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First to Laet?the Truth: Newa?Edltorli Advertisements Member of tt? Audit Bureau of Circulations THURSDAY, AK.rST IS. 1917 Our *d an^ puMlst-.ad dtll? by T!i? Tribun? Associ?t ?*?? Tor? ' -.- . M Raid, l'rn'.dant; O Roger?. Vie? Prasldem n: ' ?:J H Wad? Secreory. M Treasurer Addresa Trtr-un? Building. 154 > Street. .N?w 1er* Te ?p:.ore. Battanui 3000 SCBSCRTPTION KATES-By Mall, rcatag? Paid. ?Id? cf (?refer Ne? Dally tui Surds?. 1 mo $ T? Dally en'.y. 1 mooth . Dally and Sunday. ? mo? 4 2; Dally only. ? months Pally and Sunday : ???r ? V> Dally only. 1 year. Bandaj only. < MBta? I.M Sunday only. 1 year ... rOKBIGN BATES' 1 CANADIAN RATE? DAILT AND ?t'.VDAT DATI-T AND ?I ND. On? month. Jl M O s mor.?i. O?a year H 05 0m )??r . 8CNPAT f-M.Y DAILT O.M.T. Sil rr. 1 Bal 1.91 Ore rovli. On? year I *? Om y*sr IiAILT O.NLT SINDAT ONLT. One month . 1 19 On? month. Oc? year . tSMIOae real. Entered at the Fostorrra at New Tor? aa S*r/md Mall Mif.er Tou can purcha?? ir.erchard!?? adffrtUad In TBIPL'NI ?:? - - ??'-'?? lor if dissatisfaction n ??j a?. Tt'y. TKIBl'NK guarant??? to pay ye*:r n back a? :. rttraasl No quibbling ?A? Italy'* Answer to the Pope Almost a year ago, when the Frei troops at Verdun made their great st which cleared the Germans from the i mediate neighborhood of Douaumont, th commander, in congratulating them uj their achievement, pointed to it as the 1 ??wer of France to the Kaiser's peace p posai. In a very real sense the Itali offensive now breaking out along 1 Isonzo front must be accepted as 1 Italian answer to the Papal peace p posai. It will be recalled that before It? entered the war the Austrian governme more or less under compulsion and throu the medium of Prince von Biilow, offer to Italy the larger part of the Trentii provided Italy would stay out of the wi This territory, however, was to pass Italy only at the close of the war. It is matter of common knowledge that at i times in recent months Italy could ha made a separate peace with Austria a: acquired the Trentine district. On t other hand, Trieste has never been co sidered by the Austrians as a possit concession, since it is the one consid?r?t nport of the Hapsburg empire. 1 he Papal proposal for peace, whi? suggested a settlement of the Trentii and Trieste problems by negotiation, mea: for every Italian the renunciation Trieste. It meant also that the captu of Trieste had acquired a new value, sin the Papal peace gesture was bound to 1 only the first in a long campaign f peace in the approaching winter. There used to be a motto in Italy in tl days of the great liberating movemer "Italia fara da se," which meant thi Italy should do it herself. And it is qui patent now that the Italians have recoj nized that if Trieste is to pass to the hands as a result of this war they mu: conduct their military operations in sue fashion as to be in possession of it befoi peace by negotiation comes. The present Italian offensive la cor ceded by Vienna and by Rome to be tr most gigantic Italian effort of the preser war. The attacking front of thirty-seve miles recalls the extent of line attacked b Mackensen at the Dunajec in 1915 an by Nivelle in his recent Aisne battle. It i far and away greater than anything th British have ever attempted; it compare with the French front of seven miles a Verdun a year ago and the British opera tive front of twelve miles at Arras and o less than fifteen at Ypres this year. 1 represents an effort by a vast extensio of the front to break a line held by a enemy lacking the reserves to strengthe each threatened point. It suggests th method pursue.1 by Grant at Petersbur, in the closing chapter of the Civil War. It is too early to say from the scant; returns that we yet have whether th Italians will be able by this attack t< reach Trieste, but it is exceedingly doubt ful, if one is to judge by the experienc ft of the whole war. They have nine or tei J miles to get forward over one of the mos difficult bits of ground on the whole front the Carso Plateau. They have also oi their northern flank in the valley of th? Isonro to climb mountains of considerabli height and to master obstacles far mon difficult than anything that faces th? French at Verdun of the British ii I landers. If Austria is in a bad way, if the morah of her troops is poor, if the Slav element! manifest the same weaknesses that the: showed against the Russians, we shall sei an Austrian disaster presently compara He to those disasters in Galicia in 191< and again in 1916. But it must be re membered that the Slavs who have sur rendered by the hundred thousand to th? Russians have always fought with greai courage, desperation and determinatior against the Italians. Actually Italy, b> entering the war, did not largely draw tc herself Austrian troops which could other have b<erj u*ed against Russia, be? cause most of the troops used against Italy were unreliable in the presence of Russian armies. The Italian problem ha.?, always been ex i e-e.-imgly difficult because of the charac? ter of the country, and also b?nuse of the fact that apart from the few thousand Italian-speaking troops drawn from the, Trieste and Trentine districts all the Aus I trian army has been united in its readi? ness to oppose Italy to the last and to pre? vent an extension of Italian rule to the Slav population along the Adriatic. The Italian offensive to-day is one of the most interesting of the operations that are now going forward, because it ?3 the only one in which there is a hope?a re? mote hope, to be sure?of a possible deci? sion this year. Neither the French nor the British expect to pierce the German line this year, as they have renounced any major operations like that attempted by Nivelle at the Aisne and like that now attempted by the Italians at the Isonzo. Apart from Italy, Allied strategy now rests upon a plan for many BWift, short, sharp attacks, such as we have seen at Verdun, at Hill 70, at Messines, during the summer. The Italian attack, like the French and British attack, must also have as a re? moter purpose drawing off the pressure upon Russian armies which, whatever i their present condition, are still in no shape to meet a serious Austro-German drive and will be in no condition to meet such a drive during the present year. Austria is patently the weakest member of the Central Alliance at the present time. It is Austria which is clamoring for peace on every possible occasion. It Is Austria which is obviously threatened with a col? lapse if the war continues. And in strik? ing Austria the Italians are actually mak? ing the most important military operation of the summer. Could they once take Trieste the moral effect would be beyond exaggeration and the achievement would be the greatest in the history of modern Italy. But just as last year the Italian attack at Gorizia coincided with the British op? erations on the Somme and the Russian attacks in Galicia, forming a part of a great concentric drive at the besieged Central Powers, so the present Italian op? eration plays a part in a new general at? tack. The absence of Russia from the battle line has restricted the objectives and greatly diminished the extent of pos? sible success. Yet as the fighting season begins to draw to a close there is no mis? taking the fact that the Allies all along the Western front are fully in possession of the offensive and Italy more conspic? uously than at any time during the war is playing her part. So far there has been no indication of an Austrian collapse, although the num? ber of prisoners captured is large, meas? ured by the standards of Western war? fare. But despite the absence of sensa? tional details, the Italian operation is at the moment the most interesting in Eu? rope, and it suffers mainly in the eyes of the world from the fact that, while Ver c'.un and Ypres are names familiar to millions and the little villages and hills in their neighborhood are known from one end of the globe to the other, the Italian scene of operations remains ob? scure and public interest awakens slowly to a new struggle. Efficient State Food Legislation In the face of Mr. Hoover's message to Governor Whitman opposition to the en ectment at Albany of an adequate food control measure should vanish. Federal food control can do much to improve the situation in this country. But its effect on the body of the people, the consumers, inevitably must be indirect and tolerably remote. As Mr. Hoover points out, it can take no cognizance of retail conditions and local marketing systems. There it must be supplemented by state and municipal < Derations Such regulation and permanent im? provement must come. The Legislature by refusing to pass a proper bill at this extraordinary session can delay matters The lawmakers, if they choose, can play into the hands of food gamblers, of extor? tioners, of profit-grabbing middlemen, whose interests are not the interests of the public or of the nation. But sooner or later all consideration for the selfish spe? cial interests must be swept aside, and consideration for the welfare of the sol? diers and workers who are carrying on the war must take its place. If a thoroughgoing measure is not passed now, it must be at the next session, and the public will be that much the worse off for the delay. The Tribune has no great fondness for the "compromise bill" resulting from the regotiations of the Governor and some of the legislative leaders who have not been ecnspieuous in their advocacy of effective state and municipal activity in the line of i educing food prices. There are not enough teeth In that measure. There is too much red tape in it; too much oppor? tunity for delay. The provision by which municipalities would obtain a state jrrant of half the cost of local terminal markets is unfair to New York City, which would thus be taxed to help out upstate commu r.i'ifs when it has burdens enough of its own. Mr. Hoover's message was not an indorsement of this specific bill, but of "??fhV'fnt stat'- legislation." For that, fortunately, there is still opportunity. Governor Whitman has lost, ground from the moment he consented to this "eompro . mise." He would do well to fro ba-k to ngir.al poMtion. It. would be better fighting ground again?! the obstructionists and aida of the food extortioner!. He would have stronger public support for a ? bill with teeth, which would make the food , gamblers squeal, as one legislator recently expressed it, than he can ever hope to have for the present makeshift. New York State needs real food control, not some tender-handed compromise. Gov? ernor Whitman can well afford to demand "efficient state legislation" and make a ' vigorous, state-wide fight for it. Legisla? tors opposing such a measure would be doing the enemy a service, and no indi- [ vidual in public life is anxious right now ? to have that tag pinned on to him. Our Soapbox Spouters Police Commissioner Woods's letter toi Colonel Roosevelt shows clearly the diffi? culty of dealing with those street speak? ers who nightly skate over thin ice peril- : cusly near to sedition. Street meetings are legal, if conducted lawfully. It is legal to discuss government policies and government action, if such discussion is ' not an incitement to resist or break the laws. Moreover, the minority in this na? tion has a right to express its opinions, and even in times like these ? minority (pinion, properly and legally expressed, may be of much value in clarifying, pos sibly in correcting, public sentiment. The vice of the existing situation lies in the fact that there is a gap in the laws of vhich cranks, scatter-brains and anti-1 American propagandists take advantage. : Treason as defined by the Constitution j and such court interpretations as exist is a serious crime, and even the cranks and ; propagandists steer clear of it. Some of their utterances are clearly disloyal; many are intended to handicap the country's W?r undertakings by creating distrust of cur allies, but these are not actionable un? less they produce disorder or incite to vio- ! lence. It must be said that the public takes these 6oapbox spouters with much common sense, so that their labors cannot be considered really dangerous. Of course, there is a point where liberty of speech . becomes license. Whether Congress, in at? tempting to draw the line in such a law ? as Police Commissioner Woods suggests, i would do more harm than good is a ques-1 tion to be seriously considered- Perhaps, after all, these orators may safely be left to the ever-present American sense of humor and the steadily growing American sense of solidarity and nationalism. The Wrist Watch Legitimized Just why the wrist watch was originally tagged as effeminate in American eyes is one of those sociological mysteries about which future historians may well fall out. It was in England an army contrivance. or, perhaps, equally a sportsmen's con? trivance, and only secondarily a decora- ? tion. Somehow in crossing the Atlantic it lost all its common-sense utility and be? came a badge of foppery. Now that we are putting a million and more men under arms the truth is neces? sarily prevailing. And as the truth threat? ened to hesitate crossing the Alleghanies, stands up Mr. Joseph P. Tumulty before the assembled nation, and shooting his left land cuff with Democratic simplicity re? veals that the Administration has gone over to the wrist watch camp. After this official recognition only the professional friends of the populace, who must preserve their official uniform or perish, need cling to the pocket timepiece. Tradition used to credit Mr. Bryan with sleeping in his trousers, at considerable discomfort, in order to achieve that unique array of criss-cross creases which were his badge of democracy. Mr. Bryan in prop? erly creased trousers would be as unthink? able as Mr. Bryan with a wrist wat?'h. For such the uniform is the thing. For other and simpler folk convenience in the long run is bound to win. What Would You Do> ' r r-om Thr V'S .l/Oliie? /fehlsten The different conclusions which may be draWn from the same basic facts are excel kntly illustrated in the agreement of Frank Simonds and ' The New York American" as to the state of affairs in Eu-ope, and their disagreement as to what duty this entails upon the I'nited States. Mr. Simonds said recently that the Allied offensives of the last year had been disap? pointing in results. He expressed his belief that if the submarine campaign were not checked, and if either the United States or Russia did not prove an important military factor next year, the Entente would be un? able to continue the war beyond the end of 191R, but would have to negotiate a "white peace," a draw. The conclusion he reached 1 v as that the I'nited States should strike as | powerful a blow at Germany as possible, and as soon as possible. Mr. Hearst's newspaper, accepting what Mr. Simonds had said as an expression of its own opinion regarding the state of affairs in Europe, reached the conclusion that the I'nited States should concentrate all its efforts on home defence, in order to cope with Germany in case Germany defeated the I Entente. It is not certain that either of these opin ' ions is 100 per cent genuine. Mr. Simonds j may have overstated the case in order to emphasize the necessity for American aid. Mr. Hearst, moved by enmity toward Eng i land, may bp willing to have Germany and the I'nited States emerge as the only two powerful military nations, and trust to luck I to avoid a further encounter. But assuming that there is enough truth in the descriptions of conditions to warrant the drawing of conclusions, we may obtain ' an interesting light on the two suggestions by citing a comparison. Suppo^e that you, a small boy, come upon ? a group of other boys fighting, and that after | the fighters in one group have kicked you ? on the shins and in the bread basket often enough you conclude that they intend to | "do" you, a? we used to gay, and you an ? r.nunce that you are in the light to help the i other Miir\ Now, if you are informed, while you are I taking off your coat, that the fight is being I waged on practically even terms, but that if it goes on much longer without help for your j friends they will be licked, and the other i sirle will go for you alone, what will you do i about it ? Will you do as Mr. Simonds suggests, and. [i.trh m and help your friends, so that your combined strength mny lick the opposition? or will you do as Mr. Hearst advocates, go home and practise on a punching bag so that you may be capable of defending yourself alone against th? whole crew if th?y ?uc ceed la laying your friends out? | Mr. Pollen Replies Why He Considera That SimHar \V9rds Mean Opposite Things To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: In a recent leading article you quoted certain comments of mine on a statement of Bit Edward Canon's, and then pointed out I that Sir Eric Geddes, in a maider. speech in . the House of Commons, had come very near repeating the words of his predecessor to j which I had taken exception, and you ask If I my criticismi of Sir Edward held good of. his successor, Sir Eric. The meaning of wordi must be judged largely by the circum ttanooa in which they are used. It would be tedious to recapitulate the exact difference in the conditions in which these two sue-: cessive First Lords used similar phrases. ; Suffice it to sty that Sir Edward Carson was understood to mean that he accepted as final the strategy of the board he inherited at Whitehall, and that his confidence that these particular officers could carry it out better , than any others was absolute. But three ! months after these words were used an en- ' tire change of Admiralty administration was ' forced upon Sir Edward by outside criticism, end soon after these changes were made he himself was superseded by Sir Eric Geddes. Sir Eric Geddes has already replaced the Second Sea Lord by a very junior rear ad? miral, and I see that it is reported in the English press that the First Sea Lord is to follow Sir Cecil Burney into retirement. I think what Sir Eric Geddes meant was something quite different from what Sir Ed? ward Carson meant, though the phrases were ' singularly alike. Carson was making an act of faith in his then advisers and announcing that he would stick to them through thick r.nd thin. What I understand the present First Sea Lord to mean is that he will look to the navy to formulate the right naval strategy, and, having found advisers he can trust, will see that they are given every fa? cility for carrying their strategy into effect. There will be no amateur interference in the making or in the execution of naval plans. But there will be, a? there should be, a wise selection of naval advisers. If I am right, very similar words may have a totally opposite meaning. ARTHUR POLLEN. Washington, Aug. 21, 1917. Fair Comment To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: The gentleman who criticised "The Christian Science Monitor" in your issue of August 14 for its editorial comment on a public statement made by Cardinal Begin, the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Quebec, ignored the point and reason of the com? ment which furnished the occasion for his letter. He accused "The Christian Science Monitor" in these words: "It is so democratic that it would deny to minorities the right to debate." "It finds fault with Cardinal Begin because he debates the question of conscription ante-factum." It was quite evi? dent, however, from Cardinil Begin's pub? lished statement that he claimed not the right to debate but the right to pass superior , end final judgment on a bill pending in the "Canadian Parliament. He spoke of the con? scription bill then pending as "a menace which causes the Canadian clergy the worst apprehensions," and as "a serious blow to the rights of the Church of Christ, indepen? dent in its domain." Cardinal Begin even said more particularly: "If we judge by the very rude knowledge revealed by certain speeches made in the Commons, one mny in deed fear that some legislators, so little en? lightened, and maybe also somewhat ill willed, may not make a choice that we would approve; and here is what legitimatizes all the fears." The comment of "The Christian Science Monitor" on these utterances wa? that they put the judgment of the Cardinal or his Church above the decision of the Cana? dian House of Commons. Surely this was fair comment, and comment which did not touch the right of debate. CLIFFORD P. SMITH, Committee on Publication of the First Church of Christ, Scientist. Boston, Mass., Aug. 20, 1917. The Nation's Heroes ! To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Although the term National Army is very appropriate for our troops, the vol- j unteers deserve to be called our national , , heroes. Their presence in Uncle Sam's uni- I 1 forms has saved the situation, giving our ' government th" means to push the con- t ?cription law ahead, keeping in the mean- ; ? time the Prussian and other outlaws quieter 1 than they would be otherwise through the , itates. Considering the conditions and circum? stances under which these brave men have enlisted, we see there an action of duty to fave the country never surpassed. The vol? unteers are willing to make the dearest -ac ritice not only to tight the barbarous Prussian ambitions abroad, but also to destroy that German spirit here which so unfortunately has spread out to dangerrus proportions. We must look at these volunteers with pride and admiration, es we see in their faces a resolute expression, eager to fulfil the mission our noble President has callej ! them for. PROSPER GUERRV. New York. Aug. 14, 1917. Our "Nationals" To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: The free and general use in the news? papers of the term "conscript army" and "conscript" as applied to the men who have been drafted into the new army seems to me unwise, unfair, and a misnomer. The army which we are raising under selective draft statute of Congress certainly does not fall into the category of "conscript" in the same sense that term has been used in the past. I think it ought to be discon? tinued and some other term applied in all fairness. This is our first National Army, and why pot make it a point of so describing it, and if a particular designation is necessary for the men who compose the army, why not use the term "Nationals" unt.l some better desig? nation is discovered, if, as a matter of fact, any better term car. be applied? R. W. M. New York, Aug. II, 1917. Treason and Traitors ', To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Keep up the good work. Water wears ?way rock! Your editorials against treason and traitors may wear away the blindness of ; our government. Must we wait for a catas? trophe that will shake this country, perhaps the whole world ? The managers and their entire corps of as? sistants should be interned and the papers suppressed. WM. E. RITCH, JR. Bridgeport, Conn., Aug. 20, 1917. I "Marry in Haste, Repent at Leisure" ' To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: I feel very strongly that the cartoon ' in your issue of to-day preaches a sermon | ' that should be brought home to every pacifist] mid every recalcitrant foreigner in this ' country?not a sermon in itone, but one that 1 ?courges. The Vigilantes should spread the cartoon broadcast. SIMON DOTTENHEIM New York, Aug. 21, 1917. The Only Peace Thal_ Can Last A Tribune Reader's Views of the Papal Terms and What . the Allies Must Demand To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: "Prussia, who at sundry times and in ; divers manners, spake of peace in time past ' unto the Allies by Von Bethmann-Hollweg, Michaelis, Tiiza and Radoslavoff, hath in | these last days spoken again by the Pope." Far be it from me to be flippant or sacri- ' legious when I substitute a few words in the opening chapter of .Apostle Paul's Epistle to the Hebrew?. And who, after a careful read? ing of the Vatican's encyclic, will for one moment doubt that the so-called peace terms can be traced back to the recent Reichstag peace resolution. One thing is clear: Pope Benedict would never have spoken were he not informed beforehand that one set of bel? ligerents will accept his terms. What the Pope advocates is in essence a return to the status quo ante-bellum. And what else does Germany wish but a return to the old order of things. Prussia set out to conquer the world and, failing in this, she wants the world to forget what she did and let her go back to the "ancien r?gime." But it was this very status quo that; brought calamity to the world. To return to the old order of things would in fact be only un armistice, during which Germany will prepare for a more favorable time to strike again, and this time harder. There will | be no Belgium then to oppose her in the . march toward Paris. Belgium would never again dare stand in the way of the modern Attila. She paid too dearly when she halted him before Li?ge and Namur last time. A return to the status quo would leave an un? protected Serbia at the mercy of a greedy Austria. It would leave the French wound of Alsace-Lorraine still open; Italia Irre? denta would still be under the Hapsburgs' i yoke, and Transylvania would still be, chained to the Magyar. The Statue Quo Ante A peace on the foundations of a status I quo would have the same results as the Con- ? gress of Vienna had. In lol4-'15 the great powers met at Vienna for the express pur- | pose of settling the political affairs of Eu rope, which was torn to pieces by Napoleon Bonaparte. The present war II but a sequel to the unjust distribution of lands and "po llticnl influences" that were agreed to in 1815. It is a certainty that Europe would not be suffering from the present carnage If the powers had taken Talleyrand's advice to distribute the different countries on the principle of legitimacy. And who would ever think for one moment that a war between Russia and Germany would be possible if there were an independent, strong and free l'o!:sh state between the two countries? Czar Alexander I advocated the restoration cf the Polish nation, but every one knows that the chief opponent to such a plan was Austria. A return to the status quo would mean a common Russo-German frontier from Memel to Myslowitz, with no buffer state be? tween. Yea, it is true that Germany has created a new Poland, and the Pope advo? cates a free Polish nation, but what good is it to have a small, weak Poland under Teu? tonic suzerainty? Would Germany surren? der her part of ancient Poland from Danzig to Thorn, and is Austria willing to help cre? ate a strong Polish nation by surrendering Galicia? A weak Poland would mean another Belgium in the way of the Teuton. Germany's Record And then the Pope asks that disarmament and "the material force of arms be substi? tuted by the moral force of right." Now, the Pope knows as well as any one that takes the care to be informed on interna? tional politics that Germany was the first country to introduce conscription of man? hood for the purpose of war. Time and again have the o'.her powers tried to convince Ger? many that it would be in the interest of all Europe and the rest of this planet to reduce the standin? armies. After the Balkan wars was it not 'iermany that increased her peace strength at home? Was it not Austria that added another 100,000 soldiers to her al? ready large garrisons? This forced France to increase the military term from two to three years. As to arbitration, let every one ask and answer the following questions: Did or did not Austria refuse Sir Edward Grey's proposal for an extension of her ul- ' timatum to Serbia so as to give time to the other powers to arbitrate? Did or did not Austria refuse Serbia's ' suggestions that in case she (Austria) was, displeased with her (Serbia's) 90 per cent favorable answer to the ultimatum, the whole question should be submitted to The Hague Tribunal for arbitration? Did or did not Germany refuse Sir Edward ' Goschen's hint that she urg? Vienna to ar- ' bitrate? And w-hen Sir Edward Grey proposed a con? ference of England. France, Italy and Ger? many, did or did not Von Jagow flatly re-1 A Fleet Street Memorial Services in London for Newspaper Men Who Have Died in War To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Every London journalist knows old St. Bride's Church, in Fleet Street, the centre of the habitations of his craft. Its graceful spire towers above the adjacent buildings and forms part of the mental picture which always is associated in his mind with every mention and memory of his calling. Inside. St. Bride's is rather austere and devoid of the usual adornments of worship in the Established i'hurch. Yet it cannot be doubted that its picture was present to the mind of many a journalist, on the firing line or in the base hospital, before he gave the last full measure of devotion to his country. That the profession has given its quota to . the roll of honor is apparent from the fact that a special memorial service was recently' held at St. Bride's for those gallant news? paper men who had fallen in the discharge of their perilous duties at the front. There was a notable congregation at the service, including the Lord Mayor of London, the Sheriffs, Ambassador Page, Lord Burnham,' president of the Press Club; Premier Hoi-? man, of New South Wales; Mr. J. L. Garvin, president of the Institute of Journalists, and many others prominent in the world of letters The band of the Irish Guards was on duty ! end played the Dead March in "Saul" with great impressiveness. A special choir from St. Paul's and the London College of Choris? ters rendered the music, which included selec? tions from Sullivan's "Martyr of Antioch." Mme. Kirkby Lunn sang Mendelssohn's "O Rest in the Lord," and the Last Post was sounded by the buglers of the Lord Mayor's Own Boy Scouts. There were special prayers, collects, psalms and lessons appropriate to the occa? sion. The Lord Bishop of London, Dr. Win nington Ingram, preached the sermon, which was baited upon St. Paul's great pr.iyer: "God forbid that I should glory save in the Cross." The Rishop spoke with much im ptnssiVBMSa and earnestness. He said, in part: "In spite of loss and sorrow and pain, it is a great thing t0 be alive to-day. In the light! of the war a new yiIu? has been giuen to the| fuie beciuse such a conference would look: like "an Areopagus sitting in judgment over I Austria and Russia"? All further effort? on the part of England to have Germany propose ?orne formula by which peice could be maintained without recourse to armed force were ignored by Ger? many. Moral Iiaues Ignored But one cannot help wonder in amazement at the way the Pope treats the issues of this war The Vatican seems to be entirely ig? norant of the moral issues that are involved in this struggle. Germany, by word and deed, asserts that the doctrine of "might is right" must predominate in the world. What does the Pope mean when he says that "the whole world recognizes that the honor of the armies of both sides is safe"? Surely there must be a mistake in translation. The Pope, no doubt, wrote the letter in Italian, then Cardinal Gasparri translated it into French. The London Foreign Office issued this French text which the newspapers afterward trans? lated into English. No one can believe that the Pope will give the lie to such men as Cardinal Mercier, Archbishop of Malinei and the Roman Catholic Primate of Belgium. The Pope surely wanted to say that the mili? tary strength of the armies is safe. It ia inconceivable that Pope Benedict thinks for one moment an army which has done the things German soldiers did in Belgium, Ser? bia, Poland and Rumania can ?till call itself "honorable." Which world recognizes that the German army's honor is safe? Certainly not the inhabitants of the Allied countries nor the neutrals. Was it honorable to destroy Louvain, with its university and library, that was the common property of civilization? Was it honorable to deliberately and aya tematically organize massacres of civil and non-combatant populations in Belgium and Armenia? Is it a point of honor to violate women and murder children in cold blood? Doe? the Pope think that the submarine commanders that fired the torpedo at the Lusitania and drowned the itilors of the Belgiin Prince?yes, does he think that they are men of honor? Is there any honor left in the officers that ordered and countentnced looting, house burning and wanton destruction of property? Was it honorable to use women and chil? dren as a shield for advancing armies? Sure? ly, as I said, there must be some mistake. Prunian Madmen But let us go back to the moral isiue of the war. Should the gospel of Nietzsche, Bernhardi and Treitschke supersede all that is noble and all that humanity has struggled for throughout th? centuries? Because Ger? many wants to get to Paria In record time, I is it right for her to trample Belgian neu? trality under her iron heels? Is it morally j right to look at a treaty?the highest moral I pledge a nation can give?as a "scrap of [ paper," just because it is In the way of ad ! vancing armies? If Germany is allowed to I return to the old order of things, it will i mean that all she did to Belgium, that all the women and children that were murdered, that all the deeds she committed, were justi? fied and right as long as they served Ger? man purposes, German aims and German ob? jects. If this war is not going to return in a I more aggravated form after a generation or two, its causes must be removed forever, so that no Prussian madman will dare again defy the whole world and by sheer vandal? ism, barbarism and savagery subdue it. It ! is not the German people that the world is righting. No one wants their homes. It is the Zarathustrian idea that took root in Prus? sia and is trying to poison the whole world , that the Allies are bound together to destroy. There can be no peace, no real. long last? ing peace, with the Hohenzollern? and Haps burgs still on their thrones. There can be no peace with the unspeakable Turk in Eu? rope. We can only have armistice!, short or long ones, according to the time it takes the Prussian beast to recuperate. Peace now, when Prussia still boasts of her miserable deeds, when she still glorifies the bombardments which the Pope complains of, when she is still exacting indemnities of ? he peoples that had the misfortune to fall under her heel, peace now? Who can think of it? Who can speak of it? Only after restoration can peace be possible. Restoration of Alsace-Lorraine to France; of Trent and Trieste to Italy; of Bosnia-Herzegovina to Serbia; of Transyl? vania and the Banat to Rumania; of Galicia and Posen to Poland; restitution of all in? demnities exacted during the war; the re? building of Belgium, Northern France, Ser? bia and Rumania, and, last but not least, the removal of the Hohenzollems and Haps burgs from the thrones of Germany and Austria respectively. These are the condi? tions on which the Allies are going to con *><? M. A. LAZAR. New York, Aug. 20, 1917. Cross. It is not the only test of human con? duct, but the comfort of human sorrow. The Croaa, which in days of ease has attained little meaning, has been suddenly magnified into the greatest thing in the world. As a reward of valor, the Victoria Cross and the Military Cross are preeminent- but always ?he Croaa. Our sisters work under the Red Cross hut always the Cross. On the battle? fields of France has arisen a host of little aroodefl crosses, put up in memory of fallen comrade-, and they recall the fine phrase af Mr. E. iV. Hornung, the novelist: 'You cannot die a failure if you win a cr' France.' The Cross is the onlv comfort of the mourner. In all the sickening doubt of to-day men are asking: 'Where does God come in?' And the answer is that He comes in through the Cross. The Cross teaches us that God has Himself come down into the thick of human sorrow. Sixteen years ago f-.vt hundred London journalists welcomed me to London as their Bishop, and I prom? ised to be such to them. To-day it is the pro? men and clerks of London who have rolled back and crumpled up the Prussian Guard- a thing that would have been impos? sible a few years ago. This means that there 13 something greater than iron dis? cipline and preparedness for war." FREDERIC B. HODGINS. New York, Aug. 21, 1917. American Toleration To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: I do not think there is a man living shrewd enough to frame an espionage bill that would arrest the treacherous and sneakv 'activities of the pro-Germans in this city. All they can see, hear and think about is Germany and the world-wide justification to which i they think) she is entitled. This train of thought lead? them to the daily prac? tice of insolent and impudent deeds; in each episode America is the "goat," the German language press and the pro-German element vilifying and scathing her in every which way, whiie in her tender greatness she re? mains mum. No h.story in the future can afford to omit a chapter or two on "Ameri? can toleration." It 1? too early now to ?ay whether or not the 1917 ?pecimen of tolera? tion i? abominable. THEODORE MICHEL. Brooklyn, Aug. 21, 1917. I Deadly as Rattlers Some Fungi Which No Treabn? Could Make Edible To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Your correspondent M Willig ?w ! well to call attention to the food valu? of? common puffball, but I f?ar that any who boiled the "death cup," or "Jeadlv A nita," with a pinch of bicarbonate of so?, then trustingly partook of it would tar his experience from another world. This is the most deadly of a'.l mmhr?. M antidote being known, and i? L . ^ *? II cuiu common in our latitude. It it a com error to speak of mushrooms ?nd u stools as though they represent tw? aa?? ? rate classes. To an average person ? ??] i stool is merely a mushroom that h? do? | know, for, properly speaking, all of th] i i of fungi are mushrooms, whether ?dihl ' poisonous. As a contrast to the quotation from ? , .(whom I reverence and admire), here quotation from a distinguished Aa?rv mycologist,' Professor Murrill ?f ? I a? s ' "t'a Park : ** "I have frequently noticed a tenosa?. lgnorant or inexperienced person? to WlJ* the dangers of mushroom eating, app?^,! believing that a show of bravado or int ness will overcome the effects o? th* boj. , ous kinds, as though they belonged to tii category of myths or ghosts. It il( j^ ' true that many varieties have be?n 2 poisonous when they were not, ju?t ?? na of our snakes have bei-n ur.der the bin account of the mischief done by thro? four; but there are a few mushroom, gg contain poisons just as desdly as that t? . the rattlesnake or copperhead, ?nd the?? >r, ; responsible for practically all of th? d???,, ; due to mushroom eating. These poisons in : narcotic rather than irritant, and taw i effects are usually slow to appear. "If distress is experienced within four ? five hour? after eating mushrooms it is r?r* j probably a case of indigestion or minor set. ? soning and should readily yi?ld to t proms* I emetic. If, however, from eight to Ma) hours have elapsed since eating th? suit. rooms, disagreeable svmptoms should ?, taken very seriously, since It s almost eef. tain that one of the deadly potions is it ? work. A physician should at one? be tali?. 'and the heart action stimulated by ? hm- ' i dermic injection of about one-siyuith of a grain of atropine, which should b? riposte} ? twice at half-hour interval?. Atropini ti M j antidote to the poison of the "fly Aminiv | which paralyzes the nerves controlling tit j action of the heart. If the "deadly Amanite* has been eaten, the atropine will probably (? no good, and death will surely follow if ? I amount eaten is sufficient. "My advice to beginners is to conf?n? th? ' selves at first to the common mushroom, Bs | beafsteak mushroom, the puffballi, th? etnl \ mushrooms, and other readily r?iorniis?U 1 forms, being careful to carry with tita > when collecting an accurate mental picture?f 1 the deadly kinds which have th? deata-tn or the peculiar patches on th.? cap, and it ' avoid mushrooms that are either too yoajg ? or too old when selecting specimeni for th? : table. If one must experiment, l?t Ina ' begin with experiments in cooking, since tke ; way in which a mushroom ii cooked often h?j much to do with its flavor and digestibility." The United States Department of Agricuit j ure issued this year Farmers' Bulletin j 796, "Some Common Edible and Poisonous j Mushrooms," by Flora W. Patterson ?nd Vers I K. Charles, myco'.ogists in th? C'/Bc? ?f Psta i ological Collections. This ii freely illus? trated, clearly written, and will bs ?try help 1 ful to any one gathering mushrooms. U may be obtained free on application to the i department. Out in adjacent district? of New Jener the difficulty is not to induce people a eat wild mushrooms, but to get up eiri, enough I in the middle of the night) to ?> ; cure any, even on one's own property, ie ; the thrifty Italians and Slavs gather err*! mushroom in sight; there is certainly s | waste. Puffballs are excellent fried in hotter? bacon fat, cut in slices, but th?} mus! I ? young; they soon become overripe. Fs-rj : ring mushrooms are common and exce'..?:'. ' Lut it is very unwise for an intxperiiw* person to gather fungi '.-vi.??'???.minsttly, ? , tier the impression that bicarbonate of M ; Bflll neutralize a poison that attack! ? centre of life. I don't believe th? pre?* Provencals included specimens of resllj a? ! gerous fungi in their mixture, although th* doubtless use many classed by the mu? rienced as toadstools. The Amanitas are recognized u danger?? ! wherever they grow, and I should b? lorry. some of your readers leave The TribiMi : circulation list permanently through I a* guided faith in bicarbonate of ?oda as ? i antidote for muscarine or phallin. !-:. T. ROYII New York, Aug. 21. Experiment Cautiously With F?nf To the Editor of Th?- Tr;b ir.e. Sir: I agree with Mrs. or BUM Mirr?* 1 Miller, whose letter was pabl ikti m g is^sue of the 15th, that w : ? ?.-?:--.rooms is??* be eaten more generally than tney ar?. Mu? cf them are dei.cious. altheagb I do not he leve they Contain much BOarilBBMatf . B* the test she considers sufficient to dut? tinguish between harmless ar.d poises?3* fungi is a highly dangerous on*. Several edible fungi have a very ??* taste which disappears in eookiBf, Or. ? other hand, the most deadly 'rinds ??" disagreeable taste when raw ?nd ar? I? cious when cooked I n ,a'^ no'hing until he bee ?I '? ?ail? wish to gather mushrooms f< - t*i ?^ use one of the books on ? in, M?r,w the public librar - ' ti i r??*^ | with great accuracy and experiBBBst . tiously. Westport, Conn., Aug. 1s. WtT. Movable Registration Board* To the Editor of The TritMUM Sir: As the doings of the various *???? tion boards are being ileve'.ened Wl making of a sensational fllai *'n'*l enly for those who firmly believe that "b : able appointees an- incapable of n?r" | dishonorable credit" r",r;r"t m t0 '"ffn? ? the authorities through your value We ^ fearless paper the necessity of !R,0?fL _g| a new system of distributing the ?""^ exemption boards throughou' the city ?. way as neither to allow the regi??J* u ' information in advance whom he :J u_ ( ?ben he will present himielf 'or '"????f tion, nor a member of an;, board *? ^ where he is ext.ect?>,l to discharge hi? "^ tions for that day until the morning ? meeting. . .i^?? Assuming such a system II adopta? ^ ?ho feel it an honor to serve will ? ^ realize that this is the only we? t0 * .?j faithfully the demand made by the "?> and Congress, while those who.?* t*na ^ | are not in sympathy with n?il ?sf" resicn forthwith. . ,\t With the present facilities for trs ? ^ ir.eonveniinces of a transfer from ?^ ?ugh to another for one day. csnnot such magnitude as to cause co-Tip^?"1 ^ The rules governing examination''-.?a istrants do not require any t.m* < ^ over the field." and the appointing ff will not be guilty of exposing m*1* ... templaron*. PERTINENT J? New York, Aug. 14, 1017.