OCR Interpretation


New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, December 11, 1917, Image 8

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1917-12-11/ed-1/seq-8/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 8

Sfcm gork tribune
.,, | .,_ih,. ii.nh: Ne-? Ktiiloriale?
\<ltriiia?-nii ni
ll EtSHAY, I'H KMBKH 11. |tH
?
?
**?
i
-
?
?
n i'i'.i
- ?
As to Bulgaria
I'nli
B ilgai
'
of thrrt). I
thc lca.-t. loyal to their native land
to thi- livea of Aneri
?rcuiity. P tha aane reaaonathal
mado war with Au-tria-Hnneary ir i
.tion of war <>n
.r ia.
preaenl ne of
ong thc h
mon alivo. His ability to ...
in innumeraiic in** I
. ;ilid . ome ?
mea of on
have ftrrowii out of thc '"act (hat they ;
iKi-mii'. advice
of thos-c who knew Balkan fa
begafled by Ferdiaand until thi tii
,-..me for hin to throw aside the n
In June. 1913, withoat warnh
thc most treacherooa faahion eoneaivable,
rhe Bolffarian army attached the E
alontr the Bregah '-?*'??*?
Althoupli the two govennnati were at
odds over thc division of tcrritories con
.rjered from Turkey, they were still
nd o*i the ni| attaek
< entertained by their
ethrei -only to be nui :
nd the outposta the next mornii
i .ili.whii.ii led to
aere, did not bring victory
rdinand. On the contrary. B .*?
armies w?re defeated by tl
Bumai I Bulgaria
I urkey retook Adlianople. in the
tefl whieh followed the disaster- Gen
lavoff, chief -pra' I
Stutf. | ",v'tri
?
.,nd further aaserted '
n order.
Af*> ?
t*l
trian i ? . ?? with
in an
lonaatir and Ka
Mica.
I ri-. k tt-rr.
\%\ the] ent war Bul
? ? i a neutrality that fell in
i.t-iman and Austrian plaSJ !?(?
neither wa read) foi iinnadiata Halkan
I ron Aaguit, 1911,
r of the ; .nand
continued to pn f< the
Allntl statea, whili bound
?
\ ii-'ina j*a\r- the W01
\\ h.
ataapeUed the ?
? r tn' Bul*
garian ar* Uiae, bot a1
timo a--:.-. ' Britain, Roai ; rance
that it wa 0) ly a defensive >\c\,. Seibia.
rtalising tha truth, anked pern
I
'i-rnly
and
?
itteleuropa ara ?
?naml deceived Sir Edward
i ivinp
th?- 1 H thing note
than tlu- creataN ?' luftlia and l,vr
maiiy. , He haa aeither thc will nor the
pawtf ? . Geinati
order*. Moraovar, Un raHapw of Raarit
haa deatreyad the lar?t hope of that i-un
?.inrrahle Buljrariun faettoa whkh ifl hos
tiJe to lVniinard. sympathotu- with the
vr<-r t" fr.*e Hulparia
from aa ?
Hy his aii. i i.'
many 1'crdinarid has acqoliwj fat Bul
? all Riima- "I'li t*f the
Dan , ib. Raasanl i
ita and the i
af Um ': ??? ? i ''i';
Mona Ur and ? -mn!l disti h I ?.I Balo*
. : ' ! ? I
? ? '
tfrrit.-- . - ? I anople, not, ol c*oum,
ty, which B ll*
' ? ' '
D Propoti
Mor
* Siii.i
U, lu'll.'M
that ;i ' \ ;i" drive
' ' .
in ally of th< Wi torn
an lay cla m to
rity, which,
Aln- :??;.
i: ilgarian ;: ilgaria the
? ? tnd reduce tin
other Balkan peoplea to thc eondition of
tin- amadler Gernvan tatea. I
ind in
the laat three yeara hc haa marched far
. ?? . ll !;
rnanda Serb, Rui Greek territorj
erbs, Run ania I Gn
merely territory won from Turkey i'i
... ,. Bulgaria demand I
?
menben ent of
('ould thia dream I l_*d, 1
would be which tin B
would be ;i mino ity i itcncecould
in and Austrian
bfltjoneti - aince Serb, Greek and Ruhi
populatkms would ini -"-'^ liberty,
and iti the Balkana Serb
R iiniuiiaii.* aliki
To all intenta and pui | fore, Bu
would be abaorbi d into the Mi
europe of ' loaing ind
time ii- pi ?
other racei of liberty. .ctually she would
become thc ovc
?
Every one
honorable or endurin* aetUement in
Europe wni
? ? it auch ;i
will fight to t'n?' laat, and
'. ubington can offset ihfs *
ipablc logic of I tuation. 1
the Alliea are prepi riflce Ru
mania, Bei . snnot
to obtain ?? ' ? Bul?
garia, i i ',;<- collapw d
thc
ition whicb wou
prince who rulea the coui
Since crc thc facta, il
to The Tribune abaurd to refrain from
declaring war upon Bulgaria. Every rea*
made for war upon Aua?
tria makes fur war upon Bulj aria, with
that, while Auatria quite
frankly reno tcrritorial i
Bulgaria -? ? ergeT
. ,,, . i in the
main inhabited bj people of other racei
-ara.
I: v. ill !"? ii very graa
United 81 ' ! '' t0 trc:,t
Britain an I I rance. It
eril, too, for on
rlaraUon (f war. in
? ilgar ii,ilitary observer,who ai
. of a friendly nation
enUj viaited Um front, left
and went to Berlin carrying with
him ir.ilitary information cf incalculaMe
value.
France, BriU ai L above all, poor
Serbia and Rumartia havc paid in lifo
for the credulitj of their rtateaanea who
dealt with Ferdinand. Wc owc it to eurj
hc fronl and aoon to v<>
to thc front that their Hvef shall nut ba
to a readincw to Hatara to falie
. whkh, ii thc rea enl facta demoa
strate, are the medivm of exchange of
Bulgaria. A- far ai Tarhey la concerned,
may bc made forovoidingwar,i incc
the Turkiah robjecta la tin* country are
rtoaUle to thc Turkish government with
ahnoflt no exception, bul Bulgaria ii of
ty ami m faet an enemy, anii t"
delay to daaclarc war upon Bulgaria is to
repeat the moat caaeUy blundera of the war
i n the diplomatic teoo.
The Lei-ialature Surrenders
\.v rcporta from Albany dadarc that
?mi.it"* for appropi I ? d by
tha clerka of tha Senate and Aaacmbly
w4th the Coata*nilii r. aa required by law.
;ire itemi/eii. If the ajiprupriations hill
.i- n appears in the Leglfllature actually
cootaina ? aatiafactory anil apecific
itcmiaaUon of thc aaaounta thc two ht
(ie*iie fur thc ensuiag ftacal yehr K will
bc ;i gcnuiM triumph for public opinion
over legialaUve habil ami obsUnacy.
l aat year, whea thc other branchec bf
Koveriinient. incltading the Exeeutive ili
piirtment ainl the eourt*. hai itemi/.eil
their propeaed appropriaticau, thc r*cpre*
.*.ent;tti\es uf thc Ufi laUvc bouaafl ra*
fnse<l u> <iu ao. Gtnrartior Whitman prop
erly Vaatoad the lutnp-*int 'appropriatioii!.
uhen th?' hill. m framed, reached him.
.Mth ;i nn - ng tha lawmakera to
?ay heed t" the universal demand for
?my umi thc nghl of the pvMk to
ktmu whara Um nonry wtH lo fo bafara B
? pendittf. 'i; ? I ? >*'
iatuu ehoM to pa) tiu boad t" 'hr ni' .-.-ajre
,,, Um pvbBc will behiad it. paaalng Ua
unitemised appropriatloni nref tin Qav*
i rni.r"* nt
Ir || barel] possibk thal knowkdge
npaign. in whkh bot_
? ?mlilymen must bfl I ??
will . Kl fall hl ?? thll
change ia t!i?- poini ?f riam of Um kaden
ii.. Hardcni'd bl hal-it,
. ir, their objectioq to Inh i
m ir ii theii "prerogativas" ? Um
poHt i iai realise that time
arc not aa tiny were, They -.-.it ? terrible
fron thc pa ago ef Bm woman euf*
.-rn. i.im.-ni. Jhey underatand that
thej will have to deal with ? vast body of
rbo are im! part ieularly
1 of the operation of thfl old po?
litieal usagi - and hava ao foep*
fundamental objoctioni to ? ehanga.
in itaelf this ftamisation U no |
.. for thera will still be i-wntingent
. ipecial appropriatii
? litteet and thfl like. A - ?<? eon*
I iblk ? 111mi? >11Nl>y Mfflft of the
r-ase-hardened offenden against that
corrective of oVila il ia aignificant.
The Capture of Jeruaalem
i bc capture of Jeruaalan hy Un British
foro itirring appeal to tbe hia*
tork Imagfnation. No other eity ln the
world la m Inwroughl int<- the tnutttioni
and etaotiona ot* ihe natioi M an*
cienl capital of the Jewa. II ia the ihrine
of all Christianity, and lince the eustody
of th< Holy Sepukhre waa eomnitted con
turk ago to Hoskn hands it baa hocoBM
in a Becondary way ? aacrod city for the
Mahometan world aa well, I* la, mon
thi eoi nerstone of thal Zion i hkh ardenl
Hebrewi everywhere are working to re*
eatablkb.
v, in n Bagdad fell to thi Bi iti one of
the bistorkal centrea of Moskn daninhn
of the elut.-h of the receding
Turk. Bagdad wa? only i politieal capi
tal. Th-- Turkish hold Otl it affronted no
if the non-Moelen. world.
But Ch and -l< w alike have been im
the thoughl of alien and Inftdel
?tion of the Holj Land ? the 1
i,, ?? and the Mounl of Olivi
. of tbe Huu-e of Dai id.
Thi Western nationa abed their idood
freelj in the Middk Age* to recover the
? -. Thej i
them for a time from the Sarajcens. But
, , ? rjied down and thc
milkai the ( n '*'?
i . itpoet in
the Moalem world?ba n ? nperabk.
Noa the Chriatian R. . . .- hard
at the rotting fabrk of Mahometanian.
] Turk from Europe
i ever since the days of
Pkvna and the Treaty of San Stefano.
v.?:ild have "heen redeemed
yeara ago had it not been for thc in*
ability ol the European powera to agree
.ni a ii-- title holder. Vet ao uneertain
j th< ' history thal Conatanti*
-til! flaunti tin Crescent wbik Ba
dad ai d Jerusakm have alipped out of
the weakening grip of the O.-manli.
Jerusalem'fl fall has little milita...
njficam e. II '?? a< uation ami fon
.-..me week- ago by German milttary
. who then belittled its Btrategic
value, bul were frank eaoagh to recognize
the moral effed on Turkish praatige of
ai abandonmenl of the Holy City. The
railroad whkh connecta Maoea and Me*
dina?thc hi i of thc Mahuanta
v.itl: the n. of the Tuiki -h Em?
pire runi some disl ince ea I of Jerusakm.
When <;. r eral Allenby cutfl tbai ili
. hi main task of
aecurji ? Sui i Canal and Egypl
furth ? ' erman-Turkkh attaek,-. He will
al ii havi detached Arabk fron the Turk
iah 17:.,:.. I the Arabian
v? ln i - a free hand in letting up loeal go*
ernmentfl whieh repudkte Conatanti.
nopk'i i laim to religious primacy ai well
bi to p ixerainty.
Indecisive aa it may be from thc mili?
tary poini of view, the loai of Jerusakm,
with iis garrison, ia -till aa unmistakabk
( Turkish collapaa, All the world
will thu.- Interprel it. For by Mahometan.
Christian and Jew alike the paasing of
mtrol in Palestine arill 1..
cepted Bfl final and irrevoealde. A restora
tki of blighting Noskn ruk will saen
from now on inconceivabk. Tlu- depthi af
religioui lentimenl in nW Chriatendom
would be moved in proteol against roch ?
profanation. Here, tlu-n, la one aeeom*
plkhed politica] readjustmeni of the war.
Tin- world is i ight in eflooming that, what?
ever else happena, Turkish rule in Jeru*
salem is endi d. \ "? r aven centui
nea erusadc haa been erownad with vie
tory. and the purpoae in whkh nndfaaval
Europe failed haa been definitely aceoan*
pliak
Onc-Cent F'icces
?.???-, i
I ht- tv.. biltlen Bl aleeea in cir
i thera bad
1.' aearl] thraa billien rniated
eleee af the ? ;,? i..
? of th< Iittla broni ? overy
mlult nnd eblld of thc pepaktiea. ? I
ll ..n . . ?itafce, and
ealitki a tamia thal ha? had to be n
i>> an iaao i loaiiag Heaee paper ?
denoninatioa bf oae eeat aa eaaetgaacji ar
laagemeal |.rob_hl>- irttboal preeedeal
The i ar ta tire 1
? ioa of ? raillioni of thi eelai
r-fear hours. nplaia the earieefl *titu
aimn. ln tin- fat Weat, partlcelartjr, where
"|n'iii:.. BOBaal uriknovjti until de
I'artn.. Titrodtired thfl practice of
splitt - tbe laddea demand treated
l>y the -niall tnxes BMMt be enorniou*.
I I'h.ladt i/ih.:t Mlat is ttirning out the
eelai ut Bfl tinpr'vdented daBy rate, and
thfl aaaaal average production of reeent,
andred atilliea of them, arill now
?;? d ! :?? rnint i- not roni
plaialai |ag i '?' ?'"' ?' ''? i
Hin?? - l bfl gevera*!
:, deable leaae, hr
i.) ma- "aprasd" betweea the r.
brou*c aad thfl fhefl ratufl oi thu eeiaa.
A Vent for the Minority
Inrxpcd.rnt lo Keep lt* 1 eelmgs
Bottlcd Ip. Ivm if L-egal
io the i liter ,,r Jhe ",r]h?
sir: Abridgeaeeal ls tb< Pf""4 of abroga
tatot tu ha the '?t. sf fawtala Hghts
. American frsetsea ItafC Pftt rrpaHfii
Al innlicnablc and todetfaaBSible.
Prateati sgalaaal thia stato of *llinR aro
. iriiiii thfl legal itaadpelat. ths Coa
.,i laeai i ? - beiag held up oa
priaciples from which rti'iiculRr "K"1* ,rc
Aa | pawat U rstab
imi re Bsaaing of
. ? -, iii aet avall ts s<*
thsaa. Bacaieasal rather lies ln poin*
sahlic ami certain
.-, aflciala that while free*
ight -mi apeeeh raay be supprcs?ed
arith tho appraval <'f hnr, they may not bc
* pprsssflai with thi flflaajreval sf sxpsdleacy.
. -j iadiridaal'i aaiad ami feeiing* ara
sculthrly bia <''*n that cxternal eoatral
. impoflflible. rVheu aathorKy attearpta this
. ' rfal cnough to mak.- lt
; '-?-?le <>f men
I ,,?.. thiag sad thinklng aaethsr. Thaa
earrupted an.l tho civil soil
, ? ,?.j itratagssas.
I ?!t,,! BUtl l is 8 po;itical democraey.
Th;, mean ? "' ,,1C ?aj?rity
law. When ths opinioni sf
?.,,,,. tke law Bheald ehaage,
A* thc apialaafl beM b> the miaarity may be
?CCflpted b] thfl sasjority, these opinion4
? pa ..li.'v..-.! flapiaraaian through tlie aaedi
.un of pn--- and saasaablage.
If as aaeh pa aeefal sul l< I I provided, ths
p, becerali g ti." naajerity I
mr* raeaana ta physical method''. 8e
? reaka iii tbfl l nited states
*a?n v he .*poke agaim-'
|Oti rament The dat,g<r ts
? -, mmmerai penaltUag thefls extra
- illaetreted by thc ca*c of Sir
antly pi
.. ... iag in i saa l Ippasitian
'
flknoaan, Pew ars at.le to
? In a.'. :iu ii ari .so con
? l thal they m_-t "believe" aeaethiniL
?| i, \ >, .* thfl Isasaes a arar preparatioaa in
. know that thaa
.???I - tt* beiag aaal te Eaurepe,
i c ghrea litUe offlcial iaforraatioa ther
? I,. Htvfl si thaj ia < ireula*
t ..ii 'iiii- raakef tha ereduleua, and by
! ..t' paople, :i ready prey
? .ur. whieh ?
v ?
n agenta.
Pinally, a how banei
ganiaatiOBI ..
-. mi ity 1 lagna . _
"-? organixai ? . i snvinced
".ho differ from
? he right to
aet Thi i
of law pioduei i
, I
?
SHAKEDLING.
rork, Dec. -. l?17.
knitting Ones Own Business
1 o the Editoi of Tiie Tribune. .
Sir: ln llontreal women are knitting ? il
My ean. both at home and in r.ji:
? ini othcr jmbiic places, bu*. il eaaBot]
Rotariety, aa ;:one attaehe*.
in na it aas-sa :i matter whieh I ? i
iMiir-;; nn.l Rfl
af ii iK'r-.in aitting ntar than
ityio 6f clathea or hairdrasa, which
. the ni'.--4;.. ' Moi --. knit*
- eampeu-aUrely rare ia qoita
v matter, no mora permi.*.4iblc at con
. r Bfl tulking or *hutflin?
'??'. though the latter i- inoi-e frequcm.
I fearAageiiaa Con port aad Manircd Malkin ,
will have to auffer s little for the -ake of
, rifiee, if In beeeming
lilcnca, might be ? new cxperfeace. By their
upon and aelnah ebjoctiona they become an
annoyaaca to haadreda.
Angelina Comport'a refcreaee to the women '
nf thc Baroletioa, who, aha Msussea, did net
knit in public, i* not a happy one. fFhe baa
tale - af thc ba
| 'ililiers of thfl Rflvelntioa, anil
in thfl depth ol ariator i'nr lack >?!'
? ? tn iiiii not kaii
it was not onl of eonaideration for
bteanafl thej i ?
baay ksepiag the setnal walf from ths
... , ? flainga ago l ml aad
?ther aromeri \
man besMfl i i | ?r- ? i '? partlji
| gi ad te ' I saaapaaion.
Hai he >ani SBJ/I reet to me I aVM
folly prepared to ay .-ometlung slighting'
about linri. I'niortutiately, sueh nvlsaBCea
are all too common, mid can more ctfectu.il 1/
and compieteiy apail all SBe'fl pleasuic .vt B
coaeerl oi ?? leetare than humireds of knit*
?:- l* women ever could. C. I'Ai.usi r,
Moatreal, Dec B, U>17.
Join the Navy!
I,. ?..? EditOI ' I The Tribune.
Wc havi' laaaehed a k | di ra te in*
. ti.e number of raCTaita for th.
\ toy aboii' t.mil yeaj ean .*ee Fifth
:.\iMiu' tagai taadiag by tha c_rb with ii
icctian of thc IT. 8. Jj. RCerait Baad stop and
t-itlier an ortieer or civilian c\|>lainini: to
erowda af people the laatOBM why they should
eoaae forth sad raleatoer to light the 8aur*
Gi ..- . ? pl si ? sn the fad
aft?r D bei ll men within the draft age
arill havc u-ry little . ? t ifl thfl
?i l.y iluit time thfl "rjue.-tionnaires"
arill be uut, aad thaa it will be alto?{c4.!ie4
\4ithiii thfl Miri.-dirtiou of thfl exemp'.ioa
board* whether fl man ean cnli.-t or not. A
. ,, kfl bean examiaed and passcd as
ill;. nt by hifl board L'-t is not BOCSS* ,
MUry far the present iiuotu can obtain a lattfll
trom hia board to tliHt effect and may volun
| , . ? ? | r.?v\. Young men be*
thi B-ffli of elghtaNM and twrmty-agfl
i-uti flflaliflt any time.
I ? i,h-.;. i- ii li.'ed "f a jrreat many men.
All th? new ahipa th_t the gaveraasaat ta
i, i Idil . ' '"r''*- 'T4".'-.
?i.*t prajiat.' flOfl te tTflifl theflfl men -o
thay a III ba sbU to eaatiaufl te tran^nort
? niv te Earaap I -
ba* ? done si ' tiaaa.
i HARLBB A. ADA.MS.
Caaaaaaaaatflr D. B. N. Rettted, Ifluattteg
. r ra Charge sf Metropolitan Hi-trict.
Ni ? Vi.ik. Hec. 'J, IflT,
Tirket Agency Charges
?nr af Thi- Trihun->.
S11: Theatre tieket agenc.es are all right;
they t-entralize the ?upply, ar.d a person can ,
_in inatantly wh_- ticketa are availabla
withou4. tramping all ovir town to the varioua
tbeatre box offices.
What I kick about i. the picayune graft
la voguc at theae place..
For inatance. a tieket to the Palace Theatra
coita J1.50, war tax 1". cents, ") centa profit
and coat to agent, total, 13.11) yet theaa'.
i.ople charge ?:'.:" and bunco a peraon nut
al a puny I rrnts. 1 hope tro govamment
'I K. able to d-viae :. ,,i.in t,y ?hieh the!
purchflSflff will p_> a ta\ on thr tf'roas amount
pa:d for u tn*Vet _nd aat ita face \alac.
Brooktjii, D.e J, itll i -CHWAZ.
BULGARIA'S "PLACF. IN THE SUN"
Black shows territories elaimed by Bulgars. White lines show frontiers before the presmt war
Gothic Art, the War and After
By A. Kingslcy Porter
(From Thejournalof thc American ItutituU of Architectt)
. I - eatbedral ol R raiaa. ?v?*
...v if. V'.'.. have. grewa accustomed
almo.?'. callou- to the faet The cathedral
gl .. ., ,.-,, ealled for ita facade and
for it H wealth of eenlptare, i de?
?. ?! raore itadj tl.e
i:.,! gtbt? >?' rii" 'i'sratory with iti
ind rr.ls, the varme?t, the
puliatlng, tiie mo * dariag glaBawork
ln all I raaee. The gi rhut liaed
tht port aer.* IO fall of dijfnity BBd
I'hr: ?? fortitudfl BTfl broken into bits.
Even ihe weaderfal .-mgel ef aevdr-l
fargotti i . ie lolteltona, *o t-nder,
was nol ipared. vThat two tires and the
war-; of six haadred y-ars had left aalajdred
our BgC !:a? arnihilated. Gcrmun cannonad
ln_ v. as able to dSStVOy a monument thfl
oe*_el of whieh fifteea eeetariea of boabted
German culture have been aaable to pre
N'or i.as the leaireetlon been Hm ted l I
.- -.lriti of Rbetma. The region threagh
whieh thc German armies hav< tw.pt. level*
ling al! -.i :i.<- ground befor. then-.. waa tiie
region, the Taacaay, the Attica of
France.
What Will Neter He Forgotten
It may be that in the centurits to come the
other wroagfl of thk war will be forgotten.
We nn longcr Bflk whether thc ll.r. did
or did aot ha . laatifiahle pretext for ever*
rannlng Italy. To-day \ac aare very little
whether Al.iric took or uid not take P.ome, or
how lor.;; he in-ld it. We have forgotten
abour. tbe lUaTeriagl of thi van<|uishfd, the
wronga of rhe v.-.men. the death agony of
iadividaak ai.d peeplea, We hardlv know
ev?n the aame of tha barbariana who over
r.ni lir.-ec". Tu* r conqueeti, their gaiai
and loss.-:, :ir* reeorded only in the obeeurc
paire- of ilu.sty bktoriee. What v.e are
acuteljr conaciooa of \< V. - Csct li.ar Grec'-.
II Ifl grea' part d?atroye.l: thar r.ot
a .-injjle Greek paiBtlBg l.a.i coPiC down to
'i ; 'hat tiie work; oi' Ifenaader and sappho
ire 1" *-; that thfl Groek teraplei are ia ruins;
rhat maaterpieeei of Greek sculpture erided
:n the llmekiln. And 'o it shall h? with
thii arar. Other things, however atrocious,
sirue, whieh hea's almost everything, may
cure. But tlii> wanton destruction of Gothic
art must alwaya remain to the end of time
an act whieh thfl eivilised world can r.ever
forgive, a wron* whieh the Germans have
committed. not only againat France, but
against all humanity, against themselves. i
For centuriei still to come thc German chil?
dren n-.ust learn that their forefathers, in
Wantonneai and cold blood, destroyed the
?oot beaatifal of arta, aad t'ney must realize
that their oam lives have by thia aet been
deprived of ? oarce of bappineai whkh they ?
might otberwiie eajey. Tiie barhariaaa who
?acked Home might plemi one e'.euse they ,
knew not what they di.!. They had r.o con-,
lept OB of :trt BOr of ir . value. Thc Germans
can plead no -.ael. excuse. The Germans
knew what they did. Thev knew the value
of what thny destroyed.
Wiien the war ends the question must in-.
evitably Hmc, Wh*t ll to be done ".ith the
partialiy raiaed monumer.ts left by the Gi r
mans? There is ^rave toason to fear Uiat
the m ., century ago may be re
peated. Preaeh Gothic architecture, it will
be remembered, lufleved terrible damage in
the H.-volution, but wor.se than this wore the
lll-advked refltoratioai whieh followed. The
question of n-storation is an evceedingly
Uelicatc one. It || thc friemis, and the very i
Rincere friends, of the monuments who pro- ?
mote it, frequently at jrreat sarruiccs. Their
zeal and pood intentions are undoubted. It
therefore seem* ungratei'ul to point to thom
Bfl dar.gers. .vnce, however. an agitation il
?already being -*.art*d to restore the iuine.1
Gothic monumei-.' . ? ..ry necessary to
come to a realization of what may on:-.- too
probablv result from mhguide.i enthu
Deatrai'tion hy Reatoratlon
- 'tviments are valuable from two '
distinct points of view. In the tirst place,
they ar*1 bifltetical documents, giving us i.i- ?
formatior jtbojt past age... the philosophy.
the building nethods, the charaeter of the
Middle Age*. This mav bc ealled their
? rchiPological value. Evea more infportant
is their p.irely artistic valne, the joy they '
.pahle of commnnicating as a thing of
beauty. Both these Valaefl aro liable to, nay,
almost certain of, destruction by rcstoration!
From th* point of view of the arch?olo_iat,
a restoration puts in his hand a falsifu'd doe
ument. It is imj-otsibl" to be certain of
what ia old. what is reitored upon reliabla
authority and what it merely conjecture
liable to be cntireiy misleading. The very
fact that restora'ions are generaily ileverly
done rr.akei it impossibl* to disentangle the
dd from the new. Only one who has worked
for years upon medirvnl monuments can
realue the extent of tht? mischief wrought
by modern rrnorations. I'aradoxlcal a? the i
statement may nem, the better thue reito
? ? rror.- dflplOf4! 'nC iir
Thfl ii.*u:i! plflfl f.ir re torat.oi; . If
upon the aaathatic Bppeai of a arork of srl
It ifl gcnerally '
marrsd hy daataged pertiena ami th
hmlding ean be bai I if I
put in hariiinny with the rest, >o as noi te
Vc". in poir.t 0 '
I think thi tae'.ful modern r
tiiiti Ifl qaiti . ? ia
I .? ological point o:'
Moder:: workfflen eaanet reprodacfl n ir eapy
l.othic v.-ork. '1 he hardness oi" modern ma
chine-made methadfl corr.nletely ruins that
and feelit;. of me
diarval ar*. Here, again, the restoration il
?o much the more mischievoufl that it I
?-???? portiir.- from
>- Better, s thouaaad tiaaes. a rain
than :i reatored building. Tiie rain may havc
a certain picture its own; i
rate, it tc 11 *> flfl lita. What ia than
bIbs, i hfl ? a that - praetiaed
?:ia?ii;e miaaing pertiena, reeonsl
iag mentally the buildii.s; .-.s it araa. In
? > r, thfl 01
beauty La hopelessly und forever lost Ivot
even tiie mo.t axperiaaeed eye can :?? ? ?
tute the ediriee i* it wa.-, str;p i*. of the mod*
im -aatallic hardoaaa, raiavaflt It with ita
ancient paatry. It cannot be flmphasised 1 fli
solemniy t'nat re.-uoratio:i of medi.-val work
ia deetruction of mediasval att.
Ir woald be ?- araia t<> attempt to rt
thfl r':inei] Gothie ehatehaa as to repaint the
iost picture- ot' Apelle*. A Bhelley, it I
might give us, not a laat tragedy of JBachy*
laa that would, indeed, be impoflfl.blfl), but
i poem coneoivably a-* beautiful; bul
there ara i.. - ? i among madera archl
?ouch of the modern on media-val
monumentfl i- ? jiruianatioii and B i! ?
tion. iJuiini: thfl laat half ? ir ths me
ditsaral nionunient.; af _M Kurope bavi
gradll by little, replaced by I;
coptri under the name of restoraUon. The
ority of the cepiea ia -o great that I
have ofl" i felt that it WOBld be better tfl
tcar ;i buildiag dawa ahaolatoly than *o make
an BBbeantifal, mialeadiag eapy far the rais*
information of posterity. No one Ifli
all an art criric lOggflfltfld, when thfl JfOBB
I.i-ii was stolen from thc Louvre. thut. the
lo?.*. could be made good by having a copy
painted and replaced lfl tin4 frame. Vet how
much more nearly would a copy of the Mon.
Lisa .ipproach the \alue of the urigir.al than
a copy of the Cathedral' af Rheims could ap
proach the balMiBg .v-iich ha? been de
stroyed!
\ WTersa late to Casac
We mast reatlsfl frankiy, therefore,
the deatroyed ehurc i i Pi inea are in 'la:i
ger of u fato erflfl wonfl thaa that which
baa aii-.-.;.. befalUn them, IlUadvleed en*
thusia.ni iimciig people WhOBfl perceptioi.* are
not specially tra'tied lfl w ry liabie to r".?ul4
in erowding thi competent authonty which
Ifl the oAeial Commisflloa des Monameal H
torirjuI ..nctioning or BTflfl promoting
ai of tht e building .
Oethie flharthsfl caaaot aad muat a
reatored. What ii doflc eaanet be .iniione.
The io*>e eaueed bj the BevolaUea in igae*
raace were great. of aa Impertaat part of
the hAntage which eari: r eei tUlitl fld
in igaoraace depkt.-d, the Germaaa
have in knowledge deprived all buaaaalty, Lfli
u- r.ot make thc matter worse aad still fu.
ther reduce the putrimony by restoration.
Works of restoration should be undertuken
only when necessary to prevent further dil
integration. I.et the destroved monuni'-i.'
fl! l-'runc *?ar.d ?s ruins. but noble, poetu*.
teautifal ruins, not machine-made, modern
ckarehea. I.et them .*tand ? scmpiterr.nl rr>
proach and .scurce of ?hame to the (icrman*;
but let if never be said tiiat their friends dfl
- enemiea had spared.
' Officcholder Slackers"
Te the Kditor of Th? TriYaae.
Sir: I am _*.urprised t'net your iecc
torial on off..' !. lackera was not more
freely discussed by jour rcadors.
The wri'.er, ? veteran of the Spanish -
American War ar.d t'.-.e National Guard. i, a
ehril service amplaya, aaarried u'id haa
eral chil.iv.*
Anxious to lender to the government a
service for which I am best fitted, and one
through which my family would be cauaed
th? lea-t suffering, I enliated in tha New
Vork Guard for state aerviee only--the pro?
tection of home ar.d family, snould the occa*
aion ariae.
I now learn that the offtciale of the Federal
department in which 1 am employed are i
opposed to such aerviee. and I now face the
possibility of losing my position if 1 respunrl
to a call to duty by the -t.,tr. autliei
? 'annot *.nmcthing be done to BtaVflflM *uci.
as I from becoming offieeholder slacker/?
VOLUXTEER OS. J
New Vork, Dec, 9, 1917. '
The Bolshevik Truce
A \ovel Explanation of the Purpoie
Behind Lenine's Policy
thal Trihaae,
gir: The arm i tast
?ror.t ti?-' nee tl
v thfl hcl-j
ia thi
W? it It may. on the other hand. if Lenini'i
optimiatie plans do r.ot miscarry, \ra<i to a
? much mor. of the war
the Raaaiaa an U trn
i'or that am. itlcfl tht
?j-jld BOt under 'sncei
resume the fighting ag sany m a
oi thi
: Ltulian fronts. . re?
.
? : witk
j tconomic >j#inocr_cy, if not .. I ra
desBoeracy, hariag t.irough their nurab-rlw
COSperativa locietics acqu;rrd >e! on* ;ou?
and ielf*eottddence, capable, in pite if
1 their Uliteracy, of lolidarit) and ietinite
i group thinking-, feel a pror. I rest in
the revolutioB. Zem ngnu*.
I ,.? ..,? ? be Uaaaofl r.uniai
rnonarcli and o. - piciotti
( ineft-icieney of h I war i led -
March ot tl ]ar matter ia
their Ol n I ;!:'.?:.- ar.d to r.
The Bassiaa Mob
': . mob of 191 r, wi?
not as nady and willing ?*? thc French mob
of 17*.' to i irrender iti prize to nuddleclaai
-. ;T fai'.od to convnee tbe
loldien that ther
ihould let him Bianagi "their" re-olutien.
Aad M '' . Cerenaky. I ik< .F.'.aii of Arc>
tattered r- beflB in tb?
liiick of thc fraj to be at Ull
feaat The mob wante<j to rid itaelf of
everything and i thal might remina
oae of the Roi And te
many Ku i tiana " ;.!>? oae
? . - i leir.ory et
faaeharian *? ar, und< ? romote
thc lumber ? ffi, wru
?till raahling in i.erman
Bgentl 7a.I probi :-np.>-rtajKt
? ?' l-ertiliaing the .-o.l c'i that nol
woald gro-.t. Since Ifi *>?f*
Why
continue ? ? [
Kercrwiy
was . rdfl tbi
. .. to him: **( ti_en Mini?ter,
tiie objetr of the revolul , itctrt
laadl for the pai f ? I ..- t penaat
Why .: ould I ght ! For I s . killed I
\...i aever get any land."
Lenine an.l Trotskj I Kuiiia
wa- to be laved from b?c ,?aal flf
Germany, If the rerolution w . to he .-i*m!
raaa tha Hoh. nzollern !>' l i t>ai
i not a
Ban anoff ? Runu
revolul ' ,!.,-ide4
to put an e .d ro th-- Bo-nanoff arar. Aa
..ee would. they thouj i t*?*
fold purpoi * P?opI<
t-<.n-'dercd ; then.
ally, alloa m rerola
l ?.i r.-.e.-i! thfl r ?? . ;s aad
? B
I
I I ( ontt rt I.ithi.hi
. millions ? t* l'u*naa
-...:... ?border"
ilieiaaa,
geni rallT
iinderstaiiu rrater
I ith the (i. i ' as ia
tenaediariei between l I jldtiia
aad tha would*be revolutionisti i the Or
ranka. After whieh the Bolahevik aa**
erameat arill pn ? tertm
. ? /acuation of I'oland, (jalieia,
. Ir_'y, France and Belgium:
ber worda, ; ?... uitnout ar.r.*cat;on er
mnitie*. Germany cannot ? ry well t*
'-? d ti grai ? mands, especially
p ? ?? ? ? idrflnaiyS
' >h? allow m.ii) army corp? ta
rnize with .. has i?g
. ?? dead /.one of sixty mili ? betweea tba
liaea dariag the krmistice.
But then Germany's rel -.rleo
peace would bfl thfl equivalent of a declara?
tion of war b) thfl Il.ihi l./,..'. rn autocraflj*
upon thi* Kussinn rrpubli.-. T'.is would bfl ?
brand new war with a purpoie, a reroluttee*
ury purpose. r?i-? Russian i.-volutionilt?>
unwilling to fight the foes of the Komanof*.
would turn with me energy o.' de-pair up*)?
the foes of the Russian demorracy.
I.enine's plan may prove a rank failul*.
iaay eaaae tho collapse of the Allied ??!??*"
area and the triumph of German armi.
On the other hand. if the Allies can hold
the Germans while this novel and I'teplan
propaganda goes on along the Eastern frflOt,
or until the new war spirit ;* Initllled ?**?
the Rus-ian inaaaea by the attitude of G*1*
I- lala vrili probably beronve a dedd*
ing factor in thi mighty struggle. :nsteade.
?ung a cause tor worry. an unkna*"*'
i h.tnging and undep.-ndable .|uan'i'>. lt?- **
any minute to ups^t all the camnaign plafl*
of tne Allies. AM'KK fKIDOX*
.New York, Dec. 10. mi. .__?

xml | txt