Newspaper Page Text
British Gloomy, but Doggedly
Determine to See War Through English Newspaper* Find Scant Hope of Break? ing German Line in France by Sudden Drive, but Are Confident Time Will Wear Foe Down [Sia/f C.wraaper.'l'r ?] LONDON, Aug. 5.?The comment of the leading rewspapers on the third anniversary of the war is chiefly de voted to two great and immediate is? sues?the present offensive on the Weitern front, with general eons.clera tions afTectmg the entire strategical outlook. and the mbmarine menace. Concerjiing the former "The Man cheiter Guardian" iays: "The fact re? mains that no one expects to break through, though we all go on hoping for it. But if we do not expcct to break through. exactly what is the rature of our calculations of winning the war in the West?" "We see only three possibilities. 1 he first caleulation may be that if we only go on long enough we can stand our lossei better than the Germans, and they will crack first. This is a possible solution of our problem, but it inflicts on us the maximum loss and it is terribly unscientiric. I igure on V. S. Aid "The second caleulation may be that next year. with the entry of the I'nited States. the balance of forces will be greatly O/ltercd in ouriavor. Against that we have to put the signs of col lapie in Kussia and the heavy Iobics of tho Krench in their last offensive on the Aisne. "The third caleulation may be that as the war goes on we may discover a i ew kcy to victory. "The first alternative we reject be? cause it reduces the war to a mere tnal of endurance, in which there is \ery little art or science. The second alternative raises the question of Rus tia. The loss of Czernowitz is a very serious hlow and poitponei indefinitely the hope of dafo*tiag the combination of the Central Powers on the plain* of Hungarv, whieh has been the main sr ring of the Russian stratcgy since the beginning of tlie war. "Th<Te stems to be no reason for ultering the opinion already expr.--ed that so long 88 Russia dul not make peace with Germany- *nd of that there Keems no present *>?ru-th?nu,mb,r "f troops Germanv would be able to trans ler to the West would not be doeieive, though it would poatpone the time when fresh troopa from America would begin to alter the material strength ot the srmies in the West. Speculate ?n Separate Peaxe "In this connection it is an interest ing ipeculation as to what would be the nulitarv effect of n separate peaee between Austria and Ruisia that dsoj not include Germany. The nu would be a great deal umpler, of course. if we had won our way through the Dardanelles, or eareB if we had driven the Turks norih. There remain thirty altematives. "The net conclusion of the recent operations is that we have made a fet ich of numbers and mere weight of ma? terial. lf 0*0 do not break through ihis year. it secms fairiy certain that the increase of our superiority in tnen OBd weight of artillery arill not be enough fer 08 to break tnrough next year, either. It will mean. tn short, that the idea of ?blasting' our wuy through by wtight, numbers and artillery haa. I after a long trial, been found inade I quato. "Vietory Ifl the war wil! have to be I won hy new ideas. Sunposing that by j this time last year we had become d:s ! satiafied with the prospects ai vietory by weight and metal alone and had flfl. ! cided to take out another IflflttTflnea fljT, by means of a tremendous superi? ority in the air Ifl it not clear that by thia time we ahould be in a better po litiOfl now than we BTfl. even though Wfl had to saeritiee a few hundred thou ?flfld men and reduce tho production of heavy guns and shella to obtain that superiority? "This is an argument that admits of much development. Suppoae we came flflflk tfl the jiroblem and asked Ofltr ?fllfflfl what were the ideal means of elearing Belgium nnd France? Should we not say at once and without heai tation, t.r-t bf i irpri ?, Bad flfleond, bf so threatening the enemy's communi jcation that he would be compelUd , either to withdraw voluntarily or fight ; at a great diaadvantage ? That, in ef? fect, is the enemy's reply to a very j similar problem that confronts him. I He is attacking our eommunications fllikfl bf thfl submarine and by airraids on thiV country. Merely to defend our (fllTfli against his suhmarines is a paa sive defence. The true and active de? fence is tfl raid hi* eommunications. lmpobaible by Sea "!!y sea this is inipossible, for hc has ? no eommunications there to speak of. All his eommunications are by land, 1 and it followa, as a military parallel, '?? that the enemy's policy would be by ' air raids on hia eommunications. To ; be effectual there are two conditioni j to be obaerved. The first is the con ! struction of uirplanes on a scale hith ?ttfl undrenmt of, which could only be ' obtained, in all probability, by a re I duction in the size of the army, though ! America's help will Bfl of enormous value. The second is that the air flflr ?icfl would have to cease to be a | hundmaid either to the army or the i navy and become a aeparate arm of ; defence with a ministry of its own. Here ia the coming struggle in the i difflStiOfl of our war pohcy. "The anniversary of the outbreak of \ the great conflagration has indeed eo ! incided with thr achievement of n brill ' iantly succetssful offensive flfl the Wi-stern front, but the value of the ! fiflfldflra vietory lifl* rather in its re Ution to future operations than in the ' gains of territory it actually secured, e.nd it would bfl tflfl much to say that in its present fltflgfl it* Bfl* ffludfl 1 mentally affected the balance of power m the Wflflt "End Is Not Yet" "The end is certain; but the end is not yet. It ifl certain. because in spite of the present setback on the Kuasian ! front the tide, whether military, diplo i matic or popular, is flowing ever more i strongly against the Central Powers. I There may be a momentary flbb and ? flow, but week by week the rifliflg VfflUr* are eating more surely the foun dation of their houaes. In the Wflflt ?their military power ia being steadily VTOe-fl down. Across the Atlantie Arnetjea is marshalling her legions for thfl battle. From Ro*fltfl a spirit of frecd democracy goes forth that is Inndinf nn unnmUkahie if Upgmg ?"? j awer in Herlin and Dresden, \ icitna and | iludapest." Kcgarding the submarine, inc I Dailv New-" says: "The destruction of our tonnage goes on week bf week with small dimmu : tion. Thfl ligurca of the last six ' months are fuil of ominous warmng. I and it i- idle to pretend that we nr<* out of danger. If the war continuc"_ into next year the problem of food will be more rnenacing than it has ever been, and unless tho output of shipbuilding is very much nearer the rate of destruction than at preient wa cannot hope there will be enough transport available to make America <? formidable factor in the man-power of the Allies." England Determined The comment of tho evening papers ii aialy devotad to broad isiues. "The Weatminater Gaxette" says: "We en? ter the fourth y ar of the war without a shadow- of rognt Wa 800 now more than ever what would have been the fate of Europe if this country had not thrown its whole weight into the scale in August, 1914s. What would now be ,its fate if we failed or faltered before tho work was done? If ever a cause justitied the greate.'t sacrifices it i' this. On us, of this generation, it hat fallen by an inscrutablp fate to bear th4? burden which an idea! justice would have distributed over centuries. W ? must bear it, and be determined that tho fruits shall be worthy of the sucri lices. The suprem* objet*. i- not to gain this territory or that, or to eaire boundnriox which shall give us ad vantages in another war, but to make another war impossible in so far as human foresight and contrivance can do so. to relieve the world of the bur? den of armaments and armed eompeti tion, and to make little nations serure against the thrents and aggressions of their powerful neighbors. "WhatOVCI may bo the fortunes of war. we must fight on until this main object is honestly and wholeheartcdly BCfieptWd bv the peoples at war. Then we shall be able to negotiate with eer tainty. There will be a new spirit in the world which will overcome the ob stacles to peace." "People Resolute" "The Evening Standard" says: "We look to the British go?'ernnicnt to be worthy of the British people. That people. at heart, is solid as a rock, sound aa a Dell, and more resolute, be? cause it is better informed after three vears of the agdny of war, than it was in the first enthusiasm of August, 1914. The mind of the British people is un changed. Nothing but the full achieve m?nt of the high purpose for which we began this war will suffice to bring it to a close. The destruction of Prus sianism and nll Prussia stands for can only be achieved by a decisive military victorv. Unless the German people overthrow the despotism that uses them for its own evil purposes, we must light on until Germuny is crushed, or until a real, not a sham, revolution take^ place in Germany." "The Star's" comment is: "As in August, 1PM, so in August, 1017, we stond with our allies, tirm, resolute and immovable, counting not the cost and looking only to the goal of liberty. We have in the great Allies .he might that in Germany is wanting. We hear the tramp of a million men from America. They are marching to the sound of tho guns in Flandere. There is no doubt ar- to the issue. Lib? erty will conquer." . ? s 151 "Ground Fliers" Ready WASHINGTON, Aug. 5. - One hun? dred and nfty-one students were grad uated yesterday from tho prejiminary courses at the "ground schools" of avia? tion at American univenities, and were ordered to the several field training schools for advanced initruction. Among yesterday'a graduates were twenty-nine students from Cornell Uni versity. Other edueational institutioni graduating elasses were Ohio Univer lity, University of lllino'.s, Texas Uni varsitv, University cf California and MaasaoBBaetta Institute. of Teehnology. Mine Blast Killed 31 CLAY, Ky., Aug. fi. The death list from the eXplosioi here yesterday in the mine of the West Kentucky Coal Company had to-night mounted to thirty-one, sccording to information supplied by Charles S. Ri.chardson, vice president and general manager. Most of those killed were negroes. WANAMAKER'S WANAMAKER'S WANAMAKER'S WANAMAKER'S This is the Largest Furniture Sale in the World?but that is Not the Main Thing The main thing is that this is the Sale that gives to the whole public the opportunity to buy better furniture than it can get elscwhere and at lower prices than are demanded clsewhere. This is the main thing, and it is great Because this "main thing" is true of it, the Wanamaker August I urniture Sale has become the greatest in the world. lt is a furniture Sale not particularly to be regarded as in competition with any other. It was started as an August event by the Wanamaker Store when no such thing was ever dreamed of by any other store, and it was maintained for many years before other stores adoptec* this form of "slncerest flattcry" that their August 1 urniture Sale advertisements throughout the country now reveal. We have never sought to match up with the goods In any other store, nor to cut under the prices of any other store. We have simply gone ahead, getting the best furniture that we could tind (and showing manufacturers how to make it, too) and bringing it here to sell at the lowest prices possible for sound business. And despite all hold and determined attempts, no other store has ever accomplished anything in the least measure resembllng it. The Wanamaker August Furniture Sale is distinctive, extraordinary and singular in mod? ern commerce, lt offers furniture of a different kind from that to be found in other sale?, and it offers advantages of a dif? ferent kind. lt is an institution of its own description. The woods are sound woods and sensible; the work manship is thorough. The designs are the best that have ever been known In furniture. The little details. such as locks and catches, and handles and castcrs; the Inside devices ?s well ?s the outsides? they all show attention and care. The prices are very moderate. If there is anywhere in the world the Amer? ican dollar is worth 100 cents and more today, it is in this Furniture Sale. The actual amount of furniture that we have now ready (or in transit) ln our two stores, New York and Philadelphia, totals up $2,5,U.1?;2. These stocks in the two stores are displayed over nine acres of floor space. The savings of it range from 10 to 50 per cent. The variety at half price II supposed to be the largest ever offered in any sale. A large proportion of the half-prlce collection ranks with the finest cabinet-work turned out In America. ln the face of market uncertainties, don't you think you had better come in and see the great assortment as, lt stands, and form your own judgment as to what it holds for yOU? Rr?t, Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Galleriea, New Building. JOHN WANAMAKER Broadway at Ninth, New York Work of 55 Local Draft Boards . On Saturday Shown by Table The fgatm g'wn below show tha work of fifty-five draft exemption boards forSaturday, August *. ln some few cases the exemptum claims itv dieated are not eract, bat have besn estimated, as accuraUly as possible, by the board* fBOBIBOlBPP Tha inblr ia the most complete that has hem compiled sinee the exami naiions have been ta progress, and gives a ewnprehatuiva index to the per eantoga of men wka nre bf ing rejected for physical reasons, tht pereentage rhiiming exemptiov and the percsntags actually ready to fight. Many of the er'r?pHon claims uill be disallowei. THE BRONX Physi ? . Hoard No. Address. 1 Brown Place and 136th st. 4 Lor.gwood av. and Beck st. 5-1025 East 163d st. tSth Bt, nr. White Plains av. 8?391 East 149th st. 9?161st st. and Third av. 10? 157th st. and Third av Ready Examined cally Claimed to .Saturday. unfit. exemption. ngnt. 166 111 IM 110 105 146 134 M 12?Boston Road and 166th st. 20 13?Prospect and Jennings sts. 16 Borough Hail. 1 7 1SM st. iind Beaumont av. 19?Park Commissioner's Office, Clerm't Pk 20?N. V. University, (iould Hail. 21? Jerome av., near 184th at. 22 Jerome av., near 184th st. BROOKLYN 23 158 Montague st. *73 50 26 157 97 127 225 123 44?Sterling Pl. and Vanderbilt av. 52?South 3d st. and Driggs av. ! 58?Av. O and Coney Island av. j 62 ?Bedford av. and Monroe st. ! 63?Throop and Putnam avei. j 67?East 13th st. and Av. C. 68?Linwood lt. and Arlington av. 71 Madison lt. and Bushwick av. I 79?Linwood st, and Arlington av. MANHATTAN 1 90-West Houaton and Clarkson sts. | 91- Henry and Catharine sts. ; 101?26 Horatio st. j 103?269 East 4th st. ! 104?269 East 4th st. 110?357 West 35th st. 111 ? 332 West IM it. 112?First av. and 3d lt. 116 47th st., west of Eighth av. , 117?12th st, east of Av. B. 11C* ftt East 18th st. 120- 318 West 57th st. | 121-462 West 59th st.*. 122 225 East 27th st. 126?77th st. and Amsterdam av. | 143 ?88th st., east of First av. 14*. Ft. Washington av. and 168th at. ' 149 -Wadsworth av. snd 182d it. j 150-164 East 91st st. | 151?1586 Lexington av. 158 120 West 46th st. ' 159-121 East 51st st. ! 160-219 East 109th st. ?? : 161-215 Kait 113th st. ? \ 166 -125th it. and .Second av. 13* j 169?25 Weit 116th st. r* QUEENS 1178-Albert st., nr. Dltmars av, L. I. C. Ilgj -Richmond Hill. RICHMOND 18S Broad st. Stapleton. 189 -New Dorp. 181 87 108 147 124 163 110 129 202 130 69 74 91 88 M 51 47 96 84 49 81 104 116 88 125 136 113 78 64 94 80 123 144 89 28 20 no 41 8 6,071 9 36 1 56 M 33 89 64 2? 25 M 44 14 n 68 46 48 17 87 29 32 16 7 II 8 35 15 17 36 28 21 60 24 36 16 9 37 asf 15 II 28 21 24 15 II 21 1.682 85 146 60 6.'. 79 64 14 37 15 80 63 64 128 57 99 96 67 64 43 60 100 69 47 105 67 39 21 65 46 51 38 9 39 38 28 41 46 63 30 49 88 60 46 12 34 30 80 66 84 32 86 86 50 39 3,238 Totals .' 27 Per cent disqualified - . ?" .. Per cent claiming exemption . jj Per cent ready to fight.__ 25,000 Surgical Relief Workers Decide to Help Red Cross Henry P. Davlaon. chairman of tha i Red Cross War Council, announced , from Waahington yesterday that the National Surgical Dreaainga Committee. a ?ar relief agency, wi'h 25,000 mem? bers, had become an auxillary of the American Bed Cross, in tho interest of aconomy and efftciency. "The arrangement with the Red CrosB provide*," iaid Mr. Davison. "that the Surgteal Preeainrs Committe. shall rctain its name and organizatior and carry on ita present work in the 1 I'nited Statea aa a national auxiliarv i of tho Red Croaa. It may solicit fund in ita own name, but no aolicitation shall be mada ln th" name of tbe Red ( rosa, unlesa all the proceeds there from are turned over to the Red Cross organization. The committee will (ifl* full reporta conceming its activities and financea to the Red Cross. "The French section of this com? mittee will become the Surgical Press ings Service Pepartment of the Amer? ican National Red Cross. It will ad nifliflUr in France all the surgical dressings work of the Red Crosi, and will be in charge of Mrs. OL K. Auatir, heretofore director in Parls of th* French section of the Surgical Dress ing- Committee. ??Tha Red Cross B*eks to eneourage the efforts of all relief organizations. It is hoped that all such organizations, which ara roanufacturing materials for hospital or other relief work amonc our allies in Furone, may become auv iliariea of the Red Cross, thus avold ing duplication. Such auxiliaries will retain their name and identity, the i Red Ooxs will aasist them in making thPir work etTective, and with auch MtViIiation the Red Cross will transport their materials to Europe free of charge, and aee to it that such mate? rials are properly dlatributed." Independent war chantiea at first itubbornly reslated tha efforta of the American Red Croaa to enroll tham aa ? auxiliarics, and ruented the intima | tion that they would not be able to ship goods aa heretofore unless they Bj-reed to the terms of the Red Cros?. , With renewed activity by aubmarinei, ' however. it became evident that some meaaures must be adopted to consol' , date war relief work, in order to 1 economue in eargoes, and several of the independent organizations have : agreed to the plans ef the Red Cross. The Red Croaa haa been cooperating with the War Relief Clearing Hous in the Cnited States. with which arr. affiliated about aeventy-ftra war chari I tiflfl, and has asaumed adminiatratio" ; of tha War Relief Clearing House in | Franca._ Says O'Ryan Will Stay I ALBANY, Aug. I. Adjutant General Stoteabury is conildent, ha declared ? to-night, that Major Ganaral O'Ryan and thfl threa brigadier generals of thia stata will be retained ln th. Fed ?ral sen*iee. Ha expreasad the opinion that the reports to the contrary were du. to a miaunderstandino; eoncerning the draftlng of general offlcers General StottaDury declarad that the War Department telegram stating that only National Guard general officers now m tha Fedaral aarvice will he re? tained ln that aenrice ?nd that the eommlsalena ef tha othars muat first be confirmad by tha Senate, could not , apply to G.neral O'Ryan, aa ha ia al I ready in th. Federal s.rviea. Three-fourths Of Drafted Men Claim Exemption In Some Sections All Eligi ble? Seek to Escape Service Riots Under Control Part of National Army To Be Ordered to Camps by September 1 [Staff Cor??t??.dMi-ej WASHINGTON, Aug. 6. Incomplfltfl returr.s from the selective draft boards throughout the country to-day indi cated that a larga number of exemp tions had been claimed. possibly 75 per cent of the draft eligibles in the tirst call having entered aomo ground on which they expected to be release I from serving in the National Army. As yet tho boards have been unable to get through the mass of affidavits that have been submitted in support of thase claims. and it possibly will be another week before a detinite calcula tion of the percentage of men to be exempted can be made. In most sections of the country to? day was a holiday for the local boards. Report* received at the office of tho Provost .Marshal General indicate 1 that while diflflrdfltr* were still continu ing in Oklahoma, North Carolma and other sections in the South and South waat, the authorities have th?m well in hand, except for the Indiana in Ok? lahoma, many of whom hava gone otT to the hllls, refusing to report on their draft calls. While the Federal author? ities stand ready to uphold tho atate authorities in compelling obedience to tha draft law, thero was no indicatlon to-night that It would ba necessary to call out Federal troops. The returns on the number of eligi? bles claiming exemption throughout tha country differ with the localities from which they come. From one town in Maine there came a report that out of seventy-two called for ex? amination sixty-eight had been_ ac ecptfld physically and lesa than 25^ per cent had claimed exemption. From other sections the reports indicate a high percentage of claims. Tn most sections of the country tho first call nien Bflflfl already been ex? amined and practicaliy all have tiled their notices of exemption claims. Many affidants have been filed and by the end of the present week the draft officials hope to hava theso paaaed upon in order that it will be pcBbible to estimate tho percentage of th men called who will be ready for service at the new army cantonments on September t. It is not expected the entire draft of 687,000 nien will be completed by that time. but a part of those accepted for s'l-viee will be ordered to camn on that date. New York Guard Now Part of Regular Army Officers Above Rank of Colo? nel in State Service Until Commi.sioned The New York National Guard be? came a part of tha_regular army yes? terday under the p'roclamatlon issued by President Wilson on July 9. Tha officers above the r-ink of colonel, how? ever. will remain in stato service until they are commissioned by Mr. Wilson and their nominattons conftrmed by the Senate. Adjutant Generil Stotesbury yester? day said that he had received a tele? gram from the W.ir Department arhich read that "by the direction of the President general officers already in the Federal service will remain Ifl that service, and those not in Federal ser vico will remain in sta'e service until nominations are certificd hy the Sen? ate and they have accepted their com missionB." It was reported yesterday that Major (ieneral Jonn F. O'Ryan, commanding tho 27th Division, faced the possibility of following in the footsteps of Briga dier Ceneral John H. Foote, command? ing the 2d Bngade, N. 0. K. V., who was ordered mustered out of Federal service Friday. Adjutant General Stotesbury', however, pointad out that Cenrral O'Ryan and the state troops were already part of the F*deral ser? vice, and that he would not put such a construction on the telefrram which he received from the War Department. Ganeral O'Ryan waa confident that he would no* lose his rommand. "I don't think the report lfl worthy of much considerntion." he aaid. "We are not worrying. und I believe you flrill tind everything will come out all right." By being drafted into the regular army all eonstitutiona! limitations that have heretofore applied to the Guard were yesterday sv.ept away, giving the government free use of its aervices. By means of the Guard draft the coun? try added approximately 100.000 sol? diers to its number of fighting men. - e Germanamericanisms tFrom 7*/ae StitiU-Zcit^ng) On? ean eaaily underatand why even the entry of Araenca into the war, and that at the twelfth and decii-he hour, eotajd not ahate the Ormans' faith in their ultimate vietory. . . Laaa eoinpi*4>h*iTe4'bea was th? fact that thfli ('urmaw, who are reputed for their learn infl and rlrawimj useful le-scna from every? thing. at first spoke of the American* in a note ef ,-nperiority and rontempt aa a bellig erent. Now the note ia change.!. To-'lay but few are ftill of the opinion that Arr.erica will be a "nuantite nrghe-ible'1 on the battle flclc*. m M"-t 'lermana are now realiiing that. .?houM the war laat till ttll, Amerieu may, on account of her well rlrilM armiea, be come a factor in the Kuropean theatre of war. The amwer to the quention of the tran.-portatioti of troopa an'l provisiona ia to them no Ionger a problem. They antici. pat* "It can be done." flfl very juatly i.*y? the military expert of tlie "Neuexte Munchner Nachrichten" : "The mil? itary* iniportance of Arr.erica us aa great flfl ita political, econornical and financtal Impor tanre. It nrrdg 011/7 te*** tfl hrrornr efjte fire." America's allie.-. on the other hand. are. to all appearance. c'i.->p'eased with the pace taken flf America. To them it ia not uiiick enough. They were unxioue, barely that war waa declared in Waahington, to i-ee Ameri cana by the hundred thou?and, by "billi?r.s." in Europe. And now thia alow, cautioua par* that again compels. them to atake U.eni -.elvc-i to the laet drop of blood. . . ? Our government, however. doea not want to be hurried, and for thia attitude we ow. it *4ir ??<?',. Only not to give way to haa'y atat-aa! Woodrow Wilaon, as known, la flafl tn? man ?<. a.t impulaively. He takea hia timt, he 14 not like Uia hothead KooaevalL Had Rooeevelt. wtth hia Jlngoi.sm, been at tha head of the government, the American people would already to-day be rondemned to bloody a.-. well aa quiu uaeleae eaenneee. How different Wilaon! And. accordingly. the Alliea Bjaflflld not grumble about the alow paaa. Nor ahould the Allies undervalue ua MflflOM it Iflkflfl a> so long to ereate, out of nothing, armiea and fleet* for traneporta tion America feele obllged to Wilaon for nol allowing himself to he hurrted, for nol being carried away. for not eacrifleing uae le?aly American blood. Should the wai' laat ,..ng < n mgh. then America will ajeo in Eu. rteflflfla a (eetor. Should peace com.) earlier, then MU Preaiil-nt and the I'nited Statea will have the satiafaction of having pre vented aaerincea?of having theughl hret of America. American Fought for British 3 Months With Only One Foot Tries to Join U. S. Army in France, Defying Officer to Discover His Infirmity?Man Organized Artincial Limb Factory, Employing Crippled Soldiers By FLOYD GIBBONS j CONTROLE AMERICAIN, France, Aug. 5. -It happened ln the sparsely furnished office of the staff officer at the American army heedquarteri here this afternoon. The door opened and he walked in, medium in height, straight as a hickory sapling, chin weil up, shoulders well back, cheit well out, carriage unmistakably military, but in civilian garb. Hii well ihaped, well shines shoes came together with a click in fror.t of the officer's desk. "I'm an American of military age, capable, hava. a knowledge of French, know France like a book. have lived here some years and now have my busj r.ess arrangcd so I can leave it to i mbordinates. I want to do my bit. Am I in the right place?" This was the opening statement of the visitor. "Name7" was the officer's laconic query. "J. R. Clarke." I "Where born?" "Mendota, III." "Experience?" "1 was with the Britiah expedition arv forces in France." "Why discharged?" the officer asked. "I served three months at the front i at the beginning of the war," replied the applicant. Question Is Bepeated "Why discharged?" repeated the offi? cer. "I drove a car for the staff officers at : the general headquarters," said the ap ' pllcant, ignoring the question. "Why were you discharged?" de ! manded the officer with emphaiii and lixing a meaning look on the man. Clarke's eyes dropped for the first time. From my position near the win? dow I thought I could detect a look of hopeleisness sweep across his face. Then hi* featurcs brightened suddenly. "Watch mc!" he said to the officer, who directed a puzzled gaze across the ' table to a point on tho noor where the ? applicant, with a sprightly move, had I asiumed another erect position ot mili i tary rlgidity. Introducing what was to follow with I another peremptory click of hii heels, he executed a right face; then a left face; then an about face. No drill master ever executed cleaner and snappier foot movements. The officer smiled his approval. The man then hopped across the floor on hii right Few Malingerers Able to Deceive British Surgeons Doctorg Combat Deceit With Deceit and Easily Detect Frauds One hcars of many men flt for mili : tary service trying to evade, it by felgaiag disease, says '"The London Daily M:ni." In France and Germany the military surgeon has always been on the look out for malingerers; in England, while the army was a voluntary one, the sur geonV great taik was to keep out men who concealed defeeta in their anxiety to get in. Hence our doctors had no great ex peri''iice of malingering. and were not skillel in its detection when they were overwhelmed hy the ruih of recruits at the outset of compulsory service, and a man who wanted to deceive had a very good chance of succeeding. His chance ' of gettir.g off hencefurward will be very ! much le^s. But the number if the worst type of malingering cases, those ln which perfectly healthy men simulate dlieaie or some disability, is probably not so great as the number of men who really have some ailment and who exaggerate it. Dr.*. A. Bassett Jones an<J Ll. J. Ilewellyn, in their text book, "Malin? gering," say: "Our rrwn experience of soldiers in the present war leads us to the conclusion that 'pure* malingering i.s uncommon." A malingerer must be .extremely clever to sueceed in his deception now that the art of discovering simulation is so perfect. The subject is a vast one, but a few examptes of the doctor's diagnostic resources will show that he can seldom be deceived. The malingerer'e special pitfall is ; hia tendeney to overaet his part. "He i sees less than the blind; he hears less i than the df>af; ho is rnore lame than ' the paralyzed." Gene-ally there will foct and hopped back on his left fa*i "Do you see anythir.g the aitt> with me?" he asked th* oT.eir, tj*,, whoie negattv* nod the maa e*T tinued: "No; and neither did they. | waa good enouph to be arith the Brtt, ish three months after Mons. I ga my work all right until they fow out." "Why were you llooh* iT r*pt*t. ed th;- efllcer, arith iteru, Found With His I'oot Off "Well. I had been workinr 'weitj hours straight without sleep. It agfl l o'cloek in the morning. The headqwr. I ters cars were parked in front of tk* general'* chateau. I was cold aaf ' miserable and tired. The officer caaa ; out to get in the car and found a* aileep in the back *eat, and"-. "Asleep on duty?" inapped thi af. cer with rinality. "No, ?ir," replied the man. "Thit was all nght. You see, there w*i M I other place to sleep and no time ta [ ileep and we were suppoied to i'm I in the cars while waiting for orderv "W?ll, what in hell's this got te d* \ sbout it, then? Why were you dlt i charged?" demanded the officer, r?im# 1 his voice. "The officer found me with my f**t off and" "Your foot off what''" the questioatr ' demanded. "Just off. sir; leg off between th) ' ankle and the knec. I had taken it off i to rest the stump. He saw me befori] could get it on again. He wain't ingry, ! but he thought it was * good jok?, 114] ', told it at the officers' men next tnern. ing. I was discharged lmmedistely." Officera Didn't Know It "You served three month* as a ehaof \ feur in th* British army with only BB I foot and they didn't know it?" ukai the officer. "Yes, sir," replied Clsrke, "bnt yei ' could not have known it any more th*. they could. Maybe L csn't hike twentj I miles a day with a pack on my back but otherwise I'm just as good t* an] other man." Clarke left the office wifh a not* u the intelligence department to i*? ! whether tney could use him as an tr terpreter. I followed and talked wftt t him, finding out that he had lost ku foot in an automobile rac* in Btrmin*, ham, Ala., la l'JOT, and that sinci hii discharge from the Britiah army h* ba organized a big factory for mamng ir titicial limbs in France, where he an employs lixty-three mutilated men. "What do you want to be in th American army?" was my parting qou tion. "I want to be an sviator," repliet Clarke. be some diserepancy between oil eea plaint am! his actions. The doetoi therefore narrowly serutinizes how hi pull* orf bil eoal "r ?hoeH, how h* siti down, how he wolks when he thinka a< one is obaerving him, ond BOB he bf haves when uken off his guard b) aome clever ru*e. If the malingerer complsins of Blii it is always suvere, never leaves hia alone; but the doctor knows that then sre few disordur* in which pain ii conitant. The honest man ha* hii bao time:; and h;s good, but the ma'.ingirer is never better, always worse. Vtry often, although malingerers st.idy mti ical books and get tha symptomi b] heart, they will affect some cvmptea that is foreign to the diseasc s:mulat8i and by encouraging them (0 dilate upon it the doctor scores easily. lf the complaint is a stiff shouldei the doctor starts an animatel conv*r sation while the patient takoa off hii coat; ufiially some nilstake will 84 1 committed. If it Is a s'.iff knee tbi subject of the examination^ 1* ailin1 to sit on a low chair, when ha alwiit invariably bends the knee ea.ily, r* vesling the fraud. The doctor employs deceit BI eoiab* deceit, and he has four flsaifl BMjjtBBj --he misleads the malinger. r. -<.-'.ritU his attention, inducea a state of be wilderment and takes BOVoatagO of hti ignorance of what the true sympteBM Wh?n, for instance, a man complatoi that his arm is paralyted and keepill hanging closely by his ?<*?, the doetet Isys him face downward on a cou*l with the arm projecting beyond ? edge; a paralyzed arm would thB? down and point to the grcur.d, but 18 malingerer probably orill keep H pressed closely to his side. BsBBBJ that the muscles are BOlfaetiy heaftef i When help'.essness of a leg li HB* lated th* do.-tor may BeBkO a long ?? amination of the ?ound leg. inw course of which he throw* the wnea weight of the malingerer on the e* called paralyzed limb. pmving B. power to lupport the patient. Speed Kinga to Meet Barney Oldfield, the world's ipeai king. and Raiph De Palma, hn eleieO rival for auto racing lupremacy, erefi matched in Chieago yesterdiy (? ' ? teriei of races, to be held on th . Sheepfhead Bay Fpeedway l l >*" day, Auguit 18. The diiUi.ee all probably be at 20, M and 60 milfl. Snowy-White Linens make you feel cooler and cleaner. Your white waists, skirts, underwear, and your table-cloths and other house hold linens can be made a spotless white with which also disinfects and purines. Will not injure fmest fabrics. Directions on can. At all first class grocers and drug gists large can 15c. Ref use all sub stitutes which may be stale and worthless. Send for Booklet A. MENDLESON'S SONS Eatabliahad 1870 120 Broadway New York City Faetory, Albany, N. Y.