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WEATHER?Fair lo-da. ; probahly rmtn and warmt-t t?-?om?-?.
ALL MERCHANPISK ADVER TISED IX THK TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED Mrone CIRCULATION Over 100,000 Daily Net Paid, Non-Rftturnable Vm. LXXV11 No. 2.5,915 (OprrlfM atW? 1*\a Tr_>>m*- Aaa'nl ajmf ? the Truth: News ? Editorials ? Advertisement^ MONDAY. OfTORKK 29. 1017 ? ? ONE C E N T T.%* tuf Hearst's Man Hale Kaiser's Editor in U. S. Writer Long Secret Di? rector of German Propaganda Condoned Sinking Of the Lusitania Sought to Create and Incite Hatred for Great Britain what ftWaw*. rn tat* mttaamtwtw, , - he fhe itary ofam Awterteom oiti* . ? %t\o herr tha atwrwt arnmawhrr nmin ****** "'?'?;'7 "' "?' Vwitad -ntet. Hl* name il Wdliam Bayard Hala, I va*. horwahhi ttina*miihtd in thia eaaatrf hy hi* -:,.',.,,. Hefroaadoa tha fritmd >,i07rvphrr oi **f*?t*atUnt 11 OtOlt, ln 1913 he rejrrefn'ed the l\'d*<m mtmetration 0n a ?? I Wwtiai . -rtrnd ta Uaaiea. Shartlw thmmfter ? * reajted to ht c ?Htitat a> the WhiU i, ffg remtma wm*o ghen. ?? fttet einrr- that time hava thiml ehara-'er, half in Ahs ? . | ? ttht dark. He km oeerattft direrted the Ger ?..../.. attd ha* heev af- th* cn errplcrye oi WtaaHam - r : pro-'-.rr tneeea, many of them ;n | t***m\*rnit ht* rondnned ? nt tk* ut La raited m~fem,mg\ ... ? hovre later by \ ? i in Cleveland. By T. Everett Harre ? o ur.cillor Dr. Bernhard "ame to tho United BtStM ??.* nthlllt at tha war, <n 1914. , ,.-,- ???? ?.-mad throagh a propngmnda to ntrj d?ired ?orror ... etmaxittai by - u Viorde. ll Beltftt-n *n<* ?tai dirert from Ger - tt |rmlplt?ting the . .. ? -. ? ?*** ftodltafll and . *tr-f aopjilles tnt? Girmmr'hrouth ?eaal Mvtral tmrnXwiaa, and to thli .-??.;?:' I ?' ' ' ' '' I .. | ,... ? . Kockade - - , n and .. ? Creat Britain. . ,n| t0 tmtja of cargoes ? .,,- .; .ought to iBIp N ..?nerlean till?I b tereeta wlth the ''?r ttaX Qtwat Britain lntmdad to potm ard ?pft-.f-teti AnirlcM for-, ? jr. tr&d*. Ar object cf hnmed'.ate adrartage to - '.tar? G.nr.a_.. waa the shutting off < Aaaricar _reppy? to *-*?? Entiat* j --JlK They bellered this might be > .-hlered throuph a _??--irnenU-l oam-, r?ir_ _fS_Ut the maiv-facture and aa.e <?' armi ani i_m_nwn!tU>n en apecjottaly ? mr?_itar'._.r. pro-peaoe ard rehfiou" ; ?it. hr. Vtfmama ?*ria hXt ''"Tnin > ??tiate*. had MM with full InitTue trotr. their "gxaCov* maateT l ? had c-mie adequat^;- I * a' f'*d. lt ??i said Ur Perr.hurr --a<1 i1 ? -V.ui** f ?:.<??? of I2S.000.000. | Dr _V~.hu.r-; ind hii mi i - .. not carry *A ?? -ri-''<ia . - Tc be iffi " ???" I t i* ' ' ?' %eti. lamitm I_tj therefore .oufiht as t (trector of thoM Mtivitlii ?on.e per- , _on ? ?'? ? *'"P' Wmm tne and Iii ieafl*< ? mgaaa prwtati ? d -.c ai.d p" it* MMcUtl?ni mifhl aoo%*a awaatita m ou.f _cr _._ *??? . m ???' !" '? f0' " liteiflos for wbiteTer h. mifht i e or M) a the :?:-*?? ' ' ' " ,I,> H?Jo'? S?rrice? Are Secured ?- . ? '?'ti ar.d ?ec_- ? *t^-eet of Will : met] ):a c. foTmorij- a rai' ' Um EpiaaopaJ l l ireh and a poj _: :? Kramtrt, a Philadi rb: latvT a diii nftriinoa ??* '"r out-.a'is*. " mafMine M*ntribii .,? . .- ; - ? ! '? _*-?l'h**T ?' Preiidan* V i odro* wl - B, M 'r'" ?o- fitraordlr-i-'v of the Proiident to io, e.-.; r deputy ??titi w of 1 i ... ,. ,; Wajn metnb*. oi . agart, of thi Emplfl .-??? Bodety of the Boai of_ tho ' ? eu R?yo_?! ioa. ' ' /T?r. or^<-_- of K z l*opold, a: r eatotnaid-r of the Imncnal Or- . **ttt thc Bliing Sun of Japau, o:>e .... ? I ?>? 'V; * tawiieai Coi 12 thi au ?-?? ./ ... reatinr '' *r-. a wtototon port wt Mt. Haie'i *;*?; _. lhe bei ? _ thi MtM director hman p_bhc.tr ln A_ne-iic? to ; *** "rrtnuatior.a and newap*p<-i chan **a for tht dlMiminatiia of his M "?^T iarptrod propag-ar.da. Oi ull tbe j K1^** aei n-rtpeyvr <"v-av:,rati')Bi '.n | aitMled :H*t?- Mr. Hale foutid but; & tf*n *"?*? *dTantafj_ou_ medium - j j6* Hear*n ne?iipa**er(i, for which he I "Wr wert to OtlBU) as correspond- ! '?"?'- ilr Heartt, earer to ''s^t even": vv*" i,r,tI"h' hy v.-h-m he had he. n j "-labed. wa. willing to rroutltute hi? wgaa-t. _J**.Hg a,t a patnotic A-i._r.can of ! **** raahii, 'WillUun Ilayard Bale for | ^n. taewtm. attat the inaaicuTatiori ' m propagmad* by Dr Dembnrt ?*1*l la advt^ar, co-aadr.or and dlr_<v ****ntinae*i on Page 9 Banks Swamped By Liberty Loan In Final Rush Several Days Will Bo Re quired to Calculate Total of Oversubscription WASHINGTON, Oel M Saraaipe-I | undor the rn'at B-Bflfl of Liberty loan I reports, Treasury Pepartment offleiall ; annOBBflBfll Ifl Bigt.1 'hat the total j amount subscr bed '.0 thfl second Lil*** ! erty l.oan 1. still *'a matter ai specula Several daya probably will ? lapafl before the full extent of the na OBS ia nseertained. The dflBBrtaMiit araa without figurea I to-aigh. abo-i Bg any ehaaaja in the atad totala, athat 'han in the New , York diatriet Natfl Yorkl maximum of , M.;,00.000,000, reported last niarht to ! have heen exceeded. it BBfl ??id to : night mr-rht b.' BCtBaaBd by later re j turns to asmufhan Jl.:50.0r*i'.0'*0. Pre - lt estjmatcs bad plaead tho total as j Hi'proiiniately ll.SSOrOOO.OOO, or $100. 000,000 less than to-night's e?t:mate. Reserre Bank orr.cials and local rom M, work;r.g un"! a'tcr aaignight Lght all over tra conntry, reste-" .o-day. Itwas virtually the first breath 1: apall U-flJf bad taken s.nre the cam? paipn beg*an. Few districts even re? ported to tha Treasury. and the as r-'imption was that they would take theii I m? in tranamittiBg the flnals. baTfl till next Thtir-sdHy to make -r.p'.flt* report. Banks' Returns Not Tabulated "RetBTBI rece!?id at ?he Trea?'jry to-day trav* little mdrcat'ori as to tbe Baal resuit." the department announced to-ni(*ht. "On tV._ 'at*9 of retums It rannot br? said whetlur 'he ?a!e e*; 1 coded |&,_fl)0,000,000. Conviction is genera], howflrer, - a* It prebablji ap | proximatfld the maximum total. Banks. I of course. have made no effort to tabu I late all their returns. and may not do 1 so till thfl final day for reporting, No vrmb,<r 3. Obviously preat changes ? >v bfl nade in tbe total between now aud Thurstia;.. "Tt terms certain that every district gor.e well past Its minicaum aad tJiat flflveral wi!i exceod tbeir m?ai rr.umfl ?uffieienf!y to carry the weaker j district* to the 1. gh inarn >n the gen- ! eral total. "Xew York, Cfiicago, Cleveland and Fan Franei.c. wara -howing ??pocla! 1\ strong in tne late retntms. How far New Vork will go over ita maximcm i* a matter of con'eeture. Some think that the exce.s may reach $250.000,000. Chieago difltriet chairmen have bagun to feel 'hat their total may reach the majxiraurn ?f $700,000,000. Kvery me_ sajre to-day from Chicae-o showed new incraaaes. "Hrads of Bther djfltriet. ro*e infre r, laatljr from their avalanche 0; r* taraa long enough to ask that final judgment be not passed upon them for u f?W dajrfl until ail aakrs have been thoroughly canvassed. The Chieago and Kantai I ty diatrieta sent tho nearest eomplfltfl tatala yet received. Former Pro-I.rrmana Aided I^>an '? _TH7 state Ib oar district has ex cefldad its minimum allotment,' the Minneapolia difltriet raportad. 'Many townflhjps have told bonds to every family. I.arge man ofjaotra ring estab Hab?er.ts hava ?old bonds to every em ploye. Some flf the fonnar most rab'd Germi-n fj-mpathi-em, .nolnding rainis SatB, are now utanch supporterfl of the Ko-rasTTiment. and for the last week hav? been solir-it'njj- sales. Many commun - tia? srhioh first refnsed to organize no-* aro ?orking n' thair own aecord.' "At last report. virtually every part of the San Pnuiei-s-B district had raised Ita fl_.inin.Bfl] *nd mariy had gone h'vot' therr r.aximnm. Messages from the Dallas, Atlanta, St. Loaia and Rich* nand d itrii ta told of great enthusiasm day of the sale, but added reports on final totals vrrn badlv de'.ayed. "Indians bavp subscribed $:4.?a6,750. aecordin.E to )?>?>?' repor-s by Cato .... .," n 41 n:.<" of Indiafl Affairfl. Fignrei no* n ihast that the army '?as ijjbsor'berl ?On.C'thiBg over |82,000,< l,0O0,0M haa been al* lottad "v toldicn to thc "-'ederal Ra* serv* Bai k at *<????? York. Ganeral Fer flhiag eablei that |F,7S4,604 has been subscribed h-j the Ameriean ?'Xped;tion ary fOTCOl iB France. !>c1ci'? if the Net* York L?an tituoHov. on Pncj" 5. German Destroyer Hit in Patrol Fight French and British Ships Force Teutons to Flight Off Belgium LONPnv. Oct.. _8. A German tor :? ^aai drfltroyer was bit twiee by BBd French drfl ?v daTTBg a Aght BatBIBBjP after? noon BBtwaafl s;x AUied at.d three Ger? man ve?sel? off the Belgian coaflt, ae OOnltng to au Admiralty statement Issued to-day. The tbr?? Germans weiv fBTBB-l to seak flafety nnder the lat-d battofias. The fltatement gays: "Six Britr.h and Frereh torpedo boat destro\e?s patrol'..ng off the Beljr'sn rman S ll irday afternoon *ighted at.d aUai-ked thrre Orman torpada deatroyer. and seventeen airplane*. Two oV;i7- hits 4-,r-H obtained on one of the .?.'?rii'.'s destroyers, whirh im? mediately ret-.r.d under the protect-.on of tiieir 'land batteries. "The airplane formation was not broken by tha flre uf thfl anti-airera't gtine on our destroyer. r__ach of the airplane* dropped three bombs in the vicfruty of our vesseis. which suffered ro daSUgfl ai de. from two men he>ntr fl] 'jht ;. '? orjnded." WHAT SHALL IT PROFIT A MAN, THOUGH HE GAIN THE WHOLE WORLD. IF HE LOSE HIS OWN SOUL Wilson Asks All To Join League ! To Save Food Calls for Pledge From Every Home and Restaurant to Support Hoover WASHINGTON, Oct 28 Preslden* Wllaon in a statement issued to-day urged every home and public eating place in the Cnited States to pledge ifs supnort to the Food Administration and to comply with its rnquestt-. His ' appeal marked the inautjuration of fam ily enrolmer.t weoic. durinjf. wh .-.?? evorybody iu fhe country will be asked to become a member of the Food Ad? ministration ln order to a.*js-ire nation- i wide cooperation in food conservation. ! The President said that in no other way than through this cooperation of the people can the nation aecompli.-h st? object in the war. J lie StBtBBMBl followflj "The chief part of the burder. of findlng food suppliea for the peonles asflociated with ua in war falls for *he preaent upon th? Ameriean J people. and the drain upon Bupphes : on such a scale necejflarily aiTecv 'ha nricefl of our necessaries of liffl "Our country, however, is blessed ' with an abundanee of foodstuffs, anH :f our Deople will economi.e in their u?e of food, providontly confming themselves to the quantities. raajairad for tho mamtenance of health ard .trength, if they will aliflaiaatA waflte, and if they will make uso of those commodities of which wo ha\e a nurplus, and thus free for export a larger proportion of tho'e requirod by the world no4V dependent upon us, we shali not on'y be able to accorn plish our ohligation* to tiiem. hut flra ?hall obtain and estabbsh reasonable prirefl at home. '?To provide an adequah- supply of 'ood, both for our own soldier* or. the other side of the seas. and for the civil populations and the arm ?*s of the Alliea, is one of our first and 'oremost ohligation*: for if we are to mamtain their conr.ti.nry ln tl s'.rugtfle for the indepeadenca of a!! nations we must first tnaintain their heailh and strength. The sohuion of oi.r food problems therefore il dfl pendent upon the individual Bfliricfl of every man, woman and child kl Cnited'States. "The preat voluntary effort in thifl direction which has been iaitiated and organired by the Food Adminis? tration under my direction offer*. an opportunitv of service ia the War which is open to every individual. *.nd bv which every individual may ?erve 'both his own people and the paoplei af tbe world. ?'\V<4 canno' arromplish our objects ifl this great war flfl.tt.aat saerifiefl and devot.on. and in no diraetiofl ean that sacrifice and devotion be shown more than by each home and pablie eating place in the country pledgmg its support to the Food Administra tion and complying with its requasts. "WCrODBOW WILSON." Start of th* Food Caa****vattm*m i ampaign here, on Page 4. Si-tinese Fliera for France ? la! to The Tribune! SAN PBANCI8CO, Oct M. A Tokio messafje says the Minister of W.r of Siam has announced that Siam will dis? patch to the Wefltern theatre of war a motor car corp?, a rehef corps and a flying corps. For the?e purpo?es volun teers will be organized instead of rall'np 'iron 'roops pow on the active lot. Rain and Cold Test Stamina Of Amerieans in Trenches Sector Occupied by Doughboys on French Front Slill Remains Quiet?Newly Born Baby in Village Back of Lines Becomes Mascot of Pershing's Men By Hejrwood Broun AerrtMUA le 1*0 P-Wfl'M '?''?',' ?*!?__?? forre -.?op.rlj" '.'?: 'r r - T--??*. A.".-. AME R U 4N KXI'KDITIONAHV ARMY, Oct 2S. Th'> MCtOT o' the fron* when thi American troops are training ln tTinihei remaini calm, from a military itandpolnt, bul 'he weather ii MtiTolj dieagraMhie. Rain. w : 'I and ehill hata eamb i ed to uii the itamina of thi dongi DaapiU thc bad r-mda, thi ??? ar. well rationed and art aam rec.ivmg ,.or? food than whal they were in camr- The greateH nereaM ii in sigar and cotfee. A amall. red halloon to-day came down on the road held hy the Ameri can*. It waa found to eontahl a copy of the "Oaiette dei Ardennej," a prop- I ajranda paner which the .lormRJii try to di. mrinatc aaong the French. A. lt n printed || that lanjrna-re, !t did not even prorlde light reading Purae for Rahy The donghhayi hnve rai?ed a purse ! 0f |300 for the hahv horii just back of j their linw on the light the Amcrrrai.j went Intl th" tronche.. lt hai heen definitely doddld that ihl r-ha!! he ealled "I'nis" in honor of "I.e _ K.a'? I'nis," although lome held o>:t tor Li* oerta. The little mitscot of tho Anicri ra'. rirmy il ft good Mby and doei nol j ery or e cn wake up when the Bochet Rend oceM.onal ih-Mln near her rillaga, The he.dqusrter. of the Hn! con tingent of th? American army Mcmi fiore varlike than ever before, now that meiiengtTl ll *'.eel helrr.ets come speeding in on motorcydci to announca di?patches "rom thc front The iowi wai ipraad throngh camp to-nay that lome Amerieans were in the trenches. and the airnouncement created ? gaod d.Rl of in, hu* not eaactlj surpme. 1 bl ironni haj heen trained ii dUigently in tnneh tactics recently. and partieolarly in the me of gai ma.k.. thut they thonghl ?OinOthil / ?''" ild '?ome of it. For week* before tr.e> went to the iront c, rlar; battalioni Carried maek* with them. ancl to tMt them the com? manding officer would cry out "A pai a'tack'" at some inconvenient time, inch a.? th>' middle. pf mpper. Away would go plates. knirei and forki while 'thr. men aH i u ?i*'*'' thell naake. They performed theae drilli -*-th a will he rau?o tnev knew they had a jjood ob~ . ject. The soldierfl who saw their com- , panions ernbark in motor truek? some little time afro did not know definitely wiiaf they were up to, but A* one com? pany jolted through n village singing that tiioy were going to "hang the Kaiaar to a sour ."jpplc free." some could gataa. London Hails America*'s First Shot With Joy LONDON, Oet :>. Nawa that the; Ameriean troops have tired their first shot of the wnr on the Western front look the place of honor ifl tlie Sunday ; p..per? with the frsf Ameriean oflicial ' statement from Paria. The announee- \ ment was recetved with great enthusi BBB* by the Ameriean ClUlglflflflHUII who arfl herr. They said it would CBITJ profound satisfaction to the people of i America. Telltnjr of the event, the cor- : respondent of "The Weekly Pispaleh" ?ays: "Tha Albes are ejtremely fortunate in having Anierieai *roops take a place , rn 'he lir.e at. a comparatively quiet ! ?;me of the year. During the winter they will have amplo opportunity of maatering the aBtricBeiea of trench varfare. whieh never can he taught *:itis/aetorily behnirl the lines. Within four or live months they ahould becomo ^easoned troop*, ar.'i the Ai.ies confi ilently look to a great dupluy when ! thi"- 'ro over the top.'" Enthusiasm in Paris Over U. S. Troops* Move PARIS. Oct. t_L* The firet Ameriean commuiiiciitio-i announcing the pre< rnr? nf Ameriean troops in tht? trenehes on the battle front, to which Foreigr. Minister Barthou made reference on Thursday right, is printed prominently in eli the morning newspapers to-riay. Th? Beflrepapen in editorial artiele? e\press joy over thfl announcement. Dumba Says U. S. Bluffs r.x-Ambassador Scoffs at Great Naval Programme AMSTERDAM. Ort. It> -A dispatch received here from Vienna says that Pr. Dumba, former Aufltro-Hanjrahan Ambassador to the Cnitad States, in ;i epeeeh in the Reiehsrat asserted that I 'he giant naval procramm" of the t nited States v. as mostly hluff. Ships! t Amerioa's War Problem ia Ships. America*! I ood Problem ia Ships. Theodore M. knappen, writing daily from NX aah inpton. tells you what is being done* to push ahead with the r*mers*ency ship buildinj, plans laid out. A comprrhensive day to day story of the problem and the steps taken for its solution. Read it to-d.iy. Hht tribune Italian Retreat Becomes Rout; Mackensen Captures Gorizia, 100,000 Prisoners, 700 Guns French Cabinet Plans to Aid Italy PARIS, Oct. 28.?The Cabi? net met this evr-ninsr to de? termine upon cooperation of the Allies on the Italian front. President Poincare presided. The Allies upon the West front have availahle both the meti and materiai, especially heavy artillery. to check the (ierman invn.ion of Italy, and also fairly fjood rail communica tion to the threatened area. It is a question of time, however. rm the Teutons have struck with tremendous force and are ad vancinj. with tfreat speed. Italy has never been well supplied with heavy -runs and It was bv the use of powerful batteries supplemented by a new form of poison *as, that Mackcnsen blaaltd his way throuph the Isonzo lines. Germany Banks Last Hope on Gigantic Thrust at Italy Her Military Leaders Realize Failure of Isonzo Campaign Will Rob Them of Further Chance for Victory by Force of Arms By Arthur S. Draper LONDON, Oct. 28 Nothing eounts this week except the battle on the Ihoiuo. It is tho aupreme effort towin a military decision. The whole future of the war will depend on the bloody battle now beinp waged in all its fury along the Italian frontier. The Austro-German troops will never make another drive toward the plain of Venice in this war. The enemy, who ii playing for big stakes, has thrown HHide all limited offensivo strategy and has gone into Italy with the hope of crushing her just as ahe did Serbia and Rumania and Bruslloff. Another Kattle Like Verdun It Is another battle of Verdun, but wlth this difference, that the lessons learned there and the experience gained in that deaperete struggle give the at tAcker* an added advantage. For the moment we must pa?s over the terrible battle Haig's troops are fighting against tho Germans in the mud of the Flanders salient, the clean cut, magniticent success of the French on the Aisne, the ever-incrrasing threat to the Russian fleet in the Baltie and to Petrograd, the possibilities af Fal kenhayn's impending attack on Bagdad, the seriousness of the submarine at? tacks and the decrease in tiie world's shipping, the political uncertainty in France and the mounting troubles of Lloyd George's government (which is r*o."..'ing only half-hearted support from some of its former wurmest friendsi. The enemy has won n great initial success and Italy has _ uffered an ini? tial diaaitor. To rainliniM the results of the first few days' lighting is of no avail at this Ittgl of the war. So much hai been iaid of e_hau?ted enemy man power. shortage of gun_ and mu? nitions and deteriorated und broken morale; so much hus beea said and written of Allied supenority iti every hrar.ch of the war game; 10 many thingl have been covered with camou? flage; so mnny ?moke hoxe* have been to_?ed in th* s<'a et knowledge, that the offensive come-- H a dietiact sur prise ?nd as such hurt* our confidence and trast. Long hefore Cadorna began his effort to pierce the enemy line tha (ierman General Staff had start ed iti prcpara tioni to hit the present blow. When the Austro-German forces stopped their drive on Austria's eastern frontier it wasn't because Russian resistancc f' (Tened, but because of political or<U'._. U'hen Riga fell and the Ger mans pushed toward Petrograd their advance wns not halted by a Russian ?<tet-l wall. for there v.as none. Roth drivrs of the enemy won posi? tions of strategic importance and then stopped beeavM itataemen had eyes on Itaiy. Meanwhile the Central Powers were orgunizing and training a great new armv. It was a reserve force, to he used ll the tinal crash of the year. Rank ITea.lly on Blow Before the attack could be launched the Germans had to n.easure tho extent of the power of Haig's offensive. When last Septemher thev had an opportu? nity to test their pillboxes and observe the effect of the operation* in the mud, tinal orders were given to hit the blow at Italy, upon which both their states-i men and militarists banked heavlly. Writing on October IS, Gadke said in the "Bremer Burger Zelrung": "Since September 6 Italian attacks ; have been crippled. Local attacks made ea that front have been unable to alter the situation. Here again one gets the ? impression that the Italian armies are in a condition of exhaustion and that within the country there ls consider able ferment among the people caused by their useless 6acrifiees." This opinion the German General | S'aff hfld when 1t decided to strike ? blow in that quarter. In Flanders and Pranee the dlffleul ties of a winter campaign are gTeat. In the plains of Northern Italy the winter j i? a better time for fighting than the ?Bffiag and sumnier. In thc west Au_ tTla has no intererta; in Italy Austrian j interests are. the jrreate.t. In the east Austria is now aupremely satisfled with her position. All the future work there muit bc done by Germany, and as the price for Auatria'a continuance in the war Germany is willing to put twenty-five divisions on the Isonzo front. The Value of Rusaia Germany flgures Russia will continue the war, but the longer it lasts the harder pressure she will brinjr on the rest of the Allies for peaee. Germany eonslders Russia worth more as a mem? ber of the Entente Alliance than .s a maker of a separate peace at this stage. Germany calculates that Italy'. inter? est in peace arill increase in proportion to the depth to which her territory is petietrated. Italy has nuffer.<l a heavy blow, and it is probable tho worst has not vet come. In three day-; flhfl lost al 1 she enn quered after a year of hard fighting, and the enemy is withln her boun daries. The Italian left wing has been turned, and there is danger that the communication. of her main army may he cut. The quea-tlon is whether hhe can rally and reorganl-e quickly. She has loat a lot of men in pri?oners and killed, she has lo?t a lot of guns, but her retreat has been conducted In an orderly way. Massed arainst her at the present moment is a greatly supe? rior force, well armed and well trained. Cadorna's task is aa heary as that of any field marshal ln the war. He can expect no as_i_tar.ce from the Russiar.s. who could, if fighting under normal conditions, attaek in Galicia. Haig is hitting hard, but It is unlikely that his etTcrts or tho.e of the French will di vert any German troops from the Isonxo. Whether Great Britain or France can send asgistance to Italy is doubt ful, because of the length of the jour ney, the difficulty of transportation ar.d the e'ement of time. Perhaps the very grravity of the situ at'on wil! wcld the Italian pejple to? gether and strengthen the hard pressed army. At no recent period of the war have the Western Allies faced a more critical position. Russia has sufTered heavier blows, but is not beaten; Serbia has been overrun, but not craghed; Rumania oc? cupied, but not crushed; Austria has been hammered, mauled and invaded. but not crushed. Believers in a mili? tary decision are not increasing in r.umber. Moraht Admits Haig Will Force German Retreat in Flanders I OPENBAGEK, Oct. ... -Major Mo-1 ? raht. military correspondent of the Ber I lin "Peutsches Tages Zeitur.g," in an ' article in that newspupe:' e.presses the | i belief that the Germans fleBB will be eompell'd to i .-acuate the narrow Dix mude salient, between Dixmude and the : Passchendaele Ridge, including the for j tified Houtholst Wood, ajrainst which the Bntjsh and French armies are now hammering. Major Moraht, who often is in posses ? sion of correct information on German ; piar.s, iayi the British offensive | through months of nibbiing has bitten its way so deep | three and three quar i ters mile?) into the German front an chored on Dixmude and Wameton that th<* salient is untenabie and that the IGeraUaBI have to ret.ie to a new forti fied line across the base of the sa'.ient. The wn?er comforts hii reatfen .4 ith th? n?4uran'? that this eet-BH will. bring the British no nearer their ob jeet.ve namely, the capture of Ostend ?and layi the British and French of? fensive -i Flanders, therefore, will be a catastrophal failure. He comp:a eently accepts the highest German es timatea of casualties of all kinds as permanent losses, though the Germans themselves count upon 75 per cent of their rounded retuming to field ser vlce. Major Moraht prepares his custom ary ahbi for a reverse on the Aisne front My attributing to the French the intenf.on of dnvjng beyond Laon and upon Maubeuge and Brussels, and will claim a German victory when the French stop short of this imaginary goal. Captain von Saliman, military critic of the "Vossische Zeitung," 0f Berlin, who 11 more poorly in.ormed than Moraht. discuisea in an article, obvi ously written in ignorance of the actual situation, the great importance of the region already lost and the ?trength of the German position, and cvpresae. tho opinion that the French will be unable to capture it. Cadorna's Whole Line Broken on Front of 40 MiJes Teutons Advance On Venetian P!ain Occupy Town of Civi dale and Prepare to Attack Udine LONDON'. Oct. 2*. Ths Ita'ian re treat has almost developed ir.to a ropf. The Aus'ro-tiermans have taken Go rizia, ttmra brthm 'he whole Italian line from F.it.h to the sea, and are now mov::,;' westward or. the Venetian Plair.s. Beiill annour.res to-night that 100,000 prisoners ar.d 790 guna have al re.-idy been counted. The Italian second ar.d third armiei are in haity retreat weitward. Macken sen's great army, smashing forward on Cadorna's left wing, hai occupied the town of Cividale, ten rr.les beyond 'he Isonzo and at tha head of the Northern Italian plains. The invaders are now moving on l.'dine, nine miles to the southwest ar.d KlM than seventy miles by railroad from Venice itself. Cowardicc Disclcsed Cowardice has been disclosed in the ranks of the Italian Second Army. Ac? cording to 'he Rorr.e War Office, the failure of certarn units to refist the enemy's advance a'.lowed the Teutonic force3 to break through the Italian left wing on the Julian front. The Italian line ls being withdrawn "according to plans," the statement says, all itores and depots being destroyed ln the re? treat. With the loss of Gorizia, the capture of which constituted the most impor? tant victory in Cadorna's great drive during the summer of 1916, the entire Italian fro.it southu_rd to the Adnatie has been turned and must be iwung weitward in line with the retiring front to the nortn. It || hlghly improbable the Italians will be ablo to ha't their withdrawal and offer any adequat* resistance until they reach the Ime of the Tagliamen'o I'.iver, which cuts the plains some thirty-flve miles west and southwest of the Isonzo and only forty miles from Venice. This would leave more '.han 1,500 .quare miles of Italian ter? ritory in the hands of the enemy and v?oul<_ threatcn the cntrre region of northern Italy. i, .. nmtA Ih-_??_! .ion Figure* I* || prcfcab.a t'aat ir.'errral disor ganixatioi Tl Ita-y, quite as much a? ?hc orerwheltaJng strength of the en tmy, is accour.table far the comple?e ...Ilapse of tbe mrlitary machine along thi Isonzo. '" WMhl Italy has been in the throcs jf a pol.' eal Md eco ncmic crisis which has sieadily eate'i its way Int* the arm\ and sapped its power as r.o one l.ad reahzed. The present retreat begins tc aasnme an aspect not diasimilur to that of Hm Russian armies in the field since la?t Ju'y While the Italian forces are declared to be opposed in the present operatior.? by an army of four 'imes their strength. equipped as the Itahar.s have not been for months, only a waverlng moral withia Cadorna's army and laek at heavy artillery oa'i account for the swift demoraliration th.it has followea the enemy's b'.o. s. t'nless Italy re ceives powerful aid immediately the situation may go from had to woric, from defeat to disuster. Cadorna still has confidence in hii men, however, ar.d hopes to bring thern out of danger. "The record of many memorah.o battles fought with success by our brave soldiers during two and a half years of war." he tells the coun? try in his oflicial r< port, "is sufficient to assure tho commander in chief that the arm to which the safety and honor of the country are confided will know how to fllflll iti duty." Gorizia, about half way on the Isonzo front, between Tolmino and the sea, dominates thr- entire southern front of the Italians. Situated among hills of great defensive value. it wa* the strongest link in the chain of Ital ian fortifications on the front of more than forty mile.., held for a year and a half on Austrian soil. It *as from Gorizia as a base that Cadorna steadlly developed his offensivo for the Bain? sizza Piateau to tho north and tor Triesti on the south. Wlth ltl oecu pation in August, 1916, the Itabar.s took 20,000 prisoners. Artillery Pated Way The Gennan assault on the Italim line was focused on a comparatively small frontage, but eupported by en enormous eon<-entration of heavy ar? tillery. after the German fashion in ; auguratod at the Dunajec, in 1916. j when thi great Russian retreat from | Galicia ar.d the Carpathians wai pre cipitated. Having ruptured Cadorna'* I line, it was comparatively eaiy for the I infantry to ru*h through and a itart a widesprend retirement. It ii obvious I that the Italian positiona on the Cario Piateau, won after much lacriflclal fighting. must be relinguiihed, and that ' Cadorna's meanace to Trieste has dis ' appeared. Italy will have nothing | whate.er to show for all her efforti in | the war except for small gains here I and there in the Trentino, and m addi i tion will probably lose a considerable l ilice of her ri-hcit territory. The chief iack of the Italiani has I been big guns to oppose to the Teu j tonic concentration. There have b_en several batteries of British "hearies" cooperating with the Itahan artiller.. j and lately have come reports of French . guns being rushed to the threatened I front. Kv.der.tiy. howo i thli were not in sufficient lumibers. and railwa\ ?er.ice from France to I_a._ ma>- uw. I -m