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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, October 21, 1917, Image 44

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Southern Commereial Congress
THE mnth annual convention of the
Southern ('ommercial Congress.
licld in New York last week, was
?ddros-e.l by manv preMineed atea upon
topics of k.cn M I .".i:--o.ich-.np import.
lome beinp l>y M means eonfined to South
trn affair:-.
Ior iiistai.ee. Stepl :\nc Lauzanne, editor
vt 1*9 aiatii g at a "pet-f
pether" lui* hl I ? ?" hii honor on
ild:
ffl have
? ragi
more l i**i fvrn '
, i thaa aflfl Gai
i
? y. : ' * rr'-'
w? ha aa head of
? i. not now
T-'ran. ? - ? 1'rencr.
mn raid, bal " ; for vAl tho wd,w |
? - ? j.n."
;v0 . ? r-.v jouriuil
i ndaa
**gt ing between this
of hi<
j
ara in
lapan'a
'
I -
? fer the
i ' ' ? : '
r ?
Con \J hicn
.
Or. :
, . Pompany, ippeeled
? ? bear
np-- - ? tiveiinO ogi-eai
.re taxation
? Theae he held
mpediag the re
,p0: M *n t'ne second Liberty l.oan."
? ::?. buiineM men are'
rr- | full share of the war'
? ? as to whether
l poing to be left;
? earn an income for
Itfl ' ' 'oJ:
'?rty Loar. and eat very surcetB
inanly tr-rlay becarne :
, - | flovfl baaa aaeda
law, * havfl bo .hncke.l those ln this,
conn* ' ?' fliblfl to tflllllflBI rf .<o-',*
t.oldn aad beadhaldfln that they aro at
actuil 'osi to Jxnow how tfl r-roeter] and nre
j osit 'o dfltataalafl what r.tnojint i
,?n bfl l ?d hl Uhartf bonrla and
?va ? anfleieat eiargiii ta par their
pflflVra] taxes wlthaal .n-erborrow
e-r b. toreai lato baakraptey. Beeaaie thair
beertl are ripht thfl arill ll there to 'io their
rart, but fi-eal fceeaflapHahflaaat requlrei la
?plrati ?? "on ,s'
btinp killed.
"We havi a lo-ca'led excess profita tax
that li r.ot a tax on excess prcflt* at all,
iut is merely a farther Lurden on .11 la- '
aeeaea, whflthar thep have leanMii or do
cr-af^d Blr.cn tho v.-nr stnrterl. Then therfl
Ifl an eedtattibatad aatalM tax that menacsa :
tonservatlve rr.janr'.r.j-. and- that will have
?, tendeaep to enrtatl deralepaaeBt ln Um j
faterfl.
?Wfl have . Ux on trades, brjalnni, occu
pntior.i aml snlarics thBt entlrely ipnores |
Senator Duncan U. Fleteher
the value ta ths commonftv rt the lndn*
ao4 that does not properly differea*
?:i dead si I ' sma thsl
. ma frotn aeeai sad incomo
rj'oduced by the h d "M(h labor
o' brain nnd body."
He eeadnded With these words:
"To-Hay our President and hi* tdviserF
nre itrfvhlf to the limit of their ability
? . ur country to take a proper r<*?"t la
... r..v;c.. | :-. hold of a
I whieh, If allowed ts suc
natiena, nnd yet -.mc
I whe snnuld be cour.tcn upor, to help
? re --mm.trin;; sabotace and Jeepaidia*
im; the lueeeaa <' **- *- i!< ,0-dft:'
w th;n th. power of yoa rrcn cf the South,
|| |t bSI never been with ftr.y people before
ry of the world. te brinfc order
? .?-._._> aad praraat suiTor
mill-OBI who haw I been
to ichnl I?>- ,vi" bleady har.d c* war."
The TVrrifir Reverses France
_ Ul Survived
M. Jusserand, ths ire:-' Ar.bassador.
I ef after-the-war con litions, said:
?'An imm.Ti.e rseeastraettOB will be need?
ed br tho.w nation* wbleh h. v. fouuht tha
?aea? aa tiislr own soil. Toa of the South
have aelved year problema witli ? ?aetmry
, t rybedp aekaewledgaa sad adaalrea. We
lhall aahra our.. Wa hnve done lt before.
We have survived the ?issrles, much vor*-.,
of thc (?:???: and rslteioui wan of the mx
century, wl ' that tha aad
. -he morroi*. |
wr. had the splendid Umei nf Ilenrr IV.
Rlchellei and Louis XIV."
Senator Duncan U. Fleteher, of Florida,
presiriimt of the I | . ?varned against
a relaxatlcn of Amertea'l var efforts,
naying:
"There must bo r.o ove rr* onfldence. It
would be nn evidence of weaknesa to stop
no. nnd argue the rr_.o;,< or eaSMS. Wa
_.re sagagad ia I hwi ?r ot
all times. Tho aaa | ' '" *****
it to a laeeaaafal eeaelailea."
In thc same strain, looking forward to
the ble.sing of peace. but. a.serting that
victory must first bo pecurcd. Oscar S.
Straus said:
"When thi* war began the only eountry
: thoreBfhtj rrep?re<* w"? ?"r *nem3'- J
aai hl towoi ln._:njj hereafter. w*
, hnll prepare for tho rcconetruetlon of the
after the war, firat of all, by doin*
thing possible to in*ure rictory."
, Governor Kichard I. Manning, of Routh
an Lfaia, speaking at a later meeting held
| the Citjf Hall, .aid:
"Just n. thi* mnj_r_s* miot.ir... here now
. - from a part ef our common eountry,
? , a_] Ameries li a part sf thi el!i*d m
OBI ln tbr gront world wnr, BO a!l part* of
tha country nre one ln the prOSOOBt-On ot that
Never Is oorblatar. havi tho resources
Bd 'he men of the land h.'.-n *o solldly ba*
, n.l tho Pro.idf.-.t ar.d the government at
. ow. N'otih ar.d South, hand In hand, we will
the flght to victory fei humanity, for
- '.irpe and iBiall BStiOBS, for world
'!t mocrscy."
The Importance of the Southern
Commercial Congress
MThe Brooklyn F.agle." discussing the
eonvention Just ai it va* convening, re-:
marfced:
"One of the r.n^rrt. pf thi war frequontly |
everleeked li the lelidlfyiag of th" besl
eiement* in al! pnrt* of tha v.-orld and the
i,: 'ocrethrr of sect.nn., rintions und
'?nt* in a common purpos*. The jrr?_t
conflict ha* tiuprhr the T-.ruld thnt 1t Ih de
pe::d'-nt upon lolidarity. fnterd. pen.lenee
ir. a'l liiimnn aadeavor hai been rrdoeed
from theory to . nnd ha* brought
aba il ralattenahlpi tiiat will do most to
_i?cor.n* t'ric c!?-tni-t;v .*!<?*.* of the past i
three years.
'in the aolldifyiaf of national intere'ts j
thi* rsaall bai beea most isrhed, and the
ITB Btatei hnve f"lt the call and re-I
?poadad to tha ipirit in ia t_nml*takablo j
manner. Thara arara naap d^cade* after
the Civil Wai befora tho Boatb Iteelf sras
Tho wur of aecos. ion wa* a rally- ,
hit that h.'id the Ceafoderate "Stataa ;
?: ,! of .. ntimcntal borr.l, but BJ the
wnr roceded nnd tho >'ou'h tamod to other i
Intereata even thi* aattp dimlaishod. It. ami
aot ontll i. o(< that thn BaathofB Caawaeretal
('.'licr.-e-*. came into brintr, BBd it v'a* the
ftral organltatlon of tha i-ind ln tha aoetioa.
"New Vi rk eoald hardlp be eT-iectod fully |
te sppreeisto the trai iforai it:on that bas
taken r1'"^0 !n -*? ?ou,h la roeoot jears
Bl s.-me striking proof. That proof Is
?sd ly the congre-* BOW n NSSlea
- | .-> || r ?? leaat that the meetlnff
whieh Will briag here the BlOOt d!etlnj-*_i_h_d
Anerieana aa well "* tho dlplomatle r.pre
our Allies ha* for ita jrenernl
thcrr.e 'Internatieaal Reron'trurtion.' In
- ' ? inatraetton _.ftrr the war la re
: r.uch attention. Here wo have
I it a thouftht It hat remaln.d
? Boatb, whieh Sl all iiectlona know*
? -,* th' preblota of reconstniction after
war mear.*, to fooai latetast ur?'-' ihis paase
war and upon in'own part ln St."
"Back ef lt fthe congre. *"]." declared
"The New York llerahl." ".< tands a record
or] real ae-ompUshment"?to be specific,
"nine yeara of earnest and effective con-!
strucHve effort," as "Th. New York Pur."
put it. j
"The sturdy Amerieanism of our South
ern neighbors has appealed to us," said
"The Pittsburgh Dlspal ih."
A Few of the Latest
Suffrage Pros
(From Th* Wemem Citison)
GOVERNOR ERNEST LIBTER:
"Woman auffrage is a dlatinct aaset
to the State of Waahinrton. Noone,
perhaps, except aome one disgruntled on
?ccount of ita having intarfered with lonn
pet scheme, has ever even ruggeated that
Washinpton was not better for it."
? ? ?
i
Ceorpe E. Morris, Chief Juatice of Su
prcmo Court of Washinpton: "l have no
hesltatlon in aaying that, looked at from
every anple, the result of woman suffrage
has been moat beneficial in the State of
Washinpton."
? ? ?
Fred B. Morrill, a prominent lawyar of
Fpokano, an opponent of suffrage before
the vote was won in his state: "1 think
that women vote as intellipcntly and hon
c tly a** men, and I know that they are
more interested in nn honest and efflcient
povernment."
? ? ?
United States Senator Miles Poindexter:
"The women who have voted are those who j
aro best informed nnd tho most interested
and most concerned about the effect upon
conditions, upon themselves and upon their i
families of the laws which are enaetod in j
r-'sponse to the auffrape of the people at
the polls."
? ? ?
United Statea Senator Wesley L. Jones:
"Never was a class so well fitted by intelll
gence, edueetion, c*.paclty, reflnement, lofty
motive.i. high aspi. ;itlons and native ability
to receive the full pover to discherge the;
dnties of eitizenship in a great nation as
j.re the women of the United States."
? ? ?
Representative J. W. llryan: "Along the i
lines of morality, of intellectuality, afl
phyaical healthy dovelopment. of all thinps j
that po to make a stronp povernment,
woman's influence will help. and, in order
te pet that influence into action, you must (
put that atrength of woman's love and
wonan'l beart into the statute book and |
enaci it into lepislation."
Mr. C. Herbert Moora, prominent buai
BMi man of Spokane: "The pr*anting of j
the right of suffrage to the women makes
? decided improvement in the electorate of
a community."
Mr. Charles Hebberd, a leadinp buslnesa |
mnn of Kastern Waahington: "Wasjilngton
mea believe in woman suffrage. They have
trtl 1 H ar.d found the resuK pood."
i
? ? ?
Suffragists are willlng to rest the case of j
ruffrage on the relative weipht of the teeti
mony adduced. But where they need more |
light is on the question of the anti-uif
fragibts' dear delight in circulatinp the
WOTft that they hear about women.
The League for National Unity
t-rrr^O A lsrge majority of tho people
?? I of this country," dec.larea "The
?*? Oalveston Tribune," "there wil!
rppear to be Httle need for tho organiza
tion of a league the purposo of which wil!
be the unification of American publie. opin?
ion. From all outward manlfcstaMoni
there appears to bo but one direction to the
trond of American sentiment, at least k<>
far aa the war is concerned, nnd that di*
lectlon ia toward tho crushing of a forc
which now threaten* the future of democ?
racy in the world and purposes to make
the nation* of earth either join issues with
and beeone submissive to that force or
maintain porpetual guard in order to pro
rect the remnants of humnnity's rightl
which "may be left in the event that mili?
tarism emerges vietorious fmm the present
confMct."
However, such a league has come into
being, and "none too soon," in tho e-^.ima
tion of "The CheyttUM Btati Leader," j
whieh paper, reading between the lines of
dispatches from Washington announcing
Mr. Wilson's hearty approval, discerttl "a
eertain evidence of relief on the part of
our overburdened Exocutiva, for this new
body can do much to nphold his arm in the
nm. ccution of I itern war against the foes ,
without and within our borden "
Tho league was famally launched in j
Wa. hington on Oetober R. "Welcoming'
the leaders of the movement at the White
Ifou*o in p. hrief speech," ono dispatch
read, "tlie President exprossed the
that American publie opinion, although
understanding tho WBT- caUSSS and prin
ciples, needs guidanco to remember that,
the war should erd only when Gorn.; BJ
beaten and Germaay- into at autocracy
r.nd might ?:ro lUperseded by the IdealS of j
d_n_oeraey.N The Preeident lold a "new'
emphasis upon the importance of team
play," although he felt eertain, ho snli.
that the people of the United Btatei were
"wholeheartedly heh.nd the piueoCUtion of ;
the war to a anccessful coneln. ion."
Creating a Medium for
Patriotic Expression
The object of the new offanisatlon, een
cretely stated, was this:
"To ereate n medium thrSBgb which the
ltyal American* of all clasn **ot:or?, aroedl
an.l par.ie* can irlve BXpiVBSlsa ,r> the fund.-i
mer.tal purpo*o of the United S.__e.* ta i
on to a leecsesfal concluslon thi. new w,.r
for thi Independence of America nnd the
preservatlon of democra.i- laatitBt-OBI ar.d
tho vlndieaMon of the bnsio principlea of
hasBaalty."
And the following declaration of prir.
ciples was adopted:
"In an hour whim our nation ls Bghtlng for
the prlnrlples upon whieh lt WBI foaadod, !n
an hour when fr?. iBBttl itioai nnd the hopoi
of hurrar.lty are at itaho, we bald It tba duty
cf every American to '.ako hii plaee on the .
frln? line of publie ojinlon.
"It is r.ot a time for old prejo-dlc.s or
aoadoBite dleeassleB a* to paat
Tho*. nho are not for America . ro SgaiBIt
America.
"In this erlala the unity of the Amorlean
peorla mu*t not bo ilBBalred by tha ?
of dlcsenFlon or sedition.
"Afltat'on for . prem.tnre 00000 >_000?|
rlous when !t. object !? ** we.Ven MO de'er
mlnatlon of Amoric to aee ^. war throufh
to ? concluilv. vlndlc.Uon of the princ.pl.a ,
for which we h.ve taken up .rms.
Cardlnal Gibhoni acceptcd the honorary ;
phainnanahlp of the Lenpu-i for National j
Unity. Commentinp upon this intereating
fact, and cspe-ially upon the Cardlnal'i
letter of ncceptance to Mr. Wilson?a let?
ter "brenthing patriotic support In every '
:,M" David Lawrence, writing to "The,
s.-w York Ilveninp Post," from Washing?
ton, said: ?
"Eatirel? aalfltakhif tho purpose of the
V. ' eaa'l appeal which was to br.njr about . '
.Oon if prac'.i.i.ble, bet not to use thal
B. ti-o Chanh Ir. ?ny tenso to Influence
-.vernments. thr-ro wrre those who belfavid I
?,'?- il'-rrrij." Cathollfl pnrty was Instrumenta!
mi ...mo pcaec flU-aflaavrM that would dlvida
Amflriean thoaght Thfl apprehenslons ema
:;,'--! tBOfltl} from Furopeans who did not i
i.-'now Americ lt MI luspe-tea" that Ger-,
man nropairandlsts rni*rht use tho Popo'a ftp
n-ni to at r up rellgieea frlction. No aeeh j
. , flrlaea, nnd Cardinal Gibbons's
Ittter nr.rl the Pre-ddent's reply, while not
n for tha purpoiB of .llaylrur any
I or aoprehen-.ions, noverth-rless hive
had tho cfTVot of iT'akinf: clear -o flll Kurop.- ,
il AmeriCfl CathellM end Protestants
tllkfl are loyally sunportinp tho povernment
n ti :s fiirht to mnl'o dernocracy safe in the
vorid. There Ifl, too, expreased on many
?Jdflfl 'ho hopfl that BOt of tho comrado.hip
?- , | army aai a war gupported
?Jlkfl i v all elaaaaa and all creedi may come
that which Prtildent Wilson has frequently
nfcrrcrl fo ia bil ?p,,,ch"-"an erd of th"
Im liblfl iaflaflaeea arhieh aet up a rtvelrp of
rfllig-Ien in tho political conte'ts of nation,
? ?? a-rd munlclnalit.y."
M
r. Wilson Prophesied the
Unity League
The President's inaupural address con
tained a nrophecy which bears dlrectly
the preaeat de*re*epaaenti toward
v.mty. He s;iid:
"It is lmperative that we should at?nd to- i
jj-t'ner. We are bcinj forf-ed ir.to . new unity
?raldst the fires that now blaio throajrhout
ti.o world. In their urdent heat we ihall ln
God'a providence, let us hope, ba purK'd of '
fflfltiaa and divtsien, punfied of thfl orrant '
ri flf party ard of private Interest, and
? hall Itaad forth la tha r'ays to corao arith a '
r.ew d'pr.lty of national pride and spirit."
There his been widespread newspaper
rea.-tion to the formation of this league
the fact thnt it is necessnrily more ab-1
?tract ln iti workirg and essence than
meat of tho organuations actively enpaped
in war work apparently ciuslng no em
iMarraaemeat A thorouphly graspable
propoeittOB, it would seem, "a definite
m rrement for ur.ity of thought on the part
Of the Amorirnn pco-plo," "The Washing
ton Po^t" deflaM lt.
And now "those douUful Americans, who
rnvc been poinp about with an appearance :
of preat MOCitude, laquirlag what Amer-;
iea ll la fhe war for, probably don't want
ea answer," grimly notes "The Kansas!
City Times," which continues:
"rf trrov were forced to aecept their oocu
pntlofl would be trono. But the Leaffue for j
Unity, tanafld in \Vashing*ton and j
. utinsr r\\\ phaeea of Ameriean life,1
huilaese, rellgleoa, Indastrlel aad p-tMeai,
will make it its perbenla. bvilntsi to relt*
erste and emphastze the anawer, oi.ttl tttta
iretendcd setkers after Information ?'". _.??-,
redoubled dlfflculty ln Ignorlng or eradtnglt"
The Unity of the American Peoplo
Muat Be Maintained
Naturally, tho league heartfly concnn
with President Wilson'a war programme;
which fact of undebatable harmcny leada
"Tho Wilmington Morning News" to ok
?erve:
"Tfco unity of fthe Ai_?rt-?r. p?cp'.e rnurt
rot be Imperllied by sltheff Itsaosaiae er
redition. The league h .artrly a;.; revei tf
vhat It believei to bu the wi?e pimoi*. of
the Prealdcnt not to make peace w tn an In
re*ponalhla dynasty. The propaganda of *ha
league will eourteraet thoie influen _i *_.ck
have aooght to hamper tha governrr ent,"
"Tho Topeka Capita!" rejolces ln tha
assuranee that this new leag-:& "repra
sents the whole nation," whi'e "The St
Louis Post-Dispatch" sees vr-ry tai read.*
ing possibilities?pos*ibilities extei ?
far into the future, when the immediatl
cause of its (the lea_-_e'*) egistetU
have been removed. "We may,' cays thii
paper, "achiove a new and Bner
ness of our own natior.e! Mlidarity.N
The Railroads and
the
War
DANIEL WILL ARD was quotM ra
cenMy in "Leslie'* WoeMy" as do
claring that?
"To-day Russia wants 2.500 loeomo t1vt_
,'nst as *oon ea they can be ob'<.:*i-i'.. an.
40,000 cars. Why eho'_|d we be laterooted ln
that? For thli reason, for th * eery, '?trj
good rcasor.. It is WtJmsted *'
mans have aome 2.500,000 ..:
tho Eastern front. Suppo*-e ? ?i'?
should be nnablo to get IBfpliei ?? gtt
food, to f?et ammnnltion, to get gBl I ani
al! the other thlr.gs necessary for her army!
She mljjht have to quit whether iha ? uA
to or not If Russia should ma': . n ?"*>!?
rate peace wlth Germany thoae 2i MN
German* that are now fsclnf th. R ?? an
army woald be released ard aOSId _M
to the Western front, fsdi 1? Praaee Bl _
land. That ?,6?0,000 is th- exaet r.urrVr, I
?ippose, of addit'.onal mri. wbteb we woald
have to aend over to onpose them. In c^er
words, 1*. may n.ean l,000,(K 1 mere of oar
y^ing men to France lf Russia ia ur..' M
me<-t bet tran*portation problem M
torily.
'?The railroad* will not be ebl" to corrr
all the freight thnt will be throwa
them during the war. ard thr* 1* vhy: Tbef
were measurably well Mjaippi '? Xa \
the service of 'he eoBBtry befere tba -at
bo<ran. A* a matter of fact, for a period of
some ??ren. or eight yeara there .?'_s
alwayi a surplus of anywhere from
to n.V'.OOO freight cars. It cai.
tbat the railroads were aet falrlj aq
to do the work required of them whon the
irar began.
"Siaee then the trnfflc tys grown enor
maualy, and it will continue to grow, bot
tho rai'.roada have ro*. bro. tn do'Tr.; never
before in the'r history have the railroad
carried as much buair.ess M to-.lay, bat
must eany those thinjj_ f.rst thc* ar<> <??
sent.al to th? winning of tne war."
Leading Articles in the
Current
agazines
"Frairce, Battleground of
(wivilization"
"World's Work"
SI BJECTS deeliag arith Prence looai
the periodieal Hterature of
I ? ? . and month. 1'robably at
t>M- thaee Itaaail the October IflOUl
of "World'i W? ik." erhieh Is larpely de
?,-otfi tO "An Appreciation of l'vance."
\ Btereetiag case for France as tha
-round of civiliration is made out in
thi-*. nuMber. The followlnp extrar-t nlone
Fh"!''.'. rom-ve the itudy of Lntir. from
? ? f nnpleasant dutie*- thrust upon
the ur.vdlllnp schoolboy:
Tct. of ('rrasy's epochal batLlea hava bflflfl
fought .'.nre thi
.-ra. Pa r of thnn Ifl
were - .ii on Pn tha Bi
Caah \ ? Battia oi
732; J '..n ef Al *?. l-a-ti
and tha
. t l'-( r.ch 4 :
-..il- ?.,. Battlfl flf Hafltlagfl in 1006. T-Tfl
other- bfl Battlfl flf 1 Mi ?"<?
tha Pa'"> flf Water:.. > Ifl 1811 were pre-.t
'-*?<?. I*. appenn, therefore, that
of tl | .iecltive battles feagBt la the
Cflrii . etarifli
her na
'.>? R-.ch i aa this.
Thii dleatfll the part which
Fran.e na. plapad la odvaafltaf ehril
So f?r a- EuroptJ is conrerrred tho grratert
evtrr- i Ifl nv i rn I story have taken place
on French soll At this ttme, when the
deraorr-i'le r.a'ioni h.rs Joine.l handi to dc
liyflr Fruiic. from ?ho cowai.Cy r.J tac'k which
Oenii:.r.y haa mada upon hflf, lt '?? ?
keep tl ' fflCt ir I
"Y> ' tl 1 territory flrhlfll ?*?? comprises
Franc. h.i ? mlllt.ry history which ar.te.
d.tfl. thfl Chrifltiea aia. And thia hlitory.
lika a'.-ost avarpthlag ??? afTac*:*!*" that
land. tereet fai u*
(,i*ei. flt eriala.
"T*-*r. ii probably flfl production of thn
h-ciint word that has iuch ap emphatic
modtr-i rlnp as Oiar'fl descriptlon of his
Oallic wars. Mo*". of us renemb.-r
(,>i.r a* . faatleaaaa who spent the larper
p.rt cf hll eaiflteeej coinpos:n? Latin his
i,.rita that hare unce vexed the !
millions of nrhoolboys. Yet no work de
Berves mora careful reading at this present
hour. The vOTJ aaTOt gagl ef tho 'Gallic
Wara' mir*ht almost have bOM writ'en by a
corrflipondent ln the preient war. Tha flrst
people (a-sar montiona are thfl Iielplam; flf
al! the Gallic races, l,e Mra, 'the BfllffUaa
ara th. r-r.Yrst,' and he attributes the?e qoal
jtna la;::ely to th. fact that they *hva next
ia the Oeraaaaa with arhea. thej are con
st.ntlj aftag arer.' The very Maaei aeat*
tered a r < jvs.r's first | ring ap a
thoo?an.i meMOliM Of thfl prflflMt war. His
? iri .?? ? e? refori to the 'MatraBa
?.rn. of thl
1'h.n ? ''? arhieh la, of
eourse, tha 7,-lrie, th. Mos., which it tho
aietue, thl Axona, or the Aliafl, thfl S.bli,
or tl. Sambre, while the L.tiu flam.a of th.
T
Gallle trlbes are praetleally all preservi
the names of rno.u-.n I
Thaa the P
the BaaaaloBea, 81
?
Louvain and Edith Cavell
Two article.1-, a!ao in "World's
Work," by Hugh Gibson, first
secretary of the American Lega
tion in Brussels at the time of
the German invasion.
HR fir_. paragraph of Mr. (libson's
picture of "Throagh the Loovaia In
fnmo" is typiral:
"Frassels, Augnst 27, 1914. Th?re ls bad
from LoaralB. Tho r.r.n rts we hnve
? WBS BOS
? ths ??'? ? I ??? the
. ago Bi ?
. ro nlr. ". The G. rn i
tho son of tha bargow ? ' dowa some
. who weia tai
(hi?k befora U a lr?*fl de ? ? sbIji
: rgonaeter
- aai ? - ? ? '
of Oenaaai wha wa i a et la
: the daakj tha! one body n -'? ?b Ihe oth'r
rellable
?
... ..... he> Ger*
? - ?. i bleed. How. ver tbst m
iffalr eadsd I ? n being i
? ? _hot doa - tha
as they tried t i g to tha
Gamaaaa thetaaohrea tl I - wiped
? ?-,-. 11 ? l kthadral, the I
the UniYOTBity, ar.d al
h_\e either Leen deetroyed or hava bi
>. Prop'.f
and thaia aol kiiied ara belag driven
the town. J h-y are eafll BR to HruM.l* ly
anda nnd tl.e aad la i Thli
aveBiag 'i ? '
Arti eame ln wX ?? ' " oawt that her mother,
'a woman ai a |ht> four. bsd beefl driven
fraai her home St thr pelat af tha bayonet
and forced to walk with k atr ata oi ral
all the way to T.rvucrcn, B
twelve wllaa, before she < : on h
' tram to her daoghter'a bSBSa. I?? ild pr.es:*
hava s'asi" ' ** *m Lagatlos raore
dead tl " after ba~.Bg been eompelled
to walk ' pl ^or miles
aa a sort of prOteelIag Oai of them
i ls Hl and lt ii iaid that bl BMy ?ti_ na a
result of what he Im* gone through."
ln his story of "Tho Last HottTI of
Edith Cavell." Mr. Gibeon coatinnM his
in.iicttnent of (ierman BtStbods. With tho
article i* reprodnood ? faesimUe history
of the <'"?'? case i'i Iflisd rnveii's own
Ihandwrlting, Inelading even Ihe last tragie
entry, "l>ied at 7 h. m., on Oetober l-'th,
' Ihdieating the hour i ?. ? M
; expected to be shot. Bat Miss
Cavell WM aurreptitiously execjtod dur
iing the early houn of the morning.
I Mr. U-baon'i itory of her end bean out
all previoua a.eounts of her unshaken
spirit. A friend, Mr. Olliaa
? i pi.*s BBd 'ai ndmltted to see Ml*i
??avr-U ihorl *? 'nk'n oat end
_hot_ Ho said *_.<? was rnlm and prepared
and _..e.-l tho r.rlesl srithout a tremor
ua* a tlny tbiflg that I ?" 1 '"??* thOBgh ahe
could be h'own r
Vad a great spirit. '.She told Mr. Gftharf I
: '" te
I to ths fi ' ' r sg thi
aba she lat
: | ? i said she rn.d nothing
i c.impla'.r.t to make, ar.d thnt if
all to do over -.Rain she would
change nothing. . . ?
, waa dealod thi F_pport of '.ef own
? BBd, bat a Orrman ? l\ ?
tin stayed wlth bll ar.d gave her b-iria!
Ba did
... .a!d: '.?r.e
was cour..jroous tn the end. Fhe pral
\n /.Mth ar.d said that she was
.- ad te Jio for ber eeaatry. "'bn died lii-e a
Thc New Spirit of France
"The Nation"
rpHI
1 ln
new spirit of France as refleeted
ln her literature since tho war is the
te\t of arevtew by Ernest B. Hates in the
ir 11 issue of "The Nation." Thrco
particnlar insiances. of Fi.^neh writcrs
who lmvo ".need the war without arriore
pens.es" aie eited in the per.ons of
Ch.-.rlfts Le Gofflc, author of "Les Marai.
de .Saint Gond" and "Dixmude"; Mme.
Tinayro's "I.a Veillee des Armes"; and
Henri Harbusse's "\* Feu."
Of Le Gofflc's "Les Marais de Saint
Gond" and "Dixmude," tho roviewer says
that at first slpht these two book* . ecm
to !'e "m?r. frapni^ntary bit?? of h.istorieal
r.arraMve, but in reality they are much
more than that. Fach pair,. arti.tr?
?From Collicr'B Weekly
from doaling with a ainple decisive mo?
ment of ihe? war, and the spirit behind
each is far from that of simple hifl
"The former treatl of the KOCt cri Ical
phaso in tho battle of tke Marne. . , ,
While reading the account oaa feell al?
most as if one had beep preoent nf tha
ebb nnd flow of the preat battle, with Its
lowildering movement of battalioni and
division?*, cne sees the
courape of the poorly ei
ar.d learni from the trrat
ef their oppononts that erea tha ?Ierman
war machine was not per'
Dixmude Le (Joflk calll "tlie Fpi<* of the
afarine Kusilcers . . . " nu
reeruiti who after only two raohtl ??' train
Inp were h.urled forwr.rd to tae
trained troops in EurapO. . . . The
Marine Fusi!eer- wi re t BU ... ta d '?? hold
Scanning the Wit of the Day
THE Sunday eehool teacher was ex
plaiaiag to the children how .Sun
i.a\ came to be institute.i. "Thc
Lord worl ' . foi :-. . dayi." ihe said, "and
rested on tha MVenth day. Therefore the
Lord Uessed the seventh day ni.d hallowed
it. N'ew, I as any ehild any <.u.stion to
ask?" Wi'.iie wtshei ta ar-k a qoe
"What -is it, Wii'.i. ?" -Why did tli' Lord
I u'k such a daad day as Snnday for a holi?
day?" aai '''i Wiflie. The teaeheg eouldnl
e\ plain.? Lincoln Stnte Journr.l.
? ? ?
Tho acuni.-n of Julk.s Rosenwaid, who
aubscnhfd J-'OO.OOO to the Liberty Loan,
led a Chicagoao to sayi
"Ir wns impossible to overrench Rosen
wp'.d. even when he was a boy.
"fine summer day, when a boy, he de
livered some epps to a drupgLt for epp
phosphates and auch like drinks. The drup
pist counted the epps, and there waa one
i-fre over. Julius (kmanded it back, but the
druppist aaid:
"'No; I'll keep it, and you can have a
drink ftt the fountain.'
"'Al! ripht.'aiaid the boy.
"'Now, then,' said the druggilt, 'what '11
you have?'
"'Epg phosphate,' aaid Julius."?De?
troit Free Press. I
"Your husband reems to have n gronch
on all the time. Dooon't be ever try to il i
anything to let a ray of lUnshine into this
home'.'" "I "hould say not; all he ever ietl
in is a fly when he holds tho Kfeea door
open."?Florida Times-L'nion.
? * *
Mrs. Newlyw.d?And. dear, drop in at
Daey's and see if yr.u can match thii
If it's so common I don't want any more of
it.?Boston Globe.
aea
She?You don't even .ire"- ne Oeeently.
I'm going home to papa. He?All right.
You might say to him also that I need a
oew suit myaelf.?Boston Trajnacript.
Dixmodi at al! oattf for four daya; they
held it agaiaii i\ tlDMI theif number for
areeklI Lo G Bc'l book la the atory
of that itruggle, day by day.''
His aeeounl i . the lail hour of confllct
in the itreel tnude, as eitcd by Mr.
15jit --* *, i.i worth quoting:
" 'Oermani and Frer.ch now formed r.oth
???? bot B ir.fiss of flhoatlag men. They *hot
tael rther at close quartirs; they fon^ht
wlth thail bayoneta, their knlv?i, their
c'.ubbed rifles, nnd, when these were broken,
with thfllr 9*9*, wlth their feet, .v.n wlth
their tccth. . . . The German columni
wara itill poartag into Diaaiadfl through th.
braaehfll in the defence. They pushed us
back to the bnd<res. . . . One mor. .t
tj.ck was orf*ani<.".! to b.-!nf 01T the Manroi
compa.-iy, which was rettrlnf under a ternble
fire. Tha remains of several aectloni MN
brought together, and, led br their ofScers,
they "harjrod into the m1!e,e ln the stree'.s.
One p'lrp'.e-faced, sweatinf? marine, who had
? een his bruther fall, swore h. would have
thfl bload of twenty Boche.. He went for
? , ? ? "Or.e, two.
III hfl bed reached twer.ty-two.'
's like 'Tho Three Mu'keteers* come to
-In. But tha Bnal arorda mnrk the dif
??? betwflflfl Actioa and truth: 'Aftei
that he rcturr.ed to his company, a madman
for life.'"
Mme. TinayTft's "La Veillca des
Armes," teeOfding tO Mr. Bates, expre<?*ses
conventionnl attitude than thnt of
I ttc:
"It is a :'.irr.p!o rOBMUMfl flf Parislan lif. on
the eve of war. (Jalikfl most French norels,
nnd IBllkfl the e.rlier ones of Mme. Trnayr.
i*i pflrticnlar, it |i ? ? ntffl I upon a romance of
! IflVfl, The hero j. an army engineer;
iroiafl is bli ???' "*, thfl story, if thero
I ftx'.il to be a story, trsces their emo
? froa, the <lny when war flrst seems
fortj llfht hours later,
hfl aa for tl a ft IBt, About them
mova - ir ? tana ln . *.e s?? thaaaTeet
? ' thl i obiUlfltion DpOB 'he, soldiers, thfl
I vorkmen, and, above all, upon thi
vomcri.''
Te Bai leVl "Le Feu," however, Mr.
. acconis the hipjieit rank of theae
works, characterizinp it as perhapfl
tho iti.* i"! grintnieet book yet writ
*en alout Uie war. He writci:
"It is the journal of a squad, Baken up
alreedp heen f:ft.>en months
frant Wfl BM thooj P.rst in a seeond
..?nry, their nervei unstrung
:'rom iho inctssant warfare, their mouths
! bitter, their hearts calloused. Slowly we pet
t', krow thom, one by one, farmers, laoorrrs,
lhapkflflpara, . Blngle Ap.che, .11 torn from
their uinial pursui'a to a lif. which on. and
a'.! detett.
''Durlnp; the flrat part of the book, when
they ar i..-' ? - ln the fro'.t line of trenehes,
? Ip ?s some gigantie, heTer
ind, ? il ai the in hviduals ar.
tutilo form of labor.
nre qnarrelsome nnd h.tefu! toward
| rne another; bitter toward th. civllians .1
j the rear, whom they concelv* of ai eow.rdly
?hlrk.\ hura.a bilngs ndaeid to thfl low.it
?enrs. where their tbo-jffhte are on'.y of tb?
'. next m-rti and the possiblllty ef lloep. Ha
j who ree.lvo* 'una ble.sure heurei. ?*' whieh
M iblee hi_l to go to the hospit. 1 il ur.t
rersslly in
?'War neither ennoble* nor br tslttal ?
tire* nim out; su.-h s*-'Mri? to bn tl BBOaiagS
Only when we have become seqsaiated with
tbe normal life of var aro w. j. naltted w
view t1.. BBBaaalaspaete. whieh a
ln their dua proportion. The ta sd Naa
back to thi P.rst-llne trenchea, lad h-.rruri
begin to accumulate. There Is tbe ldj'.l af
love, begun in the reat-camp, - .'
discorery of the girl'a HB<
there are deseript'.ons of h ruli ". rWltte
so changed that ono of the aoldlon bon
there do?s not reeognize it; i petat *t
eitpeei lylna la every aort cf groteaea*
attitude; of the Aeetruetlon af '
pltal crowded with the ilek and wonndei
gi-Bdo?lly, one by one, half of tiie squad ??
'Kiiied, ?nd each death earrlsa Ita partlcular
pang, ao wall has tho reader .01. a to know
these men, commonplace, aaberek
icif death without flinehir.g.
"The book ends when ? 1
followed by a h.avv rain gWee an
respite from battle, Jurir.i* Wbi I the groi
of aurvivors, huddled tegetbir
?.k themselves the purpoae of the .-ar
eeaelasiea is that to defeat Oei
enouf.!.; or.'.y the end of war Eef lll ?!??
Will J.istify thi mlsery which they fcsfl
i;nder,jone."
A New Cipher
Nothing Needed in Working It Out
but Pencil and Paper
WHAT ita originat' - I I me H ?e
athoroughly worka!lll
decipherable efpt-Sr, arhl '? maf ha
'of aubstantial value either to M I artafat
to the navy, has baaa aai ied ??? "?
l-'pringer, of New York I ' '?'?? &?"
low a sample passage in th*; new *
!?:? pertl who read these lines nre Ut
' ty Mr. Springer to try their ! bl di af ih*
< ciphering it. It Is perrnissible to ta* that
the pa.sago is in English:
1-2-3-1-1-1?bshqhvkgunpw arv'ixldpJ?V
givjdr xq ejjjj aq ong th.. j us ? a
hui urcjxi lairgry sks vo rfg :/ge yx ot
t,jr qdgmqdm mukwag j-wbw i; awb azl*
hjn
rxftmg wdvalnh ew zya bwkeru ran'.x'iOXa
mln xyrjbhn r.qui
\ fmwaux fa cjxynet to pny pip-uckt mw
jykk
rt vikr sn agx sterehlkp uiueiindiyl dqv
egx
, > ebtibq jegemcbi ww yij ltogrg au ahdU
necwjycyji
iSupisz skw bo mxvdi lagg zntrj mh rg.'B
ixvjeybkm
, eqx trvjrr.i bng qxftrlhs ahtvnji ***
?Jejwai uxgnjw
I wspnal gh ligwp lg iqdxxvgonj- mi ??*?
?Armv and _Vo*f Jautypth

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