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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, September 01, 1917, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1917-09-01/ed-1/seq-1/

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CIRCULATION
Over 100,000 Daily
Net Paid, Non-Returnable
First to Last?the Truth: News ? Editorials - Advertisements
Vou 1,X\V11 No. 25,857
tCoprHtbl ItIT?
Thu Trlbon* \?? m
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1. 1017
? ? ?
ONE CENT A?a
Another Day
FindsNoPerch
For Pacifists
Ftfgrimi R?ch Chicago
Hoping Thompson Wi!l
End Search
Wire to President ]
Asking for His Help
Confusion Marks Whole
Trip?And Even Mil
waukee Proves Hostile
;?-.?? ( ?nnander:;
CBCAGO, II H I A-tpr ^??"*irK
MriM nVa timm, the Xew T.rt
?af *?!? who are baadiag the moi-e-menr
t? hoid ? r.?'.r-k: r*?" ewfroww
NflBBBaiBBaaa -cd. on tre:rarr,v?l
11 CMcagt ' ? 'hat *?* r'?
?toH to g*
Tfc?r had h?er F?aklBltad from mee.
..'-"-' r?f^N. D.J Had
jJJ *??.- M Nw k*? s' : WaaatagtaB.
fkaaaatia?a< ta-aigM iatkattkaj a U
gttBBf* ?? a*Bl l" t-'h'faS0' umier the
,upPo?:t:on tkat HayW Thompjon. who
i? been charged wHl being antajro
i';jtic to taa r'^srt'' w*r Plan*.
?? 1 frf tBBBI Wlt***T- The decijion
?'to wh.re Ifcay Wll rr.eet or whether
g* whole ?f?1?< "iH *f abandoned
jgj be reaehed at * eon'erence here
t*.Bs?rrow.
Almle*?iy WaadiHag
gjaaatlBM tlOVMl ll ' ' BBCiflatl are
r?pert?d U Bl WBBdariag ?tail?lly
ibcut ?"? BtBBlfJ. gBBlBBl <?' *-here
ftaj ?re to aaagrtgata. Tttogrami
bjN beer. *en: ITBBdcatt, advising
them to iW?H fBrtktf i-.rtructionj.
Cor.fvs'on attended the arriva! here
ef the ifiriil traia earryiag the
taajltl Ctwefl ?fleiala Ea route,
Leo-.s P. Lorhr.fr, tka BaeiBBt advar.ce
ager.t at MJaaaBBOlis, had UlagTBBBad
to MHM ! ? rjritol Kastman
Jacob Par.ker. ar.d Oihtt paciflat iead
ers on the trun lhal WaaaiBgtBa had
been decided upor.. and that H r.o audi
? ? .-? NaU Bl ob* ..:.<? I '?" the capi
tal the peaee cor.ference would be
ht'.d en the step? of Ifea ObbHb! huild
? on meet
the tra:r.. ! I paaifllta
itCaVai ? ??h.:'t " Wr^'-rj::on would
te a cont'ession ? : They m
s.s'.ed tlut they ihould po to Minnc
irtntOT Eurn
r.e would use force
to prew '
BpHt Threatened
A pe- tioa fatoi Bg Minr.eapoli? WM
g?ealat4 L '? aad a iplit li
the BMilsl rtakl i a'.iy, the idea of
|o:r.g c ther to Washington or Minne
apo'..i ?*&? abar.dor-.e.l. On arrivinc: in
Chicag ? ' thl pat
worr. k indeci?ion and
Htlicl ' v ed from the
tr?;r. | dnggt I I kggBgV from
the Lj- . ':? Hotel
I H . rborn.
There an Mttaiklj roon wmi engagcd
ir.d a^ in ; ? eacc confc 11
*as hf'.'l Attad .. ? th? authori
'"?'''???'? ' ota. Wii
; crlod
*ith nti'WHt ipMche - Juliel Stoarl
I"T"'. " ' ired that it
*u"an outrage" that A- iould
be Maiptllfd ''? ?*i >i in train over
?MTtVI m ? rj lll srarch of ? place
t" ?erc.!? frt? i]
Wa?hinj;ton? .Ne?er:
A r-" itfni in braatakulj
to announoe tha- . nain wa?
1 * ' ' ' | :\ania S'.ation
t0 car to 'Uashington.
???M ineonl ? . ih#d out again.
1 WlttW ? ? ,...,. h;ipi>en:ngs,
X''" H ' ? n, ||1| EMt
c-an ar.d Uj . i-on
ference hltn ..-, Bpptl floBI of
ln* t!0'r' BBt r?BCh Mr.
Lochrer fc; v ? ? f : , | ., tol?rB*B?.
Tta*wtnt< . - - .?-,. m\n
bw out cf ordtr. 1 h i aroaa?<J ehargti
*"*! '"' '-? ? ml tiag d ieriB?i
* ' N ?ffort wai made to
BBtoa loltgnph ?re. At I o'elack 11
*?' learr.e.; ??. ! nchner, accom-:
f-'.': " ' an, William E.
willwai and Charlei Kraae, had left
?MBMBOlil fot ( r
*r* rr,r" ' ? ? ? faraaea ronm
???( ^r.n hmj Miai BhatmaJI appeared.
w" ???"' d | u> Bight," sh*
l" rnmain over
"?}' ? ? ' ' ?' ? |< C on will he
BMa U mori rhara ia a probabil
't>' that n v. | hold our cunference ,
here."
Tetifon to I'resident
Th? ?d 0f Praaj lai * WilssB to help ;
??*m out ol ? laana was uakrd .
?T the Naw York fi->legat;on of the!
?*opie5 ( ouneil of Amariea in a tele
jr?m aant to tbe Whita House. The
_'!egri,m ?ra . Elkhart, Ind..
BMia the traia was kept waitiag. It
"w ' ? ? Mr. PraaldBBt.
>^"r great ialluaaef to keep the Bl
? Atrer.ca dcar a* a land wkara
oemorracy ratpecti ita own lawt and
lere publ:c opin^on is free to expre>s
and arganiia itaalf ia all !eSal waval
'"? IVopIeV Ccnacil ia a Uw-abiding
P0?ly. Keeking to aarra the highest
*oo<l (,f America and the peoples of
?i whole ararld, V, ask fof ouraalraa
"for rvery on? tbe constitutional
ngM of free and peacrablc n.'Sfmbiv."
ir.e m.'s.?age v.H- lignad by Algernon
"e, taa Sacialial to uhom \s.. denied
? Pae^port to the Stocaholm peace con
lererr,; Emil> Green Balch and Allen
"? Kicaer.
"What could Pre^ident Wilson do*"
fc, * cou!d i^sue a proclamation cali
Continued on Last Page
Hearst Quits;
To Back Hylan
For Mayor
Publisher Makes Bitter At
tack on Mitchel in
Statcmcnt
Wi'liam Rartdolph Hearst filed with ,
thp Roard of Eloctioni ypsterday his
formal doclinatioa to rnter tho Pemo
cratic primaritl ns a candidatp for
Mayor. Purthonaoro, In ? statement *<*
rompsnvinf: bis dcchnation, he prac
t ea'.ly pledped him^elf nnt to becom?
Bn lt-.dpppndent candidatp for election |
Oounty .ludjrr John F, Hylan, of Rrook- '
!\r. rernains. tlirreforp, thp solo candl- (
dato of tha repular Pemocrats for
Mayor. and tho political sincerity afl
Charlea F. Murphy itanda vindicated.
Mr. Hearat'a doclinatioa and that of
Frank Moss. who was dcsiKnated to run
Ofl thp Ber.nett'tii-kpt in thr Rppublican,
primarips for Pistnct Attornpy, wera
the two outr-tandinR polit.cal dpvplop- :
ncnts yesterday. To say that they ;
dtartd thp political atmosphere i? a
n.:ld ftatement of thp faets. lt is fully j
r\pected r.ow that a* a rpsult of thrm
thr tinal linc-up m thp municipal cam- [
paipn will bp Mttehol vs. Hylan, with '
only tho Socialist tickrt to create al
d.version of nny importancp. Thp loss
or Mos? ia Mich a hlow to thp RpnnPtt |
KlatP, lt il Rupposcd, that it will dis
courajtp nv.y atternpt to nominatp thp
former Statc Sonator and hil runninc
matps by petiiion in casp thoy mppt de
fpat in thr Rcpublican primaries, a
most probablr eonlingency.
Fusiofiints in Harmony
Tiirthor haraaony Ib thp f'usi.m ranks
na<i forecast by thp withdrawal a?
tho last minute laal aight of sevpral .
Rppublican aldprmanic candiriatps. !
The City Pcmocracy, which supplies
tho Fusion end of Rppublican-Fusion. j
had objccted strcr.ouously to the aolid
cVleijar.on of Repub'.iear.s dpsipnated
for aldermen. nnd to jlacate thp or
^aiii^at:on an accommodation was tf?
fcetcd in thp matter betwcen 3am
Kocr.:tr, thp Rppublican (. ounty Chair
DMB, and ( harles Steckler. represent
ing the indapondonl Pemocrats. In ad
d tiea, the ppmecrats will rpepive two
iie>:cr'ation* for A?*emDlrmpn,
of arhich were oripinally Republi- |
can.
Hearst's wtthdtawal *U fi'ed *'?tn
the Board of Eloctiona at 12:30 o'clcck
jrestarday afternoon. eleven and a half
heforc the lait rr.inute allowpd
.eh m preeetding. Sawi of H ??' |
reco:vr ommendablc ihoai of
imperturbal I t Wifwain.whoro
for daj l?" of Tammaajr, i>-c
nr.d ..tnall. had beon itcwing WJth ap
prchen Hoarot doobla-erooi
iin?1 Hylan. Murphy
? ? . ? ce w:th hii diatricl
lea'dei- no. Praatntly, whoo
? i eonferonet, he was askod
kt thoufht of the nawa Hc
??Mr. Hcant'i daelinaiioa 11 vprv
gratifviag newi. lt means a harmoni
iforl for the SUPPOIt of the Dem
? .-...- ires the elpct:on
of JudffO Hylan."
Xo comment was forthcominc from
Ju.ipe Hvlan or from thp hpadquarters
? p.^mocratic Fusion Committr?
of 170 which nominatcd him. on the
poasibly. thal the whole Hearst |
hould h- treatod as a fitfment ot i
? on. Tnere was
? here, lowerer, as ther
I . ?. ? nth Straot, an air ot
ind lcl'.ef.
Mr. Haarat'a Statement
nUtemanl ?rtth whleb Haarttae
eompanied hii deelination was headed
Simeon, < al.," but without a date.
!? read in part: ,
"| have bcen ill for some woeks and
unable to take any activp part in poli
tici or booinoio. 1 a? >tlU incapac
Utad, but thii >^ ?ot my ehijf raaaoa
for withdrawing my n-'"(' ,r"m *??
primarioa I haT? run harotafon to
Jid in the accomplithmoBt of aaaw
Bforra,tbe eoUblithmant of aanw
vital prineiple, and whcn ajjiw"
ona else rcady and wilhiig to lead1 the
ftrht and makfl the ncceoaary sacnficps
b..In . mce there ia a vital
principleat aUke, to b? uro the pr.n
ciole of whether the e?ty govcrnment
ghall he in tba control of pnvate pnvj
1-re-aeekinB intoreoti or whether it
ghall hc at tha aarvica of the pablie
who eleetod it and pay it and hvra
..?v righl to ?- undiTidod loyalty.
Bu- the Committaa of Ona Hundrad and
LvVntJ hav. aelactad Jndga I yl.n to
, ,. . . thi, easen^al Amen
.;, prtncipla of popnlar righta and
nonular gOV?rnmont, ai.d 1 see ro reason
VESSJi to qoeation the wiadom of,
th:::iri?fH;^.t,o.hashonorablyand
eoaraaeoualy espraaaod h:s dovotiaa to
thiaTrreat principla and h.a^illingnaaa
S ntaka tba . t, and I know of na
S."" public lifa who ia n:ore hon
H? ULn Indre Hvlan. mora eoaraga
<irable tnan .iii'-t' ". , , v,?t.
oua <?r mora flttod to load ia ttta oai
\ . \n ben.H Of the publiC MlfSN. ,
??Tho defoat of Moyor Mitehjl laab
-' to thp ^trKuardtng
?, Damoeratic prineiplea and Ao
raoUration of tha righta of tha eitiaaaa
in thcir own gorernment.
??I ha%.' i o peraonal hoatilltj to
Mavor MiUhel. He ia M amiahlp
voVna ?an, but without eharactar or
lr ,'rpK?. Hohasaomyambitionfor
l ? al rocognil on and a woak willing
, .V ,o plJca himself ontirah n the
and ainiater mterpsts
Sd aUow,hima.lf and hia preat pnbhe
JSa of thoaa aalflah intoraata and
-i nrownt my complimonta andeon
pratulatiens to Judgp Hylan hp
write., "and while 1 ?m unable to be
,n New York doring the prriod of thp
primarioo, I ah.ll eortainly rn.ieavor to
bp thpre durmt the campaipn and to
rpiider to h:m and to the cause such .
?crric# ?? 1 ??? ?
Over in Brooklya tha thrro-cornered !
f9r tha Doaaoeratie nominatioa
forBorough Proaidonl anfforad a ahaha?
up in tha withdrawal ot Jamaa N.
Powor, Unitad SUUa marahal. ?????
waa the eandidata p?1 farth hy ( harlpg
R Ward, iaadar of tha l?ih Aaaamhlyi
DUtriet lt Ia eontidorad altoppther
probable that before September ?.???>
Jhe liota close. Bird & Colar wf!"Mbre.
.ubatitatad for Powor. Ia faetj Mr
CoW formor Baraagh Praaidant aad
c ,, 1Pr Controllpr, ann.-unrpd oaspkatl
eatly yaaUrday that he would run and;
tbat h< would win.
Spy Trade Is
Still Open to
Enemy Aliens
Many Waya of Sending
News to Bcrlin Remain
Unguarded
London Says U-Boats
Act on Information
It Could Go by Telegraph
and Cable via Florida,
Cuba and Spain
U-beat* are working 01 er a wide area,
but frequently concentrate on a giren local
iIt, skowinr. tkat tkeir iecr?t toarrei of in?
formation remain good.? Arlhur S. |
Drapcr, London corre.ipondfnt of Tkt (
Trilunt, in n cnbl* dhpatrh dtmribinn
thr ivork of I'nited S'atfB drstroyrrt.
These trcrft tourcu remain good be
cause, among other reasons:
1N0 ultimate gtepa hare been
taken with the 100.000 enemy!
aHer,* resident in New York.
The Prendent's prorlamation forbid
ding them to r-.'sidc in or visit certain
sectiong ia a dead lettcr. Another proc-j
Umation barrng them from all river'
and Sound boats w.is nevtr taken *eri
BBBljr. The I'nited States marshal an
nouneed after it WrBI is?ued that the
order was expeeted to be "sclf-rnforc
iag."
2N0 eomprehensive list of enemy
aliens has been made by the
Federal auti.oritics, and the
making of or.e is not cven contem- ,
plafed.
3X0 effort has been made by the
goverr.men? to rid the insur-i
an.ee diatfl t of German fire in
suranee compan.e?, ncr of their agents, ,
nor of scores of enemy aliens therein
employed. In the msuranee dlatrictthal
spv has an easv f.eld, filled with ac
curate informat;ou as to the r ovements
of aalBB?tkil de?pite the faot that
German companies may no longar write
mmrint laaBgaaaa
4N0 eensoMhip has been plared
? on ti;e. miiils to neutral coun
tries, although aom? neutral
countries are krown Ia Bt tenanted hy
German spies. Mu h mail gBBI direct
to those countries, and thereby escapes
?he BriV.sh ccr.sor*.
5N0 censorsh.p has been laid
upon telegrams to points near
'.he Mexictn border, nor Florida.
6 0nly nominal restrictions have
been placed on travel to Mexico
or < entral American points, in
cluding Cuba.
How Eaaily Spiee
May Work
Just how this lark of cer.sorship on
telegrams and mails works for the Ger?
man spy system, whereby German
I'-boats are kept accurately informed
as to ship movements, will be appre
ciated when it is i-tated that in addi
tion to the powerful wireless plants
Gcrmany is alleged to mointain in Mex?
ico and Central America, there is n
direct cable from Cuba to Spain. And
Spain, as every reader of cable news
knows, is elmost. as full of German
agents a' the Siandinavian countries.
German spies among the 100,000
enemy aliens v ho are allowed to roam
ti' will in New York may use the Cnited
StatBI mails where time is not of,
urgent importance.
|f they are in a great hurry two
courses lie open. They may wire to
Tampa, Kty West or other Gulf points !
and by ma'l or messenger send the in?
formation to an accomplice in Cuba,
who will cable to other agents in Spain.
Once in Spain the message i? as good
as in Gcrmany. Or, if this course for.
any reason does not appeal to the spy|
or prepent? some difticulty, he may wire
to sorrie point near the Mexican border.
Short Journeyi
To Cable Enda
!n a speeial case the gpy himself
may go to Cuba or Mexico. It is wel!
known that Germans resident in New
York are constant travellers to and
from Mexico and Central American
points.
Against this condition men in the
BBVal service protest privately. They
have also protested against the fact
that enemy aliens, seized because
they were known beyond any possible
doubt to be dar.gerous, are interned on
EHil Island, where they are free to see
their friends whenever they wish.
There they occupy the beat position in
New York to watch the movements of
>hipping.
These and o?her protests resulted a
few days ago ifl the transfer of a lew
prisoners to Southem prison caanps.
The majority of the dangerous ones re
main on the island. They are allowed
to see as many visitorri as they wish
to even send for visitors who may be
an* of the lOO.OOO enemies of th*
I'nited States now at large in New
York. _
Germanamericanisms
l/'rom thr Sttuits-Zutung. Augutt S0)
The war h?.- mad?- us familiar with the u?e
of a new foreiRn word. ?Camouflaife," which
means the xame as "fakina-"4 a term more
ioani>iaaaaatBai to ^ than the w<?rd kanaaaad
(rom the flanir of Kreneh mu?ic hall.<.
They ha^e now Uaued a rall for en
batment of enterprising, aharp fellowb who.
by rncan* of every kind of artifice. lmiU
tlaaaB, ma?k?. et-. camourUge. fakinn
inight deeeive the (ierman tield graya. Hic j
Raadea. Theodore* At last there ia the op- |
aiilaalli of laadtag kward Berlin a di
u,icn aJ K'x-d, ilever idivTS.
City's Quota
In First Draft
Is Completed
But First Contingent Will
Not Leavr. for Yaphank
Till September 10
N'pw Vork ( ity's flrst draft quota Is
practicnlly romplptp, Roseop S. Conk
1'iig. dirpctor of thp draft of this city,
nnnouncpd last night. The work that
rrmains is only a matter of straighten
ing out rpcords that is, detprmining
thp prpcisp piace whpre the line bp
twepn thp first quota and the second
quota in each distrirt oomes, and get
ting dpcisionh from thp distrirt board
on casps which have bepn apppaled.
Coincident with this announcempnt,
Mr. lonkling stated that tbe riret dp
tachmpnt of drafted men will leave for
Camp I'pton, at Yaphank, I.. I., on Sep?
tember 10, tive days later than the date
last set. The delay, he said, is due to
the desire of the government to have
the camp in excellent condition before
tho drafted men arrive.
In a telegram spnt to thp chairmer.
of the 189 local pxemption boards, Mr.
lonkling said: "Pue to thp dpsire of the
govprnmpnt to makp adequate and
proper provision for the comfort of the
National Army eontingent, the Secre
tary of \Yar dirrcts that the heginning
of the movcment of selccted men to
Yaphank now *et for September 5 be
postponed until September 10."
"It ia conservative to prophesy," de
clared Mr. Conkling. "that by the tim*
the tirst eontingent leaves for Yaphank,
20 per COnt more than the quota of the
entire city will have been certified.
Kxceptional boards already have 200
per cent of their allotmput rpady to
servp in thp npw army. In fact, the
prpSLure on thp local boards at prtsent
is from dpmands of men who arp brg
ging x) bp placed in the flrst quo a."
The district board in a three h lld a
half hour spssion ycsterday did itn b!t
toward ending the bookkreping side
of the first draft by passing on 43R
cases. A larger proportion of appeals
was successful yesterday than hereto
fore. \inety-six decisions of local
boards were reversed and exempttons
j,ranted, whereas 188 affirmations were
made. Twenty-sevkn applicants re
ceived discharges for six months on
.ndustrial grounds and thirty-eight were '
refused.
Pespite Prpsidpnt Wilson's ruling
Thursday that mpdical students may j
he exempted from service in the draft'
army and instead enlist in thp rpserve
corps of the army. Robert F. K. Stier,
,i atadanl at the College of PhyFiciansj
and Bargaoaa, was urable to get a dis
rhargf when his case came up before,
the board yesterday. Having rpcpivpd ,
r.o official notification of thp new in-1
terpretation, the members agreed to
lay aside the ca'e temporarily,
Called Himself German
The board was called upon to dpcide
whether there existed such a thing as
a man without a country when the ap-'
peal of I'harles Schettler, who sought ,
txemption on the ground that he was
an alien enemy, was considered. It |
appcarad that he wa.s born in Phila
delphia, but was taken to Austria by
hii parents. and thcn to Germany,1
arhcra he said he was naturalized. Thp
Ganaaa government at the out^et of j
the war, Mr. Schettler asserted, tried '
to draft him into its army, but he
elaimod axomptioa as a citizen of the
I'nited Statoa, Hii claim was denied
ly the Teuton authontics, but Holland
Offored an uvenue of escape, and
Schettlpr rpturnpd to this country. Al- i
though Local Roard 113 certitied him1
for service. Schettler asked the district
board to discharge him on the ground
that he was a citizen of Germany, since
tha (i'rman militarv authorities so de
cidcd some years ago. He was not ex- |
rmptcd.
The opinion of the Pistrict Board
that the Fenner law, which provides
that city employes who entcr militarv
FervicB should receive the excess of
their civilian remuneration over their
soldier pay from the municipal tn>as- i
ury, was invalid will not intcrfere with
the operation of the law, it was learned j
yesterday. Acting ('orporation Coun
"*el Louis H. Hahle advised Controller
Rrendergast to rontinue paying city
employes who arp in military service
tha diforanca between their scrvice
salary and their normal wage. Mr.
Prendergast nepdpd immpdiatp adviee,
r.s he had to make out thp August pay
roll ypsterday. The Fenner law, it was
pointed out. will have to be prcsumed
constitutional until a court decision is
made against its validity.
1'nited States Commissioner Caboonp
yaatorday held Theodore Louis Willnpr. :
twonty-fira years old, of Coney lsland,
in 16,004 bail, and his mother, Mrs. j
Sndio Willner, forty-five, and Pr.
Adolph Rrandstein, fifty-two, of 102:
South Spcond Street, Rrooklyn, in
$2,000 each, on a eharge of conspiring
to dofoat the draft wct. lt is allegrd
that thp three made out affidavits that
Mrs. Willner was a widow and depend
{ nt on her son, and that 'ater the eon
madp out a second aftidavit *tating that
his father was alive, rpsiding in Pp- ,
troit. and that his mother had received i
a divorce from him eighteen years ago.
Thp .second aflidavit causcd the arrest
of the trio.
Plans for parade of rity's drafted-,
vien. on Page 7.
Britain Backs Wilson's Peace Terms
AND THE SOONER HE LEARNS TO MIX IT THE BETTER
Poles Forced Into Battle by Teutons
LONDON, Aug. tl. The German gov
ernment, acting in concert with Aus
tria, has decided to send the Polish
arnty, raised in occupied terntory, to
the Italian tigl.ting line, despite the
protest of the Polish Council of State,
which has been retired for questioning
a military ruling of the Central Powers.
The army levied in Poland since the
ereation of the German sponsored
Poliah kingdom consists almost en
tirely of Russian subjects, with some
additions from the Austrian Poles.
Dwindling man power in the Central
empires is directly responsible for the
action, according to a Copenhagen dis
patch, which quotees the "Vossiscbj
Zeitung" aa saying thnt military neces
aity compels the use of the Polish divi
sions on the Isonzo front. Practically
the same confession is made in a state
ment by the German Foreign Oflice to
The Associated Press to-day, whici
gives "the general offensive" of the
Allies aa the cause. This statement,
conveyed by a Berlin dispatch, follows:
"The general offensive now being c.ir
ried on by our foes," the Foreign Office
off icial declared, "also ll aimed at I
Poland, which, therefor?, is given tho
opportunity to tij'ht shoulder to shoul
der with l: against thr common enemy.
For this purpose, a iarge number of
t.oops composing the newly organized
le^ions have been placed at the disposal
of Austri.;. A sutficient r.umber of
officers and inftructori have remained
behind, however, to continue the work
of organizmg the army.
"As soon as ihe military situation
warrants tka Pohsh tTOOBf now at the
front will returr. horne.
"It is to be legretted that the Coun
' cil of State has made a prctext of this
1 measure, which was wliolly dictated by
| military necess.ty. The incident, how
ever, will not interfcre with German
and Austnan pl.ns for establishing a
govrnmeut that ? :11 permit Poland to
enter tho rr-.iik.-. of ir.depcndent pow
ers."
The Polish troops referred to are
doubtless those rai^ed in Russian Po?
land after it had been conquered by i
the. Central Powor3 and the recruitingj
of a so-called Polish army begun.
Polish enlistments in this force arel
i understood to have been iimited, and
recently some of the units resigned
rather than be put into tr fteld under
Austro-German command.
The "Taegliche Rundschau," of Ber
lin, gay Copenhagen advices, gives a
new version of the reason for the re
tirement of the Polish Council of
State, saying that ingtead of resigning
it was dissolved because it ventured to
present an ultimatur.i to the German
government on military questions.
The retirement of the Council hag
brought out the fact that at the con- ;
tidential session of the Reichstag Main '
Committee on Monday the majority ;
partics demanded the establishment of
? really representative Assembly and !
a responsible Ministry in Poland a i
step which the "Rundschau" declares
would lead to an immediate demand
for the withdrawal of Gcrmans from
Poland.
The pan-German newspapers have
bagBB a campaign for the abandonment
of the idea of a Polish kingdom, argu
ing that the retirement of tne Council ,
gives a favorable opportunity to undo
the mistakes made m proclaiming the
establishment of the kingdom and aince
that time.
Germans Mass Aeros and Fleet Off Riga
LONPON", Aug. 31?Oerman naval
actirity outside the Gulf of Riga has
been increasir.g through the week, and
yesterday a j-reat squadron of enemy
airplanes raided both the Russian isl
and basei in the Gulf and the shipping
and harbor works of the city itself.
Petrograd evidently expects the long
heralded German attack from land and
sea.
There is no reason why this shctild
not take place. The Germans have
practical control of the Baltic. with a
convenient base at Libau, and thpre is
nothing to atop their naval forces.with
the exception of the Russian fleet.
which is presumably in the same state
of demoralization as the army. From
time to time the Germans have bombed
the islands of the Gulf of Riga from
the air, but yesterdav's raid was the
most ambitious yct undertaken. Forty
airplanes compnsed the raiding squad?
ron. and ninety bombs were dropped on
the Russian warships anchored under
the guns of the two Riga fortresses.
Russian ariators rose and engaged the
Made in Germany
So reads the lafeel on the Stockholm Peace Con
ference.
William Engluh Walling, who recently quit the
Socialist party for its unpatriotism, writing in this
Sunday's Tribune, shows up the German stamp on the
Conference. Out of 202 delegatea, 155 have already
declared for a German peace.
Speak to your newsdealer to-night. Have him re
s>erve your copy of
enemy without loss to themselvs, or,
apparently, to the Germans. German
fliers also penetrated to the entrance
of the Gulf of Finland.
Petrograd says that German torpedo
boats, submannes and minesweeping
trawlers have been observed in the vi
cinity of tho Gulf of Riga. Thesp may
be the forerunner of a fieet of cruisers
' and transports.
( ampaign I.ong Forecast
If a landing were forced it would be
| on the eastern shore of the gulf, in :
| the rear of the Russian defences along
i the Pvina. Such a campaign as the
l opening wedgp of a drivp for Petro
: grad was forecast just before the Rus- .
i sian revolution, but it never developed.
'. Piscussion of its possibilities was re
vived during '.he Russian retreat to
the eastern bank of the River Aa, just
araat of Riga, but that now appears to
hi.ve becn merely a rectifieation of Gen
pral Lptchitsky's defensive system. It
, is late in the season for any offensive ,
contemplating the occupation of Petro?
grad, but the German High lommand'
may be planning to turn the Russians .
out of their strong defensive positions j
along the Pvina. A blow in the rear.
leading to the capture of Riga, would j
undoubtedly have this efect.
Berlin is silent as to any operations, |
naval or military, on the extreme
northern Russ.an front. The German
War Office lUtaf that Russian raiders, ;
after strong artillery fire, undertook ,
preparatory o'.fensives both northwest
of Dvinsk and near N'arocz Lake, but
were repulsed by trench garrisons in
both caaes. Petrograd merely an
nounces that the cannonades have in
creased in this region, in t. e direction '
of Vilna and in the sector between
Smorgon and Krevo.
On the eastern Galieian frontier Ger
paBB detachments crossed the Zbrocz
River, ?reck.*d the Russian trencheg,
and ther. returned to the west bank of
the streirn with a number of prisoners.
Berlin admits that the situation is
unchanged in southwestern Moldavia.
Accordir.g to Petrograd, the enemy at
tacked repeatedly in the valley of the
Suchitza, where Russian demoralua
tion early in the week caused two se
rioug defeatg, but was repulsed with ,
hcavy logses. The Rumanians also
drove back Austrian assaults west of i
Ocna.
(Other news of the b'ronta on
Pnge ti.)
Italian Tlanes Carry 25 Men
NEWP0R1. R. I. Aug. 31. -Great
aeroplanes capable of carrying twenty
rive men apiece and of travelling more
than 900 miles without stop have been
developed by Italy, Major R. Perfetti,
of the Royal Itahan Klymg Corpi.
said to-mght at a meeting held here
under the auspices of the N'ational
Special Aid Society. He called for
volunteers to subscribe the funds nec
essary to send the latest model across
the Atlanf.c under its own power.
Such a demonstration would solve the
l'-boat problem, he declared. Major
Perfetti ll head of the Special Italian
Aeronautic Mission in the United
SI ll e |
"I am glajl to be able to say now,"
he said, "that there is a soluhon
to this problem of aeroplane shnmcrt I
at hand, and that the I'niieU Statc* I
government or any group of patriotic
Amencans can test the plan which I
propose for a few hundred thouiand
dollars-- ilthough I personally hope
that not less than $5,000,000 will be
set aside to undertake to carry out
thii pian, which consists of taking the
latest Italian air cruisers, which can
carry twenty-tive passengers, and
building another even larger ?ir
cruiser, the designg of which have
just been completed by the wmc Ital?
ian engineers who designed and built
the twenty-nve-pastenger machine, and
flying these machines acro3* the At
lantic."
Pope to Continue
Hia Efforts to
End World War
Disappointed by Wilton's
Reply, but Will Not
Give Up
England Thrilled,
Cecil Declares
Further Response by Allies
Hardly Necessary,
Minister Says
LONDON, Aug. 31.- Lord Rcber*
Cecil, Minister of Blockade, to-day in
dorsed President Wilson's reply to the
peace proposals of Pope Benedict and
said he was not certain any further
response would be necegsary.
Thia ig the first official expression of
opinion in regard to the President's
note from any of the Allies.
"The President's ncte is a very mag
nificent utterance," said the minister
to The Associated Press. "It thrilled
us all over here, and the opinions which
I heard expressed by representatives
of Allied countries were oquaily warm
and appreciative. I am certain that
none of the Allies would be able to
improve upon it, and I am not certain
that any further reply will be neces
sary.
"There does not appear to me to be
anything inconsistent as between tha
President's note and the eeonomic pol
icy of the Allies as dcclared at tha
Paris conference. Tho resolution.s of
the Allies were purely defensive meas
ures and in no way agjressive.
Viewa of Conference
"They had in view the nccessity for
reatormg the eeonomic life of the
Allies after the war and protecting our
selvea against any aggressive and mili
tariat commarcial policy which n.ighl
be pursued by cur anemiea after the
war, and German ichemes for drivir.g
their allies into a Central European
commercial bloc show that auch a policy
ia a real danger. We do, indeed, hold
that in this struggle eeonomic consid
erations are as vital as purely military
and naval measures. We have to main
tain and foster the eeonomic strength
of those who are tighting the Central
powers quite aa much as we have to
organiie our aiaues and naviea.
"\Ve allies al'-o believe that we are
right in attacking the eeonomic strengCi
of our enemies with every legitimate
weapon at our command. That is why
we rejoice at the vigorous policy which
the L'nited States is nursuing in re?
gard to exporta and other matters. De
pend upon it, there is no more potent
weapon with which to bring home to
Germany the fol'.y and wickedness of
her military leaders. to show her that
war does not pay, even in the strictest
commercial sense.
German Boasting
"Germar.s are fond of boasting of
their war maps and pointing to the
tcrritones which they have overrun.
They forget that ir. the pursuit of their
militarist policy and their contempt for
all international !aw and the rights of
non-combatants and neutrals they havp
arrayed against themselves forees
whose commercial and tinancial re
sources are immeasurably greater than
their own.
"Hardly a week passes without some
indication that even those nations
which still remain neutral are getting
to the end of their patience. It is
scarcely extravagant to say that if the
war goes on many months long"er the
Central Powers will rind htcrally the
whole of the rest of the world arrayed
in arnis aganst them.
"That is a state of things which give
rise to two observations. In the rirsi
place, it ^hows that m the modem
world military force is not everythina;
that even if the German arnues were
reallv t>* successful and invincible a ,
the Kaiser and h:s generals boa.?t, the
futurc of Germany would still be in
eraaaiagly dark. Tho second observa
tion is more full of hope. It indicaten,
perhaps, the r'al solution of the great
est world problem of the day. namely,
how we CBB taka precautions to prevent
fu'.ure wars. The great diffieulty of
all schemes for leaguos of nationa and
the like has betn to tind an effective
sanction against nations determined to
break the prace.
"I will not now dbeuss at length the
difficulties of joint armed action, but
every one who has studied the question
knows they are very great. It may br,
however, that a league of nations. prop
erly furnished with machinery to en
force the tinancial, cimmercia! and
eeonomic isolation of any nation de
termtned to force its will upon th?
world by more violence. would be a rea!
safeguard for the peace of the world.
In any case, that is a subject that may
wel! be studied by these smcerely ani
ious to put an end to the presen: aya
tem of international anarchy."
Pope to Continue
His Peace Efforts
ROMK. 4ag 31. The point empha
sized ia S'reaident Wilson'a note that
no one can have faith in the honor of
the German rulera or accept their
signatures to a peace treaty n 4 prob?
lem that has focussed the attention of
the PontifT. To-night it was evident
that he was not content to cease hi*
peace effor'.a, but would cuitinue their
discussion ia further notes, posaibly
for the next four or tive months. until
he should gain ground, or tiM becoma
satiafied that the taak was hopeless.
It has boen suggeated that the task
wik hopeless by such a method, but
that tho Pope might reach with th
warring nations a prehminary groun I
of discussion and might <*v*ntuil'y be

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