Newspaper Page Text
America Waits for Her
Food Dictator to Dictate ?-*a 7HILK Mr. Hoover labors over the W' rriphty procrammo of food con ? * MlvetJoa wh:ch. he Mye, will MeHy -viT' >hp u:ir> th<* eoaatry re, lergely I'l e mere fad . food dictatorahip, it now -.pc.r-. aai elnaeal eaaaal rietved ta eon jJJ OM ot operation. ??The Outlook" enuaciatM some of the lich the paeplo are askinp nnd ? U> ask: ldf? hy what appears In the f(%j, . eaa have very flllghl .. brcn undertaken for e homes of the people the " Hoover. the he.d * on. realir'c prrfectly tfl b? flaeaeatared i r ean poaplo, at a t, tfl the pract'ee of any Ing. Whv iheald we save ^#_,v ? Ifl M Bia cf H flll nround? fbf aboald we lava It If we sec food ??? ,. al the tormlnals, in the freight ; ." Those are thfl | to ask Bl .. -, going | must bi and ? i going I ' ? doobly ? to show them bow tfl save \VJr Are Not Askrd to Suffrr? W Only to Subetitute ? 4_merieenN points out that ? ?? though we were esked to dfl ?sflflBtial fflatarfl of our di?t \l't an DOtJ we are merely asked to ? . eera, oata, rye ar bnr'.ey ii ,; whlflt 17m ur all stale bread in 0 ? lf r sea food in place of beef, ar.d pork. Use soups and bflBBl more >rg4 :ace meats. . bm less pure creai.; use BbflUtatfl otler fats for hut : z Daahlfl the use of Vflffltablflfl, cf ? ? 4.e have a <=u; e*-ahundance. Put ? r?n your iwee* tooth. ? flaaajr of us tl raa, or evrn ' x'rerre OBflfl, t:- ed by mar ndltioi ? M?bv mon of us a* ? ? I of wheat. tfll 1.' : lioa of tl that t';; ? nr-ked fldflfl may We nre Bskcd onlv tr? rfHuce our con ? , nnle.i dflgiwa hava a living ? "lAec.ni ' * irtail .BeaBBri of per e to flv?rp one of us. As dawn : . m in . nr, we er, of the ' If we ha-. I . ? novr, ?nba.it to such trivial nvolved .-.isures out bned above. we v?err hetter out of tba wnr. nnd in ^roeeea ef abaorption lato thal greater Germany ?'' wbieb the Prsseian still dreama. "Thr pro.lucr baa d.>:i_ hl* part; he i* throagh natil next jrear. Hia labera than abtleaa d< | gelj apor th.- thaa inj: of tha ?"?"iag wiater. lt li now the ean Bt-Bier'i torn to make hi* eontrlbatlon, to atrate te thc predaeer that ln* i-forti of itll hava r.-niiy baaa for the gaed af tha eaaae. WIU He d.> thia, or aill br tnaka il plam thnt the motive bchn.d the campaiR-n for inercii*e.l produrPon araa merely an un holy f.ar lo. t he bc fotCOd t? nioilrfy ln sotno ('otaii what is eartalali the bigheel ataadard ..' living i'vit eajoyed by a geaeral pnblie? Have our farmers becl WOffciag thii BB-Bfl-tr ? , 44 -i tbe arar, er have thov been chicancd ii,to aerving our collective stnmuch ?" Laal week H was annoaneed that eandy wns unaJi".' iharp rorveillance, and that, nadoobtedly, Sir. Hoover would see lit, ere long. to put that irresistibla Americ-an humry on rntion. "The N'ew Vork Hrrald" oh. erve*: "Probably sethiag better could happrn to thi large eity populationa of thi* eoaatry than tha ral Ing of sujrar which tha Po I Adminiatration declared yeaterday arill have to be put intO effect unles* therr || h voiuir ti.ry radaetioa in tha aaioant of iwaeti eaten in this country. American BBgar consump? tion hr?s in recent yeara growh to be sivc out of all r.-n.-on. Laat year neurly a ii- h day wai eon iun)ed erage by every rnaa, woman .? eoaatry. Thia an'l not " rl0("' habit. Phyaiciaaa have beaia warning in r.-c-cnt years that our excessivi- suirar consumptron ?akir.g down our -Ufc'ur metabolism aad ? tion within the body. with the result bes:ty and diabetOI are constant'.y or. tnd .ir. occurrinp m BTOI younger individual*. "Caadf consumption has grown enormously in recent years, but aweets of all krr.ds ai. eaten ever so much more than they arere Conservation ' ' -&;?'?? %^*im'/'... .. 1-rom The Intlinvcipolu* Ntnet oven a peneration sj*o We all can remem bfll whflfl there w.-n- but few rundy stores. New th*) ii"' flaarywhera, nnd some <>f tha ? i rieed reatal lacatioea ia eitiM nre devoted axelaflivfllp t.> the sale ?f eonfee ili-n- is :i rifinin BaeMflitated b) Wflr caaditioai that r:in do no harm .nd i romiflfli gi aflt bflBfll I As Indicated in the press, some impii tience hai been shown over the fnct that prices, so far as they affect the ultimate i oiisumer, have not been lowered. but, MI the eontreey, appear to be eeaetaatly mounting. An evidence <>f this is seen in the openinp of an editorial in "The N'ew Ynrk Sun." which il m>t unfriendly to Hoover: "Tbfl Americfln tenil.-nry to complain, cfluplcd wlth the heagry flaziety over food prieflfl, hflfl^hrad i-onio millions of sneer f..r Mr Hoover, and his latent device for con IflfVltlC thfl BBtlaa'l t'ood does not immediat. ly fldd to hii t'Opulnrlty." . \-- :i whole, the paper-* are inclined to be tolerant, arul mnke every allowance for the herculean taeh seen to bo involved in mak? ing .1 draitic reform. As an evidence of ihe diflicultics of price fixinp and the MOM* ing incomutency of pricei, the stafT cor lespondent of The Tribune at Washinpton aaya thal n porti of bread prices have been n.'iiie tO the Admini.tnition which show lhal bread variM in difTerenl parti of the rouutry all the way from 8 cents to '_'0 ients for ii sixtcen-ounee loaf. The Possibility of a .Standard Loaf of Bread On top of this comes an announcement, welcomed in many <|iiarters, to the effect that Mr. Hoover will very soon place a ?jindjiniizcd loaf of bread on the market, nnd that. followinp the formula. the admin istrator will flx either the price or the weipht of the loaf. From the news dis patches comes the further statement that the experts favor fixinp price rather than 1 weipht. These maintain that If bread is -tandardi/eii throuphout the country pub? lic sentiment will take care of the price. Faillng a reasonablc price, it is said that Mr. Hoover will recommend the establish ment of eivir bread depot* throuphout the country. pivinp all an opportunity (o buy nt a minimum price. Somewh.it skeptical is "The Philadelphia Inoulrer," which, referrinp te the- formula as a "new recipe for makinp bread out of thl HUne mntcrials with much more satis factory results," observes: "How a pivon quantity of materials will I r< iuce muc-h more bread under one plan thnn ano'her is a little difficult for the lay man tc ui.k-rftand. What we do know is that vheht ,s trf.se.| on a price of $'.'.20 a bu?hel at ChicaKO, which makes a cheap loaf seem rmpoiiFible." Hut the .ame journal lends Mr Hoover nn aUbi ami frankly admits the difficulties in these words: "Mr. Hoover is findinjj himself confronted hy many difflcultles. He cnnnot handle whert until lt gets into tbe market, and iil thouch he threaten? to commandeer all sur? plus supplles nf the farmer, that is eertain to bo an ISyeBslva operation. Just now be is Bf-er the mliler. , a few of whom have come under his ban as a warnir.tf to others. It has lonp been the eontention of tho wbaat grewlBg farmer* that tbtld la I millinfc trust which bas kept down the priee of wheat and nadaly Increascd that of flour. The farmer.. are r.ow protectAd, and it is up to Mr. Hoover to make ?he nilllers come to terms. After a nanegyric on Mr. Hnover's work i in Belgium and the statement that, next to the President. Mr. Hoover is the most important man in the count ry, "Thc liocky , Mountain News," of Hei.ver, remark. : "This Telgrian mlrac'e made possible the SSSSSgO in Coagresi of the estrtmllt food control law. W.tBout the p.r aoaallty of H-4o\er bebir.d that BN Bl ' trtu a qul e*cent CeBglBM woald hava balhed. The es j seneo of the Hoover icco:np!i?rhmcnt in this j country for the Allied nations. Indadiag our -From 77i? Tacuina I'ntly Ledger own, will be found in the work of the indi vidual states and cities and communitles." "The "Wilkes-Barre Herald" thinks thnt the mixing of wheat with other ingndients i_ the only way to stop wa=t<\ for if the priee is reduced people will only eonsume more bread. Touehing on the difficulties of affeeting the retail priee, "The Brooklyn Kagle" comes out for Mr. Hoover: "Impatlenee with the Hoover reluetance to .ojch the rctaller direetly is natural enough. But a reoraranization of the basic pr:ncip!es of commeree in a rait nation may well be approaehed in tho spirit of experimi ntation; r.vl deliberatlOB rather than weaknes* 1* to be predicated from what has been done, ai well as from what has been left undone, up te date." This paper also thinks that tho priee of a sixteen-ounce loaf should be 10 cents every* where in thc eountry. Keferring to the President'.. proclama? tion of license control, "The New York World" is of the opinion that "with the measuree already taken by the food admin istration at the great ? ource. of luppty, the regulation now contemplated .hould very 4,>?n bring the qoe tion of fead extortion iquarely np to the retailer. ??T|,,. N'.-.v Vork lavcntaf Telopram" thiaki the Irouble ia arith the food eoatrol law Itaelf, ead thal Mr. Hoover is nei te i,.,,,.,. .,? tl ?? litaatien, d?tariag lhal "un l.'.j the food control law ean he ????:?? ? i ed M to pive the. puWie some protectn-n Mr. II ...vcr's oeeupetion'a pone nnd there is no bm amettag !"<< ****** end ihe foaple'i i lr.rey." AChangc in Monetary Standard* After the War "The Dallas NeWt" queMO IWeieor irvinp I'isher, food expert. as ierl.irinp hii "belief that price fixinp. whfch ll to some extent contc mplated by the li'onsinp plan, will not re.luce prices mit?ri;t:iv. He fur? ther expresscs the belief thal price move meati will not he radlcaUp changed oxeepl I,-,? ? change ln monetary .Uad?>Ha, and ii- lUggMtl that such a changO is 101*1 to .orne to the front after th.- war. Bttt I'ro fessor Fiaher dOM not decry the food con? trol work which our government hai OB dertahen. He thiahi thal phyiieal pr due tiog, conaumption end <ii-triimtion n alTected fevorably, even though pricM should not be redn ed." The matter of prk i iplei, *o tu bi propoaed regulation affecta New York, waa tonched upon Thnredey by "The N'ew Vork W'url.i" in the fOaloering manner: ?Throuxh dliaet dflfljlnji batwflaO eea iam?ra aad the city, Commjaaioner of Mar* krts Ifoahowita no doabl will be able to sel. food and fuel at reasonab'.e price... A be Why Wear Away Your Life in Pleading? M ?.. * ,i1- - 4li2l^Q jM. <tfl *~^TI\ WLdm**Zm\A fi ??'?&/ \ yrr*.'* w&\m?. . ? t <4 i^e ?_ F fr&- .'? - i "-^ ? ; t\_**& --From The Sew York Tribune ginnirg will probably be made * fh a lergO toch af potatoea, Bai I ?'*" .0 i.e derlvad from thii pew tyitew of aaaa ibeald b? fn than eaaae ,? i hy the eaaeeat ot setaal taaajam \ .,| ,-y has been crea'el tl ll shoald . as n ean sa i ?? *-' *ob* .I saeerapaleai retailers Tn nny elr* eaaaet saderteke to ? ire ? ??? s relal rely *marl part or panaaalty at a moderate mar*la Ol anttrpt aa ia bo run at a loss. Bat m addl tles to BolHag hmited qaaatitiee of ? few iriea sl fall ot taa, It arill ba-/e tne pewei tbreafb awMet assspetltlea te ? a? IBCI rnnrK I l "S. "The city w:!l have tha advantage ef mak? ing contrarts w:th the prodacen and . ? taaera, r.r.d wl -le ita opcratioBA v ill ie reatrteted, Iti opj.ortun. , -Jteeiee ? cor.' m ?aenv taining fair pr." i iboald be almost _..lim ited. The a?parl?o_-t ls eert worth makiag in rlew of recent expmences with tl1P fi ?< and proflteeriBg tradee men." Or.e writer, Alfrtd W. MeCann, voiees in "The Form." bii W latBI 0* Mr* Hoover aa 1 hii aceoi menta. He takes the gn that ao far ai I ? cot** ? man *e would have dOfl ' ' <'r" r and I tha( "thai it rusultof Roi i ' ***** lamationi expresied itself ii tepaa* .- advance ir. pr I .'intry i.n.i witneeeed lince the Civil fVar." This writer also malataini *'? al "Ho *r***i failurc to readjost Aaserica ? I thtma* tion to the r.ee ls of th- world il _ reetly re ible for the diminishing of the trhaak) 'supply 'or human C l tion I * r.early :;- per ??:.' bfl '. tM I ' in ;t? -. per cent, ? Bf *he fact that such ? reidja tment would taa* measurably Increase the food ral M ai the Iwhole, converttof an inadaajDate foad into laining product, rorx laining every eiement necessary to human outritioi A labor view of the cit'_n*:or. :'* i ?''-ed by "The Brotherhi 1 af Loeo-notive Fire tmen'i tfagaatoa," which, after reeitlng rr ' "" increase m the co_t of living, eendod i ?V. -ii the mr.ehir.ery a*. . a vaa. r.?ol-jte f be ta tha i - ? . !? oo^ alta. [f ba does not sad cai ? However, for the moat enor mous Kope take tim. _ lovar the ? ing doubt. Northcliffe in Whose Presence. Says One Writer, Men Appear Onc-Cylindered t* RIC PISHEB WOOD observee, in ??'I-.. ?:": Kertheliffa atood by the bre] ? Bt nny mu bat he B hon. for roar he never . . hia coio. .al ? him and ? tada of par ? "He walked back and forth arithia tl.e re . r lenly frorr. peab aharply ar.d briefly. Thus three or four vital matters every . _> : ??i phaea. ? rrtion of e< the im* tt Lord Northcliffe is ever flus ".' He ia alwaya well with a d. he i dynamo ????"?'?? "K nga may fly ,'. . ? ? - dynamo it oolly, -moothly $:.d ea "He invariably gives one the .mpre.sion of rec 1 baea no atmoephero of flurry ? ralj b) oflice ? eylinder anbordi ,- _?nd tearii . raapawsr engine. mea who woald not ap rice of e to enter a room where !.ord ? ? worhing ai.d not be aei ?? Yaatarday .--.?? .--, eoarteoua and , a corner of n minnta I bad ? to correct I arhich he had re i fiaa Zaalaad k-.ven a I ariea te raVisw, aad , ; ? taadily baay nntil it r dinner. \ Better Machine Gun \\\i, [ENT hai been made of - . ? ? f an American ipable of continnous ftring, \mmunition feed bloch by an endleai , ; eutomatie reloading pply ! oppen eontain from rtr Ige aml are replen* thoul interfaring with machine joni tire about i with ? olding approximately able te (ire lei while ? nt ipiti thousandi of mis lusing, an.i thereby does rdii ery | i "I <-i,T,r,r,.f, you want rubber tir<?-'.'" .aid " ;,? man to I ' ; ? ? ? evei hiclea tam m iying one. "No, ?ir," said lh. old man. "My folkl aiti't that kind. ""hen they're ridin' they want to kttOW it." oetUfa. Plain Propositions Addressed to Pacifists ,,r~pMIK difficulty in talking to paci 'j flsts," writel Harrison Rhodes, in "McClure's Majraxine," "is that there are so many kinds of them, and that to so many of the kinds there is no use in talking." And he goes into a discussion ?" . ? ? Persuasion avails little v.ith the German gaadlBl who has tried to . teal thi . or the man whose paciflsm is rooted Bolely and aelflahly in the arlab to . nve his own akin, oi thi amall bob! whose dia ? ral of war ia a mere axenaa to his own -. ping in* poeketboob eloaed when ? ?'-<? opened ?he:r_ to reliev. war auffering. Publie common sense soon .mokes those cut and ftnda some other urgument than moral suasiorf for them. "Another attitnds, too, is already passing? ? the pacifle American whose patriot? ism was. .o he alleged, barning with a hot ,, ? blui Barae, but who couid nol abandon our traditloaal national poliey of iaolatlon; who thoaght Europe's quarrel waa not our quarrel; who really believed that neutrality was posaible. Tha most apt com ment on thrs att.tude !?> that prevlded by Coorge Sylve*ter Vlereck, editor of 'The Patherland,' and for a long time one of the moat ardent and piominent defenders pf Praasla in our country. As ara went Into war and Viereek's Araerieanism deepeaed and ? trei gthened he ehaaged the i ami of hia ahael ereck'a "Tha Ansoriean Weekly,' and pat upon its cover the motto, 'For America Firal and for America Only.' It ia fairly evidenl that nn American patriotiam whieh u aaly1 ia the kind that would please And Berlin, as suming as BBUal tl Bl ereas or unseltish emotion exists 0ut . Prnaais, eannot understand why our : jatriotism is not 'for Amer.ca only,' but for the bleeding, fightiag alstor io-aemdoi of ? r arerld. The Socialists Are in a Statr Of Ironic Confusion "Internationaliem has to-day beeome a liv? ing thing. and it is r.ot wrthout some ironic .action thal one points out to the ele* in the Sc ty which are now oppoaing Ameriea'a pnrticipation in the arar that they themoelvea hava had much to do with briaging the world to see that to think af your own eoaatry -v a narroar itlam aad lhat you muat arlab for the good of hamaaity as much abroad as at home. Now that America ia eroaaing the ocean jnat for these reasonv the Socialists ddenly in a pamc, f.-e! quit ently ahou' Interaatiaaallam and an - to sacritice a single prccious S... al lifa to make patriotiam broader or to do good to eoBBtloaa rallliona <>f hnmanity ? they are. hs it were. ni-n'lv hoist with their own petard. Who ,... j ? -. ? ? the man here hiding from regintration or the man over then Frai ca and Frglan.l and the new apa a new Gora any, aa we . ii-. for hia own America _ It a what wa* bread an.l fine ami gi B ln the Socialist doctrine of il tional amlty has been sdepted bj tmeriea al arsr, wbili many of the original ii rei hliflg with fear trying to eal! back the amUf wh ch they themselves have made flow nndei the I Small wonder that the Bocialial partj ?] I i aad diaii | <rv t? aapla n how tha tl | tl , i wai moal to bi I worth flgl ting for. ' But paciflam, for all it has been drawn into m-iapute ia m many eases, and has beaa made s sinieter implement of anti 1 Ameruanism, ll not, Mr. Khodes ? to be dismissed with unmitipated condem nalion and scorn. The term, he admits, OOVeri a multitude of weaknesses and cow nrdices; hut it covers "much virtue, too, much love of humanity." Mr. Rhodes even gOM so far as to say that the term covers "much admirable folly." After nnnouncinp that he is a<l drMiing hinMlf directly "to pacifists whose hearts are ripht. even if their head* .?ire wronp," the wnter continue?: Few of thf Ameriean Socialists Go 'o the F.xtrcme "Theoretically. the perfect paciftst flhaald be the complete Tolstoyan r.on-resi'ter. He should believe that it is hetter to submlt to conqucst by ? foreirn power thsn to resist price of life. Such an flttitedfl la lt lea?t clear. And if you believe that there is a? lllial] choice in (OVCrBBeatfl as there is in rottflfl app'.es the proposition is at least arpiiv B ll fflW of mir Ameriean pacifis's thifl extreme. Indeed. they hava shown 110 such tetidcncy to press forward to a lafi* eal conclusion. Thej thoufrht the war so tcrrible that it seemed almost wrong to try ? i thfl reapOBflibllltp for it. They wanted peace so bfldlp tluit they deelined to face the possibility flf Gemanr'a making: war on Ba :i she could bent dowil Krance and Eaff* They waated t? r-roteet the country from conquest, bal l Bat wai * to fifrht to do so. They oTtybited. indeed. > very humun but maddled ariflb to ent their cak* and have it too. "The taeties they fldviflfld toward German** were like those of the old man in Fdward Lear's Took of NoBBflBM' rl.yme a passnf-e quo'ed once Ifl COBfTflfla arith fcTflBt effect bv James A. Garfield in describinp those who before the outbreflk of the Civil >v?r ad vised every eoaecflflloil to tho South l: " 'There WM an old rr.Bn who said, "ITow Shall l Bea from thia harribla eawl I will s;t on the st-.le And continue to smile, Which nflp softcn the heart of the cow."' "For a considei-able period It seemed as if America were indeed foUowiag the paciflfltfl' , ard Mr Ijear'sr fldvicfl. If smiiing showed llgM of faihnf- to soften the heart, the pael fiflta ??.ould have fldviflfld bidlag the head like the ostrich tfl mee! 'he emcrKenc-*. Their point of view was shifty, tbeir thir.kinp con foJfld. Yet Iflt us try to do them .iustice. Perhaps this was |flflt from the itrflBftb of their emotion, for throtlfffl everythiiii* was their deep and pfl.flioBBtfl and whallp rijrht hatrei! of war. witll al! it l laelifiefl of younjr life and old happine-^s. One phrase which is forever on thfl paeiflfltfl* lipi if elaar and very much to our pre-ent purpose. The pacl fifltl sum up their case when they Bay they 'do not believe in wi.r.' "Hut who does? The war is beir.jr foaffht Jtiat because Wfl, the Allies, do not bflliflTfl Ifl WBT. That ll thfl IflflOfl. Germany be- i llerea in war; she haa believed In lt for ha'f a century. She believes in tho might thit msKi'H nght. from which there i* no appeal. Her world is one In which the strong must do what they ran and the weak suffer what they most Var, which is not considered En nny ethical or human* wny, is simply the ?oat efti.-ient way for Germany to get what she wants. Bismarck aaid that the war busines" was the best Germaay could go into. And she holds to this tradition; eonque*' is the leaat expensive way of earning your liv? ing Just as thieves conceive robbery fo be. Efficiency in promoting the wcllbeing of Germany Is the only atandard by which tho actions of soldiers are to bo j'idged. Germany Belie-ves in War; the Allies Do Not "If euttlng off the hands of ten Belgian children will assure one easier half hour to a single German ehild, then the Belgian hand* should be cut off. But why only ter.? Ths ll war. Germnr.y believes in wnr. The paci- ' fists do not believe in war. Tho l'nited States does not hel.eve in war. Oir allies do not believe ln war. "The Allies do not bciieve even ln war aa they make it, leaving th<* hands on children and Sfri_.ng to make the tight as decer.t and as sportsnianlike as they can. Kven as war came they did not believe in it; it seemed for a moment like the nightmare of some monsTous drpnm. 'Ihey v.ere unprepared for it because in his hrart of hearts every one Planting Gorn to Beat the Kaiser THF l'nited States had a bumper eorn crop this year, which will po far to offeet the ahortage of wheat, bul with a little better work from each prower next yeart yield may run flfty bushels an ncre inatead of twenty-seven. Indeed, C. P, Hartley says in "The Country Gentle* man" thal this country next year could riii-e more thnn enouph eorn "to make un neceeeary aay leareity of bread, milk, pork, beef or horses, or any doubt repardinp the OUteorno of the war." Rut pood seed will havo to be Mlected this fell, and he tells how. 1 or eorn has such adaptability, peneral thiiftines-' and productivity that it can eaeily be made the country's leadiag crop. "Iti adaptability li ao great that it ii a , rop of importaaM in practicelly all parts ol ti.e United Statea, and it ha> ? greater variation of types aad formi than la found in nlmost any other species of plant." M.ireover, as Mr. Hartley pointl out, the growing of tlu* Med year after year un? der !(h:i1 condition! has developed strains partieularly auited to local conditions of i limate end I il Hence, the tirst of Mveral m!es he Iayi (inwn in seed eorn sclection ll chooeiag ? variety local -v,xt C(,mPS tne : natured tield of thii ,... wi;I i. haa i ?! grown within an aighth <>( ? mile of another kind of eorn. 1 or wind often carriee <-orn rmllen f ,,..,] j .... cauaing eroM pollina* tion, from which a variable com result.-. Other rahal u-'ommended by Mr. Hart low: *.-__?*___! i vH fcfe :**_-__*? - . *. "*. ?? wt-\ J Two oxce.lor.t ean of flint coni for N'ew Vi.rk and New Kngland. Quick mai for I'H-alities with a short froariag sca Krom The t'ountri Gei ''rman "In thii good. well matured field ?e"d should bt selected from the stalk*- thal I I yielded best because of their inherent pro dactlri.y rather than beeau?e of ar.7 advar. tage of space, fertility or moi^ture they may possess. In a full atand BOed should be selected from htalk.-i which have had no ad van'age over aurrounding stalks, but reveal t^eir laherited iBperierity by prodaeing more ears or longer ears than any of the. surroun.iing atalkl. "Fall t>!d se'.eetron is the or.ly pr^per method of seed corn selection, because only theri ar.d theie ean ore he sure tl.at the stalk did no* have advantages of space. fertility or moisture. "Othor thinga beiag equal, pendent ear* are preferable. Rain water does not readi'v reach and mjure ieeb ear*. Tillers or suek ers are objcctionable and can bo reduced or 'hr.-1 SBt' by tak':_; aeed only frorn stalks that have no tillerv "By selection the tendsacy to prolifleaey or mar;. ears to tl ! ?talk can he ncreased. Kxrept fur fodder corn or silage crn. a large number of small ears to the stalk is liaa desirable tf.an two large ear? "Larga eaM .; onld Sl preferred, but the size should be due to jrreat length rather than to great .irame'er Very thick ears are slow in dry ing, and often spoil. leong. broad and thick kernels are preferahfe. Sleadar, close-fttting kernels are siow in drvmg, nnd when planted usually start | 4 th le*.* vrgor than larg*. heavy - ? n "Laat wa he doeetved and become mere ara of water.' ue must avo.d taking seed from stalks that ar- tOO tn!!. '<??? '.,'?? to BUture thoronghly or have Mppy ears. Laa i ? farmer ahowad witb pr.de his largaal -ar ? ?? eort ll '.4.1s tbirtees aad a I > ?' rrche*. long :.:? : are gbed two i Three months later it had shrunk to ten and a half inches in length and one pound in weight.' outside Germany believed that civilization by the twentieth century had come so far thnt arar -vas BBthlakablfl rhflie wai is true, about German latflBtioBfl, bat almost beyoad human BBtON to Germany eoald d? thia unipeakabl. thing. The world outside Germany waa no* for v.-ar beeaaflfl ll did aot believe in arar. "Does any one, paeiflflt or othfliwiflfl, think that. after threo >??.-? .cri'lce nnd cour ajje and sorrow. even when victory -eems tfl hovcr in the air -does nny or.e th'.nk that o-:r lldfl has come to le'.-.eve ip. 4var? N'o. War hai crown more rflpflliflBt every B Human bruvery and p.-.ti-nce in lufl have been shown as we had perhaps ffl ten they ex:.*ted in the WOfilL The Bailitarp v.rtues shine like itarfl, fiVaBg almost all thfl light there is in a darken? d world. And re* flt heart we fflfll that the mi'.i'ary are not worth what they cost; that in thfl sky that spread ovr?r a world at pe.icc other flfl brifrrht stars weold i l< "The fflilura of the pflfl Bfltfl to understand tl * * sir flima und bfl aaaetlp **hat is drivirij on the Allied flttach is a trap-edy. So much of their por-""'^ ;;. :"."..?,.-.*? with ? (j. so HBC '' power of heal and heart is '...'iri,' Rrflfltad. Can to-v BOt i*. their country w-nt to war slowly l.eciue it ha'erl war" Can thfl" not Mfl that France and I hatfld war aad made it only to lava the fotarfl. Cai still believe that r.r.y one nol lavea arar fat war'< sake? "N'o; this the grflfltflflt of al! wars it a war upon arar, a paaaioiiatfl cry from the poop!.-.. of the earth that war ' a?let, and that the nation whieh brooght rai repent and ihall join with UI in solemn vows and en,-. gi I thal BflVfll thia horror devastatfl thi world! Makinp Demorr.inc And Peace Supn akinp Drmocracies Supreme i**nie "Wo say commonh - I I a war tn defend di-mocriicy. Atvi thii J* true. Hut tbfl pblBM aflfllBfl v.iK'iie t.i many people. ' ? iay th.l -... -> dflfflnd 'j n .! . |0< ' I ifl "-:ir. fll . I ::' v.. ... mflkfl denoeraey loprflnfl wi mak..- peaee supreme.' "Ir.) tha paclfial think I - any rflOBOpoll iri the : ? al'. thflfl* Dlillioni that rint; Gorniar-.y ? aad d >d fnr oxeept to i ;ty fr.-m war? Ih-' p Batl are merely williag Tl ? ? u nal hand paati rltj ? ?? ? and the ilflvei y wh eh, i - ? ' raefl which believei ... . . . people. "The paeil ip that to ... . ? , . to kill other m-Mi. Th n the Greal '? - Th..- writing ?. id ? ?-, th? that ar.-i; 0 r.::.i flatr.e. The ? - ? I reeioa i gift thal aml dnrr. can brinp, r.-. ? . not to .Le I. And !???? within the worl l'i rvaeb, if ipi IB ? ' : ' 1 r ' th.--r priea. \r d I ? ? ? Germany a:id the Germar. aml arbitration I ;n thfl warid. v. ter ''.ir fhe .rorld. t ?a ia thfl t r ?. "Many pe.>'.',. ? ? ......... on th* croii I ? ? did, are dying: OB thfl battli ? .nt to save thr- world, to hrinp ifl ne-.ce ar. I toward men. Thfl) are the true pac.rists " Cotton Goods CHINA cotton ffoods trade is e-:citing mueh more inten I rted or at ai the large diitribution of doi made tton g ul ? ?? ? made market 1 e i by cn increase inquiries r.r c itton ?:? '?? ' raa* ?on ii t'ne advance ii. the I lilver, a cond.tion which ; ill n-rmit greater foreign buying. M i I ment* why the ? ton goodi trade was loet I llj many of the opinion. ? l I I BBB I ased upon eertain w- rl tl.e question li asked whether the trade ia rpon the eond -ned. Will the di itributioB in the l ever be very much :ar_r?"." thaa I hai boen durinj? recent years? Tho - to be a1 tw\* itoro, it i* p< at there will be s onsid . ? ? ? ? .-o* ton goo Chi baaai the greater buj ? ':on ituneri involved, the ins I Jap and otiior foreign p: I in:\\:? tlio quantity of goodi requlred snd al*0 the more or leiS difficult ihi] indi for eertain onei amoi g the i *. for eign produeera. J' 1* e.i.ler.t thal I ? ^^lo of a large amount of cotton goods to 1 ? i cannel be permanent uatil condi tiooi are different from thoee whieh st ? ? ? ii obtain ln tho donmetk market, or | power of the ii diTidml tmer in China ii mueh ia tt '. If <;? the 1 uyer in I hina to purcha.e jjoods of I r qual ?o.'.ly raat o| portunity. Man; .les of nfaefc . i tn mpa\ ' ? nrod !.?'?? made inywhere elee, lt I alse poi lible thal d i may be able to tell s btly I etter q is I ;h at the SB I t crta.n for..if*n The ad- ani r : ? gOOdl mi I . ? ? ?? ed. Indtcatioi ra that I of thi .1 in China ? 1 ave does BOt give very ? Bl .? ' 'nrj\ n whieh -lap.' ii which i I hina | are pri y, of very lo It is i that the fon gn buyer* do not want >'<?_' milla, but . buy them. . . , very Chins trai e, and ba* es ? the te ? i ? i 'ban for a bway. Il has ' ' pro ' thia will pre : ? f j by domi tie producer '>? ?-. . conditioni le in _... ,-.,-(jn Wool -.? .' " n /.', t-orter.