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Keto JJork sTribnne
First to Uit-the Trath: Newa?Editorial*? Advertleements XantHM oi tha Aiultt Burrao ot cirtulatkm*. MONDAY. AKHW 6, 10P Ownad an<t BBtMksl dall* br Tha Trltnir.a Assodatton. a Nrw Tork QllllllBia <>iJ*? R?'J. rr-asMwt; O. ^ -sxw Homs. Vlee-Pr?ldtut; Bicha/tl a Wslrto. Baeee'.arr: l. A Su'ar. Tteasur-r. AJdrr**. 'lY.bun* Building, IM PJBBBl 8::e-*!. Nta- Tork. Talaplioi)*, Baeauian !00*. ?rBSCTUTTION RATT-S-Bt Mail. Pcatalo PsW. cwt |M? of Orea'sr New York: _ BaBj ar.d Kun<JtT. 1 m| .TA Patly enUr. 1 month.....? ?? na:* ai.d Sunda*. ? mos Itl Un!r cr'r. 4 KonUi*.... ? " Daily aodBucda.. 1 r?a- s M Psilr ot!/. 1 -*???.???? Pui.Jay oulr. 0 iro;.trj . 1 5 Su-,J.a* onl* 1 ??ar.i ?J rORF.ION' RAT^. I CAVADIAN "A]?* DAn.Y AXD M'.PAT. PA1LY kXO BOTIUT. Saa Bssatl.li ii or* re?!.'-*..? ?*? Ors >f.r ..ts.01 4)na jear..'.V ..x ? Y ONLT Ba.Ml Om bmssO. ?" Ona rei.-.ti I'" 0:,e J**l.;???? *?' Or.a mo/i . 1 C? One month. Ot>? )-??-? lS.88|0b* <-ar... .f-l ISI 8V.:-r*** al lha IVfoSea a'. New York as Kteoiid Clua Ma.l Vali-r You raa tsirri a.-e loarcfcardlaa adaertliad ln TlIE TJJUBl'NI >???,'>r if rtissitWarttou rra-jl'j in ai.. . ? i*aa*aet**i io r?* farn i i aj I. . fii rr?t.eal Na rrl ?l?. BS SSObSBBB w? ml'-? gcoJ **esBB*B ii lb* sOm l ? J1*" a**, The War Tax Bill In ita rcvirioa upward of the wnr tax bill the Senato Fiaarteo Committee avokUd any r:u!i l rjNsriaaMBta. It sensibly rejected the suggestion thnt the normal income tax rate be increased to 6 per cent. The rate is now 2 per cent, and has been raised by the House of Represcntntives to 4 per cent. The Finance Committee leaves it at 4. Innsmuch as the exemption has been lowered to $1,000, a normal rate of 6 per cent would have put an unduly severe bur? den on the very large class of persons with incomes ranging from $1,0 0 to $5,000. Such a rate would not have been justifiable in a first war tax bill?a bill, moreover, which lays only a moderate tax on excess war profits. The ommittec raised the normal Jncome tax rate for corporations to 6 per cent and Ftopned at that. This increase is ex? pected to produce $162,000,000. The tax on incomes of $15,000 and more was raised slightly. producing about *2T.<)00,000. The remainder of the $328,000.000 needed was obtained chiefly by added taxes on dis Ulled and fermonted liquor.. The committee decided to add only $5,000,000 to the excess profits tax. It is plain that excess war profits will become eventuaily one of the greatest sources of war rrvenue. The House of Representa tives did not foresee this. We judge from Chairman Kitchin's shallow criticism of the Senate committee's work that he is still iacapabk of an enlightencd judgment on this poiat The House bill raised only $200,000,000 from excess war profitr.. The Senate committee's measure aims at rais Ing tM2.000,000. Ir.asmuch as this judi cious shift af the tax balance is sure to encounter the oppositta of the parochial and banigtataBs Mr. Kitchin and of many of his House associates, the Senate leaders rray think it prudent not to try just now to rccover war profits on the scale on which they ought to be recovered. It ls, :ertatr\ however, that as the pressure for j new tax-.ition increases this source of rev enue wiil be drawn on more and more freely. Taxation of excess profits is the most cquitable form of war taxation. It represer.ta an nutomatic readjustment; so far r.s it goes it makes the profits which war conditions create pay for the war. Mr. Kitchin has put forward the aston ishing argument that an excess profits tax ?Jiscriminates against the persons and cor? porations which were relatively less pros? perous before the war and are relatively more prosperous now, and in favor of these who Wtre prosperous before the war and l rre still prosperous only in about the same degree. But that discrimination is the very OOBfTifO of an excess profits tax. If thero were no exct bo profits, due to war :ondititT.s, thero could be no excess profits tax. ! ordinary average profits ran be reached in other ways, through cther form* of taxi'tion. It would hare beea surprisinp if Mr. Kitchin had not attacked tho Finance Committee's bill. He i? the natural enemy nf a?iy rational and constructive scheme of taxation. Hifl poiat of view is always nar rov.-iy BQftioml Whether the incidence of taxation il fair or not doesn't bother him. f>o long as his own people can dodge said incidence. The most superficial comparison cf the bill which j BBOed tiio House on May 29 and the bill v.hi'h the Senate il to take up this week will laoaj to what enormous advan tage the slovenlv work of the House has reen r i ..? Senate committee has stricken OBT the obnoxkBOJ rctr..active inepme tax for 1016, designed to raise 1100,000,000. lt has dropped the ridicu lous 10 per cent horizontal incr? tariff duties, iacladiag duties on foo.lstufTs and cssential rnw materials. It has dropped the BOJttallj ridiculous flat 10 per cent levy <>n articles now on the free list. It has diaeardad annoying taxes on g:is, ric iu'ht and teiephone bills, jewelry, insurance policies, elub duei, musicil in strurnents, etc. It has nearly tripled the taxes on ezeeso profits, and it hay added a bank eaeck tax, one of th? simplest and : of emergeruy taxes. It has drawn a bill wh.'h UlueeatretOB taxation of scattering it and which apportlons burdens wi?h BOBBf duyrvc of scientitic sys t*m. A workaUe, weil balanced bill has cupplantcd a cru ie and amateurish one. On one point, however, as The Tribune haa said before, the Senate's judgment Is at fault. It has yielded to the influencea which have so long obstructed a reform of oor poatal system. It has failed to grarp the opportunity, which the House grasped. to withdraw the costly suhsidy granted to tho benefifiariM of undercharges on sec? ond class postal matter. The government r.eeds money. It should <ease to carry aaxond c!a?s mail at a huge annual loss, limply becauae the publishers of a*w*V papers and magazines with a long haul circulation have come to regard ?n ab surdly cheap postal rate as one of the "raw materials" of their industry. The House is entitled to credit fcr rais? ing second class mail rates and for estab lishing a zone system of charges, payment tc be proportionate to the length of the haul. The Senate committee has restored the second class subsidy and tried to palli ate its surrender by imposing a special discriminatory profits tax on publishers, vhether or not they benefit from the cheap second class long haul. This is merely excusing one wrong by doing another. Wc hope that the Senate will have the couragc to defy the postal subsidists and to restore the House rates on second class matter. The Enemy in the House If the cook is lacking in patriotism, she can be fired. But what about Husband? We would not say it cannot be done. In? deed, with the rich records of the Domestic Relations Court staring us in the memory, we may coniidently predict a tale before long of an irate patriot haling her spouse into court for throwing her corn bread and rrtfljrflrfld radisii tops in her face. The court i>: irdced willing, but its methods are crude. The average woman must be pre? pared to deal with treason in the family as tho occasion and her own inspirations may dictate. Warning that she must be prepared for rerious troub'e in this quarter is given in the current issue of the Food Bulletin of the Women's City Club. An ominous note pervades the entire shcet. Food con servation is not the joyous undertaking it appeared to be from a distance, but for that reason it is to be the more seriously v.ageJ. Husbands and sons have been heard from who ''will not eat emall fish because they do not like the bones"; dis tracted women want to know how they can go without wheat, because "none of us eats corn bread or rice." Such complaints the Bulletin handles with a brevity comparable only to the offi? cial war bulletins. "Why take these fam? ily prejudices as final?" it demands. "If our families will not discipline their stom achs, we must do it for them." One cannot choose between a husband with Liberty bonds and one with a con stitutional dislike for roast beef. One must keep the husband that has been visited upon her, pius his bonds, and di von o him from hi3 fondness for beef, lamb, bread, butter, artichokes and all, This first engagement won, the com pleat patriot mu::t turn her attention to the kitchen, tstamping out hidden channels of aid and comfort to the enemy. There has been a rumor for many weeks that all German housemaids in this country have taken a solemn oath to waste every ounce of food they can lay their hands on to pre? vent its going to the Al'ies. There has been also, not unconfirmed rumor, but un questionable fact, that many housemaids were doing that same thing, without re course to oath. for tho sheer love of the game. Por such as these, be they anti British penotU with a brogue or anti economy persons with a color, or anti-au thority persons with minds of their own, there is to be shnrt rhrift in war time. The Bulletin puts it bluntly: "Ycu are the cap? tain of that domestic service ship. What right have you to a cook who opposes na? tional endeavor?-' This is not all. The Bulletin sees fur? ther into the horrors of the domestic war. "What right have you to a cook at all?" it asks. "What are you doing with your own fair hands to justify you in keeping an ab!e-bodied woman out of the munitions factories, or the canneries, or the cloth :ng shops, where she might be helping the war?" This comes pretty near to common sense, and viil be welcome reading to hordes of unrighteous spinsters who have laughed themselves into ncrvous declines over the stories of economical ladies who have been ohilfod to take on extra gardeners to weed the radish patch, and who send the limou sine to town three days a week in order that Gwendolyn may take lessons in mak? ing war bread. And since editors of this generation are seldom i.hot for their effu sicns it is safe to say that the cornfed hus? band wiil take it out in growling and leave the Bulletin securc in its offices to plan its next drive on the enemy within the home. Germany's Naval Prospect Captain IVr.-ius ha* never proved a' isfactory M a suppurter of oflicial opin ions on sea affairs, or at least of those opinions which are prepared for t\e con? sumption of the German populace. His review of the third year of naval warfare may be accepted by his fellow officers, but it, itoea HOt arcord with what the people have been told to believe or what they have been led to expect. lt is profoundly disappoir.ting. Let us go back to the Battle of Jutland . . tor what the Kaiser himself in his address to the fleet proclaimed as the iJences of that celebrated Germnn vietory. Aft' r a great deal al out wait ing in vain for "the gigantic fleet of Albion" ar,d a picturesque description of the tardy appearance of the tyrant which had "sur routided ItflOlf v.'ith a nimbu1- of invinci bility," the F.mperor went on: "Thus the superior British armada ap bodi our fii'ft rmgrjaged it, and what happened? Tho British fleet was beaten! The first great hammer blow mi struck and the flimbufl of British world suprem acy had disappeared! . . . That is the ; of the Battle of the North Sea. A Mfl chapter in the hi-tory of the world has been opi'.-ied by you. . . . In these day?, when the enemy before Verdun is slowly beginning to collapse, when our allies have drivc n the Italians from moun txiin to mountain and are still driving them back, you have accomplished this .beautiful and grand deed. The world flrtM prepared for anything, but never for the vietory of tho Gern.aa fleet over the British. . ? . Fear will orfljtp into tbe bones of tha aoaamf. Hoys, what you have rJOM you did for our latherland, so that for all time it may have a free way on all i the seas for its industry and its strength.") Now Captain Persius has fcrgotten a!l j j this or ignores it. Just as if the Kaiser j Ihad never spoken at all, he calmly tells j ' the readers of the "Berliner Tageblatt" I that the British fisct is powerful enough 'to-day to justify its claim to the control ! of the sea and that the German fleet is ! unfit to meet it. Indeed, he goes on to admit that "every intelligent German" knows piratica! submarine war is ths on'.y means by which to convince the British ;that it is "profitable to diseuss peace,'' and, even so, it may take a long t;me to Lring about the desired end. This is all very discouraging. A year ? ago Mr. Riddcr was assuring his readers j ' here that the invasion of England had ? 1 been made a certainty by the victory so ' noisily proclaimed by his master the; Kaiser. while Captain Persius insists that: the German fleet must be content with . the more modeyt task of kecping the enemy off Itl own coast. That wi'.l be a great dlsappointoaent to Mr. Ridder, but he, might have foreseen it if he had paid as raoeh attention to the warnings of German | naval officers as he did to the f rothy | 1 rhetoric of the Kaiser. Infccted Courtplaster Reports continue to come from many quarters of the discovery of tetanus bacilli j in courtplaster. The latest sample was] sent to the Public Health Service by the j > State Board of Health in Ohio and proved ? Ltyond doubt to be infected. It is said ! ' that in some districts pedlers have been j industrious in distributing packets of such plaster, especially among potentiul har- j veatBtl, and that some of the pedlers are German; hence, the conclusion is drawn | that German agents are at work spreading , disease principally for the purpose of spoiling the harvest. This is highly improbable. It is true , that no less an authority than Pr. C. P. ] Steinmetz, who ought to know the Ger? mans pretty well, and certainly cannot be suspected of an anti-German bias, pre dicted long ago that sooner or later patho-; genic germs would be used by them as an ; 1 instrument of war. It is true, too, that j iliajpiee.ltIII of disease would not be much | I worse than some other devices undoubtedly I I attributable to German ingenuity. But I the use of courtplaster for the propaga- -, | tion of tetanus is not ingenicus enough and would probably not produce results sufficient to justify the trouble of prcpai ing it and disposing of it. The story, in short, may be doubted for the same reason i that we doubt the wild stories about the inoculation of Belgian and French popula Cons with tuberculosis and leprosy and what not. Some one or other associated wi*h one of the great medical supply companies is credited with the statement that the pres '. ence cf tetanus bacilli could not poeaibly be established experimentally. That is nonsense, of course; but there is no clear evidence that Germans have anything to do with the matter, and tlie probability is that if they wished to spread tho disease they would go about it in another way. There is no moral to be drawn from the reports except this: Don't use court? plaster! The proposed changes in Central Park ' might have Rttracted more favorable eom ment from "The Evening Mail" if they had been compared with the gardens at Sans Souci rather thaa those of the Luxembourg. A Correction j To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: In to-dny's Tribune you have n re j port of a speecli delivered before the Amcrl , can Luncheon Club in London by Mr. PoflB* i eroy Burton, whom you describe as editor of , the London "Daily Mail." Mr. Tomeroy llurton is s wel! known, ab'.c Near Yorkcr who 1| mannp-er, not editor, of ! the London "Daily Mail," and the. views he expressed to his American eompatriots in London wero his own individual American ! views, and not those of the London "Daily Mail," which is edited by Mr. Thomas Mai ! lowe, whose views are expressed la that jour ; ral every day. NORTHCl.IFFE. Xew York, Aug. o, 1317. Red Cross "Dividends" (J"khsi Thr ?prk*0M*U /?cj>;.'.>' Those corporations which declared tiivi (lend? for the bOBOflt of the P.ed Cross aro i ot likely to undertako anything of that nort Bgaia. It was a method open to eritidaBt, and the fact that the shareholders turned over to thu object named less than 10 per cent of the amount represented by the divi 1 dend checks showa the extent of the opposi ? tien from BhaTOhoMors. Whether tho direc ' tors pOBBOOOod the right us trustees for the shareholders to take the action which they did is open to challciige, and in certain cases may reach the courts for udjudicatio:.. It is eontended that if any corporation, company or trust has any extra funds for dividends it ll the right of shareholders to receive them and decide what they will do with their nior.cy In very many cases those who re? ceived these so-called Red Cron dividends had already given ns much money for war leiief purpos"? ac they could gpare. It did aot eoan oriti r.ood Rnice to tell such con tributors that tliey should turn over tho en? tire amount of this ipecial dividend to tho Red Cross. All these things ought to have been as well understood by directors of corporat'ons in udvance of the test which has been made of the att'tude of sharrrftlders ns they must bc now. No such BBthorlty as was exercised by corporations which declared special Red Croaa dlTideada il g-'-en to national bank3, and there is question of the propriety of having other corporations go beyond that ?rbiefa is pcrmitted tO batik.j in such a mat ti r. Ia tlie light of tho brilliant success of the Ubefty loan, and the poor success achieved by corporations through their Red Cross dividends, it is not likely that the latter procesa will be repeated. The aaajor* ity of men and wonn n do not care to be dra gooned in suoh a matter, while altogethrr willing to eontnbute of their means to i verything which will help in the pcosccution al the war. "On Ne Passe Pas" in fur VordaB tho patrloi baad Gave battle for their native land Aj;ainst the lluii, in dogged ra? Ai.d, <l>iii;r, braathad, "They shall not pass!" In Wl k BgtOB there stands to-dav BT hand BI llBI BI they: \ <a. -? ..!! | ??; lot i>:lls ala-' , I'hey, livmg, BWOBf, ''They ithe.il not pass!" LILLII C. MITCHELL i Sarat.,,., pril | . \. Y., July 30, 1017. Red Cross Arrogance Fair Play Asked for Independent Relief Societies To the Editor of The Tribunr. Sir: In his letter of August 1 Dr. Morton Prince haa voiced tbe opiniona of many thou? sands of patriotic Americans whose interest should be enlisted in Red Cross activities in ?tflfld of being antagonized by the autocratic, Prussian-Lke methods which the Red Cross has very unwisely flsaumed unto itself. For thfl past two years I have been a mem? ber of several war relief societies, nat any of them belonging to the Red Cross, for the simple reason that the *tted Cross was doing absolutely nothing to relicve the ternble war conditlona?at least among tkfl Entente Allies ?in the citlea in which I lived. At the rebirth of the Red Cross last June, in common with many others I joined that organlzation, expccting that harmony and co operation would be the treatment that the other war relief aocietics would receive. On the contrary, the only idea of the Red Cross upon the subject wa3 to absorb and control every other possible patriotic etTort. With f.nmboyant banner:; and flflfltfllfl they assume that the only philanthropic etTort be Iflf made for thi? war-atricken planet worth cenridering belongs to the Bfld Cross?in fr.ee of the fact that for two solid years when roBny of these new promoters of the Red Crots were appealed to for interest ijd assiatance in carrying out some humane wor* 'or Belgium. France, Poland, Italy or for our own Americans, who by thousands were scrv ing on the battle fronts, they showed the most astonishing inditference. Of the magnificcnt accomplishment? of the National Surgical Dressing.4 Committee I can speak from personal knowledge and cxpen rnce. Does President Wilson or Mr. Taft think for a moment that American human nature lfl so akin to that of the German sol? dier that Mrs. Willard and the thousands of American women who have workrd under her ?pkndM orj-anization ere going to subimt to being ordered to drop all previous associa tions and come under new and?ln some cases?unwise and incompetent leaders, or el<e do nothing? Such arro-ance on the part ot th* Red Cross during these tragic months is a great national blur.der, when all patriotic etTort, flll impulse to give or be of Bervica toward the suffering or wounded or dytng should b? sought, encouraged and coordinated. Harmony, coiirdination, cooperation should be thfl ipWt of the Red I rfl? flfl other rr.ethods will be tolerated. lt is an outrage upon common sensc, our American ideals of fair pi:iy, individual flflfldo? fli choice, to expect eubmission to the Bfld Crosa in its present methods of dealing with all the other scventv-four tifltflt flffll relief associationa. JUSTICE. Dunkirk, N. Y., Aug. 2, 1917. Hrlp Wanted for Belgians To thfl Editflf of The Tribun-. Sir: I appeal once mora to the generous American public for the Belgian Red Cross hospital at La Panne. In spite of the har.dl raps under which they labor, the Belgians have created, eight miles from the front, a hospital so fire that It is the model for others. Tho great laboratory for diagnosis and re search is built with tho money raiaed ln Afli?rtea by aeUao. Marie Doeaaa pnor to her ffltfll voyago W the Lusitania. Htr grave ls on the dunes near this great ambulanco cre? ated by tho genius of her husband, Dr. An toine Depage. I have Iflflt returned from La Panne and am flUfld with admiration for tha work done there. This dangerous location, frequently bombnrded by enemy aeroplancs, was delib erately chosen to give the most desperatcly wounded men the benefit rrf a fully equipped hospital at once, without the fatal delays and atrocious jolting of tho hospital trains. They are brought to the reception pavilion straight ! from the trencher. After operation *nd ! dresslng they remain there one night and , gain new strength before being even moved j across the road to the wards. In conaequence I the mortality is very low. The Belgians have lost their country and ' have not the resources that others have. La ! P.-.nne needs many thinga?surgical drenaings, I rubber equipment, clothing for the 6vacues, j etc. I am ln constant toueh with the hos I pital, and appeal to the friends of Belgium j for money with which to send them what they I need. All drafts sent me will be promptly i acknowledged. 1 can give as reference A. B. i Hepburn, vice-president of the Chase National j Bank, New York; George McAneny, former Borough Prssident flf Manhattan, 19 East Fcrty-seventh Street, New Yotk, and Mrs. i Mary Hatch Willard, chairman of the Na ! tional Surgical Dressings Committee of 1 America, 5'J West Thirty-ninth Street, New York. During the last two yeara, while I was ' ir. N-w York. many friends of Belgium helped '? me to forwfltd suppiies to La Panne. Now that I am nearer by three thousand miles, I can act to better advantage if those who ad ! mire the Belgians, es I do, and cherUh thfl inetr.ory of Mme. Dcpage, will continue to ! jupply me with the i.ecessary money. MISS MARTIIA R. WHITE. | V. ie Agar, Taris, ICth Arrt., France, June 26, ItlT. Dividends for the Red Cross To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: I wish to write a word of protest re? garding the practice that is being adopted by i some of the business corporations of declar ' ing dividend3 with tho request or suggestion that the stockholders give up these dividends in behalf of the Red Crosa. Having no per 1 sonal interest in the matter, I can write dis ' flflatflioBfltflly. Thflflfl are many small stockholders who can ill afford to go without the little contribution to ? modest income, espeeially in these time", m:d certainly with some of these the pressuro of opinion would result in their so doing. There is a coercion of opinion that ia as much coercion in effect as is that of physical force, I nnd thero is also an embarrassment of re fflj..!, especially in what concerns charity, that induces consent against iudgment or de l sir". ta such a situation I ahould prefer to re ! ceivo my dividends, even if I turned them right fl*e*4 r per.-onally to the P.ed Cross- and thi ? Bflt just for credit. But there is more of real human enjoymer.t in giving than in giving up in order that some one else may gfffl, Wi.ile recognizing the great flnancial needs ; of the Red Cross, I feel afao that the associa? tion Ifl asking for donations to pour in on n . ar an extravngant scale. There is al? ways danger, in the handling of enormous turai of other people's money, that there will be cnrelessness flad waate, to say the least. Thlfl is particularly trua of the American trmperan.ent and tendency. Even in spend Iflflj BBfl'l own money onfl is more likely to flrastfl a dollar with lifty in one's pocket than with only five therein, and the hiatory of handling other people's money is aeldom that of the dollar's valuo received for the dollar r 1 ? :.t, B? I believo that dividends should be ifl timti i without suggestion aa to their dl* poaal, and that those intereste.l b) eontribu tions to the Red I'ross should keep to the usual form of public or personal appeal. M. I). KI.IOT. Eastern Point, Gloucester, Maaa., Aug. 2, 1917. Siam and the War Bu G. Zau Wood A few weeks ago Siam was the only inde-, pendent country in the Orient which had re mair.ed neutral. To-day she is at war with Germany and Austria-Hungary. She is the sever.teenth nation which has joined the Al? lies in name or in arm, and her entrance into the war not only means tho addition of a new ally, but also sounds the death knell of German influence in the Far East. Those who are not informed of the Far Eastern situation and the German ir.flucnce there are apt to underestimate the impor? tance of Siam's partic.pation in the war. When the Siamese action i.s viewcd judi ciously, however, it carries with it consider 1 able weight. German Intrigue in the East Ended One thing that stands out as a proof of I the importance that ll attached to Siam's I deelaration of war is the complete ousting Of Teutonic influer.ee and Teutonic intrigue | in the Far East For evident reasons Japan jwas the first Asiatic nation to take up arms 'against Germany. Th* eapture of Kiao } tbau, the German stronzhold in China, has ;certainly inftictcd a deadly blow at Ger j many's imperial ambition, and, in fact, this military incident ln the Far East has con jtributed much more to the cause of the En? tente Allies than all Japan's activities along other lines put together. With the severance Bf diplomatic relations between China and | Germany, which led to the sei/.ure of Gcr Iman vessels in Chinese wnters, to the 'expulsion or intemment of German plottcrs 1 in China, Germany was still further limited 1 in her einister activities. Now the last ! refuge in the Orient whera Germany had ! hitherto maintained a strong influence and 'where she could carry on her international I intrigue with ease is denicd to the Gcrmansi. There is no doubt that the German agents j in the Far East were at work to bring about dissatlsfaction among the Chinese people, 'rebellion among the Hindus, and, if possible, ! to put an end to the friendly relations ex listing between the Oriental nations and tho i United States. Ihe Germans in the Orient, '? after Japan had joined the war, were clover enough to BOtablioh ia Siam and in China centres of intrigue, BOBdiag out secret agents to India to agiUte against the Brit? ish and to Indo-Chma to conspire against the French. Plots of this sort have been ,unearthcd again and again in this country, as well as in China. Because of tho exist* ence of German extra-territoriality in China and in Siam German agents were protected and shielded. Great Britain and France should there fore feel particularly grateful to Siam fov the ste.) which she r.a3 taken. A Great Trade Annihilated What is of greater significance is tha per manent loss of German trade with Siam. It is to be remembercd that Siam is one of tho 'spots in the Orient which the Kaiser has had il mind for the future dev.dopment of Ger? man trade. It is an admitted fact that Ger? many had the ambition of boOOOsiag the : leading commercial power in the world. The rar East, China and Smm in particular,; leffars such a golden field for German enter-j 1 prises '.hat n i German lucs to eee Germany BT trade there. In peace time the ex? ports from Germany to Siam almost amount- j ed to one-seventh of the total of Siam's for? eign trade. QorBsBBO established special j steamer lines, runnir.g regularly between tho I North German and the Far Eastern ports, or they managed to contract with the Nor wegiau lines on exceedingly favorable terms. Supplies of itoei, iron, machinery and dyestuff were generally imported from Germany. The Siamese hnve enjoyed using German goods. The present war, however, ! has cut out the entire German trade, and the ."iiunese, who have hitherto depended upon 1 Germany for OBBplioo of this sort, have to fell back upon other sources. The longer Germany is cut off from the Siamese market the more the Siamese arill become used to tho British, Froaeb and American goods. The i longer the war continues the harder Ger? many will find it to recover her share of trade which she had enjoyed before. Ia ' fact, it is almost impossible for her to do ! so. Germany's Siamesj market will be per-, manently lost. It must be borne clearly in mind that Ger? man militariim is largely based upon her .economie and commercial strength. Without the latter it is very' rnuch like a house 'built on tho sand, subject. to destruction at ,any time. In order to crush German mili !tnrism lt is equally necet-sary to destroy the potent power that is behind it. Any nation, Two Types of Women j To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: It happened that I interviewed thf ' dean of the New York Medical College and ' Hospital for Women, of 101st Street, at the ! Women's University Club the other day. Ir,is j true that she did not know ihe was being j interviewed?but then, neither did I, at the ' time. Wc were each -ntent on quite other i matters, but it happened that the day before thio I had been in Washington and seen a group of futile little ladies gathercd about the White House gates bearing tho most cour teooaly worded yellow banners the Cause has ever borne; and I suddenly found myself com paring two different ways of accomplishing the same result. Here was the dean in the most sizzling of dog-days cutting iro good ar.d p'.enty for suf frage without that end in view, but only concentrating on jrctting the college war unit, which is composed entirely of women women doctors, women nurses -off to "somewhere in j France.'' Line up the two motives and manr.ers! ! Six or eight patient tiieketing banr.er-bearers | before the Whitn HoBOO pjatOO all summer ' from noon till dusk, wasting time ar.d ? \ in attracting only the froth of f.iflBiBi .ity toward a cauie that should at this prave hour I be sunk in a greater; and one intent, serious ' woman planninc for many a merciful raid J on suffeving in the mterests ef our country. i It is not only a question as to whi:h group I will do the better work for the nstion, but ot vhich will cut the larger amount of ice for the feminine cause. Or isn't there any question? M. GILUNOHAM. New York, Aug. 2, 1917. Prayer To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: The cynicism of the letter of Edtrta <". Walker on prayer cannot be helpfal. Mo?t men feel the need of some ?urer guide than j tho changing things of this world. One man n i.v conceive this guidc as an anthropo-1 norphta God. Ar other may look un to an abstract law of rightneis at the heart of the univeree. In olthor case prayer is the con-j scious rOBChlag out to the ideal. By mock-! ery a simple ?hhiI may be robbed of the only form nf aapiration it is able to entertain. New York, July P.O, 1017. A. R. B. therefore, which helps defeat Germany eoo nomically and commerc.aliy helps defeat Germany militarily. Siamese belhgerency lfl nothing as far as actual tighting is con cenied. Siamese belhgerency is everything when we take into consideration that Siam is really ijelping the Aliiea in defeating Ger? many and in crushing German milnansm. [tfl I pilflfflBflfl cannot be aecn at once. It la po.-t-bol'.um. That is to aay, as her par 'ticipation in the war is meant essentially 1 to uproot Gcrmuny's commercial domination In the Far Eflflt, it will be much better ap preciated by the Allies and the world at large when the war is over and when inter r.a'ional commerce ia resumed. Another point which must not be Iflflfl sight of is that, because of the geo^raphical situation, Siam's flatraBCfl ir.to the war must irilv have a great effect upon Chma's :*ude toward the Central powers. China aevered diplomatic relations with Ger? many loag ago. Owing to her intemal treablflfl ar.d owing tfl the outside influences whieh ma Ifl b?r hflflitata to act, China aaa i not as yet taken side vith the Allies or with the*Cnited States. The declaration flf ll-flr upon the Central powers by Siam will undoubtedly help the Chinese government and thfl ChiBflflfl people, tirst. to realize the need of dOfllflStifl hmnony in face of a for? eign foe, and. secondly, to understand that China has every reason to take the same action. National expedioncy demands it; Itflfloral pressuro calls for it. China has 'greater grievances ngainst Germany than Siam ha>; and lf war ia not to be taken ns , a means of revenge, it nevertheless flffordfl China the rare opportunity tfl flflflflrt her rightfl as an independent r.ation whieh (Ier? many has so many times abused. T!ie war I j flfl, then, which was seized upon by the political parties for political purposes, may I serve to unite the discordant elcments for a common cause. Action by Siam should ftt least drive home to the mir.d of the Chinese i people the ne*d of intemal harmony, which i 13 ahsolutely necessary before there can be a decided foreign policy for China. I nlty of the Far Eaat Lastly, it must not be overlooked that Siam's action has a direct bcaring upon her own status as an MidepenJent nation and her relation with others. Undoubtedly she will bo reeognized among the family flf na? tions as she ought to be; and at the aaflM time a Siamese declaration of war also means a long step toward the unity and eon , solidation of the Far Eastern countries j theni:;olves. Japan has been at war with thfl Central power.-; China has severed dip [ loma'ic relations with (iermany. Now Siam | has taken the samo atep as Japan, and gone [ further than China. This concerted aetion ?fl the identical interest which they \ have. To he sure, one country harbors ?.?.-? ifltflr ambition than the others, but the fact that they have taken the same stand [against the aggret-or against the rights of I small nations is sufficient to indicate that they are one in object. Siam's action has unavoidably allied her to the Entente; it has also put her into a eooperative position with her two big neigh bors, China and Japan. As the Latin-Amer ienn republics have buried much of their old differer.ee* aiui come together for a unite,i front bt cause of the war, these Oriental na I tion3, China, Japan and Siam, will also comr together for a common cause. They will he brought to fl het'.er Dfld*rfltaading of each other, and fie peace Ifl the Far Eflflti which has bpen hithcrto but mere talk, may be tranrlated into a fact. It is certainly one of the encouraging signs of tho war. Prussian Arrogance in Siam It is not difficult to understand why Siam has entered tho war. "Tne object of Siam's declaration Ifl to uphold the sanctity of in? ternational rights against nations flBflWiag conterr.pt for the principles of humr.nity and no respect for smail states." The Siamese : have no love for Germany. In fact, because of the atrogant attitude and high-handed t.-eatment which they received at German hands they have entertained an everlasting j grudge against Gerr.iar.y. Yearri ago tho i wife of th<? Gerrnan Minister to Siam wa; 1 a iked by the police not to pluck flowers in ? tho public gardens in Bangkok. The Ger '? man Minister r.aturally took it as a great insult that a small nation dared to regulato i the conduct of his wife and demanded due apology. rJhe Siamese srovernment did apolo gize, but the incident wa3 r.ever forgotten. Ia 1S09 a Siamese fltflflOaflUa company was organized which established a regular ser? vice between Bangkok, Hong Kon? and southern China ports, to compete with the North German Lloyd Oriental line. Again, when Germany was approached for the re llnqniaaflMBi of e>:t.ra-territoriallty she Batly refused to do eo. All these ineidents lare tnfling enough, but the Siameae have | lon^r memories. Germa.-.y ?f reaping the har vest which she had sown. "Ireland's Besettinj? Sin" To tho Editor of Tho Tribune. Sir: I cannot help reading with very keen interest a letter written by Charles Noel Douglas in The Tribune on "Ireland's Be setting Sin," which lfl both disrespectful and insulting to thfl Irish race. We don't ha-e to rack our bralns very much to understand what he means. Per? haps Chnr'.es N. Douglas wouid like to know that I can give him the names flf two per? sons who put two dceanters of IT out of sight yesterday in or.o forenoon iseveral others, too, if necessiiry t, and they were not from the "owld sod," either. Now, I want to draw Charles N. DflBgiflfl*! attention to anothor letter written hy h.u\ one day last week rflhlflh lfl part told of a Limerick man's trouble i:i Clare. Having j been a resident of that county for seveateen ! yearr, I can give him r few fofltfl about such thiagfl as nioonlighting and cattle driving. I have aeon both, I must admit, but only where the owner wa* either a Undgrabbcr or au emergeney m.'.n, and, being conside~ed Bfldfl ,-irable in the commumty, was safer bj far ;i\vay from Clave as he Bflflflibly could gflt, A CLABE GIUL, And a daughtt r flf > Wflfl Feiner. Alflxaadrta Bay, N. Y.. July St, ItlT. Waatfll in Milk Service To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Four wagons dflltflfll milk in the bu.hl ing where I live; four flragflBfl come to co'.'.ect hottles, and four collectors get the cash week ly. Why not divide the eity into aections and nilow only one dealer to operate in fl flflastIflfl 1 Ifl flflfl Ctloil und regulation could standardizo the miik and the servlco so that there would bo r.o choice or no flfljflflflfli for preferring ono dealer over another. Tho present way of distributing milk is so cruda. unbusinesaliko and wastcful that lt ought to bring thfl hlush of shame tfl the cheeks of the managers of the various milk concerns here, and if they haven't the foffOa Bight ar.d initiative Bfl get together ar.d fldflpt flfl eeononuial sy.tem, the city ought tc tind a way to make them do so. 01 course, there are objectiona and ob litacles, but in tho public interest they can all be overcome. F. W. ANDEKSON. New York, Aug. 2, 1917. A Canadian Urban V A Criticism of the Catholic Churck' Policy in Canada (From Thu ChrlstUt* Srimce UonitoA Tho question of the supremicy 0f ,. spiritual or temporal power in th* St*t? U. ta one wag, as old as hiatory. That i? t* JV the itruggle between the lay and th* eceU? astical leaders in the State seems to j, been perpetual throughout th.? centaii*. With a siaglo oxeaptioo the religioui a. nominations have ono after another ** renuered their claim to the State. Th* ception is the Church of Rome. Aad *u Church of I'.ome ciain>?. and has ?t]lrM^ claimed, a suprom.ry 'or itself *bov? tv. State. It has formed, that is to ?ay, * lortaf sectarian enclave in the Stato and hM I*. siited that this enclave is not subject to tk, State laws. - The exaet significance of this may Dfroia, . best be Btttdied in the pronounccment whirt ! has been made hy the Arehbishop of Qj?ba, ???nior Arehbishop of the Roman C?ti0' j Church in the province, 0,1 the ia'j>*t a* : conscription. It has been notic?d that wh*. ever the ir.fluence of the Roman Cita-jj, ; Church is the strongest a tremendom etj. t paign has been waged to prevent the recraJt, ! ing of men in the Allied countries for ^ , war. This has been shown to be the cai* l ; Ireland, where the excuse has be < 0 that th ! country did not enjoy representativ* form. ' ment. though it enjoys not only the *** ; representative government as England, SeB, , land and Wales, but a nnmerical repres?ti. j tion in Westir.inster out of ?!1 proportion t* its popuiation. Cabareh and State Now the effort to repudiate eonicriptija has come up iu the Western Hcmispherc, *ji t is BBBUBod up by the Ro.nan Catholic A-tj. | bishop of Quebec in terms which fo InftaiBBB : further than anything tha Bishop of KilUla* i or tho Arehbishop of Melbourne h*s ?t? : thought it wise to advance. It i* obTi*-* | that conscription cannot be attacked ia &%, j ada on the ground that tlie country doe* not I enjoy representative government. C?a*<i* ; not only enjoys representative governmaat, 1 but the Province of Qnehec even enjoyi 1 | bilmgual privilege. Theroforo, Cirdlnil Begin fails back on an almost medi?v?l eoa ccjtion of Church and StatO ar.d propoOBs d make effective in Canada s condition of thinfj .which was sliipwr<rke.l in France hy th ? French Borolation, m Italy by tbe Red Shiaj of Garihaldi, and v.huh has not been *tn ow'.y advaacod ia Eaglaad nr.ee the Rcfora*. tion. The conscription lasr, v.hich, it is to b* t*> marked, has been paoood by the reprrseBt*. tsVaO of an entirely democratic BBtion, <"??*> nal Begin ?BSjflribofl as "a menace whitk eauses the ('anad.an clergy the wort Hppr*. baBSiOBO." M'.li'ary serviep, ar.d by n:!ht*r? service the Cardinal doaieaatOO tha a.-t of th representatives 01 a thoroughly democratii people to insure tho military rafety of th country and the liboitiea of the oatioa in 1 trameadoua battle with a'.r> tary i.ervice the Cardlral dooCTibi . 11 *i serious blow to the rights of tha Chareb d Chriat, independent in its domain, and whm laws and practice exempr the clergy 1 cla-a of the society wiiich that r..ime d?ii*> nates frim the service BBdTT BIB ln plain English, the Cardinal ii cVrahj as exenipt from military service not only th? regular clergy, wiio are cxempt in ay can tvithoot question everywhere, but */l thou divinity students, teachers and oth?r id herents of the Church of Romo which that Chareb chooses to ernbrace und-r tho com prehensive title of elergy. No( only, there fore, is he reviving tho claim that ti'.e ChoOB of Rome in all it* phases ia above tha einl law, but he il apparently prepared to do hii utn >%t to prevent the ord.r.ary civil poptui tion from taking their place in the rai.aj for the defence of their country. The defcitcio! the country, it would oooat, is to be tmdir takaa by the Protestant provinees, sine* tl? Roman Catholics do not volunt.irily er.llst; the Province of Quebec is to stand apirt *ti enjoy tho advantages cf the efforts of th other pi-ovinces to mainta;n its laws ar.d tm dom in the present i-trug^le. A Pro-German Policy Such an nttitude reaily place* tha Roaai Catholic Church on the side of tha '.eitisl 1 pewers. She refuses to I?t her ci.ildrti right, not only against tho Germung beo1 th Austrians, but disconrages them from aoiif their part to prodoco a ""ondition of thiaglh which Arnietiiun ma*sacres wi!! uo lor.,'>r h a oooaibUity. In order that th< re m?.j biH ! misconception at all as to th* itand which th ; Romar. Catholic Chunh in Canada il '.akinj, Cardinal Bdgin frankly brush I ?aBj aaido aad takaa hii place as the cntie *t 1 damoeratic institutions as typified ir. th House of Commors in Caaada. "If" ?'? ?*? clares, "we judge by the verv rude knewUdp revealed by certain speechis mad" in th Commons. one may indeed fear that ?obw latora, so little enlightened and rniyh aomowbat i'1-willed, may not rn*k< ? choice that v.c v.-ou'd anprove, nnd hfri il what legitimatizes all the feara." In i-,:l Eoglioh, tho Cardinal place 1 the judgmint B Chareb ??'<"? 1 l !''** of Commons, und bo'dly declares that H '? not the will cf the ration which ihould pr?" vail, but a dedaion of the Church 0:' BoawOJ to arhat it auiy apprarox Finii'.iy. Cardiaal Begin doclarei that ? t: Catholics of Canada are aiiorad Oj tr*>atir? of the free practice of I ir relifBB The Roman Catholics throughoit the entire Britiah Empire ar.- assu'.jd of th" :ee pr*e tice of their relieion, ani this is true of rf Protestant eOBBtrieo, but when it com** * the attaaapt to ict a church above tl e SttB tho quest.,on become* not a religious ono,OB a politicai o. ?-, aad haa to b? deeided ai ?*?* But though Cardinal Bogir. declarps tnitth free exorciae of tha Roman Catholic r-Htf* ia protected in Canada, he goei on "*s that legislation ahall not bi unpleasing to t^" Roman Cat! ' 1 aad bo aipreaaai this in lometh Roar a threat when he deal ' c'' will dare, on a matter so in ?vr' cutc. hurt the sentiment? of tha ? hoi* RoaBi Catholie popalatioa o' tho DbbbIi Ia othar words, the I 'r"''<*J ity in Cnneda is to detetmine the poliof* ountry and is to repadiate th* aeta*' PBrliaaioat of the rtpreaentativei of ?? ?r tirely cemocratie country, alactad OO ? "'"7 1 cratic fnuuhise. Kny tailu to give way to the minority \ai'l. the 'arJiaa insists, "sow on this aidai of the Al BBOd ef tho fatal rallgious discorJ< that ha dirided tho Old World." To the *%eragelBB Itwoald keeai that thiehj perilouih 1 'r\y the Cardinal is engaged in doing h aiielf* J Roman Catholic Chureh in Canada is demai* Ing pritilegai which it may enjoy l';;'''r.^J government* of Austria and of Spain, ?''? it eRn scareely be pretended thnt tB**'? much liberty of fOBOOtOBtQ BBd wluch fre.nkly nndemocratie. Bnt Vienna ll ?* Ottawa. nor is Madrid Toronto. ^ lf **y\ fort, the democratic got rni ' '" j| not prepared to haul down h'"S will be interesting to know w' ' < *rul LMgin proposcs to do bv way of obedier?? the Legislature of the country and of r?'r^ fo* law and order.