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?Sm Uork (Trilmne
***** ..--1 v Laat?thi rralhi \***? tditonal-? Ad4?-rtiM'ments THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 2?. 1917 m , - ? ttunma -wocuuo- * ? 'aaaai I a - .- ;?-,_. ...r INutu Tark. _ ir, Mafl, Paalaaa r*i<i. cuv V rl | l S'lTED BTATE* Ol T>ll>_ or GRBATKR KEW TOBI l ,? * ns" laa l ta". 1 I ? ' ' ' . .' 1AS H_T_.-* liooo iv*- t*M s IM IM -0 rOREKiN RATES ?aaaj wi aa he 1**** ??-""" ?.*? ***?" * -' L_. . . i ri - - ? New York a? ft cond C.*** M-l H , TirB ? - ' dl-atbtacuaa r?_ii: .r inonejr ?'" m*'kB ? ' ' I BaBTl I -!-._>? u?? fw II Ol tint . - i 1 HmUn !<*"?J cc** of ? | ?_M _tt~r h*re_ *n *_o iwnt.!_ _ Reaching Alien Slackers A great deal of man-power now going to waste will be utilized when the treaties coverirfg the conscription of alien slackers which Secretary Lansing is negotiatinparc pat iate effect There are now in the United Statei several hundred thousand British, French, Italian and other Ally, subjects of draft age. Many of these have taken uut B_Bt naturalization papers. Oth-. its have shown no desire to change their citizenship. It has been a puzzle to us to know exactly what to do with them. Congress ineluded all aliens in the regis Iration on which the draft quotas for the, states were coraputed. It excluded from conscription all enemy aliens, but left the rtatua of the others somewhat indefinite. : g treaties protected from involun tary military service the naticnals of cer? tain countries?some Allies, some neutrals. Jt would have l>cen a breach of interna? tional comity to draft neutral nationals into our army. It would have been injudi cious to draft Allied nationais without first getting the eonsent of their governments. Congress wanted to brush aside all in? ternational restraints. Itl object was to gft the aliens of draft age?enemies ex eladed?intO military service. It was anx ioog to get them into our armies. because ? grave discrimir.ation againat the states with relatively large alien popula tiens could thus be partially removed. These states have been compelled to fur niah quotas based on their entire popula? tion?which put a double burden on the citizen element. Some schemes considered in Congress last summer provided for the conscription of all except enemy aliens. Cthers aimed at the conscription of such non-enemy aliens as had taken out first -.lization papers. Others contem plated the return of all Allied subjects to their own'countries and the deportation of all neutral aliens who claimed exemption from the draft. Mr. Laa ? ted to hasty leg n a problem which bristled with in? ternational difficulties. He finally induced CoBgreai to bdM itl hand. promising to ne gotiate agreementl which would make res ulcnt aliens available for military service. either here or in their own countries. Hc ? now reports that he has drawn up con? scription treaties with various Allied na? tions and will submit them to the Benate next month. It h obvious that such apreements must hc reciprocal and that a standard form of compact is highly desirable. Our treaty with Great Britahl is expected to serve as a model for the others. Since tbe British conscription age limit is much hipher than ours, the easiest way out is probably to r.llow us to recall Americans in Great Britain between twenty-one and thirty-one years of ape and to allow Great Britain to recall British subjects living her* who aie between eiphteen and forty-one jpean of age. It would be simpler, and to our advantape, to apply our conscription laws to Britiflh subjects here and to allow the Britiah government to apply British laws to Americans within its jurisdiction. But that process is open to the objection of Bg up two standards of military obli Mtfcm?one for Americans at home and nnother for Americarf- abroad. It wo-ild also make a vwide breach in BBtabliahed conceptions of natior.ah' It is not Ukely tt at any neutral govern? ment wool treaty with us permit Hag u ' nscript itl nationaK Tl.e r.eutral ? problem will therefore remain But it is not a big problem. To trggto drive this class into our arrr dureatening -oportatioa b ibort poiicy. Neutral aliens who remain here ^ and work are certainly doing a valuable W The main thinp is to destroy tbe present and riti." ? Ail.ed countries who are dodpinp military -'uty. Tr. a of military ag< to be mad*- aaa ef either by us or by their bonv If we follow tl rhanpe method r.o na'ior.al 8usceptibiliti<-s will be ofl But in that caie Con gre> - Inoqualitie* of th_ draft ? ent Non avall I excluded in romput ?ng Btate quotas. Thus the burdens of conscription here would 1* more fairly dtetrflmted. At the same time a mat'-na! Ntafereea I be fur-. Kuropear, allies, who are ju-t now iri far ter nead of mai ib me are. From Street to Uniform Alwaya ia the air oai report of the Children's Aid Boeiety there _ m_m ltem with 8 Btrool flavor ft what the _ewo* iinpar office knows as "human m1 year tbe report of that splendid er* /ation, while maintainir.g ita average fi account*, ef t'lrrner waif* who have | the 1 '- ones of the world, men tions incidentally a new phase of its wide influence which is bound to arrest the at? tention cf evtry food Ameriean. the befinning of the war. it seems. 2 500 fOUBg men have joined the eolora through the aeency of the Rrace Memorial News hoys' House in William Street. Since this eountry entered tho war ;.oo haveVgoae from the house to sen and mobilfatation centres. Moreover, numbers have pone into munitions and supplies factories. Ar.d on the records of the society are the names of four army officers and some 7.000 soldiers and aailora who in years "?one by were street urchins, home'.ess, va grants. Those familiar with this orcranization have lone known that it makes men of the boys whom it takes in charire. It is eood to know also that these men are American.-, not too proud to iro out and fipht for their country. This city can vell rejoice in such a record, and be grateful to the agency which mal possible by Ita aplei did care of th< who come to It Though only ? phase, ? by-product of the society' year by-year work, thia wj -.ment is partkularly appealing. II is somewhat diapiriting to read in the same report which tells of it a declaration that war conditions are diminishblg contributions to the orpanization. makinp it difficult to conduct Ita work in these times of mount ing costs. _ Thankspivinc., 1917 Meaaured by moat of the thinga which I,avo meani ,; ankagi* ing in the | is the aadck I and pooreal any i ne now living can recall. Even turkeys are searc. r and hipher. The l>ank aceount, for most of us. is lower. So are the larder and the eoalbin. The prospect for the future is darker, rather than briphter. The day is chiefly one of reunion, of family preetir.ps, and there are precious few American tablea to-day from which one or more members are not missinp? either already pone overseftl or in camp here, with all the peril to come. Here, as in other material things, the bleaaings, such as they are. make a poor show. They are all nepative. We are not starving. Our brothers and sons and husi ands and friends are still safe. Yet there are few Amerieana to-day. we think, who are not profoundly thank? ful, perhaps more keenly atirred by the day than ever before in their lives. We are almost inclined to aay tl at most of us have never before realizci what a true Thank.-pivinp Day was. It is stranpe re\ alua'ion of everything in our world that has worked OUt thil ehantre. It ha- come slowly. It ia atill cominp to many. Bul - ****? miatakable. We are slowly. steadily gain ing a itandpoint from which turkeys and dollars and the whole busineps of m living seem very small thir ful for or sinp psalms over. The loss of all seems small in view of what we have un? questionably pained. What is it that we have trained, \hat we do feel thankful for to-day. That we live in a country of courape and splendor and devotion and that we. in our small sepa? rate ways, are learninp to share in that rourape and devotion, we think. Every one will put the idea accordinp to his OWH iiphts. No one, not the greatest poet, can say it to the aatiafaction of all. It is not a thinp to be preeisely ottered, yd or ever. There is a warm bestirrinc, deep in the heart of each of us. There is a silent* dedication takine: place day by day ? inmost selves. For these bepinninjrs of a new and plorious life. of sacrifice and loyalty and ty, we pive than M tn day. Conciliation in Ireland The hopes encoura-red by auch reports as we cet of the propress of the Irish con? vention are in lart-e measure moditied by what we hear nf the actuai state of affairs in Ireland, and a speculative future full of promise is disturbed by a troubled and ominous present. It ia for this reasor. that, althouph it is recojrnized on all han .s that no burried compromise could possibly be of the s'ipht' I a at I time, there are inereasinf. si.ms of unea-iness at the difficulties encountered in cominir to a de? eision of some kind. ai as to the usefulneaa of a deciaion of any kind. The people of Ireland vbry irhy thc government is resolved to deal leniently with the di-affected sort durinp the delib, rations of the convention, but what they are asking with some anx iety is whether it will be possible to re btorc ? order if a deeision la lonp postponed, end wha^ policy the gov ernment Intendi to adopt aupposing no de ia reached, or aupp i- proposed w ? , wholly unac ?>le. There may b. pe thal if license enough be g the rebeli the people will ultimately Hirn Sgalnsl them. So far, .. r. tl ? rebel ? aeem rather to bi inr lll power and almost daily they defy all eonstitutod authority ln a way that i-ause? grave misgivingi ;n those who r? ? ling t! e Insur , of 1916. The eouita are treated ? ? The other moned to answer a 'han'" of illegal drill inir. They reft; I ' N -ar W-irran* - ;. and when a' | rison ... . .. refuaed to take off tt <ir hat-, declaring "that they did no. <? ' ? tion of the nn receiving nee of inv ? with hard labe I.T, . ? I not do hard labor, whereupon tl obligingly changed lo? mind and d< a "men <,t good ehai i I labor aroald not be ln ;?? ? '?'? upon they lefl U i ra < of The Boldiei Thin la mprely an Incident, showinp how indifTerent the rank and fde are to tl nominal naeasun to keep them in order. A*s to their leadei ? ? for ?r,< areecnt to enjoy coaaplete Immunity.| te of the Prime Minister's recent warning. Obviously the purpose il to avoid any unpleasantness. but it is no rvious that if a satisfactory settle ment il not reached by the convention there will be a preat deal of unplea>ant ? when the failure ll manifest to all. For then the, government will have no choice but to put down disaffection by force. In the meantime the rehels grow in strength, and seeing they have an? nounced that they will accept no decision i ly the convention, it is clear that they are the gainers by all delay. Light on Mra. Humiston Al a proof of the alleged immorality at army cantonments Mrs. HumistonV'plant," by which she induced a girl minor and a man not her husband to register at a hotel Bt Camp Upton, is worth less than noth inp. The same thinp mipht happen at almost any eminently respectable hotel in N'.-w Vork City. It il not the habit of hotel clerks to v.A\ to inspect marriage cer ?' those who apply for lodgings. The fact that this "rcformer"' was driven ?i tactics is thfl best im,;cation that she has no proof of her original sensa tional charges, for proof of which the gov? ernment is anxiously waiting. What il vnluable in this affair is the light it sbeds on Mrs. Humiston herself. She took a girl of sixteen, given into her by the girl'l parents, and without leir knowledge leni her off to seek a room .u a hotel with a man. As a reward for the endeavor, s h_ obtained a place in a ir thil girl. No hann, fortunately, eame to the child. She was recogniged by I lold er, and a prompt tion by the camp authorities re sulted. All this, it must be-remembered.occurred tubsequently ta the ieeuence of Mrs. IIu miston's first accusations against the mo rality of the boys in khaki. This flimsy "evidence" was DOt hers wher. she made ber charges. This was to be proof the event. This woman is a member of the bar. She is presumed, !>e. eausfl of that, to know the nature of evi? dence and to have full realization of tha dc-irability of obtaining facts beforehand when an assault on the character and conduct ot' an individual or individual. is made. Soldiers are not saints, nor do ordinary human beings necessarily become sacro sanct when they don their country's uni? form. Nevertheles.-, any servant of this coUntry should be free from tbe attack of eensation mongers. Refurmers. too, are only human, and frequcntly a mispuided .'-..! o'ertopa judgment. Mrs. Humiston*! motives may have been admirable. Her performance has been depnrable, and its effectl vicious beyond description. A scan BCCUSation has been lodged, not against individual soldiers or canton ments, but apainst soldiers in general, facts to sustain which have not yet been produced by this woman. The charge has been spread far and wide, and wearers of the .ituform have been di^credited, regard lesi of their personal character. Yet the discreditable thinp in the whole affair has been done and admitted by Mrs. Humiston herself. ( arry the Soldiers Free To the Kditor of The Tribune. Sir: I iBggeal that something niore laatiag be done for the benefit of our soldiers and r-ailors than the mere giving of a dinner on Thanksgiving I>?y, aaaaethiag that every sol? dier or lailor who viaited thi* eltj woold al remember, aad that i- for tho aubwajr, ed 1 all ?arfaee ears to rr.rrv grati any one weariag the uniform of the United tatei army or navy. I feel certain if The Tribune would start the movement the management of the various tranapartatioa lines would bc patriotic enough pond arK1 make such an order for the duratiofl of the vvar. JULES B. OIMHKRNAT. I Y. rk, Nov. 2**., 1917. Thanksgiving A. D. 1917 rhoo, Lord, on this Thanksgiving .lay That wc still reap where wo have ploughed ar.il aOWBi And thouph the harvest geern but meagtt pay, That WO no Innper fi ?st content alone. anb Thee, too, tbat wo have learned to give r.' giving means a daily ?aerifiee; Through aaerifleo weVe learned at last to Ivc Ar <l follow Jn the step> of Him the Huns deapiae, We thaah Thee that our son* stand side by alda With the heroic youfh of bleeding Frnnr. . Whoae fallen comPades stemmed the smi'ing tide Tha; thrOBgh flele-ium like an eralaacbe. Whefl th" Hun first thundered his unholy Anrl vronga Baapeahable besought redress, Thank Ood, it did not find us drunk with graad, Or dumb with fear, or blind to wretched ness! 1 hank Ood, in that stern hour the summons came Wp met it a- bOCaMO a sovereign race; And conacioaa of 'hr ir'ory of oui nnmc, Wo flung the ehalleago in the gaiee**a face! BstJeai'i dead died not li, va n; I bal i ? - ?' gtOB -urvivos the du?t of years; '.,,'h atill u slirine remain; ? 1 .?? . ' >' tiaed in blood anu ' We -BOW tha fearful stake for which we Bgbt, We knena the costly price that some must Er. rietoi In.fn the everlasting right; (;.mi .-ri-' i- tn ?" face unrrushr-d ? - ? tho run thaf we ni'isi drmn. Tl aagfe t.i.?'..ly !>?? tho road ..ur feet must ee rrtark eaeh bill and nlr. in, Ob, grafll '''? vraer till common justice r. Iffl r readOBI has a-enged her martyreo dead! WILLIAM U. TOMI'KINS. A Teachers' Protest Eighty-six Filed Argument Against Signing Loyalty Pledge To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Last week I prorured from the Board of Education a copy of a forrna! protest tiled w:th tbe board on Apnl tt, ItlT. by eigfatf ?ia New'York public school teachers. bitterly r.rraigning that body for having aaked them ?he teachers) to algn tha pledge of loyalty tbat wai put before th-m iataaediaUl} after we accepted -..ar witfa Genaaay The pledge declared "oaqaalil saee" w ,he &ov' ernment and said that "we pledge our.eives hy wor-i ar.d example to teach and to impre.-s upon our pupils the duty of loyal obedience and patriotic service as the highest ideal of American citizenship." This pledge elicited from slxty-three teach , ra B night! roar in a preamble and four hot declarations. and many persons cannot under? stand why the Board of Education did not publi.-h thc protest against loyalty when it v.as delivered. The whole document is as followa; The Protest . ? Vork. N. Ta, April II, 1117. ;.'r. A. Emeraon Palmer, ? \.ry of the Board of Education, Park Avenue, New York City. Sir: The public press announccs that the :'ollowing loyalty pledge has been approved by the Board of Education end is to be cx acted of teachers in the public schools of the Qfcg of New York: "We. the undersigned, teachers in the public schools of thc City of ftou York, deelara our unqualified allegUaee to the government of the United Btat Ameriea and pledge earaelvea by word and eumple lo toach and hnpresa upon our pupils. the duty of loyal obedieaeo and patriotfc >er ? . it ideal of American citizen : hip." Repeat. 1 referaaee te the pledge by mem? bers in meetings of the Board of Educati.x. mdicatei thal il ia the Inteatioa of the board to siibmit the pledge to teachers in such man? ner t\a will practically compel the teachers to '-;i-n. In anticipation of what we understand to be the purpose of the board in this matter we, the undersigned, teachers in the public schools of the City of New York. desire to ' - the following reasons for proti ifalnst ?;gning any pledge under compul aion. 1. \Ve are unable to understand why B fjlodtpfoi loyalty should be e.xacted of teach? en ui,; | i eonaiderahle number of them i.re known to have engaged in trea.sonable activitie3 or to have ..iven utterance tfl trca ?onable s atements. Otherwise to subject -"-, 000 teach ra to the humiliation of being co erced into > igning a document which implied ly questions the loyalty of every one is un warrantcd and unjust. L'. We do not believe that treasonable acts 01 utterances have been witnessed in the .chools of the City of New York. If any have beea ao witneaeec we submitthat ir ia thi ,;_.,. , ? . . ?? . ? or of officers of the 1' - partmen. of Kducation to call the taei t< the attention Of the authorities of the I'nited ,:. None of the publie speeches of the Pl*al dent Of the United State.,, our most respon atioaal officer, has ?xpreaaed inapieion of any f-roup of citizen-. On the contrary, bii latest address to the people, under date cf April IB, 1917, ii a dignified appeal to a free people "to speak. art and serve together" in the intereiti ol "demeeraey and human trghts." Neither he nor the Congress has ?hreatened coercion of the niinds of our citi? zens. I Ther-fnre. Bl teachers liitb-r',, decmert faithful anil worthy employes of the City of New Yur'r. ard 01 citizen." of the Cnited are demand the same freedom from impl ed suspicion of wrongdoing that is guar anteed te other employea <>f the city nnd to citizens of our country until d [ng acts of disloyalty have been made Md proved against us. In pre.enting this formnl protest against nr HCt of eompulsion wc withhold nothing tn < ur allegianee to the spirit and the prir of our American Pepublic. Signi <i ? I.iti.illr. Henry R. K-M-blatt. Knes, Jeson _, Lapolla, (i. M. - - '!??. Anna H j|,.,|. . . - Bank-. i r, ? ? <* ' ; _. Ovper-ian. Mehria t . Mul i I ? Kri'i'man. S. , i. Ha .,ri. Qabrlel H l.nt- Alice ln Edith ?.. _'atter.on, Oorw-i V. Johanna v ? H Ko.ar. Abrahaa. I Rwaell. Anna I. l.-.rne. Harn Abbett, ***** Ja-kaon, l-'.uv.rne Mavman. J. I RoM?b?r_r, '"i,<Tt W. Tiopp. .1. N. .nienberf.. II, hj. Opptwttttm. Iron* Kahlt, .l-ann.tt.- Devia. Mary Bludinarer. l-rael Pertsmon, C>nll? l.r.eni, rt, l* ?'? lieller, If Eaton, Mar* i c<a..|io. i. Perbtcin, Philip Horowlti, B. N k Deteaey, Bdward C. r,,t.,n, Bcatriet Sewwasm, Mr. R. Kehneer, A Henry Htlpern Salzane, KrancU l.uria, M A. Cleaveland. Corn-lia W. Hirha.1 . M Cohen, Pavid H. n R Val "I. Arthur Han,. I Hara-.-li. Mnrri Newmai, i l.-r1" Kreae. D?t__ O. ?i.,r, Minnie Binber*. (>or_.e HorwiU. Berijiimin Hr**t\ ?'tia_. W. Hrrenl'-rt-. Dr,-. i.l V RoMflbetV, Jo_eph Mir-Vv. I r-.,-. Hemoaon. LefkowiU. .Hmtan stn;rh M-Hon A. Keller. Franklin J. Slark. Jenni. S Bu-hbln-er. Samuel IVmsler HennetU .lBl,lurov.rr lonepk , K.lly. Frank B. i;i.,--l-r.', I!, njamin Workt. Aistin M. Letter, tOS D Kuii. Michael Pi hmalhau hi, .mwl S__ne_k Kav Thnma>. H;,rri-,,n ' I.inilemann. Eliubath H'Kh'ierfer. Mary .1. Gl-HlSaM. N '1 S. Jarob, A OottAmflt Wul.rr. Qefl _4? lt has been decided by the informa! com? mittee having in charge the circulntion of .his I-,-. ? thal rhe names should ,p[iear on a continaoui beet, since several eopiea con tained bui one to two or three name Every name appeanr.g above wa? lignod to ai ticid proteat, except one, uhich ira in a letter giving aathor ty Signed) HENRY R. LINVILLE, Jamaica Iliirh S April M, 1917. i For the Committee 1. It will be ebeetved that among those pres? ent are the three teachers who have been kOtpei ded on charges of disloyalty and soon will be tned-Samuel Schmalhausen, Thomas and A. ii. Schneer. "lf the six teach waferred te break ap the evil commu al corrupt good teachers several I gare In the liat of si^i i i ? I have interested m'-clf in an effort tfl as rerta.n bow this document would be rognrded by parents, professional n,er., I . Inoai BMS and the m.tn m the --r,'-'. Oat <<f I I '?? whom it bai heen subnii'tcd up te date all bot thre, have declared in i. r tii thal they (<(-ard the ligneri as dialoj l eir m ?' i ? i ? I he public .ktmful to th,- \(iu-;_r nnd thai thi bi I intore ?? of the BCBOOl children of New York roejairo that the tervicee of those teachers should be diapoasod with. Meaawhile it has been aaeertalaod thar twe Of the BigBOII are loyal and hav. enrer, ,| the war eorrtee of the goverasaeat, aad ?> third has gone to Krance as an ambulance drver fof reseoni best k**iwn to himself and not to be stated here. It is beltev, .1 that -everal loyal rea'her* have been BOOdwinhed into roteat, aad ? aa I 11 boped that they will take imnie,|;ate steps to elear th' ir Mcord ,.i 'lie aarecte of their a- oe oi i v.ith ii'<-ii whose loyalty now ll subject to in veetigatioa, I>r Tl'Nlry'never had seen the prote<t un? til a copy of it was placed in bii bandl last: Sunday mght. W.M. T. BOKNADAT. New York, Nov. 26, IflT, The Future of the Torpedo-Plane By Rear Admiral Bradley A. Fttfte, U. S, Navy An Address Dclivered Before the Aero Club of l\'exv England SECOND ARTICLE When our country entered in"o "he present war the question of the poaaible ii'-fu'ne* ; of tho toi-pede plaaa ia defeflding our own aal waa at once fbpplaated hy tho t:on of ita possible BoefulBeao for effeaaiae Operatioaa ifl Europe. Thi.- matter a Baval officer must discuss with considerable re ?errve, for reasons that are obvious No harm is apparent, however, in calling atten? tion to facts that have frequently been men? tioned in the newspapers and that are well known to all latelllgOBt people, includmg our devilishly intelligent enemies. It may bo mentioned. therefore. that the distance from England to Kiel is only 175 land miles and the di?t3nce from tha northeastern part of France to the same place is only 400 miles, while the diataaeei frum theae points to Wilhelmshaven are only 870 aad 300 miles, re.-t.ectively, and while lt is a matter of record that a squadron of Caproni aeroplanes recently made a trip of sTJ miles without topping. It may be that at the present moment theae are no aeroplanes that are able to carry full-sized torpedoes from England to Kiel, i -charge the torpedoes and return to r'ng laad, but there are aeroplanes in existence all short of such an ability by only n ?mail percentage. Certainly, therefore. if no neh aeroplanes do cxist, they can be made ',. exiat, and I am informed that they can by one of the mo.-t competent aeronautical tra in the world. It may be pointed out here that some of tho greatest auCCBaaai in war bave been gaiaed hy the joint efforts of strategists and mechanicians, in bringing new weapons into being, and that the monitor and the U* boat did not exist until a perception of their strategical possibilities by certain strate gists and the devising of appropriate meeh anism by certain mechanicians caused them to exist. ' Invention Cave Japan Victory It is interesting, also, to recall thi that af --Il the many factora that daeide I result of the Russian-Japanc-e War the moi important single factor waa ? BOW rivention, tho naval teleSCOBO - ght h.-cause it wa-. the deciaive Japanese vi.-iory at the naval battle of Tsushima that decided the outcome of the war by ruining every chance the Russians had of conquering Jupan; becaUBO lt was the enormous supcriority in gunnery of the Japanese that gave the Japanese the victory. and because the enormous supeiionty in gunnery of the Japanese was due entirely to tho fact that the Japanese guns were per feetly equipped with telescope sights, while ;he Raeaian guna were n..t. I ? ismi naval teleaeope aight, it ma> I ere be interjected, is the means with whieh ? very gun m every Allied '-.- ? !. nn mattei how large >.r how small, is direeted againat the submarine. It is the most efficient ? yet brought to hear apainst the suh marine. The strategieal desirability of creatinp More Delay, More Deaths Ihe Loss the Public Suffered Wru-n West Side Plans Were Quashed To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Your editorial deploriBg indei'.nite further delay of any Waat --*'-'1.' track im? provement, as the result of the pelitieal juggling of which this public question has been made the vietim for over ten years, by its straightforward statement of facts may serve tr. open the eyes of some New Yorkers .? the city has lost throagh brazen and II . nloae operations of politieians in thi Legislature, the Board of Estmiate and the local political arer.a. ? 'ver an.l above the strerruou- assertionr of the earioua abatructioaiata, who ma I jus"ify their actions and whoae argumOBta largely are bair*ep!itting oaer eoBatruetion of words, towers the fact that the net result is that they have won for the city another bunch of lawsuits. that the city itill itaada perpetually enj.rine.l from touching the tracks that have been in use there for sixty years, and that confessedly there is no pros? pect of any improvement being begun for many year:. Po any one familiar with the day-'..-day workings of the I'uhlic Service Commission, the Interstate Commerce Com piission and local governments in their rela? tions with the railroads, the assertion that the Ne4v York Central might get beyond the control of tho public authorities is amusing As time goes on the loss suffered through the defeat of the plan for vast railroad im? provements on the gfeat Side <rf Manhattan. which the Mitchel administration by arduous labor and consumm: t" *ki!l and persistence in prosecuting the eit*"*a Interaat achieved, will herome constantly plainer. All inde? pendent investigators, citizens without politi? cal axes to griad ..r peraaaal ambition* to | serve, including the big civic organizations, pronounced the plan of 1016 fair to the city,, a complete cure of existing evils, of immense beaeftt to the publ'c. ar>d not only a retOB* tion of every existing munieipal right and property, mciud.ng aaterfroat, but ? r ure an.l re eraatioa of much 44-ater f1-" I and park acreage for public Baea, 4vith ab <r-Dc? of any moaapoly or obatruetlan to fur? ther extensior.s or to competition in future either by the city or by other companies. Tho railroad company ha* owti".l oa*r'?*,S' most af its rignt-of-wey along the Weat Side for over sixty years, having bought the land when it Wai desolate eow paatBre or marsh ead N'."-v York wn- ? town ternunating at Thirtiath Street. Iloth city and state BCtiaely aidad by legialati**o aeta to aaeare the build? ing of a railroad 'hat areuld eOBBCCt this city with th.- OBtaide arerld via Albany. B' d the city fathers in reeolatiaBi eongratulated ?nd thanked the railro?d affieiall nnd a'l con? cerned for the prompt and efficient creation of the utility. The c.urts, up to rhe ' ichest in the ?tat?. have confirmed the railroed'a perrnanent righta, and to accompl.sh any rational plan of improvement there must be 3 mutuai agreemoBl betwesfl the citv ..'.road eompanj ? hleh tl t mutuai and righ'? of both, vvi? h en' ghtaaed recog? nition ..is.. of tl.e raaponaibility of public ?-en iee '1 he Mitchel ? -.-.:., r, ,i nnd oltimately proeured, tho agreement of raad te eoi of .ts right ead liea which bb laaaed itadaati af the qai * "ii baae declared made tho terms most ':b?ral In fact, emiaent railroad axparta of numei.ui atl r eoapaaiea thaa tho Kaw York Central have -aid private! thal they ? h.r'v the CaBtral eaald manar* . ro "l.reak ? v.n," much le*s maha a dollar af idditioaal protit. ?ithifl any rea ..n ble time threagfc ita aetlay af bbwbm of *eo\000.C*J"* to enrry out the 1916 plan to wlreh it BgTBed. Local "hoNheviki," headed bv the for llimaglg"' of America, who recruite.l .. bu ch trafty and un crunulou oAc together with all the scnttere.) dreatners, mal raBteata, ehroalo objeetere, ifaaraetical thee riata hm.i ahoap aatariaty aaabara though in ? mi*ernble minority both of numbers and of perrnanent civic interest succeeded by i new and aaeapoeted weapons la advance of war was not thoroughly realized till recently by anv government evcept the Germar. I. il BBfortaaatC tor the Alliee that the Ger? man governneai realised it before they did. beCBBM th:- pr: r ty has been a potent *i"ht er on the Germar. aide. 1" fact. the p.mci pa! ingle factors in whatever aBCteei tBS Germans have attained have been the new mortars with which they battered in ,*he tops of the Relgian forts. their novel appn ances for trench fighting and their unex pectedlv efficient submarines Perhaps it is not too late to bring against the Germans a still newer weapon the tor i pedo-plane; perhaps it may be permitted us to hope that, as the Monitor was the effective answer to the Merrimac. so the torpedo ? plnne may be the effective answer to the aabaaariae. Submarine Decline Insufficient Much hope ia felt by the All.es now be? cause of thc apparent loss of effectiveness of the submarine attacks. Whether or not i the submarine has been beaten, let us realize that the submarine is only one of many na 1 val weapons, and that naval strategy recog ' nizes the fact that so long as an enemy^s. ! fleet exists as a fighting force. so long as it ' remains what we call "a fleet in being. it | constitutes a continuing menace. from which i an attack of some kind may be expected at i anv time. For this reason, no mere subsi ' det.ee of submarine activities should blind us to a deairahiltty of sinking or disabling the German tleet. ..... _, . .tasOfl for sinking or disabling a fleet that ia already practically imprisoned by the British fleet may not be obvious; attention : is therefore requested to a few words of exnlanation. War la merely an endeavor to destroy by force an enemy's power to make war. either offensively or defensively. If either side succeeds in accomplishing this the enemy is at his mercv. T*ie mere killing and wound ing of men does not even tend to accomplish it. unless the killing which one side does inflieta greater injury on the enemy than is reeeived from the enemy. Now, in any bat ?le the lide which lose* is more injured ni i.litv to make war than is the side which Wias, hs I have heretofore proven mathematically. For this reason, it ls de? sirable for each side to win as many battle-* . as it can, even if each battle is not very im? portant in itself. Therefore, strategy directs : attacks against weak points rather than i against strong points, and endeavors first to aeeertala where thc enemy's weak points are. Now. looking at the government. of any na ; .i(,ni wa ?ee that it may be likened to a I three-legged stool, because it rests on three eeOBomie power, military power :m.| nava1 power. The.,- thr.-e avpperta are ' ioined together, as are the three legl of a Itool, and are mutiUiliy dependent; but if any ono of them ia broken, down comes the j structure, be it a stool or a government. In the case of Germany there is no ??? | culty in seeinir that the weakest of her three sunports is her naval power, and that, thcre i tactics of obstruction and misrepresen'a tion, tirst. in winning weak members of the Iioard of Estimate to a policy of delay, and. second. m inducing the Legislature during ita tinal rush hours, and later Governor Whit man, to anprove the so-cal!ed Ottinger-Fllen bogOB bill. which contained mandatory terms itely precluding any emieablc Impiwe r.ient plan. This law provides that the rail? road must. surreruier and move off from the right-of-way it owns outright, which it bought and paid for nnd has used for public -erviee for over sixty years, transferring its tracks to other ground for occupancy upon lease with periodical revaluation, with a sec ondarv provision requiring that the company ?ubmit to conditions. that easily might sub? ject it to contiscatory double taxation during changing city and state administrations. Apparently any possibility of relief or im provemeat must await the repeal of this ab surd state law, adopted ifl haste amid the clamor of political aelf - MOkeiB. The alternative. which is inevitable anl pot by any possibility to be avoided. deapite the claptrap public announcements and grand stand plnys being n.ade by those public offi? cials who have hoisted themselves to power. or who eOBBtoasaee the obstruction. is many, many years of litigation, much of wtiich must cover points already adjudicatcd an?l decided in favor of the railroad's right to own prop? erty it paid for. fhe public has been cheated, deeeived ar.d treaneadottsly injured by these successful fakers. ar.d this will soon be generally real ized. Just as they were unable at any open hearing on the qucstiohs involved to make good their wild misrepresentations and to ?v 'he solid suprort of any but the p>-eiu diced, of the uninformed or the unthinking, 'ii whom their apneal was solely one of fal ?ity and anti-corporation prejudice, so they i o'.v are unable to .-ive the 'ity of New York any part of the great benerits guaranteed in the plan won by the courageous, loyal and wise labors of Mitchel, Prendergast and their ??pportera. A WEST SIDER. New York. Nov. 23. 1917. Germans and the Red Cross To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: It is not another "-roundless rumor" as mentioned by Mrs. Arthur Frunk, but, alas, a plain fact that in many a Fifth Avenue concern everything is done by Gerr-ans and svmnathizer.* to cripple the good work of the Red Cross. In tho-e eetab i-hments are working German feasalea; too mr.ny, ladoed. v.ho like their I worthy of the Kultur. A rumor well spread just now by tho*..' fl iria.es is that soldiers must pay from $S to llfl for sweaters made of wool gladly fur- ] nished free of charge by the Red Cross to the girls. It is, of course, an infamous lie, an Other piece of Beebeiaat. if you prefer, but ! v.-ell ca'culated to di courage hundreds of girls willing to do their bit for the boys, even after a hard da] a- work. Searching inquiries n.< to the truth of this rnSBor are. bound to give hardly a r"-ult, for' the gOOd reason that in many instnnces thc fhrewonoB, Btten or drapera of the concerns involved beiag Boehoa sr aympathlsers, it >-.ill mean an immed.a',' diecharge for the, rirl bolper dariag aaoagli to open her mouth.! And every one acquainted w.th the modes. f: sluons and dre-smaking in genera' knows I ?ery well how to-day. with the present crisis j in those tradta, it will he difficult for the | "gui'ty" girl tO find another position. im- arriter, roaehiag for what be states : btlierei a. woald be a good thing for the Bed l re -, which he ooasfdera the most bufltaaitariaa institution in aalsteaee, tohav. i' ted at once in every workroom a plain notlee oa the ?atter He laggeefo also that; the names of flrmi refusing mich a poster I.OBld be given publicity and boyOStted. Iti would be plto another good thing thar once in n whi'e delegates af the Re,| Cross should' tlajt WorkraeCU and give the girls a little lecture on the sweater-a question. HENRI Dl LAF1TOLE. New Y?frk, Nov. 20, 1917. fore. it is agaiaet her nuv-1 power that th* maia effort af I I iheold b? dirwt*' Tho Cermafl aavy liea behind 'efeaeoo aJhhh l ais. CBflflOt be broken through by diroct attac'-;. but, like tho walla of a fort ;b th, oldeB daya, they can be llown over by ??.0. p'anes, just a; the walls of a fort could be climbed over by eealisg ladders. In the ca-e of Oerm.-.ry. although _.T navy is her weakest support in tht <??,., u . will be the most powerful aiflgle agency thjj she will need when the war ii ended (^ many's whole aim in bringing on the ??rty to secure n Pan-Germany, but a P.n-**.. many without a powerfol navy is incothfc, able. All of Germany's marvellou* econ^tj, plans, all of her wonderful army. in cr?? ^. navy is disabled or destroyed, will -upport the German government just as effectuilly BO two lega alone can support a stool, but no m"re so. The value of navie' was not cleaMy reco*. nized unt:l Mahan ma Mihu has passed away. but the light he l;t atill shines. By that light we see that tie N'orth. ern States made the mistake ir our Civil War of devoting their main effort to the army; we see that. if they had done th*. r?. verse and devoted their man efort to th* navy, merely holding the Boutbera arm? i? check. they wou'd have blockade I the So'th , so quickly and so completelv that her metni ', for making war wouU baao been '..ker iwt* from her almost immediately, We see, ?",?_ ! that Russia made a like tr.: take la h<r w*r against Japan and that ! mere | ly developed n*r* Japaa'i the ?aaid have blockade.1 Japun -.. I ?'??!.- th?f Japan would I WOaaj* from a'l the world. In our war * th Spmin 1 we made no such mistake, an.l therefore*** j fought the war flitb the maximna of 'e. llalTOBaOl and the minimum loaa of tim* and blood, a loss of time aj*i blood so imill | as to be inconsiderable, in prooortlefl Bo tkt ! vast and perrnanent results BChletaA Sink Ships if l'oesible In order to realize the BOteacy of naul [ warfare we must tirt realize that the *ni I value of naval weapon;-, including the nb. i marine and the torpeilo-plam . doei mt.rait : so much on the iajartei they can inrlict u 'on the ditficulty with which thoae m.'unei , can be repaired. Ships that ara sunk, or | even disabled. cannot be repaired as quieklj J as shore stations can. nor ean they be re 1 piaced, like men: and, since th. effort of ! warfare is merely to reduce thi enea*"i ability to make war, and since modem B?nl ! units carry much greater c-.ticentnte" i power than military units do, naval Uttlei ! decide issues more quickly aad irrevocibi* | than military battlei can, as the navil bat t!es of Manila and I - i -; In?;. nrove. N? ' military defeat now BOeaiblc eoald ir.lure Garaaaay bi much a- woald the Hp-truttion ; of her fleet. boeaaao that fl t. eald not pos ': lhly be replace.I. an.l withonl lt G?rm*nr j could not even pretend ta hope to achievo, I the ambition for world dofll nion with which I -tarted the 4var or h??? a ?'? - Bgia n'.usibU reason to pive her people for continuin- ta i traca it. Rodin in France In Midst of War He Looked Forwaii to Peace and Beauty To The K.litor of The Tribune. Sir: The death of Rodin laat week hu brought or.t the l -h of opinion ind judgment that eharacterisea all criti-iim of the min of genius. We are unfamihar with the nianifetUtiom of power in art or politica, aro startled by the phenonu lOB and are WOflt to wranfla over the meaning of it. Ho much is thil aa tr.at wrangling may, lf l* takea as a test of greatness. It^ siiblimatica il biography. When gefliaa dii - tra h*\t tho impulse to hunt for h ? sn(";. P*r*n' thetleally, it ia iaterei . that Rodin, .lead a few daya, aaa aearlj ? many bio-rra to hia credit a- WI iatl f, ThO wranghng an.l gOBeral object.on ta geniaa ara, af eaarw ? ?labl*. U'e didn't a-k for it, an.l BO eoald 1*1 oven :urmise that IB<h h di-turhir.g phenomenon was due. An.l then, B earod, :t g*n us more than v.e could ha ? -' ' to a?k for had we be. n eoBaalted. That is the value of Bodin. H? f"**? ** more than we C'.uld bave tl i _ for; BB the quarrel of c I ! ? '* aad special arritara has been a "?" *u aerptas. Geniaa lf the lato Karl Man aa* the wrangling devotees of Y I tkaa riao will pardoa is surplus i Rodin himself on thi - . II ? tataw irif*. Ile iayS| "Genius is as much cliaf*-*** as talent." Whether H lays its deft hat..! i ? .'P**** oi var, on deal c!ay or live, c;' '?'? sets up are eharacti nstic, even an evitable little group of perfect compreheBBBl Aa understanding of the ar' i I r*** Frenchman is more than ir' "?*-?"? point of vu w : In the mental or aesthetic confl ict tha* nf** around wars the nactions gener ? ar ?_??" felt impulses- power, courage. hi "'. **** eroaitjr aad aaffering manfolly < ed. **** ie, gai eral ': *'r there has broken to the *:mo$t universal impu! r certalJ sc ???' aomethine; charael ? ' sue mit to. The invasion of Belgium made I i 1 ?vonet indeeent, tht. sabre ealacious, ai p latai the clean valor of. di ?' *PB< thoaabt; thiaga that hav. i ? *"?*?? of character in ali the eon ,r* Simllarly, thecanfliet thal ladarl subjects erheil an ack..t.-.4 r ''?;*, is of fhe eharacter of tbi i " ?'?~~tt etrlBr.ation from the man ' 'her* follawa an acrimonious ai .1 IntennitteBt da bate between tho n< nl ' ? Vrr. Orundy; Ifl an"' I u5t* less symbols are forgotten. Rodin labered Ifl the greateat age *' trl** lahties, before the w,kr and in I . ' *** mu'.t'.tu.linous an.l di . r;via|" t> eaame never to have eo '? "'* ucderatanding that "geniui ?- ?^ much <"bai> ...ter as t.ii.-iit" iet him aoart among '.-'?4' aa" i. oubled. And how French be waa, enerferic. deter? mined. buoyant. He fou_ht his ! ? i'< **** Namur, hi> MaBI h;s Marne ami Verdun Haa I Kranchman. And his are 1 r'-ner[ they beleag in every g, o,\ aenae to all th* ararld. ? "Of the great 4var he eould apcak calauy and like a prophet. "\othmg eaaily reaigna ita.lf to death. *s eutbu:st of courage hi- ju>t tranafe-***" the world, Can 44e prosene - courr*ai during peace" The patience of the soldi"* tho patieaoe af the trenebea, aaasaai I lubllmit) the atrtee of the arcientr" Shall***" I ave in study the fore. of -.oul that 4?e ba** it. this great stn.ggle " That .? the questi**" We bave reaaBtarad putunce, av.d ** n* yet to learn what we can expect >'f l? vi'tue" From the midst of the chaotic al'U-*"" and inconceivable hrutality and ********JJ the inva*ion that inund_ted hi- country Rodin could look forward to an era ef P"** and heautv and patlent virtuoua living New Vork, Nov, 27, 11*17. ?-? *?