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TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED First to Last fou LXXVI? No. 26,010 liojijrlKlit 19,8? Th* Tribuno Atm'ii] Editorials - Advertisements Qfribmt THE WEATHER ' Fair and slightly colder to-day ; to-mor? row fair; moderate west winds, rut! Report on Pane 13 SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 10, ll)18~SlWKi^r^ PAGES * * ? FIVE CENTS Americans Taken By Germans in Raid On Lorraine Front (Berlin Claims Some prisoners Were Taken in Attack Near St. Mihiel Reveals Position Of U. S. Troops pershing's Forces Are Holding Important Sector, Supporting French Army ? LONDON. Feb. 9.?The Germans, in a raid north of Xivry, on the Lorraine front east of Toul, have captured some American prisoners, the Berlin War Office announced to-day. This was evidently in connection with a some? what extended series of operations. On the eastern slopes of the heights of Lorraine, the statement adds, a sur? prise attack against enemy positions torth of Ronvaux was successful. This ; part of the line is held by the French, j Another action on the Lorraine front j is reported by the Paris War Office, ; ffjiich says that a French detachment ! took thirty prisoners and one machine j gun in a raid near Bioncourt, which is five miles southeast of Xivry. Tho German statement locates the American front more exactly than any previous dispatches. Sivry ? the French equivalent of Xivry) is ten miles due j north of Nancy and approximately the j Fs&me distance east of Toul. As the Berlin communiqu? states that Am?ri- i ran prisoners were captured north of Sivry, it is apparent that General Per? shing's troops hold ,i trench section on i the extreme* eastern tip of the famous j St. Mihiel salient, midway between j Nancy and Metz, the German fortress; near "the Lorraine border, on either! fide of which the Germans debouched j following their important victory in j the Battle of Met?, ?or Morhangc, as it is known in France), on August 20-23,1 1914. ! The French early in August pene ttited across the Lorraine border as i lu as the Metz-Saarburg road, but at tk height of their successes here they We met by an overwhelming enemy force, which put the 15th Corps (of Marseilles) to rout and thereby com- , pelled a swift French retreat back across the frontier to within a few . ?files of Nancy and Toul. By the 24th cf August the French had rallied, and the ha'tie line then established, from the heights of the Meuse southward and eastward to the Lorraine border. ha.; undergone little change in the three and a half years intervening. An Important Sector The part of the line now held by the American soldiers may be regarded as .one of the most strategically important sectors on the whole front from Ver? dun to the Swiss border. On this stretch of front rests the defence of Nancy and Ton!, which in turn protect Verdun itself from an outflanking at? tack from the south. How long the American front is may only be speculated upon. The only defi? nite basis for speculation lies in the recent dispatch from American head? quarters, which stated that the Ger? mans laid a barrage along "several kilo? metres" of the American line, which would seem to place it as two or three miles in extent. Neither is it known in fet what strength General Pershing is hiding his front, though it is believed that at least one division of troops *ould he required to hold such a line. That the American forces ore acting independently has been intimated in dispatches from time to time- -that is, the infantry is being supported by American artillery and engineering Corps, and possibly by American air ?orces How Rattle Line Runs At the village of Thezy, six miles j northeast of Sivry, the battle line takes : a right angle turn southward, and from ! thence parallels the Lorraine border w) the Vosges, through which it cuts into Alsace just west of Colmar and : Mulliauser?. If the German statement] vlaces the American line correctly, I i PeriMng'a men probably face the | fneiny on this narrow salient, from ?ailly to Craincourt. Pershing'a troops first took up their Positions in the front line trenches! "oar Parroy, on the Rhine-Marne Ca-I Ml? which is twenty-three miles south-j fast of Sivry. These positions they "eld through the most of December) ?ft ,Januar>'- for as late as January ? "" the American commander renorted ! Casualties on that front. It was on January 30 that the Americans were "r" reported'on the line northeast of kpr*CJ" when tno Germans in a raid ! Killed two Americans and captured i '?"r. Since then lively activity has j ootsined along the American front. "?February 2 the Germans placed! * Heavy barrage over the American! f'suion.s, killing two men and wound- | 'n? nine others. Americans Destroyed Trenches strohJLAi?orican Boners, replying, de- I soth?<. i enemy's '>?"?*? line trenches j On v V Uas unab'c to rcoccupv them. : the * Uary 6 a curtain of tire from j ? SttrfT^V1 ?nti-aircraft guns, pre-i eft?,;? L y German airplanes'from Jos.ng their lines. In the last two ! I li?trn? ncwt'(1 art'llery activity and ? ifoi encounters have been reported. ! I tor i lmP,.,rtanc^ of the American sec- : ' at?i?.?S- - tllHt a German offensive Sol ll ,',", ,he "ear futu? ?s not ffi1-. Military critics have pre F'?tronl I he enemy wou,d make a ' ' strikf a^emPt <*a'-l.v this spring to ; ?SSL ? Vy blow against Pershing's moral. ,nj an offort to break theiri ?ucce?5a"dtP08??bly t0 *ain a k-trategic ! oner.? n the Lorraine front. Heavier ?pwation^ay be looked for as the Continued on Last Page Why K. Bill Is Scared Of Meeting | The Marines _ They Will Get Him if the! American Army Doesn't, Because They Get Every? thing Else. They Get the First German Shells, the Longest Hikes, the j Worst of It Going and Com-1 ing?It Is Their Tradition By Heywo?d Broun (Just back from ?'ranre) ??r*TM?EY tell mo," said a young E marine in his best cor.fiden- ' tiki and earnest manner, "that the Kaiser isn't afraid of* the American army, but that he is afraid of the marines." The youngster was hazy as to the source of his information, but he never doubtod that it was accurate! He felt sure that the Kaiser had heard of the marines. Weren't they ? "first to fight?" And if he didn't fear them yet, he would. At least he would when Company D got into action. No unit in the American army to-day has the group consciousness of the marines. It is difficult to understand just how this has happened. Everybody knows that once a regiment, or a di? vision, or even an army, has acquired a tradition, that tradition will live long j after every man who established it has gone. i There Is the Foreign Legion There is, for instance, the Foreign Legion of the French army. Thou? sands and thousands of men have poured through this organization. ?Sick? ness and shrapnel, the exigencies of the service and what not have swept the veterans away again and again, but it is still (he Foreign Legion. Seme of its new recruits will be tipgro horse-boys who have missed their ships at one of the ports through overprotract.ed sprees; there will be a gentleman adventurer or two, and a fine collection of assorted ruffians. But in a month each will be a legion? ary. Shuffling Negro Had War Cross / saw an American negro in a vil? lage of France who had been a legion? ary until a wound had stifTened a knee too much to permit him to engage in further service. He was a shambling, shuffling, whining, servile negro, ab- | jectly sure that some kind white gen- i tleman would give him a pair of shoes, i or at least a couple of francs. But i he had the Croix de Guerre, and the M?daille Militaire. Ho had not cringed while he was a legionary. How the Marines Got Theirs The tradition of this organization,: however, is based on battle service | The legion has seen all the hardest ; fighting. The tradition of our marine.-, j rests on something else. They hays? , seen service, of course, but it has not \ been considerable. Their &roup feeling; was at first sheerly defensive. There was a time when the marine was a j friend of no one in the service. He ! was neither soldier nor sailor. Many of ? the marine officers were men who had j been unable to get appointments at i West Point or Annapolis, or, having I done so, had failed to holl the pace at; the academies. And so the spirit of j the officers and the men was that they ' would show the army and the navy of ? just what stuff a marine was made And they have. It is true that the' army and the navy have ceased long since to look down upon the mari ic, but the pressure of handicap has.been : maintained among the marines In ! France just the same. Extra Miles Fail to Disturb Marines It is largely accidental. For instance, j when the American troops were first j billeted in the training area the ma? rines were placed at the upper end of ? the triangle miles further from the j field of divisional man?uvres than any | of their comrades. And so, if Joffre, or Petain, or Clemenceau, or Poincar?, j or any of the others came to review the first American expeditionary unit, the marines had to march twenty-two miles in a day in addition to the ground, which they would cover in the review, j Curiously enough, this did not inspire I Continued on Last Page Fingerprints To List Dead Of Tuscania Comparison With Records in War Department Is Ordered by Baker Sinking of U-Boat Still Unconfirmed Bodies Found Number 126; Survivors Warmly Greet? ed in Belfast WASHINGTON, Feb. ??. The War; Department has ordered linger prints of all the unrecognizable soldiers re-i covered from the Tuscania. By com? parison with records here it will be possible to identify them. Dispatches from an Irish port have said that 12C bodies have thus far been washed ashore, none recognizable. At midnight -ninety-six hours after ? the troopship Tuscania had been tor- j pedoed and sunk by a German subma- i rinc? a little more than one thousand ; names of the survivors had been an- ? nounced here by the Committee on Public Information. A few more names were in posses sion of the War Department, but will j not be arranged for publication before" to-morrow, by which time it is expected the remainder of the survivors' list: will have come over the cables from ! England. Names Given Right of Way All day long a steady stream of j names of the saved flowed in over the cables and telegraph wires and was ? given right of way over all except the ! most urgent business. Despite the ; preference given to the list, more than i one hundred and fifty names out of ' the first thousand arrived in such ? jumbled and incorrect form that they I meant practically nothing to the War \ Department, and' it will be necessary j to check back over the cibles before they can be straightened out. A large force of clerks will ho put at work again to-morrow morning, and if the names continue to come in by Sun? day night it is expected a full list of the missing will be available by check? ing the list of survivors against the official list of all those who sailed on ! the Tuscania. There were no new officiai figures on the losses available to-night, and the j War Department's figures continued to j differ from those of the British Ad-; miralty. The War Department esti? mates 210 persor,3 missing, Hit of ? them American soldiers, while the Brit? ish Admiralty's figures put the. lost at \ 16(1 missing, 147 of them American offi- , cers and enlisted men. The Navy Department to-day v.a.? still without information confirming; the report that an American destroyer was on the scene and participated in [ the chase of the U-boat. ?Secretary Daniels said that such information as was at hand led to the conclusion that, the report was erroneous, but reiterat? ed his statement that one of Vice-Ad? miral Sims's force might easily have been present. A copy of the official report, mafic by the commanding officer of the British convoy will be sent to the Navy De? partment as soon as that document has been approved by the British Admiral? ty. Navy officials do not erpect to get this report for at least two weeks. Survivors Landed in Scotland Get New Quints and Funds LONDONDERRY. Feb. 9.?All Urn j American survivors from the Tus- ! cania, with the exception of about one j hundred sick or injured and a party of 142 who landed in Scotland, were to-| day quartered in two military camps. To a majority of the men the over? land journey from the northern coast, where they were brought ashore, was i their first ride in the native toylike trains, and they thoroughly enjoyed it. The news had spread through the , countryside that the Americans were ' coming in special trains, and at each ! little railway station groups of farm- ? er folk had gathered to catch a glimpse of the troops and wave a friendly jjreet- | ing, to which the Americans were con- I stantly making acknowledgment, j ?Scottish troops piped the Americans I from the railway to the camps. Men Issued New Clothing Captains Wells and ?Smith, of the American Red Cross, who had visited as many of the landing places as was , physically possible, followed the men to camp, where they helped to distrib? ute funds to the American officers and will see that all the men are properly outfitted. A complete issue of clothing was made to each officer and private. ! The outfits came from British stores; on orders from quartermasters and captains, and payment is guaranteed by the Red Cross. Besides clothing, each man was presented with a razor and shaving brush. At one camp there were not enough overcoats in the stores to go around, so the British Tommies gladly took off the coats they were wearing and put them on the Americans. The Red Cross also sent from the Belfast branch knitted mufflers, helmets and sweaters, which were especially welcomed by the Americans in their first experience with1 the Irish climate. One thing most appreciated by the ! men was a visit from Miss Jean Ogil- ' vie, a member of the Red Cross from I New York. She was the first American ! woman they had seen since leaving the United States. She came from Belfast with cigarettes, clothing comforts and food. Two-thirds of the men lost, all ? of their funds except a little pocket' change. Fortunately a few carried I money belts and saved their money, ' which, one? ashore, they promptly dis- : tributed among the others. Officers Hit Hardest The American officers were hit hard? est. All lost their kits and the larger ' part of their uniforms, which, unlike j the privates, they must obtain at their own expense. Captains Wells and Smith, of the Red Cross, distributed Continued on Last Page Germans Gloat Over Tuscania s Loss AMSTERDAM, Feb. 9.?German newspapers are gloating over "the psychological effect" which they expect the sinking of the Tuscania must produce in America. The Koelnische "Vollks Zeitung" says the event must unfail? ingly dampen the spirits of Americans and proceeds: "Sunduy Am?ricain vessels, some with munitions and perhaps a ?mall number of soldiers, have been sunk before, but su rar as we ? know this is the first case of a big transport, with a considerable number of troops aboard, falling victim to our U-boats. Maybe large sized transports have never, or rarely, so far crossed, for the Ameri? can forces ?n France are not yet very large. * "As such vessels must be convoyed Avith great care our U-boat's achievement is all the more remarkable and gratifying." The Berlin "Mittig am Zeitung" makes a similar comment and rejoices that so much war material was lost, and that the rescued soldiers will not be immediately available for service. Lord Reading Here; Says War Crisis Is Near Next Few Months- Most Critical, Declares Head of ! British Mission AN ATLANTIC FORT. Feb. 9.?The Earl of Reading, British High Commis- ? sioner and Ambassador Extraordinary i and Plenipotentiary on Special Mission [ to the United States, reached this port! to-night on a British vessel heavily convoyed by British warships. The Countes3 of Reading and a staff of dis? tinguished officials of the mission ac- j companied Lord Reading. t Lord Reading declared, in a state- i ment issued before he set foot ashore, that the next few months were "per? haps the most critical of the war." He j stated that the British people were i unanimous in their indorsement of i Allied war aims, as stated by President: Wilson and Lloyd George, and were ai determined as ever to carry on the i struggle to the end, no matter what sacrifices might be entailed. Lord Reading expressed his deep ! sympathy with the relatives of the men | who lost their lives on the Tuscania.! n.nd paid his respects to the dead as ! those who had made the supreme sacri? fice. Tribute to Tuscania Dead Lord Reading said: "My first thought upon arrival is of the loss of life on the Tuscania. re? ported to us* while we < were at sea. May I pay mt very respectful tribute of honor to trie gallant men who have made the supreme sacrifice for their ! country's sake and express my pro found sympathy with their relatives? "I am, indeed, glad to find myself once again, and for the third time since the beginning of the war, in America. It is barely three months ago since I ' sailed for England, and I return this ; time charged with many and varied \ duties, which I should scarcely have j had the courage to undertake had I not know from past experience that my . government could implicitly reiy uptrii , the cordial goodwill of the American ! people and their complete cooperation \ with the Allies in all measures neces- ? snry for the vigorous prosecution ot ' the war. "I om sure you will fully understand that I cannot make any statement in I my official capacity until I have been '? received by your President. Moreover, j I am not yet acquainted with what has ! happened since I left England on Fc-b- ? ruary 1. I may nevertheless be per- j milled to say that the recent pro-; nouncements upon war aims of your >? President and of the British Prime ! Minister, which ?re substantially in m.c-1 cord, and arc accepted by the Allies, have Deen received with complete unanimity by the British people. Says Germana Aim to Conquer s "You know how vastly the answers made by the German government have differed from their professions when entering into the negotiations at Brest- | Litovsk. But these utterances have i now left no shadow of doubt that the German government is waging this war j for conquest of nations and territory : and for military domination of. the ! world. "There can be but one answer for] the free and democratic nations united j in the struggle against the common ! enemy. It is to continue to nut forth ; all their powers and to employ all their resources to resist this attempt at mili- ', tary despotism and finally to bring about a just and lasting peace. ?Such a j peace alone will give security against wanton aggression and the violation of treaties and will insure liberty and jus- '? tice for all nations. "Let me impress upon you that when I I left England the determination to ? carry the war through to the end was j as fixed as ever. The British people are ready to face the critical months j before us -perhaps the most critical of the war?with grim tenacity. They are ' prepared to endure whatever suffering j or privation or sacrifice may be neces sary to obtain the onlv possible con- ; elusion of this war. That the Ameri? can people are equally prepared to ; make every effort to bring about this! result is the surest guarantee that the ] cause is just and the aim is right eous." , Remains Aboard Ship Lord Reading and the members of ? his party stayed on board ship last night, believing that the accommoda tions afforded them there were better than could be obtained hastily ashore. Among Lord Reading's staff were Major General E. D. Swinton, Sir! Grimwood Mears, Major C. K. Cran- i ford Stuart, Charles Hubert Montgom- i ery, C. V. O., of the British Foreign ; Office; J. B. Brunyate. of the council of the Secretary of State for India,; and W. B. Dawkins. Sir Grimwood Mears shortly after the outbreak of the war was placed in charge of the investigation into the i German atrocities in Belgium. He col- ' lected the greater part of the evidence j which was ultimately laid before the ' Committee on Alleged German Out- j ragt's, preside?! over by Lord Bryce. i Later, he wrote a reply to the German White Book, which had eulogized the conduct of the German troops. Welcome was extended to Lord and ' Lady Reading ana members of the com- j mission, when the steamship reached j its pier, by a delegation of prominent | British officials already here. Lieute^- ! ant Colonel Sir William Wiseman, Bart., attached to the. staff as liaison officer between the British War Cabinet and Lord Reading, greeted the special en? voy. Teutons Sign Peace Compact With Ukraine Berlin Makes Official An? nouncement ; Bolsheviki Ex? pected to Repudiate It BERLIN, Feb. 0 (via London).? Peace between the Central Powers and ihc Ukraine was signed at 2 o clock this morning, according to an official state? ment is.tied here to-day. LONDON, Feb. 9.- -An Austrian offi? cial statement, received here says that [ peace with Ukraine was signed at Brest-Litovsk. Bolsheviki Probably Will Reject Any Peace Compact \ Made by Ukrainian Envoys \ The Bolshevik government probably will recognize no peace agreement signed by representatives of the Ukrai-1 nian Rada. This is the legislative body set up by the Ukrainians when they declared their independence of Russia, and has been opposed by the Bolshe? viki as bourgeoise. Attempts to over? throw the Rada and establish a Sol? diers' and Workmen's Council as the governing authority in the Ukraine have resulted in fighting during the ? last few weeks, concerning the results of which conflicting reports have been Must Conciliate Workers, End Capital's Autocracy, Say President's Mediators !-* ; j Rioting Follows General Strike On All Argentine Railroads ._ BUENOS AYRES, Feb. 9.-A general. railroad striko was called to-day ! throughout Argentina. Immediately i upon quitting work the strikers began ; a wild anarchistic demonstration ! throughout the country. Trains were wrecked, tracks destroyed, cars laden with wheat v/ere burned and wires j were cut, preventing news from the interior from reaching this city. Al? though details are not known, many passenger and cereal trains are stalled at various points in the republic. Troops are being rushed to points of greatest disorder in Central Argen? tina. The large yards in the outskirts of Buenos Ayrcs, which cover twenty two city blocks, were set on fire by the strikers, who fought off the fire men all this morning. Exploding tank cars added to the conflagration. The strike is a fresh outbreak of the labor troubles which have been dor mant since last October. In the riots during the first day of the strike the destruction of property in the city of Buenos Ayres alone amounted to 1,000,000 pesos. Fully one-half of this loss was in wheat, corn and linseed, which was burned at the suburb of San Martin. Previous dispatches have indicated ; that German agents have been active in fomenting labor troubles in Argen? tina, working through the semi-anar- | chistic organizations, just as they have done in the United States. Unsinkable Boat Here; to Beat U-Boat, Says Naval Adviser William L. Saunder3, chairman of ! the Naval Consulting Board, startled the country nine months ago by de? claring that the U-boat menace had been solved. Instantly he was assailed, inside and outside government circles; openly accused of misleading the coun- '. try and as far as possible discredited. Last night, speaking at the annual banquet of the University of Penn- j syivania Club of New York City, held at Delmonico's, Mr. Saunders made an? other and even more startling state? ment. He declared that the unsinka bie boat had been found, that the so? lution of the U-boat problem was at hand and that the first b?*at to leave the snores of the United States out? fitted with the devices which make its sinking impossible would sail within a few- days. There was something dramatic in the manner of Mr. Saunders's an? nouncement He spoke in so suppressed a fashion hull below the water line and she ' would not sink. ? "A U-boat might blow her full of holes, and the worst that could hap? pen would be that she would become like a waterlogged lumber schooner and sink two feet below the level of the water. Further than that she couldn't go. "Countless experiments have been made with the Lucia. I need not go into detail as to what they were when I tell you she was subjected to every pos? sible condition she may have to face as a transport?and she didn't sink. At this moment she is waiting only the j signal to start for Europe. I would ! : that every transport that sails from ? an American port had such protection, i "The whole discovery is a monumentl ! to William T. Donnelly, marine expert, ! 1 who has offices in the Whitehall Build- ' ipg. He first discovered the practica sent out by the Ukrainians and the Bol sheviki, each claiming decisive mili- : tary successes. When the peace negotiations at Brest-Litovsk were begun the Bolshe viki consented to the admission of Ukrainian delegates, but subsequently discovered that the Ukrainians were; carrying on secret negotiations with the Germans -and Austr'ans. They thereupon repudiated the Ukrainians ! and sent new delegates, representing! the Bolshevik r?gime in Ukraine, to ? Brest-Litovsk. "The Germans and Aus trians, however, declined to recognize the new delegates. M. Boluscwysch, a Ukrainian dele? gate, told the Brest-Litovsk conference on January 11 that the Ukraine favored a confederation of all the republics which had arisen within the boun? daries of the former Russian Empire, but pending such a result claimed in? ternational status for itself. He said the Ukraine was striving for a general peace, with self-determination for the smallest nation. I that those in the rear of the room finally left their seats to crowd around the tables, near which he stood as he I talked. "I am going to make a statement to night," said Mr. Saunders, "that has ! never been made before. There is a ! ship belonging to the United States one of the finest she has afloat. She is : named the Lucia. She was an Austrian vessel and was seized at the beginning j of the war. At *?he present moment j she is in an Atlantic port. Thr.v bo'it | is so equipped that a torpedo eanlot sink her. "lean conceive of no reason why this information should be withheld. On the contrary, I believe it is well that the enemy may come to realize that the time has been reached when Ameri? can transports soon will be transport? ing our troops in unsinkable ships." "We have taken the, Lucia, filled her : inner hull with 12,w00 wooden boxes, each 2 feet square by 12 inches deep, and fastened each box to her frame? work below the water line. A torpedo ; could blow a hole 30 feet square in her bility of floatable boxes some years ago. For nine months he has done nothing; but work on the Lucia in an effort to make her unsinkable. He has sue-1 ceeded." ?' i.? ? Great Ice Avalanche Moving on Pittsburgh PITTSBURGH, Feb. 10.-An ava- i lanche of ice, probably millions of tons j in weight, is coming down the Monon- i gahela River toward this city, crushing river steamers and coal tipplts in its path. The great gorge at Brownsville, Penn., that has been threatening to let go for two days went out at 1 o'clock this morning. The gorge was nine miles long and the ice pack waa piled thirty feet high. Earlier in the night smaller gorges back of the big pack let go a^d, piling up behind the great gorge, foiled it out. Commission That In? vestigated Industrial Unrest in West Re? ports That Nation's Man Power Is Being Wasted and Unwise? ly Directed Labor Is Found Generally Loyal But the System Is Ignorant of Its Feelings ? Curing Spe? cific Evils Will Not Do? Collective Relationships Be? tween Men and Manage? ment . Necessary ? 8-Hour War Day Is Recommended WASHINGTON, February 9. '"The conclusion cannot be escaped that the available man-power of live nation, serving as the industrial arm of ivar, is not employed to its full capacity nor wisely directed to the energies of icar." This is the finding of President Wilson's mediation commission, which has just completed a survey of the labor unrest west of the Miss? issippi River?unrest which the gov? ernment considered most menacing to the successful prosecution of the war. William B. Wilson, Secretary of La? bor, is chairman of the commission. The other members are: Kniest P. Marsh, Verner Z. Reed, Jackson L. Spangler, John II. Walker, Foli.v. Frankfurter, secretary and counsel, and Max Lowenthal, assistant secretary. For this unrest, the commission blames industrial evils, the absence of i healthy spirit between capital and abor and "'iiisound jnd'istrial struc? ture." Sinister influences the I. W. W., among others- the commission inds. have taken advantage of this situation to spread their propaganda. Labor Not Disloyal "The overwhelming mass of the ta? iloring population is in no sense dis? loyal," the leport adds. To correct such conditions, the com? mission outlines these means: "1 The elimination to the utmost practical extent of all profit? eering during the period of the war is a prerequisite to the beet morale in industry. "O Modern, large scale industry has effectually destroyed* the per? sonal relation between employer and employe?the knowledge and cooper? ation that come from personal con? tact. It is therefore no longer pos? sible to conduct industry with em? ployes as individ?ala. Some form of collective relationship between man? agement and men is indispensable. The recognition of this principle by the government should form an ac? cepted part of the labor policy of the nation. "2 Law, in business as elsewhere, depends for its vitality upon steady enforcement. Instead of wait? ing for adjustment after grievances come to the surface, there is needed the establishment of continuous ad , ministrative machinery for the dis? position of industrial issues and the avoidance of an atmosphere of con? tention and the waste of disturb? ances. "A The eight-hour day is an estab? lished policy of the country; experience has proved justification of the principle also in war times. Pro? vision must, of course, be made for longer hours in case of emergencies. Labor will readily meet this require? ment if its misuse is guarded against by appropriate overtime payments. *'C Unified direction of the labor ad? ministration of the United States for the period of -the war should be established. At present there is an unrelated number of sepa? rate committees, boards, agencies and departments having fragmentary and conflicting jurisdiction over the la? bor problems raised by the war. A singie-headed administration !s need? ed, with full power to determine and establish the necessary administra? tive structure. "6. W^en assured of sound labor conditions and effective means for the just redress of grievances that may arise, labor in its turn should surrender all practices which tend to restrict maximum efficiency. "?7 Uncorrected evils are the grsat *est provocative of extremist pro? paganda, and their correction in it? self would be the best counter pro? paganda. But there is need for moro affirmative education. There has been too little publicity of an educative sort in regard to labor's relations to the war. The purposes of the gov? ernment and the metho'ds by which it is pursuing them should be brought home to the fuller under? standing of labor. Labor has most at stake in this war, and it will eagerly devote its all, if only it be treated with confidence and under? standing, subject neither to indul? gence nor neglect, but dealt with as a part of the citizenship of the state." The commission went West prinei pally to look into the copper strikes in the Arizona district and the 1. W. W. activities in the lumber-districts of tho Pacific Northwest. It included in its in? vestigation, however, tfce dispute in the California oil field?, ^he threatened