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TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED Metu? Voi?. LXXVII Xo. 25,990 [Copyright 1018? The Tribune Anu'nl First to Last?the Truth: News - Editorials - Advertisements wxt WEATHER Snow or rain to-day; snow to-morrow} much colder to-night or to-morrow. Full Krport on Page 13 SATURDAY, JANUARY 12, 1918 * * * * ONE CENT In iirt'iilpr Nflt Vnrlt THO CENTS Within l.'ummutinc Histanr* THREE CENTS Elsewhere Berlin Withdraws Terms for Peace; Parley Continues Failure of Entente to Re? spond, Teutons' Excuse to Bolsheviki Hertling Plans to Answer Wilson Germany's Hope of Beat? ing America Based on U-Boat's Work The eace situation yesterday brought these changes: The entrai Powers have with? draw;1, their peace terms as voiced by Count Czernin at Brest-Litovsk owing to the refusal of the Allies to consider them, von Kuehlmann in? formed the Russian delegates. It is now a question purely of a sep? arate peace with Russia, the Ger? man Foreign Secretary added. The Bolsheviki are preparing to reorganize the Russian army for the purpose of resisting invasion in case of a break with the Central Powers, according to Petrograd dispatches. Count von Hertling, the German Chancellor, will address the Main Committee c f the Reichstag on Mon? day in reply to the war aims speeches of President Wilson and Premier Lloyd Gee rge. Admiral von Tirpitz, foremost ad? vocate of Germany's unrestricted* submarine campaign, is reported to have declared that Germany could not surrend? r the Flanders coast, but the annexation of Belgium was not absolutely necessary. He predicted victory for tiie U-boats and for the a ray. The admiral's statement tends to confirm rumors of the seriousness of the political crisis in Germany, in which Ludendorff ? and Hinden burg ?igure prominently and in which tiie U-boat campaign appears to be a chief point at issue. The Berlin "Tageblatt" declares, however, that Germany is depending on he:- submarines to defeat the American menace and force peace. Ten million tons, it says, is the toll the U-boats will take by February 1, the end of the first year of the cam? paign. Hertling to Answer Wilson in Reichstag Monday, Is Report LONDON, Jan. 11.?It is reported in Berlin that the German Chancellor, Count von Hertling, probably will ad? dress tho Reichstage Main Committee on Monday, in reply to the war aims speeches of President Wilson and Premier Lloyd George, an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Copenhagen say?, LONDON, Jan. 11.?A dispatch to the Central News from Amsterdam says that Admiral von Tirpitz, former Ger? man Minister of Marine and the fore? most advocate of Germany's submarine warfare, declared that while the Ger? mans must keep the Flanders coast, the annexation of Belgium to Germany was not necessary and that a solution of this problem could be found. Regarding the political situation, Ad? miral von Tirpitz is reported as having said that all sorts of things might be Possib!?-, but that he did not think they w?uld go so far as an agreement on an armistice by which the operations ?f submarines could be paralyzed. He would not make a statement deal? ing with the reported resignation of General von Ludendorff, tho German first quartermaster general, but he said he refused to believe that things would he allowed to go so far as to make it impossible for von Ludendorff and Field Marshal von Hindenburg to gain a definite victory for Germany. kuehlmann Tells Russians Germany Withdraws Terms AMSTERDAM, Jan. 11.?The Central rowers have withdrawn their peace jerros, made publie at the Brest Litovsk conference on December 25, u was announced by Dr. von Kuehl? mann, the German Foreign Secretary, in lus spet.(h at the Brest-Litovsk con? tonee with the Russians yesterday. Owing to the non-acceptance by all 'he enemy powers of those terms, Dr. *ori Kuehlmann stated, that document nad "become null and void." Grant. Czernin, the. Austro-Hungarian 'O'eign Minister, told the conference th?t ns Russia's allies had not replied ?p tn'.' 'avitation to participate in the ^gotiat'.oris, it was now a question of Continued on Page 3 an Famine Is Exaggerated Food Conditions Much Bet? ter Than Reported, Washington Says [Staff Correspondence] WASHINGTON, Jan. 11. Informa? tion received by the State Department tends to disprove published statements alleged t<i represent the food situation in Germany. Condition." there ave not nearly so bad as they have been repre? sented to be, nnd are not at all desper? ate, it was learned on high authority to-day. Children above the age of seven are under-nourished, but as for the army and the nation at large, hunger has no* become a military factor and is not. soon expected to develop there. Food? stuffs for a considerable time have been smuggled into the country from Russia, it was stated. The quantities Germ WITHIN EASY REACH?IF HE'LL DROP THE OTHER THINGS ? obtained from Sweden and the other j neutral countries, while considerable in quantity, have not been large, com? paratively, as the neutrals themselves ! are short of supplies. Battleship Acts % As Ice-Breaker ?.-_ The United States battleship ? went into action in Chesapeake Bay : yesterday with the forces of King Win? ter. Following a suggestion made by ' Assistant Director General Smith ',o : Generalissimo McAdoo of the American Railways, which was respectfully su'o ', mitted to Secretary ol the Navy Dan 1 iels, there came an order to the-'s commander to smash the Chesapeake Bay ice as if it were a German fleet. The big lighting ship, with steam at ' limit pressure, hit the ice irresistibly, and at last accounts was nearing Balti? more, followed closely by tugs and barges conveying 50,000 tons cf bitu? minous coal. Mrs. William K. Dick Patient in Johns Hopkins BALTIMORK, Jan. 11-.Mrs. William K. Dick, formerly the wife of Colonel John Jacob Astor, of New York, who perished on the Ti? tanic, is a patient at Johns Hop? kins Hospital, under the care of Dr. Lewellyn F. Barker. Mrs. Dick ar? rived in Baltimore last night with her husband and registered at the Hotel Belvedere. With them was Dr. H. M. Biggs of New York and a trained nurse. This morning Mr. and Mrs. Dick paid their bill at the Belvedere and said they were going to visit a sick rela? tive at the hospital. Later it developed that Mrs. Dick had entered the hospital herself, as a patient. Her condition is said to be not serious, and she may not have to undergo an operation. JEWISH national restoration, in Palestine, miraculously intended by historical circumstances, is the subject of a ?cries of eight articles by Bernard C. Richards. The first one will appear in to-morrow's SUNDAY, TRIBUNE. U. S. Planning Control Over All Securities McAdoo to Indicate What Investments Will Aid War WASHINGTON. Jan. 11. -Regulation ? of the issue of practically all private securities soon will be proposed by the government. Legislation now is being drafted by Administration officials in cooperation with members of Congress, authorizing the Treasury to license each individual ; security issue, and to refuse approval to enterprises regarded as not essential to the conduct of the war. The exer? cise of this function would be assigned to the Federal Reserve Board or some ' agency created by it, which also would ' pass on the priority of capital needs. As a collateral plan, formation of a i government corporation to absorb any of the approved stock or bond issues has been agreed upon tentatively. A preliminary step, now being con? sidered at the White House, is issu? ance of a proclamation calling on gov? ernors and legislators of all states, to? gether with county, city or other local officials, to cease making expenditures for public improvements not absolutely . necessary, and to refuse building or other permits, as far as possible, to pri 1 vate construction not contributing di? rectly to prosecution of the war. Many Securities Affected Secretary McAdoo discussed the whole question to-day with Treasury advisers and some definite action is ex? pected within a week. The result of the government's un? dertaking would be farreaching. Not only bonds, stocks and other securi? ties of big corporations would be af? fected, but building operations on a small scale probably would feel the effect of the tightening of capital. The . government would have a firm grip on i the securities market, with power to indicate into which business ventures capital should be placed and for which i it should be withheld until the I war's end. The necessity of Federal regulation ' of capital expenditures has been cm ; phasized by Secretary McAdoo and I other government officials since the ! first Liberty Loan, and the Secretary , has declared that the government must I be prepared to absorb the supply of '. new capital available for investment ? during the war. This in turn made it i essential, he said, that unnecessary i capita! expenditures should be avoided j in public and private enterprises. Gov ! ernment control over securities should i Continued on Last Page Mitchells Made I Major in Army Aviation Corps Ex-Mayor Receives Commis? sion and Will Be Sent to School for Instruction Former Mayor John Purroy Mitchel yesterday was commissioned by the War Department as a major in the avi? ation section of the Signal Reserve Corps. He will soon be assigned to a ''ground school" for instruction in the mechanics of a'.rplanes. nnd, after pass? ing the technical tests imposed on all candidates, he will be transferred to a "flyin;; school" for instruction in flying. t'pon demonstrating his ability to op? erate a war 'plane in actual flight, the former Mayor will be commissioned a reserve military aviator. Should he fail to demonstrate his fitness for this po . sition. Major Mitchel will be assigned to the non-flying section of the Signal Corps, retaining his commission as a major. * Following the announcement of his commission from Washington, the ex j Maye last night issued a statement , from the RiU-Carlton, in which he said , that he had accepted the commission in the aviation service after failing to get a commission in the infantry. It is ! understood that he will be sent to the aviation camp at San Diego, Cal., as soon as he can arrange his business affairs here, which will probably be in three or four weeks. Ex-Mayor Sought Service in France 11 is statement follows: ''Immediately following Election Day I proceeded to carry out the plans I ! had in mind before accepting the nomi? nation for Mayor. I sought active ser? vice with the army in France, prefer ! ably with the infantry, in which branch , of the service my I'lattsburg experience lay. "In the meantime, on November 16, ' Major General Squicr, chief signal of 1 ficer of the army, wrote, offering me a commission in the aviation service. It appearing, after conference with the | Secretary of War, that the rules of the , War Department, adopted since the ; declaration of war, made it impossible ! at this time, to commission me in the ! infantry, I have accepted General ? Squier's offer of a commission as major in the United States army, aviation j service. It is my understanding that I ; will be sent to a training camp for a j period of instruction, and then to ' France for 6uch duty as may be as? signed." Baker Differs From Crozier About Guns | Estimates of Secretary and Ordnance Chief Show Wide Variance Supply Sufficient "For Men at Front" Shortage in the Camps Is Frankly Admitted by Cabinet Officer By C. W. Gilbert WASHINGTON, Jan. 11.?Just before the hearing closed to-day Secretary I Baker phiced before the Military At'-' fairs Committee of the Senate, esti? mates on the prospective deliveries ot Browning machine guns, which were so much larger than the estimates fur? nished a few days ago by General Cro? zier that members of the committee ex? claimed about them. The estimates had just been obtained by telephone by the Assistant Secretary of War from General Wheeler, acting chief of ordnance. They were placed in the hands of Senator Hitchcock, who had been asking Mr. Raker questions based on the belief arising from Gen? eral Crozier's testimony that the Browning gun would not be available in quantity until late next fall. The new estimates were not made public, but where General Crozier sa.u only one-tenth of the guns contracted for would be available by August 1, General Wheeler's figures, according to Mr. Hitchcock, showed four times that many guns by that date and a produc? tion of Brownings reaching 1,000 guns a day by October. "I think this is an impossible change in the situation." exclaimed Senator Hitchcock. Secretary Baker could give no explanation as to how the situa? tion had changed since General Crozier had testified. And he was reminded that General Wheeler was present when General Crozier had been before the committee and had apparently been relied upon for information by General Crozier. Details of Rosy View Demanded of Baker Mr. Baker was asked by the commit? tee !o inquire into the matver mor;i fully and give the committee details upon which the more rosy view of ma? chine gun prospects was based. Just before this Mr. Baker had been testifying on the machine gun deficien? cies and had said some time would have been lost in fitting the Lewis gun fac? tories to make weapons that would shoot American ammunition. "But nothing like the delay that has taken place in the case of the Browning guns?" asked Senator Hitchcock. "I think that is so," replied the Sec? retary. That was the nearest he came to admitting that there had been any unnecessary delay in regard to machine guns. He, however, made out the delay to be less than other witnesses had told the committee it \vould be. He sur? prised the committee by saying that the Browning guns would begin to be pro? duced in quantity in March. Senator Hitchcock said that he felt safe in say? ing on the basis of previous testimony that the Browning guns would not be used in quantity till 1919. Secretary, Surprised, Would Alter Date ''Wouldn't you modify your statement that the guns would come in quantity in March," Senator Weeks asked Mr. Baker, "if you know that the manu? facturers themselves had testified be? fore this committee that they would not begin to get guns until April or May?" ' Mr. Baker seemed surprised and said , he would. The general manager of the Colt Company had testified that his company i would "begin" to have the Browning guns in April. Another manufacturer . had put the date as May. These two concerns are about t It o onlv ones, out? side of the makers of th" Lewis guns, wl.ic have had any experience with manufacturing machine guns in this country. The mystery of th<? sudden improvement in the machine gun situa? tion will be e'eared up when Mr. Baker takes the stand to-day. The committee'succeeded for a mo? ment to-day in breaking in upon Mr. Baker's testimony. They seized upon : his statement yesterday that "the in ; itial rush needs of the army had been ; supplied." Mr. Chamberlain wanted to know how Mr. Baker could say that, in view of the conditions at the can ' tonments. Mr. Baker said he was thinking only of the men sent to France. The Senators insisted that his '. statement was likely to deceive the \ country and create a false impression that conditions were better than they were. Mr. Baker maintained his posi ! tion that there was no camouflage ; about his statement, but that "initial ! rush needs" plainly referred to France. ; Senator Says Nation Gets False Impression Senator Wadsworth said, "I don't agree with you. The words give the i country the impression that the situa : tion is rosy, that everything is tine. ] Frankly, 1 don't think it is. We are in , for the greatest crisis the nation has i ever known. The artillery programme is not nearly big enough. Men go to France without knowing how to use rifles or artillery tiil they get there, i I don't call that meeting rush needs." I That was the nearest the committee ? came to confronting Mr. Baker's gen ' eral statements with the specific facts. The committee is tired of the in : vestigation and wants to get through. There is no especially good cross-ex? aminer on it. It labors under the dis? advantage of not knowing as much of the actual truth as the witness do^s, j and the witness is an unusually alert Fuel Famine Will Be Worse, Garfield Warns the Nation; Freight Jam Is Desperate Edge of Blizzard Hits City; Zero Weather Is Headed East WASHINGTON, Jan. 11.?A add wave, equal in severity to that of a. week ago. wan approaching the East to-night from the West, where below zero temperatures prevail. Lowering temperatures to? morrow will be accompanied by rain and high winds in the Middle Atlantic district, followed by general snow Saturday night or Sunday and increasingly cold weather. A snow flurry that came at V last night had developed by 10 into a heavy and dogged downpour. Swept, into miniature drifts at first by a bree?e that had risen from light to fresh in t!ie same length of time, the flakes by then had taken hold of the ice coated streets and sidewalks, and formed a blanket more than an inch in thickness. This was the beginning of the storm. Reports of 8 below ?it. St. Louis, of freezing weather in New Urleanss, of unparalleled snowfalls in Texas, gavi indication of what might be expected. Yet by so slight a matter as a rise of -ri degrees--scarcely a sufficient rise to make a difference in the feel of the air to the cheek?-there was prospect that the city might be saved. Down in the Weather Bureau, in the Whitehall Building, they were watching the tem? perature trac?r anxiously as midnight approached. Inexorably the "moving linger" wrote on, along a line that wavered minutely yet never rose nor sank a single ful degree. At S o'clock ils record was 29; at 9 o'clock the same; at 10 o'clock am 11 o'clock the same. That meant snow and more snow, snow until the storn had snowed itself out, just as sairely a: if it had been 19 or 9 degrees. Three degrees up, by the same token meant'the passing of the freezing point And that meant rain. So it was small wonder that James II Kimball, associate meteorologist witl Drastic Rail Embargo Is Put on Eastbound Freight A. H. Smith Acts With McAdoo to Q&eet Dangers of Threatened Cold Wave?Few Excep? tions Granted?To Be Operative on January 15 By Theodore M. Knappen Threatened by another storm and cold wave in the wake of which 07,000' carloads of freight above normal are moving eastward, while the westward movement offsets it by a gain of only 10,000 cars over normal, Assistant Director General A. II. Smith, of the conscripted railways of America, re? porting the situation to Director Gen? eral McAdoo yesterday, might have used the words of General Foch, re? porting to Marshal Joffre at the Battle of the Marne, "My right wing is beaten, my centre is forced back. I will win with my left." General Smith's "left" consists of a universal embargo of all domestic car? load freight -with certain important exceptions ?- effective January 15 against the Port of New York, and of a newly-created force to whip shipper and consignee into line for such a con? servation of cars as was never dreamed of in America before. Several Exceptions ! The only exceptions to the embargo against New York will be food for; human < ons.umption, newsprint paper, live stock, perishable freight, coal and freight consigned to an officer of the United States government, or to of? ficers of tue railroads. No other freight will be permitted even to make a start toward New York except upon jresentation to the initial railway by the consignor of a permit issued by the newly-created Domestic Division of the Freight Traffic Committee, North Atlantic forts. This permit must be obtained by the consignee in New York from the Domestic Division. This means that no shipper of ar? ticles not exempt from the embargo can consign carload lots to New York until the domestic division has satisfied itself that the consignee can accept prompt delivery and lias issued him a permit, which he in turn forwards to his -prospective consignor. Keep Record of Consignees Francis Labau, vice-chairman of the fieight t'-iiffie commit'.i-, presided at i a meeting of the operating executives ; I of the railways yesterday morr.ing, at , which the new plan was explained. The domestic division sub-committee ? is made up of traffic representatives of ail the railways entering New York. IL C, Hamilton, general freight agent of the Lehigh, is permanent chairman. This committee is compiling ?i.?t ; of : carload consignees in New York, to- ? gether with a record of each one's ac ? customed celerity or dilatoriness in un ? loading freight. Those with a bad rec? ord or with accumulated unloaded cars will have to deal with gentlemen of Missouri antecedents when they com?; to ask for permits. Consignees will have to make their .applications for permission to have car [ loads consigned to them through the ; lighterage representative <.f the deliv : ering road or at the frei;.;!-.', station de and quick-minded man. It is not a situation which makes fir much more than a superficial inquiry. The Republican membei ; of the com? mittee tried to load Mr. Baker over 191??, when Ambas ad - Gerard was warning 'he Administration of coming trouble with Germai , i ; the adminis? tration was busy tting if f re elected on the "kept us our. of war" basis. Naturall) the War Department was not making preparations for 'in war that has now come. Mr. Baker would concede that, in view of what had taken place, it would have been better to have bought guns in 1916, but A Professor Scarr in the New Vor'.': Weather Bureau, spent as much time over the thermometer as he did with the map on which were being traced the curves and courses and quirks and curlicues of the storm. After 11 o'clock the temperature be? gan rapidly to rise. By 1 o'clock it was above freezing. At that hour the edge of the blizzard coming against New York melted on contact and was harm? less. But the danger is not past. The Weather Bureau fears a fall in tem? perature to-day. turning rain to ice and giving the blizzard its teeth back. The storm centre hovered over Cin? cinnati through the night. Its eastern edge had enveloped New York and reached out far into the Atlantic, prob? ably half way to Bermuda. In the course of the day the disturbance had travelled north fio;n the Gulf through the Middle West, with a back-lash sweeping over the South Atlantic States that caused storm warnings to be set from Florida to Hatteras. At midnight the storm area, broadly, em? braced the whole eastern half of the country. High winds out of the west, with bit? ter cold in their wake, are pushing the storm on to New York. As closely as the weather man was able to figure last night, with all sorts of unexpected things happening in the West and South that made accurate forecasting an impossibility, the city lies fairly .n the path of greatest danger. sired for pier, station or team track de? liveries. The application will then go to the committee, where it. will be acted on by the member representing the : railway concerned, who will know what the delivery facilities of his road are and whether the applicant is likely to make good. Less than carload ship ments are not subject to the embargo or permit system. The freight traffic committee is also taking a tighter grip on exports by cre? ating a sub-committee to look after this department of its affairs exclusively, which is to be known as the export division, with J. A. McAuliffe, of the New York Central, as chairman. In con? ference with the 105 export shipping agencies of New York a system has been worked out by which no permits for inland shipments to New York will be issued except on the certification of the agent thai shipping space will be provided. Authority Over Freight George D. Ogden, who is chairman of the general committee, is also chair? man of the exoorts division. The gen? eral committee was originally estab? lished by the general operating com? mittee of the Eastern roads which was directing their operations from Pitts? burgh until its functions were taken over by Mr. Smith upon the establish? ment of government control. It has been wrestling with the problem of freight congestion for about i month, but. not until now has it had authority over domestic freight consigned to New York. While the new scheme of correlating shipments whether for domestic or ex? port diestinatioh is to be applied only to New York at first, it may be applied later to other ports. It is so novel and such a radical departure in American railroading that it is thought wise to introduce it gradually, even if it should ? be decided to make it genera!. Mr. Ogden gives credit for the idea to Mr. Smith, and characterizes it as one of the most brilliant plans foi meeting an emergency that he has en? countered in a long railroad career. It will, Mr. Ogden thinks, put the dila? tory consignee out of business by mak? ing' it impossible for him to receive shipments until he cleans up, by pre? venting consignees from receiving goods over another line when they al? ready have accumulations on one line, and will prevent evasion of export em? bargoes by the practice of consigning freight ostensibly for domestic deliv? ery at the port and then, on arrival, ordering it to be delivered to ocean vessels. One great advantage of the new scheme is that it will bring freight consignees in nersonal touch with local freight receiving officials and facili? ties, because they will b;.\e to go to the agent at their particular delivery point and will thus learn of his troubles and see the physical situation of the terminals for thems lv< ;. It. is expected that barring bad weatiier the new plan will clean up the congestion in yards, piers, docks and lighters in New York harbor in a remarkably short time. he would *:?"?' ce rice le thai any fault rested up n the Administrativ? for not foreseeing the war, The favorite a-.-wer i,;' the ? :ocui ive di [>si : nient head : thai it ? : all the faull of Coi ?;:< ss, Congress could see, raid Mr. Bak<?i\ just as well as he could that then- was a big war in Europe. He hadn't asked for larger appropriations to prepare for war because he saw no chance of get? ting larger appropriations out o: Co:, gres 3. _ (Secretary Baker's testimony in detail?on Page J,.) Shortage to Last Sixty Days? Receipts Here Drop as Demands Increase War Industries Are Threatened 300,000 Brooklyn Pu? pils Vacate Schools; No Ruling Yet on Curfew Law - ..v.: Summary Yesterday's developments in the coal crisis were mainly these: Only half a day'? supply of coal was received in New York City. At 7 o'clock p. m. it began to snow, and the Weather Bureau began to pray for a rise of three degrees in temperature to deflect an ap? proaching blizzard. Dr. H. A. Garfield, National Fuel Administrator. announced at Washington that the worst was yet to come. Kelief is not ex? pected within less than sixty day?, and meanwhile further curtail? ment of fuel consumption will be necessary everywhere. To break the traffic jam in New York terminals the railroads on January 15 will place a general embargo on carload shipments of domestic merchandise brought to New York. At a meeting of the New York Fire Exchange Fire Chief John Ken Ion said that;the bursting of water pipes had.expose 1 the city to the hazard of an unimaginable con? flagration. The "Merchants' Association an? nounced its undertaking to survey New York conditions intensively. to show that this city should have priority coal shipments. Three-quarters of the public schools of Brooklyn have closed. Brook? lyn's plight is worse than Man? hattan's. In New Jersey munitions factories are closing up. There is a!rea?ly a daily wage loss estimated at ?500,0(30. No Relief for 60 Days, Says Garfield; War Work Is Being Halted WASHINGTON1. Jan. 11.- -Relief from the present fuel famine within sixty days is impossible, according to Dr. II. A. Garfield, Federal Fuel Adminis? trator. In a statement issued to-night he added that the situation might grow much worse during that period. Plants making munitions of war will not be free from menace of short al? lowance of fuel, he said, and might be called upon to curtail their allow? ance. But every effort will be made to distribute the available supply of coal where most needed without par? tiality to any section, according to the assurances of the administrator. Part of the 38,000,000 tons shortage of the lasrt year has been made up, Dr. Garfield said, but there still is a large deficiency, and it will be felt chiefly this month and next. War Plants to Feel Pinch "Everyone must conserve and cur? tail the use of coal," he declared. "While war plants and public utili? ties must be favored among industries, " it is likely that they, too, will feel the pinch. it is distressing to be obliged to witness the hardships the people are undergoing. Demands are flooding the fuel administration from municipalities, but no locality can be : ? ,vn ? reference, and coal will be dis? tributed equitably with no favors The present situation is due almost wholly to railroad congestion." Voluntary curtailment of the coal re? quirements of th?; less essential indus tri s is working well, Dr. Garfield said, and every industry asked to reduce its use of coal has shown a willingness to cooperate. The voluntary plan would work better than an enforced curtail? ment, he added, because each indust.^ would watch its own members to see that they v. ere carrying out their ag? i ement. Must of the industries asked to re? duce their coal consumption will ac : i-o:r.plish it by shutting down entirely for one day each week, as the paper boar?! mak? rs already have been or? dered to do. Some Plants to Close a Month Some industries, however, '?cannot ' shut down easily for a day. and these will be asked to cease operations for as long as a mor,'.::, luter on in the year. It was suggested that the glass industry mi?ht be one i i these. Paper board plants will start to-morrow shut? ting down one ?lay in the week, and, it ?s estimated, the coal saving for the day will amount to about 15,000 tons. Explaining his^recent order giving state fuel administrators authority to close industrie, to supply householder* , with coal, Dr. Garfield said this power ' would be permitted to bo used only in emergencies and that the fuel admin? istration would decide the matter of <