?Sm Uork (Trilmne
..--1 v Laat?thi rralhi \***? tditonal-?
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 2?. 1917
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*_o iwnt.!_ _
Reaching Alien Slackers
A great deal of man-power now going
to waste will be utilized when the treaties
coverirfg the conscription of alien slackers
which Secretary Lansing is negotiatinparc
pat iate effect There are now in the
United Statei several hundred thousand
British, French, Italian and other Ally,
subjects of draft age. Many of these have
taken uut B_Bt naturalization papers. Oth-.
its have shown no desire to change their
citizenship. It has been a puzzle to us to
know exactly what to do with them.
Congress ineluded all aliens in the regis
Iration on which the draft quotas for the,
states were coraputed. It excluded from
conscription all enemy aliens, but left the
rtatua of the others somewhat indefinite.
: g treaties protected from involun
tary military service the naticnals of cer?
tain countries?some Allies, some neutrals.
Jt would have l>cen a breach of interna?
tional comity to draft neutral nationals
into our army. It would have been injudi
cious to draft Allied nationais without first
getting the eonsent of their governments.
Congress wanted to brush aside all in?
ternational restraints. Itl object was to
gft the aliens of draft age?enemies ex
eladed?intO military service. It was anx
ioog to get them into our armies. because
? grave discrimir.ation againat the
states with relatively large alien popula
tiens could thus be partially removed.
These states have been compelled to fur
niah quotas based on their entire popula?
tion?which put a double burden on the
citizen element. Some schemes considered
in Congress last summer provided for the
conscription of all except enemy aliens.
Cthers aimed at the conscription of such
non-enemy aliens as had taken out first
-.lization papers. Others contem
plated the return of all Allied subjects to
their own'countries and the deportation of
all neutral aliens who claimed exemption
from the draft.
Mr. Laa ? ted to hasty leg
n a problem which bristled with in?
ternational difficulties. He finally induced
CoBgreai to bdM itl hand. promising to ne
gotiate agreementl which would make res
ulcnt aliens available for military service.
either here or in their own countries. Hc
? now reports that he has drawn up con?
scription treaties with various Allied na?
tions and will submit them to the Benate
It h obvious that such apreements must
hc reciprocal and that a standard form of
compact is highly desirable. Our treaty
with Great Britahl is expected to serve as
a model for the others. Since tbe British
conscription age limit is much hipher than
ours, the easiest way out is probably to
r.llow us to recall Americans in Great
Britain between twenty-one and thirty-one
years of ape and to allow Great Britain
to recall British subjects living her* who
aie between eiphteen and forty-one jpean
of age. It would be simpler, and to our
advantape, to apply our conscription laws
to Britiflh subjects here and to allow the
Britiah government to apply British laws
to Americans within its jurisdiction. But
that process is open to the objection of
Bg up two standards of military obli
Mtfcm?one for Americans at home and
nnother for Americarf- abroad. It wo-ild
also make a vwide breach in BBtabliahed
conceptions of natior.ah'
It is not Ukely tt at any neutral govern?
ment wool treaty with us permit
Hag u ' nscript itl nationaK Tl.e
r.eutral ? problem will therefore
remain But it is not a big problem. To
trggto drive this class into our arrr
dureatening -oportatioa b ibort
poiicy. Neutral aliens who remain here
^ and work are certainly doing a valuable
W The main thinp is to destroy tbe present
and riti." ?
Ail.ed countries who are dodpinp military
-'uty. Tr. a of military ag<
to be mad*- aaa ef either by us or by their
bonv If we follow tl
rhanpe method r.o na'ior.al 8usceptibiliti<-s
will be ofl But in that caie Con
gre> - Inoqualitie*
of th_ draft ? ent Non avall
I excluded in romput
?ng Btate quotas. Thus the burdens of
conscription here would 1* more fairly
dtetrflmted. At the same time a mat'-na!
Ntafereea I be fur-.
Kuropear, allies, who are ju-t now iri far
ter nead of mai ib me are.
From Street to Uniform
Alwaya ia the air oai report of the
Children's Aid Boeiety there _ m_m ltem
with 8 Btrool flavor ft what the _ewo*
iinpar office knows as "human m1
year tbe report of that splendid er*
/ation, while maintainir.g ita average
fi account*, ef t'lrrner waif* who have
| the 1 '- ones of the world, men
tions incidentally a new phase of its wide
influence which is bound to arrest the at?
tention cf evtry food Ameriean.
the befinning of the war. it seems. 2 500
fOUBg men have joined the eolora through
the aeency of the Rrace Memorial News
hoys' House in William Street. Since this
eountry entered tho war ;.oo haveVgoae
from the house to sen and mobilfatation
centres. Moreover, numbers have pone
into munitions and supplies factories.
Ar.d on the records of the society are the
names of four army officers and some
7.000 soldiers and aailora who in years
"?one by were street urchins, home'.ess, va
Those familiar with this orcranization
have lone known that it makes men of
the boys whom it takes in charire. It is
eood to know also that these men are
American.-, not too proud to iro out and
fipht for their country. This city can
vell rejoice in such a record, and be
grateful to the agency which mal
possible by Ita aplei did care of th<
who come to It Though only ? phase, ?
by-product of the society' year
by-year work, thia wj -.ment
is partkularly appealing. II is somewhat
diapiriting to read in the same report
which tells of it a declaration that war
conditions are diminishblg contributions
to the orpanization. makinp it difficult to
conduct Ita work in these times of mount
ing costs. _
Meaaured by moat of the thinga which
I,avo meani ,; ankagi* ing in the |
is the aadck I and pooreal any i ne now
living can recall. Even turkeys are searc. r
and hipher. The l>ank aceount, for most
of us. is lower. So are the larder and
the eoalbin. The prospect for the future
is darker, rather than briphter.
The day is chiefly one of reunion, of
family preetir.ps, and there are precious
few American tablea to-day from which
one or more members are not missinp?
either already pone overseftl or in camp
here, with all the peril to come. Here,
as in other material things, the bleaaings,
such as they are. make a poor show. They
are all nepative. We are not starving.
Our brothers and sons and husi ands and
friends are still safe.
Yet there are few Amerieana to-day.
we think, who are not profoundly thank?
ful, perhaps more keenly atirred by the
day than ever before in their lives. We
are almost inclined to aay tl at most of
us have never before realizci what a true
Thank.-pivinp Day was.
It is stranpe re\ alua'ion of everything
in our world that has worked OUt thil
ehantre. It ha- come slowly. It ia atill
cominp to many. Bul - ****?
miatakable. We are slowly. steadily gain
ing a itandpoint from which turkeys and
dollars and the whole busineps of m
living seem very small thir
ful for or sinp psalms over. The loss of all
seems small in view of what we have un?
What is it that we have trained, \hat we
do feel thankful for to-day. That we live
in a country of courape and splendor and
devotion and that we. in our small sepa?
rate ways, are learninp to share in that
rourape and devotion, we think. Every
one will put the idea accordinp to his OWH
iiphts. No one, not the greatest poet, can
say it to the aatiafaction of all. It is not
a thinp to be preeisely ottered, yd or ever.
There is a warm bestirrinc, deep in the
heart of each of us. There is a silent*
dedication takine: place day by day ?
For these bepinninjrs of a new and
plorious life. of sacrifice and loyalty and
ty, we pive than M tn day.
Conciliation in Ireland
The hopes encoura-red by auch reports
as we cet of the propress of the Irish con?
vention are in lart-e measure moditied by
what we hear nf the actuai state of affairs
in Ireland, and a speculative future full of
promise is disturbed by a troubled and
ominous present. It ia for this reasor.
that, althouph it is recojrnized on all han .s
that no burried compromise could possibly
be of the s'ipht' I a at I time, there
are inereasinf. si.ms of unea-iness at the
difficulties encountered in cominir to a de?
eision of some kind. ai
as to the usefulneaa of a deciaion of any
The people of Ireland vbry
irhy thc government is resolved to
deal leniently with the di-affected sort
durinp the delib, rations of the convention,
but what they are asking with some anx
iety is whether it will be possible to re
btorc ? order if a deeision la
lonp postponed, end wha^ policy the gov
ernment Intendi to adopt aupposing no de
ia reached, or aupp
i- proposed w ? , wholly unac
There may b. pe thal if license
enough be g the rebeli the people
will ultimately Hirn Sgalnsl them. So far,
.. r. tl ? rebel ? aeem rather to bi
inr lll power and almost daily they defy
all eonstitutod authority ln a way that
i-ause? grave misgivingi ;n those who r?
? ling t! e Insur
, of 1916. The eouita are treated
moned to answer a 'han'" of illegal drill
inir. They reft; I ' N -ar W-irran* -
;. and when a' | rison
... . .. refuaed
to take off tt <ir hat-, declaring "that they
did no. <? ' ? tion of the
nn receiving nee of inv
? with hard labe
I.T, . ? I not do hard
labor, whereupon tl
obligingly changed lo? mind and d<
a "men <,t good ehai i I
labor aroald not be ln ;?? ? '?'?
upon they lefl U i
ra < of The Boldiei
Thin la mprely an Incident, showinp how
indifTerent the rank and fde are to tl
nominal naeasun to keep them in
order. A*s to their leadei ? ? for
?r,< areecnt to enjoy coaaplete Immunity.|
te of the Prime Minister's recent
warning. Obviously the purpose il to
avoid any unpleasantness. but it is no
rvious that if a satisfactory settle
ment il not reached by the convention
there will be a preat deal of unplea>ant
? when the failure ll manifest to all.
For then the, government will have no
choice but to put down disaffection by
force. In the meantime the rehels grow
in strength, and seeing they have an?
nounced that they will accept no decision
i ly the convention, it is clear that
they are the gainers by all delay.
Light on Mra. Humiston
Al a proof of the alleged immorality at
army cantonments Mrs. HumistonV'plant,"
by which she induced a girl minor and a
man not her husband to register at a hotel
Bt Camp Upton, is worth less than noth
inp. The same thinp mipht happen at
almost any eminently respectable hotel in
N'.-w Vork City. It il not the habit of
hotel clerks to v.A\ to inspect marriage cer
?' those who apply for lodgings.
The fact that this "rcformer"' was driven
?i tactics is thfl best im,;cation that
she has no proof of her original sensa
tional charges, for proof of which the gov?
ernment is anxiously waiting.
What il vnluable in this affair is the
light it sbeds on Mrs. Humiston herself.
She took a girl of sixteen, given into her
by the girl'l parents, and without
leir knowledge leni her off to seek a room
.u a hotel with a man. As a reward for
the endeavor, s h_ obtained a place in a
ir thil girl. No
hann, fortunately, eame to the child. She
was recogniged by I lold er, and a prompt
tion by the camp authorities re
All this, it must be-remembered.occurred
tubsequently ta the ieeuence of Mrs. IIu
miston's first accusations against the mo
rality of the boys in khaki. This flimsy
"evidence" was DOt hers wher. she made
ber charges. This was to be proof
the event. This woman is a
member of the bar. She is presumed, !>e.
eausfl of that, to know the nature of evi?
dence and to have full realization of tha
dc-irability of obtaining facts beforehand
when an assault on the character and
conduct ot' an individual or individual.
Soldiers are not saints, nor do ordinary
human beings necessarily become sacro
sanct when they don their country's uni?
form. Nevertheles.-, any servant of this
coUntry should be free from tbe attack of
eensation mongers. Refurmers. too, are
only human, and frequcntly a mispuided
.'-..! o'ertopa judgment. Mrs. Humiston*!
motives may have been admirable. Her
performance has been depnrable, and its
effectl vicious beyond description. A scan
BCCUSation has been lodged, not
against individual soldiers or canton
ments, but apainst soldiers in general,
facts to sustain which have not yet been
produced by this woman. The charge has
been spread far and wide, and wearers of
the .ituform have been di^credited, regard
lesi of their personal character. Yet the
discreditable thinp in the whole
affair has been done and admitted by Mrs.
( arry the Soldiers Free
To the Kditor of The Tribune.
Sir: I iBggeal that something niore laatiag
be done for the benefit of our soldiers and
r-ailors than the mere giving of a dinner on
Thanksgiving I>?y, aaaaethiag that every sol?
dier or lailor who viaited thi* eltj woold al
remember, aad that i- for tho aubwajr,
ed 1 all ?arfaee ears to rr.rrv grati
any one weariag the uniform of the United
tatei army or navy.
I feel certain if The Tribune would start
the movement the management of the various
tranapartatioa lines would bc patriotic enough
pond arK1 make such an order for the
duratiofl of the vvar.
JULES B. OIMHKRNAT.
I Y. rk, Nov. 2**., 1917.
Thanksgiving A. D. 1917
rhoo, Lord, on this Thanksgiving
That wc still reap where wo have ploughed
And thouph the harvest geern but meagtt
That WO no Innper fi ?st content alone.
anb Thee, too, tbat wo have learned to
r.' giving means a daily ?aerifiee;
Through aaerifleo weVe learned at last to
Ar <l follow Jn the step> of Him the Huns
We thaah Thee that our son* stand side by
With the heroic youfh of bleeding Frnnr. .
Whoae fallen comPades stemmed the smi'ing
Tha; thrOBgh flele-ium like an
Whefl th" Hun first thundered his unholy
Anrl vronga Baapeahable besought redress,
Thank Ood, it did not find us drunk with
Or dumb with fear, or blind to wretched
1 hank Ood, in that stern hour the summons
Wp met it a- bOCaMO a sovereign race;
And conacioaa of 'hr ir'ory of oui nnmc,
Wo flung the ehalleago in the gaiee**a face!
BstJeai'i dead died not li,
I bal i ? - ?' gtOB -urvivos the du?t of years;
'.,,'h atill u slirine remain;
? 1 .?? . ' >' tiaed in blood anu
We -BOW tha fearful stake for which we
We knena the costly price that some must
Er. rietoi In.fn the everlasting right;
(;.mi .-ri-' i- tn ?" face unrrushr-d
- ? tho run thaf we ni'isi drmn.
Tl aagfe t.i.?'..ly !>?? tho road ..ur feet must
ee rrtark eaeh bill and
Ob, grafll '''? vraer till common justice
r readOBI has a-enged her martyreo
WILLIAM U. TOMI'KINS.
A Teachers' Protest
Eighty-six Filed Argument Against
Signing Loyalty Pledge
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Last week I prorured from the Board
of Education a copy of a forrna! protest tiled
w:th tbe board on Apnl tt, ItlT. by eigfatf
?ia New'York public school teachers. bitterly
r.rraigning that body for having aaked them
?he teachers) to algn tha pledge of loyalty
tbat wai put before th-m iataaediaUl} after
we accepted -..ar witfa Genaaay The pledge
declared "oaqaalil saee" w ,he &ov'
ernment and said that "we pledge our.eives
hy wor-i ar.d example to teach and to impre.-s
upon our pupils the duty of loyal obedience
and patriotic service as the highest ideal of
This pledge elicited from slxty-three teach
, ra B night! roar in a preamble and four hot
declarations. and many persons cannot under?
stand why the Board of Education did not
publi.-h thc protest against loyalty when it
v.as delivered. The whole document is as
. ? Vork. N. Ta, April II, 1117.
;.'r. A. Emeraon Palmer,
? \.ry of the Board of Education,
Park Avenue, New York City.
Sir: The public press announccs that the
:'ollowing loyalty pledge has been approved
by the Board of Education end is to be cx
acted of teachers in the public schools of the
Qfcg of New York: "We. the undersigned,
teachers in the public schools of thc City of
ftou York, deelara our unqualified allegUaee
to the government of the United Btat
Ameriea and pledge earaelvea by word and
eumple lo toach and hnpresa upon our pupils.
the duty of loyal obedieaeo and patriotfc >er
? . it ideal of American citizen
Repeat. 1 referaaee te the pledge by mem?
bers in meetings of the Board of Educati.x.
mdicatei thal il ia the Inteatioa of the board
to siibmit the pledge to teachers in such man?
ner t\a will practically compel the teachers to
In anticipation of what we understand to
be the purpose of the board in this matter
we, the undersigned, teachers in the public
schools of the City of New York. desire to
' - the following reasons for proti
ifalnst ?;gning any pledge under compul
1. \Ve are unable to understand why B
fjlodtpfoi loyalty should be e.xacted of teach?
en ui,; | i eonaiderahle number of them
i.re known to have engaged in trea.sonable
activitie3 or to have ..iven utterance tfl trca
?onable s atements. Otherwise to subject -"-,
000 teach ra to the humiliation of being co
erced into > igning a document which implied
ly questions the loyalty of every one is un
warrantcd and unjust.
L'. We do not believe that treasonable acts
01 utterances have been witnessed in the
.chools of the City of New York. If any have
beea ao witneaeec we submitthat ir ia thi
,;_.,. , ? . . ?? . ? or of officers of the 1' -
partmen. of Kducation to call the taei t<
the attention Of the authorities of the I'nited
,:. None of the publie speeches of the Pl*al
dent Of the United State.,, our most respon
atioaal officer, has ?xpreaaed inapieion
of any f-roup of citizen-. On the contrary,
bii latest address to the people, under date
cf April IB, 1917, ii a dignified appeal to a
free people "to speak. art and serve together"
in the intereiti ol "demeeraey and human
trghts." Neither he nor the Congress has
?hreatened coercion of the niinds of our citi?
I Ther-fnre. Bl teachers liitb-r',, decmert
faithful anil worthy employes of the City of
New Yur'r. ard 01 citizen." of the Cnited
are demand the same freedom from
impl ed suspicion of wrongdoing that is guar
anteed te other employea <>f the city nnd to
citizens of our country until d
[ng acts of disloyalty have been made
Md proved against us.
In pre.enting this formnl protest against
nr HCt of eompulsion wc withhold nothing tn
< ur allegianee to the spirit and the prir
of our American Pepublic.
Signi <i ?
I.iti.illr. Henry R. K-M-blatt.
Knes, Jeson _,
Lapolla, (i. M. - - '!??. Anna H
j|,.,|. . . - Bank-. i r, ? ? <* '
; _. Ovper-ian. Mehria t .
Mul i I ? Kri'i'man. S.
, i. Ha .,ri. Qabrlel H
ln Edith ?.. _'atter.on, Oorw-i V.
Johanna v ? H
Ko.ar. Abrahaa. I Rwaell. Anna I.
l.-.rne. Harn Abbett, *****
Ja-kaon, l-'.uv.rne Mavman. J. I
RoM?b?r_r, '"i,<Tt W. Tiopp. .1. N.
.nienberf.. II, hj. Opptwttttm. Iron*
Kahlt, .l-ann.tt.- Devia. Mary
Bludinarer. l-rael Pertsmon, C>nll?
l.r.eni, rt, l* ?'? lieller, If
Eaton, Mar* i c<a..|io. i.
Perbtcin, Philip Horowlti, B.
N k Deteaey, Bdward C.
r,,t.,n, Bcatriet Sewwasm, Mr. R.
Kehneer, A Henry
Htlpern Salzane, KrancU
l.uria, M A. Cleaveland. Corn-lia W.
Hirha.1 . M Cohen, Pavid H.
n R Val "I. Arthur
Han,. I Hara-.-li. Mnrri
Newmai, i l.-r1" Kreae. D?t__ O.
?i.,r, Minnie Binber*. (>or_.e
HorwiU. Berijiimin Hr**t\ ?'tia_. W.
Hrrenl'-rt-. Dr,-. i.l V RoMflbetV, Jo_eph
Mir-Vv. I r-.,-. Hemoaon.
LefkowiU. .Hmtan stn;rh M-Hon A.
Keller. Franklin J. Slark. Jenni. S
Bu-hbln-er. Samuel IVmsler HennetU
.lBl,lurov.rr lonepk , K.lly. Frank B.
i;i.,--l-r.', I!, njamin Workt. Aistin M.
Letter, tOS D Kuii. Michael
Pi hmalhau hi, .mwl S__ne_k Kav
Thnma>. H;,rri-,,n ' I.inilemann. Eliubath
H'Kh'ierfer. Mary .1. Gl-HlSaM. N '1 S.
Jarob, A OottAmflt Wul.rr. Qefl _4?
lt has been decided by the informa! com?
mittee having in charge the circulntion of .his
I-,-. ? thal rhe names should ,p[iear on a
continaoui beet, since several eopiea con
tained bui one to two or three name Every
name appeanr.g above wa? lignod to ai
ticid proteat, except one, uhich ira
in a letter giving aathor ty
Signed) HENRY R. LINVILLE,
Jamaica Iliirh S
April M, 1917. i For the Committee 1.
It will be ebeetved that among those pres?
ent are the three teachers who have been
kOtpei ded on charges of disloyalty and soon
will be tned-Samuel Schmalhausen, Thomas
and A. ii. Schneer. "lf the six teach
waferred te break ap the evil commu
al corrupt good teachers several
I gare In the liat of si^i i i ?
I have interested m'-clf in an effort tfl as
rerta.n bow this document would be rognrded
by parents, professional n,er., I . Inoai BMS
and the m.tn m the --r,'-'. Oat <<f I I '??
whom it bai heen subnii'tcd up te date all
bot thre, have declared in i. r tii thal they
(<(-ard the ligneri as dialoj l eir m
?' i ? i ? I he public .ktmful to
th,- \(iu-;_r nnd thai thi bi I intore ?? of the
BCBOOl children of New York roejairo that the
tervicee of those teachers should be diapoasod
Meaawhile it has been aaeertalaod thar twe
Of the BigBOII are loyal and hav. enrer, ,| the
war eorrtee of the goverasaeat, aad ?> third
has gone to Krance as an ambulance drver
fof reseoni best k**iwn to himself and not to
be stated here. It is beltev, .1 that -everal
loyal rea'her* have been BOOdwinhed into
roteat, aad ? aa I 11 boped that
they will take imnie,|;ate steps to elear th' ir
Mcord ,.i 'lie aarecte of their a- oe oi i
v.ith ii'<-ii whose loyalty now ll subject to in
I>r Tl'Nlry'never had seen the prote<t un?
til a copy of it was placed in bii bandl last:
Sunday mght. W.M. T. BOKNADAT.
New York, Nov. 26, IflT,
The Future of the Torpedo-Plane
By Rear Admiral Bradley A. Fttfte, U. S, Navy
An Address Dclivered Before the Aero Club of l\'exv England
When our country entered in"o "he present
war the question of the poaaible ii'-fu'ne* ;
of tho toi-pede plaaa ia defeflding our own
aal waa at once fbpplaated hy tho
t:on of ita possible BoefulBeao for effeaaiae
Operatioaa ifl Europe. Thi.- matter a Baval
officer must discuss with considerable re
?errve, for reasons that are obvious No
harm is apparent, however, in calling atten?
tion to facts that have frequently been men?
tioned in the newspapers and that are well
known to all latelllgOBt people, includmg
our devilishly intelligent enemies. It may
bo mentioned. therefore. that the distance
from England to Kiel is only 175 land miles
and the di?t3nce from tha northeastern part
of France to the same place is only 400 miles,
while the diataaeei frum theae points to
Wilhelmshaven are only 870 aad 300 miles,
re.-t.ectively, and while lt is a matter of
record that a squadron of Caproni aeroplanes
recently made a trip of sTJ miles without
It may be that at the present moment
theae are no aeroplanes that are able to carry
full-sized torpedoes from England to Kiel,
i -charge the torpedoes and return to r'ng
laad, but there are aeroplanes in existence
all short of such an ability by only n
?mail percentage. Certainly, therefore. if no
neh aeroplanes do cxist, they can be made
',. exiat, and I am informed that they can
by one of the mo.-t competent aeronautical
tra in the world.
It may be pointed out here that some of
tho greatest auCCBaaai in war bave been
gaiaed hy the joint efforts of strategists
and mechanicians, in bringing new weapons
into being, and that the monitor and the U*
boat did not exist until a perception of their
strategical possibilities by certain strate
gists and the devising of appropriate meeh
anism by certain mechanicians caused them
to exist. '
Invention Cave Japan Victory
It is interesting, also, to recall thi
that af --Il the many factora that daeide I
result of the Russian-Japanc-e War the moi
important single factor waa ? BOW rivention,
tho naval teleSCOBO - ght h.-cause it wa-. the
deciaive Japanese vi.-iory at the naval battle
of Tsushima that decided the outcome of the
war by ruining every chance the Russians
had of conquering Jupan; becaUBO lt was the
enormous supcriority in gunnery of the
Japanese that gave the Japanese the victory.
and because the enormous supeiionty in
gunnery of the Japanese was due entirely to
tho fact that the Japanese guns were per
feetly equipped with telescope sights, while
;he Raeaian guna were n..t.
I ? ismi naval teleaeope aight, it ma>
I ere be interjected, is the means with whieh
? very gun m every Allied '-.- ? !. nn mattei
how large >.r how small, is direeted againat
the submarine. It is the most efficient
? yet brought to hear apainst the suh
The strategieal desirability of creatinp
More Delay, More Deaths
Ihe Loss the Public Suffered Wru-n
West Side Plans Were Quashed
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Your editorial deploriBg indei'.nite
further delay of any Waat --*'-'1.' track im?
provement, as the result of the pelitieal
juggling of which this public question has
been made the vietim for over ten years, by
its straightforward statement of facts may
serve tr. open the eyes of some New Yorkers
.? the city has lost throagh brazen and
II . nloae operations of politieians in thi
Legislature, the Board of Estmiate and the
local political arer.a.
? 'ver an.l above the strerruou- assertionr
of the earioua abatructioaiata, who ma I
jus"ify their actions and whoae argumOBta
largely are bair*ep!itting oaer eoBatruetion
of words, towers the fact that the net result
is that they have won for the city another
bunch of lawsuits. that the city itill itaada
perpetually enj.rine.l from touching the
tracks that have been in use there for sixty
years, and that confessedly there is no pros?
pect of any improvement being begun for
many year:. Po any one familiar with the
day-'..-day workings of the I'uhlic Service
Commission, the Interstate Commerce Com
piission and local governments in their rela?
tions with the railroads, the assertion that
the Ne4v York Central might get beyond the
control of tho public authorities is amusing
As time goes on the loss suffered through
the defeat of the plan for vast railroad im?
provements on the gfeat Side <rf Manhattan.
which the Mitchel administration by arduous
labor and consumm: t" *ki!l and persistence
in prosecuting the eit*"*a Interaat achieved,
will herome constantly plainer. All inde?
pendent investigators, citizens without politi?
cal axes to griad ..r peraaaal ambition* to |
serve, including the big civic organizations,
pronounced the plan of 1016 fair to the city,,
a complete cure of existing evils, of immense
beaeftt to the publ'c. ar>d not only a retOB*
tion of every existing munieipal right and
property, mciud.ng aaterfroat, but ? r
ure an.l re eraatioa of much 44-ater f1-" I
and park acreage for public Baea, 4vith ab
<r-Dc? of any moaapoly or obatruetlan to fur?
ther extensior.s or to competition in future
either by the city or by other companies.
Tho railroad company ha* owti".l oa*r'?*,S'
most af its rignt-of-wey along the Weat Side
for over sixty years, having bought the land
when it Wai desolate eow paatBre or marsh
ead N'."-v York wn- ? town ternunating at
Thirtiath Street. Iloth city and state BCtiaely
aidad by legialati**o aeta to aaeare the build?
ing of a railroad 'hat areuld eOBBCCt this city
with th.- OBtaide arerld via Albany. B' d the
city fathers in reeolatiaBi eongratulated ?nd
thanked the railro?d affieiall nnd a'l con?
cerned for the prompt and efficient creation
of the utility.
The c.urts, up to rhe ' ichest in the ?tat?.
have confirmed the railroed'a perrnanent
righta, and to accompl.sh any rational plan
of improvement there must be 3 mutuai
agreemoBl betwesfl the citv ..'.road
eompanj ? hleh tl t mutuai
and righ'? of both, vvi? h en' ghtaaed recog?
nition ..is.. of tl.e raaponaibility of public
?-en iee '1 he Mitchel ? -.-.:., r, ,i
nnd oltimately proeured, tho agreement of
raad te eoi of .ts right ead
liea which bb laaaed itadaati af the
qai * "ii baae declared made tho terms most
':b?ral In fact, emiaent railroad axparta of
numei.ui atl r eoapaaiea thaa tho Kaw
York Central have -aid private! thal they
? h.r'v the CaBtral eaald manar* .
ro "l.reak ? v.n," much le*s maha a dollar af
idditioaal protit. ?ithifl any rea ..n ble time
threagfc ita aetlay af bbwbm of *eo\000.C*J"*
to enrry out the 1916 plan to wlreh it BgTBed.
Local "hoNheviki," headed bv the for
llimaglg"' of America, who recruite.l .. bu ch
trafty and un crunulou oAc
together with all the scnttere.) dreatners, mal
raBteata, ehroalo objeetere, ifaaraetical thee
riata hm.i ahoap aatariaty aaabara though in
? mi*ernble minority both of numbers and
of perrnanent civic interest succeeded by i
new and aaeapoeted weapons la advance of
war was not thoroughly realized till recently
by anv government evcept the Germar. I.
il BBfortaaatC tor the Alliee that the Ger?
man governneai realised it before they did.
beCBBM th:- pr: r ty has been a potent *i"ht
er on the Germar. aide. 1" fact. the p.mci
pa! ingle factors in whatever aBCteei tBS
Germans have attained have been the new
mortars with which they battered in ,*he
tops of the Relgian forts. their novel appn
ances for trench fighting and their unex
pectedlv efficient submarines
Perhaps it is not too late to bring against
the Germans a still newer weapon the tor
i pedo-plane; perhaps it may be permitted us
to hope that, as the Monitor was the effective
answer to the Merrimac. so the torpedo
? plnne may be the effective answer to the
Submarine Decline Insufficient
Much hope ia felt by the All.es now be?
cause of thc apparent loss of effectiveness
of the submarine attacks. Whether or not
i the submarine has been beaten, let us realize
that the submarine is only one of many na
1 val weapons, and that naval strategy recog
' nizes the fact that so long as an enemy^s.
! fleet exists as a fighting force. so long as it
' remains what we call "a fleet in being. it
| constitutes a continuing menace. from which
i an attack of some kind may be expected at
i anv time. For this reason, no mere subsi
' det.ee of submarine activities should blind us
to a deairahiltty of sinking or disabling the
German tleet. ..... _, .
.tasOfl for sinking or disabling a fleet
that ia already practically imprisoned by the
British fleet may not be obvious; attention
: is therefore requested to a few words of
War la merely an endeavor to destroy by
force an enemy's power to make war. either
offensively or defensively. If either side
succeeds in accomplishing this the enemy is
at his mercv. T*ie mere killing and wound
ing of men does not even tend to accomplish
it. unless the killing which one side does
inflieta greater injury on the enemy than is
reeeived from the enemy. Now, in any bat
?le the lide which lose* is more injured ni
i.litv to make war than is the side
which Wias, hs I have heretofore proven
mathematically. For this reason, it ls de?
sirable for each side to win as many battle-*
. as it can, even if each battle is not very im?
portant in itself. Therefore, strategy directs
: attacks against weak points rather than
i against strong points, and endeavors first to
aeeertala where thc enemy's weak points
Now. looking at the government. of any na
; .i(,ni wa ?ee that it may be likened to a
I three-legged stool, because it rests on three
eeOBomie power, military power
:m.| nava1 power. The.,- thr.-e avpperta are
' ioined together, as are the three legl of a
Itool, and are mutiUiliy dependent; but if
any ono of them ia broken, down comes the
j structure, be it a stool or a government.
In the case of Germany there is no ???
| culty in seeinir that the weakest of her three
sunports is her naval power, and that, thcre
i tactics of obstruction and misrepresen'a
tion, tirst. in winning weak members of the
Iioard of Estimate to a policy of delay, and.
second. m inducing the Legislature during
ita tinal rush hours, and later Governor Whit
man, to anprove the so-cal!ed Ottinger-Fllen
bogOB bill. which contained mandatory terms
itely precluding any emieablc Impiwe
r.ient plan. This law provides that the rail?
road must. surreruier and move off from the
right-of-way it owns outright, which it
bought and paid for nnd has used for public
-erviee for over sixty years, transferring its
tracks to other ground for occupancy upon
lease with periodical revaluation, with a sec
ondarv provision requiring that the company
?ubmit to conditions. that easily might sub?
ject it to contiscatory double taxation during
changing city and state administrations.
Apparently any possibility of relief or im
provemeat must await the repeal of this ab
surd state law, adopted ifl haste amid the
clamor of political aelf - MOkeiB.
The alternative. which is inevitable anl
pot by any possibility to be avoided. deapite
the claptrap public announcements and grand
stand plnys being n.ade by those public offi?
cials who have hoisted themselves to power.
or who eOBBtoasaee the obstruction. is many,
many years of litigation, much of wtiich must
cover points already adjudicatcd an?l decided
in favor of the railroad's right to own prop?
erty it paid for.
fhe public has been cheated, deeeived ar.d
treaneadottsly injured by these successful
fakers. ar.d this will soon be generally real
ized. Just as they were unable at any open
hearing on the qucstiohs involved to make
good their wild misrepresentations and to
?v 'he solid suprort of any but the p>-eiu
diced, of the uninformed or the unthinking,
'ii whom their apneal was solely one of fal
?ity and anti-corporation prejudice, so they
i o'.v are unable to .-ive the 'ity of New York
any part of the great benerits guaranteed in
the plan won by the courageous, loyal and
wise labors of Mitchel, Prendergast and their
??pportera. A WEST SIDER.
New York. Nov. 23. 1917.
Germans and the Red Cross
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: It is not another "-roundless rumor"
as mentioned by Mrs. Arthur Frunk, but, alas,
a plain fact that in many a Fifth Avenue
concern everything is done by Gerr-ans and
svmnathizer.* to cripple the good work of the
Red Cross. In tho-e eetab i-hments are
working German feasalea; too mr.ny, ladoed.
v.ho like their I worthy of the
A rumor well spread just now by tho*..'
fl iria.es is that soldiers must pay from $S to
llfl for sweaters made of wool gladly fur- ]
nished free of charge by the Red Cross to the
girls. It is, of course, an infamous lie, an
Other piece of Beebeiaat. if you prefer, but !
v.-ell ca'culated to di courage hundreds of
girls willing to do their bit for the boys, even
after a hard da] a- work.
Searching inquiries n.< to the truth of this
rnSBor are. bound to give hardly a r"-ult, for'
the gOOd reason that in many instnnces thc
fhrewonoB, Btten or drapera of the concerns
involved beiag Boehoa sr aympathlsers, it
>-.ill mean an immed.a',' diecharge for the,
rirl bolper dariag aaoagli to open her mouth.!
And every one acquainted w.th the modes.
f: sluons and dre-smaking in genera' knows I
?ery well how to-day. with the present crisis j
in those tradta, it will he difficult for the |
"gui'ty" girl tO find another position.
im- arriter, roaehiag for what be states :
btlierei a. woald be a good thing for the
Bed l re -, which he ooasfdera the most
bufltaaitariaa institution in aalsteaee, tohav.
i' ted at once in every workroom a plain
notlee oa the ?atter He laggeefo also that;
the names of flrmi refusing mich a poster
I.OBld be given publicity and boyOStted. Iti
would be plto another good thing thar once
in n whi'e delegates af the Re,| Cross should'
tlajt WorkraeCU and give the girls a little
lecture on the sweater-a question.
HENRI Dl LAF1TOLE.
New Y?frk, Nov. 20, 1917.
fore. it is agaiaet her nuv-1 power that th*
maia effort af I I iheold b? dirwt*'
Tho Cermafl aavy liea behind 'efeaeoo aJhhh
l ais. CBflflOt be broken through by diroct
attac'-;. but, like tho walla of a fort ;b th,
oldeB daya, they can be llown over by ??.0.
p'anes, just a; the walls of a fort could be
climbed over by eealisg ladders.
In the ca-e of Oerm.-.ry. although _.T
navy is her weakest support in tht <??,., u
. will be the most powerful aiflgle agency thjj
she will need when the war ii ended (^
many's whole aim in bringing on the ??rty
to secure n Pan-Germany, but a P.n-**..
many without a powerfol navy is incothfc,
able. All of Germany's marvellou* econ^tj,
plans, all of her wonderful army. in cr?? ^.
navy is disabled or destroyed, will -upport
the German government just as effectuilly
BO two lega alone can support a stool, but
no m"re so.
The value of navie' was not cleaMy reco*.
nized unt:l Mahan ma Mihu
has passed away. but the light he l;t atill
shines. By that light we see that tie N'orth.
ern States made the mistake ir our Civil
War of devoting their main effort to the
army; we see that. if they had done th*. r?.
verse and devoted their man efort to th*
navy, merely holding the Boutbera arm? i?
check. they wou'd have blockade I the So'th
, so quickly and so completelv that her metni
', for making war wouU baao been '..ker iwt*
from her almost immediately, We see, ?",?_
! that Russia made a like tr.: take la h<r w*r
against Japan and that ! mere
| ly developed n*r* Japaa'i the
?aaid have blockade.1 Japun -.. I ?'??!.- th?f
Japan would I WOaaj*
from a'l the world. In our war * th Spmin
1 we made no such mistake, an.l therefore***
j fought the war flitb the maximna of 'e.
llalTOBaOl and the minimum loaa of tim*
and blood, a loss of time aj*i blood so imill
| as to be inconsiderable, in prooortlefl Bo tkt
! vast and perrnanent results BChletaA
Sink Ships if l'oesible
In order to realize the BOteacy of naul
[ warfare we must tirt realize that the *ni
I value of naval weapon;-, including the nb.
i marine and the torpeilo-plam . doei mt.rait
: so much on the iajartei they can inrlict u
'on the ditficulty with which thoae m.'unei
, can be repaired. Ships that ara sunk, or
| even disabled. cannot be repaired as quieklj
J as shore stations can. nor ean they be re
1 piaced, like men: and, since th. effort of
! warfare is merely to reduce thi enea*"i
ability to make war, and since modem B?nl
! units carry much greater c-.ticentnte"
i power than military units do, naval Uttlei
! decide issues more quickly aad irrevocibi*
| than military battlei can, as the navil bat
t!es of Manila and I - i -; In?;. nrove. N?
' military defeat now BOeaiblc eoald ir.lure
Garaaaay bi much a- woald the Hp-truttion
; of her fleet. boeaaao that fl t. eald not pos
': lhly be replace.I. an.l withonl lt G?rm*nr
j could not even pretend ta hope to achievo,
I the ambition for world dofll nion with which
I -tarted the 4var or h??? a ?'? - Bgia n'.usibU
reason to pive her people for continuin- ta
i traca it.
Rodin in France
In Midst of War He Looked Forwaii
to Peace and Beauty
To The K.litor of The Tribune.
Sir: The death of Rodin laat week hu
brought or.t the l -h of opinion ind
judgment that eharacterisea all criti-iim of
the min of genius.
We are unfamihar with the nianifetUtiom
of power in art or politica, aro startled by
the phenonu lOB and are WOflt to wranfla
over the meaning of it. Ho much is thil aa
tr.at wrangling may, lf l* takea
as a test of greatness. It^ siiblimatica il
biography. When gefliaa dii - tra h*\t tho
impulse to hunt for h ? sn(";. P*r*n'
thetleally, it ia iaterei . that Rodin,
.lead a few daya, aaa aearlj ? many bio-rra
to hia credit a- WI iatl f,
ThO wranghng an.l gOBeral object.on ta
geniaa ara, af eaarw ? ?labl*.
U'e didn't a-k for it, an.l BO eoald 1*1 oven
:urmise that IB<h h di-turhir.g phenomenon
was due. An.l then, B earod, :t g*n
us more than v.e could ha ? -' ' to a?k
for had we be. n eoBaalted.
That is the value of Bodin. H? f"**? **
more than we C'.uld bave tl i _ for;
BB the quarrel of c I ! ? '* aad
special arritara has been a "?" *u
aerptas. Geniaa lf the lato Karl Man aa*
the wrangling devotees of Y I tkaa
riao will pardoa is surplus i
Rodin himself on thi - . II ? tataw
irif*. Ile iayS| "Genius is as much cliaf*-***
Whether H lays its deft hat..! i ? .'P****
oi var, on deal c!ay or live, c;' '?'?
sets up are eharacti nstic, even an
evitable little group of perfect compreheBBBl
Aa understanding of the ar' i I r***
Frenchman is more than ir' "?*-?"?
point of vu w :
In the mental or aesthetic confl ict tha* nf**
around wars the nactions gener ? ar ?_??"
felt impulses- power, courage. hi "'. ****
eroaitjr aad aaffering manfolly < ed. ****
ie, gai eral ': *'r
there has broken to the *:mo$t
universal impu! r certalJ
sc ???' aomethine; charael ? ' sue
The invasion of Belgium made I i 1 ?vonet
indeeent, tht. sabre ealacious, ai p latai
the clean valor of. di ?' *PB<
thoaabt; thiaga that hav. i ? *"?*??
of character in ali the eon ,r*
Simllarly, thecanfliet thal ladarl
subjects erheil an ack..t.-.4 r ''?;*,
is of fhe eharacter of tbi i " ?'?~~tt
etrlBr.ation from the man ' 'her*
follawa an acrimonious ai .1 IntennitteBt da
bate between tho n< nl ' ?
Vrr. Orundy; Ifl an"' I u5t*
less symbols are forgotten.
Rodin labered Ifl the greateat age *' trl**
lahties, before the w,kr and in I . ' ***
mu'.t'.tu.linous an.l di . r;via|"
t> eaame never to have eo '? "'*
ucderatanding that "geniui ?- ?^ much <"bai>
...ter as t.ii.-iit" iet him aoart among '.-'?4' aa"
And how French be waa, enerferic. deter?
mined. buoyant. He fou_ht his ! ? i'< ****
Namur, hi> MaBI h;s Marne ami Verdun Haa
I Kranchman. And his are 1 r'-ner[
they beleag in every g, o,\ aenae to all th*
"Of the great 4var he eould apcak calauy
and like a prophet.
"\othmg eaaily reaigna ita.lf to death. *s
eutbu:st of courage hi- ju>t tranafe-***"
the world, Can 44e prosene - courr*ai
during peace" The patience of the soldi"*
tho patieaoe af the trenebea, aaasaai I
lubllmit) the atrtee of the arcientr" Shall***"
I ave in study the fore. of -.oul that 4?e ba**
it. this great stn.ggle " That .? the questi**"
We bave reaaBtarad putunce, av.d ** n*
yet to learn what we can expect >'f l?
From the midst of the chaotic al'U-*""
and inconceivable hrutality and ********JJ
the inva*ion that inund_ted hi- country
Rodin could look forward to an era ef P"**
and heautv and patlent virtuoua living
New Vork, Nov, 27, 11*17. ?-? *?
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