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aaa*-> , irvi n |att thr rrathi Newa*-' EaWereatB - \d4erli?emenl? t \\l DXI SDAY, DW EMB1 R ? r'lT - 4 4 m Paat. **> I I ? ataf - I ??? i ? ' , ? ? ' ' 4 - n??*? . ? 4 ' Our Single War Purpose er much wa may ? ard diplon the war, our rr. i clear CTrt and unmistaka* le, Tha after-1 are secondary diary. They are for the future and will depend I think or say DOW, but OB what the situatun il when the W?I il linished. So 1' accoainlish <>ur one deAaite ptirpoae,whieh ia to orerthrow the militanstv autocracy now intrenched jn t! ? Kui'opcir, ' il "f mirjor consequeme to tu what particular rc^c\y. tl boundariea ia Kurope, Aaia aad Africa may come out of B peace ct *.. Pt-eaicknl WilaoB rertatee emphai - .ne immcliato war aim. and it ia um Witt whieh wc I to bc concemed at present- It is that "thia intolerable thJBf of whieh Ihe ma.*; Germany have shown u? the ugly face, this men...'. of combined intri.ru- aad force, whieh WB now see BO elcarly as th" man power, a thing without or honor er capacitj for covenanted p must be eiushed." This mcans that thr German passi^n for egpanaion by conquest must be ,'jbdued and German ability to '.ndulge in world dominion entcrpiv ? the future mu>t ba bobl I The President ba- said more than once that the Ualted States will nol conaerrl to make peBCfl with the powers that b? ifl Germany. He bai pt-oecribed the K and the German raling class aa partici pants in any peace ouiference. H( peated those phrases in yesterday' BgB, and by il BB has now ex | the ban to the reigning monarch and the niling claaaea of Auatria-Hun gary. He I ' to declare war on Austria-Hungary because the Dual Monarchy has vassal <?? many antl ideall . I tcrrori.-m an.l military aggreMion. ln comn. tiing the Ul iMir until the preaenl gorernmenti t f Gennany and Anatria-Hungiry are de atroyed and tbe ayatem on whieh their power has been erected i tered, Mr. Wilson has gone further than the head of a:iy other Allied nat"t. hai ventured to Uo. i, tin, I raace and Italy are bent . military deciaion over the Central Empiree. Bat none of them . an ultimatum like the . t thc pl ? of (iermar.v and Anatria-Hnngary and the .1 . ics whieh sup? port them. Theieia Mr. Wilson bl ?-.right the feeliag l?f UM American ;?? systems like those of 'he Ceatra] . the laal diam, with their secret ti:plom;tc\. their militari tie arrogance and their back v real reapoaaibility to the n a future they tlisp-.-.- of, are tl. nimon ?aaaaai ladaUoaa between nationa, of I and of highei inter* "ational j Iberhood In the American view no laatina- .struct f peace can be built on any other than tbe extirpation of the Hohen Bollern-Hapabnrg n-gimes. That is thc es :ential fcature of President WQbob'i war policy. Such a policy means war tn a finiah in ? aenae in whieh our Eui their purpose t There are c fteea under whieh ? erman Bl I might de defeat and aik for terms, antl un ? Britain antl Italy migbt favor a jxace of eompromise. But 4>ur ultimatum against the two Kaiserx and the politieal orders of whieh they are the heada arottld comped us to bbbbbm any -.ettlenn-nt .-l.ort of the complete eradica t ion of tb? uii>pehkab!t- and intolerable thing whieh govenimcnt as taatdaeti thi-m bai ? if to be. If \sc an '" !' i'-'.>e this paramoui;t alffl and if we are t" jn-isi-t until we -day tiie (iennan beaat, il - of little consequenre ? - Dt, territorial or v,?< bold in abeyance in our minda until ' ' tellectaal i '" ,lf f the uid luaranteeing the recnlta of its ? firal and then - and pe ? non-perml f repni m and n adj -"??' Laal January, before are declared war, Mr Wilaoi ed i proframme of ?peace wnhout victory." Binee we leei victory now that plan I.a* DeCOBN map pHeable. Hut some jarring echoea of it ? 11 tO 1" fouitd in y-ter.lay'H mea* l'urely a - of theory ainl ..;i tv.e part of a non-belligerent it wai competenl for the United Statea to ap ? January th." formula of no in iemnities ainl no annexationa. Bai bi ? pradent for ui to tie Ivei down to lUch ? formula. We cannol be true to our main purpoae of l'\terniinating li rniam an-i Haps burgimn and al I thae deprecate ir.terference with the territorial boun* or ".- ternal affi i " of Gennany and Auitria-Hungary. Wo do interfere in an extreme wah the "internal a/Taira" of Germany ai I Aturtria-Hungary when we declare that ? ? German an l Auitro* Hungarian impi ind to bud . IBcient deapotiam of Ger* tiam oi Aue* Bungary. The I Hapaburg ia about all that holds the Hapaburg domin . ions together. I'r. the Hohen zoHenis are the keyatone of the German Krrpire. 1'" we destroy I'russianism, if we dethrone William tb.e Second and thc Emperor Charlea, are do m ich more to dta niembor the Central Kmi?irt's than if we merely asiiated in cutting BOme slice.s off their present territorial boldingS. Alaace U rraine mighi ? restoretl t" France, and a new kingdom ot Ptoland might be createdi embrat P in nnd t, of Weal Pruaaia. But such partitiona would affect the raal I'russia lay even le>s than would a re\olu lion, forced from without, whicfa should oy Prussian kultur and the whole equilibrium of Prnaalan life by rooting [out Junkerism, imperialism, militariam ..-I all the other cheri bed Pruaaian i ?? ceptions of government. The Italian provincei of Austria might ack to Italy and Tranaylvania and Pukowina rnigi.t be turned over to Ru mania without unsettling tho Dual Moii archy half so much a- the elimination of the cementing and centrallzing infloence of the Houie of Hapaburg would unset tle it. , 1/et oa forget, therefore, al! diitant formulas for peace aettlement whieh may dilturb us in the piXMCCUtlon of our one deflnite war purpoee. Let us concentrate on the war. Preaident Wilson has wiscly reaponded to thc public demand for a dec iaration of war on Austria-Hungary. We linkcH together for elimination the two mediaeval governmental machinea whieh plunged thc world into war antl still itand as the worst obstacks to a just peace among tho nations. Soon we shall link with these two offemlers the impo*t sible Sultan and the treacheroni Ferdi* nand of Bulgaria. The downfall ol ar royal houses and the deatruction of tiie military re tourees at their command are a sufficient task for us. We have pietlged ouraelvea to it in the intereit of Uurting peace aad international Bolidarity. What must be ;'.one to force reparation to Belgium, Ber* bia. Rumania an.l other itatd overrun by German armies and to free from Gei many'i dutch the vaual nationiwhich she ' may well be left to the ?uture. Mr. Wilson .,poke of the reeon struction of Poland in the same breath almo.->t in whieh he spoke of no territorial annexationa at the expenie of the Central Powers That only ahowi how futile it li to try to lay down any hard and fait rulea for guidaace in the readjuatmentaI whieh will follow thc war. There will, . ? territorial reconstructiona for (i.-rmany's benetit, if Germany wins. Why announce in advance no reconstructions on the Allied sitie, especially .sincc, as thc PreaideBt says, justice to all is to be the watchwortl of a peace terms conference? I.et us keep our peace conference powder dry. To win ia the main thing, and it is the > ut.-tanding merit of the President's mes BBge that it reemphasizes the unrelenting t haracter of our war on the German gov ennaent as it is and on the German people in so far as they are represcnted by it, ami further, ineludes witb.in the seope of our main war purpose tho scrapping cf Au? tria-Hungaiy's equaliy obstruetivo and only leaa prtdatory autocracy. What Do They Want? Once more tho neus comes from Wash? ington that "while A'imiral Benson be lievi-s a naval ofTensivi- is tloomed to fail ure," some "younger oflicers" are of an? other opinion. ami that "sub'le plBUUH" is now at work whieh. il :?< tlNNlght, "will eventually eai.se Great Pntain to tiepart from her tit-feiisne prorrainrne." More OVBT, it is iaid that certain "prominent fwvajnuneal officials" an- eeisadOafj of Um "gruwing sentimenf* in fa**Of of a naval tffensive, and believe it ' i< having its i ffect-" la it not high time tu inquire into the. origfo of thia pcrflifltflnl rumor'.' Who ?ro tha Mprominernl fovfliruMOl oftieials" who fecl thi- "fltlbtlfl presMiic," and what I* thfl plan propoflfld by thr "yotmgvr otli . ?M's" who ar.? bent on "forcing BrHflin'a liiiM.l," ta wfl are told. "despite the opposi tion of Admiral BflUflOp"? There must ba some motive behind all this miachiflTOOa talk, somo ilt'liberate ef? fort t.? undflrratfl tlie work of thfl Allied navics, for what purpose it is diffictilt to Hfljr. Morfl than a montli ago Admiral Sir Cyprian Hridge nforro.l to the matter in ? tfltter to "The I>aily Telegraph," of London. "A fliflDd of mine," hc wrote, "who in thfl early WCflJu of the war was rent by Ottr government 00 ? special mis ?ioti tfl thfl United StfltCfl, where he re niained for thfl best part of two yoar< WTfltfl to tnt' flfl far back as thc tirst i|uar ter of 1915 dflflcribing the porsiftent man m-r m which thr Hnlish Bfliry flfU Bfling held un to eontempt. It waa no use aaying that thii was due to Um nMndadiiM of the flnemjr'i propaganda. Peoplfl i,r" dnccd Britiflh autliority for their con IflCnptaoua remarks." \\,. nMd not, then. rcgard the current rumci's ;i. necossarily of (icrman urigiti. oi conclode that th.- Msabtk prflflflow" whii-h has lately bflCTI brought to bflflr il led to help or fivfl comfort to tlie enemy. Hut i' ia reaflonable at leaurt to ln quire into thc purp.-se of this aubtlfl piflfle ure and t.. learn, if poaalble, what the, "younger omcer?" amnt to .1... 1'inally, who are theae "younger oiBcera*? Our Society for the Suppreasion of Unnecessary Occupations It || ;i small itcm. hut we (iflfl it for what it is WOrih. IVrhaps other heart protestanta will be moved to stand op .-id hit Other headfl, large or small, hut equally unnccessary. With all thc urgent need of labor, of handi ami head.-, male. female, too young, .I.i. enything BO kng as they can do .ennething, much. a little, flnything, what . m done tn ?uppresfl those most usc leflfl of all human beingfl, hat-check boys and waph-nwm boys'.' So far as our ?>b ?ervfltion goea, not one single jot. Thc hat-check boys are perhaps the more celebrated in song and story. Hut the wash-ioom boy is quite as irritating Bii inatitution and, if poflflible, a ahade more superfluous. What he does of an flctoally useful naturfl nobody haa ever reported. Perhaps. once or twice a day. in a secret hour, hc washes something or other or sweeps up a bi!. Hut through the lonjr. long day. when gucsts are com? ing and going, his toil is no more than lhat of any hungry ?t He rubs against hifl victiras' shins and purrs and blodtt you off from the wash-bowl you want. and roreci a towel on you that you don't want and lies down on the floor to make sure that. you oannot altogcthcr overlook him ;? you (0 forth. His hungcr is ea>ily satiatcd with the ;ma!lest tipping piece known to New Vork. ;? dime, We never heard of one who act tially bit and scratched and snarlc.i. But if looka were elaws, most New Yorkera would havc long since been scarred from head t'> foot Aa eharter membera of our club we nominatfl thc wash-room boys. On theii hflfllfl should tread the hat-check boys. Boya they are ealled. but that ifl only our American pretence by which we excuse ourselves for Ufling able-bodied men for such work. The two races are easily of draft flgfl. Let them at. least go to work for the duration of the war. "A Hardy Myth" ;,.. wt I ?? '??? Ommrtt*) All fltoriea which malicious gossips may have apread ahout American officers or sol praadiaf themselves" at the front may bc .li mi nl with eaateaapt. In a recent visit to France I heard nothing hut thc warm flat pralafl of thc Americans, and especially of thc modesty and simplicity of their behavior. I araa told overywh.re that the American itflff officers had made thc best imprcssion. So far frflBB daairlag to toaeh othcr pcoplr their baaiaaai or boasting what they wcrc going to do before they had begun, they Ararfl qaiel to realizc the, newnes." and diffi culty'of the war problem* under present con ditiOBa andNnodestly anxious to learn ev.t;. - thing paflfliblfl from tlie o.perienee of British aad French. Peace (New Zflaland?1917) la i .1.1 tad road Hnd flowercd way. The lamaaer evening f.lls with gold; An.l ifl the drewey curving bay Saa whispers creep into their fold. AlOflg thfl calm suburban street I.ie gar.lens hedged from storm and sin; There slowly and with soundless feef Paaefl laadfl thc nun-likc twilight in. Among his flowers' unyielding foes Tho pard^ner stoops to bloodless war, 'Varm beauty plucks the tired rone. And care-frec players call thc rcore. In benediction falls the night, Friest of the kindly quiet !iour?; The wlfldflWa' peareful ipears of I.fcht Are roucher1 against the sleepinf flowers. Itemote within the unscarr'd gate, We ' ..')? cup flf case, For tflrlxt ns and the awords of hata M.inh lerrions of the vassa! seas. Bu_ dislance from the battle crr, The .surface srr.oothncss of our round. The pafrean*r\- of rarth and sky, Thc anodyne of sight and sounrl Of what avail aro these to turn The thrust of one wcak orphaned hand, Or dull the Histant fires that burn Across tho angulsh of a land? A chF.d's ery wour.da the a'.eeplng nifht, Wan ghosts come thronging In the gloom; The hosts of peace are pvit to flight, And horror fil!.= the guarded room. Far better thst one mlf;ht, near To that vast sgony, forge', tbfl I 'W r.t mOpt ard fear And endl ?- flflil of d'lty set The flfllfl flhfll tieach'rois iifltflflflfl Viflgl POf thflfla v.l... oflljl stand and wait, Daalfld thfl l.-.ini that action brmgx The fcttir. l aa4laa<fl of fatal ALAN g MlLtaAN, Aucklmid, New Zialsrid. A Gagged iVlinority 7V Grrman Prrss Hdd Up as an l.xamplr of Irre SpeBxh Tt, ti ? Editer af Tba Ti Sir: ln thia "land af tba free" ? u.od to tablag our liberty far graBted tiiat ara ara laefedBlei ?? ' ??*' ' ? ,>""'<* ,,,'t tba CaaatltatioB "-":r praaerlba that fraedon of apaach aad af tba praaa ihall not ba abriaagadl Tbe tr ? ,. pablie eritieiaai of tha geverBBaeat, the n^'ht of B tninortty to Bfl Beard, tdo pawer ef th. Baajerity ta eampel the Preal* dent and thr I BBgTI Ifl te tBBd l.t'lund thrni. tbaae ar-' the rery pri lappealtloaa of de raeeracy. Tel ? ? i raBaeat la aew aader takmj* not only to COerce individuals into ailaace, bai avaa ta aappn i tba pn great politieal part]. In averp oae af the ararring aatie ' Earopa tba gavaramai I i i I." ,,v,'r throwa ay tha legialatarea ami by tha peo* ple. It is only ni thia demoeraey thal the governmeal elaima tha pawer to i until the ead <>e tha arar. In ?-' i many tha aew Chaacellar aeceptad offiee only after learaing that he would be ai abir \e thi Ra el tag, oi a third of ?lactora ara Boeialiata. ln Praaefl a Soei I Id Preaaiei aaa jaal bob beaa displaced bi eaaaa ba I aa laagar truated bj tha late, aad la aueceadad bj bb aged radical, whoae repatation was enhaoced hy tha aap* ?... ..n of bb Bewapapei by aa earlier raia* ; . \ ?, ,..-., .,. renenl will soon fellow in Praaee, aa il will Ib Italy. Thf Britiah geverBmeBi haa been orerthrown nnd tbe Cabiaet haa been eoBtiBaally al* tared to Baad the deauunJa of th? i ? The preaeal Premii r, oaca a radical agitater, arill -"tin 1"- dl-."ir.letl. In Ruaaia tha greal ?' thc world'a peoplea havi beei Soeiali ;t eoraraonwealth. Hut hero in the United Statea tl.Beial praaa of tht- Soeialiat parl for maiataiaiag priaeiplea nearly doraiaanl i; garope,aad likel I ? doaaiaaBt hora it. well as there. A natural eonaequence of tbe Buppraaaioa of tho Boeialial Bawapapara i- the aekBowledged i ? ? r a earnbl* ?atien af th? old-liae partiea ia order to defeat tho Boeialiata ia tha Cone-roeeieeal elcctlona Of next year. Bul wh.n the capi Ulistlfl da pregatad their ultimate dcparture ia sure. l bbi led tt. wnt.. thl letter froai raflae* tiaaa eaaaed bj the eoateata of papera laat reeeived fron Eagiaad. "Thfl Tlaaaa" re* ports a Menaber af Parliameal aa aayiag, "Tha appoaitioa to peace eonea ehiefly from profiteera aad their Jaekala." "The Maa* r Gnardian" eloaaa an editorial article with tba wordai "Tbare ar.. some aaaoag our govoraora who think thal every time they tranapla apon a Britiah libert* they are de feating the enemy..rhe Nation" apeaka of "the atrr.osphcre of illusion m whieh the Priaaa hfiaiatar Ihraa," an.l Thfl Bpeetator" of his. "fraatic Bgottan." No one who carc* wiaelj for hi^ country can regartl with BBtisfaetiofl the fact that the praaa ia laaa eaalaved m Eagiaad aad in (iermany than in the I'tnf.'.l Sta .1. McKEEN CATTELL GarriaoB*oa-HadsoB, N. T., Dee. 8, 1117. Objections to National Prohibition To the Editor of The Tr ; Sir: Ellaaboth Tilton'i pl-a in to-day's Tribune that thr newly enfranchiaed women af this atate ahould naa their influeaca on behalf of national prohibition ignorca cer? tain vital facts in eoaaection with theaeheme for foreing prohibition upon the country by th? vatfl af Btatfl Legialaturea reapi ting h minority of the people. By the enactnient of tba Webb*Kehyon law, giviag ihe states eompletfl eoatrol of the interstate trtiflic ifl liojBOra, CoBgreaa has given each state the power t.i axclude all liquors from its territory. The Reed "bone ,lry'' law, enaeted thia year, raakea it a ffllonv to ship liquor into prohibition itatea. These laws rnablc the atatafl t.t he as tlry as they chooae, and ovrn those prohibition atatea whieh permitted the importation of liquor for personal use will he Btadfl "bone tlry" so far Bl thc shipment of lii|iit.r from wet territory ia concerne.l. There is, there fore, not the slightest BXCUflfl far further action hy Conpress. The real raaaofl Why the prohibitionists advocate the Sheppanl anientliiifnt ifl thc fact that under the system by whieh the lonsti tution is ebaaged it la poaaible to aaeara the adoption of that amoridni.-nt by a minority of the voters of the country. In votinjr on amendments a atate wlth tOfitQ retert'coaata the same as a state with FtOO.OOO. Thus, Navada. whieh east ahout iOjttt votea at thc late Presidential aleetiOB, would count as much as Illiaoia with 900,000 rotera, Ari? zona, with* 23,000 votes, would he t-tjual to N'ew York, with 1,600.000. Thirty-six states have a population of 16,000,000, while the twelva other atatea have M40O.000. If the thirty-six state Legialatarea should ratify the prohibition amendment ;t WOBld he adopted, and thc M\000,000 wt.ultl he BBB* Jaetad, in a matter eoaeernlng their paraooal taataa and habit?, to thc rule of the I6,00b> 000. As stated by Senator LodgB, of M.tssachu setts, in thc debate on thfl Sheppanl BBMBd* ment, a Btaading army of 500,000 men could not preveat eider baeomiag hard, or alco holic; avine from fernientintf: or thc illicit production of mooBahiBa whiakay. BTATE CONTROL New York, N'ov. L'7. 1017. ._ Red Service Stars To the Editer of The Tribune. Biri I think the Buggaatioa of N. s. S in to-day's Tribune to substitute fl rad -;at in the aervice flag for a blue one, to how the death of any one occurrinfj in thl of duty of thc -ervice. is the correct -.ohition of this problem. I was much struck, arbilfl in Ottawa, Caa* ada, last summer, at B church aervlee, m see inj; tlisplayed a "Koll of Honor" in the nave giving a list of the communicants of that church who 4vere in the service. The names were engrossed in black ink, but opposite those who had died in the line of duty | rad star had been placed. This was neat. digai* fled and very impressive |a its sim? Possibly the idea might he extended to thc M r--.ee flagr, of changinj; a blue itar for a man who is in active service to a small red fm<a ahould he become deceased, but on the whole i am inclined to think that tha sim pler chanj*e from a blue star to a red one is the better. Tha matter is an interestinir one and will soon become one of importance, an.d I think an exchange of viawa most dcsirable. In ra* own offlce, that of the Military Trr.ining ("amps Association, \4e have a service flai with ten atara, runninj* from major*. to pri? vatea, and we feel very much interested in the subject. ARTHUR t. COSBY. New York. Dec. 1, IflT. A Challenge To the Kdltor of The Tribune. Jsir: ln your paper a few days ajro a lady proposed for men a "smokeless" da;,. Now, I ahould be the first to Bgtea ta if thc ladies and their children propeeod lo them aelves a "randylesa" duy. Take I tion in Rochestt-r. The BVaalag papera yea terday announee,! tbe .irr. al of thraa c?rs of *ugar for the cantly factorie*, and yet for over a vaeek moat if i;..t m\\ 0f trt?. Ifrocert of Hocheater h:i\,- been without aufar! 08CAI 1'AKDO. ' Roch**t*r, H. Y., Uec. L\ 1917. The Menace of Peace A Timcly Precedcnt Ciled from thePteat of Faint-Hearted Pacifisls in thc '60s By George Haven Pulnam i ESIitfli "r Tha i rlb m ? i hfl -etereai af th? ' ? ? il u'" period 11?-.,}] te the eitiaeafl ef ta i lothi 9*n" rratioa thal al rarieei erltleal I nsi 'i"1" I >h? war il. adflocfltflfl for an InaflMdiatfl peaee v.r.. bi tranaaas, "* Ben ted aa lhay ara t-day. Then u now thc peeplc who warfl elam oring thal "thfl war was bapflleea," lhat ther? irei aa pec Ibllitjr af flVBreomiag th? flaemli Repnblie, 'hut lt Wflfl thfl duty of the President and af th? country to aceepl vith.Hit rietory." wam awda up of t. o elaaaaa: th.in ; n.l tha direct rapri tal ?? af thi i ;. deraey, aoek ea Vallaadifhani aad h Knighta af tha Golden Cin aYeel and Beajamin Wood and hi "Da ? '???'?'? ?" ::, New V..rk, doing what they eonld * volanteeriag, to ohatrael tha draft, to incltfl -'i Ikea and rle4 aad to blocl I aa; hm.I followiag ? . ?hriahiag froai ? ',,.:'.n-ni. aad in aridflly dl trlhatad "appeals people" that Aghtiag waa vriekfld, ;ftnl ihonld b? adjnatad not by flflfl argutn. .'ll Theae puid em ' righted i r.. irorhing togethi r for the cause .." tha CaBfederney; they were aliha serring tha pnrpoee "'" ' aldiag antoeracy. 'ihe damora for ? peaeefnl settleaicnl which began in July, 1861, after th? Bnl I.um, were renewed with freah b . iftar Hooki rt defeat al Ohaa ? . ille, >nd in Jnne, 1864, aft?r Oraat'i rcpalflfl at Cold Harbor. l.incoln's Firmnes* Ihi Preaideat, aarrying aa bia ihoolden all the Wflight of the war, flTfll ealled upon to liatta ta ilelefjulions of long-haired men and ?-hort-haired women who crowded to tlie V. IiHfl Mflflflfl i" give to poor evflrbard Llaeola "a message from the L'.r.l in l.< ball ..f peace." l.incoln's reply throurrh all the w.uy four ?.??ar- waa 1" ?nbataaea thfl same: "This war ?.? ,- begun with a purpose tha aaviag of?tho Repahlie aad, pleaac God, it shall bi tinued until that parpeie ia eeeoBrpliahed." Lincoln had auda clear in many statcments ?I,:.' the war could be brourht to an assure.l ? that would prevenl thc rani ? al . f war in thfl near future only threvgfa tflfl removal of thfl eauM that worked far war. It was. said Lincoln, the system of slavery r.r.d thc attempt to flcakfl alavery a national iaetead of a l.'cal inatitation that had rr. ,,t...l thfl elearage between thc two aectiona of the country. ' BritairTs Spokesmen Are We Obliged to Accept the Opinion of Lord Lansdowne? I.. thc Kditor of The Tribune. Sir: The letter of Lord Laaadawnfl in "Thfl Daily Telegraph" eomea as ? blow ta us, not only as Ainericaiis. but alflfl as udmin-i- of tha Britiah people for the tremendone affert they havc put fonvur.i "to vindleatc the prin cplcs of peaec aad juatlce . ? ? aa agaiaat aelflah autoeratic powflr" tfl aae tha worda oi Pteaident Wilaon'a proclamatlon, To hear tha inggeation made that th.- Oi rman go?ern ment nnd th.' German people are ta yel read;. "to suhmit future diapfltfla to arhitrat ion," to enter "into an International paet" er "into rccaga keep thc peace," tahea aa ao far bcyond ull rflfli rn tnHt v.c Aie liataning to some drhrel of Lord Hai dana nnd bia ".-piritual home m GflnBaay" ai soeiatea. Wa ICCBI to bc back again in the years im-1 ?. |j preeeding 1614, when thfl idsa pr< vailed in En**tiflh political eirelei thal fair aorda aad a gencrona ipirit were all that) i . r. neeeaaary to briag Gcrmaay ta n Aad this after all the horrors and the alflfl ugain^t baaaaaity that she has pcrpetrated during thc laat threc years! Can we, dare we. hope that these men do | not sneak f..r thc virility thal mmt of aa still believe informs the Britiah l.o.ly politic'. | .... lunk alaewherc for its assertion ? !"or the wor.ls that aie baeh af the splendid j end hereie deedi of Engliah ealor before tbe incmy? Perhapa wa may Bnd it happy the, day! ln thc men af phyaieal strcagth aad af [?naophiatieated thiakiag, rather than among the politieiaaa and the high setvants of state. I or I read that \V. Hariy Goflling, president; i thfl Britiah Trada Union Congreai in 19161 _nd of thc Tranflporl Worker.-' Pederation in j 1917, has reeently aaid, not, it \a true. in ' aorda and phraaaa aa beautifully turned aV :i. those af Lord Lansdowne, but all the more heartening becau.?e af their simplicity: "Of thfl exaet tarmi and eoaditioaa aa which I . aefl niay evenU.allv bfl concTu.le.l I do not I Hut the workiiiL'men of Kngland know ( that if all aar aaeiiflca ia aot ta bc la rain tbara can only be one flad, and that lfl the ctmplctc orerthraw af German tyraany. For tl at wc are willing t.> ga an Aghting just aa long as aeeoeeary. II li tha aaflflfltifll eondi? tion to future woil.l lafety." And he eon tianeai "A half rietory, aa Ineonelaahre peaee, a icttlcment which settlad nothing, al patched-up truce und. r which the nations lad breatnlng time to reeanip themselves for eenfliel aa ? still more U rriblfl eal< that would be the erowning dlaaater.n A diaaater it eertaialy wenld bc. "La Vhs tairc Intcgrale" mnat DC our programme. Xothing less will earry aa thrvngh. Auto eratic power la still domhaaat ia Germany. Indeed, it has made headway through and by BtaaaU af thc war; aad any peace made by ei.mpromise will only add to ita feree. If German military power remaina unbrbken .id bai a eeaeelidated "Mltteleurepa" upon whieh to ba-e its militarv aad ccor.omie power ..:, 1 from which to draw ita men all the ae. of the paa-Germaaiati an lc; the Barlifl'Bflgdfld rallraad, ? Ger manited South America ami B (ierman India ia Africa. "All ethieal eanalderatlaaa are compieteiy' alien to the state. and the state mu<t there? fore resolutelv keep them at arm's length" [a thc bataet form in which GcrBBflflic coctrine has bcen formulatcd. In view of this. Lord Lansdowne haa done tiic greateat ,',?qpp.mcc to the cause af thc Allies and to I thfl cause of America by writing his 1." - Knowing. as he must do, the weight that at- I 'i.ches to his name. And he has bflamirehed ra land in such manncr that ita well ?n can only hope that hc may bc swiflly ::rid compieteiy repudiated. RICHARD GOTTRIIL New York, Dec. 1. 191T. "Earnest Appreciation" To the Editor of The Tribune. S r: The carnera and clerks of the Harri on (N. J.) postoflRcc wiflh to thank you for t ?y.ur splendid editorial in behalf of the ti pleyi - Nothing can do more to?help us rcee:ve the much needed incre.,-.,- ifl >aiary thau good, aound editorial comment, such na appeared ? , ?? lierember 1. We bflffflby aapraaa <>ur mocl earnest appre c ation for thc etfort' J uu have made to bet- j W th' conditiona of t'nclc Sam's descrving I workers. the postal cmplayafl JOfgPH EUCEBRHOODi Secretary. | llarrison. N. J.. Dec. 1. 1917. , BVfl andei ..??.-, ace had bad tl - t wa) tl a aal f.'' the .South would have BBtablisbed th?lr atate wuh slaverv R< th" eoraei I Rapnblic '-a-.j!'! hava baaa ..r r,.,?Miblv into four. C ? rhe eontinent woald hava baea ei j bo mdai iaa .".ml wlth tai ai .1 burdened ??? I ?n five the four yaai ! ' ?-. than to aeeept f'.r hai' . tury or rnora :i eonditlon of arar. Englaad and France are t,,.,lay pr. ', reeogniu that tin- death <<' bbi Rapablic vould hav. baea \ nisfortui ? ..rld. The Pliaaple of Kusaia Wa have tu-day la the conditit aia aa eaample of the dlaaatara that eaa be brought about when the direction of Bai ip of nt an.l oftaa seitish theoriata, work it.tr under the sugfresiion if not directly un ?- inatruetioaa of the i ' tbelf ? l he Bghti i '? re for without victory" an- atreagtl tha handa aad n rving tha eaaae of thi i brutal milil that I world 1.^ Lord aideration bv th,. AUiaa af taraaa for ? i and for ,t r. rtati raent uf the r c . . ? '.<.i .? to Berlin. fnrireN that an l I itatel for whieh the AJIic; ar.- Sghtiag i Iready baea m:..).', and that tha eonditiona hava baaa reatated 44 ith admlrable eli 1 aad ferea bv Praaideat Wilson. He I that no atatemeat of terms has ever been 1 from (iermany. Thc Itataa of the \.ar for the maintenance of eivilicatioa pgalast the asaanlta of orgaaiaad Larbarism :?? at this point very similar to that in June, 11 for tb Repablie. The enemy ha.s been chcckcd, but not over come. Hia reaeenreea in men nr.d in mate? rial aro comiag aearer t.. axhaaatioa, but he || able on the fightinir line to make a show of strenRth. The .1".-.- "fi rest.i upon Ftayinir power. upon will und nervee, Civiliaatien cannol emlure with the atatea world half llava und half free. The will power and the nerva power af tba voters for freedom must show taeiaaeivea patient 1 nousch and atrong enou^h to overcome the barbariam of the Hun. GEORGE HAVEN PUTNAM, Late Major, I'nue.i States Yolunteers. New York. Dec. I, 1017. Knitting in Public Quiet Needles as Contrasted With Restless tnthusiasts To the Editor of The Tribune. , Sir: Coaeernlag thc letter lieadcd "Kr.it I Concerts," whieh appeared in this morniiig's Tribune, 1 should like to point out one or two anjrle.s- whieh, I fear, could not occur to thc writrr. gaatleman seems to be between two eoocern : one for his own comfort, and the other that thc knittcrs may miss the mes from the Almighty whieh ifl being trans mitted through tiie artist. Noise at a coneert is obviously discourte ..11 and needs no discussion, but the quiet inechanical movements of knitting can only -tracting to the type of person who ear.BOl concentrate, thc I ypc v. ho would like Caraegie Hall and the Philharmonic Orches tra to himself for the afternoon. I bave frequently watched audiences at eonceYtfl to note their rcaction to different forma of music. Gatberiaga of men are like tbe laavaa ef the trees. There is ali Blight uniiercurrent of motion, an intinites imal rustling, faint -tirrinfrs of B force imperfeetly tamed. There are the beatinj* tim? af thc BB ealled enthusiast, the foot tapping ami twitchings of the borctl or ner the parpetaal ahiftiBg of position. I dar. aay wijcti these waste movements be? come direeted aad aeefal, as in knitting, they make B 8801*8 abvloua butt for the pent-up in ' tbe BOrvoaa per.son. Have these women no homes to knit in? Balvely aaka feet eoaTeepoBeeat, Evidantly his imajrination does not .suirifest. that they have other thiaga to do at home than knit. I. for laataaea, tlo not claim to be a "society aromaa." I am busy from early in the morn? ing until, often, late in the evening with my household, my baby. welfare work and the fulfilliag af many duties af lonjr standing. I ha\e 110 time to knit at home, but I hava made quite a number of parments for the BOldiera in the subway, on top of 'biis,-. and in other moments whieh would other ariafl I... waated. Coaeert kaittiBg comes, in ?ei- degree, untler this head. Every busy woman requires recreation. The BM* chaaical movements of knitting do not in terfere with her hearing the music and she makes double use of her time. Thc alemeat of ostcntation is too petty to merit discussion. If it does exial merely in a minority 4vhich does not affect the i-sue. and it exi>ts larpely. I sus ?. the point of view of the eritieal on iooker. The question of discomfnr'. to my mind, BBrraWfl tlown to the supcrsensitive annoy aflce of the crank as opposed to the rea! BtlfTering of the soldier in neetl of warm gai ineata. Aa tt. tba Almighty1 - I approach the subject with frreat diftldence and awe. There BTfl thoae who claim personal me? BBd even point out messajres to other*. Bl Hy. I should have a hesitancy to do either, but that may be a matter of tempera nient, ar.d to the contrary you have the 4\ei|'ht of many illustnoiu persons. Ne\4 Y..rk. Dee. 8, 1017. E. H. I>. Check Knitting at the Door To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Havi*i|* read with interest th. ? !. nt letter of Mr. Malkan in your : tr-day, I Wfitfl to ask if it would be 1 le for managrcrs of coneert halls to plfl !t i acards la tbe lobby requestingr that kait t.njr outlits bc checked befor. ciiteri'l| hall? If this is impossible, could not the u>h BM be instructed to ston thp kaittiBg while th*1 muaic is goinfj on ? These hyataiical women who flouriah their arnis and hantia find diatunb every one by the chekinjr of the reedle* should be made to understand that true patrioti^m consists in self-iacntice, not in geekinp notoriety. Far be it from BM I > Hnder thc knittinir only let it be kept \' here it bclongs. in the private hom"- or place where it will not annoy others. Tbe women of the Revolution did not flaunt ia public, nor did thov have their picture-a ln the Sunday papers; they unaeltishiy tiiti tl'eir part in silence and privacy. Cannot th v omen of to-day follow th*>ir exanmle? Or muat they continue to make exhibitions of tiifmselves. alnce thev cannot ahne in any atbet way ? ANGELINA COMFORT. New York, Dec. 3. 1917. The Negro in Chile ' I listory Is Offered in Reply to Vh\ De Saulles ' The Trlbi [)e Saulles, who has be?r. rtctit, 1/ acqu.tr/>.I of the rnarge of murder, ?fc_. hcing exammcd a few dnys ago and askcd tf I flttandfld thfl < arrran trial ar.?J *W there, raplied that akt ma ?' ? ? testify." Asfej neant b "i.lark thing," she. repli^. . nig Asked if that was th* way tk, country rrf?rrad to tokrw ' theti fl ? ' irmat on of '*? Da SaalW at whfl tka iry of her 'f \mm ' vra?t \f. i'.^'.hoa earrW H- _rl- u F'riara had a c*. they *ook ear* ??* Indiaa itr. f thia m? _nd are r | .'?'? ttimt " biarks af I. or had - among *hsa ' that ttan ? i *ho eaat ' ' P^W. ' i. * -?_, ? of tk? ' ' ' ' bila, m4 That 1 1|M allol. In ' " h> Ckarka ? Tkh !>___( born ' ' ' aaid tktn 'vto aa4 ? .'4*r w rangen aad all made ?t . | reeds; he had d .g a ditck 'i eaas af reTflT, kfl*a ' bad eear, hut h.s ch;ef comfor' to rest ia tha thou;- ? ' d< arly A tkact I traTtllai ? .. ? in thc night; if they had been a*ara af .'?i h:i fav beet a'aagk ti r.d. I did not ' a mors crefll r.nd obliging man thi negro; tt mm ? -. 'ore the more - iee that Vt woald ? ' ' -??" Ar.o ?* ; ' this part of ChQt ?i ara ' ' Aide* ta Ftfendoza; the one most romraonly ests namely, that of .. or L'spollata ? tated aom< -the otkw, ?1 the Fort. I >? south and neir er. but more lofty ?? r->u*. . . , Thc eusl '? .1. wkk* was perhaps partly owing to ,v-? pasaaeft 1 ?.. hich the President of the republ.c had firse but I must express. my admiratiee at tural pohteness of almost every CkaV i no. Li this ir.star.ce th* rontrast witk tka . . of men in most other countriei strongly rr.arked. I may mentin H anecdote with which I was at the tim? aaek ed. We met near Mendira a littla aad very fat negress. riding astride on a aak had a goitre so enormoui that it aaa , ly nossible to avoid gnzing at her fw .ment, but my t'.vo compamons almoit ia stantly, bj way of apology, made the rsa mon talntfl of the country by taking off thetr Where would one of the lower ?f mgher classcs in L'urope have shown MMk feeling po!:tf.-j aa te a poor ar.d raiserablae^ ? af a degrsdfld ra TbflM eitatlons refutc Mrs. V* Saollea'j statement that "We don'* ha-.e thaa. ia my country." meaning negroes, and alle ihe* that il lt?? ?aaKa rope there are many people of culturt aad breeding. BRUC*\ Pn ildcat Negro Baciety for Hiatorical le? rch. ferk, Dee I, |>1T. Christmas in Prison-Shadowed Homai To the Kditor of The Tribune. Sir: May l aga.n this year br'tig ta tha ?- the plea for help flfli -ympathy from thc prison-shadowed hoflfl n we -hall try to bring a little j?r aad comfort this Chriataflflfl aaaaafll My ?* ? la the big aa all over this coi has brought me in touch :.ot only witk of thfloeaada af mea rl ^*n I < ?-. -1 _:_ _*_.!;?.. * ... ? rAm tht*v ot thousanda of men ,; ?*r*,wm ?hcir families. to v.hom they seal me in the hour- of l overty or *? spair that fall >?. cru. l.y to their lot TW man in rr . . ? r.r, feel r.nd -helter whil ?' ' hil teT* but the wife and little onea at home ha** often to face cold an.l hung?-r and ara the innocent victims of an undeaerred fate. For years we have tried t,i g'.addan tka? We don't call them toftt-tr fl join in one big dinner. That. of cosrei. would be impossible and would not b? a laat !p. Our method il to pack b f Chn* mas boxea of groc>i ? " '??" ??* A- each family's need is inveatigalafl we ara able to provide juat what th?y eaat Bteat, ^y There itill i ing- :n rr." ear? tha wo** little voice of one of the .-msli ehildrea aa . .1 before Chriatma . She was onlya tiay child, bu' ? "?"? 9 tinier ones in th. r two roomed homa o*m methi 'r' w*a be no Christi ? ***j,"? Santa Claus is dead '?' '**", raadara al thia a ' "'?'' t0 "?"?_*: ta i iaus for the hur.dreds of litUa aam I know this y-ar the work will b? Wm rrer ba ea - ? ? r.ancal "*'' gaiag to anawer the great need la ?? stricke:: coui.tr. . ?'.| cannot w ,r regrct for a moment the ******* help to other '.ar.d . but oh. can we not aw? remember practica - one* P home? ^. So that the bu 'r oTmV './..-lt!- ftBl Lhat our books ar? caWj fully fludited and that oa ' * _ .5 ! andJ* hold ronchcra for every dolUr rxf*n~Z Gifi othiryr or money *iH' ^TT w Ballii ' ' U?S /Ttfia. I ity. We shall in. i ' 'jl U ^ rcadei af lTg :? K'H)Tg Ham Yotk, Dflfl. t, ' Crippling thr I'.u:n? aa> Sir: . . "'f ' ing that a geatlemai m?'U uggested . . '*" __, month i during the 44int.r. 1 hi-* ,:IB'S^ to be made up by contmuing the mm9S through the MflMl, j^ The Foo.i Hoard h"*^^B , farms at %aeat "_ t'r?^ happen to have been on i fara ^HH Auguat of tl * aaaaiT. is to gal be > ffflfli i .(-/ Thousands o: b.> fl'u ^ laat veur because of th< n iue?i n,?*V_l the food comnii".-. ' ": th'" ^ ;ga;c? d for flflfll i . OO If the achoola are to bi - ml i ?? ?? lammer ll will brmg about haui limT#-, the farmers, who are dependmg on BMPMM for help. A HK.II S. UiH'l. .STLUkM New York, Dec. S, 1917.