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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, September 02, 1917, Image 43

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Russia Turns Hopefully From Petrograd to Moscow
0g a while the centre rf gravty of
FtJ, Kussian crisis has moved from
pati-ograd B3 Moscow. and the eyes
aBttra ^,,r'^ ?r* u9m *?eaBflBaaJ on '
ranttine Muacoilaa eapatal. Ta some
iafSa raet adaae ampaBiaiaaa the seri-1
tf*' , ike situation. For to Moscow
^.j.ans ahraja turn "? timf of "a"
* . j -~*.*.* Moscow symbolizes in Rus
kiitory gra\e crises and great spu
?V v..ra's ** the iragedy that Ifl
being et'acted in Russia appronches
*'.>nat. KeacOW is replacng Petrograd
"ii 'tre cf the country's daily hopes
ij the asa
j paajajrii
aaaai * admittedly ?ick. very bic'k. In
I Bajf abe has mobilized all that
r." kHathy ?nd aaund in her organ
1 r?i5urrem0 elfort at iwcotary. This
Tj^Bjaasraa carried out hy Alexander
??**?? *t: !V*n ',f drstlny- An(* n* '
v. -hesc Moscow as the mobiliza
" "H-erc last week assemhled the
wifP- i?w"
"l_mf frjaaia'a "r-.telligertsia" to seek
ag!abJ aaaaai ,;1 ?**? the Jraajtajaat re
tbe e
rvelniinary Flounshea of
The Convention
-.f Moscow assembly. styled the Ex<
.--arr National Council. was a most
,. , cOTgrcgation for present-day Rus
!" The aaputiei ef all the four dumas,
' u.;v*s ct" the big universities and
-fflircial bodies, leaders ef conserva
asd progressne parties, came there
wtalfalthaaf allrd bourgeosie. An
1>r; prea ipateh of Augusi 23
,,.~ed the followmg preliminariea:
'-ir.'t Trom P'f*rnt indication the Crn
.... Y ikelj te Uka the form cf a strugf>
fteCaaiaet, I ? ?? '> !'? ^?"ai'!,t I*ft,
_.,? tba aaargeeiaia, eaaaiatiag of Can
-.-^Bil-Democratf, (iiscorter.ted NOBeOW
-*?a wei unr.* their presidert, Rinbu
- fi ? Tk* Veta rork Mail i
ieejfai Bai pabe;. deaBaadiag radical
?i- yea
laaaagtasjeeke hava arrived ?' Bfeseaw
Bl r'?- :*:' IU -' tha Duaaa, a. .1.
...- ... .- ? frn
..?--. ?? r-Foreign Mii '-ter;
? - ? laref. '? \ M ?? -r - io the for- I
Bj BBBBBI :'-> ef of Ihfl Russian .
larala i I BruaailofF, who
?flBaaj ceafei Ihe ler.ders of the
leww Bteefl I ahuahinsky, e\
I ??*?-?.. ??* ' ? Trade A. T.
: > * anri Tr nc< (len
1 of Krzerum and Ata
?''?'??' ?rri .r ri luter."
arrivala waa full of
I',- i rises the i.ames ?f
aiBa)stand, ? gi polities, for the I
i"o ? - ?. proseeution of tbe j
BbbubbI Gern ?? in conjunction with'
the Allies, and. tn domestic politics. for
the postponement of all social' reform till
the COnclueion of the war. These poli
ticians were backed by such military lead
ers a^ Frusiloff and .ludenich. whose pop
ulanty with certain troops gi\es their
words and actions great weight.
The Right factions were thus on the
scene of hattle early. But the leaders of
the Left organization*, such as the Coun?
cil af Workmen. Soldiers and Paaeantl
and the various Socialist parties went to
Moscow hesitatingly. A certam portion
of the Left, the Maximalists, or Rolsheviki,
refused to attrnd the convention. and de
cided to prcH-laim a general strike in pro
t'-st against the fraterniwition of the prole?
tariat with the hourgeoisie. But all at
lemnts at strikes proved abortivr, proved,
also. at the same time, the patriotic mood
af the majonty of Russia's working class.
An important development of the stand
of the Bolsheviki was that the executive
eommittee of tbe Workmen's Council de
cided to rob the Bolsheviki representa?
tives of their right to be represented there.
At the same time, the Mensheviki. or Mini
malists. who are the moderate Socialists
controlling the Workmen's Council, re
--olved that. the Moscow conference should
he. only cotisultative, I, e., that its decision
should not he binding upon the Provisional
Such was the political situation on the
(\e of the open ing of the Moscow assrm
My. But the military situation. also, sud
denly assumed a very gloomy outlook. The
Cermans began to advance in the north
and Riga eeemed about to fall. Mr. Deych
Fleuvet. coriespnndent of *'The New York
World." cabled at the time as follows:
"Tha aerieus menare to Ripa may play a
deeisive rart ln the Moscow cotiferer.ee. 'Ihe
eondition of thi troops and the activities of
the flolahevtki. who are attemptirifj to disin
teprate the land and rtnval forces la a manner
smellir.g atrongly rf Oerman money, will he
up for consideration.
"Tha whole aituatien ia attaining deeiaire
importanee MbBBBW, representintf the ri.ut
try, ia atttmij a? a court. soltmnly ravlewiag
the revolution ard determining to lav a
lourae of real power ta rehuild the army and
the nation'a industries. Tha rrediramenf of
Riga klndles the impulse "
For Purposes of Revirw
And Counsel
Another mterpretation of the tneaning
ard purpose of the. Moscow eorivetition was
*>ired Ky Herman Bernitein, naw in Pe
tregrad, to "The New York Herald." He
"Aa a eliaiaa to the *re mont.ha of revolu?
tion at the national ftfeeeew conference the
rorreaentatives of all elements of ftusr'a will
arlew the present situatioi', ofTrrinjr counsel
ia the crisis.
"The rVoviaional l,overnment arill rre?en?
a proprao-.nie to eope drast'.cally aith the
eaanter revalatianary attempts ard tender
, aa and with extreaie radiealism and Max
? ?-. which are u-iderm nit'p t^a founda
tion of the Rusaian revolution
"It a!:0 will out'. ne its de'erminatton to
continue the wa' vigereaala/ by reargBBtsiag
? - litara foreea and ostah!'shi"e; iron dis
cipline at the front throughout Russia.
"Ritter eritieiam s expeeted from various
elements. A clash between the Seldiera' and
Wor.nien'n Council and the repr^eita"v?
duatrial H? j??ik il itumirient. b'i* thi
pravilv of th" situation douible.as will 'ead ro
sacrifiees of partisan diffrrences 'or t"e sakfc
of aavlag Ruaaia and freedom through their
mted efforts."
When on August 2*. at 3 o'clock in the
sfternoon, Premier Al*>xander Kerensky
opened the Ifeeeoar Assembly, he confront
ej two separate and oppofing hostile cur
lent.--. Thasc curranti are aiually raferrad
to as the counter revolutionary elements.
But it ia erroneous to imagine that these
element- are united. There are two coun
ter revolutionary movements in Russia.
i ne at the extreme Right. the other at the
BXtrame Left. Both. H il true, aim at the
(.verthrow ot the present provisional gov
ernment. but from totally different mo
tives. The Rightists are the bourgeois pro
gmiitai and ex-inonarchists who believe
I that the Socialist Cabinet of Kerensky is
j tao radical and dangerous. Tha Leftists
I are the anarchistic Maximalists and Lenin
j ites. Bfho consider the government of Ker
lansky toc. COaaervatiVB and un-proletarian.
j The former want to see a strong govern
I nent, headed by Miliukoff or (jutchkoff,
j lueceed Kerensky, while the latter would
l:ke to see Lenine and the internationalists
rule Russia.
The "Council" May Be a House
Built on thr Sands
Tn the centre, between the Left and
Right, there is to-day a fireat Lnknown.
A coijplo of months ago (his centre was
| the most powerful streatn of Russian pub?
lic opinion. The Council of Workmen and
Soldier- was its- organ. And the council's
spokesman was Kerensky. To-day the
COUneil'l prestige is still declining as a re
! inlt ef the debaele at the front. It is still
iconaiderad, however, the strongest organi?
zation in Kusfia. hut no one knows the. ex
tent of iti recent losses, and many would
POt he surprised to see it crumhle away in
the rear future like a house huilt upon the
I sands. Kerensky still speaks offieially in
\ tho name of the council, but many suspect
thal 't il no longer the council that sup
j port-s Kerensky. but vice versa.
And when Kerensky speaks, he. must
thorel'ore speak, hy the very nntiire of
| thingl, n? the leader rf the central current.
He addiaaaed barah words both to the Left
| i,nd the Right eounter revolutionlsts. He
, said:
"Theia wha think the rnement haa eayne tl
i averthrea the revolutionary power with bay
| otiets are rnakinc a mistake. Let them take
rare, for our authority is supperted by the
i boundlrss confidenre ot the people and by
l milliona of eoldiera who are defending us
. against the Cerman invasion.
"Ti.oi. who once trrmhled oe'ere the jrov
ernmenl of autoerata aow holdly mareh
atrai! -t the governnent with arma in hand.
I Rut let them icnicnihrr that our pattenee ha?
it- I mita and that thoae who go beyond them
will have to aettle with a frovernment which
; ...II make them remember ihe time of I'r.ar
i i?m Wr ahall be miplarable, because we ara
1 cenvinced ti?t aupreme power alone can aa
sure the aalvatian of the eountry. That ia
v?hv I 'hall oppo.p energetirally all attempts
tn takl advaatage af Rui>sia'* national m'a
fortunes. and whatever ulttmatum la pre
sented 1 rhall suhj< et it to the aupreme power
! and to myself, iti head
Out of the Wildernesa of Ignorance
*nd Superstition
rrniii 77?e BaUtmort frun
"The government will endeavor to erottcl
I thr atravf againat the aubversive influeneea
Which rleprived ..oldiers of all aenae of mili?
tary dutv. and will struggle energetieally
against the Maximali'ts, againat all atfempts
by them to i-orrupt disciplme."
Kerensky. It Is Claimed.
Satisf.ed No Party
The Premier also warned the national
I ities seeking to secede frora Russia that the
government would make use of force to
bring thoni to reason, while he reiterated
i Russia's dotormination to fight the war to
the end. And yet he satisfied none of the
oppo?ition factions, according to the eor
raipondent of Ihe Londotl Kxchange Telo
grapfa Company, who cahled:
"Premier Kerenaky's speech in opening the
national i-onferenee did not satisfy a a;ngle|
party or suoeeed ifl uniting the differetit
groups Ifl mutual service for the eountry. I
The democratu are diaaatiafied with the dic- i
tatorlike novernment. The ant i-democrata '
expeeted a praetical programme for the enrrv
ing out of measures to put down anarchy.
Tiiey al.-o aie di-aatisl'ied with tlie Premier's
ileclaiation rcgaiding the lmpoasibility of
Imagialag a eaaatrj without freedom, aajriag
thi; is no time to talk of freedom and social J
The dissatisfaction with Kerer.sky's
speech ua- but natural. He showed no
1'avoritism toward any of the elements rep
re^ented at the convention. But his ad
dre-r, opened up a torrent of talk. On the
IrTth of Auguat, the second day of the con?
ference, various party leaders aired their
grievances and protests. The extretnists
wanted the abolition of the death penalty
in the army. while the conservatives cried
for strieter discipline and punishment. AH
rye turned t'?ward (ieneral Korniloff, the
ruthleil eommander in chief. Only a few
day before ho had demanded the militan
r.ation of the railways, being backed by the
Co.--a.-k congress. The I,eft expeeted his
coming to Ifeeeow with fear. The Righl
lioped to gain his support. His arrival at
tlie aneient eapital was the occasion for a
mighty i-plebration. The masses greeted
him like a national hero. At the confer?
ence he upoke the brutal truth, saying:
"The attaattaa on the front Is had. We
have laat the whole of (ialieia, the whole of
Bakowiaa and all the fruita of our reeenf
vi.-tortea At aeveral points the eneniv haa
crossej our frontter and is threatening our
fertilr aouthern provmrer He is endeavor
ing to destroy rhe Rumanian army and is
knocking h? tne gaW i.f Riga. If our armv
does not hold 'he shore of thr f.ulf of Riga
the road to Petrograd w ill be opened wide.
"The old regime hequeathed lo Ruaaia an
army wliirh, desp'te all the defecta in its or
ganisatiea, nevartheleaa was ammated hy a
fghtmg spirit and was ready for saertfiees.
Th? whole seriec of meaaurea taken hy thoae
who are completely foreign to the *pint and
needs of the army has transformed it into a
eollection of Individual groups whieh hava
lo?t all aense of duty and only tremble for
their own porsona! safety.
"Tf Russia wiahes to he aaved tha irmr
muat be regenerate.l at any coat. We must
.mmediately take meaaures such aa f have re
lerred to, wlur'n have heen appro.-ed in thair
f-ntireti' bi- the actmg Mimatcr of War."
Free Russia Must Act
Now or Perish
KornilofT'^ words put the issue of the
f-risis squarely up to the Moscow assam
bly. Either the Russian army is to drop
cxperunenting in socialism and hecome
acam a tighting organuation, er it is to
continue disintegrating, leading Russia to
complete min. This contains the essenee
cf the disoase arTecling FlUB Russia. The
eountry mt:st use experienee in place of
oxperimentation. It must avail itself of
t ried method^ of government instead of un
tried theories. It must postpone doctrin
nire reform movements, or perish. All
these fhinsrs the present conference has.
The Moscow convention up to Wednes?
day took no definite act ion on the au preme
issue, thus leaving the situation unmiti
fated. But the sound elementu in it cer
tainly found enrouragonient and hope in
the BBjasjaSflJ of President Wilson to the
conference. Thia message wa? bnef, but
signirlcant, and read I
"I tak* th* liberty to i*nd te, th* m?mb*rs
ef the j-reat council aaw meeting; in Moscow
the cordial crectingi of their friends the peo?
ple of the I'nited Statea; to cxprass their
conlidei.re in the ultimate triumph of ideals
of deBMcracy an.l ielf?geeeiBBBaat against all
enenne. within and tvitheBt, and to fiv* their
reaewed assurum-e af every aaaterlal and
moral BssiataBCB they ran extend to the gov
frniiH'iit of RaBflia in the promotion of the
BBiflflaofl eaaaa ia which the twe nations art
aaaelflably unitaeV
ln . pita of the promise of American aid,
British opinion was far from sanguine
?' er the Russian s^uatiom On August 'JR
the I.ondon corrcspnndent of "The N'ew
Vork World" thus summarized the Allie-'
v.evv of the Russian crisis:
"The Russian aituation is r?farded here as
one ef prartieally itnrelieved hopelessness.
The revelatteaa of (i*n*ral Kormloff a? Mos?
cow of th* tnutitious Hint uit^^rtatioti, both at I
the front and rear ol fh? Russian armie*.
conditions mhirh, of cours*. were known to
thfl Allied trovernments weeks ago. account1
for the pessimism prevalent for some time. I
The utmost expected of Russia is to refus*.
to rruk* a separate peac*. as even the e\trem
'st, raallae l Hat such a peac* uould plac* h*r
under th* GenaaB heel for a (jeneration to
"A virorous ofTensn* on th* \"V*stern fren*
haa preveated Oernaaay from taklng full mili?
tary advaatagfl of the Russian collapse, a>id
farther h*a\y blows may b* antiripatad,
which not onlv ,\lll ha\e th* cfTect of piTinina;
down th* Geraaaaa on th* w**t, but also of
usinij UP ieutotuc reMfrvei"
From Tha Eiertin* Ltttyer, Phlladelphia
Foreign Papers in America
Are Also Alive to the
Situation Overseas
THE Russian crisis was perhapa the
ehlef topk of discussion in the for?
eign language press of last week.
The Russian and Yiddish papers reaeted to
it strongly. The speech of Kerensky, at
the Moscow conference, in which he warn^d
the counter-revolutionary elements in no i
uncertain terms, provoked much comment
Bfl both flanks. Speaking for tho ele
rients npholrlinjr the Provisional Govern?
ment, the "Russkoye Slovo." of New York
City, said, editorially:
"\early half a year has *laps*d since th*
tirst flhel 1" the wonderful Rmsian revolu
tion 44?s tired. During these six months
the pendulum of Russia's national life has
moved so rapidlv awav from autocracy and
bureauerecy that it i* dimVult to belleve
that all thoae erenta oeeurred within ao
bnaf a apan.
"Aeeording to Kerenaky, healthy-minjed
and elaar-aighted Ruaaia, whieh is now ready
to begin active and inetaaant efforta to at
tain her aims, ia repenting tha sins of tha
laat si* montha and announct-. her deciaion
to fulnl more actively and more energetical
ly the duty sha owea to her htatorical des
tiny. Ruaaia's terribla ain conaiata ln thia:
rhal ?he haa eloaed har eyea to reality and
allowed a amall band of theonats and
phraae-mongera to lead har from the road
of truth on t? Iha road of fantaatie chi
"At the preatnt time Ruaaia ta in aueh
danger aa haa never before threatenad her
There is only one road to aafety Tha best
men ot Russia have gathered to hear from tha
lipa of thoae who stand at the helm of the
government what is the true pr?aent atate of
affatrs. Thia convention of great man will
bend its bast efforta to aave Ruasia
"To its report on the atate of affalra, tha
governmerit ought ro reeeive from tha pres?
ent Congresa at Moaeow rhe following re?
ply: 'If Ruaaia can be saved. by a policr
of blood and iron, from the danger that
threatens her. than let not the hand tremhle
that has to exereise that grim authority!"'
erensky Viewed as a New
Type of Czar
On the other hand, the extremist "Novy ,
Mir" is alarnied at the tone ef Kerensky's
message, seeing in it danjter to the revo?
lution. It writes:
"Karansky announced that the Proviaional
Government would rule with a firm hand,
that it wouM take enargetie meaaurea to
auppreaa all duordera. that it would moat
reiolutely combat all thoaa who aim to rob
the government of its power. It ia not dif
ficult to surmiae that he had in view thoaa
levolutionariea who regard tha preaant ait
uation with open ?y*?, aeeing that tha gov?
ernment of Kerensky ia marehing alonjj tho
counter revolutionary path. Of the foreea
of reaetlon. of the aupportera of the old
regime, who are endeavoring to atAb revo?
lutionary Ruaaia in tha back. Kerenaky
apeaks in another place. He declarea that
theae powtrs ara not terribla, that the Pro
viaional Government, backad hy the paople
and tha army, would have no difnculty In
eoping with tham.
"It ia the rave'utionarr internatlonaliate
who ara taxing tha gOTtrnment'i patienea,
and theaa revolutiontata tho government will
fight with fire and sword, eompelling them,
aeeording to Kerenaky's expreaaion, to rt
call tha timea of ciariam. i. e., it will arail
itaelf of tho aame methoda employed by the
government of the Czar.
"Kerensky bacomes more outapokon erery
day, having practically ahown all hii carda
in hia laat apaaeh. He daelarea war againat
the genuina revolutionary forces of the I
eountry, openly announcing to that part of
tha revolutionary democraey which Is atill
loyal to tha teneta ef tho Inttrnationale,
tho tanota of revolutionary aocialiam, 'Wa
march againat you!' How will Ruaala'a rev?
olutionary democraey anawer KaronakyT"
America'a Offer of Help la
Very Welcome
The Jewish "Day," discussing President
Wilson's message to the Moscow Confer?
ence, takes the following view:
"Tho assuranees whieh President Wllaon
offered to Ruaaia In hia cablo to tho Moa?
eow confaraneo aaaurances that Amorica
standa ready to give all poaaibla moral and
material aupport to the Provisional Govern?
ment?will surely aecomplish much good.
With tho exception of the extreme radicals,
on eno aide, and of tho dark reartionanea.
on the other side, all the political grotip? in
tha conference will recoive Preaident Wil
aon'i promiae Bith real enthuviasm.
"It is very aad to ob?erve that, ifl a time
like the present, the extreme groiips ara ao
powerful in Ru'aian political life and are
placing ?o dangerous an obstarle irt the path
ot the government. From the dt.atance. lt
may appear that it ould bo an eair taak
for all to agree I ? programme which
wou'd lead to a con uaion of tho war guar
anteeing the developmer.t of a frae and
demoeratie Ruasia But, in reality. tho
problem la not so easy. and 'hoao at the
head of the praaont pelit.ral order have be?
fore them a very difflcv.'.t, programme.
"But there ib no reason for deapair, aa- I
peciaiiy if wa bear in mind almilar rerolB*
tions and their consao/: :ei in human hifl*
tory. Russia is rec >eratlng rraduaJly,
Tbe first waves of th* revolutionary curvaBS
have fallen back. and or. tbe bare, steay
ground the r?alitie* a' nif*?t.
"And reahties deman. or* than raerelf
beautiful magie words. Jlu ahi alone arill
not sar* Runia. Vain duputea over revola*
tionary phraieology wili not put an and ta
the terrtble World War And Ruaaia doea
not poiseas what sh* n**ds most. But Aoaer*
ica promnes to oT*r it to h??. Tbii Will
What Will He Do Next?
% KJ
1 rom i... t'mamdetfkam fmbtie LtdfOf
str*ngthen the Provtsiona! Gorerament, thfl
duty of whieh is to introduce a govemmetiO
based upon the arill of the people
"America her.*e!f is at war. But 1'nela
Sum is wealthy and?patient. He is not
hyiteriea! Ha knovas that he can do rmeh
for a country like Rusaia and ha will keep
his promtae. He will five not only t.-.eraJ,
but also matenal eupport, which meanS
money, Iocomotives, agncultural maehlrtorv,
arma and ammunitlon. Therefore it is eer?
tain that the cable of Preiident Wtlion wtfi
make the proper Impresston on the real laad*
era of the Rusnan republic and give them
an opportunity to cort'.nue their struggU ta
obtain for Russia a. prominentl placa among
the dernocratic countr.es of the world
"Of course, for those who beheved that
Russia immediately a/ter the outbreak ef the
revolution had surpassed the entire world in
liberty and dtmocracy our words ?ffer very
little consotation. But thoae who knosr the
path of human progrress aiso underatand thal
Russia is now going through the spasme ot
liberty birth, and any help that can be gtvart
to her will contribut* to the guarentee o|
ftnal aucceai."
German Agents Are Buay >?
Seducing ImmigTanta i
One of the atanchest aupportera ef fK9
United Statea government among the for*
eign papers Is the "Hrvatska Zartrava,"
a Croatian periodical, apeaking for tha
south SIbvb. Ius editor, Mr. A. N. Weber,
plainly ascribes all agitation in the midsU
cf the foreign population, ta German
agents. He says:
"If there is an anti-Ameriean undercurrenj
noticeable among a certain ignorant ar.dj
baekward P?r* af our imtnigrants, which man*>
Ifeata itself It! oppoiition to every war meaae
ure taken by the American government, thexB
is a reaion for this manifest ineongrulty in
the stand tak-.-n by these memhera of the
oppresjed by the Auitr.an Ju^oslav rac* ln
'a\or of their oppreisors, and that can ba
easily traced to the pernicious influence of %
seditious press and na;!ed as the consequenee
of underground artfatlon in favor of Austria
and against America end the other Alliet'aB
"Our misled and erring countrymen are.gBfl>
less io blame than those who hava been aael
still are seducing them, and it will therefere*
in our opinion, flnaily b?> necessary for the}
government to st*p in energetically and mflJBB
an end to the viclous activities of paid KaleBB*
boosters in this country."
What Would Have Happened to Europe if England Had "Stayed Out'??Lloyd George
aaiaewl I l. i ,?/ George delivered a ',
?Bj mr.Qrta?t epeech at Uuren's Ilall,*
?aaa Tke oa Boion wae the inemgure- '
t*BS]t teriei of meeting* orqanized btj
'?'?f^Kionc' H'ar timt Committee toob
?Hbb laiVd aaaireraaraj of Engtmud'e
'?ditttton of ujar. In r/ii,t tpcech, thr
'*? aai ,.- . !,a\ bni recently!
mmi AmericB, Lloyd George defned
**r**djand with greoi precition Eug*
?n nai ? terintj thr etruggle
*tlb*itinq hrr fitH strmnth behind a '
aaaaaafioa fo fora CeraaaB* fa tsik
'"''n'l'.m. \?d ,i ,.,,.. tdeo ia this fa
**liaeeca that he atoured kie kemrerol
"' ? .| . and Sei
*' (t?i. ?:--, -. ??/? ,? mxttoB," le de
? natB llorl.mrti's
Thal is thr
i\ ken that ceated
? . ki taid, tltrn thr
?..-il 111 chooeing an
I "
*e tpeech it here reprodnced ptac
. only tkose portiom
""no. a mereln tcmporert) intrreet
!| -a'y of the greatt.-a
I hai ever witaaaaaeV
?'? ire . _ 1 Ba- defeat of
' r*? di . rai ? ea er plutted
Jt tka ?rt al aai aaa theera i -
***h, ikllfu ? ..-..lii.ii ily, elatidestinely
J**inev, -. rjetail arith ruthless, cynical
Hear! Hear! Taeaa v.iio
5 ;f?l tha ravalal ea araleb have re
t J *P?f?re.i ,,f that meetinj; Ifl Berlin a
!*Ba before tke vw.r muat have r.-ad
i**wBad..- Baeaaat af the saeatiag
**? Baafoderati ?. they fired the
^-?aa (,? i;r ???., liaiatar epiaaaiea Ib
|*J*j* itaiy of human ktrigaaaaga.
?**4 tkera br ai . Baaa or araasaa in this
,?^ *ko viai.t to knea why vse are at
\^'n ??? put ir, qpastiaa ta Maaaail'i
a^**u'.d ha.e happonod ta Eoreaa, what
aTV"1*''' kappened ta tho world, if ?i
B tt' *'ir'' Ir,? ,nf> *ar-' lol!ow ,u ''**
*x?r'* raara ara a justit'ieation of our
4? ^}f> thig tontea'. See what has be
a. furope, even with the whole of our
aw *firo?n into the conflict all our great ?
~*?4 our greaf*. navy J (Hear! Hearlj
Relgium, Serbia, Rumanie, Montenegro, some
f.f the fairest provinces of Krarn-e and Rus
Bia o\errun, deeaaUted, hunuliated, ard en
slaved, and Bulgaria and Turkey miaerable
4?.-sal states! That is what has happened
B/itb the whole might of the British Kmpire
thrown la.
What Would Have Happened But
For the British Navy> ]
Can you picture what would have hap?
pened if our great navy had not been there
to keep tbe aea. if we had not been there
10 keep thfl ring end see a certain amount
of fair play, if we bad not raised and
equipped huge new armies to eonfront the
Prnssiaa legieasl Pellew it out: Rosaia la
now demoralued and disintegrated, for the
moment for the moment?and that disinte
gration haa rendered her t.rave aunies impo
tent on certain fronts.
lt would have come aooner. France would
i-h\e fought with the traditional valor of
her race rheers)-a valor whes-e record,
whether la the dn-patches of to day or in tbe
aiater) af yesterelay, has ever thrilled the
v.orld with weaeer. But with all succor and
upphes cut orT by sea wid left isolated on
lusj, SVBII h<r gallBBt arniie* must have
1 Icen ovenvhelmed.
What kind of peace would you have had
ifl Kurope ?hen? It would not. bave been
peaee 1 It would have been a conquest: it
ould have been the BBbjUgBtien of Kurope.
Kurope WOBlfll have been placed m servitude,
at the meicv of one greal demuiating power
W-. and at the merey of the worsi elemente
IH that power. i (heers )
Will those who atill bave doubi? as to
?.vhether we ought to bave enlered this war
three yean ago rtflect on the kind of Kurope
there would BBVfl b*en to-day if are had not
gjMfl mto the war? There would have been
i.iany aatlaae; there- would have been one
Kreat power; ti ere woul.l ha\e been one
.rmv; there would bave been two BBViefl
the Genaan and the British for a time, for
a time Think of the terms of p*ace that
n.ight ba\e been imposed. The indeint.ity
might bave taken the form ef a demand foi
the surrender of navies Russia'*. France's.
lerhaps Italy's. Kutope would have been at
the mercy of this rturl power
Germany Would H?ve Laughed
At thr Monror Doctrine
Vou may say that it Ifl a ritghtmar* ll il
rot tt || a description of the ran German
dream l.oud cheer:-,) What VOBld bavfl BBf
pened in America? The Monroe Poctrme
would have betn ticated like any other ecrap ,
of raper 'Hear! Hear! | It waa a doctrine to
vviiich Germany eever tubfcribed not that
the fact that she had not appended her
signature make- any difference .Laughter.)
Bat we know her ambitiena ifl South America.
Not a year after the terrnlnation of ti.is
peato would ha\t ehip.'ed bcfoie -he would
hava .-tarted realizing them, and Amenca
would have been helplesa.
i ne Allied Pewera frem 'he first moment
frlt iBBtinetlvely that a great menace to
human liberty had appeared on the horizon,
ind without delay they all BOeepted the chal
lenge. America fullv realized why WA did
.1, a:.d she is with Bfl t'or that reason. That
I the peril which. for three years, we have
been atrivlBg te aver\ not wtthout success.
(Cheers.) Don't be blinded, don't be discour
?(fd by ut.fortunate ipisodes. into forjri'tting
one cential fact that we have eherked the
embitieaa of Germany. I Rencwed cheers.i
Ihe nations of the world had been climbing
li.iiifully the steps that lead to national m
dependenefl lad Mlf-wapeet France and Brit?
ain had reached that piateau long ago. An.er
ica came later, and Kumania and Greece and
Serbia. lt was toward the end of the nine
ttenth century that Italy achiaved indepen
dent nationality. And now come* a great
riwer with brute force to thruat the natioris
nack, crushed and bleeding, into the old dark
chaam of aervitude. That is what we have
been fighting for three years.
ovv the Kaiser I las
Changed His Tunr
Theie are people who say: "But the peril
noa BjBBl Why. therefore, do you not
inii'*.- peace? The Kaiser talk? a differen*.
lanpuage now. You never hear now- thoce
resanndiag phraaea about world power ef
Garflaani Me thlks modest I v- -' laughter I
aboi't defeadiag German soii." i Kenewed
langhter.l Wheever wanted te invade Ger
ii.an flail ?' I Lead cheers | Pid Britain with
hat eentemptible little army want to invade
Germany" i"No."t l?id Russia. who had
t ot eot a rallWay o\i<lefn adequate to keep an
?.nny lo detend her own front'er," Was she
preparing fer iBvaaleal w*aa Fraaee, who
v n abviOBBl) aaprepared io protect ber own
frenticr, was aha praaariag for lavaaleal <U j
?a> il Belfiam that was go::ig to invade Ger
? ?. '? (Laughter end cheera.) Was the
Berbian snaj c-i ag te march <.n Germany?
H* know-, hc must know, it 11 not true
That ia BBI wbj nc areal te war. That i*
not why ha - Bl war BOW. K\en r.ow, nei
, ? , nr. Cbfneellei ? rither ei" thtm,
.av thej flreuld he aal iBed arith Gefaaaii aell
Laugbter.J They talk pjibly of rcace, boib
of them, but they atammer, they atutter orer
the word restoration. lt has rot yet erossed
their lip* la i?s entiretv. W? have ehal
l.nged them. They can't say it. But before
we enter a peace conference they must learn
to utter tha' word to begin with. I Loud and
? cpented cheers. I
he Peace Alphabet'a Firat
Letter is "Restoration"
Thesa gallant fellovrs of whom T am de
lighted to see specimena here in thia meet- '
Iag?i cheers i are gradually going to cure
tba Kaiser of his stuttenng. I Laughter ar.d j
cheers. i So far hc has not learned the alphn
bet of peace, not the first letter of the alpba
het. Restoration ? that la the first letter.
Then we will talk.
That is not all. War is a ghastly buiineu i
ttut it ifl not as grim as a bad peaee. There
is an end to the most horrible war, but a !
bad peace goes on and on. itagganng from
one war to another What do they mean I
De they mean peace when they talk? The]
trnth Ifl?1 have followed eiosily every lin*.
they have uttered. and I have watched their
papers the Piussian War Lorda have not yrt
I'bandoned their ambitiens. They ara not !
discu = sing that. They ara orly discussing
thfl postponement of the realiratien ef theie
There is a feeling among them. a genuine
feeling. hebeve me. that this time the flfet
has nr.scarncd. (Hear, hear.i They ?re
perfeetly honest about that, and they blama
this poor coui.try, with ita fleet and its f?c
tori??, ar.d they ?ay had tt not baen for
Britain ail would have been well. | Laughter. i
TI.e next time they mean to make iure
There must be no next time. Loud cheera.1
We have it on authority that a man in a very
high and powerful position n Germany aaid:
"There will be peace shortly, but the ?var
will be reiumed ia ten years." That ifl I
their idea; that is the way they talk. ?
They say: "There are many thmgs we
aagbt to ha.e foraaeea. >a? ought to have
had plenty of focd itored ifl Germany. Nex*
tisaa w will iee to that. We ought te ha.e
I ad plen'> of copper, plenty ef cotton. Than J
we made a rristake about aubmanne*. In-i
itead of having two er three hundrad wa
ought ?o BSVfl had a? least two er three |
thousand. Next time!" I
There BBBfJ be ne r.eu time. I.eud and t
eentinaed eheerlBg. Far better, la apue ef j
all eaat, yea, al! the sorrow, or the trag*dy of
i? all. let'a ha\e done with itl Po not let
Sl repeat thia honor. Let u* be tha geneia
t.on th?t. nSBBfat, rourageou', and renolu'e.
altmiaated war from amor.g the tragediea of
human life. i Chaera > Tat us make tho vic?
tory, at any rate, ao complete that national
liberty, whether for great naMons or for
imall nations. can nover be ehallenged That
ia essetitial in law. The stnall man or poor
mar. has the same protretion aa the powerful
man. and the little nation must bo as woll
guarded at.d proteetad as the powerful na- j
tion. (Chaera.) .
Vou will ask how we aie getting on ? Well, i
iika all reeea that have ever been construc'e.l ]
there in ups and down", and no doubt the i
Rui-'ian eollapse ia rather a d?ep glen, and
I'm not sure that we have raaehed ita darkeit :
level. But aeross (ha vailey I can aeo the
lieeat (Leae! cheer:>.i And I will givo you;
my reasons. Rus.-ia keraelf has been taught '
hv thia .-"!!apse a much needed lesson. An I
army without diaeipline is a maro rabble
where the brava are aaeri'iced to proreet j
covvards. Ihe Fre-.ch Revolution quickly,
learned that lesson. othetwiso the Prus.sian j
and the Austrian would have nueneha.l
French liberty tn the blood of Ita aona. Thera
ara people in thia eountiy who would miro
duco those mefhodl- those diainUgrattng |
methods -into tho Btitish army, and set up
committe?a to direct the conduct of the war
, Lau^hter. i
here Can Be \o Workmen's
And Soldiers' Committee
The nation has chosen ita own WorkmerTa
ar.d Jjoldiers' f'ommittee. That is tho Houa*
?f < ommons I I.oud cheera I If at any time
tha' i-ea.t-. to represent tho r.at.on. well.
then, tho nation must ehooa* ano'her. but
do not lat us muddl* thinga by pernntting,
tha setting up of two rival and contanding \
govarnmenta Ifl the state
We cant.ot allow see' ena! organnations to
diract the war, nor to ajietata the paace The
nation, aa a whole. make* the war. and 'he
Baerileea ara ?ratty evenly dis'r.butad
amongat al! c!asse\ and the nation, as ||
whole, w'll make the pear? t heers.' Aa it
ib a rommen saenftce. it muat a'.ao be a
eommon aettlamant That ia tha way to a
aatisfaetoiy paaea, and I am auro that thoio
in Ruaaia who at one time thoujht differant
have eaaaed to ba of that optnton to day
If tho Ruialatia rottrad tl tho 1'ral Moun-'
taina. with tho Garmana purauing tham, would
they bt ntarer p*ace, without annoxationa and ,
c ntnbutiona ? Why, ll would atmply me?n
that tha Germans would have the pick of
the boat landa and impoae an ir.demm'y upen
the narion that would beat pay th?m And
n we were to follow tha' example in ?he
wcit-aoil. wo have not got tven 100 milei
' to run away. We should here bean in the
sea .laughter; and our great army, which
has taken two >ear? te buiM. with ita great
eouipment, which has taken two veara of the
Leat skill and indus'ry of our workmen to
mar.ufacture, would have gone.
What would hava been the me, then, ef
going to the Kaiser and saying: "Great War
i I.ord laughter' vve know tha' all you want
[fl to protect German eoil Wo have done
rur beat to protect it by clearing out. Now
give us psace. We trust you"? | Laughter. i
I think they would find their mistake very
? eon. That is net. the way to Insure peaee
Iot even peace without annexation and con
tributions. That is postponmg peace, and I
am perfeetly certain that even those ia Rus
aia who ara rasponsible for thfl policy are
realizing it as deeply to-day as others who
are looking on and see what ia before them
Any one who promotes natiunal distrust or
duunion in the nation a>. this hour is helping
the enemy and hurtinghts native land I'Hear'
Haar! i And it m.-.kes no difference whethet
he is for or against the war. As a matter of
fact. th* hurt ts deeper if ha ifl for the war,
baeausa the pure peeifiat, whatever he i?yi,
is diieounted. and, ai far ai the war u con
cerned, discredittd.
Let thare be one thought In every head:
!f you sow distrust. discontent. disunion
in a nation. we ahall reap defeat, but if, on
the other hand, we sow the ?eedi of patienee,
eenfidenee, uaity, we thal! garner m rietery
end its fru.'s. The last reachea of a elimh
rre always the most trying to the rervea and
to the haart.
Buythey ara the real teat of grit, endur
ar.cefand courage tha last few hundred or
score of feet in the climb upwerd. The
climber who tjrns back when he is almos*
taerfl aevar haeomes a great mountameer, and
the nation that tumi baea and falters before
lt reaehes ita purpoae never becomes a grea*
Vni have all had expenance in elimbng.
re doubt, in Swttierlar.d. ln Kngland, and
rerhapa in Wales. Any mountameer can start
any sort of mountainearing, can go part of
the way end very often the poorer the
mountameer the greater his ardor when he
dn?i start Patigu* and danger **ar *u? al!
but the itouteit haarts, aod of*en tha moat
? tout haartad lometimes fBil when they eom*
te the lait *'.:pp*r> precipir* But if the\
do turn baek and afterward look up and
? ee how near ?hey got to tha 'op. he* th?y
ci-rse the falntheartadness tha' bade them
gire up when they wera io near the goal'
S'o one ha? anv ld<.a, n Bfitaia, Franc*.
Italy, Ruaaia?no, not in Germanj, nor ia
Auatrla?how near tha top wa may be IaMB\
ering craga may htde it from our view, t$\o\
thei* ara accidents. Russia may hava aBagB
gared, for tne moment, into a cresaaso, hBjl
ahe is still on tha rope; she will be, n dolj
time, up again, cbmbing, atrong of lrBtha
firm of purpoaa, and together wo will roaaaj
tha aummit of our hopes. I l.oud cheare )
The Familv Umbrella
H bebbe dellt namerosa fimiglU :
? Un orabrello in serttc! Vcjlete,
ehe (accla piu eccaiomia di cobt?
iryu ii jjL'^ Fjsrejpjajj

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