Newspaper Page Text
ALT. MERCHANDISE ADVKK
' TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
^-*-*^ First to Li
Fair and rold to-day and to-morrow;
moderate northweat lo weet winda.
l-iill *4>fx>r1 "tl raa* I I
| \\\ II No. 25,97(1
l ..-iirljt.l 1917?
11.. Irll.unr Vaao]
cist? thc Truth: News - Editorials - Advcrtisements
s\Tl m>\.. DECEaMBKK 29, 1917
? * * *
OM < I M
ln f.rtater ?>??>?? VorV
two i r.*4)T?4
IVItltln (otiini.illni Dlatanra
rimr.i: f r.iTB
Generals Tell of
Troop* Cannot Be Trained
Without Guns, Senators
Lack of Cothing
Cost Lives in Camps
Great Drficiency in Motor
Trucks Reported by
B) v W. Gilbeil
Dealh-4 aa I ligli
As Sixtren a D
ran as hurh
i ? ? ,;'s *v,e
?? i**-* ty
. - clothiflg, ovi tf
thfl fl re to pro-ride
n :n the camps. Kani
boflt completed, and the
campa ha\e ovrroE".
:. ? still a lack of clothir.g.
ill before the com
. r.road, Bfld I
? ??? i in
of a!l the Wnnden
? of the
abroad, it had bei n
ln Motor Trucka
. -. r?U "<\ ? ?
.... rought word from the
. i by -Aant of motor
. of trained men to
I both of then aflid thfli
country haa been
i- for war use.
the ?r? SflTflge An
1 . :aine for this
motor trueke, ifl
r track, yet
round by onr
th* army will gradually
Bflffaari who have
. car and do not
Th? ii atnflfl
abaai t- ?. rali Oifll
ght from day.
?The atflfl gbtiflg men
*ere as They
? i !,i y did flfll hflfll
I r Doflflrtnent
.d good enough to
Mi tha war with wi rorefllod.
? n in the teatinony
_bwaa ? t in lighl tr?
, ! then. auto
??*?: ??, ihflii (f r? t
?ad *> ?. ?
rl '.'2 t>er
mt aai 75 pfl? eofli
Mfcfflntrv equipment, per eent
??lel' atma ammumtior. h'"!
_"H in artillery anniinition. Tbflaa
' flfl BBBM Iflfl
?'inflrtht.- '? ? tl rougfa tbfl wl olfl H*t.
Cloth,i have eat ed many
i**v*e bi campe, general teetifioo?
b'koe eontrn.', mu$t hr rovtoed -
bimirol mtte* coaUraetort
lor tkipptny Utluya?ijn Page 3.
In France Mareh
2 Davs in Snow
WITH rill AMERU Av- ARMI1
. I,, . l or three
At ti- ?
| i,as accompanied the
nd many roada ?????
' h?a been ?
f.r in aopplying the
- i at a
. unita ha\r i een aer*
th, - ?
i newly laaded
vere weather rience
I to have d.-ne theiB
iuardamen of another
.- | ayonet, gren*
adr bi ' ' ?"?th?
Gunners on American
LJner Sink Submarine,
Scoring a Direct Hit
leai r ap*
; . ' aat
? .- ' '
pr condition- wei't such as to
? iaibility. A periacope
jriited hy t ? tbe bridga
and the aubinaTina waa acefl plaialy by
? the v.ako ot" the ship.
? -erva) of t'
flying Afterward n<
? Bubmarini '*? The. con"
dir-v pedo wa* ?< ea,
? liekly that
no alarm or panic. Paa*
di i *
ti.e gtino w*n
thnt tho excitemenfl was nil over.
Four U-Boats Caught
By U. S. Destroyers
in IST< IX, Dee. * Four i.r-rman -nib
naartn* ?trt captured r< ?
board ?> troop
i French porfl reert/
,ned in with
The K uPon ,ho
aurfai e of fl . a ith their con
open during the i
' "? ?
upon them and took them pr.-oner
? it a fighfl
Kill 3 Americans
On French Fronts
1; TJM A- a a-f 1 '
?riTH THE Al ARMY IN'
I RAN< E, Bfl 87. A eerporal of
1 y%,. ? ?. , . Uermai ropped
i ear a party of An.
working in trei
, rench front. 1 i ? f?r
,1 weeka hi
liur-ii* ii reeent moon
,? aviators dropped
The Genriai -
low an.l dropped their >
Bone Dry Prohibition
Planned by Pershing
WASHINGTON. Dee. 2b\ Prohibition
Of the Bfllfl of mtoxicants of any de
BcriptiOfl t" member, of thr An
ixped.t.on,, ? -?f" ?-??e0?"
I 1 L ,
ment announced to-day it had beea ?e
.dViMd bj Ceneral Perahiag. who. ia
order to clear up aa4tmrent mi
?uad '?*?? -***?* thea 1
soldirra to buy or accrpt as giffl
ntoxicanta other than light wiae* M
I already ha- B*
I Ibb th a tbe aewapaper*. .h
department'-. BtataflBOat add-:
Brtaaoal li -*d> Bed b]
, ral Perahiag that i>ince there la littl*
,.;,. . < raaee, the men ar* thaa
limiied t" th.- light BBtl*/* '
b Fi.; ? : " uv*' ' *"?
ig dircouraged by tha
conimaiiumg general ifl B4*0fl B?aeib!*
Rooscvclt Going to Speed Up thc War
nr: BAY. L | I nnd, D l I "^n1
Colonel Rook l going ' r'nZ
. all with Feiifltflri and r-r ? ''n"'ome
- a:,.! one of hil priW
naur* I ......-..
't military I lining bill.
ll,. intendi to aetepl ''-1'i|'" '''"
, ??? maki
The trip will bfl '".'"de ?? the i '5* urrk'
... ed Sflganfllfl
ihil i*.-- thal ery ?"??? ?
Hylan Won't Heavy Cut in
Make Flynn City's Coal
Police Head Is Ordered
Murphy and Hearst Oppose Fuel Supply Diminishing
Him-Loft Mentioned as Zcro Weather
Again for the Place Threatens
i hiel -H il an J. Fl; , of 11
r< ? Sen ce, :j off Uayor-elecl II
?laie ff.r Police Ooramii ioner.
learne.i reaterday that Judge Hyla
H be known l.t-fore he went lo 'f1- ?
: that he did not. intend to -.p
in. While the Mayor
ii ; I-., ,| to make Ihe apj
ment, ??rr.-ijr oppoaition fron
T.imtnan\ and Heflrat org
? -i ii :i Ri pobl
. m.l to have eoflvinced thi
lliat it would not hc political I
Judge Hylan, hflWfltor, offeied
. tracking < hief Flynn.
i with Mr. Flynn' ri
I'r-p\i* i'? i onnlaaloner; lb
fo?reH Flyni mlghl ^n too nneh p?b
. .i- fldda a
eause he-waa ? Repnbliefln.
Irswal oi ? hifla Flynn'
l thc enrly ri porl Ihflt i
Geflrg W Lflfl
? l .:.- 1I-. an had
appointment to Mr. Lo
tter waa |
I.ofl Mentionetl I ir-i
M,. i ? ? one o'- the fitfll men
mentioned aftor fllflfltlfln aa i poMibli
:.lr? for the pflliCC COn
.1,,'p. some of hia frianda anid at the
t,me tha: hc did nol -?"!' l':,uHf1?-'
alfhoui-h Judg- Hylan l^j-??1_w"*i,Vj
vor upon h - appointniant. rhe eorn
,(1,.ci(:,,,r4v? may -go, baggiog ?"?'
.,.- Mavor Ukel office. The
eflflf.nn.lj oftered tp
.- ? inderatood. i
.-..?-. to aec?pt u
thfltludge Hylan My
na UflBinfflril] to gln
The namefl of .lohn T. Dooln I }
. vttorney Sw?nn ha
.ppflint Mr. P
,.,, v aeting Poh ?
for three or four month after
Mitchel toflk offiee?nt,lArthu
WoodB wafl appointed. Mr. McKaj il
nnd tne aiay
h.d .n opportonity to
Hylan Sees Wilson
And Gregory; Pledges
Aid to Government
I stafi Correopondenee]
WASHINGTON. Dae. tt
eleet Hylan hfldfltflfl-ninntflUlk with
rVilflOfl thii afternoon a hr
Prei-inlislv '? held a
Dey General Grflgory.
ss a ssst
t,ci*_ Hvi-.n aaid '?'?' ?"' did n0'
,u0(rc 1 > ,... *
BtVol Of '
ernment in all
,,,-,-.?, nt dflmaajfl tfl taxuttaueni \
Mr Gtepojy iflid tl.e qoi
direetiag head i
Police Depflrtnont wa. ao con ?
the Federal governnant and thnl i
would ro fi rwi rd to Judge
Hylan in thia matter.
Judge Hj !??*? aeeflranec U
he inpreaaed tha Prealdenl with the
ttatcment that, n? natter what elenenti
t gun elflfltlofltfl 1
m ould b* no nenbor i.f the non
Mayor'i oflleial family who would he
?: at. purely Amerir-an. He la
.-md tfl ha\o told tn? Proaidai I t
there poaiti-roly weaild be nothii .
German in the activitiei of tba Bflw
Jadbfl Hylflfl, Repreaentfltiv. Smith
and Mr. Blnnotl :.tr:v..d in \*"a>:.
. i/ciotk thii morning, 1 hi
IflBchoon a! tha Unl-areitj ? lub i n
viom t.? viaiting the Departmaat ?<
.1 a-t icr atid the Whll H ?, ? I
no other calla before returning
i L^ iht 4 o'clock train lo New Vork.
i ,?;. , tate mai '??? i "f th* fuel
?dminl tration, eoal dealer* and repre
blic aerele* com]
red all daj yeeterday and aer I
ipon further drastic naeaearea to con
.biag fuel ?up
\ lotmeni ol i eai te rarh of th*
borongha will bc reduced nexfl
,?,i thi atreet*. if neaJtaaary, arill
';>.. darkem d
Thr we. kly allawaaea of roal for Th"
Bi ii ? will tx eat fraai "-'?"" '
Manhattaa ne\t week arill reeeiee
thi week ll 4\as ?!
lowi d i-'..I
, red 1,100 toaa la tweek;
ratie "iii be 600
Ever} ItorouK'i Bhorfl
nf the Fael Admiaiatratioa,
??- and -
of eoal dealers held a
g mon g, at which
? fuel aopply were earefally
I ed, ahowing ?:-' borough
in tha eitj el eoal by ae.
eral thooaand tOBB. 'I here WBa no way
Open to BOiva tha problem except to
CUt down the weekly allowancea of
each boroBgh aad diatribate the supply
ln small eoaaigaments.
* ln the afteraoon repreaentatlvea of
tha public rporations, fur
flishing beat, light and power to the
eity, aaal arith iaaa*eafle**aAiWea al the
goal Coaaereatlaa Committee and de- ,
termlned to eut dawn coal eor*umption
to the I iblfl BflU .i ?
lt waa detenaiaed to eafl down illu
mination to a miaimnm, aaakiag Hro-ni
waj darker thaa ll haa arer been Biaea
electric light* firat flaahed ea that
thoroughfare. Not nn elrctiic adver
tisement vr sign or hall light will be
allowed te born if it ivill mean Fuffcr
ing to ? raon Ifl th<- eity.
Thi ?-?? ninit yaaterday ivhile
the thermometi r took ita downward
plnnge. The Weather Hurrnu last night
predieted that the thermometci to-day
would dlOp to nearly iet*0
\n I uel Krserve
\\\ nigb yestcrday'a coal rrrrip*.
arere autT for all neody eaaea,
there waa bo attempt by tha fael aa*
thoritiei to minimiae the grarfty of
tuafl on. Tliere ia literally no
. aad l? ; coal ?ill i
tributi ear future than in thr
To-day or to-morrow practically
: ? eoal will be received at tid< aatei
t.-rminal l in N*a .l.rsry.
The fuel -hippers kaocked o!T work
Day, no coal beiag loaded
. aad this blaah
- ? thi ? i>-1 traaaportatiofl is mov-'
ing eaatward. Th? freight ahipmenti
will ceaaa 'or om daj aooo, it io siml.
At yesterday's conlcrrnce it wa- <lr
eided that the eeiiar eoal dealers will'
ba made preferred eaatomi n ta the bb*
MM tOBfl daiiy from now on.
Thaa the man who buys bia eoal by tl-.e
bttgki ? ar aeb will aofl b<- without fuel.
Wei'kU Altewaacea < ut
i ? -, abseae* af H ????? Sehley, N>w
York < . unty fuel admialatrator, 4vho ia
. i rederieb F. Guoai oa, fael admin
latrator for Brooklyn, preeieWd at the
. men were
represented by Thoaaai D ehaoa, Frank
Oberrender, Daaiel Anthoay, E. T.
l , -.. nnd rlarrj 1 Petera, chairman
of t!.. > ommittee of the
?u'-i admia '. ??
.Mr. Petei - d that rail ?hip
.-. but that, the
i ....?:;. BOrl*
Bld-ap in prodaction at the nun?s,
? re was no
remed i nndi r tbe preaent cir
cumata naerral on carried
i.f the pub
I'c aei - in 'he office of
tdmil itrator j\lbert II.
I were Lonia n. Gaw*
? ? 'he ( onsolidate.l
ieholai F. Brady, pres?
ident of ti ? ? I-k'ht ami
leetric Lighl and Power
?V ilillhan, pres
4...ri; Bteaaa and
into a com
81 ! Bill report
... en where fui 1
? ? -, may be pract
Kspecl ( ompanies to l se l.es,
Mr. Wiggifl !-aul be b.-lieved the pab
ervice corporations would ba
Bfl deal in cutting down
in their plants
ln apita <?! thi rSg of tha
? nn a dozen
appealed for fnel al the branch offle
0r the CoOBty Fuel Admiriistrator. in
the Univei ? '" : '? Rtvington
and Eldridgt ; ?'? B
Stanton..Ir.. in eharg* ei th* office. said
the demands bad eeaaed u.ltenly for
.???? BakaowB rea***. ??'' (!;cla.rfd1
that every ii'-.dy applicaiit thus far haJ
Kaiser's Peace Offer Falls Flat;
Direct Proposals Now Expected;
Trotzky Threatens the Allies
British Labor Sends War Message to Russia
LONDON, Dec. 28.?Al ? spenal National Labor Conference to-day British labor by a vote
of 2. 132 tO 1.1 64 reudopted the pronunciamento thal in continuing thr war Bnt.sh labor ,s actuat
rd by. determination to make thr* world aaie for democracy hereaftcr.# Immc-d.ately, Arthur Hen
derson. thr British labor leader, trlegraphe-d the d ecison of the eonference to the International &0
l-ialiatir Bi.rr.u, al Stockholm. requesting that it br* communicated to the chairman of the VVork
me-n'a and Soldiei.' Delrgatcs in Petrograd. In the same message- Mr. Henderson requested that
the sflrong deafrc of thr eonference against a separate peace be made to the Russ.ans.
The trlrgram ineluded the statement that the Uboritea were endeavor.ng to influence the gov?
ernment in accordancc with thr* derision reached by the eonference.
Mr. Lloyd George received a delegation from the eonference this evening.
McAdoo Drafts War Board
To Operate the Railroads
All Lines Now Under Government Control,
Welding Into One System Is Planned; Speed Up
Freight Is First Command From Director General
WASHINGTON, Dac. M
road! of the United State- passed into
f-overnmer,'. BflieflBfllOfl Bt DOOfl tfl-llflj
H .-enetary McAdoo. desipnated b]
??re,ider.t WilflOl* M UtoeUH ?*******
0f railroad., Wfll d-Iegating to the
Hailroad War Hoard the tu<k of opcr
at;nj* them for tl I prr
Ihe War Board. compriaintf five of
the eo-JP.tr-. I railroad exec
. who have been Ifl supreme
-, 0f the roads for the last r.ine
months. Wfltfl enllfld into conferenc
Ht '.1 fl'fll??<-- ? ' P'ans for wr'
[Bg all tra.isport.ition llflflfl
en.tueii' oyttAoi tj tflfl*.
rrefliury Department tWO
hour- later und. r mstructions to con
tiaofl tbflif fjf-ctions aad to mbnit
mimcdiately a plon of operat.on to the
McAdoo tflflflflfll First Order
To-night Mr. McAdoo Iflflflfld bil Ifflt
formal order de:.'gr.?-d Ifl Ifflfld up
frtigbt movement, teMgraphiag all
railroad B-JflflMtfltfl ar.d directcra in
^tructions to move tcaflic by the moit
eonvenient and d.rect routci. At the
same time he ordered them to continue
operation of their HflBM Ifl conformity
with the Preflidenfa proelamation put
tmg them under government control.
There was r.o indication tfl-fligbt
wh.ther Mr. McAdoo mtended eventual
ly to diapUce the War Board with an
organization of his own or to continue
im organization for the duration of the
war. It Wflfl m?de ciear. however, that
it will continue to function until tha
director general deeidfl* that a better
systcm can be devised.
The order that frei-rht BBOtB BJ the
most expoditloBfl roat** opoafl the way
fi r a pooliag of trafle. impoasibla here- ;
tofore by reasoni of ..tatutes designcd
to prOTOnt the practid. by earriers op
erate.i under prhrat* direction. It
tak*a from the ?hipper the right to
rmite hia fnigBt as he ivishes and
?eavcs to the railroad traffic manager
Ihe tank uf sending it most directly
i.r.d when- there is ka.-t congestion.
Diri-rfiona ta r-xevotives
The order followa:
"Having assumed the duties imposed
ap.'n me by and in pursuance of the
proclamation of the President dated
December BB, l'.MT, you will until other
wise ordered continue ti.e opcration of
your road in conformity with aaid
nroclamation. You are requested to
make every possib.e a*tfort to increase
.Ticiency and to move traflic hy ti.e
Btroat convenient and expeditioua route.
I confidently count on your hearty co
opcration. lt is only through united ef?
fort, unselrish aervice and effecti.e
work that thia war can be won and
America'.-- future be secured."
Althoutch Mr. McAdoo does not ba
licve a complete unification of all rail
lystems car. be brought about over
aigtlt, even with lrgal reatrictiona
!:fted, he fally expec.a measures taken
und-T government control will ren.ov.
.some Of ti.e thstacles that noiv prevent
Continued on Last Page
Slackers' Club Open
To Eaters of Meat
On Meatless Day
The BlflCflflflfl* Club is open. It ii
the idea jf the United Statea Kooil
Administration'* Department of Hotels.
Hestaurants, Dining Cars and Steam
nh:p?. The hosts of thfl pflbllfl have
becomt weary an.l sore at the men
aml wonfln who are patriotie so long
as they fiin bfl Ifl comfortably. aml
refuse to deny themselves meat on
Tuesdayi and Whefll M Wednesda-,v
When these nersons insist on being
Iflnffld with meat and wheat bread
on meatles.s and wheatless days, re
spectively, they arill hereafter get
whflt they want, but lirst they w-.ll
be required to 311 out thc following
card entitling them tfl a lif.- niember
?hip ln tha Blaabflifl' Clflbi
TO THr* ITNITID STATKS POOD
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Thi? eflrtidei that |.
a citizen of ,he I'nited States i ?)
re-iding at . Street,
city or town.county of.
. State of Nw-w York. wi?h
to record mv protest against the
practice of Blflatleai and wheatles*
dayi as recommended t.y your "Ad
miniatrfltion; that I am not in fflflfll
of the CflflflflaTfltiflfl of foods of any
kind or in any way for the use of
th- United Stfltfll soldiers or our
Allifll m Kurope, although I rcalize
that food may win the war. And
further, that on the. of
|il.., tbfl . located al
HnO.'. M rfalaurint
refused ti) serve me meat or wheat
bread when ordered until I aigned
th;* eflrd rolenalng ita mariagement
fron ail responalbility for riolatlflg
the pledge given to the I'nited States
Witr.e?,: .: Signed .
U. S. Re>quiaitiona Power
Imported From Niagara
WASHINGTON, I'ee. 28. Vnder au?
thority of the President the electric
power produet, imported from Canada
ar.d distributeil by the Niagara Falls
PflWflf ('ompany, the Hydraulic Power
i anflflliy aml the Cliff F.lectrical Dtfl
tributing Company was to-dav
Thia "tep was taken to assure elec
tne pflwer for establishmenta engaged
in war work at Niagara Falls and Buf
falo, it was stated.
Bolsheviki Will Make
Peace in Ten Days
if Left to Par
Lloyd George Says
Aims Are Unaltered
Meanwhile London Ex
pects New Overtures
Im (irfat. Britain, PnUaBB and the
L'r.itetl States the new pBBCB offer ?f
the Central IVwata flTBfl virtually tr
Leon Trotzky has informed th*
Bfl Council ef Wnrkmen and
Soldiers that he propo?-e-- tn ask the
Alli'*d powers whether they will
rupport the Russian or (Jernian
peare ternis or propose an alterna
tive. In case of failure hy the En
tetite to join the negotiaucn.-, he
said. Russia would have to sign a
Premier I.loyd licorge. ni a letter
to the British National Labor CflBJ
fercnoe, declared that "achievenient
of the purposes for 4vhich the Allies
are fighting is essential to the future
freeilom and peace of mankind." Co
incidentally, the British labor con
ftrence reaffirmed \U determination
to eontinue the war to make the
4irorld safe for ilcmocracy.
The reply of Krance. expressed by
Foreign Minister 1'ichon in the
Chamber of Deputies, was that she
would not aecept a peare based on a
atefna quo ante, and would go on
v.ith the war whether Russia made a
separate peace or not.
ln Washington government offi
cials rejected the enemy's proposals
as "ternis that are no terms" and
"catch phrases," pointing out that
the reply of the United States to
such offers already has been n.ade
in the official utterances of Presi?
Trotzky Asks Allies
To Choose Russian
Or German Terms
london. He.-. aj. Uoa Traiaky,
the Bolehevik Foreifjn Minister. aceord
| ing to a ypecial dispatch from Petro?
grad yesterday. informed the Work
men's and Soldiers' Council that he
would olTicially a-k the Kntente powera
whether they intended to support the
Ru-^ian or the German peace propoaal?,
or whether they would propo-e some
If the Kntente Allies retused to join
in the negotiations within ten daya
Russia would be forced to conclude -,
separate peac*. Trotxky added tha"
Germany having announced her readi
ness to free the occupied terntories
the A!!ies should not refuae to netro
Raaala would msist that the pnnci
, ples of self-government should be ap
I Ited to the terntories and colonie*
sa-ii-ed during the war. ln particular.
i Alsace-Lorraine nnd the populationi of
the German colonics should hc aaked
' their opinion and given their choice
of a form of government.
The "litvestiii." th. organ of the
\\ urkmen's and Soldiera' delegate*.
deahng with the peace proposale of
Count Czernin, saya:
"Without nttaching too much valua
to the eonca-saions in principle made
by the Central Powers, let ua look
' fer the reault in an acute economic
I crisis and discontent among the
1 massea of the Central Powera. Thea*
conditions allow us to hope for a
democratic peace "
The "Pravda" considers that the re?
fusal of the Central Powers to diacuar
the r-u- stion of nationalitiea whici>
were not independent before the wir
as an international question. proves
they arc afraid to examine into the
question of the position of thoae na
: tionalities from the point of view of
the right of nations freely to decid<*
their own deatinies.
"But then," the "Pravda' 'adda, "ho.r
can they bring forward the queationa
of Courland. Poland and Lithuania
which, from their point of view, ought
| to be regarded as queationa of the in
' ternal life of Russia?"
Germans to Make
Offer to Entente
LONDON. Dec. 26. That tha Auatro
German peace propoaal* to Ruaaia are
only the opening gun in an elaborate
peace campaign by the Central Power*
is the belief here. It ia likely that the
next atep by Germany, according to
well informed Londca jBtinion, will Be
a direct propoaal jf*_ _ 'All.t-a, eitaax