d [I I ibe remembered that the osatfol ! sanitary or entorr.ological eagiaetriBf ?aa ! a prerequisite to the stt -? | ' tha : Panama Canal. There is . o sjaostttO that : this phe.se of applied BCttBOa is all SSt (tOa quently OVOrlooktd, and II kvtW opments regarded as "arts ol Cod" and, therefore, entirely tzeottblo, arbtfOSS they I are preventahle through tht 'i sf well Bttabllshod knowledgo. Neirlect of the insect pnhlem in tl e es ' tablishment of large camps, iadattftal plitnta i ar.d the like means not only rtdattd efaV imry i due to annoyance and loss of rest, bi:. may frequently invohe widespread aiehatSf :? ! not death. It la only t.ooossary to rrrull ! that "during the CtVil War Ofl the Ui loa llde '93,369 soldiers were killed and UMII dtsl 1 from disetse. . . . A remarkable example of mortality from dlooaoa nnd Itw ioatl ra'e from wound* ia shown in figures from tha French expedition to ilaJtOJOOftf ' 29 being killed and 7,000 dyi.ig fmm i ' In the Ipoaith'Asaorieao War only <M Ameri. rars were killed und s\lT7 die.l from i mostly typhoid ftvtf c.n.-ied by house flies." The issu'es are too large, the stake too v.tal I to take chances, and we IBtfOfOft ".us* ! strongly urge the importance of thia j of engineering upon all rosponsible for tha i execution of large tTOJttta especially thosa ? involving the I ;it of temporiry camps or industrial settlements. The entomologist. with hig intimate BJSWWta edge of insect life, its potentialities and limitations, can render a gieat aervice to hia country in ndvisirig nnd, if necessary. SBBOfa '? vising the control and elimination of ir.'eet pesta affecting both man and animul;. With tht above in mind, tht WfftOf went on rOCOrd I some months ago in favor of an SBtOBI I | with an adequate militnry staadiag | attached to every large camp and 1. eentre. The military organization. ? I autocratic control. is admlrobly tda] j I the enforcement of compulsory sanitati- n. It is BBivtrsall* admittcd that we nr? en fagtd in S gigantic Stragfflt in which asseta of many kinds play Bfl important part. Two of these, llfa and htolth, are BOftOt fected and not laffOqatatly destroyed through tho activities of insect pests. wrpeh causo great annoyance and enormous lossea in spite of the best that can be done, and yet it la our obvious duty to eliminate, so far aa praeticabK any such drain upon our re? sources. The flyless camp merns an i I I ? brigitde, and in tl [it for tht BSBla ttaaa :e of our BBttoaal lift we eaaaot sffoti to ignore insects, with their baneful poten? ' tialitics. P- P- WLT, State BBtooaolofwh Albany, N. Y., July W, 1917. "Patriotism by the Yard" To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: This morning's editorial, ?'Patriotlsrtt by the Yard,*' is most interesting. In timeS tl war many thfagl are nccessarily home? 1 made which arwayt before had been boughl I from dealers or manufact.irers, and where tht ' material is BOBfOS or high priceil. home in? genuity BBS crcumvented that fact. It ?t"iri!i to be my pnrticular war time *er ' vice to teach women of the country, without charge, to make thtif own flags for the home, i and I have printed directious for certa ? * ; of the twelve BOthOftOtd m their OlOfOftitOl by exeeut.vo order of PrenJent W.lson on May tt, Itlf, nnd also fof the exct ptional size, 4 feet 4 inches by I feet 6 htobti fl carried by troops. The latter is tSOBll] I of silk, the others of bunting. either aiffh* ? inrhes or a VBld wid.-; but I teach N >? <t. a flag ?"? by '.<'.? foot, aaadt of sabttitata torials, Torkty red and nnb!ea< j beautiful, eorroet and sutliciently durabie, at i a cost of leaa tirin 12. The war ia dtiag ;i< pood in mr.r.y wivs, i and even the aoididBOOS mentioned in tha aditorial arill lose its -t:ng and re.ict upon itself when o'tr women make tl sir o? j It is not hteaasa of tha sl Iprimarily, that I bl DM ' i SSOth BBg | at home | aiatt I um iBOtbttd to three flag* I making tirms for much courtesy\ but because 'even in normnl times it is les? expensive than ; to buy th" aabloaa rttdy SStds. ?.nd because | the inspiration Bl ' rived ffoaa ( - Old Glory with one's own hands ar>- no* SOOaHtd by any otl-.r ttr vice open to atOSSBB. It brings an hvh'. j too, whiel leads ? Porssa ai itlp'al* ne.> to the country ar- | \ If it would bjossb tt r?t that log aaakiag st home ia an BJdBBp I'.r.r l.ranch of r service, BjIoOOS ftSBOSSbOf that (1a(ts. onca made, are sure tt ht dltplaytd, ?nd that arhtO they fly from BSBBy hoSBtt they must httract the attentiou and tetOfyy the thotight of tha siackers and tht dilatory. Alimg m the thought, Old GlOfy oatOtl the heart. Thla fttaltt in talittSBtatS ?nd other form* ? operation whieh. earfttd saCkisatly fsr, a ill txttnalaatt Prastttaltai The instructions are free. My work dur? ing 'our yaara of public aorviea teaeaiasj veneration for the flnir has been without atSS" pensation. lnquirers inclose pajotOSJOi atiJ,ne printing has been given me without eharga by three newspaper*. MRS. C ?. NFI.CAMP, Ohio State Chairman D, A. K Committee to Prevent Desecration of the Flag. Brooklyn, July 30, 1917.