Newspaper Page Text
Foes of Food
Bill in Senate Admit Defeat Pa,sage Within Three Days of Conference Report Predicted Hoover Faces Attack Reed Will Flrt Broadside at Administrator To? day - r Tnt.un. Bureau 1 f/ABHINGTON, Aug. 5.- The con-, ?afflBfl* report on the food control bill I will pa-a tRr ^<Iiate unehanged wthin tbe ntxt three days flt the outside, ac- ; cordmr t0 tne rr('dlction of Senators j (ioiely II ' ??*? ' ' 'uation. It tjajBBjjetfld ' r Ko(d* of Mis" ?flflfl, ?"!*? ' ? '"'od dcal of tim9i again to-morro\v. probtably supplcment |flj haa twohour speech of Saturday with * personal atUck on Herbert C. Hoover. Itis said that Senator Reed has man .fested lfl* ffflflitflfll industry during the time tfl* f<"'li bill Wflfl lfl conference jn gathermg material btaring on Mr. Hoover'? cup tr. Tlw Missouri Senator <j:d net use th. material Saturday, but it h not thoupht he will permit a vote on the measure until he has had his Mfl in this conncction. Although there lat been aomo talk of invoking the modified cloture to shut off Senator Reed, if hia remarks become too pro tracted, there is small likelihood that this will be necessary. _ Senator Keed's opposition to the food bill nuw Ifl only formal. He has talked volumes on the measure already, and it ia beyond ?**?? his powers of glibness and lung capacity tfl Iflfll Ionger than to-morrow Ifl maintaining an effective blockade of the bill. Morrover. Sen? ator Reed is too good a politician not to aee that he is beaten. lt is only a question flf ? <!ay or two of delay now, and thia will not add to the zest of his opposition. May Gain Some Support To be sure. he may gain some small lupport from Senators Hardwick, of Georgia, who is opposed tfl the sweep mg grant of powers carried in the bill; Hollis, of New Hampahir*, who con tends'that tkfl flflflMOrfl rflpflfll* sec? tions of the ClflTtflfl tantl-tTflflt act and is a threat to labor, and Gronna, of North Dakota, who maintflinfl that one of the amendmer/s written into the bill in conference permits unrestricted food gambling by prpduce exchanges and boards of trade. Senator Gronna haa already served notice that he will make a point of order against this lat? ter provision of the bill under the li cenaing section on the ground that it is new legislation lnserted in confer? ence. But even with a measurably vigor ous opposition from these Senators and from Senators Penrose, of Penn ij-lvania; Sutherland, of Utah; Sher? man, of Illinois, and France, of Mary . a!l of WflOafl voted against the bill when it passed the Senate by the overwnelming majority of 81 to 6, the chance of a further protracted delay : in lt* passage n at a minimum. i The two features of the bill which ?fflflflisflaj to give trouble in obtaining adoption of the conference report were the two Senate amendments, one providing for a board of three, instead of a single food administrator, and the other the Weeks proposal for a joint Congressional committee to supervise the cxpenditure of war appropnations. Senate to Reverse Itself The President has taken such an un comprom.sing stand for one-man food control that there is little doubt that the Senate will repeal its vote of 60 to 13 in favor of the food board admin utration. The board of three pro poial submitted by Senator Gore re? ceive 1 the strong approval of the Sen? ate before. because many Democratic reguiars thought the President would accept such a char.pe in the measure without strong objection. This er roneoua report was carried to the Sen? ate, it is competently stated, by a Cabinet offieer whose chief avocation in Waahington is teaching Congress hew to legislate. If there is a sepa rate vote on this feature of the bill, as aeemi practically assured, there will b? a marked flfljifl in the vote, it is predicted. Regarding the week's plan for a joint Congressional committee on the cor.duct o? the war, the other amend rr.en: in ccntention. the Massachusetts Senator haa said he will do nothing more than to ask for a record vote on bia arr.tr irxr.t Me has no intention of tieiaying the bill by precipitating a fight for ita ado;nion as part of the food flilL He will, however, he states, duee the prooosal as an amend mer.*. U tflfl revenue bill and to every lacceedir.g war measure e-???? Economy Offsets British Ship Loss Exporters Patient in Bear ing Hardships Imposed by U-Boat Warfare LONDON', Aug. 5.?Some of the com J*'a*tiona of the Fubrr.arine situation are editorially pointed out in the cur ?sue of "The Daily Chroniele." ? ?r.ace is adniitted to be scrious, bat the .'.? ua , held to be not alto ;<e. ' hronicle": "It laould be fooli*h to underrate the iBbr-.a- flfl rnay aaauredly **?* eomfort in th-? fact that the ocean tor.nage flf the United Kingdom . with J" aflJ flt of the war. J4flfl*| ,n ,? ? flflfl fl tfl ? con-i.derable extent been neutralized by economies! in the use of tonnage. Distant voy-1 ages have been replaccd by short voy ages, far fewer vessels are trading in the Kar Kast, and many more are eiti-j ployed on the great Atlantic routes. "This policy, though sound in itself, has inflicted grwit hardship on the British manufacturers who make com moditie8 for export. The cotton trade is a conspicuous victini of these ab-' normal conditions. Our commercial in-. :? rooto have suffered r.lso by calling back to home wut<-rs ships that were, wont to voynge between the Pacitic ports a lucrativf trade now left tfl neutrals. Whilo these sacrifices, like many other sacrifices necessitated by the 'war, are patiently bortie by our people, it is ritrht thut the world should j be informed of th^m. "A more economtcal use of tonnage is not enough. The depredations of the I'-boats must be stopped. For this we ] ? ntly look *o the navy. whose | nnti-suhtr.arine devices are steadily im-1 provmg. Al for tho lost tonnage, it must be made good by an energetic shipbuilding policy such as that Sir Joseph Maclay has now in hand." Greeks Cheer King As He Takes Oath Alexander Formally Ac cepts Crown--Venizelos Acclaimed by Crowds ATHFNS. Aug. 4 (Delayed).?King Alexander to-day took the oath of office amid great pomp and ceremony. Pre ceded by a troop of soldiers, the King, in a carriage drawn by four horses, proceeded from the paiace to the hail of the Chamber of Deputies through streets lined with cheering citizens. Kearhing tho chamber at 10:30 O'cloch, the King was met bv a parlia mentary committee. the Council of Ministers and tho clergy and escortcd to tho legislative hail, which was pro fuscly decorated with flowers and na? tional flags. The diplomatic corps was present in full dTOOO and the chamber was tillcd with t'eputies, ministers and | 14 ' The King wore the white uniform of a general, with numerous decorations. His entrance was the signal for cheers, which he bowingly acknowledged. Ai he remained standing to take the oath Premier Venizelos was at his right and the President of the Chamber at his left. The oath was taken upon a Bible handed him by the officiating Bishop of the C.reek Churci.. As this portion of tho ceremonv was concluded the hail rung with cries rf "Long live Alex? ander! " "Long liTO the Constitution! and "Long live Venizelos!" King Alexander then read the speech from the throne on the future attitude of GreoCO toward the bclligerent powers. T.R.Lauds Aero Club's Great Air Fleet Plans Destruction of Pruaaianism Depends on Aerial Suc? cess, He Says The Aero Club of America made pub? lic yesterday the following letter from Colonel Theodore Roosevelt: "I heartily congratulate the Aero Club of America on its efforts to se : cure a great aerial government pro? gramme here in America. This country, which gave birth to aviation, has so far lagged behind that now, three years after the great war began and six months after we were dragged into it, we still have not a single machine : competent to fight the war machmes of our enemies. We have to trust en , tirelv to the machines of our allies. "Ai vou well say. this should be the ? fifth ann of our army, and it should be I made a long-reaching weapon, to use ' effectively, if conditions at any time. 1 arise that will enable it to strike the ; decidingblow. "lt mav be utterly impossible to strike tha"t blow w.thout a thoroughly effective air force, and it is utterly im rtoaaibla to iraproriae such a force. It 1 has been unpardor.able folly on our part as a nation that for three years, with thia great war staring M in the face we have absolutely fusled to pre pare for it, and our folly has been at least as marked as regarda aviation as ; in anv other field. No one can tell , how long this war will last. "If we are true to ourselves we will 1 make it last just as long as is neces aan IB order to sccure the complete ' overthrow of the Prussianized Ger 1 manv of the Hohen/.ollerns. Therefore, we should at once begin to prepare on 1 the largcst scale for warfare in the i air"_. Plattsburg Camp To Close August 14 Men to Study Administration Duties This Week; Get Paid To-day PLATT8BUBO, Aug. 5.?With only nine days remammg for the present training camp here, this week will be devoted largely to the instruction of the men in administration affairs of the army. Announcement was made to-day that the camp will formally close Tucsday of next week, when all members who are to |OB*0 will be dis The pavment of July salaries will be? gin to-rnorrow, and it is expected that all the men will be paid by Wednesday. li. for.- leaving camp the men will be paid for the fourteen days of the pres I -r.t month which will be due them. The Right l.ev. William Lawrence, ' Epiocopal Bishop of MaBBaehoaetta, a* .... | . i:,,-. Dr. Samaal 8. Drary, ' rector of St Pnal'a School, Concord, ' X II conducted the closing religious ?erviee* it tho Camp V. M. C. A. thia imorr. Bf Very Boy. J. H. Drlaeoll I celebrated mass for Ihe Catholic meav Of the camp in the post gytnna " There wa? the usual Sunday evening talamOBt IB the open air stadium I to-night. 1 (% Per MONTH ON 1 ** PLEDGE OF PERSONAL PROPERTY THE PROVIDENT LOAN SOCIETY OF NEW YORK_ Applicattona for loans of large amounts will be considered at th* office at Fourth Avenue MAMIATTAN Fourth Avenue, cor. 25th StreeU F.ldndge St.. <or. Rmngton St. F.et.1 HflflflflBfl Staj ??*? f??e? SU Seventh Av., Let. 46th 6t 49th Stl. Lexington Av., cor. 124th St. Grand St., ror. Clinlon St. W 72d St.. bet. Lenngton & 3d A?i. EtjVfc Av.. flflr. I27ih Si. HKONX O.urtlanrlt Av.. flflf, I4fllh Sl. Ill.Kll> Smith St.. cor. Lmngiton Sl. Graham Av., flfl*. Dflbflflfliflfl St. PlflaBJ Av . <;r. R',' kaway Av. Enemies Within How the Honorable Institution of Free Speech in the United States Has Fallen Into the Hands of Disloyalists cvpvrlKht, 1S17, The I The defendant [Postmaster Thomas (I. Patten, says that the cartoons nnd text for the magazine, constituting as they eertainly do, a viruler.t attack on the war and those laws which have been enact ed to assist Ita proaeeotioB, may interfere with the success of the military forces of the L'r.ited States. That such utterances may have the tffect so ascribed to them la unhappily true. Publications of this kind onervate public feeling at home, which is their chief purpose, and encourage the ^uccess 01 the enemies of the I'nited States nhroad. to which they are generally indiffercnt. DisaenaioB within a country is a high source of comfort and assistance to its enemies; the least intimation of it they seize upon with jabllatlon. There cannot be the i-lightest ciuestion of the mischievous effects of such agita? tion upon the success of the na? tional project, or of the correctness of the defcndant's position.? From the, opinion of Judge Learned Hand, of the I'nited State* Court for the Southern District of New York. in the ac? tion reeuUing from the attempt of the Postoffice Department to har the Augurt number of Max Kastman's magazine, "The Masttes," from the bbOMIb. Having so characterized the nature of the un-Amencan matter printed in "The MaOOOO" and having forecast its moral consequences, the court never theless felt obliged to hold that the orTending publication could not be barred from the BUsilo. It did not fall under the ban of th," law for the tech? nical reason that the matter complained of, objectionable though it was from every American point of view, did not directly counBei any one to com mit a breach of law. Thac is to say, the nature of the offence was moral, not legal. Subtle Nature of the Un-American Propaganda The case illustrates the difficultie* with which the government is con fronted in its efforts to suppress a widespread and systcmatic propaganda which aims to baffle the nation in war. A court is disposed to traat each eaao Boparately on Ita ?.erita. Within the rules of evidence it is hard to bring before it the abutting facts of a hun drod other eaaoo. The individual is prone to take the same point of view. The instance produces a feeling of disgust, but one puts it aside with the comment that such license of speech will defeat it? self, or, in the end, be dealt with sum marily by the outraged patriotism of the community in which it occurs. But when one learns that the instance is inseparable from a nation-wide body of propaganda, that the disloyal senti rr.ents which produce in him a react'.on of disgust are being repeated daily in a svstematic manner by newspapers, periodicals and circulars printed ifl Kr.ghsh and in nearly all the languages of Kurope, that each twenty-four hours tons of such literature are launched upon the mails, and that w'hat one 0001 and reads accidentallv is not the dis ease itself, but merely a symptom of it then one begins to realize that the. ancient institution of free speech has been occupied bv the country's enemies. The propaganda is la some eaaea financed by German money. It is touched nearly everywhere by German influence. The enemy without cla-ps hands covertly with the enemy within. A Partial List of The Propagandists Rometimes the propagandist is open and brutal in the extreme; sometimes he makes nn effort, or only the very slightest effort, to conceal the German Influenees behind him, while again it is most ingeniously insidious. A list of only a few of the publications OB* gaged in this anti-American work will f Cali/orma train femc* Fred Harvey Meals .*? t?xcur$ion ticketj aao ? 127 ? ?.'..f>va" Oeo. C. PlTlar-I. f> 377 and ItM Brea4 1'bone, lrank.1 **mo*j*****ao?*o?*oo*"mm " Aasoelatlon serve to show how ramified the effort is to hamper the government in the prosecution of the war. There are a doren in New York alone: The Blatt, HuU. The [)awn, b'arts, Fi'ur Liphtt, ffaelir American, Qolos Trudn, L'Avrrnira, The Mattet, Mother Earth, The Catt, VUrerk'tt Wtekly. ln Chieeea is The Ameriean Socialist. Here are some others: The Melting Pot in St, Louis, The Appeal to Reaeen in Girard, Kansas; The Arizona Sorislitts' Bulletin in I'hoenix, Arizona; The Battle Ase in l'anville, Virginia; The Citizen in Schenectady; The Industria'. Worker in Seattle; Indwttriaiistn, in Duluth; The Jeffemoninn in Thompson, Geor ;ria; The Labor Newt in Eureka, California; L'Ern Nuove in I'ater son; The Michiyan Socialist in De? troit; The New Times in Minncap olis; The Ohio Socialist in Clevpland; Thr People's Vrc** in Philadelphia; The Rehel in Halletsville, Texas; Thi Social Revolution in St. Louis; The Social War in Chicago; Solidar it]i in Chicago; The Spokane Social? ist in Spokane, and The Yettow Jaeket in Moravian Falls, North Carolina. Thi.s list covers only a very small proportion of the puhlications, news? papers, magazines and pamphlets is Iflflfl] in favor of di?!oyal propaganda. It ia intended simply tfl show how thoroughly the propagandists cover the country. Two Varieties of The Attack Two varieties of the propaganda are well illustrated by "The Socialist News." of Cloveland, and "The New York Call." "The Socialist News" usea n hludgeon. In its issue of May 26 it said: "The 'Liberty bonds' this country is hflckfltflriflflj are apt to be worth so much per pound us waste paper at the end of the war. together with aimilar bonds which Europe has been selling during thfl past t?Iflfl years." And: "lt is not to be wondered at that the ruling class, through its tools in WflflhiflftOBi put the conseription law on the s'atute books to bludjreon the people into fighting, as they bludgeoned thfl people into the war. They may yet learn that a people unwilling to fight cannot be made to fight. The history of the Civil War conseriptionlaw may he repeated in the year 11*17." "The New York Call" is the m sidious kind. Hiding behind a screen, it deftly suggests a "bloody revolu? tion." in its issue for July 0 it said: "Might we venture to observe, with? out being accused of advocating the thing we predict, that assassination among the kings ;'nd miphty ones on earth is not unlikely to become both fr, ijuent and fashionable in the neai future'.' That i?, flf course, if thicken ing rumors portend the future reality of the flflflfltfl lumored. . . . It may bfl true that there will he aomethins doing along this line in the near fut? ure though. let us say right now, tfl escape the wrath of Hoosevelt, that we condemn beforehir.d, and even abhoi and detest and denounce, all assassina? tion or attempts Bt it. ? ? ? Bu' BflYerthflaflflSf the rumors are here, and much as we denounce and condemn it it is an unfortunatc fact that there if such a thing as assassination. as Mr Hoosevelt knows himself from personal experience. "But again protesting our mora! op? position to these hideous conditions may we venture to observe that foi flOBlfl ob?cure reason it would appeal thflt there is not sufficient murder ir the world at present? . . . We shal; not attempt to eNplain this phenome non. So we will merelv observe in con? clusion that if these hideous rumors dc crjstallize into realities of the future we denounce them in advance of theii > the Cec_>___y I wh (blomcfcu 1 MOTcoJtote j le tip fn the Sky ] Grand Ginyon j YoseiMtefl*** j *iw ujuttl* ?tl summ*?fx Low /are round trip AxV for Summer Qtfind foUersj, i. Eaatern Paaa. Artu, way. New York City. in JJlu aad 3*01. _I REVOLUTION ASCENDANT ?Front page eartoOO from The Naw York Call, July 15, 1917 . happenings, and that ought to let us 1 out. It is a mad world, no doubt; sup posedly in fear of 'bloody revolution. too. Well it does, Borhapo. fear revo? lution, but the other Well, that's mighty doubtful. Loohfl on the face of it like love, rather than fear." Going West one rinds this in "The Arizona Socialist Bulletin'': "Workers, refuse to take up arms against the ? workers of r.ny country. lt the fOT* ernment forces you into the army. use their guns against them to overthrow their power and emancipate yourselvcs from slavery." miiiivna ui ??? -"?* ?.-???-?? ?-_---? them to involuntary servitude, civil and military, the Constitution of the I nited States becomes a de -pisej scrap of paper, and our republic 1* already at the goal of repuhlics which proceded it, namely, military despotism, after which come corruption, class strtig gles, decrepitude and inanition, or es IntO new life by a bloody revolu- j tion." | This is the point to which all the propagantta ultimately lcads REVO? LUTION. Evans Widow Settles Suits Mrs. Carrie A. Evans, who claimed to 1 by'the widow of Frank M. Evans, East I ern agent of the California Wme Growers' Association, has settled her six suit- ogaiast lv,- estate for 12,750.1 This became known through the filir.g of th.- appraiaal of the estate in the I Sarrogatea' Court. Mr. Evans died in Philadelphia on Mav Z5| ItlC He made no mention of j ii wife' in his will. The estate was smaller than expected. the gross value | I in the appraisal being plaeed at $40,653,1 I the net estate amounting to $25,205.| Prestdent Li Is Better Refuses to Reaume Dutiea aa Chineae Ruler PEKING, Wednesday, Aug. 1 (De layed.l? Li Yuan-hung, the former President, who has been in the French hospital since the time of the recent erisis, left that hospital to-day and returned to his private residence tn ?he Chineae city. Acting President I I eng Kwo-chang, who arrived m Peking to-dav. called upon Li Yuan-hung after ?he latter reached his home and urged j him to roaBOao the pre?:dency. Li Yuan-hung declined, however. to comply with the request of the acting president, expreeaing the ?desire to re* tire permanently from public life. His hope was, he said, that Feng Kwo-chang would have a successful administra tion. _ A Peking dispatch Saturday night, in reporting the arrival of Feng Kwo ebang in the capital, indicated the con ferenee he was expected to have with l.i Yuan-hung was regarded as a for- ! mality. as there was no expectation that 'General Li would resume the presidencv. to which office the lmme diate inauguration of Fcng-hwo-chang was looked for. a -? Stovall Opens Swiss Home Minister Wins Applause with Address on Cordial Relations BF.KNE. Aug. 5. - Pleasant A. S. Stovall. the Inited States Minister to Switzerland, was one of the principal speakers yesterday at the opening of a new soldiers' home at Solothurn. He was the only foreign diplomnt invited to attend the ceremonies. This was due to the fact that Americans have pro? vided funds for two Swiss soldiers* homes. In an address, which was gcn erouslv applauded, Mr. Stovall sketched the cordial relations between the I'nited States and Switzerland. "As long as Mr. Wilson has been President and I have been Minister to Switzerland there always have existed the best and hearticst feelings," BO said. ADVERTISEMENT The outlook's capital! Men's Summer suits that were higher?$25 now. Boys' Norfollcs?including the best that we make? $8.50, $10.50 and $12.50 now. For Soldiers! AraiT Offlcera' Vnlforma cf top qnaJtty O. I>. s?r*e. Ke*id.T-to-we*w. $.*>. "Weatpolnter" sh*?Sfa The lasat offlHaJly approveal for the Wert Point C?drte. 8*?0. The ??Koa;er?-Pe?-f' Camp Tollet 1 a?asa. 83.33. Rogers Feet Company Broadway Broadwaf atl3thSt. "The at34thSt Four Broadway Corners" Fifth Ave. atWarren at41stSt, 14th Street, near Fourth Avenae* ri-iiiirv/to lOAPWAT II BU 0TB. criMIILLI O (ijo,M.iair)fr--m l* ui ? I* IM*. flfltl < ? f III FOR INDIGESTION AND OYSPEPSIA .Ifly.1! ,.fl fl*fl! fl-tfla 4,4 .!?*..? a| ,L, , i ^ | flj I iii ?*>? iniiflfB.li i flfli ai ii i iBjnaa aflfl *? '?" iflfl Ori$inaWme Gum m-***-*^-* a ? i a n , i , i_? *_ I'l a bi ii H 1 ?? i b, * And here's a little bit of advice to you. Always carry a few packages of Adams Pepsin Gum and chew it often. It will keep your stomach in perfect trim and will help you keep a cool head in the thick of battle. Your job will be here, when you come back, Jack. am s PEPSIN THE BIG BUSINESS-MANS GUM Cooling Peppermint Flavor ??